November 2004

Research report

1 Oct 2004

Based on information from over 1000 people living with HIV, this report examines the treatments and services being used, patterns of sexual behaviour and relationships, and the impact of HIV on the everyday lives of those who participated in the study.

This is the...

Briefing paper

29 Nov 2004

Sarah Miskin and Richard Grant explore some important aspects of political advertising, including the current legislation, the debates over 'truth' in content and the claims that Australia's political parties are opting for 'Americanised', negative election advertisements.

Political parties spend millions of dollars at each...

Research report

30 Nov 2004

Ambitious, determined, and gracious, Kerry Chikarovski managed to maintain her dignity to the end. It is difficult to reflect on her career without feeling that politics is the poorer if it cannot accommodate a woman of such obvious talent, says Tony Smith.

Research report

30 Nov 2004

Expenditure on plant and machinery has traditionally been seen as an indicator of future economic growth and productivity. But in the age of high technology, investment in an economy's knowledge base could be as important. Key areas include investment in research and development, in software...

Research report

30 Nov 2004

This report examines the quality of identification of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients in seven data collections. The analyses focused firstly on the extent to which Indigenous status was missing or not stated in each data collection and, secondly (where possible) whether improvements in...

Research report

30 Nov 2004

Many Australians proudly imagine ourselves to be the lucky ones, and our country to be the best in the world. Ultimately, says Ron Horvath, this is an empirical question, and a recent book provides the truth that gets in the way of a good story...

Research report

30 Nov 2004

The text of the centre's annual Robert Schuman Lecture for 2004, delivered by the Hon Justice Michael Kirby AC CMG, Justice of the High Court of Australia. He argues that that the European Court of Human Rights will expand in its influence, including in Australia....

Research report

30 Nov 2004

The well-known electoral pendulum lists seats according to the swing needed for each seat to change hands on either sides of the pendulum. Unfortunately, electoral swings are not necessarily uniform across seats and the pendulum is not a necessarily reliable predictor of election outcomes in...

Commentary

Article

29 Nov 2004

JOHN HOWARD has announced a major shift in our government’s approach to security. At the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum in Santiago on the weekend he stressed that reducing poverty and inequality in poor countries was critical in the fight against terrorism as these issues provided...

Research report

29 Nov 2004

In this positioning paper Paul Memmott, Stephen Long, Martin Bell, John Taylor and Dominic Brown outline a research project which aims to carry out a combination of statistical and field-based research on the residential mobility of Indigenous people in selected discrete and rural...

Research report

29 Nov 2004

Crime stoppers programs generally involve collaboration between police and the media to encourage the public to report information to a toll-free line that may lead to the prevention of a crime or the apprehension of offenders, offering anonymity and the possibility of a reward. Dennis...

Research report

29 Nov 2004

This report presents adoption statistics provided by state and territory community services departments for the period 1 July 2003 to 30 June 2004. The report covers all finalised adoptions, including information on adopted children, adoptive families and birth mothers. It provides data on the number...

Research report

29 Nov 2004

Most law enforcement activity is focused at the national (federal) level, but each of the six states and two principal territories also have jurisdiction to deal with crime at a local level, even when it involves some cross-border or organised component. This report identifies the...

Research report

29 Nov 2004

In this positioning paper Paul Flatau, Natalie McGrath, Selina Tually, Lesley Cooper, Mary Morris, Marc Adam, Dora Marinova, Andrew Beer outline a research project designed to assist in leveraging improved and sustainable outcomes in respect of Indigenous access to mainstream public and community housing.

Research report

29 Nov 2004

The study described here sought to classify male domestic partner abusers by characteristics and determine whether groups responded differently to a behaviour change program.

It was found that some abusers appeared to derive greater benefits than others from the twelve-week program. A fuller report...

Research report

29 Nov 2004

Mike Berry, Christine Whitehead, Peter Williams and Judith Yates critically compare the debates, research findings and policy developments directed towards attracting private investment into affordable housing provision in Australia and the UK.

Research report

25 Nov 2004

This report is the first AIHW publication dealing with data from the first year (2002-03) of the redeveloped Commonwealth State/Territory Disability Agreement National Minimum Data Set collection. This report focuses on service users and their characteristics and service type outlets funded to deliver services under...

Research report

25 Nov 2004

Advocates of higher taxation often point to OECD figures suggesting Australia enjoys lower than average tax levels. But in this paper Peter Burn argues these claims are misleading. He says that a careful reading of OECD statistics shows our tax levels are on a par...

Research report

29 Nov 2004

The Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly election was held on 16 October 2004, a week after the federal election. Richard Grant reviews the campaign and the result, and looks at the role of electronic voting.

Research report

24 Nov 2004

This report documents recent, current and planned longitudinal cohort studies of ageing in Australia, as well as a selection of international studies. As a guide to existing studies, it is intended that the report and associated documentation will be a practical resource supporting future efforts...

Research report

24 Nov 2004

The ten members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) will hold summit meetings in Vientiane, Laos on 29-30 November 2004. The summit will include discussions with leaders of Japan, China and the Republic of Korea (as a part of the 'ASEAN Plus Three'...

Research report

29 Nov 2004

Tony Kryger finds that, in the randomly selected months of July and August 2004, more than twice as many people entered employment from outside the labour force as persons who made the transition from unemployment. This suggests that, in order to reduce unemployment significantly, the...

Research report

23 Nov 2004

The introduction of vocational education and training within the senior secondary curriculum was designed to broaden student choices beyond subjects which predominantly led to university, and to provide alternative pathways to tertiary education and work.

Nhi Nguyen provides information about senior secondary...

Research report

23 Nov 2004

This report explores issues associated with current data collection in the area of community based palliative care provision and recommends strategies leading to the collection of nationally comparable information.

Research report

19 Nov 2004

The objective of this study for the Office of the Status of Women was to describe and analyse factors influencing prosecutorial decisions to proceed with, discontinue or enter into charge negotiations in cases referred to state and territory public prosecutions offices. Denise Lievore's findings suggest...

Research report

19 Nov 2004

Risk assessments are necessary to decide which offenders should be targeted for rehabilitation and to deal with the increasing demand by the public and politicians that offenders who are at a high risk of reoffending, especially violent and sexual offending, should not be released prematurely....

Research report

19 Nov 2004

Bernadette McSherry looks at the issue of violence prevention from a mental health perspective, discussing the implications for sentencing decisions and examining the ethical and legal background to such assessments. It outlines the different ways in which risk can be measured and managed.

...

Research report

2 Jul 2004

The federal government's 'welfare reform' agenda recognises the potential importance of housing in the overall structure of welfare and tax reform but has not addressed this issue in any depth. In this paper Kath Hulse and Bill Randolph attempt to fill a part of this...

Research report

18 Nov 2004

In this report John Spencer shows that 41 per cent of health card holders avoided or delayed accessing dental care because of cost, while 31 per cent waited more than six months for an appointment.

These figures compare with 17 per cent and 0.4...

Research report

18 Nov 2004

In keeping in line with a new emphasis on a whole of government cross-sectoral approach to childhood policy, the AIHW has broadened its reporting framework to encompass a wider set on influences on childhood development. This bulletin provides an overview of the key indicators to...

Research report

16 Nov 2004

In the Behrooz case, the High Court held that Commonwealth legislation providing for detention of non-citizens was within the legislative power conferred by the Australian Constitution, even if the detention possibly involved harsh or inhumane treatment of detainees. The result of this decision is that...

Research report

16 Nov 2004

Australia's systems for disease surveillance, detection and reporting have recently been reinvigorated, as has planning for mass casualty and outbreak preparedness. However, existing research and comments from the Australian experts in public health policy and practice interviewed by Nigel Brew and Kate Burton for this...

Commentary

Article

16 Nov 2004

John Howard’s appointments as departmental heads reflect a changing attitude to the public service, says Jack Waterford

THE NATURAL focus of John Howard’s management changes is to remark that all four people he has put at the top are women, taking to seven (counting...

Research report

17 Nov 2004

For some time, considerable disparity has been apparent in the prescribing of medication for children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in different jurisdictions in Australia.

Despite having a smaller population than New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland, Western Australia accounts for the highest number...

Research report

17 Nov 2004

In this report for the Office of the Status of Women Denise Lievore reviews the international literature on recidivism rates and the risk factors that predict sexual, violent and general reoffending, and identifies a number of specific predictors of sexual reoffending. Victorian police data on...

Conference paper

17 Nov 2004

This paper, presented at the 2nd IWA Leading Edge Conference on Sustainability in Water Limited Environments in Sydney in November 2004, argues that there are three demand management responses to imbalances in water demand and supply: conserve water, substitute potable water with a different source,...

Research report

17 Nov 2004

Lee Milner and Kiah McGregor examine the use of cocaine among a group of individuals detained by police and interviewed for the AIC's Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA) program. The analysis shows that while most cocaine use occurs in DUMA's Sydney sites, use also...

Research report

17 Nov 2004

The report is founded on evidence obtained directly from victims of drink spiking in addition to data received from police in each Australian jurisdiction and data from the Centre Against Sexual Assault.

Natalie Taylor, Jeremy Prichard and Kate Charlton highlight the degree to which...

Research report

17 Nov 2004

This paper, presented at the 2nd IWA Leading Edge Conference on Sustainability in Water Limited Environments in Sydney in November 2004, argues that while infrastructure provides the life-blood of our cities - enabling us to congregate in large numbers, delivering our needs and wants, removing...

Research report

16 Nov 2004

People trafficking is a well-established and enormously lucrative business throughout the Asia Pacific region, but it would appear that regional governments have only recently begun to tackle the problem in a concerted way.

Janet Phillips looks at some of the issues associated with people...

Research report

16 Nov 2004

In August 2004 Australia's High Court declared by 4:3 that failed asylum seekers who have nowhere to go can be kept in immigration detention indefinitely. In the Al-Khateb and Al Khafaji cases, the majority said that provided the Immigration Minister retained the intention of eventually...

Research report

16 Nov 2004

Peter Andren, the independent federal member for Calare, attacks the excesses of parliamentary 'entitlements' employed in the pursuit of re-election. 'We have a system,' he writes, 'that delivers all representatives incredible privileges and power through incumbency.'

Research report

16 Nov 2004

It identifies the impediments Indigenous people face in accessing mainstream public and long-term community housing assistance programs and sustaining tenancies in public and community housing. And it discusses policy actions and measures that may help to overcome these obstacles.

Authors: Paul Flatau,...

Article

16 Nov 2004

Peter Brent looks at above-the-line Senate ticket voting and the practice of 'preference swapping', which proved controversial at the 9 October election, and asks: how can we justify these practices in terms of democratic values and respect for the preferences of voters? He sheds some...

Research report

15 Nov 2004

A highly skilled workforce is widely viewed as essential for prosperity in economies characterised by rapid technological change. However, the development of high level skills across the workforce is expensive and requires major investment from individuals, governments and employers.

Sue Richardson explores an alternative...

Commentary

Article

15 Nov 2004

Excessive parliamentary entitlements and unregulated private funding give enormous advantages to the major parties, argues Joo-Cheong Tham

AUSTRALIA’s federal parliamentarians receive generous funding from the public purse. Entitlements range from parliamentary salaries down to a variety of allowances like the printing allowance. A...

Research report

16 Nov 2004

The legality of different forms of detention continues to be a prominent national issue. In August 2004, the High Court of Australia said the continued and potentially indefinite detention of failed asylum seekers who had asked to leave but had nowhere to go was constitutionally...

Briefing paper

16 Nov 2004

Morag Donaldson explains the welfare jurisdiction of the Family Court by highlighting its historic roots and noting some of the cases in which it has been applied.

She also examines the concept and extent of parental responsibility in so far as it relates to...

Research report

15 Nov 2004

Identifiable Commonwealth expenditure in the area of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander affairs began with the establishment of the Office of Aboriginal Affairs soon after the landmark referendum in 1967. Over the past decade, John Gardiner-Garden finds, per-capita expenditure on Indingenous Australians (once adjusted to...

Commentary

Article

15 Nov 2004

NEXT YEAR, Justice Michael McHugh of the High Court will turn 70 and retire. Appointed in 1989 by Prime Minister Bob Hawke, McHugh is the longest serving judge on the Court. His replacement will be selected by the federal government, the fifth such appointment by...

Research report

15 Nov 2004

This book of research readings explores the role Australia's vocational education and training (VET) sector can fulfill to assist business innovation. Contributors consider the implications of innovation for Australian workers and identify the VET sector's contribution, as well as evaluating elements of the national innovation...

Research report

11 Nov 2004

There is growing polarisation in Australian housing markets between those who have attained or will attain home ownership, and those who will spend their housing careers in private rental housing. While this has an obvious equity dimension, it also affects the efficiency of urban and...

Research report

11 Nov 2004

This report brings together monitoring information from the period 1999 to the end of 2003 about practices that may risk transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and about practices related to the social and behavioural aspects of the treatment and care of people living with...

Research report

11 Nov 2004

With its industry partners, Futureye and Premier Oil (UK), the centre is conducting a three-year Australian Research Council project investigating the human rights responsibilities of multinational corporations. One aspect of the research is this website, with links to codes, principles and norms for multinational and...

Research report

11 Nov 2004

This paper examines the relationship between social science research and public policy and its processes, and suggests directions for the best use of research in developing public policy. The author addresses: the dimension of problems confronting policy makers and researchers as they search for ways...

Research report

11 Nov 2004

This three part study is an attempt to assist Australian governments to understand the forces and issues shaping the Australian energy sector, the relationship between the sector and the domestic economy and the relationships between Australia and the world at large.

The study aims...

Research report

9 Nov 2004

Garry Rodan analyses the nature and significance of different views on the relationship between economic and political liberalism by examining the meaning and purpose of transparency reform among neoliberals. He also assesses the implications of these transparency reforms for regimes in Southeast Asia.

Research report

9 Nov 2004

Barry Duggan and Andrea Sharam explore the implications of the rivalry between private low-income rental providers and private competitive utility providers in Victoria by tracking regulatory changes in the utility sector and through the experience of low-income tenants.

Research report

9 Nov 2004

A consistent feature that connects terrorists of varying political motives and personality types is the existence of near universal feelings of anger, disempowerment, and frustration. Moreover, to the extent that the denial of human rights robs individuals of their dignity it constitutes a form of...

Research report

9 Nov 2004

Amitav Acharya analyses the major implications of terrorism and counter-terrorism post-September 11 for Asian security order, with a particular focus on Southeast Asia, which has been dubbed by the Bush administration as the 'second front' in the war on terror. He focuses on the growing...

Research report

9 Nov 2004

This paper challenges the assumption that 'progressive' taxation is 'just' and sets out the moral case for a 'flat' income tax. Lauchlan Chipman argues for a flat tax and argues that this is a much fairer, more efficient and more transparent system.

Research report

8 Nov 2004

This paper takes the form of a reflective dialogue between three teachers of business ethics working in different continents. Originating as a conference debate, it takes as its theme the notion of ideological "neutrality" and the role of the business ethics teacher.

Research report

8 Nov 2004

In this update to Background Paper 4/04 for the NSW Parliamentary Library, Antony Green analyses the NSW electorates that have had their proposed boundaries altered in the most recent stage of the redistribution process. A more detailed breakdown of the altered electorates is also provided....

Commentary

Article

5 Nov 2004

WITH a second presidential victory, George Bush must deal with the problems created by his first term in office. Iraq is the most obvious and pressing and attracted most substantive attention during the campaign, along with irrelevancies like the candidates’ Vietnam War records, and the...

Commentary

Article

5 Nov 2004

IN THE febrile atmosphere of post election punditry, with its narrow focus on the rights and wrongs of the election campaign, we are likely to lose sight of the broader political forest for the trees - Tasmanian, of course.

As sweeping as the claims...

Research report

5 Nov 2004

The Blair Government has pursued three interrelated sets of initiatives: the encouragement of philanthropy, the rebuilding of capacity in the voluntary and community sector, weakened by decades of government exploitation, and the fostering of social enterprise. These initiatives have been fostered by a wide range...

Research report

5 Nov 2004

Australia's food safety and quarantine standards are coming under increasing pressure from bilateral trade agreements such as the Australia-US FTA. Despite the risks to Australian health and agriculture, quarantine standards have already been lowered to accommodate increased trade. Further concessions are likely in negotiations for...

Research report

5 Nov 2004

Journalists and cartoonists revel in the shame and humiliation of public figures, while politicians seek to embarrass each other in the fake combat of parliament. What psychodramas generate this behaviour, asks Paul Corcoran, and what does it tell us about ourselves and our political culture?...

Research report

3 Nov 2004

Tom Karmel and Davinia Wood examine the influence of education and training on the participation of older people in the labour market, and the pay-off of undertaking education and training as an older-person compared to earlier in life.

On the whole, the results indicate...

Research report

3 Nov 2004

Lara Fergus considers the human rights approach to stopping violence against women in the context of Amnesty International's recently launched Stop Violence Against Women campaign. She examines how such conceptual changes to human rights may mark the beginning of a new era of activism of...

Research report

3 Nov 2004

Sally Young looks at the rise in the level of informal votes cast in the 2004 federal election, which highlights the need for funding to be restored to the Australian Electoral Commission so that it can conduct adequate community education programs, particularly in electorates with...

Research report

3 Nov 2004

In this paper Tom Karmel aims to establish the importance of vocational education and training (VET) to young people in South Australia in Adelaide and regional areas. It finds that VET, as a substitute of continuing school, is important in Adelaide and regional areas, although...

Research report

3 Nov 2004

This report by Stephen Leeder, Susan Raymond, Henry Greenberg, and their colleagues sets out to dispel many myths that hamper progress in cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases in developing countries. It does so at a time when health has attracted the highest possible level...

Research report

2 Nov 2004

Papers from ACER's research conference on the the social and emotional development of young people are available online. Among the speakers are Michael Sawyer, who argues that a combination of falling birth rates and increasing rates of adolescent mental health problems has the potential to...

Research report

2 Nov 2004

Drug companies running their own clinical trials. Research results suppressed to protect profits. Is the integrity of academic science under threat from commercialisation? In the US maybe, but Dianne Nicol thinks there may yet be hope for Australian science.