October 2004

Research report

30 Oct 2004

In the United Kingdom and the European Union, social policy is losing its economic rationalist spots at an increasingly rapid pace. Today a number of writers have been searching for a way to name just what it is that is taking its place. In this...

Journal article

29 Oct 2004

Sustainable energy systems are widely seen as a desirable goal, but what constitutes such systems and how to make the transition from current practice to sustainable practice are more contested. Developed nations are locked-in to fossil fuel use, with a myriad of economic, technical, institutional...

Journal article

29 Oct 2004

This study examines the relationship between trust and public attitudes towards new technologies in Australia. Using data from the 2003 and 2004 Swinburne National Technology and Society Monitors, we ask: does the trustworthiness of the key institutions and people behind new technologies have an...

Research report

29 Oct 2004

The interface between acute hospital care and residential aged care has long been recognised as an important issue in aged care services research. Investigations into the feasibility of linking hospital morbidity and residential aged care data to examine the interface between the two sectors using...

Research report

29 Oct 2004

This publication is one of the Series 8 reports on the Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP) National Data Collection for 2002-03. The series provides information on people who were homeless and people who were at risk of being homeless who accessed SAAP in 2002-03. This...

Research report

28 Oct 2004

Australia's major political parties operate powerful databases using information contained on the electoral roll about every Australian voter. To date, there has been a lack of oversight or regulation of the development of political databases.

Peter van Onselen provides an overview of the way...

Research report

28 Oct 2004

This publication examines the coverage and quality of data about Indigenous households in the 2001-02 Commonwealth State Housing Agreement (CSHA) data collections. It identifies gaps in data coverage and highlights data quality issues in public housing, CSHA community housing, the Crisis Accommodation program, home purchase...

Research report

28 Oct 2004

Susanne Wood finds that fully on-the-job training is viewed by learners and registered training organisations positively as it provides flexibility for all concerned and financial incentives to employers. With appropriate support for learners, benefits of this type of training include learning that is customised, encompasses...

Research report

28 Oct 2004

This report uses the results of the 1998 Australian Bureau of Statistics Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers to present a picture of informal care in Contemporary Australia, focusing on the questions: who are the primary carers, who do they assist, and what does caring...

Research report

28 Oct 2004

This publication summarises recent research into the roles of VET practitioners and managers, and the way they work. The roles of senior and front-line managers are increasingly focused on external and internal environments of the VET provider, and building links. The VET practitioners role has...

Research report

27 Oct 2004

In this public lecture Ambassador Mike Smith, chair of the UN Commission on Human Rights, describes the work of the commission, his role as chair, and options for reform of the committee and its procedures.

Research report

27 Oct 2004

The ABC's election analyst, Antony Green, summarises amendments to NSW electoral boundaries and the names of proposed electoral districts in the most recent stage of the redistribution process in that state.

Research report

27 Oct 2004

This paper introduces the Giving Australia project, a collaborative effort led by ACOSS, and presents a summary of key primary sources of data on philanthropy in Australia.

The Giving Australia project is an initiative of the Prime Minister's Community Business Partnership, and is being...

Transcript

8 Sep 2004

The text of the seventh Annual Hawke Lecture, delivered by Irene Khan, Secretary General of Amnesty International.

Research report

26 Oct 2004

This series of Drug Treatment Data Briefings presents findings from the Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services National Minimum Data Set for New South Wales , Tasmania , South Australia , the Australian Capital Territory , Northern Territory , Victoria and Western Australia . This...

Research report

24 Oct 2004

Rosa McKenna and Lynne Fitzpatrick summarise an extensive study of adult literacy policies and practices in vocational education in six countries - Canada, New Zealand, United States, Ireland, United Kingdom and Australia.

Australia, compared to the other countries studied, has a strong focus on...

Journal article

24 Oct 2004

Christine Critchley and Lyn Turney examine perceptions of stem cell research among a representative sample of 1013 Australians and five focus groups. The results suggest that the majority of Australians were comfortable with the research using adult cells, but were not comfortable with scientists using...

Briefing paper

24 Oct 2004

Family violence and sexual assault are reported to be at crisis levels in many Indigenous communities. In response to calls from Indigenous people for change, a number of state and territory governments have established Task Forces, drafted policy documents, and held inquiries into the nature...

Journal article

24 Oct 2004

Within Australia, both State and Federal governments have exhibited support for biotechnology. Agriculture is currently considering whether to embrace new biotechnologies. Sustainable development means that economic growth should be promoted but guided in ways that are both environmentally benign and socially just. Does biotechnology...

Research report

22 Oct 2004

In June 2004, the NSW government released an exposure draft Workplace Surveillance Bill 2004 for public consultation. This Bill would extend the regulatory scheme in the Workplace Video Surveillance Act to two other forms of surveillance: tracking surveillance, and (2) computer surveillance, including...

Research report

21 Oct 2004

In the past year the 'war against terror' and perceptions of state failure within the post-colonial Pacific have sparked an Australian-led initiative to deepen and widen regional integration in Oceania. Greg Fry argues that behind the seeming unanimity of the 2004 Auckland Declaration and agreement...

Discussion paper

21 Oct 2004

Nicole George asks whether new insights can be gained by differentiating between advocacy and activism when examining the work of civil society organisations in relation to gender equality.

Focusing upon the ways in which women's organisations in Fiji approach issues of gender equality, she...

Conference proceedings

19 Oct 2004

A collection of conference papers, introduced by the CIPL's Hilary Charlesworth, with contributions from Penelope Andrews, Andrew Byrnes, Francesca Klug and E.W. Thomas. The conference brought together experts from countries with different legal systems - the United Kingdom, New Zealand, South Africa and Hong Kong...

Research report

19 Oct 2004

Will Sanders argues that Indigenous community governance is as much about process as about structures and that dispersed governance has benefits as well as costs. In doing so he challenges some common assumptions of would-be reformers of Indigenous community governance.

Research report

19 Oct 2004

Boyd Hunter and Matthew Gray provide the first ever baseline of data on the job search behaviour of Indigenous job seekers and how it compares to the job search of non-Indigenous job seekers, with clear differences between these groups. Indigenous Australians rely disproportionately on friends...

Research report

19 Oct 2004

As well as reviewing the results and implications of the housing unaffordability estimates for New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria and the ACT, Elizabeth Taylor, Rachel Lloyd, Marcus Blake and Ann Harding provide a general overview of the scope of the linkage project, and the methodological...

Research report

19 Oct 2004

Rachel Lloyd, Mandy Yap and Ann Harding examine trends in income for different regions of Australia between 1996 and 2001, using census data.

Most regions and states experienced strong income growth during the five years, although incomes in the capital cities remained much higher...

Research report

19 Oct 2004

Rachel Lloyd, Ann Harding and Alicia Payne provide new estimates of poverty in Australia, using data from the 2000-01 Survey of Income and Housing Costs, conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

This study uses the OECD Half Median Poverty line, and examines both...

Research report

19 Oct 2004

Linc Thurecht, Ann Harding and Agnes Walker examine whether hospital usage and the average cost of hospital treatment per patient varies with socioeconomic status, Statistical Local Area and ARIA. They apply a unique person based measure of socioeconomic status to avoid problems associated with geographically...

Conference paper

17 Oct 2004

Ann Harding, Rachel Lloyd and Neil Warren examine the distribution of household income, and of selected taxes and benefits in Australia, in 2001-02.

They find that direct cash transfers are more progressive than indirect (non-cash) benefits, but that the combined overall impact of all...

Research report

15 Sep 2004

The new private health insurance reforms - in particular the 30 per cent rebate and Lifetime Health Cover - were partly aimed at relieving pressures on public hospitals. Combining the use of two new models - Private Health Insurance and NSW hospitals - Agnes Walker,...

Research report

15 Oct 2004

Lisa de Bortoli and John Cressell analyse the OECD/Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA 2000) data on Australian Indigenous students in comparison with other Australian students and in relation to other countries. They also examine some of the characteristics of the Indigenous students.

Research report

15 Oct 2004

Andrew Beer and Paul Foley analyse 434 interviews with refugees in Adelaide, Perth and Brisbane during 2002-2003. The survey was structured to report on the housing experiences and needs both of Temporary Protection Visa arrivals into Australia and refugee immigrants who came to Australia as...

Research report

15 Oct 2004

John Cresswell and Cathy Underwood examine the effect of geographical location on the performance of students from schools from all parts of Australia who participated in the OECD/Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA 2000). Students in remote areas were not achieving at the same level...

Commentary

Article

13 Oct 2004

Labor may have lost the battle but it can still win the war, says David Burchell

THERE’S bound to be a dark pall of gloom hanging over Labor HQ this week. Labor fought hard and long in this election campaign. Among its policy...

Research report

14 Oct 2004

This report provides the first picture of the activities of general practice in each state and territory of Australia, using a combination of BEACH (Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health) data for survey years 1998 to 2003. Results for each state and territory are...

Research report

14 Oct 2004

This bulletin reports on the history of the development of the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set (NMDS), and provides an overview of its content.

Research report

13 Oct 2004

Will Sanders analyses 2001 Census data relating to Indigenous people living in the Alice Springs town camps as compared to three other population groups: Indigenous people in the rest of Alice Springs, non-Indigenous people in Alice Springs and Indigenous people living in the outlying communities...

Discussion paper

13 Oct 2004

Boyd Hunter outlines the conceptual and empirical issues that affect the measurement of social capital, and discusses some possible roles for social capital in describing Indigenous poverty. He advocates a model of social capital that focuses on the structure of social networks to limit the...

Research report

13 Oct 2004

Bill Arthur, Josephine David-Petero, Victor McGrath and Elizah Wasaga analyse data from a 2004 reinterview of a survey sample of Indigenous males and females aged between 15 and 24 years in Torres Strait which explores the careers and aspirations of Indigenous young people. The survey...

Commentary

Article

12 Oct 2004

AFTER an election in which Labor looked like having a reasonable chance right up to the last few days, the outcome, a net gain of seats to the government, has produced a good deal of shock on the Labor side of politics. Why did things...

Research report

12 Oct 2004

JaneMaree Maher, Maryanne Dever, Jennifer Curtin and Andrew Singleton looked at the specific groups in contemporary Australia - women or men with no children; women or men with one child; women or men with two or more children; young women or men (under 26 years);...

Research report

11 Oct 2004

This report for the Brotherhood's Ecumenical Migration Centre draws on interviews with service providers and an examination of the Given the Chance pilot program which offered refugees a flexible case-managed combination of job skills training, mentoring, work experience and personal support. The researchers argue that...

Journal article

11 Oct 2004

The idea of a treaty or treaties between Indigenous peoples and Australian governments has long been a subject of debate. One argument that often arises is the idea that such agreements are not achievable because they are inconsistent with Australian 'sovereignty'. Sean Brennan, Brenda Gunn...

Research report

11 Oct 2004

Understanding why people choose health insurance and which type of cover they select is important to predicting the future of private health insurance in Australia. In this paper Mike Keane, Professor of Economics at Yale University, develops an innovative approach to modelling insurance choice, using...

Research report

11 Oct 2004

Is it possible, given the current state of knowledge and technology, to design the appropriate market structure for managed competition? Jane Hall describes the principles of managed competition and its development and application in other countries, then outlines recent developments in private health insurance policy...

Research report

11 Oct 2004

Recognition of prior learning is a crucial element in lifelong learning, but limited information exists about skills recognition implementation and outcomes within Australian enterprises. In this study Kaaren Blom, Berwyn Clayton, Andrea Bateman, Marie Bedggood and Elvie Hughes examine the nature of recognition within individual...

Commentary

Article

7 Oct 2004

Family First’s preferences helped get Labor across the line, but the party needs a new strategy in this changing electorate, according to Anne Tiernan .

BEFORE Saturday’s poll, commentators speculated that the election result would be the outcome of not one national campaign,...

Commentary

Article

7 Oct 2004

The giveaway election campaign has buried economic rationalism, writes John Quiggin.

WITH the election only days away, the result is still too close to call, according to the opinion polls. But if the electoral outcome is unclear, the policy debate has been decisive....

Research report

6 Oct 2004

Analyses of Thai politics from the last fifteen years have concentrated on democratisation and widening political space. The reversal of this trend since the election of the Thai Rak Thai government of Thaksin Shinawatra in February 2001 has been dramatic. The media have been suppressed...

Research report

6 Oct 2004

Chris Chamberlain and David MacKenzie estimate that 25,000 to 30,000 students experience a period of homelessness each year, and that most homeless students drop out of school.

Since 1995, the early intervention perspective has been widely adopted around the country.

This report focuses...

Research report

6 Oct 2004

Lockouts have resurfaced in Australia since the introduction of enterprise bargaining. In this working paper analyse the growth in lockouts, employers use of them, and Australian lockout law. To bring Australia into the international mainstream Australia's 'liberal' lockout law needs reform.

Research report

6 Oct 2004

America's remarkable military, economic and political power provided it with the opportunity to profoundly influence the development of the international system, but the precise way this has happened has owed a great deal to the efforts and ideas of a surprisingly small coterie of intellectuals,...

Research report

6 Oct 2004

The end of the Cold War period represented a critical juncture in the global expansion of capitalism, freeing up resources for the US to lead and support an accelerated neo-liberal push. Economic regimes that stood in the way of neo-liberalism came under increased scrutiny, and...

Commentary

Article

5 Oct 2004

Both sides know what the problems are, and action is needed urgently, argues Jack Waterford

THE FIRST task for the incoming Prime Minister - whoever it may be - it to restore some economic rationalism to the cabinet process. If it’s John Howard, it’s...

Research report

5 Oct 2004

Limited research has been undertaken to identify and examine systemic issues associated with the provision of vocational education and training (VET) to equity groups. In this report John McIntyre, Veronica Volkoff, Mez Egg and Nicky Solomon focus on the institutional relationships and policies that determine...

Research report

5 Oct 2004

Ultimately, the authors find decisions about expenditure on training depends on employers' interests, values and commitments. If new policies are to be effective and build upon enterprises' commitment to training, it is critical they align with employers' needs, and receive enterprise commitment. For government, a...

Research report

4 Oct 2004

The Australian Parliament recently tightened section 93 of the Commonwealth Electoral Act to provide that a person serving a sentence of three years or more may not vote in national elections. Australia is not the only democratic country to debate the question of continued felon...

Research report

4 Oct 2004

A quarter of the 15 million adult Australians are aged between 50 and 69. Most people think they are living the good life - married, homeowners, full-time employees earning good incomes, with kids out of the home. They can choose what they'd like to do...

Commentary

Article

4 Oct 2004

An effective national debut won’t necessarily counter the doubts raised by the party’s origins and backers, writes Haydon Manning in this profile of Family First for APO

IT’S not often that a minor party gains national attention so quickly. With no presence in...

Research report

4 Oct 2004

This report presents data on all assisted reproductive technology treatments that took place in 2002 and their resulting pregnancies and births. The Australian and New Zealand Assisted Reproduction Database (ANZARD) permits the linkage of treatment cycles to pregnancies and births and, thus, allows the description...

Research report

4 Oct 2004

This report examines expenditure on health goods and services in Australia for 1992-93 to 2001-02 and presents preliminary estimates for 2002-03. It presents expenditure estimates: at the aggregate level; as a proportion of gross domestic product; on a per person basis; by state; by comparison...

Research report

4 Oct 2004

Opinion polls are a resource for the worst kinds of political cynicism - pitting majorities against outsiders and cultivating short-term thinking on policies - argues Shaun Wilson. Yet our social and political compasses are probably more reliant than ever on them.