August 2004

Article

31 Aug 2004

Peter Siminski and Peter Saunders present regional comparisons of income both before and after housing costs, derived from the latest (1998-99) Household Expenditure Survey and from the 2001 Census. Both sources indicate that while the percentage of people in low-income households is lower in major...

Research report

31 Aug 2004

This document describes the data available in the 2001-02 public housing and Aboriginal Rental Housing Program (ARHP) National Minimum Data set obtained from the Commonwealth-State Housing Agreement public housing and ARHP annual data collections. These guidelines set out the technical specifications and major conventions for...

Research report

31 Aug 2004

Ann Harding, Rachel Lloyd, Anthea Bill and Anthony King outlines new techniques used to create synthetic household microdata and demonstrates how they can be used to analyse poverty rates, the spatial impact of possible policy change, and the characteristics of the poor by geographic area....

Research report

31 Aug 2004

Relative to our size, Australia boasts one of the world's largest diasporas, currently estimated at around a million people, or about 5 per cent of the population. This is equivalent to the population of Perth or Adelaide, and it is a greater number than the...

Commentary

Article

30 Aug 2004

It seems Max Moore-Wilton’s commitment to full and frank disclosure is not absolute, writes Peter Browne

IN the days since Mike Scrafton revealed what he told John Howard about the ‘children overboard’ affair before the last election, the question of whether he should...

Research report

28 Aug 2004

This bulletin describes the population patterns of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in Australia today using data obtained from regional registers and national databases.

Article

27 Aug 2004

While the recent WTO agreement allowing developing countries to import life-saving drugs by bypassing patent laws is beneficial, a majority of the drugs used to combat epidemics are off-patent or not patented in many developing countries. Consequently, according to Bryan Mercurio, the agreement will do...

Commentary

Article

26 Aug 2004

If the US blocks changes to the free-trade deal, Labor should seek to renegotiate the whole agreement, writes John Quiggin.

IT’S looking increasingly possible that the conflict between the pharmaceutical benefits scheme (PBS) and the Australia-US Free Trade Agreement will become the key issue...

Research report

26 Aug 2004

Papers from the conference, held in April this year, are available online. Topics included campaigning and eVoting, global eGovernance, open source, privacy and risks, the digital divide, eConsultation and eParticipation, local government, citizenship in the electronic age, political parties, social justice, online dispute resolution, youth...

Research report

26 Aug 2004

John Howard was in opposition when the Australian and Torres Strait Islander Commission was established and during the parliamentary debates when its enabling legislation was introduced was one of its staunchest critics, portraying bodies like ATSIC as divisive and antagonistic to the philosophy that all...

Research report

26 Aug 2004

Australian governments of both political persuasions have sought to reduce challenges in the courts to decisions under the Migration Act 1958. Two techniques to achieve this are considered by Jennifer Nicholson in this Research Note: the inclusion in the Migration Act of a privative clause...

Discussion paper

26 Aug 2004

Deb Wilkinson, Richard Denniss and Andrew MacIntosh highlight the need to tighten the current accountability arrangements that cover private schools in Australia to ensure that private schools teach public values. They highlight a range of exemptions that private schools curently have from anti-discrimination legislation allowing...

Research report

24 Aug 2004

Associations are an important part of Australia's third sector, but up until now little has been known about them. How many members do they have, and who are they? Where do they get funds? What do they spend? What services do they provide and in...

Research report

24 Aug 2004

Like any other contract or agreement, free trade agreements can be a source for disputes. In this Research Note Thomas John outlines the resolution process spelt out in the Australia-US Free Trade Agreement.

Research report

24 Aug 2004

This is the first report against the refined set of indicators endorsed by the Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council in 2000, and the fourth time that all jurisdictions have reported against a set of national performance indicators for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health. AHMAC...

Research report

24 Aug 2004

The past decade has produced significant change in how the public and private sectors operate and the public expectations of their role. In this paper Richard Grant argues that the pressures that have challenged the governance structures of key public and private organisations in the...

Research report

24 Aug 2004

Nearly 60 per cent of UN members have made 'major' amendments to their constitutions in the decade 1989-99, and 70 per cent of these adopted entirely new constitutions. Renewed faith has been placed in constitutions as essential to peaceful and stable national political and economic...

Research report

23 Aug 2004

In this briefing paper Rowena Johns outlines the health benefits and detriments of cannabis use; summarises medical cannabis laws and programs operating in a range of overseas jurisdictions; and traces the development of a proposal to authorise the medical use of cannabis in New South...

Research report

22 Aug 2004

The potential benefits and pitfalls of electronic democracy are already on display in the use of voter tracking software by Australia's major political parties, argue Peter van Onselen and Wayne Errington in this paper from the CPP's Australian Electronic Governance Conference. The use of such...

Research report

20 Aug 2004

Why do parents choose a public or private school for their children? Geoff Masters outlines the priorities of parents and argues for more evidence to be available help parents to choose a school.

Research report

19 Aug 2004

Prison privatisation emerged in the United States in the mid 1980s and quickly spread to Australia and the United Kingdom. In the US, there are now over 100 private prisons in 31 states and the federal system, in the UK there are 11 private prisons,...

Research report

19 May 2004

Michael Vitale delves into the process of commercialising Australian biotechnology, both the critical success factors and the obstacles, to paint a picture of the business reality for Australian emerging technology start-ups. Are the odds stacked against Australian biotech innovators? Or can they overcome the lack...

Research report

19 Aug 2004

Australia cannot be complacent and must constantly look for opportunities that will enable today's small to medium firms to engage within the region and grow into the larger firms that will provide the bulk of our exports in the future. Indeed, argue Lyndal Thorburn and...

Research report

19 Aug 2004

Thirty years after enjoying the world's second highest per capita GDP after Saudi Arabia, Nauru is on the verge of bankruptcy and was declared one of the first states listed under the US Patriot Act. Professor Hughes shows that Nauru's parlous state has been brought...

Research report

18 Aug 2004

Far from having a 'welfare dependency' problem, Australia spends comparatively less on social security and has lower payments than other wealthy countries, according to this report. Few wealthy countries spend less than Australia on social security, and the ones that do - such as the...

Research report

18 Aug 2004

Iain Campbell and Sara Charlesworth provide a descriptive overview of key trends in Australian society affecting work and family. Their discussion of key trends affecting work and family is set out in four main sections: paid work and the paid workforce; families, households and caring...

Research report

29 Jul 2004

In this address to the Royal United Services Institute, Victoria, Aldo Borgu argues that after the 2004 election the incoming government should develop a new defence white paper which re-establishes an unambiguous link between Australia's strategic policy, the ADF's capability priorities and the government's financial...

Research report

18 Aug 2004

Casual employment is often assumed to be a more 'efficient' way of engaging labour, and can deliver short run gains. But better deployment of labour undermines its longer term development. John Buchanan suggests how deployment and development can be improved simultaneously.

Research report

17 Aug 2004

Based on a literature review and twelve case studies of multinational corporations operating in Australia, Phillip Toner finds the quality of the domestic VET-skilled workforce is ranked equal third in importance, out of fifteen factors, when deciding to investment in Australia. To make the VET...

Commentary

Article

17 Aug 2004

Here, he analyses yesterday’s revelations and looks at what the bloggers had to say.

THE revived children overboard scandal is currently in the ‘he said-she said’ stage. John Howard has offered a slightly equivocal denial of the claim, detailed in yesterday’s Australian , that...

Research report

17 Aug 2004

This report presents the findings of a research project that was completed as part of the implementation of the Kobe Recommendation: Plan of Action for Women and Health. Agnes Walker, Anthea Bill and Ann Harding summarise the literature on key characteristics of leaders, the differences...

Research report

16 Aug 2004

Every federal budget raises a host of issues and generates a good deal of discussion. In this paper David Richardson examines just a few of the issues arising out of the 2004 budget.

Research report

16 Aug 2004

In June 2004 the federal government released the AusLink white paper, which contains its national land transport plan. In this Current Issues Brief Richard Webb examines some of the white paper's proposals.

Research report

16 Aug 2004

In this electronic brief Adrienne Blunt provides links to websites of various countries that have national elections in 2004. Elections may be presidential or legislative. Information will be current for six months prior to and six months after the election date.

Research report

16 Aug 2004

In the Philippines national elections of 10 May 2004, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (in office since 2001) secured re-election and pro-Arroyo parties also gained majorities in both chambers of Congress. The new Arroyo administration, however, faces formidable challenges, particularly in confronting institutional 'gridlock', pursuing economic reform...

Commentary

Article

12 Aug 2004

Labor’s stand was a long time coming, says Mike Willis

THE extraordinary debate over the potential impact of the Australia-US Free Trade Agreement triggered by Labor’s proposed legislative amendments has underscored the ironies that surrounded the negotiations from the start. This is hardly...

Research report

13 Aug 2004

There is an emerging crisis within housing for older persons, a crisis which will primarily affect older renters but would also include some owner-occupiers with very low valued houses. Sean McNelis looks at the role of independent living units in the future of aged housing....

Research report

13 Aug 2004

In this detailed study, Barry Hindess from the Democratic Audit Team argues that corruption 'is a more substantial problem than Australia's impressive performance on conventional international measures would seem to indicate'.

Research report

12 Aug 2004

The vocational education and training sector is an important source of qualifications for associate professionals, the second fastest growing occupational group in Australia's labour market. This report offers employers, industry organisations, and professional associations an insight into the benefits of contracted work-based training arrangements for...

Research report

12 Aug 2004

In the run-up to the 2004 federal election, the major parties have released policies to promote work and family, most notably in enhanced maternity allowance or baby payment. Work and family measures typically take the form of leave to assist working parens to meet family...

Research report

12 Aug 2004

This paper discussed a range of issues raised by the government's announcement in April 2004 that it would abolish the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission, and the Labor opposition's announcement a few weeks earlier that it would do likewise in government.

They provide...

Research report

12 Aug 2004

In June 2004, the federal government released its energy white paper which proposes changes to fuel excises. In this Research Note Richard Webb examines and comments on the proposals.

Research report

12 Aug 2004

This report presents the findings of research into the experience of non-government not-for-profit organisations that have undertaken the development of their own social and affordable housing projects across Australia.

The broad purpose of the research is to support the accelerated expansion of affordable housing...

Research report

12 Aug 2004

The Community Development Employment Projects scheme provides funds to help Indigenous communities in rural and remote Australia provide employment, skills development, and various essential and desirable municipal services. However, Josie Misko argues there is room to improve the range and quality of employment and community...

Research report

12 Aug 2004

Significant fallout is likely from the NSW inquiry into the treatment of Australian asbestos victims by James Hardie Industries. Federal and State governments are already considering legislation to access James Hardie's overseas assets, and there are growing calls to 'lift the corporate veil' - fundamental...

Research report

11 Aug 2004

The Brotherhood of St Laurence is calling on political parties to make the forthcoming election the occasion for a break with the narrow economic perspectives of the last two decades. This document outlines elements of a new social policy architecture: social investment, inclusion and democratic...

Research report

11 Aug 2004

A recent audit of accuracy at Centrelink revealed that an estimated one million mistakes had been made by the agency over a four-month period - an example of how burgeoning complexity has caused a deterioration in accuracy. Howard Pender describes the forms complexity takes, examines...

Discussion paper

11 Aug 2004

For several years there has been widespread concern, expressed mainly in private, that certain environment NGOs have become too close to the federal government, eroding the effectiveness of the movement as a whole. The activities and policy positions of the World Wide Fund...

Research report

11 Aug 2004

The international climate change community is increasingly turning its attention to proposals to base future greenhouse gas emission reduction obligations at least in part on a per capita principle. In the case of industrialised countries, expectations about the responsibility to take action have been, and...

Research report

9 Aug 2004

During the period from the Whitlam government through to the Howard government there has been significant movement across a range of economic indicators. This is to be expected over a period which has seen two major recessions and in which the economy has grown more...

Research report

9 Aug 2004

In mid July 2004 the UK Ministry of Defence outlined potential cuts of up to 25 per cent in existing UK combat systems and 20 per cent in UK personnel numbers within four years. The UK believes precision targeting has lowered the need for as...

Research report

6 Aug 2004

The Canadian election of 28 June saw the election of a hung Parliament, with the Liberal Government remaining in power with the likely support of the NDP. In this Research Note Scott Bennett gives the background to the election, discusses the campaign, and speculates on...

Research report

6 Aug 2004

August 2004 sees the thirtieth anniversary of the joint sitting of Parliament held shortly after the double dissolution election of 18 May 1974. in this Research Note Scott Bennett looks at how the joint sitting was organised and discusses the politics surrounding this event.

Research report

5 Aug 2004

In this paper Bill Mitchell and Martin Watts compare and contrast two policy responses to rising income insecurity in the form of proposals to introduce a universal Basic Income and proposals to introduce a Job Guarantee.

The paper demonstrates that income insecurity should be...

Commentary

Article

4 Aug 2004

This resource page provides links to key documents on the costs and benefits of the Australia-US Free Trade Agreement, including reports and commentary from APO members and contributors. Ann Capling provides a comprehensive account of the background to the agreement, the main arguments and...

Article

4 Aug 2004

Labor has yet to announce the tax policy foreshadowed as a response to the 2004-5 Budget. But, as Kim Beazley's 'small target strategy' in 2001 demonstrated, this approach can be disastrous.

John Quiggin argues that Labor needs to announce a coherent tax and expenditure...

Research report

3 Aug 2004

Changes to the Copyright Act 1968 and Patents Act 1990 form a significant and complex part of the Bill to implement the Australia-US Free Trade Agreement. But the agreement does leave some room for Australia to decide the shape of its own law, so implementation...

Briefing paper

4 Aug 2004

On 3 May 2004, the Attorney-General first used his new, executive power to proscribe the group Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) as a 'terrorist organisation'.

Seventeen groups have been proscribed as terrorist organisations under Australian law to date, but PIJ is the only one of...

Research report

4 Aug 2004

The NSW Youth Drug Court (YDC) pilot program is aimed at reducing offending and drug use amongst young people who have become entrenched in the criminal justice system. Many participants have a range of other difficulties including poor educational achievement, dysfunctional family backgrounds and psychological...

Research report

4 Aug 2004

Few observers anticipated the Marriage Legislation Amendment Bill 2004, introduced to parliament in May. While its content accords with Coalition ideology, the government did not seek a mandate for it in 2001, so some observers regard the bill as a tactic to unsettle the opposition,...

Research report

4 Aug 2004

Speakers' presentations, workshop material, cartoons and photographs from DSF's Learning Choices Expo, held in June, are now available online. Speakers at the expo included Jack Dusseldorp, Roger Holdsworth of the Youth Research Centre at the University of Melbourne, Graeme Withers from the Australian Centre for...

Commentary

Article

2 Aug 2004

Brett Evans assesses the Vote for Me field for APO

THE national secretary of the Labor Party says it should be abandoned ‘in the interests of a proper election campaign’. The federal Minister for State says it ‘trivializes the democratic system’. Kim Beazley...

Research report

3 Aug 2004

Birth anomalies remain a significant public health problem in Australia. Despite this, we do not have quality national data on birth anomalies in Australia. In response to the AIHW's continuing commitment to birth anomalies as a core data collection, a review was conducted over the...

Research report

3 Aug 2004

This paper by Tom Clark from the 2004 Monash Seminars on Higher Education Policy argues that Australia's research funding framework has conflated the original role of research in universities - to lead scholarly teaching and community service - with macro-economic and other public goals for...

Research report

3 Aug 2004

Examining the separatist dispute between Aceh and Indonesia, David Brown argues that the 'instrumentalist' explanation for separatist nationalism, as a rational response to relative deprivation and exploitation, fails to explain the intransigent element in demands for independence.

Brown argues that such absolutism can be...

Research report

3 Aug 2004

Stephen Sherlock examines the composition of the new Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, in particular the trends in political party strengths, including the strengths of Islamic political parties, regional representation and the representation of women. Unelected representatives from the Indonesian Armed Forces and Police will no longer...

Research report

3 Aug 2004

A national Newspoll survey of Australian adults measured community opinion on issues such as the level of government support for education, the role of schooling, and education, training and employment opportunities for young people. This report contains summary graphics and written comments on the main...

Research report

3 Aug 2004

Shaun Breslin discusses the domestic context of China's economic transition from socialism. He shows how different interests influenced the emergence of a public-private relationship by focusing on three factors - the changing bases of Communist Party legitimacy, formal policy relating to the socialist nature of...

Research report

3 Aug 2004

This paper by Gavin Moody from the 2004 Monash Seminars on Higher Education Policy compared the higher education funding policies of the two parties in the lead-up to the 2004 Federal election.

Discussion paper

1 Aug 2004

This working paper from the National Centre for Epidemiology & Population Health investigates the extent to which health care has contributed to the decline in mortality rates in Australia over recent decades

by examining trends in avoidable mortality between 1968 and 2001. Avoidable mortality...