April 2003

Research report

30 Apr 2003

Academics, politicians, and commentators influenced by the idea of social capital claim that enhancing the social capital of the community can restore trust. Toby Fattore, Nick Turnbull and Shaun Wilson argue that the relationships described as trust are quite distinct, and we should not expect...

Research report

30 Apr 2003

Transcript of address by Patricia Reeve, Executive Director, National Policy Secretariat, COTA. Explores the emergence of ageing as a central policy issue and the potential impact on planning for community aged care services. Focuses on some pertinent aspects on Australia's ageing population - mature age...

Research report

30 Apr 2003

E-commerce technologies are changing the business realities of rural non-farm businesses, but this change is incremental rather than revolutionary. This study provides a snapshot into rural Australia to determine the reality of the implications of electronic commerce for rural non-farm businesses. Undertaken against the backdrop...

Research report

30 Apr 2003

The concept of evidence-based practice is enjoying resurgence across the applied social sciences. Catherine McDonald examines the concept's deployment in social work, an activity that exemplifies the optimistic institutionalisation of the applied social sciences within post war welfare states. She assesses the capacity and merit...

Research report

15 Apr 2003

The rules governing "strangers" (non-members within the parliament) have distant origins, and have changed considerably over the last two centuries. Parliaments around Australia and overseas generally have standing orders which control access of non-members to areas of the parliament reserved for members when parliament is...

Research report

30 Apr 2003

Social capital is one of the most exciting concepts to emerge from economics in the past decade. It promises to reconcile market approaches with intangible social dimensions of trust and community. At the same time it has been criticised as a form of academic colonisation,...

Research report

30 Apr 2003

Transcript of address by Patricia Reeve, Executive Director, National Policy Secretariat, COTA. Critique of the Myer Foundation's 2002 Vision for aged care in Australia, suggests a change of perspective in partnerships with consumers; and proposes participatory learning across the community aged care system.

Research report

15 Apr 2003

The High Court is divided about the status of many thousands of British nationals living in Australia who have not formally become citizens of this country. At stake is the right of such people to freely remain in Australia. The federal government is currently attempting...

Journal article

30 Apr 2003

Recent enthusiasm for evidence-based policy-making in Australia has many sources, however the meaning and practice of 'evidence-based policy' are contested. Greg Marston and Rob Watts identify and critically assess the value of evidence-based claims and their relationship to evidence-based policy. They highlight the importance of...

Research report

30 Apr 2003

Evolving ideas about national identity have strongly influenced official accounts of social inclusion, because these ideas set out the attributes a person must have to be considered a 'true' citizen. Patricia Harris and Vicki Williams describe the evolution of official representations of national identity during...

Research report

28 Apr 2003

Refugees are one of the most vulnerable groups in Australian society, especially during the early stages of their resettlement experience. This research project will investigate and compare the housing experiences of Temporary Protection Visa refugees and Permanent Protection Visa refugees in three Australian cities: Adelaide,...

Research report

15 Apr 2003

The annual Budget, which is brought down in May, is perhaps the federal government's most important political, economic and social document. The sheer size of the Budget -- estimated outlays in the 2002-03 Budget were $167 billion dollars or the equivalent of 24 per cent...

Research report

25 Apr 2003

Australia was the first country to recognise the right to conscientious objection to military service in legislation as part of the Defence Act 1903. Recognition has developed from objections based on religious belief to more secular philosophical and ethical convictions and has developed in Australia...

Research report

11 Apr 2003

As the major combat operations of the war in Iraq appear to be drawing to a close, it is important to put in context the financial costs of Australia's military contribution. This Current Issues Brief gives some preliminary estimates of military costs up to now,...

Research report

15 Apr 2003

The paper from which this brief is drawn attempts to assess the relevance of the experience generated by British Tribunals of Inquiry for Australian federal Royal Commissions especially when analysed against the background of judicial developments in some other jurisdictions such as New Zealand and...

Research report

24 Apr 2003

This study will provide a comprehensive assessment of the distributional impact of the major forms of broadly defined housing assistance provided by the Commonwealth and will provide an assessment of the extent to which the changes in the different forms of housing assistance have contributed...

Research report

23 Apr 2003

This paper describes how Australia moved from an interventionist agricultural policy to the leadership of the Cairns Group during the Uruguay Round. It discusses the dismantling of price supports, stabilisation schemes and the myriad of other government interventions in agriculture and suggests that this process...

Research report

23 Apr 2003

Liberalizing economic integration in Europe has clear institutional pre-conditions. Like all functioning market systems it requires rules and a system for enforcing them; that is law and a legal system. The 'supply' of these institutions has been anything but straightforward. Each stage of the construction...

Research report

23 Apr 2003

Transcript of a lecture delivered by Mr Jan Kavan, President of the United Nations General Assembly. Since the tragic events of the 11 September, the world community agreed on and united to struggle against terrorism, however special attention must also be paid to the protection...

Research report

24 Mar 2003

This brief examines the likely macroeconomic effects of war with Iraq, implications for oil prices as well as business and consumer confidence and the effect on Australia's level of activity, trade flows, employment and inflation.

Research report

24 Mar 2003

The military action to forcibly remove the regime of Saddam Hussein raises the question of whether to apply a similar solution to the Kim Jong-Il regime in North Korea. This paper outlines the difficulty of a military solution in the North Korean situation.

Research report

22 Apr 2003

'Give back our seat' is a common cry in Australia when a Senator or Member chooses to quit the party on whose platform s/he was elected while retaining the seat in Parliament. This paper examines many of the issues surrounding party jumping in Australia and...

Research report

22 Apr 2003

On 12 February 2003, the federal government released a White Paper on Foreign Affairs and Trade: Advancing the National Interest. This Brief provides a concise overview of the paper and discusses some key issues arising from it.

Journal article

28 Feb 2003

Refugees represent one of the most marginalised populations with generally poor health outcomes and requirements often very different from, and in excess of, the populations in the countries of asylum. Although governments in industrialised countries are often vociferous about the generosity of their support for...

Discussion paper

20 Jun 2003

This paper is an exploration of the potential opportunities and costs of linkages between philanthropic bodies, non-government organisations (NGOs), Indigenous organisations and the academy. Following an overview of the evolution of the ‘Literacy for Life’ project, provided as a case study of the development of...

Discussion paper

16 Apr 2003

This paper examines the importance of household energy use and research into it. It reviews studies from around the world that have measured and investigated the characteristics of such consumption. It then concentrates on relevant research of this kind in Australia. It goes on to...

Discussion paper

16 Apr 2003

Every five years, the national Census of Population and Housing provides a window on the demographic, social and economic characteristics of Australia's Indigenous population. In line with each census count of Indigenous Australians since 1971, when a question on self-identified Indigenous origins was introduced, the...

Discussion paper

7 Apr 2003

This paper reports on a critical aspect of research findings from a three-year study conducted among Indigenous people living in and around the town of Kuranda in Northern Queensland, namely the role and impacts of welfare within the domestic economy of families. The research arose...

Research report

16 Apr 2003

Indigenous Australians are one of the groups disproportionately represented among welfare recipients and there has been intense debate about the best way of dealing with this problem. The authors examine the changes which have taken place in the USA, especially with respect to Native Americans,...

Research report

16 Apr 2003

The current system for imposition and collection of fines in Australia is significantly flawed. Fines are often inappropriately imposed/not imposed, inequitable, have high default rates and are expensive to enforce. This paper suggests an alternative scheme for the enforcement and collection of fines, a Fine...

Research report

3 Mar 2003

In 1996 when the 'debt truck' was touring Australia, our net foreign debt level was $194 billion or 39 per cent of GDP. The 'debt truck' has since disappeared, but Australia's foreign debt has continued to climb and in 2002 was equal to $330 billion...

Research report

15 Apr 2003

Three previous AHURI reports have clearly established that housing affordability problems have intensified significantly in Australia over the past 15 years; the bottom end of the rental housing market is failing abjectly in meeting rising demand; existing housing subsidies are inadequate to deal with the...

Research report

18 Mar 2003

The decision of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) to withdraw from the nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty and to restart its nuclear program frozen under the 1994 Agreed Framework with the United States has sparked international concerns of nuclear arms proliferation and regional...

Research report

15 Apr 2003

This e-brief aims to give an overview of the array of services and support provided to the elderly in Australia. Given the number and breadth of the various programs that are available to the aged and, given the fact that all three levels of government...

Research report

18 Mar 2003

This brief provides an overview of the current predicament in which approximately 1650 East Timorese who sought protection from Australia in early 1990s now find themselves. The paper examines the reasons for the lengthy delay in processing their claims for asylum, overviews the pertinent legal...

Research report

15 Apr 2003

Using ABS Household Expenditure Survey statistics, this study finds, among other things, that real housing costs in Australia increased substantially (32.9 per cent) over the period 1975-99. Purchasers experienced the biggest cost increase (66.2 per cent), followed by private tenants (24 per cent) and outright...

Research report

24 Mar 2003

Should someone with a criminal record be able to stand for political office? What about someone actually in jail? Should it depend on their crime? This Current Issues Brief outlines the issues, and reviews some of the many examples of political figures who have had...

Research report

24 Mar 2003

The war in Iraq raises again the issue of media coverage of conflict and the public's right to know. News that the United States military has 'embedded' 500 journalists in its fighting units suggests that the public will receive a more complete picture than it...

Research report

15 Apr 2003

Using extensive case study analysis and field visits to schools, this report seeks to build a picture of the most effective intervention strategies to assist young people at risk of homelessness.

Research report

18 Mar 2003

In the 2001 Commonwealth election Northern Territory voters were divided into two House of Representatives seats for the first time. However, on 20 February 2003 the Australian Electoral Commissioner determined that due to a population shift the Northern Territory would lose the extra seat, returning...

Commentary

Article

10 Apr 2003

The federal government must recommit itself to reconciliation between Indigenous peoples and the wider Australian community, argue Sean Brennan and George Williams

THE Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation delivered its Final Report in December of 2000. It came at the end of a...

Research report

10 Apr 2003

This paper assesses some of the major costs for a range of offences. The cost of the crimes covered here amounts to $19 billion. Other costs (such as policing, prisons and the security industry) add nearly another $13 billion. The total estimated bill is nearly...

Research report

1 Dec 2002

Review of recent development in the field of econometrics and summative program evaluation. A central feature of recent developments is the attempt to allow for program impacts that vary across individuals. This contrasts with earlier econometric approaches which implicitly assumed a homogenous treatment effect.

Discussion paper

9 Apr 2003

This paper analyses the incidence and impact of unemployment among young Australians. It is argued that the scale and seriousness of the current youth problem are often overstated. There is no evidence that the aggregate unemployment experience of young Australians has changed over the last...

Submission

9 Apr 2003

In a major new study submitted to the Senate Inquiry into Poverty and Financial Hardship in Australia, the Australian Council of Social Service has called on the Government to halve child poverty and reduce the overall level of poverty in Australia by a quarter over...

Research report

9 Apr 2003

The Australian Study of Health and Relationships was conducted to find out more about the sexual health and behaviour of people living in Australia. There has never been a survey of this type done in this country. 19,307 randomly selected people aged between 16 and...

Research report

15 Dec 2003

On 27 March the Victorian parliament passed legislation significantly reforming the upper house. Among other things, the Constitution (Parliamentary Reform) Bill 2003 reconstituted the Council to consist of 40 members elected from eight regions with each region returning five members; provided for proportional representation with...

Research report

7 Apr 2003

Most housing policies directly or indirectly impact on the price that households pay for housing. This research has the aim of constructing a microsimulation model that is capable of measuring the impact of Commonwealth and State government housing programs on the prices that households pay...

Research report

3 Apr 2003

This new study reveals a serious imbalance in Australia's family payments. It shows that family assistance fails to rise in keeping with the higher cost of caring for older children and subsequently many low-income families with teenage children are at risk of deeper poverty than...

Article

3 Apr 2003

Democracy itself is being undermined by our preoccupation with economic growth, argues Clive Hamilton in this edited extract from his new book, Growth Fetish.

NO ISSUE more preoccupies the modern political process than economic growth. As never before, economic growth is the touchstone...

Research report

2 Apr 2003

This report, a project commissioned by the Brisbane City Council defines creative industries, building on sectors outlined by the UK Creative Industries Task Force, and the Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. It uses secondary data to outline Brisbane's...

Research report

2 Apr 2003

Opponents of university fees have linked declining fertility to student debt, to justify lower charges under the Higher Education Scheme (HECS). Andrew Norton argues that HECS has no impact on fertility - university educated people have fewer children, whether they are paying HECS or not....

Research report

2 Apr 2003

In his words of advice to a new generation of economic policy analysts, veteran government adviser Fred Argy cautions against what he terms 'economic fundamentalism', and the associated risks of policy extremism. He calls for vigilance in exposing the small but vocal band of extremists...

Conference paper

2 Apr 2003

Transcript of Michael Coper's paper to UNSW 2003 Constitutional Law Conference discussing the successes and failures of the High Court over the past 100 years.

Discussion paper

1 Apr 2003

This discussion paper tackles the dilemma of Indonesia's rapid economic growth amid a system of corruption and collusion. The author theorises that the political and institutional circumstances of Suharto's Indonesia were such that they gave the leader a powerful incentive to ensure that bribes were...

Discussion paper

1 Apr 2001

This paper examines the role of human resource development as a driver of growth for Australia. The focus is upon education and immigration as sources of human capital formation and upon associated policies for economic growth.

Research report

1 Apr 2003

Professor Pat Seyd, member of the International Advisory Committee of the Democratic Audit of Australia, has released major new findings that show citizens are not as disengaged as has been assumed in much of the recent literature on western democracies.

Discussion paper

1 Apr 2003

Using a panel of 81 source countries for the years 1971 to 1998, this paper develops and estimates a model to explain the level and source country composition of immigration to the United States since the early 1970s. It includes variables so far neglected in...

Presentation

1 Apr 2003

This paper by Philippine Supreme Court Justice Paganiban addresses the topic 'Paradigm Shifts in the Law and Legal Philosophy'. It covers a wide range of issues discussing Supreme Court decisions touching on economic globalization, WTO membership, deregulation and decentralization. It also deals with issues of...

Research report

1 Apr 2003

This paper by CDI Director Roland Rich, reviewes the rules of international law in relation to the use of force and the central role of the Security Council in the implementation of those rules. His paper then examines the politics behind that formal process and...

Research report

1 Apr 2003

This is the latest in a series of national surveys of Australian employees and their attitudes to unions and how these may have changed. Since the first survey in 1996 attitudes have become more positive Only 17% now think that Australia would be better off...

Research report

1 Apr 2003

Workplace drug and alcohol testing is increasing and is attracting much interest. However testing technology has outstripped both employees' and employers' legal protectins. It is imperative that tests are accurate and reliable, and that testing agencies are properly accredited. Drug and alcohol polices must protect...

Research report

30 Mar 2003

In examining home addresses of burglars and the addresses of their targets, Jerry Ratcliffe found that burglars did not, as expected, work in their own neighbourhood. Most burglars (77 per cent) travelled away from their home suburb to do their work, travelling an average of...