July 2004

Research report

30 Jul 2004

The lack of uniformity in defamation law between the states and territories has been the subject of much criticism for over twenty five years. The Commonwealth Attorney-General has put forward a broad blueprint for a nationally consistent law. Unless the states and territories agree to...

Research report

30 Jul 2004

In June 2004, in talks with South Korea, the US government raised a proposal that would see one third of the US military force currently in South Korea withdrawn. The US drawdown will have little military significance on the peninsula. Here in Australia, according to...

Research report

29 Jul 2004

This report is the fifth annual compilation of national data on this Australian government funded program designed to provide assistance to enable frail or older people with complex care needs to continue living in the community. The aim of this report is to highlight the...

Commentary

Article

28 Jul 2004

Two security breaches, a continent apart. One could be a false alarm, writes Jack Waterford, but the other...

LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, where they built the first atomic bomb, has been at a standstill for a week. Two computer disks containing classified information -...

Research report

27 Jul 2004

Much of the debate over the Australia-US Free Trade Agreement centres on whether and how it will affect the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme. In this Research Note Kate Burton examines the parts of AUSFTA that have caused the most concern and assesses their likely impact on...

Research report

27 Jul 2004

Lisanne Gibson reports on the selective govermental and societal understanding of cultural heritage significance in outdoor cultural objects and the reasons why this understanding needs to be broadened. She outlines the criteria of cultural heritage significance and outdoor cultural objects and the issues for current...

Research report

12 Jul 2004

Stephen Barber and Andrew Kopras provide taxation information for each division following the 2003 redistributions in Victoria, Queensland and South Australia. The information includes such categories as the number of taxpayers (taxables and non-taxables), taxable income and the amount of tax paid, including national rankings...

Research report

27 Jul 2004

Drawing on a study several Australian government agencies and their board members Meredith Edwards considers appointments to public sector boards in Australia and identifies opportunities for reform drawing on experiences from abroad.

Research report

27 Jul 2004

Following an ACT Electoral Commission recommendation to the ACT government, the territory's Electoral Act was amended in December 2000 to permit electronic voting and counting for ACT Legislative Assembly elections. Phillip Green, the Australian Capital Territory Electoral Commissioner, reflects on the ACT's experience with electronic...

Research report

27 Jul 2004

This is the report of an NHMRC-funded study, conducted over a three year period, 2001 to 2004, of the needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander illegal drug users in the Australian Capital Territory and its surrounding region for treatment and other services.

...

Research report

26 Jul 2004

This publication provides descriptive epidemiological and service provision data concerning children's dental health in Australia, using data from the Child Dental Health Survey, which monitors the dental health of children enrolled in state and territory government-run school dental services, for the year 2000.

Included...

Research report

26 Jul 2004

Sarah Holcombe explores the tensions between localism and regionalism within the Indigenous polity of the Haasts Bluff Land Trust. Implications of these focused networks for proposed larger-scale service delivery and governance arrangements are explored to cast some light on the emerging issue of regionalising local...

Research report

23 Jul 2004

Andrew Kopras provides an analysis of socio-demographic data from the 2001 Census of Population and Housing by Commonwealth electoral division, reflecting changes to electoral boundaries brought about by redistributions. The next federal election, due on or before 16 April 2005, will be contested on these boundaries.

Research report

23 Jul 2004

This Research Note is one of a series comparing the opinion polls results from June 2001 onwards of the major polling organisations: Newspoll, Roy Morgan Research and ACNielsen.

Sarah Miskin and Greg Baker show the results of the polls for the primary vote, a...

Research report

23 Jul 2004

This Research Note is one of a series examining the results of polls that test the importance of issues to voters and the parties that voters prefer to handle those issues.

Sarah Miskin and Greg Baker show the latest results as compared to those...

Research report

23 Jul 2004

The proceedings are this conference - covering topics ranging from adaptive to maladaptive behaviours, from gifted children to low-functioning non-verbal children - are now available online.

Speakers include Thomas Achenbach, Katherine Hirsh, David Caruso, Gale Roid, Ken Rowe, Kathy Rowe, Kevin Chandler, Jennifer...

Research report

21 Jul 2004

It is now some time since the initial phase of land rights legislation and native title law emerged in Australia. Talina Drabsch provides an overview of the current status of the relationship between Indigenous Australians and land in New South Wales, as expressed in legislation...

Research report

21 Jul 2004

Graeme Hugo provides a comprehensive analysis of who Australia's recent immigrants are, including how they have adjusted to Australian conditions, and their impact on the labour market, the housing sector etc. This monograph also examines where recent immigrants live and their effects on population distribution...

Research report

21 Jul 2004

There is increasing worldwide focus on education reform, driven by a context of rising pressures for lifelong learning, the burgeoning impact of technology, and an escalating pace of change in much of industry and society. This report examines the key trends in Europe and North...

Research report

21 Jul 2004

There is no doubt that terrorist is a major security problem that the world faces today. But there is far greater doubt as to whether it will constitute the major strategic issue the world will face over the next ten years and beyond, argues Aldo...

Research report

21 Jul 2004

Dean Murphy, Patrick Rawstorne, Martin Holt and Dermot Ryan investigate online chat sites as environments in which gay men can socialise and look for sex partners. They find that the sites are social as well as sexual environments and support or mediate a range of...

Research report

20 Jul 2004

This bulletin synthesises the presentations at a conference jointly convened by AHURI and The Myer Foundation to provide a research-based contribution to the foundation's Project 2020: A vision for aged care in Australia. The conference addressed issues associated with the housing needs of an ageing...

Commentary

Article

20 Jul 2004

EXCLUSIVE TO APO

The taxpayer-funded Government Members’ Secretariat is doing party political work, according to former government adviser Greg Barns

WHEN Liberal backbencher Jim Lloyd told ABC Radio’s AM program on 7 July that the Howard government’s taxpayer funded Government Members’ Secretariat...

Research report

20 Jul 2004

Traditional checklists and rating instruments used to assist in the diagnosis of children and adolescents with behavioural problems - particularly inattentive behaviours - have long since passed their use-by date, according to Ken and Kathy Rowe.

Research report

19 Jul 2004

Although universities are the only area of education spending solely funded by the Commonwealth, they received only one-third of the increase in education spending in this year's federal budget. Once again, argue David Hayward and Alexis Esposto, the budget shifted funds away from government education...

Briefing paper

19 Jul 2004

Brendan Gleeson, Toni Darbas, Laurel Johnson and Suzanne Lawson develop an operational framework for describing and analysing metropolitan plans. The framework aims to provide a basis for describing and analysing current metropolitan plans with reference to key Australian and overseas debates about urban strategic planning,...

Research report

19 Jul 2004

The billions of dollars in capital gains tax breaks received by higher income earners is unfair and unbalancing the economy, according to ACOSS's Economics and Tax Policy Adviser Michael Raper. Newly released tax statistics indicate that 68,000 taxpayers earning over $100,000 - less than 1...

Discussion paper

19 Jul 2004

Brendan Gleeson outlines the major strategic challenges facing Queensland Transport deriving from contemporary patterns of urbanisation. He looks at the metropolitan context for strategic transport policy, principally the Southeast Queensland conurbation, exploring the physical, governance and socio-political issues to be confronted.

Commentary

Article

16 Jul 2004

Senator Vanstone’s announcement is a step forward for temporary protection visa holders. But why not fix the real problem? asks Peter Mares

WHAT a surprise: ‘queue jumpers’ and ‘illegals’ who once made ‘an assault on our borders’ now make ‘a significant contribution to...

Research report

16 Jul 2004

This paper presents aggregate and distributional data on the major forms of housing assistance provided both through government outlays and taxation expenditures. These include five major benefit areas: direct assistance provided through Commonwealth Rent Assistance, public rental housing rebates under the Commonwealth State Housing Agreement,...

Research report

15 Jul 2004

The potential benefits of statistical linkage for policy, research and planning purposes are of increasing interest across jurisdictions and in the health and community services sectors. This report raises key issues for wider consideration and discussion concerning the appropriate conduct of statistical linkage projects using...

Research report

15 Jul 2004

Vocational education and training (VET) can assist rural communities develop the necessary skills to enable them to survive and prosper in changing social and economic environments. This report investigates the implementation of training packages in five rural communities, and the strategies providers, community and industry...

Research report

15 Jul 2000

This study by Margaret Brown, Justin Beilby and Eric Gargett explores the issues that South Australian general practitioners must consider when introducing advance directives to their patients. There is a lack of information available to assist people to make complex decisions about their dying....

Research report

14 Jul 2004

In this positioning paper Diana Olsberg, Julia Perry, Sol Encel and Lester Adorjánÿ outline a national study of the economic and social circumstances of people at mid-life in order to predict future demands and capacities to pay for housing and other services.

Research report

13 Jul 2004

After months of wrangling, arrangements to deploy over 260 Australian police and officials to Papua New Guinea have finally been made. Helen Hughes argues that Papua New Guinea, in addition to restoring law and order, needs to implement economic reforms to put it on a...

Research report

12 Jul 2004

Under the Council of Australian Governments' Reconciliation Framework, a new way of doing business in partnership with Indigenous communities is being trialled in ten Indigenous communities across Australia including the Indigenous community in the ACT, under the Indigenous Community Co-ordination Pilots. An Indigenous school is...

Research report

9 Jul 2004

There are many problems in responding to sexual assault that are unique to rural communities and impact upon rural women, such as isolation, conservatism and denial of sexual assault. Alexandra Neame and Melanie Heenan review the literature and current issues relating to sexual assault and...

Research report

9 Jul 2004

In Australia, as elsewhere, not a great deal is known about the 'nuts and bolts' of parent-child contact after separation. This report, edited by Bruce Smyth, uses information gained from a series of focus groups and the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey...

Research report

9 Jul 2004

The three activities that account for much of Australia's relatively high per capita greenhouse emissions also present significant abatement opportunities, argues Hal Turton. The high levels of emissions from these sectors are not caused by underlying intractable physical or social constraints, nor are they based...

Research report

9 Jul 2004

In this final report of an analysis of pathways out of homelessness for older people, Bruce Judd, Kay Kavanagh, Alan Morris and Yuvisthi Naidoo focus on identifying which housing assistance options are achieving sustainable positive outcomes for this group.

Research report

8 Jul 2004

Underlying the emphasis in current policy on providing services in the early years of life is the recognition that these years set the base for competence and coping skills that affect learning, behaviour and health outcomes throughout life. The Early Learning Project aimed to increase...

Research report

6 Jul 2004

This paper by Michael Gallagher from the 2004 Monash Seminars on Higher Education Policy focuses on Australia's policies for tertiary education and research. The author aims to do two things: first, to analyse the present policy position; and second, to suggest directions for future policy...

Research report

6 Jul 2004

The ARC Linkage Projects grants program supports collaborative research between higher education researchers and industry. In this study Ien Ang and Elizabeth Cassity focus on projects which involve researchers from the humanities and creative arts, tracking and exploring the collaborative research interaction between university and...

Research report

6 Jul 2004

Remote Indigenous communities are under increasing pressure to share responsibility for community well-being and capacity building. Their challenge is to achieve social and economic sustainability without losing core values of Indigenous law, culture and language. Education, training and employment are essential elements to this future...

Research report

6 Jul 2004

After two decades of tax reform, the Australian system of family taxation now closely approximates one of joint taxation, argues Patricia Apps. This has shifted the overall tax burden disproportionately towards low and middle wage families working longer hours by having a second earner. In...

Research report

6 Jul 2004

A key challenge of Australia's vocational education and training (VET) system is to serve the broad needs of individuals, communities, and industries. This includes the provision of literacy and generic skills which meet the needs of all groups. Peter Waterhouse and Crina Virgona investigate and...

Research report

6 Jul 2004

Indigenous engagement with vocational education and training (VET) has improved significantly, but successful Indigenous completion rates are lower nationally when compared to the overall population. In this report, based on an action research project, Jo Balatti, Lyn Gargano, Martha Goldman, Gary Wood and Julie Woodlock...

Research report

6 Jul 2004

The conception of literacy is changing to reflect the profound economic, social, political and cultural changes of the past half century. Michele Lonsdale and Doug McCurry examine three broad literacy ideologies - cognitive, individual-based model, economics-driven model, and sociocultural model. While current research situates literacy...

Research report

5 Jul 2004

Sam Tormey looks at the ethical and policy issues arising from the choices prenatal medicine presents. In a world where 'can we?' seems to have become more important than 'should we?', Tormey tries to find the balance between doing what's best for our offspring and...

Research report

5 Jul 2004

A range of criminal activity takes place in marine environments, including illegal fishing, unauthorised hunting of protected species, damage to coral reefs, polluting, people smuggling, drug trafficking, and the commission of personal crimes (including violence). The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park is at risk from...

Research report

2 Jul 2004

In this paper Ann Harding, Ben Phillips and Simon Kelly found examine trends in housing stress between 1998 and 2004, using specially created versions of NATSEM's STINMOD model. For the latter year, NATSEM was required to update the ABS 1999-00 and 2000-01 Surveys of Income...

Research report

2 Jul 2004

Social capital is a theoretically confusing concept, but one which nonetheless has much to offer as a potential measure of the strength of societies. It is in need of theoretical examination. This paper outlines the major theoretical aspects of social capital in relation to its...

Discussion paper

2 Jul 2004

Finding ways of curbing government expenditure on the PBS while maintaining social equity and access to 'essential' medicines is at the centre of ongoing public debate. In the 2002-03 federal budget, the government aimed to introduce an increase of close to 28 per cent in...

Research report

2 Jul 2004

It is broadly understood that marketisation of higher education increases social inequalities of educational opportunity, but this problem is mostly understood in terms of who gets in to university, where it is often pointed out that the social composition of higher education is weighted in...

Research report

1 Jul 2004

Emer Diviney and Serena Lillywhite identify the barriers low-income and vulnerable Victorians face in accessing appropriate eyecare. Their research confirms the value of increasing outreach services for people who are homeless or living in supported residential services and providing access to interpreters for culturally and...

Research report

1 Jul 2004

In his Reconciliation Week lecture at Parliament House on 25 May 2004 Patrick Dodson discussed future priorities, including the need for a new representative body to replace ATSIC.

Research report

1 Jul 2004

This is the tenth annual summary report describing the characteristics and activity of Australian hospitals. Detailed information is presented on hospital care and hospitals in 2002-03, along with summaries of changes over time, and comparisons between public and private hospitals.

Working paper

1 Jul 2004

Dairy farms are getting bigger and employing more labour. But farmers find it hard to attract workers and turnover is high. This working paper prepared for the United Dairy Farmers of Victoria and WestVic Dairy sets out a strategy to attract and retain workers.

Research report

1 Jul 2004

Among the changes to higher education fundiung introduced by the federal government are reforms to the Higher Education Contribution Scheme (HECS), the income-related arrangement for the payment of student charges introduced in 1989. Gillian Beer and Bruce Chapman look at the true financial cost for...