September 2003

Report

29 Sep 2003

Generic skills are gaining importance internationally and in Australia. This 'At a glance' publication explains how generic skills can be fostered in vocational education and training programs and workplaces. It also focuses on research into describing, teaching, learning, assessing, recognising, and certifying these important skills,...

Report

29 Sep 2003

This report, written with National Shelter, shows that the federal government's rent assistance program is failing to prevent around 330,000 low income people and families being crushed by high rents in the private rental market. Analysing data on the almost one million age pensioners, people...

Report

18 Aug 2003

The Australian government recently announced a parliamentary inquiry to investigate whether a legal presumption of joint residence should become part of Australian family law - that is, if parents separate and cannot agree on arrangements for their children, the starting point should be that children...

Report

29 Sep 2003

In this paper Zhigang Wei, Toni Makkai and Kiah McGregor report on 493 juveniles detained by police and interviewed as part of the Drug Use Monitoring Australia (DUMA) project. For this group of juveniles, drug use is prevalent. Three-quarters reported using at least one illicit...

Report

29 Sep 2003

Assessing generic skills in a selection of training packages is the focus of this report by Berwyn Clayton, Kaaren Blom, David Meyers and Andrea Bateman. Based on case studies, the authors also examine how these skills are understood by trainers and learners. The report contains...

Report

26 Sep 2003

Over 1997-98 the Commonwealth Employment Service and its related agencies and labour market programs were terminated, with employment assistance services instead being delivered through a collection of for profit and community-based providers (the Job Network). The first contract with these providers came in at May...

Report

26 Sep 2003

A descriptive analysis of recent pathways to apprenticeships is presented in this report by Tom Dumbrell. He finds pre-apprenticeship programs can play an effective role providing short-term vocational training to young people as a means of improving their chances to gaining an apprenticeship. The report...

Report

25 Sep 2003

In the lead up to the anniversary of the Bali bombing the media will be full of heart wrenching stories about the people who were killed and their families. Leading Bali scholar, Dr Adrian Vickers from the University of Wollongong, has stepped back from the...

Submission

18 Jun 2003

The primary focus of the Health Issues Centre's submission is to examine the most cost-effective and equitable way to restore bulk-billing by GPs. The centre recommended that the 30% rebate for private health insurance be scrapped, and the $2.26 billion saved be redirected to:...

Report

24 Sep 2003

It is widely held that imperfect capital markets mean that individuals from poor backgrounds cannot borrow to finance educational investments. But are these credit constraints an empirical reality? The 1995 Canadian Out of Employment Panel is used to take a new approach to this question...

Report

24 Sep 2003

This report by Rose Melville focuses on the organisational demography of peak bodies, some of the challenges to their roles in policy making, democratic citizenship and representation. A major theme to emerge in the study is the systematic delegitimisation of peaks as 'representative' bodies for...

Report

24 Sep 2003

In a report commissioned by the Senate Select Committee on Medicare, Hal Swerissen, Stephen Duckett and Charles Livingstone assess the federal government's proposed reforms to bulk billing, and the opposition's counter-proposals.

Their analysis of both proposals is predicated on the notion that GPs will...

Report

24 Sep 2003

Since the 1970s, changes in the Australian labour market, education and income policies have led to reductions in income for young people aged 15 to 24 years. This paper presents the results of original research that shows how parents share, or 'pool' their income with...

Report

23 Sep 2003

The idea of the 'information society' has taken hold in sociological and political analysis. Information technology, it is argued, is forming new virtual and actual networks that make up communities, both local and global. Computer networks are capable of transcending national boundaries, as information and...

Report

19 Sep 2003

ACER is managing the National Year 6 Science Assessment on behalf of the Performance Measurement and Reporting Taskforce subgroup of the federal government's Ministerial Committee for Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs. In late October 2003 students from schools sampled throughout Australia will be sitting...

Report

19 Sep 2003

According to the 2001 Census, approximately 61,463 people reside in caravan parks, an increase of about 6,263 people compared to the 1996 ABS Census.

Report

19 Sep 2003

In this reappraisal of the available data, Heather Booth and Leonie Tickle conclude that official sources underestimate the future size of the aged population, especially the female aged and the oldest aged.

Report

17 Sep 2003

Political marketing has attracted increasing attention from political commentators in recent years, yet relatively little academic work has been conducted into its nature - either theoretically or empirically. Transferred to parties, marketing can be used in deciding what policies to adopt and what organisational structures...

Report

16 Sep 2003

This chronology outlines the history of the Telstra privatisation process. It documents some of the key dates and policy processes associated with the first and second tranche sales of Telstra. It also outlines some of the key inquiries and legislative conditions required for each stage...

Report

15 Sep 2003

This brief analyses the current conundrum surrounding the exercise of ministerial discretion in migration matters in historical context. The machinery legislation of the 1901 and 1958 Migration Acts conferred wide discretionary powers upon the Minister. In 1989, reforms to the Migration Act 1958 removed most...

Report

15 Sep 2003

The Premier of NSW has proposed that a four year trial of the medicinal use of cannabis be conducted in NSW. This Research Note examines the background to the medicinal use of cannabis, recent overseas experience, and areas of possible Commonwealth involvement with the NSW...

Report

12 Sep 2003

In this paper Walter Lalich identifies a wide array of religious and secular facilities in Sydney that have been developed by ethnic communities as a consequence of post-1945 demographic and cultural changes. During this period many thousands of non-English speaking immigrants voluntarily engaged in the...

Report

12 Sep 2003

Nearly 300 new co-operatives were registered over the 10 years 1990 to 1999 in NSW. Although co-operatives were formed at an average of nearly 35 co-operatives per year in the first half of the 1990s, the number had declined to about 21 co-operatives in 1998...

Report

11 Sep 2003

Peter Saunders and Kayoko Tsumori argue that introducing a six month time limit on unemployment benefits could dramatically reduce long-term unemployment in Australia. Time limits create a sense of urgency for the unemployed to find work and for Job Network agencies whose task it is...

Report

10 Sep 2003

In this paper presented to the Health Outcomes 2003 Conference, the authors examine whether the average cost of treating patients changes in line with variations in their socioeconomic status. Given concerns about ever increasing government health spending and the distributional impact of such spending, this...

Report

10 Sep 2003

Last month, the Government released a draft Charities Bill, 2003 to define 'charity' for taxation purposes and asked the Board of Taxation to consult over its wording. The draft Charities Bill contains unreasonable and unnecessary restrictions on the advocacy role of charities. While welcoming the...

Report

8 Sep 2003

This document traces the long running debates and numerous proposals and government reviews going back over 50 years concerning the need for and possible locations of a second major airport to serve Sydney.

Report

8 Sep 2003

During 2000-01 the Department of the Parliamentary Library published 'Four-year terms for the House of Representatives?', a paper that was well-received by readers inside and outside the Parliament. This paper is now being re-issued with changes made as a consequence of events that have occurred...

Report

8 Sep 2003

Australia's 24th Governor-General was sworn in on 11 August 2003. This Research Note discusses the salary of our first Governor-General and the introduction of a vice-regal pension scheme in 1974. It explains how salary is set and pensions are calculated. A table of salaries since...

Submission

5 Sep 2003

In this submission to the Senate inquiry into the staff of members of parliament, Anne Tiernan and Patrick Weller identify five core problems with the ministerial staff system as it has evolved.

They argue that the system has outgrown the arrangements designed to support...

Report

3 Sep 2003

Proponents of treaties in Australia have usually emphasised the principled relations between Indigenous and settler peoples that treaties may bring about. More recently, they have argued that treaty-making would be a more effective framework for Indigenous social policy. Citing evidence from the history of treaty-making...

Report

3 Sep 2003

Australia faces a growing shortage in trade skills. Reports by the Department of Employment and Workplace Relations (DEWR) as to shortages in key sectors, a recent media and advertising campaign by the Department of Education Science and Training (DEST), and the current inquiry into skill...

Report

3 Sep 2003

Improving Indigenous people's access to banking and financial services must involve cooperation between Indigenous organisations, the financial services sector, and governments. The author evaluates the Tangentyere Bank Pilot Project in Alice Springs, covering various aspects of the banking and financial services provided by the Tangentyere...

Report

3 Sep 2003

In a paper for the Democratic Audit of Australia, Olof Petersson (Research Director for the Democratic Audit of Sweden), writes that the fear of undue influence on voters is the reason why many democracies have discussed and quite a few have decided to regulate the...

Report

3 Sep 2003

Since the introduction of agriculture into the international trade debate in the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, there has been increased focus on the nature of agricultural support policies in the developed countries.This paper proposes a means for identifying the nature of the balance...

Report

2 Sep 2003

ACER recently led a delegation of representatives from Australian education systems and organisations on a study tour to Washington DC to observe the work of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards. The aim of the visit was to find and share answers to questions...

Report

2 Sep 2003

In this report Lesley Cooper and Mary Morris introduce a research project which will investigate residential dislocation and housing instability by examining pathways taken by indigenous women and children between homelessness and sustainable tenancy.

Report

2 Sep 2003

In this report introduce an analysis of the impact of state public housing regeneration projects on Indigenous households in urban communities in Western Australia.

Authors: Roz Walker, John Ballard, Cheryle Taylor and Jean Hillier

Report

1 Sep 2003

This paper by Walter Lalich identifies a wide array of religious and secular facilities in Sydney that have been developed by ethnic communities as a consequence of post-1945 demographic and cultural changes. During this period many thousands of non-English speaking immigrants voluntarily engaged in the...

Report

1 Sep 2003

Kathryn Parker and Mark Lyons describe a case of Australian exceptionalism; a case with tragic consequences. Australia has failed to follow most other developed countries and to develop a set of specialised financial institutions that are needed for the successful regeneration of disadvantaged communities.