March 2004

Research report

31 Mar 2004

Currently, there is much debate regarding income tax rates and possible tax cuts. Part of this debate concerns higher income earners and whether they should receive tax cuts--either through lowering their marginal tax rate and/or increasing the income threshold at which their marginal tax rate...

Commentary

Article

31 Mar 2004

The Centre for Public Policy, in association with the Brotherhood of St Laurence, Deakin University, Committee for Economic Development Australia and the National Institute of Economic and Industry Research, has embarked on a research project titled From Risk to Opportunity: Labour Markets in Transition. The...

Research report

29 Mar 2004

In this paper Andrew Kopras provides a concordance of postcodes to Commonwealth electoral divisions, based on the results ofthe 2001 Census. This is an update of Research Paper 12, 2000-01, and reflects changes to electoral boundaries brought about by recent electoral redistributions. The concordance will...

Briefing paper

29 Mar 2004

The Australian Electoral Commission made public the 2002-03 annual disclosure returns for political parties, associated entities and donors on 2 February 2004. A month later, the Senate resuscitated an inquiry into the disclosure of donations to political parties and candidates. In this Research Note Sarah...

Research report

29 Mar 2004

This report is the outcome of a project undertaken for the Australian government's Department of Health and Ageing on the consistency and comparability of dependency information across three aged and community care programs: Home and Community Care, Aged Care Assessment Program and Community Aged Care...

Research report

29 Mar 2004

The Department of Social Security makes, or has made in the past, a number of payments for able bodied workforce aged people. This paper traces the history of each of these payments from their introduction to the present day. A brief history is provided to...

Working paper

24 Mar 2004

This paper traces the development of the first private company set up by Aboriginal people in Western Australia. It aims to draw out structural elements of early organisations that can shed light on contemporary Indigenous organisations set up to harness economic and social development from...

Briefing paper

22 Mar 2004

Stephen Barber and Andrew Kopras take recently published postcode taxation statistics and aggregate them to an electorate basis. Summary information on such items as taxpayers, taxable income, tax paid and net tax ratio are shown for each electorate in Australia. Six tables ranking the electorates...

Research report

20 Mar 2004

Judith Yates, Maryann Wulff and Margaret Reynolds analyse 2001 census data to determine the mismatch (or otherwise) between the supply of and the need for low rent housing.

Discussion paper

20 Mar 2004

In this report, Tony Melhuish and Anthony King provide baseline projections for local government areas of potential demand for housing assistance by household characteristics.

Commentary

Article

20 Mar 2004

ACER's Research Director of Early Childhood Education, Alison Elliott, recently contributed the following opinion article to Brisbane's Courier Mail newspaper regarding trends for suspending students from school.

Research report

20 Mar 2004

We have reason to worry about the FTA, argues Ken Harvey. The principles of the agreement focus entirely on the rights of manufacturers of innovative pharmaceutical products, neglecting the rights of consumers to gain access to affordable drugs. The agreement leaves out the key principle...

Research report

17 Mar 2004

This report outlines efforts by Kaanju families to develop a comprehensive framework for the management of traditional lands and their associated resources on Kaanju homelands. Based at the Chuula homeland camp on the upper Wenlock River in central Cape York, Kaanju people are attempting to...

Research report

17 Mar 2004

Significant work is being undertaken to develop the capacity of Indigenous communities to govern their own services and adult literacy is clearly seen as a major factor in the participation of Indigenous people in community development and the capacity building processes. Yet little research...

Research report

10 Mar 2004

This report investigates the views of TAFE teachers, school teachers and school students on vocational education and training (VET) in Schools programs. They discovered most schools agree that offering vocational education and training VET programs as part of the higher school certificate is a useful...

Research report

17 Mar 2004

Anne Daly and Diane Smith examine the analytic usefulness and practical implications of the concepts of 'exclusion' and 'inclusion' in a cross-cultural context. The focus is on the socioeconomic wellbeing of Indigenous children, in the context of the families and households in which they live,...

Research report

17 Mar 2004

AMP/ NATSEM Income and Wealth Report 7 looks at the savings and debts of people aged 50-69 - those about to retire and those just retired - to try and identify what happens to their superannuation and why it is not providing them with more...

Research report

29 Feb 2004

Violence, threats and intimidation confront many professionals working in the area of child protection. Freda Briggs, Donna Broadhurst and Russell Hawkins find that workers across a range of professions may be subjected to a variety of stressful and damaging behaviours that can impact on their...

Commentary

Article

12 Mar 2004

Clearer funding responsibilities would strengthen federalism, says John Quiggin

THE quasi-campaign atmosphere of the past few weeks has produced a string of leaks and semi-announcements of policy on both sides. By far the most interesting is the report that the Prime Minister may...

Commentary

Article

12 Mar 2004

AUSTRALIANS have debated the merits of bills of rights on and off since before Federation. More recently, proposals were put forward by the Whitlam and Hawke governments for federal bills of rights. None of these proposals has succeeded. This has left Australia as the only...

Commentary

Article

12 Mar 2004

Misjudged action may undermine the alliance, argues Derek Woolner

IN ITS ADVICE to the Howard government before the war against Iraq, the Defence Intelligence Organisation judged that Iraq might not have built any weapons of mass destruction after 1991. From holding a similarly...

Research report

12 Mar 2004

In this audit Graeme Orr assesses key aspects of Australia's electoral systems against the ideal of political equality. Political equality means formal equality (treating people equally as electors), and it requires systems that are representative and inclusive, accessible to all and competitive (so that elections...

Briefing paper

12 Mar 2004

The last few years have seen a transformation of the scale, characteristics and significance of international population movements. There has been a massive increase in global movement and an increase in the complexity of the types of movement--permanent and temporary, legal and illegal, forced and...

Research report

12 Mar 2004

The 2002-03 Crisis Accommodation Program collection was the fourth and final collection to occur under the 1999 Commonwealth-State Housing Agreement (CSHA). The 1999 CSHA aims to facilitate access to affordable, appropriate and secure housing for people on low incomes and people with special needs. Under...

Research report

12 Mar 2004

The 2002-03 home purchase assistance collection was the fourth and final collection to occur under the 1999 CSHA. The 1999 CSHA aims to facilitate access to affordable, appropriate and secure housing for people on low incomes and people with special needs. Under this CSHA a...

Research report

12 Mar 2004

Free and fair elections are the basic building blocks of democracy. Over time the Queensland electoral system has been subject to the vagaries of political manipulation in three main ways: zonal malapportionment, boundary manipulation (gerrymandering) and changes to the methods of counting valid votes. John...

Research report

12 Mar 2004

The 2002-03 Private Rent Assistance collection is the fourth and final data collection to occur under the 1999 Commonwealth-State Housing Agreement (CSHA). The 1999 CSHA aims to facilitate access to affordable, appropriate and secure housing for people on low incomes and people with special needs....

Research report

10 Mar 2004

ACOSS proposes reforms to family assistance payments estimated to cost $2.5 billion. Over one million families would benefit from the plan which. is designed to ease financial hardship, help families with young children juggle jobs and care, and reduce poverty traps.

Research report

10 Mar 2004

There are 650,000 families caring for a child under three years, of whom around half a million need more financial help. To assist these families, ACOSS proposes the following changes to assistance with the costs of care for babies and toddlers: a universal maternity benefit;...

Research report

10 Mar 2004

The Australian government's National Influenza Vaccine Program for Older Australians funds free vaccine for Australians aged 65 years and older. Conducted in October 2003, almost 8000 Australians aged 40 years and older participated in the 2003 survey and were asked about their recent medical and...

Research report

10 Mar 2004

Downshifters are people who make a voluntary decision to reduce their income in order to improve the quality of their lives. In this study Christie Breakspear and Clive Hamiliton explore in detail the life changes and attitudes of downshifters by way of extensive interviews and...

Research report

9 Mar 2004

This is one of a number of Information and Research Services Products being developed to address various facets of the proposed Free Trade Agreement and which will be progressively released over coming weeks. David Richardson looks at how the agreement treats foreign investment.

Briefing paper

9 Mar 2004

In the 2003-4 budget, the government proposed changes to the excise (and customs duty) on some fuels. On 16 December 2003, the government announced changes to these proposals. In this research note Richard Webb sets out how the government now proposes to tax certain fuels.

Briefing paper

9 Mar 2004

Labour hire is an alternative form of employment to the direct employer-employee relationship. Labour hire involves relationships between a principal, an employment agency and the person performing the tasks. While labour hire arrangements have been a feature of the Australian labour market for decades, the...

Research report

5 Mar 2004

Overweight, and in particular obesity, is known to be associated with numerous adverse health conditions. This bulletin, which complements other work produced by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) on overweight and obesity, investigates the relationship between this growing public health problem and...

Research report

3 Mar 2004

Despite good intentions and considerable funding in recent years, educational outcomes for Indigenous students remain well behind those of non-Indigenous students. Suzanne Mellor and Matthew Corrigan argue that Indigenous education policy in Australia continues to be too loosely based on research findings, contributing to a...

Research report

3 Mar 2004

Does increasing the minimum wage lead to employment losses? For decades conventional wisdom has said 'yes' to this question but, at present, the literature on the topic in Europe and the United States is evenly divided. A recent Australian study which examined the impact of...

Research report

2 Mar 2004

This report provides important information for those who manage training institutions and are committed to making the learning environment more supportive for people with a disability. It looks at how the vocational education and training system currently allocates funds to support students with a disability,...

Research report

2 Mar 2004

Some students, who complete a preparatory or pre-vocational course in the vocational education and training (VET) sector, re-enrol in the same 'enabling' course or at the same level of qualification in following years. Findings of this report indicate that re-enrolling in enabling courses offers positive...

Research report

2 Mar 2004

In this research paper Richard Webb examines the rationale for Commonwealth government involvement in infrastructure provision, how it influences the provision of infrastructure, and trends in that influence. In particular, it seeks to delineate the role that the Commonwealth plays as distinct from that of...