April 2004

Research report

30 Apr 2004

Australia, being one of the driest countries on earth, will not be able to escape the pressures of an increasing population and a finite supply of water. Already, Sydney is using 106 percent of the annual sustainable yield of its water supplies. This paper looks...

Research report

30 Apr 2004

There is increasing interest in men's involvement in child care due to declining popular support for the traditional sexual division of labour, greater 'gender equity', men's own increased interest in fathering, and corporations seeking to become 'employers of choice' for skilled employees. Michael Bittman, Sonia...

Research report

30 Apr 2004

In August 2001 the Australian Catholic University announced that its new General Staff Enterprise Bargaining Agreement included a provision for one year's paid maternity leave - 12 weeks on full pay and a further 40 weeks on 60 per cent pay. Denise Thompson Michael Bittman...

Research report

30 Apr 2004

The centre has developed a sustainable path to full employment, the Job Guarantee program. Its latest work in this area has been developed into a proposal for a Community Development Job Guarantee focusing on the long-term and youth unemployed. Under the proposal, the federal government...

Research report

29 Apr 2004

Bruce Johnson outlines the 'micropolitical strategies' of school leadership teams dealing with local school reform. The strategies challenge many of the orthodoxies of educational managerialism, as the schools used the 'positive politics' of negotiation, collaboration and conflict resolution to address issues of local concern, rather...

Research report

29 Apr 2004

Past research has often analysed the gendered impacts of government budgets, but not many projects have attempted to change the budget decision-making process. In this paper Rhonda Sharp and Sanjugta Vas Dev examine a project in the Republic of the Marshall Islands that sought to...

Research report

28 Apr 2004

The CLC's 8 April 2004 response to the Australian Broadcasting Authority concerning its report, Investigation relating to the sponsorship of the Alan Jones Program pursuant to an agreement between Telstra Corporation and Macquarie Radio Network Pty Ltd.

Research report

28 Apr 2004

The Columbus Pilot project conducted in the Family Court of Western Australia during 2001-2003, was established to deal with cases that are characterised by violence. Paul Murphy and Lis Pike of the School of Psychology, Edith Cowan University, discuss how the Columbus process of jointly...

Research report

28 Apr 2004

Following the leaking of the ABA's draft report on Alan Jones and 2GB and the sponsorship agreement with Telstra Corporation, the CLC responded to the program's request for an analysis of the draft on 16 April 2004.

Research report

26 Apr 2004

Sean McNelis and Terry Burke aim to evaluate the need and potential for reform of rent setting and the rental system in Australia through an examination of literature and an audit of current policies and practices.

Research report

AHURI positioning paper
26 Apr 2004

In this interdisciplinary study, Andrew Jones, Martin Bell, Cheryl Tilse and George Earl scope the policy issues, clarify policy choices and develop a programme of research in the provision of good quality, affordable rental housing for older Australians who are not home owners.

Research report

26 Apr 2004

Terry Burke, Richard Slaughter and Joseph Voros use foresight methodology to examine the effect of major economic, technological and social trends and to develop a small number of scenarios about the nature of Australia's housing system in the future.

Discussion paper

26 Apr 2004

One important indicator of the successful assimilation of migrants is their relative success in finding employment in different labour market conditions. In this paper, Prem Thapa analyses the risk of unemployment among male immigrants compared to native-born Australians for two different periods in which overall...

Research report

23 Apr 2004

Susan Gelade and Tom Stehlik examine the impact of urban, regional, and remote location on Indigenous vocational education and training (VET) students' aspirations and outcomes. They finds the availability of desired courses, teaching staff, and community attitudes to learning in the various locations influence the...

Research report

23 Apr 2004

Group training is an Australian initiative to encourage the employment of apprentices and trainees. Duncan Macdonald, Phillip Toner and Nic Croce examine the structure and function of group training organisations (GTOs) over time and identify the factors that drive GTOs to change their structure and...

Essay

23 Apr 2004

In this essay from the Webs of Power edition, Julian Thomas describes an ambitious project in a much-studied public-housing estate in inner Melbourne to subvert the 'digital divide' by giving the residents access to computers and the internet. Critics regard this as window-dressing but those...

Research report

1 Jan 2004

A change of education policy in South Australia allowed Chris Ryan to study the impact of an additional year of junior primary school on student achievement. It appears that the extra year increased numeracy and literacy performance in mid-secondary school significantly, among boys and girls...

Research report

21 Apr 2004

This study by ACER for the Smith Family found that family wealth has a weak affect on students' post-school plans. Gender, ability and vocational orientation are the most important factors influencing post-school plans. The report describes the post-school plans of a group of young Australians...

Research report

21 Apr 2004

Indigenous Australian children begin school with similar levels of literacy and numeracy to their non-Indigenous classmates but fall behind as they move through the early years, according to this report by Tracey Frigo, Matthew Corrigan, Isabelle Adams, Paul Hughes, Maria Stephens and Davina Woods. The...

Research report

21 Apr 2004

Bruce Chapman, Linda Botterill and Michael Egan outline the advantages and disadvantages of income-related loans for drought relief as an alternative to the existing interest rate subsidy scheme.

Research report

20 Apr 2004

One of the most important features of representative democracy is the strength of the linkages between citizens and elected representatives. It is commonly thought that the electoral system, particularly the ballot structure used when citizens cast a vote, plays an important role in this process....

Research report

20 Apr 2004

This data briefing explores self-reported leisure-time physical activity and selected dietary behaviours collected in the 2001 National Health survey and analyses how they vary by weight status for adults aged 20 years and over.

Research report

20 Apr 2004

Ever since above-the-line voting was introduced for the Australian Senate in 1984 there has been concern over what happens with preferences under this system. Marian Sawer examines the problems of this voting system and looks at options for reform.

Research report

20 Apr 2004

This report estimates the nutrient content in the food supply, from which assessments can be made as to whether the nutrients available for consumption in Australia are adequate to meet the needs of the population.

Research report

20 Apr 2004

This electronic brief provides a survey of parliamentary debate during the establishment of the parliamentary pension scheme for senators and members. By outlining the basis upon which the Parliamentary Retiring Allowances Bill 1948 was introduced, the e-brief hopes to assist debate on proposed changes to...

Research report

16 Apr 2004

Unsubstantiated claims that boys suffer because there are too few male teachers in primary schools are no reason to tamper with human rights legislation, argues Tony Smith. There are non-discriminatory ways of supporting all adolescents as they grow to adulthood. Rather than make ideological claims,...

Research report

15 Apr 2004

Jock Given reports that there were many flaws in the electronic pork barrel that was supposed to network this nation. He discusses telecommunications in Australia, the privatisation of Telstra and the effect telecommunications privatisation has had on dispersed Australian communities' ability to network.

Research report

15 Apr 2004

While state legislatures have enacted laws that remove men's licence to rape women with whom they share marital or established relationships, our understanding of whether this resulted in effectively changing the social, cultural and legal response to sexual violence by male intimate partners is surprisingly...

Research report

14 Apr 2004

The NSW Law Reform Commission is considering a proposal that all closed circuit television (CCTV) surveillance camera footage older than 21 days should be destroyed. They are worried that stockpiling information on people's daily lives and lawful routines violates civil liberties. In this paper Conde...

Research report

14 Apr 2004

In addition to providing the story of past populations, historical demography helps inform us why populations are the way they are, and allows us some insight into population futures. In this paper Rebecca Kippen and David Lucas survey the sources for Australian historical demography, both...

Research report

13 Apr 2004

Patricia Hyde, Berwyn Clayton and Robin Booth survey the diversity of flexible delivery and assessment arrangements across the Australian vocational education and training (VET) sector. They show that while assessment practice in flexible delivery is underpinned by training packages and course curriculum factors, other issues...

Research report

13 Apr 2004

Peter Kearns provides a consolidation of national and international work discussing the contribution vocational education and training (VET) provides to social capital, and the implications this concept has for VET policy and practice.

Research report

13 Apr 2004

Boarding houses are an important source of low cost accommodation in most Australian cities. In this project Emma Greenhalgh, John Minnery, Anne Miller, Nicole Gurran, Peter Phibbs and Keith Jacobs examine the potential role of government in protecting and encouraging this form of accommodation. The...

Research report

13 Apr 2004

In this report David John identifies student characteristics - demographic and life-stage factors - which influence successful completion of of vocational education and training (VET) subjects. It finds the likelihood of passing an assessed VET subject is significantly reduced for people who are Indigenous, have...

Research report

13 Apr 2004

In his submission to the Senate Legal and Constitutional Committee inquiry into an Australian republic, George Williams outlines immediate priorities that could be achieved by legislative rather than constitutional change, as well as the process by which an Australian republic might be achieved.

Research report

8 Apr 2004

The Hon Mr Paul Tovua, chairman of the Peace Council in the Solomon Islands, delivered the CDI's annual address on 8 March 2004. Mr Tovua commended the Australian-led Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands for its role in the restoration of law and order...

Research report

8 Apr 2004

There are strong arguments for and against a Bill of Rights (either statutory or constitutional) for Australia. These have been set out by people such as Peter Bailey, Justice Michael Kirby and Michael Zander. George Williams summarises the main arguments.

Research report

8 Apr 2004

Stephen Sherlock surveys the political parties and the new electoral system in Indonesia. He outlines the details of Indonesia's new constitutional and electoral process and analyses the effects that the new system may have on the future conduct of Indonesian politics. This study provides a...

Research report

8 Apr 2004

The independence of the auditor-general is now accepted as one of the important elements of accountability in democratic parliamentary systems like Australia. How well does the independence of Australia's auditors-general measure up though? In this paper Ken Coghill assesses each Australian jurisdiction, focusing particularly on...

Research report

8 Apr 2004

In this scoping paper for a study of parties and party systems in ethnically divided societies, Ben Reilly looks at the relationship between parties, ethnicity and democracy. The paper presents a survey of four different institutional and political strategies that have been used around the...

Research report

7 Apr 2004

This paper present findings of the review of the first year of collection of the National Community Mental Health Care Database, which is supplied to the AIHW under the specifications of the National Minimum Data Set for Community Mental Health Care.

Research report

7 Apr 2004

The ISR is working with the Australian Electoral Commission to develop a joint research project on Australian homeless people, voting and access to the ballot. A discussion paper is available online, calling for comment and for suggestions on how to contact homeless people.

Research report

7 Apr 2004

The Disability Support Pension (DSP) is more generous yet less demanding than unemployment assistance. Few commentators believe that a 117% increase in DSP claimants in 23 years reflects a real increase in disability and incapacity in the working-age population. Peter Saunders argues that DSP rules...

Research report

7 Apr 2004

The AIHW's report Australia's Welfare 2003 presented a set of broad summary indicators of the welfare of Australia's population, assembling indicators and data from authoritative Australian literature and statistical publications. This working paper presents the background research on which that material was based, together with...

Research report

7 Apr 2004

In this report Jon Hall and Mike Berry examine the trends in the financial performance of the eight state and territory housing authorities and Housing New Zealand Corporation over the period 1990-91 to 2000-01, and explore the factors influencing revenue and expenditure streams responsible for...

Research report

7 Apr 2004

One of the major challenges faced by state housing authorities engaged in housing estate regeneration/renewal programs is to sustain the benefits that accrue from an initial injection of resources. In this report Keith Jacobs, Kathy Arthurson and Bill Randolph explore the utility of exit strategies...

Research report

2 Apr 2004

The co-existing land interests of Aborigines and colonisers on northern Australian cattle stations had feudal qualities that helped sustain the cattle industry for over a century. Only since the Equal Wage decision of 1966 has the significance of these feudal land relations been realised: although...

Research report

2 Apr 2004

Innovative companies in emerging industries have diverse and important training needs. In this study Josie Misko and John Saunders examine the training requirements of emerging industries and the role Australia's vocational education and training (VET) sector plays to develop further employees' skills and knowledge. While...

Research report

2 Apr 2004

Group training organisations act as intermediaries between enterprises and apprentices and trainees to facilitate on- and off-the-job training. This report examines the role of these organisations in Australia's labour market. The authors find that, at their best, they help promote sustainable work-based learning solutions by...

Research report

2 Apr 2004

Both major parties propagate myths about young people. These myths label young people as a community problem that needs to be fixed. Ariadne Vromen argues that it is time to let go of these myths. We need to recognise that young people have a broad...

Research report

2 Apr 2004

The Queensland sugar industry is once again pleading for more government assistance. Alex Robson argues that such assistance does more harm than good and that the best course of action may be to abandon the notion of targeted regional assistance altogether.

Research report

2 Apr 2004

Accounts of Robert Menzies' electoral success in 1949 and Gough Whitlam's victory in 1972 invariably refer to the victors' electoral campaigns. By comparing and contrasting the organisation and execution of the successful campaigns of 1949 and 1972, Robert Crawford demonstrates how these campaigns helped usher...

Article

1 Apr 2004

It appears there is a particular concentration of well-connected individuals on Brisbane's public sector advisory boards. Six degrees of separation? Malcolm Alexander explores the small-world model and how social networks are responsible for unexpected consequences of small but familiar coincidences of social life. It appears...