April 2005

Report

29 Apr 2005

This report provides an overview of total health system expenditures on disease and injury in Australia during 2000-01, based on the best possible estimates from currently available data sources. To maximise the validity of comparison between diseases, similar methods are used in estimating each disease....

Report

28 Apr 2005

Jude McCulloch and Darren Palmer investigate common law actions in tort in Australia brought by citizens against police and police organisations. This report represents one of the first attempts to describe, understand and analyse the nature and extent of civil litigation against police in Australia....

Report

28 Apr 2005

All refugees face barriers when resettling in Australia. But research shows that the process of resettlement is particularly arduous for refugees on Temporary Protection Visas (TPVs) and asylum seekers due to the temporary and restrictive nature of their visa status. Louise Humpage proposes a framework...

Report

28 Apr 2005

Andrew Passey provides an overview of the NSW co-operative sector in 2002-03, including data and information on the sector's financial and human resources, patterns by trading status and by location, and data on foreign and interstate cooperatives and some detailed financial statistics. He also provides...

Report

28 Apr 2005

Phil Day outlines a proposal to collect taxes on increases in property values deriving from the 'betterment' brought about by government decisions, and applying these funds to public policy expenditure.

Report

28 Apr 2005

The DUMA project operates at seven sites throughout Australia and provides an indicator of drug-related crime within a specific area. DUMA identifies changes in drug use within a relatively short time span, as well as monitoring trends over a longer time period. In this report...

Report

28 Apr 2005

Valerie Braithwaite, Monika Reinhart and Jenny Job examine economic transactions in which individuals pay others or are paid by others in cash for work that has been done, and where the understanding is that tax is not paid on the earned income. These are activities...

Report

28 Apr 2005

Why taxpayers pay their taxes voluntarily is an important question for tax administrations worldwide. Some believe it is because taxpayers are deterred from tax evasion out of a fear of being caught or penalised. Others, suggest that factors such as the level of 'tax morale'...

Report

28 Apr 2005

Michael Wenzel investigated whether tax ethics and social norms constitute true motivations for tax compliance, or whether they are mere rationalisations of self-interested behaviour. Data from a survey of 1161 Australians provides evidence for a complex role of individual ethics and social norms in taxpaying...

Report

20 Apr 2005

In this report the Victorian Parliament's Drugs and Crime Prevention Committee concludes that road violence is not caused by any single factor. Rather, an act of road violence is the result of the complex interplay of a number of factors. In the Committee's view, road...

Report

28 Apr 2005

The International Crime Victimisation Survey (ICVS) is a project involving approximately 60 countries, which interviews people about their experiences and perceptions of crime and the criminal justice system. Results provide a picture of the risk factors associated with personal and household crime, the level of...

Commentary

Article

26 Apr 2005

In the end, Joh was the agent of his own political destruction, writes Brian Costar

IT IS LIKELY that history will pass harsh judgement on the recently departed Sir Johannes Bjelke-Petersen (1911-2005), but it is certain that he won’t be ignored. In life he...

Commentary

Article

26 Apr 2005

Geoffrey Barker recalls a short, eventful audience with the Queensland premier

JOH BJELKE-PETERSEN was sitting in his office chair flailing his arms around his head and twitching his legs in a sort of mad seated tap-dance. ‘I can fly a helicopter,’ he exulted. ‘This...

Report

14 Apr 2005

This report contains the findings of the Productivity Commission's public inquiry into national competition policy. Released with the report was the supplement, Modelling Impacts of Infrastructure Industry Change over the 1990s.

Released 14 April 2005

Report

26 Apr 2005

This report, prepared for the New South Wales Cabinet Office, presents empirical evidence of the use of coordinated and integrated approaches to human service delivery in Australia, particularly in New South Wales, and overseas. Michael Fine, Kuru Pancharatnam and Cathy Thomson focus on the evidence...

Report

26 Apr 2005

Bill Mitchell and Warren Mosler map out the major building blocks of a modern macroeconomics and apply it to the debates about social security privatisation in the US and the intergenerational budget stress in Australia. The major positions being pushed by the respective federal governments...

Report

21 Apr 2005

Improving energy efficiency can have sound environmental benefits, according to this draft report released by the Productivity Commission. The potential for energy efficiency measures to save money for producers and consumers appears to be more modest.

Released 21 April 2005

Report

26 Apr 2005

Martin Watts and Bill Mitchell provide a review of wage developments in Australia in the past year including detailed examination of the Safety Net case, the significant child care wage variations and some insight into executive pay, the family provisions test case and more.

Report

19 Apr 2005

Progress report on the Productivity Commission's study of the impact of advances in medical technology on public and private healthcare expenditure, and the associated costs and benefits for the Australian community.

The commission found that in many cases, higher spending on new medical technologies...

Report

15 Nov 2005

Judith Gill and Robert Crotty find that leaders of SA primary schools are working hard to make their schools a more inclusive place for all students and their families. But their goodwill and hard work cannot solve all of the problems. This report, commissioned by...

Discussion paper

21 Apr 2005

Monique Keel, Lara Fergus and Melanie Heenan identify debates and themes addressed at the Home Truths: Stop Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence conference, highlights how participants responded to new ideas and challenges, and draws attention to the areas that were considered the next steps for...

Report

21 Apr 2005

Patterns of accountability in Westminster systems of government are changing to reflect the diversification of government responsibilities through privatisation, contracting out, public-private agreements, and the creation of partnerships across and beyond government departments and agencies. While ministerial responsibility remains a dominant feature of the accountability...

Report

21 Apr 2005

This paper provides details and the results of an evaluation study carried out on the largest residential demand management program in Australia, the Sydney Water Corporation's 'Every Drop Counts' residential retrofit program.

The evaluation measured the water savings of program participants and compared them...

Report

21 Apr 2005

This paper provides details of a preliminary least cost planning assessment carried out for Canberra, as part of the development of a fifty-year Water Resources Strategy. In the assessment a suite of options consisting of demand management, source substitution, reuse and supply were developed to...

Report

21 Apr 2005

Deborah Tranter examines the influence of school culture on the higher education aspirations of secondary students in one of the most socioeconomically and educationally disadvantaged regions in Australia: the outer northern suburbs of Adelaide. Using a case study approach, it investigates the attitudes towards higher...

Report

21 Apr 2005

Current transport planning methods do not deliver accessibility in a sustainable way - a phenomenon illustrated by the dominance of road construction as a means to provide access in cities. Sally Campbell and Stuart White propose a comprehensive evaluation methodology for investment decisions aimed at...

Report

21 Apr 2005

Chris Dent and Andrew T. Kenyon report on a comparative content analysis of more than 1400 Australian and US newspaper articles. The study suggests that in the US - where defamation plaintiffs face much heavier burdens than under Australian law - defamatory allegations are made...

Report

21 Apr 2005

The report consists of findings from two separate studies. The first part includes findings from the Northern Rivers regional arm of the Side Effects and Lipodystrophy Project, a qualitative project instigated in 2002 to explore how people with HIV experience and negotiate adverse effects of...

Report

19 Apr 2005

Proposed changes to the Disability Support Pension would increase hardship for 120,000 people with disabilities, according to this report, without significantly reducing the number of people on social security. The report expresses support for the government's goal of increasing workforce participation for people with disabilities,...

Report

19 Apr 2005

Young people who leave school early, without alternative career paths, are more likely to suffer from unemployment, low income and poor working conditions. PACTS (Parents As Career Transition Support) is been established by the Brotherhood to give parents the knowledge to assist and support their...

Report

19 Apr 2005

OECD studies consistently indicate that failure to make an effective transition to permanent work or to full-time study is associated with long term risks of marginalisation, helping to trap people in a cycle of unemployment, part-time work and government schemes. The National Youth Commitment is...

Report

19 Apr 2005

The threat of maritime terrorism has led to fundamental changes in the international maritime security environment. This report identifies where gaps exist in current arrangements and includes recommendations to improve coordination between agencies and to develop the national capacity to manage maritime security in the...

Journal article

19 Apr 2005

Australia has made an impressive start to nationally implementing routine outcome measurement in mental health services, although it still has a long way to go, according to Jane Pirkis, Philip Burgess, Tim Coombs, Adam Clarke, David Jones-Ellis and Rosemary Dickson. All states/territories have established data...

Commentary

Article

14 Apr 2005

Better to fix Telstra’s problems now, not later, argues John Quiggin

THE DEBATE on the privatisation of Telstra points up the near-complete failure of telecommunications policy in Australia over more than a decade.

The first proposals for privatisation were made in the early...

Report

15 Apr 2005

Adrian Beavis, David Curtis and Niola Curtis investigated the educational and occupational plans of junior secondary students, surveying 3271 financially disadvantaged students in years 8 and 9 who are part of the Smith Family's Learning for Life Program. They found that more than a third...

Commentary

Article

15 Apr 2005

TO PUSH forward its radical welfare reform agenda the federal government is using familiar political fuel - fear. It warns of dire economic consequences if skill shortages are not addressed and advocates reform of Australia’s income support system as one key to solving the skill...

Commentary

Article

15 Apr 2005

Federalism needs to be reinvented to end buck passing and duplication, argues George Williams

AUSTRALIAN federalism has been dysfunctional for a long time. Recent disputes over GST revenue, a national industrial relations law and state referrals of power are just the latest examples of...

Report

16 Mar 2005

Interim and final reports from the Senate Standing Committee on Employment, Workplace Relations and Education from the Inquiry into Indigenous Education Funding Arrangement s.

Report

14 Apr 2005

Bruce Kent surveys the chequered history of post-war reconstruction from the Treaty of Versailles to the present. The 'beggar thy neighbour' attempts of the victorious nations in 1919 to offload the burden of reconstruction onto others set Europe on the road to the war of...

Report

17 Mar 2005

At regular intervals over many years, reports on problems and shortcomings of the care and protection of children in out-of-home care have been produced. Unfortunately, it seems that these reports had minimal impact in achieving a system that was responsive, accountable and achieved outcomes in...

Report

14 Apr 2005

This Productivity Commission research report examines the productivity, labour supply and fiscal implications of likely demographic trends over the next forty years, to further improve understanding of the challenges and opportunities resulting from an ageing Australia.

Released with the report were eleven technical papers...

Report

14 Apr 2005

Final report of an Australian Communication Authority study designed to understand the nature of the future communications environment .

Report

14 Apr 2005

With control of the Senate, the Coalition government will move further down the path of labour market deregulation. Further changes will cater to the interests of employers, with special attention to small business owners, while hastening the demise of the Australian Industrial Relations Commission and...

Report

13 Apr 2005

The preservation of the apprenticeship system in the Australian construction industry contrasts with its collapse in Britain over the last three decades. Given that the industry in both countries has undergone the same structural changes the different outcomes require explanation. Phillip Toner suggests that they...

Report

13 Apr 2005

Many commentators assume that sometime before the 1980s and the emergence of economic rationalism, neo-liberalism and finance-driven capitalism was a golden age during which most people had permanent full time jobs, manageable workloads, viable communities and family life. Well, not exactly all of us, says...

Report

13 Apr 2005

The past fifteen years have seen a rapid growth in private sector firms supporting military operations. More recently, the ADF has employed the private sector to varying degrees in East Timor, Bougainville, Afghanistan and Iraq. This paper puts forward four recommendations on how the ADF...

Commentary

Article

12 Apr 2005

Government backbenchers are back in the spotlight. John Warhurst looks at the three main groups and their aims

BECAUSE debate between the parties usually dominates public discussion, it is often difficult for the backbench to make a mark. But at the moment, because the...

Report

13 Apr 2005

At a time when dissatisfaction with politicians is glaringly evident, the solution is not less democracy, of course; it is deeper democracy. And in deliberative experiments around the world, goverments and NGOs are attempting to extend citizen participation beyond voting, lobbying, and protesting. Lyn Carson...

Report

13 Apr 2005

Lack of funds meant 68 per cent of community services surveyed were not able to help all the people who sought assistanceaccording to this report. The survey found a 6.5 per cent increase in the number of times people were turned away from a community...

Report

12 Apr 2005

Peter Saunders analyses how the welfare state might be transformed to give ordinary people more control over key areas of their lives which are currently managed for them by the government. Saunders demonstates that, to a large extent, we no longer need the welfare state....

Report

10 Apr 2005

This report presents summary data collected in Australia's most comprehensive national survey on drug issues. Key results on drug-related awareness, knowledge, attitudes and behaviour are features of this report. Comparisons with 1991, 1993, 1995, 1998 and 2001 surveys are presented and population estimates of the...

Report

8 Apr 2005

Minh Nguyen argues that there is very little evidence linking state failure with international terrorism and other criminal activity, and that such an assumption paints a misleading picture and can lead to an unhealthy policy obsession with pre-emptive military attacks and other forms of intervention...

Report

6 Apr 2005

Diabetes Mellitus is estimated to affect around one million Australians, a number that is likely to increase in the future because of population ageing and increasing prevalence of risk factors such as obesity. This report mainly focuses on direct health care expenditure for diabetes -...

Report

6 Apr 2005

Although the overall health status of Australians compares favourably with other developed countries, health status within the Australia population varies between different population groups. Illness and death have been shown to occur at higher rates among socioeconomically disadvantaged people. Health may also vary according to...

Report

6 Apr 2005

Using information from the first year of the National Armed Robbery Monitoring Program, Maria Borzycki, Yuka Sakurai and Jenny Mouzos examine the nearly 9000 reported cases of armed robbery victimisation in 2003 in terms of the incident, the victim and the offender. Aspects of this...

Report

6 Apr 2005

Rowena Johns summarises key events in the development of the jury system in New South Wales. She looks at the types of courts and cases that involves juries, and at current jury procedures, and provides an overview of current issues including the impact of prejudicial...

Report

6 Apr 2005

Divorce has far reaching financial consequences with an immediate impact on lifestyle and disposable income and a potentially significant long-term impact on wealth accumulation, according to the latest AMP.NATSEM Income and Wealth Report, by Simon Kelly and Ann Harding.

Report

5 Apr 2005

Australia's innovation capacity is, in part, reliant on its teaching workforce. In this pilot study Phillip Toner examines how vocational education and training teachers, in particular TAFE teachers, maintain the currency of their skills and knowledge base. He also explores their role in the development...

Report

4 Apr 2005

On 10 September 2004, the Treasurer announced that a Future Fund would be established to fund the Commonwealth's unfunded superannuation liabilities. He also released a paper titled 'Investing in the Future' which outlined the proposed Fund. The Treasurer has confirmed that details of the Fund...

Report

4 Apr 2005

While the calling of an election is partly a matter of political judgement and timing, a constitutional and legislative framework governs the electoral timetables and processes. In this research note Rob Lundie reviews the constitutional provisions that determine when the next federal, state and territory...

Report

4 Apr 2005

The increase in the current account deficit has led to calls for increased spending on public infrastructure. As at the end of September 2004 total superannuation fund assets were about $648.9 billion, making superannuation assets easily the largest group of funds available for investment. In...

Report

5 Apr 2005

Peter Smith and Jennifer Dalton identify how vocational education and training practitioners view learning style differences between students and how they take account of those differences in designing and delivering teaching. They draw on surveys, focus groups and case studies in five TAFE institutes and...

Report

5 Apr 2005

While the majority of employers recognise workforce skill levels are fundamental to the success of the business, their understanding and support of the national vocational education and training sector varies markedly, Giselle Mawer and Elaine Jackson report. Employers and employees tend to prefer informal, on-the-job...

Report

4 Apr 2005

On 23 January 2005 the Western Australian Labor Premier, Geoff Gallop, announced an election for 26 February. A referendum on shopping hours had already been announced, to be held on election day. Scott Bennett reviews the main issues of the campaign, outlines the challenge the...

Report

4 Apr 2005

Jo Barraket reviews international and local activity and research to identify the scope of academic, practitioner and policy literature on the impacts of the arts on social inclusion, identify common themes, significant contradictions and silences in this literature, and strategically inform the BSL's involvement in,...

Commentary

Article

4 Apr 2005

Amanda Vanstone’s new visa is a very small step forward, according to William Maley

THE ANNOUNCEMENT by the immigration minister, Amanda Vanstone, that the government will introduce new regulations to establish a Removal Pending Bridging Visa has been welcomed as a first step, albeit...

Commentary

Article

1 Apr 2005

The market dictates that high oil prices are here to stay, writes John Quiggin

OIL is the classic example of an exhaustible resource (there’s a charming, but apparently false, belief that it comes from decayed dinosaurs). Whenever the price of oil rises sharply, people...

Report

1 Apr 2005

Natalie Taylor and Kate Charlton assessed the effects of the Queensland Police Service shopfronts program on crime reporting to determine whether shopkeepers were experiencing rising levels of crime or were more likely to report criminal incidents when a police shopfront was present. They compared two...

Report

1 Apr 2005

Natalie Taylor and Kate Charlton assessed the effects of the Queensland Police Service shopfronts program on crime reporting to determine whether shopkeepers were experiencing rising levels of crime or were more likely to report criminal incidents when a police shopfront was present. They compared two...