November 2003

Report

28 Nov 2003

Women's drug use is believed to be a defining factor in their participation in crime and it is argued that the severity of women's drug use is more closely related to their criminality than it is for men, particularly for prostitution and property crime. Women...

Conference proceedings

27 Nov 2003

Abstracts for most of the papers being presented at the three-day conference, 26-28 November 2003, are avvailable at the conference website.

Report

26 Nov 2003

Dr Sally Young from the Media and Communications Program, The University of Melbourne, argues that money has become central to the process of political communication in Australia. Australian politicians believe that TV advertising and direct mail are key means of persuading citizens and winning votes....

Report

26 Jan 2004

In this paper Sean McNelis describes an Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute project investigating Independent Living Units - units provided by not-for-profit organisations and which are targeted at older persons with relatively low incomes and low assets. The project is looking at the significance...

Report

24 Nov 2003

The recent decision by the Reserve Bank of Australia to increase interest rates following seventeen months of unchanged, historically low rates has generated interest in the impact of this decision on the approximately 32 per cent of Australian households with mortgages. It has also prompted...

Conference paper

26 Nov 2003

The study found that the poor used public hospitals more than the rich, however for private hospitals this pattern was reversed - with patients in the poorest socioeconomic group having a 19 per cent lower hospitalisation rate than patients in the richest such group. Other...

Report

26 Nov 2003

Associate Professor Chris Nash from the University of Technology Sydney, argues that the Australian constitutional framework for freedom of the press is weaker than in other liberal democracies. With strong commercial pressures and the detrimental legislative and financial impact of recent national governments on public...

Report

26 Nov 2003

The current, various policies for fees and charges in the public vocational education and training (VET) system in each state and territory are the focus of this report. Louise Watson finds that due to a host of reasons there is little to no consistency to...

Report

26 Nov 2003

In this paper Kanishka Jayasuriya examines how new forms of global social policy are implemented by the World Bank and other multilateral agencies. This new transnational social policy has stimulated the development of new forms of intermediation between state and civil society, and embodies a...

Discussion paper

26 Nov 2003

This discussion paper examines the change in values informing public policy in Australia over the last 25 years, and its negative impact on society. The authors argue that since the neoliberal policy framework is unable to effectively balance economic and social goals, governments need to...

Report

24 Nov 2003

In the pre-election environment of 2001, the Australian government introduced legislative changes allowing some of Australia's territory to be excised from the migration zone in order to discourage non-citizens from arriving unlawfully in Australia by boat. People attempting to do so since then have been...

Report

24 Nov 2003

Based on data from the 2001 Census, more than one in ten Australian homebuyers are experiencing 'mortgage stress', defined in this Research Note as a situation in which homebuyers are paying 35 per cent or more of their income on home loan repayments. While it...

Report

24 Nov 2003

The Commonwealth first became involved with funding child care in a substantial way in 1972; in that year the it provided funding ($6.5 million in the first year) for non-profit organisations to operate centre-based day care facilities for children of working and sick parents. Since...

Report

24 Nov 2003

On Wednesday 5 November 2003 the Reserve Bank of Australia announced that it would be operating in the money market to increase the cash interest rate by a quarter of a percentage point (or 25 basis points) to 5.00 per cent. Changes in the cash...

Report

24 Nov 2003

The Australian Army is in the process of acquiring a new main battle tank (MBT). This acquisition is contrary to the policy announced in the 2000 defence white paper when the government said it had 'decided against the development of heavy armoured forces suitable for...

Report

21 Nov 2003

A customs duty anomaly that has periodically attracted interest is the 5 per cent tariff on imported four- wheel-drive vehicles (4WDs) compared to a 15 per cent tariff on imported passenger motor vehicles (PMVs). The tariff rate differential exists because there is no tariff classification...

Working paper

20 Nov 2003

This paper makes three main arguments. First, a critique of both the traditional state-centric approach to security and the more recently articulated human-centric approach suggests that each is necessary but not sufficient to address the contemporary security agenda. Second, there is however conceptual and empirical...

Report

20 Nov 2003

The confrontation between North Korea and the Bush Administration over the DPRK's nuclear programs threatens to plunge Northeast Asia, one of the most strategically volatile regions in the world, into chaos and to ignite a nuclear arms race. This Keynote argues that there is a...

Working paper

20 Nov 2003

In 1999, Gerry Segal, then Director of Research at the International Institute of Strategic Studies, wrote an article in Foreign Affairs entitled 'Does China matter?' His article ranged across economic, political and strategic issues but his overall conclusion was that China's importance had been greatly...

Report

24 Nov 2003

Aren't all children born in Australia, 'Australian'? Not necessarily. Until 1986 every child born in this country automatically became an Australian citizen at birth - no matter who the parents were. Only children of foreign diplomats and 'enemy aliens' did not become Australian citizens. The...

Commentary

Article

19 Nov 2003

The Australia-US Free Trade Agreement is an opportunity and a risk, according to Jock Given

TRADE AGREEMENTS are the constitutions of the global economy. They set the limits on what nation-states can and can’t do.

It will be about as easy to change...

Working paper

19 Nov 2003

When Centrelink was established it inherited from the DSS a model of service delivery for Indigenous communities in remote areas built around relatively large social security offices based in urban centres and agents based in Indigenous communities. Some dissatisfaction with this model has led Centrelink...

Discussion paper

19 Nov 2003

This Issues Paper is a first step in the development of an Indigenous Arts Strategy (IAS) for the Northern Territory (NT). It aims to do two things. First, to assess the current state of Indigenous arts in the NT. Second, to canvass issues for consideration...

Report

19 Nov 2003

The reality of family homelessness is one of the major social tragedies confronting our society. As this research report argues, thousands of Queenslanders experience this unacceptable reality each year. Social policies which address educational, health and welfare needs all become secondary when finding somewhere secure...

Report

18 Nov 2003

In this paper Mark Lynch, Julianne Buckman and Leigh Krenske present the key findings of a project that followed 1503 young offenders over a seven year period. The data show that the vast majority of young offenders on supervised orders progress to the adult correction...

Report

17 Nov 2003

The headline unemployment figures published each month are used by policy makers, the Reserve Bank, and others to follow trends in Australia's unemployment levels. As is often suspected, these figures only tell part of the unemployment story. This paper shows that if we were to...

Report

17 Nov 2003

They propose that financial incentives be offered to individuals or firms participating in illegal activity in return for the provision of evidence against other participants. In order to ensure that attractive incentives can be offered, and large fines levied, it is also proposed that a...

Report

17 Nov 2003

The gambling industry is big business in Australia, with Australians losing $15 billion on gambling last year. The industry has grown substantially in the last twenty years following the widespread introduction and legalisation of casinos and gaming machines. The proportion of household disposable income directed...

Conference proceedings

17 Nov 2003

Papers and webcasts from this conference, held on 10 November 2003, are available online. Speakers included the federal Attorney General, Philip Ruddock; the NSW Police Minister, John Watkins; Jenny Hocking from the National Centre for Australian Studies, Monash University; Senator John Faulkner, leader of the...

Report

12 Nov 2003

In the lead up to the forthcoming book Us and Them: Anti-Elitism in Australia co-edited by Barry Hindess, Marian Sawer of the Australian National University explores the rise of market populism in Australia. This 'new class' discourse has its roots in 1970s American neo-conservatism and...

Report

12 Nov 2003

This research project places knowledge and knowledge management at the forefront of the challenges being faced by Australian business and its leaders. The author reasons that the rise of knowledge management stands at the intersection of many of the most profound changes currently occurring in...

Report

31 Oct 2003

This briefing paper examines some of the developments in 2002-03 in court procedures involving child sexual assault complainants. It also explores methods of monitoring convicted child sex offenders. While the paper focuses on initiatives in the New South Wales criminal justice system, comparisons are made...

Report

7 Nov 2003

This study by Jenny Mouzos and Maria Borzycki had two aims. The first was to provide an analysis of the characteristics of armed robberies, the offenders and the victims, while the second was to examine the value of a regular armed robbery monitoring program. Data...

Report

7 Nov 2003

In this paper Jenny Mouzos provides a critical analysis of the data from AIC's National Homicide Monitoring Program and ABS data on causes of death and recorded crime. It also examines the extent to which they differ and how those differences have changed over time....

Report

5 Nov 2003

This study, funded by Flinders University and the South Australian Housing Trust presents a 'snap-shot' of the 240 cases where bailiffs were called out during a three month period in 2002. It profiles the tenancies, outlines the legal process and describes the changing relationship between...

Conference paper

5 Nov 2003

Geoscience Australia and NATSEM have recently collaborated to produce experimental estimates of the geographic distribution of vulnerability to a natural hazard. This paper describes the method used in applying synthetic estimation to quantifying vulnerability and reports on the results of the application.

Report

5 Nov 2003

Over recent years a number of papers have used individual or household longitudinal survey data to investigate the rationality of income expectations. In this paper the authors provide a novel contribution to this literature by examining the ability of individuals to correctly predict their own...

Discussion paper

5 Nov 2003

This paper examines the case for maintaining welfare and income redistribution programs even when their adverse general equilibrium effects reduce total earnings of poor households. Using a Cournot model of intra-household decision-making, the authors show that even if welfare cutbacks generate large increases in household...

Submission

5 Nov 2003

This submission to the Productivity Commission investigates the affordability and availability of housing for first home buyers and others. It recommends increasing the supply of affordable housing options for people on low incomes through structural changes to home ownership; redressing the mismatch between housing supply...

Survey

4 Nov 2003

Each edition of this annual 'snapshot' of public perceptions of technological change includes an in-depth focus on one particular technology. This year the focus is on DNA paternity testing.

The Monitor is based on a national survey of 1000 Australians. A series of focus...

Report

1 Nov 2003

Dr James Jupp writes that an audit of the democratic rights of immigrants has found Australia does a good job of protecting citizens, but places the human rights of refugees and other non-citizens at risk. According to the report, 'Australian democracy can claim successes but...