December 2003

Research report

30 Dec 2003

The long term and permanent migration of people out of Australia has increased substantially in recent years. At present little is known about the scale, composition and significance of that movement. Graeme Hugo, Dianne Rudd and Kevin Harris seek to fill this gap through analysis...

Research report

30 Dec 2003

This report by Tanya Chikritzhs, Paul Catalano, Tim Stockwell, Susan Donath, Hanh Ngo, Deidra Young, and Sharon Matthews, staff of the NDRI and the Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre Inc, looks at patterns of alcohol use and related harms for Australian states and territories....

Conference paper

10 Dec 2003

Australia's tertiary education sector comprises higher (university) education and vocational education and training (VET). The purpose of this paper is to contrast the two sectors in terms of the way they are defined, their size and recent growth, the characteristics of their students, and access...

Research report

1 Nov 2003

These data briefings summarise the main findings from the 2001-02 alcohol and other drug treatment services NMDS data for each state and territory.

Research report

23 Aug 2003

Innovation and the capacity of the national innovation system to create and disseminate scientific and scholarly information are increasingly fundamental determinants of national prosperity. This study examines evolving research practices, focusing on how practices are changing and what the implications of those changes are for...

Conference paper

23 Dec 2003

A selection of papers from this conference, held on 4 December 2003, is available on the conference website. Speakers included Hilary Charlesworth, Susan Kneebone and Nic Maclellan.

Research report

23 Dec 2003

This report provides a comprehensive review of the latest information and communication technology trade statistics, and presents a detailed analysis of the evolution of Australia's information and communication technology (ICT) trade over the decade 1992-93 to 2002-03. A detailed Executive Summary is available online.

Research report

23 Dec 2003

This is the eighth annual report on the Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP) National Data Collection. Reports for each state and territory provide information on people who are homeless and people who are at risk of being homeless, and an overview of assistance given to...

Journal article

23 Dec 2003

The increasing internationalisation of many aspects of Australian life, from environmental hazards to terrorist threats to securities regulation, has given new prominence to the relationship between international law and the Australian legal system. It has also been accompanied by a rise in anxiety about the...

Research report

19 Dec 2003

This is the third annual report based on key program activity, performance and outcome indicators to monitor the achievements of the National Cervical Screening Program. The report provides a comprehensive national picture of cervical screening in Australia for 2000-2001 and 1999-2000. The report presents most...

Research report

19 Dec 2003

Challenging doubts in public debates about the value of land rights and native title, Jon Altman demonstrates that Indigenous people living 'on country' generate economic, social and ecological benefits at local, regional and national levels. An emerging match between Indigenous aspirations to manage their country,...

Research report

19 Dec 2003

If 'practical reconciliation' is a reality, there should be convergence in the economic and educational status of Indigenous and other Australians. However, while there have been absolute improvements in Indigenous educational attainment from 1986 to 2001, gains are less evident when measured relative to non-Indigenous...

Research report

19 Dec 2003

Benjamin Smith examines 'sustainable development' in a contemporary remote Aboriginal rural community. Sustainability in Indigenous development in the central Cape York region involves an ongoing compromise between often incommensurable forms of social, political, and economic organisation. Smith concludes that development intervention is likely to fail...

Research report

18 Dec 2003

This report presents statistics on trends in the employment of nurses in Australia. It is based on the main findings of the 2001 national survey of registered and enrolled nurses, and includes registration and enrolment data for 2002.

Information presented in this report includes...

Research report

22 Jul 2005

The report presents the Institute's most comprehensive evaluation to date of the data collected for the National Minimum Data Set for Admitted Patient Mental Health Care. The evaluation assesses the quality and utility of the data set to determine its suitability as to current requirements...

Research report

17 Dec 2003

The debate on the treatment of asylum seekers in Australia, and elsewhere, often makes reference to cost impacts. This report from Justice for Asylum Seekers (a coalition which includes the Catholic Commission for Justice, Development and Peace) considers cost evidence for alternative accommodation and security...

Research report

17 Dec 2003

This paper is based on a near completed Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute (AHURI) project which is designed to document the state of practice in Australian social housing allocations systems and to provide ideas and data from Australia and overseas which may help facilitate...

Briefing paper

17 Dec 2003

The authors of this paper argue that no assessment has been made about the Australia-US free trade agreement's impact upon economic, social and cultural rights. This briefing paper addresses two of the provisions of free trade agreements: firstly the ability for private investors to sue...

Research report

17 Dec 2003

A selection of papers from last month's conference, jointly sponsored by the South Australian Department of Human Services, is available on the conference website.

Working paper

17 Dec 2003

Examination of fertility rates in Australia indicates a fall over time in both period and cohort fertility. Policy-makers and others in Australia are concerned about the potential for further fertility decline, given the impact this would have on population age structure and growth rates. This...

Research report

16 Dec 2003

Alexandra Neame looks at current media representations of drink spiking including victim-blaming stereotypes and whether drink spiking is an epidemic or an urban myth. Drink spiking is considered within the broader context of drug and alcohol facilitated sexual assault, and awareness and prevention approaches that...

Commentary

Article

10 Dec 2003

These 'stories' from the field document actual case studies of teaching, assessing, and implementing generic skills. These skills and attributes are sought by employers across business and industry, as set out by the Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry and Business Council of Australia. The...

Research report

14 Dec 2003

From the executive summary of this report...

This paper describes a case of Australian exceptionalism; a case with tragic consequences. Australia has failed to follow most other developed countries and develop a set of specialised financial institutions that are needed for the successful...

Commentary

Article

12 Dec 2003

Warlords control many areas of Afghanistan and overland travel can be very dangerous, according to the Department of Foreign Affairs. It’s just one reason why Afghan refugees shouldn’t be forced to return, says Peter Mares

IN THEORY, the rules of the 1951 Refugee Convention...

Research report

12 Dec 2003

This report updates and refines prevalence estimates of five main disability groups in Australia - intellectual, psychiatric, sensory/speech, acquired brain injury and physical/diverse. The groups are defined and explained in terms of Australian and international definitions of disability, and of available Australian statistical data. Recent...

Working paper

12 Dec 2003

This study identifies a number of excellent workplaces in Australia, analyses the basis for their outstanding performance, and draws some general conclusions concerning the nature of excellence at work across Australia.

Research report

11 Dec 2003

This report presents adoptions statistics provided by the state and territory community services departments for the period 1 July 2002 to 30 June 2003. These cover all finalised adoptions reported to state and territory community services departments during that year. The report provides information on...

Research report

28 Nov 2003

Kristine Peters and Carolyn Lloyd investigate which market groups are most likely to take up and use online vocational education and training (VET) delivery, and identify key factors that influence demand from these groups. Students undertaking training to change their careers or improve their skills,...

Research report

11 Dec 2003

Phoebe Palmieri uses four case studies to examine how human resource practices of TAFE institutes have changed to accommodate flexible delivery and the changing roles of staff. The report reveals that a whole of organisation customer-service philosophy is a useful basis for flexible delivery and...

Research report

1 Dec 2003

This bulletin presents the results of analyses of the prevalence of overweight and obesity for a range of different subgroups of Australian adults over the period 1989-90 to 2001. These comparisons between subgroups are referred to as differentials. The characteristics examined include basic demographic details...

Research report

10 Dec 2003

This report examines the influence of a range of factors on the literacy and numeracy achievement levels of Year 9 students in Australia. The data are from the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY), which studies the progress of cohorts of young Australians as they...

Research report

10 Dec 2003

The federal government is anxious about the rapidly growing cost of the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS), which subsidises the cost of approved medicines to Australian consumers. Donald J. Wright suggests there are two avenues through which the government can reduce the cost of the PBS....

Research report

10 Dec 2003

In this paper prepared for the Democratic Audit of Australia, Ernst Willheim notes that parliamentary procedures for tabling and disallowance of delegated legislation, together with restrictions on the remaking of regulations that have been disallowed, enable considerable scrutiny of the Executive. However, Government action in...

Research report

10 Dec 2003

Recent debate on welfare reform has acknowledged the important role of economic and social participation. This report reviews current knowledge on social and economic participation by FaCS customers, identifies the factors that determine different types and levels of participation among different groups of customers, and...

Research report

1 Dec 2003

Tony Kryger provides an analysis of certain labour force characteristics of families from the 2001 Census of Population and Housing for Commonwealth Electoral Divisions. It seeks to measure the extent of labour market disadvantage experienced by families by providing a basis on which to make...

Research report

8 Dec 2003

The community can be protected in the longer term by minimising the likelihood of ex-prisoners reoffending after they are released. One strategy for reducing the risk of recidivism is the provision of treatment, services and support to prisoners during their incarceration and after their release....

Research report

8 Dec 2003

This project entailed a set of overlapping research strands that together should provide State housing agencies with the evidence base to develop effective forms of intervention to address anti-social behaviour.

Authors: Keith Jacobs, Kathy Arthurson, Rob White and Jed Donoghue

Research report

8 Dec 2003

Paul Memmott, Stephen Long, Catherine Chambers and Frederick Spring analyse categories of Indigenous homeless people from the literature, profiling a number of good practice responses to such needs categories in the field. This research builds on an earlier stage of work funded by the federal...

Research report

5 Dec 2003

Recent comments by Australian negotiators indicate that the US is seeking changes to Australia's intellectual property laws, particularly as they relate to pharmaceuticals. Such changes have the capacity to undermine the effectiveness of the pharmaceutical benefits scheme and lead to higher costs in Australia. Buddhima...

Essay

5 Dec 2003

The way that land is at the heart of Australian dream: the source of wealth and security, spirituality and belonging is explored in the second Griffith Review : Dreams of Land. As interest rates rise it might be time to rethink the national hobby of...

Research report

4 Dec 2003

This comprehensive and authoritative source of national information on welfare services in Australia covers welfare services expenditure, the welfare services labour force, children's and family services, child protection, housing assistance, services for homeless people, ageing and aged care services and disability services. The report also...

Research report

3 Dec 2003

Does Europe need a Constitution? The general consensus is that the European Union needs a Constitution because it does not have one in the true sense of the term. This paper will evaluate whether or not the living Constitution upon which the Union is based,...

Research report

3 Dec 2003

This report focuses on the 'economic' concept of poverty. In Australia, different data sources have led to quite different estimates of poverty. The authors examine the proximate causes of child poverty and canvass a range of policy strategies to address this. It is argued that...

Research report

3 Dec 2003

This report is the result of a series of forums and a survey facilitated by COTA National Seniors Partnership. The focus of the project was grandparents raising grandchildren full-time or as primary carers for extended periods. The project was funded from the Commonwealth Government's Child...

Research report

3 Dec 2003

Opinion polls have become an accepted component of political life. Poll results are perceived to be an accurate gauge of the public's mood and arguably influence all aspects of politics, from party leadership to policy proposals. Two new research notes form the basis for a...

Research report

3 Dec 2003

In September 2003, financial market economists applauded the Federal government's announcement of a $7.5 billion budget surplus for 2002-03. While government and business have supported the continued pursuit of surpluses for many reasons, the theme underlying the pro-surplus rhetoric has become centred on so-called intergenerational...

Research report

3 Dec 2003

There are significant disparities in employment growth rates across metropolitan and regional areas of Australia. The capital cities typically fare better in terms of lower unemployment rates and higher employment growth and appear to be able to recover from recession more easily. This research paper...

Research report

1 Dec 2003

In July 2003, the federal government released an exposure draft of legislation (Charities Bill 2003) which seeks to redefine what constitutes a charitable organisation. It also asked the Board of Taxation to conduct a public enquiry to determine the criteria for organisations to be given...

Research report

2 Dec 2003

In mid-October 2003, the Attorney-General announced the creation of a new National Threat Assessment Centre (NTAC), to be housed within ASIO and staffed by secondees from police, security and other relevant agencies. As a 24-hour unit dedicated to analysing threats to the security of Australian...

Research report

2 Dec 2003

Good corporate citizenship integrates social, ethical, environmental, economic and philanthropic values in the core decision-making processes of a business. Until recently, the focus of the corporate citizenship debate has been on why being good is good for business. Today, however, the focus is on the...

Research report

2 Dec 2003

David de Vaus, Matthew Gray, David Stanton explore the valuable economic contributions made by older people to Australian society through the time they spend in voluntary work and in unpaid caring in their own household, to their family members in other households, and to non-family...