October 2003

Report

31 Oct 2003

This is the report of the second of three annual surveys of farm crime in Australia. Although the rate of crime fell slightly since the first survey, the cost is estimated at around $72 million. Marissa McCall summarises type, prevalence and occurrence of crime, and...

Report

31 Oct 2003

In this paper Antony Green summarises results for the election of 21 members to the New South Wales Legislative Council. The 2003 election was the first conducted under changes to the electoral system that made it virtually impossible for parties to engage in preference deals....

Report

29 Oct 2003

In this second publication in the Melbourne Asia Policy Paper series, Professor Tim McCormack examines the potential role of the new International Criminal Court in The Hague for enforcing international criminal law in the Asia Pacific region in the new post-9/11 global climate. Professor McCormack...

Discussion paper

29 Oct 2003

This paper analyses recently released ABS data on the distribution of income which allows, for the first time, estimates to be made of the distribution of income in 2000-01 and how it has changed since the mid-1990s. It is now possible to examine how inequality...

Report

29 Oct 2003

This paper examines a particular form of cooperative wildlife management on Aboriginal land in the tropical savanna of the Northern Territory, in the context of broader questions about governance. It asks how governance at the state, regional and local level can be designed to ensure...

Report

29 Oct 2003

This paper examines the concepts of 'governance', 'good governance' and 'sustainable development' in the context of Australian Indigenous communities and regions. It explores the hypothesis that there is vital link between governance and sustainable development.

Report

29 Oct 2003

Training packages are a key reform of the vocational education and training (VET) system. In this report Michele Simons, Dave Meyers, Roger Harris and Kaaren Blom describe how the implementation of training packages has led to new, flexible approaches to training and assessment at six...

Report

29 Oct 2003

In this report Kaaren Blom and Dave Meyers explore the ways in which quality is defined and understood within vocational education and training (VET) systems, and the indicators that various systems and institutions have adopted around the world. The quality indicators have been brought together...

Discussion paper

29 Oct 2003

This paper contains a comparison of high school completion rates across Australian states and territories from 1989 to 2002. Because the 'official' statistics contain a number of flaws, Chris Ryan and Louise Watson have produced adjusted figures which show that the peak in school retention...

Report

28 Oct 2003

Misuse of market power is both a legal and economic concept. Prohibitions on the misuse of market power are commonly found in anti-trust laws in a number of countries and the prohibition appears as section 46 in Australia's Trade Practices Act 1974 (TPA). Using predatory...

Report

28 Oct 2003

Some 400 educational researchers, policy makers and practitioners from around Australia and overseas came together in Melbourne from 19-21 October to share knowledge and developments in building teacher quality at ACER 2003 research conference. Summaries of most conference papers are available online. The full text...

Report

28 Oct 2003

This report found that experience of working full-time early in the school-to-work transition has the most positive effect on youth labour market outcomes. In addition, early experience of unemployment has a 'scarring' effect on subsequent unemployment. The report, the latest in the Longitudinal Surveys of...

Report

27 Oct 2003

David Martin argues that a fundamental issue confronting Australian Indigenous groups and communities is how to develop the capacity to engage strategically with the general Australian society, in particular with its political and economic dimensions. 'Strategic engagement' refers to the processes through which Indigenous individuals,...

Discussion paper

27 Oct 2003

Boyd Hunter and Jerry Schwab analyse recent trends in the engagement of Indigenous people with the Australian education system between 1986 and 2001. Against the backdrop of a Commonwealth government policy emphasis on 'practical reconciliation' since 1996, the analysis shows that while there have been...

Commentary

Article

24 Oct 2003

Parliament and protest don’t fit easily together, says John Warhurst

THE substantial minority of Australian parliamentarians opposed to the war in Iraq were caught in the middle this week. They faced not only a personal dilemma but also a role dilemma and an institu...

Report

29 Sep 2003

The Victorian government is in the process of cutting around 300 positions from the head office of the Department of Education and Training. In this paper, David Hayward looks at why the cuts are being made and whether they are justified.

Discussion paper

22 Oct 2003

Does the within-household distribution of income influence household consumption patterns, and children's consumption in particular? During the 1990s, income support for unemployed married couples was changed from being paid almost entirely to husbands, to being paid primarily to wives. The impact of this change is...

Report

22 Oct 2003

Professionals are less satisfied with their quality of working life than clerical, sales and service workers. This was the main finding of a survey of over 1000 Australian employees. This paper reports on attitudes towards pay, job security, harassment, trust, control over work, health and...

Report

22 Oct 2003

This paper summarises data on public opinion in Australia regarding taxation and social issues. It finds that several surveys have identified a long term trend of declining concern about taxation but rising concern for issues such as health and education and a greater preparedness for...

Discussion paper

20 Oct 2003

The recent release of the final results for the 2001 Census presents an opportunity to assess the net change in employment outcomes for Indigenous Australians for the period covering the first two Howard administrations. Boyd Hunter, Yohannes Kinfu and John Taylor use demographic techniques to...

Discussion paper

20 Oct 2003

Jon Altman and Boyd Hunter examine changes in the socioeconomic status of Indigenous Australians during 1991-2001, a period that closely matches 'the reconciliation decade' using census data. Comparisons are made both of change in absolute wellbeing for the total Indigenous population, and of relative wellbeing...

Discussion paper

20 Oct 2003

Will Sanders updates earlier work on participation and representation in ATSIC elections, adding analysis of the fifth round of ATSIC elections held in 2002. Will argues that overall voter turnout is reasonable given the voluntary nature of ATSIC elections. He discerns a distinctive geography of...

Report

17 Oct 2003

In this report Stephen Billett, Lisa Ehrich and Bernie Hernon-Tinning describe the processes small business operators used to learn about the goods and services tax. It discovered that small business operators generally do not seek new skills through formal courses but rather through informal, 'localised'...

Report

9 Oct 2003

In this report Lesley Farrell and Linda Wyse explore how vocational education and training providers can best customise locally provided training packages to suit the needs of stakeholders, while still considering skills important to national and global interests. In doing so it investigates who the...

Report

17 Oct 2003

This annual publication provides insight into the finance and expenditure of Australia's public vocational education and training (VET) system. Information pertaining to expenses, revenues, assets and liabilities are provided nationally, for each state and territory, and the Australian National Training Authority. Comparisons to previous years...

Discussion paper

15 Oct 2003

This paper reviews recent developments in pensions policy in a range of countries and identifies some of the main forces driving the policy reform agenda. The paper brings a new perspective to some familiar issues, drawing specifically on the research and policy experience of Australia,...

Report

15 Oct 2003

One of the most attractive features of social exclusion is that it broadens the conventional framework that identifies poverty as a lack of resources relative to needs. This paper examines how the concept of social exclusion has evolved in the academic and policy debate in...

Discussion paper

15 Oct 2003

Ever since the appearance of Vanek's pioneering article in 1974, there has been a controversy about whether 'labour saving' domestic appliances actually save labour time. The Australian 1997 Time Use Survey is unique among official surveys, as it simultaneously provides detailed information on time spent...

Conference paper

13 Oct 2003

In most of Australia juries are used in defamation trials to assess whether a publication is defamatory. One commonly used definition of a defamatory publication is that it tends to cause ordinary reasonable people to think less of the plaintiff. By dissecting the concept of...

Report

13 Oct 2003

In most of Australia juries are used in defamation trials to assess whether a publication is defamatory. One commonly used definition of a defamatory publication is that it tends to cause ordinary reasonable people to think less of the plaintiff. By dissecting the concept of...

Report

13 Oct 2003

In this report Sue Lackner and Greg Marston examine Centrelink breaching trends for the past three years and the incidence of Job Network participation reporting. While there has been a relative decline in the rate of Centrelink breaching over the past three years, the submission...

Report

13 Oct 2003

In the latest Australian Unity Wellbeing Index Report, results from the seventh survey, conducted in June 2003, show that wellbeing in Australia has risen to its highest level since surveys began in April 2001. The survey also asked people about their neighbourhood satisfaction, several questions...

Report

9 Oct 2003

In this paper presented to the "Thinking About Tomorrow" Australian Educators' Conference, John Spierings examines the issues surrounding alternative education. He argues that broad based reform especially in the middle and senior years of schooling is necessary if a strong educational base is to be...

Conference paper

8 Oct 2003

Finding ways of curbing government expenditure on the PBS while maintaining social equity and access to 'essential' medicines is at the centre of ongoing public debate. This paper outlines future developments that will extend the current model to include health outcomes. Adding health outcomes represents...

Submission

8 Oct 2003

This ACOSS Senate Inquiry submission finds that the Government's higher education proposals fail to address the problem of student poverty and are likely to lead to fewer students from low income families attending university. The government's proposed scholarships are welcome but do not outweigh the...

Report

7 Oct 2003

On 8 August 2003, Amrozi bin Nurhasyim was found guilty of various charges relating to his purchase of the Minivan and bomb-making chemicals used in the Bali bombings of 12 October 2002. These charges were laid under an anti-terrorism regulation that was proclaimed by President...

Transcript

6 Oct 2003

Although it was once believed that courts simply declare authoritatively what the law is - leaving any change in the law to our elected representatives - that myth was exploded long ago. The courts make law, and the High Court makes more than most. How,...

Report

3 Oct 2003

Andrew Beer, Paul Delfabbro, Kristin Natalier, Susan Oakley and Fiona Verity explain how this project will develop models of good practice in dealing with homeless young people in rural areas.

Report

3 Oct 2003

Kath Hulse, Bill Randolph, Matthew Toohey, Gillian Beer and Rob Lee provide an overview and context for a research project seeking to assess the effect of housing costs, housing subsidy structures and housing administrative requirements on the capacity of unemployed people to gain employment.

Report

3 Oct 2003

Paul Flatau, Patric Hendershott, Richard Watson and Gavin Wood report on the development of an integrated model of the housing system that incorporates the broad range of drivers that influence the housing market, including the role of aspirations, household formation, economic incentives and labour market...

Report

3 Oct 2003

Urban consolidation has been a major planning policy in Australia's largest cities for the best part of two decades writes Glen Searle. It has seemingly offered a serendipidous solution to a range of pressing urban problems. But how are planners planning for the future? In...

Report

1 Oct 2003

Summary of a paper delivered by Roland Rich on the relevance of democratic peace theory to East Asia. Democratic peace theory holds that while liberal democracies may go to war with non-liberal states, they remain at peace with each other, in other words democracies do...

Transcript

1 Oct 2003

Transcript of a lecture delivered by Karen Fogg, Secretary General of International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA). Ms. Fogg argues that political parties are often neglected as important institutions of a functioning democracy. Drawing on the work undertaken by International IDEA, she reflects...

Report

1 Oct 2003

This report presents findings from interviews with young job seekers, Centrelink officers and youth workers, and from the examination of Preparing for Work Agreements. Highlighting communication problems and the limited range of activities included in agreements, it recommends improvements in the administrative processes which are...

Discussion paper

1 Oct 2003

Caring for those we love is understandable, but exactly what enables people to care for strangers? This paper draws on an analysis of data from the study of time-diaries (ABS' Time Use Surveys) to examine the connection between sociability and care. Using information on the...

Report

1 Oct 2003

This study examines the socioeconomic status of NSW hospital patients in 1999-2000 and projects likely hospital costs to 2009-10. It draws upon unique patient based datasets from NSW public and private hospitals that include hospital admissions, as well as the associated treatment costs in each...

Conference paper

1 Oct 2003

In recent years outlays on the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme have increased rapidly, prompting both attempts by government to reduce growth in outlays and renewed interest in the characteristics of the beneficiaries of the Scheme. This paper, using a microsimulation model of the PBS, analyses the...

Report

1 Oct 2003

Report from the Solomon Islands scenario testing workshop held on 17 July 2003 at the Australian National University, Canberra. The aim of the workshop was to consider the international relations, military security, rule or law, and governance issues that may arise during the proposed mission...