June 2003

Research report

31 Dec 2002

Increased demand for assistance from families and communities has led to a substantial reinvestment in a rapidly changing family support sector. In this paper, a number of central themes in the development and provision of family support are explored, particularly as they apply to the...

Research report

30 Jun 2003

Over the last twenty years there has been a substantial increase in the proportion of lone mothers employed part-time, while the proportion employed full-time is much the same in 2002 as it was in 1983. The experience of couple mothers is quite different, with both...

Research report

29 Jun 2003

A joint research project by the Brotherhood of St Laurence, the St Vincent de Paul Society and the Centre for Public Policy, University of Melbourne, has found the more barriers to employment a person has, the less helpful they experienced the system to be. The...

Research report

28 Jun 2003

Non-lodgers, or non-filers as they are often known, are individuals who do not lodge or file a tax return. By not lodging a tax return statement these people are not part of 'the system' and are rarely included in research. This research note provides an...

Research report

28 Jun 2003

This report examines the factors influencing the distribution of wealth between generations. It shows that, while the parents of baby boomers have increasing wealth, it does not necessarily follow that this wealth will fall into the boomers' laps. The report looks at some of the...

Research report

27 Jun 2003

On some occasions, the act of homicide is a 'side effect' or unplanned consequence of another criminal act, for example robbery or sexual assault. Of the 4,108 homicide incidents that occurred in Australia between 1989 and 2002, 542 (13%) occurred in the course of another...

Essay

3 Jun 2003

The term "war against terrorism" must be understood in a political and not a legal sense. Since the advent of the United Nations Charter in 1945 war is no longer a right of states. The use of force must be restricted to the circumstances allowed...

Research report

27 Jun 2003

Australian state and federal governments spend a large amount of money on providing housing assistance to Australian households. This housing assistance takes a variety of forms. It includes the provision of public housing, subsidies for low-income renters in the private sector and various forms of...

Research report

23 Jun 2003

The process by which the Australian Constitution is amended is complex and probably little understood by the general community. This paper is an attempt to explain the politics involved in efforts to amend the Constitution. It concludes that more efforts are likely to fail than...

Research report

25 Jun 2003

At present, adult Australians spend $13,839 million a year on gambling, or $901 per adult per year. However, with increasing opportunities and venues for gambling, public concern about 'problem gambling' has grown. This paper examines one of the principal social costs of gambling, namely, gambling...

Research report

23 Jun 2003

Australia's domestic security agency, the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO), is responsible for collecting and analysing intelligence of relevance to Australia's national security, and advising Government accordingly. As specified in the ASIO Act 1979, ASIO's investigations are restricted to only those activities involving espionage, sabotage,...

Research report

23 Jun 2003

This Research Note provides brief answers to a few commonly asked questions about the double dissolution process.

Policy

23 Jun 2003

The path towards a resolution of the North Korean nuclear crisis remains difficult given both the lack of politically tenable options and the powerful constraints on these options. This paper explores these options and constraints.

Working paper

24 Jun 2003

This report aims to provide insight into the industrial agreement-making process in Australian businesses. The analysis is based on data drawn from the ABL Workplace Agreements Survey 2001. The survey collected data on the expectations associated with agreement making, the operation of agreements, the level...

Research report

23 Jun 2003

After a promising period of relative peace in the Indonesian province of Aceh, the ceasefire of December 2002 has collapsed and the military has begun a new offensive. This brief provides a background to the history of the conflict in Aceh and recent developments. It...

Research report

24 Jun 2003

In a paper prepared for the Democratic Audit of Australia, Lisa Hill notes that Australia's system of compulsory voting enjoys high levels of community acceptance but has its critics. She argues that compulsory voting serves the value of equality of political opportunity as well as...

Research report

24 Jun 2003

In a paper prepared for the Democratic Audit of Australia, George Winterton argues that the Hollingworth Affair has crystallised what had for some time been immanent, but perhaps not obvious: the public's sense of ownership and demand for accountability of this once obscure and remote,...

Research report

24 Jun 2003

This project concerns one segment of the marginal housing market: the caravan sector. It aims to increase understanding of the extent to which low-income caravan park residents are at risk of homelessness.

Working paper

22 Jun 2003

Drawing on unpublished ABS data, Clive Hamilton concludes that nearly one third of adult Australians rely on medications, alcohol or illicit drugs for metnal well-being. The report shows that men are more likely to seek refuge in alcohol while women are more likely to turn...

Research report

20 Jun 2003

Intelligence led policing is now a term in common usage within Australian law enforcement. This paper considers the origins, definition and aims of intelligence led policing, as well as a model of how it should work, through interpretation of the criminal environment, influence on decision...

Research report

17 Jun 2003

Situational crime prevention is a primary prevention measure, directed at stopping crime problems before they occur. It focuses on reducing crime opportunities rather than on the characteristics of criminals or potential criminals. Situational prevention seeks to reduce opportunities for specific categories of crime by increasing...

Conference proceedings

1 May 2003

The sexual exploitation of children, both males and females, has only been officially acknowledged in the last few decades. One of the key issues is the experiences of child complainants of sexual abuse in the justice system. An AIC conference sought to provide academics, researchers,...

Research report

20 Jun 2003

The family is viewed by most people as providing a nurturing and loving environment. But for some, the family environment can be deadly. In Australia, almost two in five homicides occur between family members, with an average of 129 family homicides each year. This paper...

Commentary

Article

20 Jun 2003

IT IS my intention to look to the future; to assess the directions that the refugee debate and refugee policy might take in Australia and elsewhere in coming months and years. But before looking forward, it is important to remind ourselves of the point we...

Research report

19 Jun 2003

This project brought together key Australian experts in the field of household projections and econometric modelling to formulate and develop a set of projection methods and techniques suited specifically to Australian needs and resources. The project involves consultation with users about their needs and the...

Working paper

19 Jun 2003

Environmental management has traditionally taken place within the bounds of the nation-state, with no obligation to consider neighbouring countries or the world as a whole. Many issues cannot be adequately addressed in this context. For example, the conservation of marine mammals requires the protection of...

Briefing paper

30 May 2006

Introduction

Although Australia's media ownership laws have remained unchanged for over a decade, debate on the desirability of reform has continued unabated. This debate has been fuelled by the advent of new media technologies, a number of inquiries proposing regulatory changes, and the self-interest...

Research report

16 Jun 2003

It is thought that because women now make up approximately half of Australia's university students, and more than half of all staff employed in Australian universities, that gender equity in Australian higher education is no longer an issue which requires attention. This Brief illustrates however,...

Research report

16 Jun 2003

The Australian airline industry has experienced major changes to its policy and operating environment over the past decade, culminating in very turbulent economic conditions over the past two years. This paper analyses these upheavals and some of the threshold issues arising, particularly in relation to...

Research report

16 Jun 2003

Raids conducted by the Australian Federal Police (AFP) in June 2003 on the homes of Iranian Australians reportedly suspected of involvement with the Iranian opposition group, the MeK, have raised questions about the justification for such action, particularly as the MeK is not a proscribed...

Research report

18 Jun 2003

In July 1997 the Australian Broadcasting Authority recommended to the federal government that it support the early introduction of digital television into Australia. It considered that it should be a free-to-air service rather than a form of pay TV and it endorsed the loan of...

Research report

18 Jun 2003

In this paper Jane Kenway, Elizabeth Bullen and Simon Robb examine some of the ways in which education and education policy, mainly in the 'developed' countries, are changing under the pressures of globalisation. It seeks to identify broad patterns and emergent and intensifying trends and...

Research report

16 Jun 2003

This publication is a summary of Australia and Refugees, 1901-2002: an Annotated Chronology Based on Official Sources. It is intended as a brief overview of the development of Australia's intake and policy responses from 1901 to 2002. It also includes some useful statistical tables. Over...

Working paper

18 Jun 2003

This paper reports on the findings and policy implications of a study that used both qualitative and quantitative methods to investigate mothers' decision making with respect to the interlinked issues of the care of their preschool children and their own employment.

Commentary

Article

16 Jun 2003

No concept is more central to the work of teachers than the concept of growth. Educators use many different terms to describe cognitive, affective and personal growth, including 'learning', 'development', 'progress' and 'improvement'. However we describe it, the concept of individual growth lies at the...

Research report

16 Jun 2003

The library is an important but sometimes overlooked part of a school. Research shows that school libraries can have a positive impact on a range of learning areas, including reading scores, literacy, and broader learning.

Research report

13 Jun 2003

Is John Howard right to call the Senate a house of obstruction, asks Shaun Wilson. A plurality of Australians prefer a non-government controlled Senate, and this is the strong preference of a large number of Australians who think government is run by for big interests....

Research report

13 Jun 2003

This report investigates the institutional, legislative and political parameters affecting the housing activities of local governments in New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria. It also identifies opportunities to enhance this involvement.

Research report

12 Jun 2003

This report concerns unfair contractual terms contained in mobile phone standard forms of agreement. Since the CLC last reported on contract terms in 2001, the industry has made progress in developing the ACIF Guideline on Consumer Contracts. The object of this 2003 report is to...

Conference paper

11 Jun 2003

The intention of this briefing is to indicate what legal avenues apply to controlling inappropriate workplace conduct, and what are the emerging issues in this area. There are also significant issues regarding corporate and individual liability for such conduct, and there have been a number...

Research report

11 Jun 2003

This Report recommends a new framework to achieve good governance practice for tertiary education institutions (TEIs) in New Zealand. The governance practice of TEIs in New Zealand is not seriously flawed, but there is considerable room for improvement, particularly in clarifying the roles and responsibilities...

Research report

11 Jun 2003

Peter Saunders and Kayoko Tsumori outline a proposal to move lone parents whose children are at school off welfare and into work as part of a broader strategy of poverty eradication. Getting sole parents into work would greatly reduce poverty, since joblessness is the biggest...

Research report

10 Jun 2003

This report reviews the international and Australian research literature on numeracy in early childhood that complements the Department of Education, Science and Training's major review of the numeracy literature being undertaken by Deakin University. While this major review is designed to 'map the territory' in...

Research report

6 Jun 2003

This paper was presented at the Workshop on trafficking in human beings, especially women and children, 12th Session of the UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, Vienna, on 15 May 2003. The workshop included regional overviews on trafficking as well as presentations by...

Research report

5 Jun 2003

Workplace violence has been defined as "incidents where persons are abused, threatened or assaulted in circumstances related to their work, involving an explicit or implicit challenge to their safety, well-being or health". In this paper, presented at the Security in Government Conference 2003, AIC director...

Commentary

Article

5 Jun 2003

Frank Lowy’s move to fund a new policy institute is bold and creative, says Michael Liffman

IT MAY BE no coincidence that within days of being listed as one of Australia’s richest men, Frank Lowy announced last week a personal gift of $30...

Research report

4 Jun 2003

This CDI Annual Address delivered by Dr Surin Pitsuwan, former Foreign Minister of Thailand provides a thought provoking asessment of Islam's ability to promote democracy in the age of globalization and modernity. Dr Surin believes the success of Muslims in Thailand to effectively embrace modernity...

Research report

3 Jun 2003

Although "crime reduction" and "crime prevention" are essentially the same things -- combinations of actions designed to eliminate and/or minimise the occurrence of crime and the harm associated with it - they do imply slightly different goals. This edition of AICrime Reductions Matters, a fortnightly...

Research report

2 Jun 2003

Claims by the federal government that Australia is potentially at risk of an attack by Hezbollah, a group blamed for a number of terrorist attacks worldwide, have led to the introduction of amendments to the criminal code which would provide a mechanism to proscribe Hezbollah....

Research report

4 Jun 2003

This paper examines subsidies that encourage production or consumption of fossil fuels in Australia. In 2001-02, identified subsidies to fossil fuels amounted to almost $9 billion. Of these, around $8 billion worth increased greenhouse gas emissions and around $5 billion worth decreased economic efficiency. Most...

Research report

4 Jun 2003

A national survey of 6,000 taxpayers involved in tax planning schemes was conducted by the Australian National University in 2002. The survey examined taxpayers' views of the ATO, the tax system and the ATO's approach toward dealing with the schemes issue. One finding suggest that...

Research report

2 Jun 2003

The decision of the Bush administration to impose tariff increases on steel imports threatened to cause further harm to the global steel industry, already suffering from oversupply and depressed prices. However, with the majority of Australian steel exports exempted from the tariff increases, the result...

Research report

2 Jun 2003

In 2002 private health insurance premiums increased by 6.9 per cent, the first increase in premiums since the introduction of a number of incentives designed to increase private health insurance membership and constrain premium increases. In response to the continued growth in premiums the Commonwealth...

Research report

2 Jun 2003

This update of a chronology first released in 2000 describes the major changes that have taken place in the Australian Public Service since the 1970s, focusing on changes in the areas of accountability, openness, equity, and efficiency. The chronology is supplemented by tables of parliamentary...

Research report

1 Jun 2003

Many causes of poor health in Australia are related to the social determinants of health, including lack of income, inadequate housing, poor education and low levels of social connectedness. To support the health and wellbeing of all Australians, integrated and comprehensive approaches are required in...

Research report

1 Jun 2003

Jayo Wickremarachchi and Andrew Passey look at formal co-operatives, which are organisations registered under the relevant co-operatives legislation, and which follow an approved set of rules and regulations. Such rules, while complying with the legal requirements, give effect to broad co-operative values, such as mutual...