May 2004

Report

31 May 2004

Victorian Privacy Commissioner Paul Chadwick raises important policy questions about the potential risks of a new slavery, as technology progressively allows us to collect data from individuals though their bodies. Detailing many of the potential uses of bodily data from newborn screening to the screening...

Report

31 May 2004

Australian governments for the last ten years or more have tried to reduce the use of the Australian court system by people refused the right to stay in this country. Various methods have been tried by governments of both persuasions - with limited success. In...

Report

31 May 2004

The Australia-US Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA) covers a number of issues and this paper by David Richardson deals with Chapter 17 on Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs). It first examines AUSFTA's attempts to entrench or enhance Australia's already strong IPRs. The general economic arguments are examined...

Report

14 May 2004

Commonwealth rent assistance (CRA) is a non-taxable income supplement paid through Centrelink to individuals and families who rent in the private rental market.

This bulletin addresses the characteristics of recipients; the accommodation used by recipients; the Centrelink client groups receiving CRA; comparison of recipients...

Report

28 May 2004

This publication provides statistical information on apprentices and trainees for the quarter ending 31 March 2004. An apprentice or trainee is a person undertaking vocational training through a contracted training arrangement.

Report

28 May 2004

Anthea Taylor provides insights into the school-to-work transition of 72 young people from a low-income region, who undertook an industry-specific school vocational education and training (VET) program. The training program was a one-year building and construction industry initiative, which involved schools, industry and TAFE. The...

Report

27 May 2004

Kirsty Sword Gusmão, the First Lady of East Timor and founding director of the Alola Foundation, discusses international security from the perspective of her experiences in East Timor. This is the transcript of a talk presented to RIAP's Women in International Security (Australia) initiative.

Report

24 May 2004

This research note provides background information on polling methods and highlights potential pitfalls in interpreting results. Such information may be especially useful in what is expected to be an election year, when polls are seen as particularly salient.

Report

27 May 2004

After heading two health inquiries in New South Wales and South Australia, John Menadue speaks his mind about the short comings of the Australian health system. Menadue challenges the management of public hospitals, the dominance of doctors, short term political solutions, allocation of health funds...

Report

27 May 2004

An analysis of overseas approaches to mitigating the problem of plastic bags indicates that there are two main approaches. One is to reduce the amount of plastic bags used in the first place, with initiatives aimed at consumers. The second method is aimed at the...

Report

27 May 2004

Tourism forms (directly and indirectly) around 8.7 per cent of Australian GDP. Although domestic tourism is the mainstay of Australia tourism, inbound tourism provides substantial export benefits. While the collapse of HIH, the events of September 11, the collapse of Ansett and the outbreak of...

Report

26 May 2004

The debate over whether the Australian public wants tax cuts or more spending on social services has been highlighted in the media recently in the wake of new surveys on the tax-spend trade-off and the tax cuts in the Budget. In this research paper Richard...

Report

26 May 2004

The Australian Senate should delay implementing legislation for the free trade agreement with the US, argues Thomas Faunce. Countries such as Brazil and Thailand, with large generic pharmaceutical industries, are looking to Australia for leadership in countering the US's bilateral push for global uniformly of...

Report

26 May 2004

In this report Prue Cameron and Jo Flanagan investigate the lives of Tasmanians with serious mental illness who are living on a low income from the perspective of people with a mental illness and their families. The research examines the interconnections between poverty and serious...

Report

24 May 2004

Should prisoners have the right to vote? This Current Issues Brief considers the arguments commonly used for and against the disenfranchisement of prisoners, both in Australia and internationally.

Report

24 May 2004

In 2003, over a quarter of all wage and salary earners were employed on a casual basis, and in the period since 1988 more than half of all new jobs created have gone to casual workers. Casual workers today are drawn from a wide cross-section...

Report

24 May 2004

Private school fees are not tax deductible in Australia. Nor are fees or levies paid to public schools. However, many private schools and some public schools operate building or library funds to which parents and ex-students are encouraged to make tax-deductible donations. These donations can...

Report

21 May 2004

The debate over the 'values' that should be taught in public and private schools has been heated. However, in Australia today private schools have a wide range of exemptions from state anti-discrimination legislation allowing them to expel children on the basis of their sexuality or...

Report

21 May 2004

This report identifies and briefly describes key Australian data collections relevant to assessing patterns of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm. The scope of this list is limited to mostly national data collections in the public domain. It includes an analysis of these alcohol data collections...

Report

20 May 2004

The average hours worked by full-time employees in Australia have increased since the late 1970s. This, combined with increases in female labour force participation, has led to concerns about the impact of long work hours on family life. In this paper Ruth Weston, Matthew Gray,...

Report

19 May 2004

The importance of close connections between vocational education and training (VET) systems and industry is highlighted in this report, particularly as Australia and Korea aim to meet the demands of globalised and knowledge-based economies. Tae-Hwa Jung, Josie Misko, Kisung Lee, Susan Dawe, Sun Yee Hong...

Report

19 May 2004

This report adds to the work on recognition of prior learning (RPL), particularly as it focuses on private registered training providers' RPL processes - how it is practised and the factors that facilitate or impede its implementation. Larry Smith report that advantages of RPL can...

Report

19 May 2004

Based on trends obtained from census data to 2001, a fall in rates of home ownership has been observed among Australians aged less than 35 years. Debate has arisen as to whether this fall is due to changing affordability (with the implication that, in the...

Report

19 May 2004

Of the people in living in Australia in 2001, 36 per cent reported their ancestry as Australian, an increase of 14 per cent since 1986, when 22 per cent of the population reported an Australian ancestry. In this report Siew-Ean Khoo and David Lucas examine...

Report

19 May 2004

Literacy and numeracy skills for adult learners is an important focus of the 2003 government/industry report Shaping our Future: Australia's National Strategy for Vocational Education and Training 2004-2010 . NCVER has contributed to national adult literacy and numeracy policy and practice with seven recently completed...

Journal article

18 May 2004

The commercialisation of genetically modified (GM) crops is being accompanied by a debate with scientific, social, ethical, legal and metaphysical dimensions. In the face of this complex debate, governments need to regulate GM crops in a way that minimises negative impacts on biological and social...

Report

18 May 2004

Political leaders have become more politically important over the past half century, although the extent which their electoral influence may have increased remains a matter of debate. In parliamentary systems, the promotion of leader images during national election campaigns is now as prominent - perhaps...

Report

18 May 2004

In the post-Vietnam era, no Australian government has placed such faith in the unbounded nature of American power, or in the rationality of American policymakers, as has the Howard government. Chris Reus-Smit discusses the character and implications of the government's approach to American power.

Report

17 May 2004

Illicit drugs attract a high level of political and social interest in Australia. While this means there is an abundance of information on the subject, it also makes it difficult to find reliable information quickly on particular aspects of the illicit drug issue. This e-brief...

Report

13 May 2004

This publication presents estimates of health expenditure on disease and injury in Australia in 2000-01, classified by disease or injury group, age and sex. The estimates are available by area of expenditure - hospitals, high-level residential aged care, medical services, other professional services, pharmaceuticals and...

Report

13 May 2004

In adopting resolutions mandating action, the Security Council is acting at times as both an executive and a legislature. It is a decision making body deciding on enforcement actions, peacekeeping missions, the imposition of sanctions or steps towards state building. The decisions are couched in...

Journal article

13 May 2004

Advances in handheld computing technology have meant that Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) are no longer simply electronic replacements for paper diaries, with current models capable of performing a wide range of functions. Such increased functionality has seen the rapid adoption of handhelds in the corporate...

Report

13 May 2004

Over the next two decades small scale technologies - micro technologies and nano technologies - will have profound effects on industrial products and processes, on the lives of individuals and on the nature of human society. Peter Sheehan, Kim Sweeny, Bruce Rasmussen, Greg Tegart and...

Discussion paper

12 May 2004

If Australia does choose to go down the path of modern treaty-making then inevitably it will be influenced by the opportunities created and the limitations imposed by the native title system, argues Sean Brennan.

Briefing paper

11 May 2004

Unauthorised arrivals found to be refugees and accepted into Australia are granted a three-year TPV with the option of applying for further protection at the end of the three years. Janet Phillips outlines TPV policy and legislation from its introduction in 1999, looks at the...

Report

11 May 2004

When Parliament enacted the Native Title Act 1993 it left fundamental questions to be resolved by the judiciary. High Court decisions in three test cases in 2002 substantially defined the potential of native title. Proceeding on a mistaken view of Parliament's intention, the court confirmed...

Report

8 May 2004

In December 2003, the Commonwealth and NSW ministers for transport announced that they had reached an agreement which will result in investment of $872 million in the NSW section of the interstate rail freight network, the Hunter Valley coal lines, and the Albury-Melbourne line. The...

Report

7 May 2004

Possessing generic or employability skills is vital in the current labour market. The vocational education and training (VET) sector, like other education sectors, must ensure its clients gain and develop generic skills. Edited by Jennifer Gibb, this volume of readings summarises NCVER managed research into...

Report

7 May 2004

Papers from this series of forums are now available online. Speakers include Julia Perry, Social Policy Research Centre, University of New South Wales; Juhani Ilmarinen, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health; and Craig Emerson MP, Federal Shadow Minister for Workplace Relations and the Public Service.

Report

6 May 2004

This report summarises the data collected in the census of the Community Aged Care Packages Program conducted between 16 September and 14 October 2002. The aim of the project was to gather data about CACP recipients, the assistance that they receive and providers of CACP...

Report

6 May 2004

Coastal shipping is an important component of the national transport task, carrying mostly heavy cargoes over long distances. But, as Richard Webb shows in this report, coastal shipping's share of the domestic transport task has fallen from around 40 to 28 per cent (measured in...

Report

6 May 2004

This submission to the Attorney-General of Australia concerning proposals for a National Defamation Law relates primarily to the proposed defence of 'honest and reasonable opinion' and its requirement that to be defensible a defamatory opinion must be one a reasonable person, aware of the facts...

Report

6 May 2004

For too many people it does not pay to work. Higher income earners pay more tax than almost anywhere else in the Western world, and lower and middle income earners face vicious 'effective marginal tax rates', as high income tax is exacerbated by the loss...

Report

5 May 2004

John Polesel, Merryn Davies and Richard Teese investigate students' learning experience at a technical and further education (TAFE) institute and determine the factors that influence students to continue or discontinue their studies. Students who reported satisfaction with their learning experience highlighted relationships with teaching staff...

Report

5 May 2004

This report presents the latest facts and figures on cardiovascular disease and its impact on the Australian community. This is a comprehensive source of information covering patterns of cardiovascular health and illness among Australians, their associated risk factors, treatment and management of the disease.

Report

4 May 2004

Labor and Liberal federal governments have been privatising the Australian welfare state by promoting the entry of private businesses into human service provision. Private businesses now deliver a much higher proportion of health, aged, and child care services than Australians think is ideal. It is...

Report

4 May 2004

The overall aim of this paper is not to present any answers, but to hopefully stimulate some questions about change in the Australian structure of cities.

Report

4 May 2004

Judith Healy examines the benefits that an ageing population will bring to many areas of Australian life and concludes that there is a silver lining to the fog of pessimism currently clouding the perceptions of policy makers and governments. While the costs of an ageing...

Report

4 May 2004

This report describes the characteristics and activity of Australia's mental health services including ambulatory and residential mental health-related care provided by hospitals, community-based services, general practitioners, private psychiatrists and some disability support services. Information on the broad trends in mental health care is presented in...

Discussion paper

4 May 2004

Many of the middle ring suburbs of Australian cities are ageing. Built largely in the four decades between 1930 and 1970, these suburbs represent the result of the first wave of large-scale low density urban expansion of Australian cities. The solutions to the problems these...

Report

4 May 2004

Commissioned by the NSW Nature Conservation Council with funding from the NSW Department of Environment and Conservation, Stuart White, Dana Cordell, Nina Lansbury and Natalina Nheu carried out an independent review of the Covenant system as it nears the end of its five year term....

Report

3 May 2004

This paper by Graeme Selleck, updated for the 2003-04 financial year, is designed to provide readers with a 'ready reckoner' - a simple, easy to use summary of superannuation taxation and preservation rules. It includes summaries of the latest changes to the superannuation system by...

Report

3 May 2004

Annie Abello and Ann Harding provide new information about how family incomes and the state of poverty of Australian households with children changed from year to year in the mid-1990s. The study is based on data from the Survey of Employment and Unemployment Patterns, a...

Report

3 May 2004

New South Wales is experiencing a shortage of early childhood trained staff in children's services for children under school age. Research has consistently identified the employment of qualified staff as an indicator of good quality child care. Prue Warrilow, Karen Fisher, Katherine Cummings, Jennifer Sumsion...