July 2003

Report

21 Jul 2003

In the 2003-04 Budget the federal government proposed changes to the way some fuels are taxed. The proposals, if implemented, would have important consequences. This Current Issues Brief examines the background to the proposals and their possible consequences.

Discussion paper

31 Jul 2003

ATSIC elections since 1990 have used the Commonwealth Electoral Roll as a large under-specified list of potential voters. Dissatisfaction with this arrangement within the Tasmanian Aboriginal community led to a trial roll of Indigenous electors being drawn up for the 2002 ATSIC elections in that...

Discussion paper

31 Jul 2003

Concerns have been expressed for some time by Indigenous community leaders, analysts, government agencies, and local service providers about the accuracy of census counts for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in Queensland. Recent reclassification of these communities as Local Government Areas has heightened these...

Discussion paper

31 Jul 2003

The 'error of closure' is the population growth that cannot be accounted for either by natural increase or by quantifiable non-demographic factors. The term is somewhat misleading: since it incorporates all unquantifiable components of the increase in a population count, it is unlikely ever to...

Report

31 Jul 2003

Much of the symbolic and rights aspects of the reconciliation process are being undertaken at the state, local and community level, rather than federally. Yet the commitment of federal government is vital. Without it, argue Sean Brennan, Vanessa Bosnjak and George Williams, the reconciliation process...

Discussion paper

31 Jul 2003

John Taylor examines 1996 and 2001 Census data to establish recent changes in Indigenous and non-Indigenous employment and income status in the Northern Territory. Also explored are some of the constraints and opportunities facing Indigenous people in their effort to increase their share of Territory...

Report

21 Jul 2003

During the 1996 federal election the Coalition announced that it would legislate to allow employees to choose where their superannuation contributions were paid (choice of fund). The current choice of fund bill is the third attempt to implement the 1996 election announcement.

The Australian...

Report

31 Jul 2003

Death from heroin overdose, in particular, rivals the road toll in destroying lives, especially among young Australians. This report is based on intensive fieldwork in three study areas: inner Melbourne (Fitzroy-Collingwood); Geelong and Sydney (Fairfield-Cabramatta). These areas have been carefully chosen to include an inner...

Report

16 Jul 2003

Australia has had a baby boom and a baby bust. Are we likely to have a baby bounce - an increase in the average number of babies women have in their lifetime? This Current Issues Brief examines the available data.

Report

30 Jul 2003

Gambling duties or taxes are a vital source of funding to the New south Wales government and the industry directly employs over 35,000 people. But between 1 and 2 per cent of the adult population, depending on the definition, incur significant difficulties and costs from...

Report

30 Jun 2003

The aim of this paper is to explain why time use data are essential for analyzing issues of gender equity and the intra-household allocation of resources, for comparing living standards and for estimating the behavioural effects of changes in policy variables.

Discussion paper

30 Jul 2003

In this paper the authors investigate if there was a causal effect of changes in current and 'permanent' income on the health of East Germans in the years following reunification. Reunification was completely unanticipated and therefore can be seen as providing some exogenous variation, which...

Report

30 Jul 2003

In a paper prepared for the Democratic Audit of Australia Will Sanders concludes that, on grounds of electoral administration, participation and representation, ATSIC does deserves some support, as a reasonably democratic attempt to develop an elected national Indigenous representative structure. ATSIC elections do seem to...

Other text

23 Jul 2003

As a new nation building its own democracy, East Timor is drawing from the experiences and information of other nations accordingly. CDI, under a program of cooperation with Federal Court of Australia, developed an observational study tour that brought two East Timorese judges to Darwin...

Report

23 Jul 2003

The use of electronic monitoring has the potential to improve the cost-effectiveness of correctional programs, provide enhanced opportunities for offender rehabilitation and extend the range of sentences available to the courts. However, despite the fact that electronic monitoring has been in use for at least...

Report

22 Jul 2003

Both Commonwealth and state governments are committed to growing the community housing sector as an independent, complementary social housing system. This will require new investment, new partnerships and an increased capacity to manage more flexibly. A major obstacle to these objectives is the lack of...

Report

30 May 2003

This paper presents a summary of findings from a report to the Criminology Research Council on the experiences of child complainants of sexual abuse in the criminal justice system in three Australian jurisdictions: Queensland, New South Wales and Western Australia. The aim of the research...

Working paper

21 Jul 2003

The proposal that poverty ought to be regarded as a violation of human rights and therefore as a condition that ought to be abolished has been presented as 'a new paradigm in the fight against poverty'. In this essay Tom Campbell explores this proposal from...

Report

21 Jul 2003

This is research report number 31 in the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) research program. Among the report's key findings is that many early school leavers progress well in the first few years after leaving school. Taken together, the results indicate that during the...

Report

18 Jul 2003

The Queensland Drug Court is a pilot program established under legislation as a sentencing option within the Queensland Magistrates' Court. The AIC was commissioned to evaluate the pilot in terms of the level of drug dependency in the community, the level of criminal activity associated...

Report

18 Jul 2003

This quarterly census compiled by Michael Bareja and Kate Charlton provides aggregate information on the number of juveniles detained according to their gender, age, Indigenous status, and legal status (remanded or sentenced). Since 1981, there has been a general decline in the number of persons...

Conference paper

17 Jul 2003

Although the general community's perception of Deaf people is associated with disability, the Deaf community views itself as a language group. Nonetheless, the Deaf community is politically aligned with the disability community because of such a perspective, as well as disability-based legislation which potentially assures...

Journal article

17 Jul 2003

What are the motives, arrangements, and reflections of separated parents who spend equal time with their children? This paper aims to provide some insights by drawing on qualitative data derived from a series of focus groups. Participants were recruited through a story in a Melbourne...

Report

16 Jul 2003

A deep and widespread crisis in political legitimacy emerges from the first-ever Global Corruption Barometer. Nearly one third (29.7 percent) of those polled saw the elimination of corruption from their political parties as their paramount concern. The courts (13.7 percent) and the police (11.5 percent)...

Report

16 Jul 2003

Jonathan Bradshaw and Naomi Finch (Department of Social Policy and Social Work, University of York) and Tony Eardley (SPRC) have recently completed a comparative study of child benefit packages in 22 countries. This paper reviews how the structure and level of the Australian package compares...

Working paper

1 Jul 2003

There are still more than 620,000 unemployed people in Australia and an estimated 589,000 underemployed workers. Data collected for The Australia Institute by Newspoll suggests that 52 per cent of full-time employees would be willing to forgo a four per cent pay rise in order...

Working paper

16 Jul 2003

Reconciliation is often discussed in terms of restoring moral community, initiated by the perpetrator's acknowledgement of the wrongfulness of his or her act, followed by remorse and reparation, which opens the way for forgiveness and, ultimately, the restoration of community. In this paper, Andrew Schaap...

Report

15 Jul 2003

This paper explores the issues surrounding alcohol abuse in light of the NSW government's announcement that an Alcohol Summit is to be held in August 2003. The paper examines the current drinking behaviour of Australians and the costs and benefits associated with the consumption of...

Working paper

14 Jul 2003

In January 2002 the competitive electricity market was opened to include Victorian and New South Wales domestic electricity customers. This research surveyed Victoria households to obtain an understanding of their initial experience of the new market (full retail competition). It was anticipated that corporate strategies...

Technical report

14 Jul 2003

Late in 2000 NATSEM was awarded a three-year Australian Research Council Strategic Partnership with Industry Research and Training (SPIRT) grant. Among other things, the grant involves adding an indicator of socioeconomic status to patient-based hospitals administrative datasets for New South Wales over the period 1996-97...

Conference paper

14 Jul 2003

An analysis of Australian Bureau of Statistics Time Use Survey 1997 shows that parents who make use of non-parental childcare do not reduce their parental childcare time on an hour for hour basis. By comparing the time-use of employed fathers, employed mothers and mothers who...

Report

14 Jul 2003

The introduction of A New Tax System in July 2000 included substantial changes to social security payments, including family assistance and child care subsidies. Most of these payments are income tested, so that as a family's income increases the amount of government assistance they receive...

Conference proceedings

30 Jul 2003

Running 9–11 July 2003 at the University of New South Wales, the Australian Social Policy Conference is a key item on the Australian social policy calendar. The 2003 conference looks at the growing international debate over how social structures and policies exclude certain residents or...

Conference paper

10 Jul 2003

The extensive literature on smoking behaviour has focused on numerous aspects such as the factors that influence the decision to start smoking and, for those who smoke, what factors influence their level of consumption and the decision to quit. This study considers the impact of...

Report

10 Jul 2003

This study uses time series estimates of the long-run growth rates of 17 OECD countries, and argues that: there are few, if any, feasible policies available that have a significant effect on long run growth rates; and any policies that can raise national growth rates...

Report

9 Jul 2003

In a paper prepared for the PSP's Democratic Audit of Australia, Harry Evans, the Clerk of the Senate, comments on the Prime Minister's recent proposals to reform the Senate. He notes that the proposals aim at ensuring government legislation is passed and rejects claims that...

Report

9 Jul 2003

This report provides an Australian-focused analysis and discussion of the results from the international study, Teaching Mathematics in Seven Countries: Results from the TIMSS 1999 Video Study, which was released earlier this year. The examination of videotapes of 87 randomly selected Year 8 mathematics classes...

Report

9 Jul 2003

In a number of western democracies such as Australia and Canada populism is increasing its impact on public discourse. Populism seeks to mobilise opposition to elites in the name of the people - argues Marian Sawer, in this paper presented at the Us and Them...

Report

1 May 2003

The ABF had its suspicions that different approaches to infrastructure could lead to greater economic benefits for three of Australia's most well-established industrial regions. This report is the end result of a two-year action research project involving key infrastructure experts and stakeholders. The project takes...

Conference paper

9 Jul 2003

In an increasingly globalised community it is becoming more difficult for governments to have large influence over, particularly, economic outcomes. To the extent that economic outcomes influence voting behaviour this has obvious electoral and political implications. Moreover, even if electoral outcomes are linked to issues...

Conference paper

9 Jul 2003

In this paper, presented at the Us and Them workshop, Carol Johnson discusses of key Australian examples of populist discourse on elites, and constructions of 'us' and 'them', comparing and contrasting those forms with examples from Canada, the UK and Europe and also drawing attention...

Discussion paper

8 Jul 2003

This report highlights the low level of annual leave available to most Australian employees when compared to the amount of leave available to European workers. A survey commissioned by The Australia Institute found that 57 per cent of full-time employees did not take their full...

Report

8 Jul 2003

Wolf Klaphake was a German inventor who migrated to Australia in 1935. From 1940 to 1944, he was interned as an enemy alien. His story – which has echoes in the current debate about refugees and asylum seekers – is told in a National Archives...

Report

4 Jul 2003

Catherine Robinson provides a framework for the understanding of, and development of policy responses to, the tenuous housing trajectories of homeless people with mental disorders.

Conference paper

26 May 2003

In this paper Janna Thompson concentrates on 'reconciliation' - its adequacy, meaning and requirements. But, because the possibility of reconciliation as acknowledgment and recompense for past wrongs depends on an idea of collective responsibility which, she uses the debate about apology to explain why citizens...

Working paper

2 Jul 2003

Are we responsible for our beliefs? This is not - just - the question whether we can be culpably ignorant; if we can be morally responsible for our beliefs, then we might also be praiseworthy for some of them. Examining the extent to which we...

Conference paper

2 Jul 2003

The decision by the United Nations General Assembly in December 20011 to establish the Ad Hoc Committee on a Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities represents an important step on the path towards...

Working paper

2 Jul 2003

Demands for restitution of 'cultural property' have become increasingly insistent in recent decades. The campaign of the Greek government for the return of the Elgin (or Parthenon) Marbles is well known, but there are many other examples. In this paper Janna Thompson argues that there...

Presentation

29 Oct 2004

Longer working hours, the casualisation of the workforce, declining birth rates, parental leave, the 'mummy track', the success or failure of feminism - the levels of passion, vitriol, despair and guilt these subjects engender attest to the importance Australians place on them. In this new...

Chapter

2 Jul 2003

This chapter from a forthcoming book focuses on one aspect of the critique concerning the centrality of state law to regulation. Colin Scott argues for shifting the focus of analysis from state law to the wider range of norms and mechanisms through control is asserted...

Report

2 Jul 2003

The commercial sex industry in NSW continues to attract media attention as communities throughout the state grapple with the vexed issue of where to locate legal brothels. This report reviews the regulatory environment in other states. In NSW, brothels need town planning permission only. Somewhat...

Report

2 Jul 2003

Do grown up children have obligations to their parents? Do the younger members of a society have obligations to their elders? Most people think that the question in both cases is answered by an appeal to the benefits which those now old conferred on the...

Report

1 Jul 2003

This is the text of this year's Blackburn Lecture for the Law Society of the ACT, delivered by the Federal Chief Magistrate, Diana Bryant. Among other things, she reflects on the first three years' operations of the Federal Magistrates Court.

Report

1 Jul 2003

This working paper from the National Centre for Epidemiology & Population Health outlines a model of the Australian private health insurance industry embedded within Australia's broader health services structure. The model is used to examine issues such as adverse selection and risk differentiation, and policies...

Commentary

Article

1 Jul 2003

What determines the choice of residential location for workforceage income support recipients? Do jobseekers tend to move toward or away from areas with greater employment opportunities? Does location matter for employment outcomes? In the main article in the latest SPRC newsletter, Bruce Bradbury and Jenny...

Report

1 Jul 2003

In the Northern Territory the rate of Indigenous child removal is very low when compared to the rates for Indigenous children in other States and Territories and only marginally higher than the rate of child removal for all children across Australia (AIHW 2000).

Regrettably...

Report

1 Jul 2003

Nicole Billante argues that a visible police presence in the community and increased police resources must form a key part of a crime prevention strategy in Australia. She analyses successful policing initiatives which have dramatically reduced crime in America and Britain, to argue that Australian...