September 2004

Research report

30 Sep 2004

Patricia Apps, Ray Rees and Elizabeth Savage analyse the Howard government's recent Medicare reform. {C}

Using models of the physician's behaviour and of a household's demand for medical insurance under the proposed system, they argue that those most likely to be made worse off...

Commentary

Article

29 Sep 2004

It was hell going on it and even more difficult coming off it. After three years of taking Aropax, a commonly prescribed anti-depressant/ anti-anxiety medication, I was feeling great. I was optimistic about the future and wanted to see what life after Aropax might look...

Commentary

Article

29 Sep 2004

As we face the challenge of an ageing society, John Howard’s promises to older voters are exactly what we don’t need, says Rodney Tiffen

THE Howard government has been playing Jekyll and Hyde politics on the ageing society. Some of its inconsistency is...

Research report

30 Sep 2004

Government subsidies have provided a major source of funds to private schools in Australia for three decades. The increasing level of private school subsidies since the mid-1970s has contributed to a steady increase in the proportion of students enrolled in private schools. This growth in...

Research report

30 Sep 2004

Aydogan Ulker analyses the role of the elderly couples' past marital history in determining their current wealth holdings and portfolio allocation using data from the first wave of the Health and Retirement Study. The results suggest that, while the net cost of divorce in terms...

Research report

29 Sep 2004

The number of teenagers not in full-time study or full-time work is the highest than at any time in the last six years. In this report Mike Long reveals disturbing numbers of young people are being left behind, facing insecure employment, and reduced earnings over...

Research report

29 Sep 2004

In this positioning paper Jago Dodson investigates the connections between housing affordability and employment opportunity in Melbourne to determine the extent to which there is a 'spatial mismatch' between locations where low-income earners can afford to live, and locations where employment opportunities are greatest.

Research report

27 Sep 2004

This report provides national information on the pregnancy and childbirth of mothers and their babies. This report updates the information presented last year, maintaining comparability with previous reports while incorporating improvements, and introduces data from a wider range of sources and information on selected summary...

Research report

27 Sep 2004

It seems that the differences in health policy that have dominated the elections of the past 30 years have been resolved. Or have they? What is certain is that over time Australians will pay more their health care, writes Jane Hall.

Research report

24 Sep 2004

Some say the Greens are a narrow party not made for government or even for holding the balance of power. But their base is broadening, and history shows that they're not unused to holding office, argue Nick Turnbull and Ariadne Vromen.

Research report

24 Sep 2004

The major parties have different policies on university funding and regulation but both argue that a return to the days of 'free education' is fiscally impossible. So, asks Ben Spies-Butcher, is free education is a realistic proposition or a social democratic dream?

Research report

24 Sep 2004

Failure to be in school long enough (early leaving) or often enough (truancy) to gain basic skills and knowledge has personal and social costs. Graeme Withers examines statistics on school non-attendance, and makes recommendations for future data collection and policies.

Commentary

Article

24 Sep 2004

As Mark Latham and John Howard throw money at the health sector, John Quiggin says major reforms are needed .

WHEN being sworn in as governor of California, Ronald Reagan observed, ‘the truth is, there are simple answers but there are no easy...

Research report

24 Sep 2004

Highly innovative organisations demonstrate six key characteristics. They create learning cultures which promote innovation as a core organisational capability; employ leaders who are 'failure-tolerant'; identify innovators; reward people who propose innovative ideas; use partnerships; and, promote innovation through teams.

In this report Victor Callan...

Research report

24 Sep 2004

With much fanfare the Prime Minister launched the government's energy policy on 15 June this year. As we go into the election, there is more policy in what the document doesn't say, according to Keith Lovegrove.

Research report

24 Sep 2004

Labor may think that being pro-competition will protect it from serious business opposition. So wouldn't it be ironic, writes Carol Johnson, if Labor's arguably most free-market leader were damaged by the oldest ideological wedge accusation of all-that he was anti-business?

Commentary

Article

22 Sep 2004

The signs are that Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono has the potential to be a successful president, writes Greg Barton

THE quiet nature of Yudhoyono’s emphatic victory speaks of the nature of the challenges and opportunities facing Indonesia’s new president. There is little antipathy but...

Commentary

Article

23 Sep 2004

Family First epitomises an international trend of ambiguously religious politics, according to Marion Maddox

SPECULATION that Australia’s newest religiously based political party, Family First, will hold the balance of power in the Senate has drawn an unusual level of attention to the role...

Research report

22 Sep 2004

During the fourth week of the federal election campaign the Hon Philip Ruddock MP, Attorney-General, and Ms Nicola Roxon MP, Shadow Attorney-General, debated key legal issues. Chaired by George Williams, the debate is available online as an on-demand webcast.

Research report

21 Sep 2004

Australia's population is ageing as a result of increased life expectancies, declining fertility rates, lower mortality rates and the impact of migration levels. The economic effect of an older Australia is expected to be significant, particularly as greater demands are placed on the health and...

Research report

21 Sep 2004

As Australia's demographic structure changes, it is widely accepted that our aged care sector will face new problems. There is much concern that existing employment levels will be insufficient to cope with the future care needs of the elderly. This study examined the dimensions of...

Research report

21 Sep 2004

Katrina Ball examines the role that the vocational education and training sector can play in assisting the nation achieve intergenerational equity.

Research report

21 Sep 2004

Anni Dugdale reports on the annual meeting of the International Institute of Administrative Sciences in July this year, where papers from a range of different countries highlighted different ways of dealing with the opportunities and challenges of e-governance.

Research report

21 Sep 2004

Simon Marginson discusses the characteristics of elite universities, the policy and practice framework in which they sit, and the scope they have for strategic choice. He reflects on where and how the education reforms introduced by the federal minister, Brendan Nelson - especially full fees...

Research report

21 Sep 2004

Peter McPhee discusses the complexity of incorporating access and equity into a university. He argues that setting and monitoring equity targets in what is becoming a deregulated environment presents a new range of challenges to universities, particularly to those who offer more professions-based courses.

Conference proceedings

21 Sep 2004

Around eighty papers from this conference, held in December 2003, are available online through the Pandora archive. Topics range from waterfront developments, public transport and telecommunications to spatial inequality, parklands and sustainability.

Research report

20 Sep 2004

The HIC is a member of the Oral Health Alliance, an alliance of organisations representing health consumers, welfare recipients, health service providers and health professionals. The alliance has written to the major political parties seeking their response to a set of questions regarding their commitment...

Research report

18 Sep 2004

The proportion of people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds in Australia's older population (65 and older) is growing. Identifying the changing geographic distribution of this older population is of particular importance because location plays a significant role in understanding and planning health and aged...

Commentary

Article

17 Sep 2004

Pauline Hanson is history - but it’s a history worth remembering, says David Burchell

WHEN Pauline Hanson announced this week her intention to run for the Senate once again, more than a few people were bound to have had flashback moments. I certainly...

Research report

17 Sep 2004

In this essay for the GR's Addicted to Celebrity edition, Raimond Gaita argues that the "cynical expectation that politicians will lie to protect their party or their own careers" reveals "how impoverished our life with the language of politics has become". The consequences of this...

Research report

16 Sep 2004

Conferences papers from the 13th VET Research Conference, held in July 2004, are now available online. The conference covered a diverse range of topics including innovation in VET, equity, literacy and numeracy, recognition of prior learning, employability skills, and professional development for VET educators.

Discussion paper

16 Sep 2004

Surveys reveal that Australians believe the gap between rich and poor is growing. But is this just a perception or is it based on fact?

Ann Harding, Mandy Yap and Rachel Lloyd compare the income of households by postcode based on figures from the...

Research report

15 Sep 2004

Selected papers from the centre's National Forum on Indigenous Health and the Treaty Debate are now available online. Speakers included Olga Havnen, NSW Aboriginal Land Council; Ria Earp, Deputy Director General, Maori Health, Ministry of Health (NZ); Dea Delaney Thiele, National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health;...

Research report

15 Sep 2004

In this address to the Special Operations Command Senior Leadership Group on 8 September 2004, Aldo Borgu argues that although terrorism is an unpredictable form of warfare it is necessary to attempt to forecast the way it will unfold and the implications for Australia.

Research report

15 Sep 2004

What can we make of the 'great debate' between Prime Minister John Howard and Opposition leader Mark Latham televised live on 12 September, asks John Uhr. Where does the Australian experience fit in the larger world of democratic politics? What lessons about the state of...

Research report

15 Sep 2004

Tessa Ross, who heads Film Four, the film and drama production unit of Channel 4 Television in Britain, discussed the complicated relationship between the film-maker and the money that makes the film possible in this talk given in August at CIRAC.

Research report

15 Sep 2004

Prior to the last three decades, regular surveys on household income were rare or nonexistent in many developed countries, making it difficult for economists to compare income distribution in the long run. Using taxation statistics, which tend to be available over a longer time span,...

Research report

10 Sep 2004

Anthony M. Sayers and Lisa Young take a comparative look at political party funding in Canada and Australia. Among other things, they find that the lack of restrictions on contributions to Australian parties means that the large parties in particular do much better than their...

Commentary

Article

9 Sep 2004

The Greens are replacing Labor as the conservatives’ bete noire, says John Quiggin .

IN AN election campaign, it’s usual to see vigorous negative campaigning, with each side combing the other’s policy statements for clauses that can be attacked, if necessary, with the...

Research report

9 Sep 2004

Kath Hulse and Bill Randolph examine the role of housing and housing assistance in contributing to disincentives to taking up paid work or working more hours. Based on a survey of 400 renters in both the public and private sectors in Sydney and Melbourne who...

Research report

9 Sep 2004

Wolfgang Kasper outlines a new initiative for a 'Global Free Trade Alliance' to create a voluntary association of free market economies between which all border controls on trade and investment are dropped. Candidates for joining are nations that already enjoy a rather high degree of...

Research report

9 Sep 2004

Peter McDonald examines the future demand for housing in Australia through the development and application of new methods of projection of households and dwellings. In the past, projections of future housing needs were provided by the Indicative Planning Council for the Housing Industry, but the...

Research report

9 Sep 2004

There are two kinds of pragmatism: one born of the honourable attempt to make one's higher ideals real, the other born of soured hopes and militant defensiveness. The PM has made the second kind very much his own, argues David Burchell.

Research report

9 Sep 2004

The draft children's services regulation announced in April 2004 included a minimum standard staff child ratio of 1:5 for children aged under two years in centre-based and mobile children's services. The 2002 draft regulation proposed a better staff child ratio of 1:4. Karen Fisher and...

Research report

9 Sep 2004

This report presents national, state and territory statistics about alcohol and other drug treatment services and their clients, including information about the types of drug problems for which treatment is sought and the types of treatment provided. This is the third report in the series...

Article

8 Sep 2004

Freedom of speech is central to our democracy. The Howard government has sought too much legal control over what people say, argues George Willliams in this article for NewMatilda.com.

Research report

8 Sep 2004

In her contribution to the Griffith REVIEW's Addicted to Celebrity edition, Julianne Schultz describes the way an addiction to celebrity - fame's rich second cousin - has distorted public life, unhinged trust in institutions and corroded confidence. Who can you trust? What can you believe?...

Research report

7 Sep 2004

In this paper from the 2004 Monash Seminars on Higher Education Policy Julie Wells argues that the renewal and transformation of scholarship is central to universities' engagement with the world around them, and to the retention and renewal of academic staff.

Research report

7 Sep 2004

Three recent developments in the international climate change regime have profound implications for Australia. They are: the imminent start- up of the European Emissions Trading System; the near-success of the McCain-Lieberman Bill in the US Senate; and the announcement that Russia will ratify the Kyoto...

Research report

7 Sep 2004

How important are our democratic beliefs to the way we run federal elections, asks Marian Sawer. Principles generally accepted as basic to democracy are those of political equality and popular control of government. Flowing from the principle of political equality is the principle that political...

Research report

7 Sep 2004

Because the law requires reviews of many key features of digital TV before January 2005, many issues are up for reassessment yet again. Will free-to-air broadcasters be allowed to provide subscription (pay) TV? Will the rules for allocating broadcasting spectrum change? Is an indigenous TV...

Research report

7 Sep 2004

This paper by Graeme Hugo from the 2004 Monash Seminars on Higher Education Policy analyses the demography of the staff of Australian universities, especially as reflected in the 2001 population census. It is shown that Australian university teaching staff have a significantly older age structure...

Research report

6 Sep 2004

Thia report documents the decline in bulk billing rates, the increase in copayments, and the decrease in people visiting GPs for each Victorian federal electorate. It also documents the level of socioeconomic disadvantage and wellbeing for each Victorian federal electorate and for each Victorian local...

Article

6 Sep 2004

The increasingly broad scope of international trade agreements has raised widespread concern about the implications for popular sovereignty.

Internationally, most attention has been focused on the World Trade Organization. In Australia, the same issue has arisen in relation to the free trade agreement negotiated...

Research report

6 Sep 2004

Slingshot is a self-employment pathways program designed to assist young people who have an interest in running their own businesses to learn relevant skills and to explore the opportunities presented by self-employment. Slingshot's target group of young people aged 18 to 24 years old who...

Research report

6 Sep 2004

Although more and more companies have acknowledged the desirability of some sort of community involvement, there remains a lively debate on the themes of what? how? and, above all, why? Michael Liffman and Dennis Tracey examine these questions.

Journal article

3 Sep 2004

Public museums are a critical element of the public sphere - the domain that links and affirms us all as citizens, irrespective of our individual traits, our birthplace, our place of residence, our religion, our economic status etc. But according to Brendan Gleeson, assessment, the...

Research report

3 Sep 2004

Public museums are a critical element of the public sphere – the domain that links and affirms us all as citizens, irrespective of our individual traits, our birthplace, our place of residence, our religion, our economic status etc. But according to Brendan Gleeson, assessment, the...

Article

2 Sep 2004

A new report from ACOSS accepts that welfare dependency among working age Australians has reached 18 per cent, but denies this is a problem. It says that Australia still spends less on welfare than many other developed countries, and argues we should be expanding welfare...

Research report

2 Sep 2004

Tony Melhuish and Anthony King outline a project to map the level of demand for housing assistance in the short to medium term; the likely 'hot spots' of demand; which client groups are likely to drive demand; and potential changes in the composition of the...

Research report

2 Sep 2004

Text of the Castan Centre lecture by Professor Erica-Irene A. Daes, Special Rapporteur of the United Nations Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights.