January 2003

Report

31 Dec 2002

When we compare the well-being of American, Canadian or European kids, can we really say that the United States has not left any of its children behind? What can we say about equality of opportunity or fair life chances for America's children compared to their...

Report

29 Jan 2003

Whether companies are serious about corporate citizenship or not, there should be no question about their accountability to their societies, writes Louise Sylvan in a review of an important new work on corporate self regulation. Even within the framework of the new regulatory state, establishing...

Discussion paper

29 Jan 2003

In this paper the authors investigate the changing characteristics of working age women, focusing on their financial independence. They combine an examination of policy and institutional changes that occurred in Australia during the 1980s and 1990s with an analysis of income survey microdata for the...

Discussion paper

29 Jan 2003

What is the distribution of real income within as well as across countries? The purpose of this paper is to try to answer this question by presenting estimates of the real purchasing power (PPP) parity-adjusted distribution of disposable income for a number of countries.

Discussion paper

30 Dec 2002

High and persistent unemployment has presented a major challenge for the welfare state from two directions. First, it has eroded the funding base and second, it has increased the demands on welfare programs because of the consequences for poverty and inequality resulting from high unemployment....

Discussion paper

29 Jan 2003

This study is a summary and commentary on what is known about the determinants of both the level and trend in economic inequality over the past two decades, and relates these findings to the progress of globalization in these nations. While the fruits of economic...

Report

24 Dec 2002

Under the National Drought Policy, created in 1992, federal government support for farmers comes predominantly in two forms: interest rate subsidies and a special welfare payment. Support under these programs is only available to farmers in defined areas which have been declared to be experiencing...

Briefing paper

24 Jan 2003

The clearing of native vegetation is one of the nation's most important, yet controversial, environmental issues. After many decades of governments uncritically promoting land clearing, the ecological ramifications of these actions are now understood. A variety of national programs and policies deal with or have...

Report

24 Jan 2003

This report presents a detailed statistical update on Australia's information and communication technology trade over the decade to 2001-02. It explores the composition and direction of equipment, content and services trade and discusses trends in the balance of trade in ICTs. It also examines the...

Report

23 Jan 2003

This paper provides an analysis of selected socio-economic data from the 2001 Census of Population and Housing for New South Wales state electoral district. Each profile presents Census 2001 data, 1999 NSW State Election results (or by-election results where appropriate) and a corresponding map for...

Presentation

22 Jan 2003

Transcript of a lecture by Atholl Anderson on the Indo-Pacific Prehistoric Colonization Project and the Asian Fore-Arc Project. The data obtained in these projects will become the essential nuts and bolts in constructing the prehistory of Indo-Pacific colonization, but they also provide a point of...

Commentary

Article

22 Jan 2003

Justice Mary Gaudron, the first and only female to sit on the High Court of Australia, is to be replaced by a man. The institution charged with the ultimate authority for the application, interpretation and development of Australian law is, again, to be staffed exclusively...

Submission

21 Jan 2003

This submission to the Senate Inquiry into Progress Towards National Reconciliation the focuses on the progress made towards national reconciliation in the field of public law. It suggests paths forward through consultation and reform (including by constitutional amendment). The submission examines what has been called...

Discussion paper

21 Jan 2003

It is not the first time there has been talk of a treaty or treaties between Indigenous peoples and the rest of the Australian community, and this time round the debate has only just begun. The debate has already taken off on a number of...

Report

21 Jan 2003

In New South Wales (NSW), Australia, new legislation, the Drug Court Act 1998, was enacted to enable a trial to be conducted of an adult drug court program as an alternative to jail for the increasing number of criminal offenders who were addicted to elicit...

Other text

20 Jan 2003

Keynote address by the Hon E.G. Whitlam AC QC at Thirty Years Later: the Whitlam government as modernist politics conference. The address focuses on the four great institutions which provide a framework for advocacy and action: the Australian Labor Party, the Australian Parliament, the Australian...

Report

20 Jan 2003

What rural Australia needs most is an appreciation of its diverse circumstances, set within a national ethic of social justice. As in urban Australia, some regions and industries in rural Australia are facing long-term crisis, and deserve a 'mate's hand' from taxpayers as a whole....

Report

20 Jan 2003

This paper provides an analysis of selected socio-economic data from the 2001 Census of Population and Housing for New South Wales state electoral districts. Data for each characteristic is presented in two tables. The first table ranks each Electoral District, in descending order, on the...

Report

16 Jan 2003

This paper explores the quality of relationships between civil society and the state in the development context, in terms of 'infrastructural power'. It also reviews recent literature on state-civil society relations from the field. The paper concludes by putting forward three themes which may contribute...

Working paper

16 Jan 2003

This study is concerned with how far globalisation has affected the capacity of China, as a developing nation, to make and implement foreign policy. China’s entry into the UN, the Nixon/Kissinger visits, and expanding membership of international institutions, meant that a quantitative expansion of diplomatic...

Report

15 Jan 2003

The governments of New South Wales, Victoria and Western Australia argue that current Commonwealth-state funding arrangements disadvantage them. Late in 2001, these states commissioned Professor Ross Garnaut and Dr Vincent Fitzgerald to review these arrangements and recommend changes. The authors' proposals are contained in their...

Briefing paper

15 Jan 2003

Events in NSW in the past few years have heightened the focus on "youth gangs" and ethnic youth gangs in particular. In this report Roza Lozusic explores what they are, how and why they form, and how they're preceived by the public. She examines the...

Report

19 Nov 2002

The changes in the oath of citizenship over the last 50 years reflect the evolution of Australia from British colony to independent multicultural nation. This Research Note provides an overview.

Report

3 Dec 2002

This Research Note discusses issues highlighted by a recent attempt by the Queensland government to require local councillors to vacate office if seeking election to federal Parliament.

Report

26 Feb 2003

As a consequence of United Nations Security Council resolutions passed after the 1990-91 Gulf war, Iraq is required by international law to renounce weapons of mass destruction and submit to verification inspections by United Nations agencies. It is yet to be determined whether Iraq still...

Report

10 Dec 2002

This Current Issues Brief provides an assessment of the situation in Afghanistan a year after the fall of the Taliban regime. It discusses the problems facing the country and concludes that there are grounds for cautious optimism if the international community stays involved in rebuilding...

Report

13 Jan 2003

The preoccupation with money and consumption comes at an increasing cost. Many Australians consider that money-hunger conflicts with their deeper values and preferences and results in a society that is too materialistic. There is evidence that many people are deciding to accept lower incomes and...

Report

1 Dec 2002

International travellers -- mainly higher income earners -- can buy "duty-free" cigarettes and spirits for around half of the normal retail price because they are exempted from excises and GST. Although the Federal Government does not publish an official estimate of the costs to the...

Briefing paper

13 Jan 2003

The present drought conditions foreshadow a serious bushfire season for southeastern Australia. After last summer's severe bush fires in New South Wales there were calls for more frequent and extensive use of fuel reduction burning of forests and other areas to enable firefighting agencies to...