February 2003

Research report

28 Feb 2003

The Vinson Report on Public Education in NSW contains a wealth of information, and makes important points about schools, teachers and education in public schools throughout the state.

The Report’s recommendation on class sizes has attracted more attention than any other. This is unfortunate...

Research report

28 Feb 2003

Despite the 'housing boom', Australia has experienced a continuing decline in the stock of affordable housing and is facing a housing affordability crisis. Nationally there is an estimated shortage of 150,000 units of affordable housing. There are approximately a quarter of a million people experiencing...

Research report

27 Feb 2003

The private rental sector plays a key role in the Australian housing system. Its capacity to serve low- to moderate-income households, however, is constrained. This paper explores how low- and moderate-income private renters experience, perceive and indicate a need for "security of tenure".

Research report

27 Feb 2003

One way of reducing the number of burglaries and thefts may be to make the disposal of stolen property more difficult. In order to intervene in this illegal trade, authorities need to know what burglars and thieves do with the property they steal. With this...

Research report

27 Feb 2003

This report presents the key findings and research outcomes of an investigation of the adequacy and appropriateness of existing evaluation methods and indicators used by government and community organisations in assessing Indigenous housing programs and interventions.

Conference paper

25 Feb 2003

This paper presents estimates on the cost of children in Australia today, both by number and age of children and by family income. It also provides estimates of the lifetime cost of raising two children from birth until the end of their 20th year. The...

Conference paper

25 Feb 2003

The prospect of the baby boomers reaching retirement in the near future is an economic concern for most OECD countries. The future costs of their pension schemes and the escalating health care costs are coming on top of already stretched budgets. In Australia, a three-pillar...

Technical report

25 Feb 2003

This report discusses the technical details of the design, conduct and estimation methods of the Australian component of the 2000 International Crime Victims Survey (ICVS). Development of the ICVS commenced in 1987; its primary goal was to further international comparative research.

The...

Conference paper

24 Feb 2003

Toe Zaw Latt argues that much work needs to be done to lay foundations for a genuine national reconciliation process in Burma. This process must involve, enfranchise and be meaningful for all ethnic groups - Burmans and non-Burmans alike. An important first step must be...

Research report

10 Feb 2003

Growing urban traffic congestion and public transport concerns have become major issues to city constituents and affect national efficiency. This Current Issues Brief examines these issues and looks at local and international calls for greater Federal Government involvement in urban transport issues.

Research report

10 Feb 2003

The north Canberra electoral division of Fraser has the highest number of persons employed in the defence forces and in defence administration. Other divisions with a high number of defence employment are Herbert, Solomon and Canberra. This Research Note uses data from the 2001 Census...

Research report

10 Feb 2003

In last year's Victorian electiont the ALP gained its largest-ever Legislative Assembly majority, the Liberal Party suffered its most severe defeat in fifty years, the National Party almost lost its parliamentary party status, the Greens performed well enough to suggest that they may be able...

Research report

20 Feb 2003

Older unemployed people have quite specific job search and job training needs compared with other groups. Lorraine Kerr, Ed Carson and Jodi Goddard draw on empirical research on the job placement system in South Australia to show that agency capacity to address the specific needs...

Research report

20 Feb 2003

This paper analyses current levels of spending on greenhouse programs by the Australian government and asks whether the government's claim that it is spending $1 billion on greenhouse programs is true. The paper also compares spending in Australia on sustainable energy with spending in other...

Discussion paper

19 Feb 2003

This paper focuses on how competition and consumer protection issues might be relevant and apply to the Indigenous visual arts and crafts industry. The structure of the industry is complex: the majority of producers reside in remote localities; there are a variety of functional levels;...

Research report

19 Feb 2003

Contemporary research on the adjustment of children growing up in 'non-traditional' family forms has raised questions about the capacity of these families to provide for a child's interests. As the dominance of the conventional nuclear family continues to decline, Australian data about diversity within families...

Discussion paper

19 Feb 2003

This paper examines the history of the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation (CAR) in Australia from 1991 to 2001 and argues that reconciliation between Australia's Indigenous and settler peoples was never likely to be achieved in that time frame. Reconciliation, it argues, will be a matter...

Discussion paper

19 Feb 2003

This paper presents a case study of the Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) scheme in the Coen region of Cape York Peninsula from January 1996 to May 1997, prior to implementation of the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (HREOC) and Spicer Reports on CDEP....

Discussion paper

19 Feb 2003

Commonwealth-funded residential rehabilitation programs for Indigenous problem drinkers or drug users were established in the 1970s as community controlled organisations that were separate from Aboriginal Medical Services and independent of State drug and alcohol units. Structural and political factors during their development and growth have...

Submission

6 Feb 2003

This submission to the Senate Employment, Workplace Relations and Education Committee in its inquiry into the Termination of Employment Bill 2002 examines the latest government attempt to amend unfair dismissal laws. This Bill is goes beyond changing the rules for small business. Using the Commonwealth's...

Research report

3 Mar 2003

This paper provides an analysis of socio-demographic data from the 2001 Census of Population and Housing for Commonwealth Electoral Divisions. The electoral boundaries used in this paper are those applicable at the 2001 Federal Election. Data for each characteristic is presented in two tables. The...

Commentary

Article

17 Feb 2003

Each year in Australia many people suffer injury that government is in a position to prevent. By building better roads, imposing tougher safety standards, or carrying out tougher regulation and inspection, government could reduce many of the hazards of contemporary living. But the ideal world...

Research report

10 Feb 2003

The use of fuel ethanol-ethanol blended with petrol-has received considerable negative publicity. This paper examines the background to the controversy and the arguments for and against its use, including as a means of assisting the sugar industry, the environmental benefits and costs, the effects on...

Research report

13 Feb 2003

This report looks at the motivations of, and tradeoffs made by, low income households who choose to relocate from metropolitan cities to rural and regional Australia. A key question considered was how important were housing considerations compared to other factors in location choice and whether,...

Briefing paper

13 Feb 2003

Next time someone tells you how unfortunate it is that native title has not lived up to expectations, you might want to tell them about its treatment by its 'foster' family, argues Jennifer Clarke in this analysis of the High Court's decision in the Yorta...

Research report

13 Feb 2003

Why should we be concerned about the gap between the rich and the poor? In this paper Janet Taylor examines this issue from the experience and perceptions of children born in 1990 and growing up in low and high income households. It draws on findings...

Conference paper

13 Feb 2003

Mainstream debates of career and family are locked within the dichotomous choice of 'to have' or 'not to have'. Drawing on a recent series of in-depth interviews with young women (Year 12) who plan on having both a professional career and a family, Angela Barns...

Research report

4 Feb 2003

The commitment of significant numbers of Australian forces to Operation Bastille for a potential war in Iraq marks a significant departure from recent practice. This could be the first time since World War II that Australian forces move to participate in a military conflict without...

Conference paper

13 Feb 2003

This paper uses data from the first wave of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey to examine the role of marriage and family characteristics in explaining variations across individuals in self-reported life satisfaction. A feature of this analysis is the data...

Research report

13 Feb 2003

This report provides a study of changes in Australians' housing aspirations and the implications of these for housing assistance. It illustrates the way in which the changing nature of Australian society is reflected in changing housing aspirations among different household groups and what these changes...

Research report

13 Feb 2003

Balancing work and family responsibilities is an important issue for dual earner couples in Australia. Using data from the 1997 Australian Time Use Survey, Danielle Venn found that couples with children under 15 years coordinate their working time to increase the proportion of time when...

Research report

3 Feb 2003

The North Korean decision to restart its nuclear program and to withdraw from the nuclear non-proliferation treaty could potentially destabilise the North East Asian region. The crisis re-emphasises the importance of the region to Australian trade and security interests.

Research report

10 Feb 2003

Australian bushfire policy must recognise the risks inherent in living on such a dry continent, where extreme and unpredictable weather events regularly prevail. Ian Brandes writes that these risks are magnified when we continue to develop our urban/bushland interface. For many Australians, the benefits in...

Working paper

10 Feb 2003

Richard Denniss outlines a proposal for high-income sports stars including Lleyton Hewitt, Cathy Freeman and Shane Warne to be required to repay the costs of their publicly funded training under a new HECS-style scheme for elite sports developed by The Australia Institute. The scheme would...

Commentary

Article

7 Feb 2003

At the 1999 New South Wales election, voters were presented with an unusual physical challenge in trying to cast their votes for the Legislative Council. A record 264 candidates nominated for 81 groups on a ballot paper measuring one metre by 700mm. As expected, the...

Research report

6 Feb 2003

A new study of test scores achieved by Australian 14-year-olds in reading comprehension and mathematics between 1975 and 1998 has revealed growing differences between Australian schools along socioeconomic lines. The report examines student achievement scores on tests of reading comprehension and mathematics from five studies...

Research report

5 Feb 2003

The Australian Council of Social Service released a set of 12 Budget proposals that would help the Federal Government out of a 'policy quagmire' that is entrenching joblessness in the Australian community and is directly affecting over 390,000 long-term unemployed people. ACOSS estimates there are...

Research report

5 Feb 2003

In late 2002 Australia's Centre for Democratic Institutions (CDI) commissioned a study of the Indonesian Parliament to increase understanding of its developing role, in the process of democratization in Indonesia. The research found, among other things, a huge political shift has taken place in Indonesia...

Discussion paper

5 Feb 2003

How do standard economic theories of migration perform when confronted with evidence drawn from more than a century of world migration experience? How do inequality and poverty influence world migration? Is it useful to distinguish betwen migration pressure and migration ex-post, or between the potential...

Briefing paper

5 Feb 2003

A survey has revealed that 52% of Australians believe the myth that Indigenous Australians are not disadvantaged. This report outlines the facts and provides the Government with concrete strategies to address the needs of Indigenous Australians - including employment, education and family support.

Research report

5 Feb 2003

The fifth Australians Living on the Edge survey conducted by ACOSS and the state and territory Councils of Social Service was released on Thursday 30 January. This survey examines key changes in the operating environment of community organisations, major issues of concern to organisations, and...

Research report

5 Feb 2003

This is the text of the National Press Club Telstra Australia Day Address delivered on 29 January 2003 by Professor George Williams. It deals with the federal Government's legal response to September 11 and the Bali attack, and in particular the deadlocked ASIO Bill in...

Research report

1 Feb 2003

Strong economic growth has provided significant opportunities for Tasmanians during the past two years. Many people have been able to gain employment and improve their standard of living. However, there continue to be thousands of Tasmanians who experience significant disadvantage, living on very low incomes,...