December 2004

Research report

30 Dec 2004

This report includes findings from a crosssectional study of social and behavioural risk factors for syphilis infection and transmission among men who have sex with men in Sydney, as well as qualitative material on gay men's understandings and experiences of syphilis and other STIs.

Research report

30 Dec 2004

Commissioned by the Australian Education Union (SA), this report identifies significant shortcomings in the 2003 literacy and numeracy testing conducted in South Australian schools. The authors argue that well-designed standardised tests can be useful as one part of an assessment regime, but the current tests...

Research report

24 Dec 2004

This report consolidates two national studies on the TAFE workforce, and on VET professionals in private and public registered training organisations. The findings have important implications for workforce planning. Within the TAFE sector, the number of teachers aged over 45 is almost double the average...

Research report

24 Dec 2004

Jerry Ratcliffe and Toni Makkai explore the impact of a targeted policing operation to reduce property crime.

By comparing property crime data for the Australian Capital territory and surrounding areas of New South Wales, they find no evidence for displacement, either spatially or by...

Research report

22 Dec 2004

In this report Margaret Giles, Anh Tram Le, Maria Allan, Catherine Lees, Ann-Claire Larsen and Lyn Bennett examine the study and work experiences of Western Australian prisoners before and during their incarceration and their expectations of post-release outcomes. They find that differences in work and...

Research report

24 Dec 2004

Tony Krone outlines the legal definition of child pornography and Australian laws relating to this, and presents a typology of online child pornography offending. He also discusses the implications for law enforcement responses.

Research report

24 Dec 2004

The aim of Indigenous courts has been to make court processes more culturally appropriate, to engender greater trust between Indigenous communities and judicial officers, and to permit a more informal and open exchange of information about defendants and their cases.

Indigenous people, organisations, elders,...

Article

22 Dec 2004

Norm Kelly, a former Member of the Legislative Council of Western Australia and a soon to be member of the Political Science Program at the Australian National University, takes a look at the advantages that follow when minor parties achieve parliamentary party status.

Research report

22 Dec 2004

Sharon Beder takes a look at the increasing use of 'strategic lawsuits against public participation', or SLAPPs, by corporations against individual citizens and groups for exercising their democratic rights.

Research report

21 Dec 2004

Tom Karmel provides an overview of the factors which influence and drive Australia's technical and vocational education and training sector. He details the objectives of Shaping our future, Australia's national strategy for the sector from 2004 to 2010, and key initiatives of the sector to...

Research report

21 Dec 2004

Vocational education and training (VET) policy is increasingly focused on the importance of quality in each institution's capacity to deliver effective programs. Graham Maxwell, Peter Noonan, Mark Bahr and Ian Hardy address institutional-level monitoring and evaluation of performance and provide a comprehensive model which institutes...

Discussion paper

20 Dec 2004

In this presentation to the CPP's Workplace of the Future symposium, independent researcher Richard Curtain examines the role of temporary employment agencies in Australia and compares local experience to overseas developments, including recent regulatory reforms.

Research report

17 Dec 2004

This report describes the development of and presents the first six months' data from the newly developed national collection of data on medical indemnity claims in the public sector. The medical indemnity national collection includes both claims that have materialised and potential claims. The data...

Research report

17 Dec 2004

A number of organisations currently collect information on children's services. While there is some duplication of information across the collections, there are also notable gaps, and no single collection or combination of collections, is able to provide an accurate measure of the number and proportion...

Research report

17 Dec 2004

The Australian Democrats pride themselves on being a really democratic party. But can they continue to allow all rank and file members to influence policy-making? Probably not. Zareh Ghazarian argues that the Democrats need a new way to engage party members that avoids the long...

Research report

17 Dec 2004

The next few years will reveal whether Mark Latham truly deserves to be Australia's prime minister. In the meantime, writes Frank Bongiorno, four biographies of the Opposition leader help us assess his achievements and prospects for ourselves--once we get past the hagiography and propaganda.

Research report

16 Dec 2004

What is known about children with disabilities in Australia, in terms of their characteristics, and the needs and circumstances of them and their families? What is known about the services, benefits and assistance provided to them? This report uses a range of information sources to...

Research report

16 Dec 2004

The International Violence Against Women Survey was conducted across Australia between December 2002 and June 2003. A total of 6677 women participated in the survey, and provided information on their experiences of physical and sexual violence.

Jenny Mouzos and Toni Makkai describe the type...

Research report

16 Dec 2004

In reviewing previous studies of arson, Matthew Willis examines the motives and profiles of arsonists (particularly children and firefighters), the factors underlying arson in bush areas, and the impact of deliberately lit bushfires.

Issues of prevention of arson and of treatment of offenders are...

Research report

16 Dec 2004

Kate Charlton and Marissa McCall provide a comprehensive overview of juveniles in detention in Australia between 1981 and 2003.

Their report includes both an analysis of the number and rate of juveniles in detention over time (with respect to a number of different variables)...

Research report

15 Dec 2004

Robert Samuels, Bruce Judd, Bette O'Brien and Jack Barton examine the problem of crime and harassment experienced by residents in areas with large concentrations of public housing, and the intervention programs developed by state governments. At question is the extent to which community renewal, policing...

Research report

15 Dec 2004

The ageing of the population, combined with increasing life expectancies, is raising concerns about the sustainability of current economic and social structures.

Agnes Walker examines the likelihood and impact of more older Australians staying in the labour force. Using a dynamic microsimulation...

Research report

15 Dec 2004

Australia's 15-year-old students have a level of mathematical literacy among the best in the world, a new international study released today shows. The OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2003 tested 15-year-old students in 41 countries in mathematical, reading and scientific literacy as well...

Research report

15 Dec 2004

One way to understand the value of sporting 'superstars' is to examine the effect they have on match attendances and revenue. Arguably, the most famous sports star in Australia was Sir Donald Bradman, whose batting average has far exceeded that of any cricket players. Julian...

Commentary

Article

15 Dec 2004

Just because the Coalition won on the economy doesn’t mean social issues don’t matter, argues David Burchell

EVERY lower-grade suburban cricketer knows the feeling. You got out for a duck, again. And everybody has advice. Your bat’s not coming through straight. Your backlift’s...

Research report

15 Dec 2004

Australian Year 4 and Year 8 students' achievements in mathematics and science have remained much the same over the past eight years while a number of other countries have made substantial improvements over the same time, raising their position relative to that of Australia, according...

Research report

15 Dec 2004

Tony Melhuish, Anthony King and Elizabeth Taylor argue that the Commonwealth rent assistance rules should be modified to recognise regional variations in the rental market and in the impact of the program.

Changes to the rules may result in improved regional performance, without any...

Research report

13 Dec 2004

The national report on health sector performance indicators 2003 is the sixth in the series of reports to the Australian Health Ministers' Conference. It provides a comprehensive picture of the performance of the Australian health sector in regard to health status, health determinants and health...

Research report

13 Dec 2004

Data reported by 1000 general practitioners on 100,000 GP-patient encounters are used to describe aspects of general practice in Australia: the general practitioners and their patients; the problems managed and the treatments provided. Information is also reported on body weight to height ratio, smoking status...

Research report

13 Dec 2004

This report presents the latest evidence linking excess body weight with cardiovascular disease, including coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure and their associated risk factors.

Research report

10 Dec 2004

Robin Tennant-Wood explores the 'symbiotic relationship' between Australia's political parties and the Australian media, focusing on the media's sometimes reluctant scrutiny of party funding.

Research report

10 Dec 2004

Disability experience is a complex interaction between the health condition and environmental and personal factors. People's health is increasingly conceptualised in terms of their quality of life, what activities they can do, in what areas of life they are able to participate as they wish,...

Research report

30 Nov 2004

This study develops a demographic profile of current carers in NSW and predict the likely availability of foster carers in specific locations based on that profile and projected demographic developments.

The study's main goal in this area is to identify the changes and forward...

Research report

9 Dec 2004

Marissa McCall, Jenny Mouzos and Toni Makkai present both self-report and urinalysis data from participating detainees for the calendar year 2003. They provide an overview of the characteristics of the detainees at each site, including self-reported drug use, prior criminal behaviour and treatment history....

Research report

9 Dec 2004

The NDICP examines the circumstances of deaths in prison, police custody and juvenile detention around Australia on an ongoing basis. The purpose of monitoring deaths in custody is to provide accurate, up-to-date information that will contribute to public policy discussion in this important area, and...

Research report

9 Dec 2004

The impact of crime on the business community can be substantial, with offences ranging from traditional business crimes such as burglary and shoplifting, through to internally perpetrated crimes such as employee fraud and theft. However, despite the vast extent of crime and its considerable costs,...

Commentary

Article

8 Dec 2004

LAST week was a big week in trade. John Howard refused to consider signing a non-aggression treaty with the Association of South East Asian Nations. China and ASEAN signed a full-blown free trade agreement. Australia and ASEAN announced negotiations would commence towards an FTA. India...

Research report

7 Dec 2004

It complements a previous brief, Domestic Violence in Australia (92) , issued by the Parliamentary Library in August 2003, which includes links to interest groups and an overview of Commonwealth government violence against women initiatives and perpetrator programs.

Research report

7 Dec 2004

Using microsimulation, Agnes Walker finds that if a policy was implemented which resulted in the lifting of the health status of all Australians to that of the most affluent 20 per cent in the population, then close to one million fewer Australians are estimated to...

Research report

7 Dec 2004

In the 1960s and 1970s Australians were big believers in having a nest egg of savings set away for a rainy day. Since then times have changed.

In the ninth AMP/NATSEM Income and Wealth Report, Ann Harding, Simon Kelly and Rebecca Cassells investigate Australians'...

Research report

7 Dec 2004

Since the emergence of widespread concerns over environmental degradation in the 1960s, a great deal of work has been put into the concept of environmental 'sustainability'. More recently, economic and social sustainability have been adopted as additional and interrelated concerns. Sustainability is now a broad...

Research report

7 Dec 2004

This paper is a summary of the discussion at a roundtable on gender and the brain held on 4 August 2004 at City West Campus of the University of South Australia, Adelaide, presented by Adelaide Thinkers in Residence and the Office for Women, South Australia....

Research report

7 Dec 2004

The humanitarian disaster in the Darfur region of Sudan received a great deal of publicity in 2004. In fact it was the result of an exacerbation of political strife going back many years. In this research brief Ravi Tomar provides a background to the conflict...

Research report

6 Dec 2004

Released to inform public discussion in the lead-up to the development of the government's next defence or national security white paper, this document aims to put the debate surrounding Australia's maritime strategy within a coherent context. Alex Tewes provides a historical summary of strategic developments...

Research report

6 Dec 2004

Should cartoonists restrain their satirical instincts to protect public confidence in politicians, parties, and democratic institutions? Or are their 'little incendiary bombs' a crucial form of political communication? Haydon Manning and Robert Phiddian argue that cartoonists should have free 'licence to mock'.

Also available:...

Research report

6 Dec 2004

Governments face major challenges when addressing the issue of workplace health and safety, and there is sharply divided opinion over the appropriate legislative response to industrial deaths and accidents. Any policy has to consider the effects upon industry and investment as well as the effect...

Research report

6 Dec 2004

The new family tax-benefit system shifts the tax burden disproportionately towards low and middle-wage families with a second earner, argues Patricia Apps. All up, two decades of tax reform and government neglect of child care have contributed to population ageing and restricted the growth of...

Article

6 Dec 2004

Paul Keating argued that making Australia a republic would resolve the issue of our national identity, and his republican ideal was multicultural. But the republic did not eventuate, and nearly a decade on multiculturalism is under attack. So where does that leave national identity, asks...

Research report

3 Dec 2004

This publication presents a summary of results from a national survey of students who undertook vocational education and training at a technical and further education institute during 2003. The survey collects information about the students' general characteristics, employment outcomes, and satisfaction with their training. Also...

Essay

3 Dec 2004

The international community founded the United Nations in 1945 as the centrepiece of an ambitious institutional strategy to prevent the recurrence of world war, global depression, and massive humanitarian crises. Sixty years later the world is again confronting multiple governance challenges, none of which can...

Research report

3 Dec 2004

Lifelong learning means different things to different people. This paper takes a pragmatic approach and examines adult engagement with various aspects of Australia's education and training system and the policy framework that underpins the system. Tom Karmel argues that Australia's policy framework for lifelong learning...

Discussion paper

1 Dec 2004

Jon Altman, Boyd Hunter and Nicholas Biddle examine trends across a number of socioeconomic outcomes for Indigenous Australians from the 1967 referendum to the present, using four Censuses of Population and Housing carried out by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in 1971, 1981, 1991 and...

Research report

1 Dec 2004

Their labour force and income status remain relatively poor, creating a challenge to Council of Australian Governments partners to ensure increased Indigenous participation in regional development planning and activity. John Taylor and Nicholas Biddle developed a baseline regional profile of Indigenous and non-Indigenous population numbers...