March 2005

Journal article

31 Mar 2005

Since 1995 Australian health insurers have been able to purchase health services pro-actively through negotiating contracts with hospitals, but little is known about their experience of purchasing. Sharon Willcox examines the current status of purchasing through interviews with senior managers representing all Australian private health...

Journal article

31 Mar 2005

In Australia, compared with other developed countries, the many and varied programs which comprise public health have continued to be funded poorly and unsystematically, particularly given the amount of publicly voiced political support. Vivian Lin and Priscilla Robinson review new initiatives during this two-year period...

Research report

31 Mar 2005

This document contains a series of charts on income distribution, taxation and welfare payments from Ann Harding's presentation to the conference on Sustaining Prosperity: New Reform Opportunities for Australia on 31 March 2005.

Research report

31 Mar 2005

In this research brief Peter Prince discusses legal issues arising from the mistaken detention of Cornelia Rau, an Australian permanent resident, under the Commonwealth Migration Act for some 10 months between the end of March 2004 and early February 2005.

Discussion paper

30 Mar 2005

Using census data Peter Siminski, Jenny Chalmers and Marilyn McHugh find that foster carers are most likely to be women aged 35-54 years who are not in the labour force. Of the various family types (adjusted for age), couples with birth children are least likely...

Research report

30 Mar 2005

This major research project aims to go beyond predictable exhortations for business to 'clean up its act' and embrace sustainable development practices. Suzy Goldsmith and Danny Samson examined leading companies of all sizes across a range of industries to try to better understand the connection...

Research report

30 Mar 2005

Sustainability is becoming more important to the general policy discourse on protecting the environment. But despite government adopting a National Strategy for Ecologically Sustainable Development some twelve years ago, Australia's performance on crucial items such as emissions of carbon dioxide equivalents remains poor. Arguably, say...

Research report

29 Mar 2005

The new republicanism seems a much more attractive model than neo-liberalism, especially for lefties in search of a home after the failure of certain Gods. All that is required, it appears, is more democracy in more places so that individuals feel that their state belongs...

Research report

24 Mar 2005

Peter McDonald and Rebecca Kippen demonstrate how the tax-free threshold could be increased over a decade to well above the single adult rate of the Newstart Allowance and the gap between the company tax rate and average personal income tax rates reduced to less than...

Research report

24 Mar 2005

This report presents summary results from the 2004 survey, which includes questions on both influenza and, for the first time, pneumococcal vaccination. The influenza questions are part of the review of the National Influenza Vaccine Program for Older Australians (aged 65 years or older). The...

Research report

24 Mar 2005

The Commonwealth Education Minister, Brendan Nelson, has suggested that the federal government assume full legal responsibility for universities. Andrew Norton argues that transferring power over universities from the states to the Commonwealth would be a mistake. Centralising decisionmaking in Canberra would put key decisions in...

Commentary

Article

24 Mar 2005

The Secretary General has resisted United States pressure, but will Australia, asks John Langmore

ON 21 MARCH Kofi Annan presented his proposals for immediate UN reform to the General Assembly in a report entitled In Larger Freedom: Towards Development, Security and Human Rights for...

Research report

22 Mar 2005

Reforms to Australia's vocational education and training sector have had a significant impact on practitioners' work in public and private providers. Roger Harris, Michele Simons, Berwyn Clayton analyse practitioners' perceptions of, and reactions to, the changes. The scope of these changes has been substantial and...

Research report

22 Mar 2005

If government programs aimed at reducing waste are to achieve their stated goal then they cannot continue to avoid the nexus between growing waste generation and rising consumption expenditure, argue Clive Hamilton, Richard Denniss and David Baker. Although highlighting the need to reduce and reuse...

Research report

20 Mar 2005

Proportional representation was first used in 1840 for the Municipal Corporation of Adelaide election (the first municipality established in Australia). South Australia was the first colony to give women the vote in local government elections, in 1861. The first woman elected to local government in...

Research report

20 Mar 2005

In recent years, there has been debate and criticism over the influence that non-government organisations may have on public policy decisions. Bronwen Dalton and Mark Lyons assess the roles of NGOs, looking both at their external impacts through public participation and involvement in policy processes,...

Briefing paper

18 Mar 2005

Child maltreatment is associated with a wide range of immediate and long-term negative outcomes. This resource sheet briefly outlines the potential psychological and physical problems associated with child maltreatment.

Research report

14 Jan 2004

Available national statistics and research are used to briefly outline what is known about child abuse in Indigenous communities and its causes.

Research report

18 Mar 2005

Using detailed survey material, Richard Denniss concludes that the federal government's reliance on private health insurance as a tool of public policy is delivering a disproportionate benefit to high-income earners and those who reside in high-income households. And as private health insurance premiums continue to...

Commentary

Article

18 Mar 2005

The estimates committees will become even more important after 1 July, according to Stephen Bartos, but they are already under pressure

IF WE EVER needed confirmation of the importance of the Senate estimates hearings, it came in the parliament last month. On 15 February...

Commentary

Article

18 Mar 2005

IT HAS NOW been two years since the US invasion of Iraq that brought about the downfall of Saddam Hussein and his regime. Not surprisingly, its wider strategic effects still are being felt today, both politically at a global and regional level and militarily on...

Research report

18 Mar 2005

In response to broad enquiry from sexual assault services around Australia, in this paper Liz Olle looks at the range of formal health sector protocols that currently exist to guide service responses to victim/survivors of sexual assault, throughout Australia's different states and territories. The specific...

Research report

18 Mar 2005

This is the eighth annual report on the Supported Accommodation Assistance Program National Data Collection. SAAP provides transitional supported accommodation and related support services to help homeless people - including women and children escaping domestic violence - achieve the maximum possible degree of self-reliance and...

Conference paper

17 Mar 2005

In this paper from the Transitions and Risk: New Directions in Social Policy conference, Megan O'Connell explores the role of training interventions in preventing the labour market exclusion of older workers. She examines the Finnish work-ability project, Swedish individual learning accounts and British skills shortages...

Research report

17 Mar 2005

Research on youth employment from an employer's perspective has focused on what employers want young people to have, with the Employability Skills Framework developed to identify personal attributes, skills and abilities that contribute to the overall employability of a young person. The Employing Young Workers...

Research report

17 Mar 2005

In this paper from the Transitions and Risk: New Directions in Social Policy conference, Roslyn Russell describes a pilot program developed by ANZ Bank and the BSL, aimed at assisting families on low-income to reach a savings goal - saving for their child's education -...

Conference paper

17 Mar 2005

In this paper from the Transitions and Risk: New Directions in Social Policy conference, Sharon Parkinson reports on current research investigating the ways in which precarious attachment to the labour market contributes to housing insecurity. This study draws on the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics...

Research report

17 Mar 2005

Lyn Craig compares the impact of children on adult time-use in four countries (Australia, Italy, Norway and Germany) with different approaches to economic, social and family organisation. Of the sample, 'familialistic' Italy has the most inequitable division of labour for childless men and women, and...

Research report

17 Mar 2005

Social capital is a contentious and multifaceted topic. A broad consensus has been reached, however, that norms such as trust, networks of association membership, and practices of volunteering and socialising are essential to its makeup. It is also increasingly recognised that such elements fall into...

Research report

17 Mar 2005

Over the last two decades the number and size of medical indemnity claims has soared, cover type has been restricted, premiums have become risk-rated and there has been a move from an unregulated system of mutual organisations offering discretionary cover to a regulated insurance market...

Research report

23 Feb 2005

Inaugural lecture in the ANZSOG-ANU Public Lecture series, The Shine Dome, Academy of Science, Canberra, 23 February 2005.

Rod Rhodes discusses whether Westminster is past its sell-buy date. Everyone agrees that Australia and Britain are changing - but from what to what? This lecture...

Research report

16 Mar 2005

In this paper from the Transitions and Risk: New Directions in Social Policy conference, JaneMaree Maher and Jo Lindsay argue that employed mothers may be best characterised as working in 'permanent' transitional labour markets. They suggest that women may be constructing new and flexible models...

Research report

16 Mar 2005

This paper argues that poor quality part-time work may exacerbate problems of work and family imbalance rather than contribute to their solution. Drawing on preliminary results from a research project currently underway at CASR, they introduce several dimensions that are important in any assessment of...

Research report

16 Mar 2005

The casualisation of the workplace and workforce, historically associated with varieties of cottage industry, is enlarging its effects to include professional service providers. Jeff Keddie looks at what we can learn from the experience of other technological revolutions so as to manage social and personal...

Research report

16 Mar 2005

The Transitions and Risk: New Directions in Social Policy conference considered how the idea of transitional labour markets can be applied to the Australian situation in which lifecourse choices are made as people move from education to work, between employment and caring, between different labour...

Research report

16 Mar 2005

OECD studies consistently indicate that failure to make an effective transition to permanent work or to full-time study is associated with long term risks of marginalisation, helping to trap people in a cycle of unemployment, part-time work and government schemes. The National Youth Commitment is...

Research report

14 Mar 2005

The first part of this election brief by Scott Bennett is partly a journal of record, partly a discussion of the campaign, and partly a discussion of the outcome. An appendix lists departing Members of the House of Representatives and Senators, together with their replacements....

Research report

14 Mar 2005

Senators and members receive an annual allowance by way of basic salary - $106,770 from 1 July 2004. Leanne Manthorpe explains the legislative basis and the fixing and linking mechanisms for the allowance. Adjustments to the annual allowance since 1984 are provided.

Research report

14 Mar 2005

For China, a recurring issue affecting bilateral trade relations is Australia's anti-dumping rules. Over the last decade, imports from China have been subject to more anti-dumping action than those from any major industrialised or developing country. Michael Priestley examines Australia's anti-dumping rules as they apply...

Research report

14 Mar 2005

In 2004, several major Australian companies announced their decision to 'offshore' Australian jobs to India in an effort to cut costs. Telstra, for example, announced plans to move as many as 850 jobs to Indian software providers, and already spends up to $150 million a...

Research report

11 Mar 2005

This, the third biennial report on vaccine preventable diseases and vaccine coverage in Australia, brings together the four most important national sources of routinely collected data about vaccine preventable diseases and vaccinations (deaths, notifications, hospitalisations and vaccination coverage) for all age groups between 2001 and...

Research report

14 Mar 2005

The advent of the internet and mobile phones have made communication easier and quicker, but the change is not necessarily for the best. This is illustrated, among other things, by recent media reports about the misuse of mobile phones, particularly camera phones (or 'phonecams'). In...

Research report

10 Mar 2005

This compendium of the most recently available national information on crime in Australia covers different types of recorded crimes, their place of occurrence, victim details, responses of criminal justice agencies, and government resources directed to deal with crime. Crime rates for all offences except sexual...

Commentary

Article

9 Mar 2005

Immigration Minister Amanda Vanstone is considering a seasonal workers visa for foreign workers to pick Australian fruit. Peter Mares says we should learn from Canada’s experience.

IT SEEMS logical to bring in temporary workers from the Asia Pacific region to plug the seasonal gaps...

Research report

10 Mar 2005

While the online retailing environment has provided businesses with an unparalleled opportunity to expand and improve their profits, it has also increased the vulnerability of businesses to online credit card fraud. Kate Charlton and Natalie Taylor present findings of an empirical study of the risks...

Research report

10 Mar 2005

The Australian Institute of Criminology was commissioned by NSW Police to undertake a pilot study to monitor injuries in police custody. The objective was to assess the system in terms of its ability to measure the nature and extent of injuries occurring during the custody...

Research report

9 Mar 2005

Since the earliest days of white settlement, Australia has benefited extensively from foreign investment, often helping to sustain vigorous growth rates and an enviable standard of living. But foreign investment in assets perceived to be of significant national strategic, economic, social or cultural value still...

Research report

9 Mar 2005

Vocational education and training provides a broad range of benefits, according to the initial findings of a recent nationwide survey of Indigenous Australians who undertook training in 2003. High numbers of students reported that training helped to improve their confidence/self-esteem and become more involved in...

Research report

9 Mar 2005

Dennis O'Brien argues that Australia's FOI laws need to be reviewed and updated. He says that the conclusive certificate provision for internal working documents should be removed, FOI best practice adopted, and fees and charges reviewed.

Research report

9 Mar 2005

There is currently a growing policy interest in the effects of the regulatory environment on the ability of Indigenous people to undertake customary harvesting of wild resources. Matthew Gray, Jon Altman and Natane Halasz have developed a methodology to estimate the economic benefits derived from...

Research report

9 Mar 2005

The number of people undertaking a traditional apprenticeship in the trades is at its highest level since 1992. In the 12 months to September 2004, the number of traditional apprentices in-training was 132,000 and the number of people commencing a traditional apprenticeship rose strongly by...

Research report

9 Mar 2005

0n 5 January 2005, Prime Minister Howard announced a $1 billion contribution to a newly formed Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Reconstruction and Development. These funds would be in addition to Australia's existing development cooperation program and would 'bring Australia's commitment to Indonesia to a total of...

Research report

7 Mar 2005

Despite improvements in the health of Australians over the last century, large mortality inequalities continue to exist between population sub-groups. This report is a statistical reference source that documents mortality inequalities by sex, geographic region, area socioeconomic disadvantage, occupation and country of birth. The report...

Research report

7 Mar 2005

The ageing of Australia's population has been particularly apparent since the 1960s and is attributed to falling mortality and fertility rates combined with the effect of a baby boom generation as it moves into the older age brackets. For similar reasons the workforce has also...

Research report

7 Mar 2005

Rachel Lloyd, Ann Harding and Neil Warren examine the distribution of household income, and of selected taxes and benefits in Australia, for households at different stages of the lifecycle in 2001-02. Their overall finding is that there is substantial redistribution from younger households without children...

Research report

7 Mar 2005

Relatively little research has been conducted into child care affordability and availability, leaving a gap in information for public debate and decision making. Rebecca Cassells, Justine McNamara, Rachel Lloyd and Ann Harding aim to lessen this gap by analysing self-reported problems with child care affordability...

Research report

3 Mar 2005

Under this CSHA a new national performance indicator framework was developed for the public rental housing, state owned and managed Indigenous housing and community housing data collections. This document examines the outcome and descriptor data items collected in the 2003-04 private rent assistance data collection....

Research report

3 Mar 2005

The 2003 CSHA aims to provide appropriate, affordable and secure housing assistance for those who need it, for the duration of their need. This document examines the outcome and descriptor data items collected in the 2003-04 home purchase assistance data collection.

Commentary

Article

3 Mar 2005

Judges are far from being a pampered lot, argues Sebastian De Brennan

THE ‘outrageous luxury’ of senior Australian judges receiving holidays of up to seven weeks has been much commented on recently. The NSW Opposition legal affairs spokesman, Andrew Tink, is among those who...

Research report

3 Mar 2005

The 2003 CSHA aims to provide appropriate, affordable and secure housing assistance for those who most need it, for the duration of their need. Under this CSHA, a new national performance indicator framework was developed. This document reports on the summary and performance indicator data...

Research report

3 Mar 2005

On 1 January this year, the Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement came into force. Governments on both sides of the Pacific are rejoicing in glittering gains for their domestic producers; meanwhile, economists have come up with dramatically divergent models of the FTA's economic benefit. Two...

Research report

3 Mar 2005

Compiled by the ACQOL, the Australian Unity Wellbeing Index monitors the subjective well-being of the Australian population. Each survey involves a telephone interview with a new sample of 2000 Australians, selected to represent the national population geographic distribution, and measures people's satisfaction with their own...

Research report

3 Mar 2005

Australian governments engaged in a major reform program in the 1990s, culminating in the formation of the National Electricity Market (NEM) which commenced operation on 13 December 1998. Today, the NEM supplies electricity to 7.7 million Australian customers on an interconnected national grid that runs...

Research report

3 Mar 2005

There are real differences in the degree and character of nationhood in, for example, the corporatist cohesion of Singapore, the authoritarian stalemate of Burma, and the 'post-authoritarian' instabilities of Indonesia. David Brown examines different manifestations of national identity and agues that it is not a...

Commentary

Article

3 Mar 2005

John Howard has turned out to be as much a centralist as Gough Whitlam, according to Kenneth Wiltshire

DURING the life of the Howard governments, one of the most remarkable transformations in the history of Australian politics has occurred. The Liberal Party, once the...