August 2003

Research report

29 Aug 2003

This long-term study tracking children born into low and high-income families reveals some families remain trapped in poverty despite a decade of economic growth in Australia. The report is the sixth stage of the Brotherhood's Life Chances Study, which has followed a group of children...

Research report

28 Aug 2003

Recent legal challenges to the detention of asylum seekers in Australia have exposed some limits on the power of the executive government to detain asylum seekers. Kristie Dunn and Jessica Howard set out the legal basis for the current mandatory detention regime in Australia, discuss...

Research report

28 Aug 2003

The publication of Tim Rowse's biography of H.C. Coombs provides an appropriate context to further explore the life of Coombs. In particular, the relationship between Coombs and his environment is an important consideration, given Coombs' iconic status in 'progressive' circles in Australia. Inquiry into the...

Research report

27 Aug 2003

The cross-examination of complainants of sexual offences is a contentious issue. In one sense, it may be characterised as a conflict between the rights of a person accused of a serious crime with the rights of an alleged victim who may have already survived an...

Research report

27 Aug 2003

Paper by Jane Drake-Brockman, Convenor of the Australian Services Roundtable in the lead up to the WTO Ministerial Meeting in Cancun, Mexico. Drake-Brockman argues the inclusion of trade and environment as a mainstream item for "rules" negotiation is testimony to the commercial determination of the...

Research report

27 Aug 2003

In this paper Jon Altman and Peter Whitehead explore how Indigenous community-based natural resource management can generate both conservation benefit and economic development opportunity.

Research report

26 Aug 2003

The expulsion of an MP is an example of the power of a parliament to regulate its own constitution and composition for the purpose of preserving its dignity and efficiency, as well as to preserve public confidence in the institution. It is an ultimate sanction...

Commentary

Article

25 Aug 2003

THE Constitutional Convention held in Adelaide over the weekend of 8-10 August was the second convention devoted to consideration of the South Australian constitution and the first held as a ‘deliberative poll’.1 The impetus for the 2003 convention and the decision to use deliberative polling...

Research report

21 Aug 2003

This report identifies a broadening in subject selection by Australian Year 12 students over the past decade. More students are opting for vocationally oriented subjects rather than the key learning areas of English, mathematics, society and environment and the sciences.

Working paper

20 Aug 2003

This paper examines before and after conditions surrounding the opening of the Mays Hill to Prospect section of the M4 Motorway in Sydney's west. The aim of the examination has been to identify any possible traces of induced traffic growth, or increases in travel generated...

Research report

18 Aug 2003

This chronology outlines the history of radioactive waste management in Australia. It documents the drawn-out policy processes associated with the management of Australia's small amount of radioactive waste material. It also outlines some of the key stages in the process of replacing Australia's only nuclear...

Research report

15 Jun 2003

This paper focuses on the role of research in assessing what impact changes in the supply of heroin from source countries might have. Such changes are difficult to explain and even harder to predict due to the lack of reliable data on drug production, price...

Discussion paper

20 Aug 2003

Public policy making on asylum takes place in an environment of intense public scrutiny, strong institutional constraints and international collective action problems. By assessing the relative importance of key pull factors of international migration, this article explains why, even when controlling for their differences in...

Research report

19 Aug 2003

Australia's 24th Governor-General was sworn in on 11 August 2003. This Research Note looks at questions that are frequently asked about the office of Governor-General, including the selection, appointment, dismissal, tenure and powers and functions of the Governor-General.

Research report

18 Aug 2003

The uncertainty about North Korean nuclear ambitions have spurred consideration of whether Australia should consider the development of ballistic missile defences. This Research Note presents the details of current developments as well as some of the concerns associated with the missile defence program.

Research report

3 Oct 2003

The average wage and salary income of electorates ranges from a low of $26,000 in Mallee to a high of $54,000 in Bradfield. In addition to analysing the distribution of earnings income by electorate, this Research Note also looks at the relationship between income and...

Research report

18 Aug 2003

This Positioning Paper outlines a research program examining the emergence of tenancy databases - their uses and impacts - in the context of key issues of tenure management in the Australian private rental sector. Included in this paper is an outline of the range and...

Research report

18 Aug 2003

Commonwealth rent assistance (CRA) entitlement rules - rent thresholds and maximum levels of assistance - are standard across the country, despite the evident variations in regional rent levels. This situation has prompted calls for a regional dimension to be added to CRA payments. How might...

Journal article

15 Aug 2003

This article addresses a number of key issues confronting contemporary electoral law in Australia. It demonstrates that Australian electoral law is facing many of the same questions and problems that concern other nations, such as how best to regulate campaign financing, regulating ballot access, and...

Research report

15 Aug 2003

This paper outlines a research project investigating programs for older homeless people in all states in Australia. The wide coverage will enable the research team to provide a comparative analysis of the housing of homeless older people nationally in both urban and regional areas -...

Research report

15 Aug 2003

This report documents research looking at problem gambling within non-English speaking background communities in Queensland. In addition to assessing the motivations and impacts of problem gambling, a prevalence study attempts to estimate the rates of problem gambling within the Chinese, Greek and Vietnamese communities. The...

Journal article

14 Aug 2003

In this paper Andrew Schaap develops this theoretical argument through a consideration of the legal politics of reconciliation in Australia.

Abstract

In societies divided by a history of political violence, political reconciliation depends on transforming a relation of enmity into one of...

Commentary

Article

13 Aug 2003

Brian Costar looks at one product of South Australia’s novel constitutional reform process

WHEN former Liberal and then independent parliamentarian Peter Lewis made his controversial decision to support the Opposition Labor Party after the 2002 South Australian election, he negotiated a Compact of...

Research report

30 Jul 2003

This project will pursue a set of overlapping research strands that together will provide state housing agencies with the evidence base to develop effective forms of intervention to address anti-social behaviour. The review undertaken for this Positioning Paper shows that housing management responses in the...

Research report

14 Aug 2003

Sean McNelis and Tania Herbert investigate the current status of Independent Living Units, which operate outside current housing and aged care regulatory frameworks, to ascertain how well they are meeting the needs of older people and the issues surrounding the ageing of this form.

Research report

14 Aug 2003

In this report, the authors discuss their longitudinal study of ex-prisoners in NSW and Victoria, examining the importance of housing and accommodation to social re-integration and re-offending.

Research report

11 Aug 2003

This Research Note provides a brief guide to the major themes and issues covered in the public discussion paper released by the ATSIC Review Panel in June 2003. It also discusses media coverage of the discussion paper's release, and briefly outlines the review process from...

Transcript

13 Aug 2003

In this National Press Club address delivered 11 June 2003, Professor Mick Dodson discusses the different forms of violence afflicting Aboriginal communities. Dodson examines entrenched relationships of violence that exist between Aboriginal people, and against Aboriginal people, about domestic violence between partners, sexual violence against...

Research report

13 Aug 2003

This paper shows that the conventional measure of real GDP underesti- mates the growth in real value added when the terms of trade improve. Thus, in New Zealand, where the terms of trade have been improving over the past 15 years, real GDP has underestimated...

Research report

13 Aug 2003

In this submission to the federal government ACOSS outlines its priorities for welfare reform - including a proposed minimum income guarantee and disability supplement. In its response to the government's welfare reform consultation process ACOSS argues that Australia's social security system, designed over 50 years...

Research report

11 Aug 2003

This Research Paper explains how the Commonwealth determines the level and distribution of financial assistance it provides to local government and examines some key issues in the provision of assistance.

Research report

7 Aug 2003

This e-brief is a guide to Internet resources and research on domestic violence in Australia.

It includes a survey of Commonwealth government programs and initiatives and an overview of the research on the prevalence of domestic violence, at risk groups and communities, the costs...

Research report

11 Aug 2003

The Insurance Council of Australia estimates that cyber-crime costs companies worldwide around about $3 trillion each year, with around 67 per cent of computer users affected in some way. The areas of greatest impact are laptop theft, data or network sabotage, virus and Trojan infection,...

Research report

11 Aug 2003

The inquiry into the 1996 election by the Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters reported that its 'most contentious topic' was that of electoral fraud. In particular, the enrolment procedure was seen as being open to abuse. In 2001 the Shepherdson Inquiry in Queensland indicated...

Working paper

8 Aug 2003

In this paper Jeff Richardson addresses two broad issues. First, what are the problems facing the Australian health care system (Medicare) and how successfully have these been identified and addressed? Secondly, does managed competition/managed care represent a more rational path for Medicare to follow? The...

Research report

8 Aug 2003

This is the first Australian study to bring together the international evidence about the cost of homelessness across key government service areas as well as to societies and individuals - and the benefits achieved by intervening to prevent homelessness. On any one night the number...

Research report

7 Aug 2003

This paper has been prepared by the ABC's election analyst, Antony Green, as a final analysis of the 2003 New South Wales election. It includes details of the Londonderry supplementary election conducted on 31 May, final two-party preferred counts in every electorate, and an analysis...

Research report

6 Aug 2003

This paper will argue in favour of the abolition of capital punishment and will attempt to do so from a legal and human rights perspective. The paper will also examine the most compelling argument against capital punishment, which, in the author's view, is the problem...

Research report

6 Aug 2003

Running 24-25 July 2003 at the Australian National University, this third international research conference brought together knowledge that CTSI has gained over the last three years about applying responsive regulation to the area of taxation. The 2003 conference mapped out some of the issues that...

Research report

6 Aug 2003

This paper describes the structure of the Cost Benefit Model of Diabetes Prevention and Care and lists the data sources used and assumptions embedded in the model. Agnes Walker, Stephen Colagiuri and Michele McLennan validate the model through checks of model outputs against data published...

Other text

6 Aug 2003

If there is a global civilisation, it is America, dominating in military power, the export of its cultural products, the strength of its economy and the scope of its usable power. The question remains as to whether this hegemony can last. In this lecture Dr...

Conference paper

6 Aug 2003

This paper reports on an application of a dynamic microsimulation model which accounts - amongst many other variables - for the links between Australians' socioeconomic status and their health. The full model simulates individuals' life cycles over a 20 to 30 year period. Its base...

Working paper

6 Aug 2003

With the third round of trade negotiations currently underway, this paper explores possible consequences of relaxing pharmaceutical-pricing regulations. At a time when many countries are struggling with rising pharmaceutical costs, the ability of the PBS to control the price Australia pays for new medicines helps...

Presentation

5 Aug 2003

Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA) participants are asked to answer a questionnaire about their use of drugs, as well as to supply a urine sample. This sample is tested for the presence of illicit drugs and compared with the self-reported answers in the questionnaire....

Research report

4 Aug 2003

Australia is leading a 2200‑person strong mission to restore law and order in the Solomon Islands. While the operational focus is, rightly, on the force's police component, the force also includes 1500 Australian military personnel as well as 300 military personnel from Pacific island states....

Research report

30 Jul 2003

A nuclear test by North Korea would alter the security framework of North East Asia in two distinct areas - proliferation and operational restraint. Could North Korea be convinced that a nuclear test will not increase its security? An Australian long-term approach designed to address...

Research report

30 Jul 2003

The current situation in the Solomons has come about because of a lack of economic progress, declining living standards and the weakness of political institutions inherited from Britain. The crisis is symptomatic of the problems of creating a modern state in a Melanesian society where...