February 2005

Research report

1 Mar 2005

Since the 1970s, Australia has been conducting a utopian socialist experiment with the lives of a generation of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders in remote Australia. Helen Hughes and Jenness Warin argue that the resulting deprivation and misery of remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander...

Research report

1 Mar 2005

The Community Development Employment Projects scheme employs around 35,000 Indigenous Australians and accounts for over one-quarter of total Indigenous employment. Jon Altman and Matthew Gray review the evidence on the social and economic impacts of the scheme, and argue that the scheme should continue to...

Research report

1 Mar 2005

Organisations that promote the rights of children argue that more meaningful social policies will evolve from considering the perspectives of those who are influenced by such policies. But how do we find out about the views and perceptions of children? How do we ensure that...

Commentary

Article

28 Feb 2005

Reform should not focus on marginal rates for higher earners, argues John Quiggin

THE CALL for tax reform issued by Reserve Bank governor Ian Macfarlane in his recent appearance before a House of Representatives committee is of interest as much for what he did...

Research report

28 Feb 2005

Using national survey data, Michael Flood outlines patterns of loneliness, support and friendship and assesses who is most at risk of emotional and social isolation and who is socially supported and connected. The paper focuses on young adults aged 25 to 44, a demographic that...

Research report

28 Feb 2005

Papers and audio from the 2005 Constitutional Law Conference and Dinner, held on 18 February, are now available online. Speakers include Anne Twomey, John Uhr, Senator George Brandis, Andrew Lynch, Arthur Glass and George Williams.

Research report

28 Feb 2005

The objective of the federal government's assistance to the private health insurance industry was to make private health insurance both more affordable and attractive for younger members. Yet, as Richard Denniss shows, there is now a steady flow of younger members out of private health...

Commentary

Article

24 Feb 2005

Diversity and a generous welfare system don’t necessarily mix, says Andrew Leigh. So the case for redistribution needs to be argued frequently and forcefully

WHY do some countries look after the poor better than others? Why is America more unequal than Europe, and less...

Research report

7 Mar 2005

During the period 1949 to 2004, there have been 23 general elections for the House of Representatives and 22 Senate elections. Gerard Newman provides a summary of each election, together with tables summarising the results in each state and territory. A brief commentary on each...

Research report

25 Feb 2005

This report describes the characteristics and activity of Australia's mental health services including ambulatory and residential mental health-related care provided by hospitals, community-based services, general practitioners, private psychiatrists and some disability support services. Information on the broad trends in mental health care is presented in...

Research report

25 Feb 2005

This bulletin provides a summary of the risk factor profile of Australian adults - focusing on risk factors for cardiovascular disease - both individually and in combination. The nine risk factors examined are smoking, low physical activity, low fruit consumption, low vegetable consumption, risky alcohol...

Research report

24 Feb 2005

Using data from the Children and Family Life study, Sarah Wise and Ben Edwards compare 921 children aged 5-13 years living with either a separated parent in a single-parent family, a separated parent in a step/blended family, or both natural parents, on a measure of...

Research report

24 Feb 2005

This is the background paper by Stephen Ziguras, Mark Considine, Linda Hancock and Brian Howe for this week's conference, From Risk to Opportunity: Labour Markets in Transition , which is part of a project exploring new institutional arrangements in the area of social policy to...

Research report

24 Feb 2005

Although developmental theory suggests that multiple and changeable child care may not be a most advantageous child care experience, little research has been conducted to examine their effects on child outcomes. Sarah Wise, Ben Edwards, Jennifer Bowes, Ann Sanson, Judy Ungerer, Linda Harrison and Tracey...

Commentary

Article

22 Feb 2005

The Commonwealth can achieve 85 per cent industrial coverage, says George Williams, and that could be enough to finish the state systems

THE FEDERAL government has long flirted with the idea of a national industrial relations scheme. Peter Reith, as the Minister for Workplace...

Research report

23 Feb 2005

In the lead-up to Western Australia's state election on 26 February, Peter van Onselen examines questions regarding the state's electoral process. Issues addressed include malapportionment, prisoner voting, public funding and media coverage.

Commentary

Article

22 Feb 2005

Pressure on interest rates has little to do with industrial relations, argues Richard Denniss

FACED with recent indications from the Reserve Bank that interest rates are about to rise, the federal government is looking around for someone to blame, with the most likely culprits...

Research report

23 Feb 2005

This is the sixth national monitoring report for the BreastScreen Australia Program, presenting statistics on BreastScreen Australia screening activity and outcomes for 2001-02. A reporting interval of two years is used because it corresponds with the recommended interval between screens for asymptomatic women in the...

Research report

22 Feb 2005

The text of Larissa Behrendt's Rerum Novarum Social Justice Lecture 2004, in which she contrasts the federal government's indigenous policies with a more ambitious vision of reconciliation that resolves the unfinished business between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australia.

Research report

22 Feb 2005

Andrew Lynch and George Williams present basic information about the High Court's decision-making for 2004 at both an institutional and individual level, with an emphasis on constitutional cases as a subset of the total.

Research report

22 Feb 2005

Many disappointed supporters of Mark Latham and John Kerry will be waiting for their next chance at the ballot box. But would the world be different if elections in 2004 had gone the other way? Maybe not, Brian Martin and Lyn Carson suggest, so here...

Research report

22 Feb 2005

Stephen Bell's new book, Australia's Money Mandarins, provides valuable insight into the way key policy makers think and the important role that the RBA has come to play in macroeconomic policy making. Perhaps more voters should have read it during the federal election campaign in...

Research report

17 Feb 2005

This discussion paper draws on papers prepared by the institute to inform the deliberations of the International Climate Change Taskforce, a collaboration between the institute and two other think tanks, the Institute for Public Policy Research and the Center for American Progress. For the post-2012...

Commentary

Article

17 Feb 2005

Mamdouh Habib should be allowed to earn a living, argues Joo-Cheong Tham

EARLY last year, a bill was tabled in federal parliament proposing various changes to the proceeds of crime laws. The effect of these complex changes was that individuals who had engaged in...

Research report

17 Feb 2005

About two thirds of Australian teenagers aged 14-17 years drink alcohol and one in five of these teenagers drinks at least weekly. Consumption of alcohol by teenagers is associated with a range of adverse health outcomes, particularly injury. Tanya Chikritzhs, Richard Pascal and Paul Jones...

Research report

17 Feb 2005

The vast majority of international scientists and peer-reviewed reports affirm that climate change is a serious and growing threat. To develop propisals as to how to move forward, the International Climate Change Taskforce was established by three leading think tanks - the Institute for Public...

Research report

17 Feb 2005

Tanya Chikritzhs and Richard Pascal document trends in harms due to risky and high risk drinking for young people across Australia. They report annual rates for males and females aged between15 and 24 years for all states and territories have been presented, as well as...

Research report

16 Feb 2005

The intense debate over the war in Iraq and American foreign policy has raised age-old questions about the rights and wrongs of intervention in the internal affairs of sovereign states, the pre-emptive use of force and the 'export' of democracy, but there has been little...

Research report

16 Feb 2005

This research brief, updated for the 2004-05 financial year, and now including additional material on co-contributions, self managed superannuation funds and the social security assessment of superannuation, is designed to provide readers with a 'ready reckoner' - a simple, easy to use summary of superannuation...

Research report

16 Feb 2005

Much of the recent debate on abortion in Australia has focused on the question of how many abortions take place in Australia each year. Angela Pratt, Amanda Biggs and Luke Buckmaster discuss the existing statistics on abortion in Australia, their limitations for accurately quantifying how...

Research report

16 Feb 2005

Commonwealth and state governments spend very large amounts of money on housing assistance. The housing or shelter impacts of these interventions are reasonably well understood. But, given the capacity of housing to affect many other elements of people's lives, what are the non-shelter outcomes of...

Research report

16 Feb 2005

The Life Chances Study commenced in 1990 as a longitudinal study of 167 children born in Melbourne that year, to explore a wide range of factors which influence their life chances including family income, health, family relationships, social supports and ethnic background. A paper presented...

Research report

16 Feb 2005

Many of the arguments used to justify the crackdown on disability pensions are false or misleading, argues ACOSS. This report shows that it is not easy to get the DSP, and that the doubling of the number of DSP recipients over the past 15 years...

Research report

16 Feb 2005

The trial of the accused terrorist, Australian David Hicks, is due to start before a United States Military Commission in March 2005. Angus Martyn provides a brief factual background on the Military Commissions and summarises the key developments to date in the pre-trial proceedings.

Commentary

Article

14 Feb 2005

The United States should let the International Criminal Court start work on Sudan, says Steven Freeland

LATE LAST MONTH a United Nations Commission of Inquiry reported its findings on the situation in Darfur, Sudan. The Commission, comprised of a highly regarded former judge and...

Research report

14 Feb 2005

With the coming into effect of the Kyoto protocol, the use of nuclear power to reduce greenhouse gas emissions has taken greater prominence in debate. In this context, Australia's large resources of uranium will become more important. Greg Baker examines the issues of Australia's uranium...

Research report

14 Feb 2005

In this research brief Thomas John provides an overview of the last 15 years of developments in whistleblower legislation in Australia and looks at some of the legal issues surrounding the topic.

Commentary

Article

13 Feb 2005

The monarchy is changing, which raises again the question of whether it’s needed in Australia, argues George Williams .

MOST PEOPLE do not need to consult a constitutional lawyer when they decide to marry. For Charles and Camilla, the situation is different. Their decision...

Research report

11 Feb 2005

In this paper for the 2004 Australian Institute of Family Studies conference Matthew Toohey examines how effective Child Care Benefit is at improving the returns to work for women with young children. He compares the effectiveness of Child Care Benefit for lone and partnered mothers...

Research report

11 Feb 2005

Women's employment is often disrupted to some extent by childbearing, with women taking time out of the labour force to care for young children, and often returning to work part-time to better manage the competing priorities of work and family.

In this paper for...

Research report

11 Feb 2005

In this paper for the 2004 Australian Institute of Family Studies conference Fiona Andrews and Hal Swerissen explore the preferences and experiences of women with different work/family arrangements in managing their children's healthcare. She finds that all women, irrespective of their working arrangements, held similar...

Research report

11 Feb 2005

This bulletin provides an overview of assistance given to people with a disability by the Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP), the major response by the Australian Government and state and territory governments to resolve and prevent homelessness. In this report the SAAP 'disability' client group...

Research report

11 Feb 2005

In this paper for the 2004 Australian Institute of Family Studies conference Justine McNamara, Rachel Lloyd, Matthew Toohey and Ann Harding profile the situation of Australia's most economically disadvantaged children from the late 1990s until 2004.

They show that average real incomes rose for...

Research report

11 Feb 2005

Sixty-one mothers from Victoria and South Australia took part in in-depth interviews about work and child care arrangements. In this paper for the 2004 Australian Institute of Family Studies conference Kelly Hand explores mother's reasons for using child care or caring for their children at...

Other text

10 Feb 2005

A YEAR AGO this week, Australian trade negotiators in Washington were in the final frantic stages of trying to stitch together a free trade agreement with the United States.

Throughout the year-long negotiation, the Howard government had stressed the importance of getting a good...

Research report

10 Feb 2005

Research shows that young people who come to the attention of criminal justice agencies have multiple problems and experience high levels of need across all areas of functioning. Correctional agencies are increasingly influenced by the 'what works' model of rehabilitation. Andrew Day, Kevin Howells and...

Research report

9 Feb 2005

Jon Altman and Mike Dillon explore the role of government as risk manager for commercial development and resource management on Indigenous land, and outline the principles that must underpin any intervention program.

They propose a new investment scheme to assist development and natural resource...

Discussion paper

9 Feb 2005

Nic Biddle, Boyd Hunter, and Jerry Schwab examine the distribution of Indigenous education participation across Australia, and present the most important factors explaining these rates.

Research report

9 Feb 2005

Will Sanders examines elections for the 18 local governments in the Torres Strait in both 2000 and 2004, focusing on changes in political leadership and a possible emerging change in political style in Torres Strait.

Research report

9 Feb 2005

Australia has 21 per cent of the world's poker machines. Maggie Brady documents the first successful Aboriginal use of regulation in order to prevent the installation of pokies in South Australia in 1998, and discusses how the Productivity Commission inquiry into Australia's gambling industries dealt...

Working paper

9 Feb 2005

This working paper consists of two documents by Jeff Richardson. The first is a submission to the Productivity Commission inquiry on the implications of an ageing Australia. The second is a research note, 'Why Ageing is Unlikely to be a Problem for the Health Sector',...

Research report

9 Feb 2005

Significant changes are being made to Indigenous affairs at national and regional levels, with the potential for dramatic realignments in inter-governmental relations and the funding of service delivery. Diane Smith identifies challenges facing Indigenous people and governments in reshaping Indigenous governance in the Territory, and...

Research report

7 Feb 2005

In this edition, on the Lure of Fundamentalism, Canberra writer Chas Savage traces the complicity of the Australian government in the detention of David Hicks and Mamdouh Habib. Savage argues that this even since Habib was released there is a clear warning to Australians -...

Research report

7 Feb 2005

In Australia terms have traditionally been for three years, but in recent decades these have been extended to four years in most parliaments. Some parliaments have adopted or are considering fixed terms, and this paper assesses the arguments for and against.

Research report

8 Feb 2005

Australia's political parties proved they were not too set in their ways to learn a few new tricks - or at least a few new campaign techniques - for the 2004 federal election on 9 October 2004. With opinion polls predicting a tight race and...

Research report

4 Feb 2005

Vocational education and training (VET) programs for young people in Australia have significantly expanded over the past decade. This publication provides an overview of research into the VET options available to school-aged people. It also details the emerging social benefits and outcomes of undertaking recognised...

Research report

4 Feb 2005

Innovation, from high profile scientific discoveries to lower profile changes in processes or practices, is crucial to Australia's economic development. However, its impact on the wider community is usually relatively small. Promotion of innovation across all sectors is required to produce the biggest changes. Richard...

Research report

4 Feb 2005

Fraud is a significant component of female offending, and examining the dynamics underlying serious fraud is important if we are to understand the broader issues of gender difference in patterns of offending and imprisonment.

Janice Goldstraw, Russell G. Smith and Yuka Sakurai demonstrate that,...

Research report

4 Feb 2005

Except for a short period in 2004, the value of the Australian dollar has been rising steadily against the United States dollar for several years.

In this research brief - a revision of Research Note 9 of 2000-01 - Greg Baker and Stephen Barber...

Research report

4 Feb 2005

In this research brief Scott Bennett analyses the 55th US presidential election held on 2 November 2004. This report includes a brief examination of key voting groups and post-election challenges to the result.

Research report

8 Feb 2005

Voice over Internet Protocol has the potential to enable cheaper long distance and international telephone voice calls than the normal public switched telephone network, but not without some upfront costs and technicalities.

Matthew L. James looks at the technical and regulatory issues associated with...

Research report

4 Feb 2005

Financing vocational education and training, as part of Australia's commitment to lifelong learning, will become a greater challenge as increased spending on other public services, such as health and welfare caused by an ageing population, constrains government education expenditure.

Sandra Haukka, Stephen Lamb and...

Research report

2 Feb 2005

Many of the presentations from this November 2004 conference are now available online. Featuring perspectives from education, law, publishing and IT, this two-day conference covered business models for publishing, IT and licensing; the copyrights continuum; analysis of licences for 'open source' or 'free' software, and...

Research report

2 Feb 2005

Many organisations do not have an adequate policy for managing digital archives. Their existing document management policy may not cover digital documents, nor recognise challenges thrown up by a chaotic hybrid document environment. In this paper Julian Gillespie, Patrick Fair, Adrian Lawrence and David Vaile...

Research report

2 Feb 2005

It is often assumed that elections in nations with long-standing democratic processes, such as Australia, Canada, Britain and the US, are 'free and fair'. Bryan Mercurio and George Williams examine whether the Australian electoral system fits this description, with the primary focus on the federal...

Research report

2 Feb 2005

Caspar Conde criticises the way governments are increasingly legislating and regulating with a view to minimising all risks, no matter how small. It seems that whenever there is a problem, the government assumes that it has a duty to solve it. But even when it...

Research report

2 Feb 2005

Although working parents are obliged to use non-parental childcare, this does not reduce their parental childcare time on an hour-for-hour basis. How do parents continue to be engaged in direct care of their own children while also committing significant time to the labour...