May 2003

Research report

2 Jun 2003

The aim of this note is to outline some of the deregulatory issues that have occurred in recent years outside the dominant National Electricity Market (NEM) of New South Wales and Victoria. The NEM comprises New South Wales, Victoria, the ACT, Queensland, South Australia and...

Research report

29 May 2003

In this paper Wendy Stone, Matthew Gray and Jody Hughes investigate the extent to which an individual's 'stock' of social capital relates to labour force outcomes, over and above more well established determinants. In particular, they examine how family and kinship networks, friends and neighbours...

Research report

29 May 2003

This research aimed to identify examples of best practice from around the world in the prevention of drug-related problems. Examples were drawn from five key areas: regulation of physical and economic availability of alcohol, regulation of physical and economic availability of illicit psychoactive substances, use...

Research report

28 May 2003

Unemployment, casualisation and underemployment have emerged as major issues for people at the bottom end of the labour market. Small regional economies like Tasmania have been particularly hard-hit by the impacts of labour market restructuring. This report reviews ABS data since the late 1970s, comparing...

Research report

26 May 2003

This paper follows the report of the Royal Commission into the Building Industry. The government has accepted the commission's arguments for the establishment of an Australian Building and Construction Commission with extensive powers. However, there is now a good deal of debate on those recommendations...

Research report

26 May 2003

Australia's peak indigenous body, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC), has been the focus of a great deal of media, political and public attention in recent months largely as a result of the changes to ATSIC announced by the Minister for Indigenous Affairs,...

Research report

26 May 2003

This paper examines the $30 billion in Commonwealth tax expenditures which provide tax benefits through deductions, rebates, reduced rates and deferred liabilities. While essentially the same as outlays, tax expenditures are not subject to the same scrutiny but provide the cosmetic effect of a slimmer...

Research report

26 May 2003

The Senate Order on Agency Contracts aims to ensure parliamentary scrutiny of government activities in the face of increased use of confidentiality as a ground to withhold information from the public and from parliament. This research note examines the Order and the government's response.

Research report

23 May 2003

Buprenorphine offers an alternative to methadone in the treatment of heroin addiction, and has the advantage of allowing alternate day dosing. However the comparative effectiveness and cost effectiveness of buprenorphine in practice has not been extensively studied. This study is the first to examine the...

Research report

23 May 2003

Carried out by the Australian Instutute of Criminology for the Australian Sports Commission, this study identified more than 600 programs for young people in Australia that focused on sport and physical activity. The study conducted a postal survey of these youth programs to identify which...

Research report

22 May 2003

In 2002, the Urban Frontiers Program was commissioned by the Western Sydney Regional Organisations of Councils (WSROC) to produce an in-depth social profile of Greater Western Sydney, which was released in late 2002. This report follows on from the first report titled, Western Sydney Social...

Discussion paper

22 May 2003

This paper considers the likely impact of reforms sought by the US pharmaceutical companies on the PBS system in Australia. The PBS system is currently effective in minimising the price paid by Australians to US pharmaceutical companies. If these price controls were relaxed it is...

Research report

22 May 2003

The NSW government has focused its urban regional policies on Western Sydney, the Illawarra, the Hunter and to an extent the Central Coast. Within these regional areas, over three million people reside. The importance of regions to the efficient functioning of the national economy is...

Research report

21 May 2003

The Federal Government is providing high income Australians with increasing amounts of 'well-off welfare'. This ACOSS analysis shows that six Government decisions over the past four years have added to a pie now worth $7.2 billion in unnecessary tax breaks and assistance that mainly goes...

Research report

20 May 2003

Generally, it is assumed that the family plays a key role in creating social capital in the community. Recent concern about community decline has been linked to widespread changes that have occurred within family life. It is argued that family 'breakdown' is in part responsible...

Research report

19 May 2003

Overview and context for a study surveying management and maintenance of housing and infrastructure in remote Indigenous communities across two states and consideration of capacity-building necessary for improvements.

Research report

19 May 2003

What approaches are currently being pursued in Australia by community housing providers as lead agencies to strengthen communities? This is the primary research question this project examines. In doing this it aims to provide a better basis for understanding the contribution that community housing can...

Research report

19 May 2003

Overview and context of the project which seeks to develop clear methodologies for a sustainability assessment, relevant to affordable housing and urban development. This will enable a cross-sectional 'triple-bottom line' assessment of the two different land planning and development types, including the surveying of relative...

Research report

15 May 2003

In this paper the authors offer a reading of some of the ways in which education and education policy, mainly in the so-called developed countries, are changing under the pressures of globalisation. It seeks to identify broad patterns and emergent and intensifying trends and issues....

Research report

15 May 2003

In this inaugural Melbourne Asia Policy Paper, Professor Paul Dibb of Australian National Unversity (ANU) examines the pros and cons of Australia's close alliance with the United States and its impact on our Asian relations. The Melbourne Asia Policy Papers aim to strengthen Australia's engagement...

Research report

13 May 2003

The Commonwealth government's 2002-03 Intergenerational Report is one in a series of reports required by the Charter of Budget Honesty Act. While there are differing opinions as to the accuracy of the fiscal projections made in the report and the appropriateness of the policy responses...

Research report

13 May 2003

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) has highlighted the potentially severe threat posed by infectious diseases to modern economies. This Research Note surveys the evidence.

Research report

14 May 2003

The term 'universalism' is currently undergoing a revival in the Australian policy debate. Politicians and commentators from across the political spectrum are using the term in reference to the recently proposed changes to Medicare. Much of the debate focuses on whether Medicare has ever been...

Research report

14 May 2003

One of the ripples to flow out from the attacks on 11 September 2001 was the requirement for greater security at America's ports. Coming from one of Australia's largest trading partners, the US Container Security Initiative has significant implications for future policy direction, in particular...

Research report

14 May 2003

The authors describe Australia's Higher Education Contribution Scheme (HECS), and analyse its impact on the social composition of university participation before and after the introduction of HECS. Their findings suggest that income contingent charging systems for higher education have the potential to protect the access...

Research report

14 May 2003

In a paper prepared for the Democratic Audit of Australia, Graeme Orr of Griffith University's Law School argues that one significant group of Australian citizens is in large part excluded from voting. They are persons under sentence of imprisonment. The paper questions the various grounds...

Research report

13 May 2003

Migrants are a disadvantaged group in the Australian labour market. Apart from rates of unemployment that are much higher than those experienced by the Australian born, they also have far lower rates of labour force participation. While lower rates of participation by migrants may be...

Research report

13 May 2003

This brief provides an overview of the trafficking of women and children into the Australian sex industry in the context of the global trade in people trafficking. It examines why there have been no prosecutions of traffickers under existing Commonwealth laws. It explains how Australia's...

Research report

13 May 2003

Beginning by by examining the numbers of women in Australian parliaments, particularly in NSW and at federal level, this paper looks at the extent to which women are represented in various political parties and in more senior political positions. The paper explores why women remain...

Research report

13 May 2003

Kayoko Tsumori argues that 'earnings credit', proposed by the 'Five Economists' in 1998 will not sufficiently decrease joblessness in Australia, and may in fact encourage welfare dependency. The earnings credit, though disguised as a tax credit, is just another form of welfare benefit. She suggests...

Research report

13 May 2003

What can secondary schools do to develop lifelong learning skills? ACER conducted research into lifelong learning in 1999-2000 to identify key educational concepts that are argued to provide the foundations for lifelong learning. ACER has now produced a second report that extends the research in...

Research report

13 May 2003

In many ways the election was a re-run of the election held in Victoria just 16 weeks before. A Labor government's popularity had remained solid since the previous election: a popular, but policy-cautious premier retained a high degree of community support; the Liberal Party had...

Research report

13 May 2003

The first step has been taken towards a resolution of the North Korean nuclear crisis. But the 23-25 April trilateral negotiations held in Beijing, involving the United States, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and China may have raised as many questions as provided answers....

Research report

9 May 2003

For the last five years, Australia's human rights record has been under critical scrutiny by all six UN human rights treaty committees. The nation's internationally acknowledged leadership in this arena is now seriously in question. A close study of the committee reports discloses a worrying...

Research report

7 May 2003

The Howard government has asserted that Australia's interests are global rather than regional. In the context of historical foreign policy debates , the new White Paper, Advancing the National Interest , retains some of the language of engagement with East Asia, but the ardour of...

Research report

7 May 2003

This project has two objectives: to describe the role of housing markets and housing policies in influencing the locational choice and geographic mobility of income support recipients and other low-income groups; and to analyse the relationship between housing location and employment opportunities, using statistical methods...

Briefing paper

13 May 2003

The major companies in the HIH Insurance Group (HIH) were placed in provisional liquidation on 15 March 2001. The losses and hardship inflicted on the Australian community by this corporate failure have been significant and have been a major contributing factor to the current insurance...

Research report

7 May 2003

The recently released defence document Australia's National Security: A Defence Update , was intended to present the implications for national security policy assessed as the result of recent changes in Australia's strategic environment, most notably the emergence of global terrorism. Derek Woolner argues that this...

Research report

7 May 2003

This paper provides a preliminary comparative analysis of the learning experiences of students from The Smith Family's 'Learning for Life' (LFL) program and other students from low socio-economic backgrounds. The analysis is based on data from a survey of Year 11 LFL students conducted in...

Research report

7 May 2003

Professor Hughes analyses the causes of economic stagnation that are making the Pacific islands an 'arc of instability' threatening Australia's security. Aid, far from helping the Pacific to grow, has damaged it, making it possible for Pacific governments to pursue extravagant policies unsuitable for small...

Research report

7 May 2003

The policy document Advancing the National Interest reveals much about the Howard government's understanding of contemporary economic and geopolitical realities. The author questions the government's pursuit of a free trade agreement with the United States which puts our economic relationship on a parallel footing to...

Research report

7 May 2003

Use of the term 'unreasonable veto' and Howard's support for pre-emptive military action demonstrate a form of revisionism that will engender instability, unpredictability, and uncertainty in the world. The author argues that Australia and its pro-war coalition have introduced a new element in the UN...

Commentary

Article

1 May 2003

As a nation, Australia will pay more for healthcare if the government’s Medicare changes are implemented, argues Gwen Gray

THE federal government’s new bulk billing policies are 100 per cent in line with the Prime Minister’s publicly stated view that Medicare is an...

Research report

1 May 2003

Despite the challenges and problems that confront young people today, many find their lives to be satisfying, rich and full. In this article Diana Smart and Ann Sanson discuss the nature and antecedents of a key attribute which fosters well being and interpersonal relationships -...

Research report

1 May 2003

A considerable amount of research has now been undertaken in response to the emerging phenomenon of self-represented litigants in the Family Court. Some of this research has been concerned with the impact of legal aid cuts. Other studies have documented how the presence of self-represented...

Research report

1 May 2003

There is now documented evidence that adverse events associated with medical interventions have a seriously deleterious affect on population health. But this literature does not indicate whether or not the net affect of an increase in the doctor supply is positive or negative. There are...

Research report

1 May 2003

In this paper, delivered on 16 April 2003 at Parliament House, Melbourne, Cherie Booth QC discusses a post-war aspiration come true. The ICC represents the possibility that wartime atrocities can be appropriately punished and, as a result, that the very existence of the ICC may...

Research report

1 May 2003

In this paper, an opening address to the EU enlargement conference in Canbera, Foreign Minister Alexander Downer discusses the opportunity that the imminent expansion of the EU offers for tackling global security and trade challenges. He expands particularly on areas where Australia's interests are strongly...

Research report

1 May 2003

Few events in the last half-century have recast Australia's international circumstances and outlook quite like Britain's economic integration with Europe. This reorientation of British commercial policy left its mark on most of the big issues of Australian external policy, from the role of the US...

Research report

1 May 2003

This paper examines the quality and inter-temporal comparability of ABS income distribution survey data by comparing aggregates derived from the surveys to external data such as population estimates, labour force data and the National Accounts. Issues discussed include mis-reporting of income, and differences in scope,...

Research report

1 May 2003

There have been important changes over the last 25 years in the way in which men and women form partnered relationships. David de Vaus, Lixia Qu and Ruth Weston argue that taking a longer-term perspective provides a better understanding of these trends. Within the last...