February 2004

Research report

29 Feb 2004

One of the strategies the Australian government has put in place since 2001 for dealing with the arrival of unauthorised people by boat is the excision of islands around northern Australia from the migration zone. The government claims this deters people from making the trip...

Briefing paper

29 Feb 2004

Updating an earlier research note, Marilyn Harrington briefly explains the system of Commonwealth funding for schools and describes some of the trends in Commonwealth funding for schools since 1996.

Research report

27 Feb 2004

The census presents the results of a comprehensive national data collection of Day Therapy Centres and their care recipients. The Day Therapy Centre Program subsidises a range of therapies for frail older people living in the community and for residents of Australian government funded residential...

Research report

27 Feb 2004

Richard Webb reviews developments in Commonwealth road funding in the 1990s and examines associated majorissues. The paper also contains the most recent data.

Research report

27 Feb 2004

This report provides a background to defining and measuring National Health Priority Area indicators for asthma. The issues surrounding the selection, operational definition and measurement of indicators for asthma are presented. The report incorporates the view of stakeholders who were consulted in the development process...

Research report

27 Feb 2004

Morag Donaldson examines the main legislative provisions of the system of fault-based divorce which existed under the Matrimonial Causes Act 1959 and the main legislative provisions of the current system of no-fault divorce under the Family Law Act 1975.

Research report

26 Feb 2004

Accounting separation provides separate accounts for wholesale and retail operations. The accounting separation regime has evolved into its current form over a number of years. Its legislative basis is section 151BU of the Trade Practices Act 1974 which enables the ACCC to make record keeping...

Commentary

Article

25 Feb 2004

THE RECENT hunger strike and lip-stitching protest by detainees on the Pacific island of Nauru has again thrown the spotlight on Canberra’s harsh approach to asylum seekers. The hunger strikers are among 264 detainees still held in rudimentary camps in the tiny Republic of Nauru....

Research report

1 Dec 2003

The primary focus of this paper is to estimate future growth in the Australian dental labour force and subsequently model the future capacity of the dental labour force to supply dental visits in Australia. Projections to the year 2015 of the dentist, dental therapist, dental...

Research report

1 Mar 2004

Taiwan's first referendum: democratic milestone or diplomatic millstone?

Website

25 Feb 2004

This new network seeks to develop a series of interdisciplinary models of best practice in social and environmental sustainability, using the Murray-Darling Basin as a major case study. Members are drawn from university and government research centres and have expertise in a wide range of...

Research report

25 Feb 2004

This study evaluates the costs and consequences of the provision of the prison methadone program in NSW, compared with no prison methadone. It shows that, despite significant barriers to efficiency, prison methadone compares favourably to community based methadone on the basis of cost alone.

Research report

25 Feb 2004

This publication presents an overview of the aggregate shortage of the dental labour force and considers the policy directions to close the supply-demand gap. While both short-term and long-term directions are presented, the focus is on longer term directions for Australia to develop a sustainable...

Research report

25 Feb 2004

Gianni Zappala examines the relationship between corporate community involvement (CCI) - the social dimension of corporate citizenship - and human resource management. He finds that, despite the positive effects that CCI can have on employee motivation, morale commitment and teamwork, the human resource management function...

Research report

25 Feb 2004

Prepared by the Allen Consulting Group for the Affordable Housing Forum, this report documents an investigation of policy options to finance an increased supply of affordable rental housing. This is needed because the shortage of such housing limits low-income households' access to employment and services,...

Research report

24 Feb 2004

This report on the Real Learning Real Futures (RLRF) Program is provided to assist other schools and areas to examine one response to the diverse needs of young people within and through secondary schools.

A national seminar convened by the DSF in...

Research report

23 Feb 2004

In Australia most social housing is provided by state government agencies with a small community housing sector, and the total social housing sector accounts for 5 per cent of stock. Since the 1990s governments have introduced 'managerialist' reforms to the sector in order to increase...

Research report

23 Jan 2004

Terry Burke provides a conceptual framework for understanding why and how indigenous cultures require culturally specific management practices in social housing, illustrating these issues with reference to Indigenous housing in Australia. The framework is adapted from the field of intercultural management and is used to...

Research report

20 Feb 2004

This paper analyses trends in 'traditional apprenticeships' (as defined within the report), compared to those in 'other' apprenticeship contracts, since 1996. It shows that growth in the apprenticeships and trainees system has mostly been outside traditional apprenticeships. The analysis concludes that traditional apprenticeships were mostly...

Journal article

17 Dec 2014

This paper reports findings from a survey of former students from six Australian rural school clusters. It compares the experiences and outcomes of students who had participated in a school vocational education and training (VET) program with those who had not. School VET courses intended...

Research report

16 Feb 2004

The adult and community (ACE) sector and technical and futher education (TAFE) institutes provide programs for young people which re-connect them to education. In this report Johanna Wyn, Helen Stokes and Debra Tyler suggest these programs and settings are considered effective pathways for some young...

Working paper

20 Feb 2004

Heather Booth and Leonie Tickle present new forecasts of sex- and age-specific mortality for four post-50 age groups and demonstrate the extent to which longevity is likely to increase over the lifetime of age cohorts now alive.

Research report

19 Feb 2004

The Attorney-General recently declared that the government had received advice that 'Lashkar-e-Taiba has links with Australia, and therefore does pose a threat to Australia and Australian interests'. Although the Attorney-General did not elaborate on the nature of the advice or the threat, the Indian High...

Research report

19 Feb 2004

This publication presents findings on edentulism (complete tooth loss), dental caries (decay) and periodontal (gum) disease among public dental patients between 1995-96 and 2001-02. Adults eligible for public dental care are primarily persons on low incomes who hold government entitlement cards such as aged pensioners...

Research report

27 Jan 2006

This work examined the links between increased dwelling densities introduced through urban consolidation policy and the spatial concentration of socio-economic disadvantage in Melbourne.

Research report

18 Feb 2004

This report presents the results of a comprehensive national data collection of Extended Aged Care at Home (EACH) providers and care recipients. This program, established in 2001, enables frail-aged people to remain in their homes through the support of coordinated packages of high level care....

Research report

16 Feb 2004

This report describes the vocational education and training (VET) policy environment leading to the 1992 Australian National Training Authority Agreement and the prevailing policy environment 10 years on. The Agreement sought to establish a unified national system of VET with joint Commonwealth, state and territory...

Research report

1 Aug 2003

Tenancy databases are electronic databases operated by commercial market providers from which, for a fee, property managers can obtain information regarding prospective tenants. They are used to screen prospective tenants and so reduce property owners' exposure to rental tenancy risks. With increasing dependence on the...

Commentary

Article

16 Feb 2004

This paper considers changes to legislation, policy and law enforcement operations that occurred or were proposed in 2002-03. The starting point for the legislation reviewed is the Commonwealth's amendment of customs regulations, from 20 December 2002, to prohibit the importation of handguns and handgun parts...

Research report

10 Feb 2004

The Census collects data on a broad range of social and economic aspects of the Australian population.

This Current Issues Brief provides data on four summary indexes derived from the 2001 Census of Population and Housing.

Video

13 Feb 2004

This short video features workers and vocational education and training (VET) students discussing their views on generic skills, including how they acquire these skills, which ones are important, and the role of the workplace in fostering generic skills. The video was produced as a 'scene...

Conference paper

13 Feb 2004

The costs associated with an ageing population in Australia are putting increasing pressure on the fiscal resources of the government. This pressure will intensify as the proportion of elderly doubles over the next few decades. Under this increasing fiscal pressure, the government will be increasingly...

Other text

8 Nov 2003

Is it our constitution, grounded as it was on fear and Empire dependency and the interests of the home country, that is a millstone around our neck, or is it simply that we lack the confidence and the courage to live up to the opportunities...

Research report

12 Feb 2004

Prepared for the Association of Superannuation Funds of Australia, this report provides new estimates of the income older Australians need for a comfortable, sustainable standard of living. For a 70 year old woman in September 2003 the standard was $611.50; for a man, $597.50; and...

Research report

12 Feb 2004

This bulletin examines levels and trends in the prevalence of obesity in the context of an ageing populations and the likely health and economic consequences. The focus is confined to obesity rather than lesser degrees of overweight because obesity has significant health consequences at all...

Research report

10 Feb 2004

What should a public servant be able to say publicly about government matters? In August 2001, both civilian and military arms of Defence issued new instructions severely restricting staff contact with the media. Even tighter restrictions were imposed on Operation Relex, which interdicted people-smuggling operations...

Briefing paper

11 Feb 2004

This paper examines the many events that have occurred since 2001 that have had an impact on medical litigation. There have been numerous legislative changes in NSW, including an overhaul of health care and civil liability law. United Medical Protection (UMP), the principal medical defence...

Commentary

Article

11 Feb 2004

The free trade deal compromises important Australian industries for scant gain.

There was no way the Australian trade negotiators were going to fly home from Washington empty-handed. The Howard government’s commitment to farmers that there would be no free trade agreement without significant improvements...

Research report

21 Jan 2004

A recent Australia Institute report dismissing non-government schools as irrelevant to student achievement is seriously flawed, argues Jennifer Buckingham. The report contends that parents would be wiser to save money they might spend on non-government schooling, and use it for a full-fee university place. Its...

Research report

10 Feb 2004

This Research Note explains how the US Presidency is decided.

Research report

10 Feb 2004

The High Court in Shaw v Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs (December 2003) has decreed that all British settlers who arrived in Australia after 1949 are 'aliens' unless they have become Australian citizens. Any non-citizen British migrants can now be expelled from Australia if,...

Conference paper

10 Feb 2004

Barbara Pocock, John Buchanan and Iain Campbell examine policy options to contain the expansion of casual work in Australia. The first part of the paper briefly summarises the evidence on casual work and why it is a problem in Australia. The second part looks at...

Commentary

Article

10 Feb 2004

Pragmatic community-mindedness can work for Latham, argues David Burchell

MARK LATHAM’S ALP Conference address on ‘Enduring Labor Values’ gave the new Labor leader his first serious opportunity to sketch out his political philosophy. Up to that point it wasn’t easy for the average...

Research report

10 Feb 2004

There has been ongoing speculation as to whether, and if so how, the Commonwealth Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) might be affected by US-Australian Free Trade negotiations. The US pharmaceutical industry has been concerned about the role played by the PBS, and other arrangements in Australia,...

Research report

30 Dec 2003

In their Trends and Issues paper, 'Red Flags of Fraud', Grabosky and Duffield (2001) identified a number of warning signals for fraud, or anomalies. While the existence of anomalies is not always indicative of criminality, they do signify heightened risks that should be investigated further....

Research report

5 Feb 2004

This note discusses some recent projections of future costs to the Commonwealth Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme. Author, Maurice Rickard, observes that care should be taken in basing future projections on past PBS growth trends and in comparing PBS growth with growth in other areas of Commonwealth...

Research report

4 Feb 2004

Notwithstanding the differences, the Australian and American Senates are comparable in being among the very strongest upper houses in the world, and in demonstrating the value of bicameralism in democratic governance. US political scientist Stanley Bach analyses the major differences between the Australian and US...

Research report

4 Feb 2004

Highly effective schools - that is, schools that achieve high standards regardless of gender, family backgrounds or socioeconomic status - have a number of features in common. Geoff Masters discusses these in this article.

Research report

10 Feb 2004

While much of the AUSFTA negotiations involve 'market access' issues - direct and explicit trade barriers such as tariffs and quotas - domestic laws that discriminate against the other party's goods and services or are otherwise considered unfavourable to the other party's producers are also...

Research report

1 Feb 2004

This paper makes a number of recommendations for [Tasmania's] State Parliament to introduce new 'patron care' strategies that would increase consumer protection in gaming venues. Anglicare's recommendations can be found on pages 8 and 9 of the report. Research shows that regular players of poker...

Research report

1 Feb 2004

VCOSS advocates that there are a number of core principles that should frame the development of a new Vocational Education and Training (VET) fees and charges policy.