January 2005

Research report

31 Jan 2005

Most OECD member countries have long achieved close to universal coverage of their population for a fairly comprehensive package of essential health services. There are exceptions, but in most countries, access to good quality physician and hospital services is ensured at relatively low and sometimes...

Research report

31 Jan 2005

The Committee for Economic Development Australia has published this collection of papers from the From Risk to Opportunity: Labour Markets in Transition project based in the CPP.

This report includes the following papers:

A New Social Settlement: Reshaping Australian social policy in the...

Research report

28 Jan 2005

Whole of government approaches assume that because the causes of crime are complex and multifaceted, then preventive responses will be more effective if the efforts of all the relevant government agencies and community and business groups are combined into a single coordinated strategy.

However,...

Research report

28 Jan 2005

As prosecution agencies are often criticised for their performance in prosecuting sexual assault, understanding the factors that impact on the exercise of prosecutorial discretion constitutes an important step towards improving outcomes in sexual assault prosecutions. Denise Lievore analyses decisions to proceed with or discontinue prosecution...

Article

28 Jan 2005

A. J. Brown and Brian Head compare the level of resources different Australian governments give to anti-corruption watchdog agencies. On the combined measures of staffing and budget (as percentages of total public sector), Queensland agencies are best resourced, followed by NSW and Western Australia. Victoria,...

Research report

28 Jan 2005

Denise Lievore presents a thematic analysis of interviews with Crown Prosecutors from five Australian jurisdictions. The interviews shed light on the practical factors that are taken into account in decisions to proceed with or discontinue sexual assault cases, as well as prosecutors' views of what...

Research report

28 Jan 2005

Marian Sawer considers the two principles inspiring the international democratic audit framework: popular control over decision-making; and political equality in the exercise of that control. There are good reasons to add two others - human rights/civil liberties and deliberative democracy - to highlight the tensions...

Research report

28 Jan 2005

Ken Coghill, former Speaker of the Victorian Legislative Assembly, looks at the role of the speaker (or president) during question time, citing two particular cases from 1991 and 2004. He suggests the independence of, and respect given to, presiding officers needs to be enhanced. The...

Research report

28 Jan 2005

As not all antisocial behaviour is recorded by police, it is valuable to measure adolescents' own reports of their involvement in such behaviour.

Self-reported measures allow questions to be answered about the types, rates and across-time patterns of adolescent antisocial behaviour and...

Research report

27 Jan 2005

Is terrorism such a radical new threat that it necessitates a reinvention, or even abandonment, of the current international legal order? Devika Hovell examines this question through an examination of recent forceful responses to terrorism, placing contemporary policies for the use of counter-terrorist force in...

Research report

27 Jan 2005

This report on the Fertility Decision Making Project, by Ruth Weston, Lixia Qu, Robyn Parker and Michael Alexander, discusses the first findings from a national random survey of men and women aged between 20 and 39 years focusing on fertility decision making.

Research report

27 Jan 2005

These briefs are produced in a two-page electronic format to provide an introduction to a wide range of key issues in the fight against high tech crime. Topics covered to date include child pornography sentencing in NSW, hacking offences, motives and techniques, evidence, copyright offences,...

Research report

27 Jan 2005

Technology has both facilitated and impeded the investigation of high tech crime involving computing and communications technologies. Computers have enabled vast amounts of data to be searched and analysed quickly, and files to be transmitted across the globe in seconds, but the sheer quantity of...

Research report

27 Jan 2005

These bulletins are regular, concise and topical one-page sheets on a broad range of topics relating to the deliberate lighting of fires in Australian bushland environments. The BushFIRE arson bulletins aim to build a knowledge of all aspects of bushfire arson - who lights fires,...

Research report

27 Jan 2005

Courts have experimented with sanctions which require the computer of an offender convicted of high tech crimes to be forfeited, or which prohibit the offender from undertaking computer-related activities. Some courts have also imposed requirements that the offender's computer activities be monitored by a probation...

Article

25 Jan 2005

Despite decades of effort, with even greater focus after September 11, attempts to develop a generally accepted legal definition of terrorism have failed. In this article Ben Golder and George Williams address some of the practical and political problems that lawyers encounter when they attempt...

Research report

21 Jan 2005

This document reports on the data collected under the 2003-04 Commonwealth-State Housing Agreement (CSHA) public rental housing data collection. Two companion reports, Commonwealth-State Housing Agreement National Data Reports 2003-04: State Owned and Managed Indigenous Housing and Commonwealth-State Housing Agreement National Data Reports 2003-04: CSHA Community...

Research report

20 Jan 2005

Antony Green discusses the political impact of the finalised New South Wales state electoral boundaries, released by the Electoral Districts Commission on 21 December 2004.

With the number of seats held by each party remaining unchanged as a result of this redistribution, the Coalition...

Research report

20 Jan 2005

This report is based on information from three national child protection data collections - child protection notifications, investigations and substantiations; children on care and protection orders; and children in out-of-home care. Most of the data in this report cover the 2003-04 financial year, although data...

Research report

20 Jan 2005

Tobacco is the leading preventable cause of morbidity and premature mortality, responsible for more death and drug-related hospitalisations than alcohol and illicit drugs combined. Approximately 21 per cent of male adults and 18 per cent of female adults in Australia are daily smokers. Talina Drabsch...

Research report

19 Jan 2005

The International Crisis Group's Sidney Jones argues that although terrorism in Southeast Asia is a serious problem, we need to keep it in perspective, as most Southeast Asians do, and make sure the tools we use to try to contain it help rather than hurt....

Commentary

Article

19 Jan 2005

The ideas and insights are still essential, argues David Burchell

WHEN Mark Latham’s abrupt, querulous resignation speech drifted over the airwaves yesterday, that old Greek aphorism came into my mind: ‘a man’s character is his fate’. His whole life Latham has been a...

Research report

30 Nov 2004

While not having land borders offers Australia some degree of security from terrorism in general, the maritime nature of our strategic and geographic environment makes us particularly vulnerable to maritime terrorist attacks. Aldo Borgu provides an overview of the nature of terrorist threats in Australia's...

Research report

19 Jan 2005

Variable data quality standards and less than transparent procedures limit the effectiveness of tenancy databases and result in private renters and - potentially - the public housing system bearing the risk associated with tenancies, according to this AHURI Research and Policy Bulletin.

Research report

18 Jan 2005

The Commonwealth Ombudsman's Office is one of the largest in the world in terms of the volume of complaints heard, and while it has greatly enhanced the accountability of government to individual citizens, its effectiveness has been curbed by insufficient resources and conflicts of interest...

Research report

18 Jan 2005

In this audit of Australia's major political parties Dean Jaensch, Peter Brent and Brett Bowden draw particular attention to the lack of transparency in party funding, and the troublesome issue of internal party democracy.

Research report

18 Jan 2005

The labour force experiences of new migrants say much about the overall success of their settlement into Australia.

Do they find jobs that match their skills and provide a satisfactory level of earnings? How do their varied backgrounds and English capabilities affect their...

Research report

18 Jan 2005

The experience of being a new migrant is a big part of the Australian story. In this report for the Department of Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs, Sue Richardson, Josh Healy, Sue Stack, Lauren Miller-Lewis, Megan Moskos, Diana Ilsley, Laurence Lester and John Horrocks...

Research report

17 Jan 2005

Do voters reward national leaders who are more competent economic managers, or merely those who happen to be in power when the world economy booms? According to rational voting models, electors should parse out the state of the world economy when deciding whether to re-elect...

Research report

17 Jan 2005

Gilian Beer and Bruce Chapman examine the impact of changes to Australia's student financing system on various hypothetical students who choose the government's proposed deferred payment options, HECS-HELP and FEE-HELP.

The present values of their HECS repayments under the existing (2004) system are compared...

Discussion paper

17 Jan 2005

Few would argue against the principle that the penalty for an offence should affect all offenders equally.

No one would argue that rich people should receive shorter jail sentences or have fewer demerit points deducted than poor people. Yet, argues Clive Hamilton, the system...

Research report

13 Jan 2005

The majority of incarcerated women interviewed for this study were drug-dependent, under the influence of drugs at the time of the offence, and actively involved in the drug market in the form of buying or selling drugs. Women are more likely to attribute their offending...

Research report

12 Jan 2005

Bill Mitchell and Anthea Bill explore the presence of spillover effects between regional labour markets and finds that significant spatial interprendence exists suggesting that chronically unemployed regions reinforce each others plight.

Research report

12 Jan 2005

Martin Watts explores the notion of the local labour market using an algorithm that exploits the Journey to Work data.

Research report

12 Jan 2005

Sally Cowling demonstrates the unsustainability of forcing people off welfare benefits when there are not enough paid employment opportunities.

She also shows that most of the workers who took jobs after the harsh welfare reforms did not escape poverty.

Research report

12 Jan 2005

James Juniper, Bill Mitchell and Jennifer Myers examine whether small businesses in Australia has higher rates of job creation than larger firms. They also consider whether so-called 'industrial relations' factors (wages, workers compensation, superannuation, union membership) retards rates of job creation in Australia. They find...

Research report

10 Jan 2005

Stewart Smith reviews recent inquries into transport-related issues in New South Wales, and places them into the perspective of the development of the Sydney Metropolitan Strategy. Transport is a complex issue world wide, and in the United Kingdom various strategies have been implemented to increase...

Discussion paper

10 Jan 2005

When people talk of a treaty between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, the debate is often about high-level principles. Issues like sovereignty, self-determination and constitutional guarantees are undeniably important. People hold different views about them and these are debates we need to have if Australia is...

Research report

10 Jan 2005

From 2000 to 2002 the Australian Capital Territory experienced significant declines in the rate of burglary. Toni Makkai, Jerry Ratcliffe, Keenan Veraar and Lisa Collins examine the key factors associated with this reduction and provide a profile of recidivist property offenders in the ACT....

Research report

10 Jan 2005

In 2003, part-time employment in Australia accounted for over 42 per cent of the Australian female workforce, nearly 17 per cent of the male workforce, and represented 28 per cent of total employment. Of the OECD countries, only the Netherlands has a higher proportion of...

Research report

10 Jan 2005

Rowena Johns examines current laws, recent developments, and planned reforms in New South Wales relating to driving a motor vehicle after consuming alcohol or drugs. This briefing paper also examines some developments in interstate jurisdictions.

Research report

10 Jan 2005

Bruce Chapman and Ric Simes outline a potential new approach for the public sector in assisting regional economies.

A novel aspect of their proposal involves the government providing some proportion of the required finance in the form of a loan to be repaid by...

Research report

10 Jan 2005

Alan Ralph and Matthew R. Sanders describe a preliminary evaluation of a 'Teen Triple P' Positive Parenting Program, delivered to parents of pre-adolescent children at the transition from primary to secondary school in Queensland. Preliminary results suggest positive outcomes for most participating parents. There have...

Research report

10 Jan 2005

Nick Carroll examines what influences the probability that somebody will leave unemployment. The unemployment data used are derived from the retrospective work history information from the first two waves of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey. He finds that variables that increase...