May 2005

Research report

31 May 2005

Lee Ridoutt, Kevin Hummel, Ralph Dutneal and Chris Selby Smith identify the relationship between requirements of particular jobs and, in the opinion of employers, formal qualifications. A large number of competencies were identified by employers as required for jobs to be performed well. Generally, this...

Research report

31 May 2005

In this statistical compendium Toni Cavallaro, Paul Foley, John Saunders and Kaye Bowman examine vocational education and training students with a disability as a group, focusing on their participation levels, achievements and outcomes from VET, and identifies gaps and/or issues with the existing data. They...

Research report

31 May 2005

Seasonal work is crucial for the many rural regions reliant on seasonal industries such as agriculture, forestry, aquaculture and tourism. In this report Sue Kilpatrick and Helen Bound examine the diverse nature of the seasonal workforce in two locations and the approaches used in their...

Research report

31 May 2005

Joo-Cheong Tham argues that recent government proposals to increase the threshold for disclosing the identity of political donors, and to raise the ceiling for tax-deductibility, would advantage wealthy political donors and further increase their political access vis à vis the less well off, reducing political...

Research report

31 May 2005

The deep divide between the tiny elite minority in Papua New Guinea who enrich themselves at the expense of the vast majority of ordinary people will continue to grow with disastrous consequences unless the Australian government's new Enhanced Cooperation Programme (ECP) is fully restored and...

Research report

30 May 2005

The recognition of rights remains a fundamental objective for many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. In this paper Megan Davis draws on the objectives of one of the four National Strategies in the Roadmap for Reconciliation, 'Recognising Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Rights'. She provides...

Research report

30 May 2005

'Any tax cut is good' is a convenient mentality for the political right. It plays well in the electorate and keeps the political agenda free from pressures for greater spending. But evidence is amassing against the low tax model, and from some surprising quarters, writes...

Research report

30 May 2005

This question is rarely posed in Canberra because almost all of the voices heard in public suggest that more growth must be a good thing. The recent debate in the local media about how the government should respond to the slowing of Canberra's growth rate...

Research report

30 May 2005

The 2005 British election was held on 5 May. Scott Bennett reviews the campaign, the results and the fall-out, and looks at the controversy over Britain's first-past-the-post voting system.

Journal article

30 May 2005

The perinatal mortality rate among Indigenous Australians is still double that of the rest of the community. In this study Trisha Johnston and Michael Coory set out to estimate the extent to which increased risk of low birthweight and preterm birth among Indigenous babies in...

Research report

27 May 2005

In Griffith REVIEW 8 , People Like Us, Martin Krygier considers the consequences of rhetoric in politics and history. This 'rhetoric of reaction', born out of a desire to deny, divide and abuse, does considerable damage, Krygier writes. These devices - 'which preclude conversation, encourage...

Journal article

27 May 2005

A recent report by the telecommunications research firm Analysys predicts that mobile games will replace ringtones, logos and other personalisation services as one of the key drivers of the mobile market. Despite the rapid growth of the mobile gaming market, there appears to have been...

Journal article

27 May 2005

One fifth of greenhouse gas emissions in Australia are generated by the everyday activities of households (Commonwealth of Australia 2005a). Higher consumer awareness of the impact of housing on the environment (Commonwealth of Australia 2003, 2005b) and of sustainable housing alternatives (The State of Queensland...

Research report

30 May 2005

In November 2002 the prime minister commissioned former Rio Tinto and Westpac chairman, John Uhrig AO, to review the corporate governance of statutory authorities. The terms of reference required an examination of the relationships between statutory authorities and the responsible minister. Richard Grant examines the...

Research report

27 May 2005

This report presents detailed information on hospital care and hospitals, summaries of changes over time, and comparisons between public and private hospitals. Included are statistics on admissions to public and private hospitals in 2003-04, covering the age and sex of patients, diagnoses, procedures, lengths of...

Research report

26 May 2005

The first comprehensive study of cancer health system expenditures in Australia covered the year 1993-94 and was released in 1998. This report updates the expenditure estimates to 2000-01 and includes 'other neoplasms' as well as cancers.

Journal article

25 May 2005

During the 1990s, the New Zealand health sector went through a decade of turbulence with a series of major structural changes being introduced in a relatively short period of time. The new millennium brought further change, with the establishment of 21 district health boards and...

Research report

25 May 2005

Australia does not face the threat of an air war between now and 2020, so why are we buying 100 Joint Strike Fighters at the cost of $20 billion? Our strategic policy has long needed serious rethinking, says Paul Monk, and at last this is...

Research report

25 May 2005

Income targeted home ownership assistance programs can play an important role in helping to restore social and economic equity in an environment where the gap between the 'haves' and 'have-nots' is steadily growing. This report by Shane Greive, Vasanthi Peter, John Ballard, Roz Walker, Cheryle...

Research report

24 May 2005

In recent years the scientific evidence supporting the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and other major environmental pollutants has increased, yet Australians' stated level of concern for the condition of the natural environment has decreased. New polling data shows that young Australians are among...

Research report

24 May 2005

Anne Daly presents data from the 2001 Census of Population and Housing to highlight the low levels of computer and internet usage by Indigenous Australians. One possible way of addressing the digital divide between capital city dwellers and other Australians is through the development of...

Briefing paper

24 May 2005

Children with behavioural and learning difficulties (particularly literacy attainment) commonly have problems processing auditory information as measured by sentence length recall and digit span. Findings from the study of 11,366 children from school entry to Year 9 indicated that the association betweeen literacy and classroom...

Research report

24 May 2005

The Victorian government is considering extending the operating life of the forty-year old Hazelwood Power Station to 2031. The power station is the largest single source of greenhouse gas emissions in Australia, and its brown coal allocations would run out in 2009. According to this...

Research report

24 May 2005

John Cleary, former Tasmanian MP and minister, served three years as chief executive officer of the Tiwi Islands remote Aboriginal community. He has drawn on this experience to outline the need for change across all areas in remote Aboriginal communities: health, housing, education, employment and...

Research report

24 May 2005

One important and under-researched aspect of labour market policy is the extent to which policy interventions are effective in modifying job search behaviour. Furthermore, there is little extant research on whether certain job search behaviours lead to labour market success. Matthew Gray and Boyd Hunter's...

Commentary

Article

24 May 2005

ASIO doesn’t need all the emergency powers it was given two years ago, write George Williams and Ben Saul

THE ASIO BILL was passed by federal parliament in June 2003 after fifteen months of sometimes bitter debate. At issue was whether the law should...

Research report

23 May 2005

Scott Brenton examines data from the 2003 Australian Survey of Social Attitudes and the 2004 Australian Electoral Study, in considering whether there is declining confidence in Australia's democratic institutions. He examines issues of democracy, government, politicians, parliaments, the legal system and public servants.

Research report

18 May 2005

In this report the federal privacy commissioner concludes that the provisions of the Act 'work well on balance'. She writes;

'The review process shows that the private sector provisions have met with their objectives in some areas and not in others. In some areas...

Research report

21 May 2005

Does a university education make people more inclined to have an empathetic view of the world? David Burchell critically examines this view in his reappraisal of what he describes as the 'empathy wars' of the past decade, in which attitudes towards Indigenous people and refugees...

Research report

20 May 2005

in this submission to the Parliamentary Joint Committee on ASIO, ASIS and DSD's inquiry into ASIO's questioning and detention powers, George Williams and Ben Saul provide a framework for evaluating anti-terrorism laws based on international law and traditional common law principles. They consider whether the...

Commentary

Article

20 May 2005

The international convention against torture needs to be strengthened, argues Ben Saul

Summary

The torture scandal rocking the US and British militaries in the ‘war on terror’ is shocking because of the serious breaches of international law involved. But it also...

Research report

20 May 2005

In June 2004 the Liberal Party's Bill Stefaniak introduced the Charter of Responsibilities Bill into the ACT Legislative Assembly. With its Bill of Rights, the ACT set an Australian first, and with the Bill of Responsibilities it sets another: this is the first such bill...

Research report

20 May 2005

Based on one definition of poverty, 9.3 per cent of all Australians are poor. The poverty rate varies widely between electorates, from 2.1 per cent in Bradfield (NSW) to 15.1 per cent in Braddon (Tas). The poverty rate estimates presented by Tony Kryger in this...

Journal article

20 May 2005

This article reports on a preliminary analysis of Australian third sector, or non-profit, organisations’ attempts to mobilise citizen engagement using online technologies. Recent debates about the nature and importance of citizen engagement, and the impacts of online technologies on citizen engagement, are reviewed in order...

Journal article

20 May 2005

This paper investigates the risks and benefits associated with the use of genetic testing by agents outside the boundaries of the medical sphere and for reasons other than providing health care. Section one considers the actual and potential use of genetic testing by employers, insurance...

Commentary

Article

18 May 2005

Is the federal government interested in efficiency or ideology, asks John Edwards

AUSTRALIAN labour productivity has increased twice as fast in the last twelve years as in the previous twelve years, and twice as many jobs have been created. Over the same period the...

Research report

18 May 2005

Many government spending programmes do some good, but the question posed in this new research paper is whether they do more good than the harm they cause. Alex Robson demonstrates that every dollar the government raises in tax has a cost. He calculates the total...

Research report

18 May 2005

Do income taxes levied at a state or regional level affect the after-tax distribution of income? Or do workers merely move between regions, causing pre-tax wages to adjust? Andrew Leigh draws on evidence from the United States and the European Union to explore this question....

Research report

18 May 2005

In a paper to be published by the University of San Francisco Law Review , Professor Mirko Bagaric and Julie Clarke of Deakin University make a case for legalising torture. Their argument fails morally and practically, write Sarah Joseph and Marius Smith.

Commentary

Article

17 May 2005

The evidence that Iraq hurt Blair is far from conclusive, argues David Burchell

JUST ABOUT every Australian media outlet explained Tony Blair’s relatively narrow victory in this month’s British general election in exactly the same way. It was the war, stupid. So the story...

Commentary

Article

16 May 2005

John Quiggin looks at the longer term trend in average tax rates

DURING the 1980s and 1990s, governments faced chronic difficulties in meeting growing demands for public expenditure on a wide range of services, while experiencing weak growth in revenue and fierce resistance to...

Research report

16 May 2005

This report focuses on a comprehensive range of rural health issues, including health status, determinants of health, and health service provision, and is the first systematic comparison of its kind.

Research report

16 May 2005

Do Australians surround themselves with like-minded people and what unites and divides them? Griffith REVIEW explores the questions of real and imagined social and political divisions in its latest edition. In this introduction, Julianne Schultz explains that 'in recent years the language of politics has...

Research report

16 May 2005

In this submission to the inquiry into the 2004 federal election by the Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters, George Williams and Bryan Mercurio argue for reforms to the rules governing voting technology, political advertising, political funding and overseas voting. Other submissions to the inquiry...

Research report

16 May 2005

While opportunistic crime in Australia's fishing industry has existed for a long time, there is increasing concern about illegal activity. High-value, low-volume fish products (such as abalone, shark fin and seahorse) are vulnerable to organised criminal exploitation. Without adequate controls, the viability of stocks (and...

Commentary

Article

12 May 2005

For Nicholas Gruen, Peter Costello’s tenth budget is a reminder of earlier days

HABITS form and help make our lives more relaxed and comfortable. But this budget’s a bit too relaxed and comfortable.

Our economy has been through a record era of growth...

Research report

13 May 2005

Produced by the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision, this new report contains all indigenous data reported in the Report on Government Services 2005 .

Released May 2005

Discussion paper

12 May 2005

Using post-election surveys of 14,000 voters in ten Australian elections between 1966 and 2001, Andrew Leigh explores the impact that individual, local and national factors have on voters' decisions. In these ten elections, the poor, foreign-born, younger voters, voters born since 1950, men, and those...

Commentary

Article

12 May 2005

The budget is not convincing enough to advance the treasurer’s ambitions, according to John Edwards

THE WONDER of Treasurer Peter Costello’s 2005-06 budget is a handsome run of higher than expected forecast revenue, not only for the current year but right through to 2008-09....

Research report

12 May 2005

Alison Booth and Nick Carroll use unique survey data to examine the determinants of self-assessed health of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. They explore the degree to which differences in health are due to differences in socio-economic factors, and examine the sensitivity of our results to...

Research report

12 May 2005

Over nine million Australians travel to work each week, commuting by car, bus, train, tram, bicycle, ferry or foot. These days, more than ever before, employees are commuting for longer, in traffic that is more congested, to reach workplaces that are further away. Using data...

Research report

12 May 2005

Talina Drabsch explores the possibilities of no fault compensation, where the entitlement to compensation is not linked to the ability to prove that a person's injuries were due to the fault of another. This report is partly a response to the discussion that followed the...

Research report

12 May 2005

With many countries considering the adoption of a system of earned income tax credits, it is useful to analyse how different types of credits affect labor supply and earnings. Andrew Leigh focuses on a 1999 reform to the UK tax credit system, which increased the...

Research report

12 May 2005

There is no internationally accepted legal definition of terrorism. States often use the term in contradicting ways and their judgement of whether a terrorist act occurred depends on their interests or on the angle they view the situation from, rather than on an analysis of...

Commentary

Article

12 May 2005

Peter Mares reviews a new book that reveals the complex and diverse reasons why people leave their home country

Human Cargo: A Journey Among Refugees by Caroline Moorehead Chatto & Windus, $44.95

CAROLINE MOOREHEAD is the kind of journalist and writer that...

Commentary

Article

11 May 2005

David Peetz suggests the government industrial relations cure could be worse than the disease

IF YOU’RE still waiting for that plumber, builder or electrician to turn up - or if you’re saving up to pay for one - you’re one of many people feeling...

Research report

10 May 2005

As part of its planned migration program, the federal government allocates places each year for people wanting to migrate permanently to Australia. The 2005-06 migration program allows for the highest level in almost twenty years. Janet Phillips looks at Australia's migration program patterns since 1945,...

Research report

10 May 2005

Movement in Australia's tertiary sector - between and within higher education and vocational education and training - is a key feature of Australia's post-compulsory education system. Roger Harris, Robert Sumner and Linda Rainey investigate the extent and nature of student traffic between the two sectors,...

Research report

10 May 2005

If dwindling secondary and tertiary student numbers are any indication, Australian interest in physics as a profession has declined. Often perceived as 'too hard', physics, chemistry and mathematics now languish in student take-up rates. In this research note Matthew L. James looks at the implications...

Research report

10 May 2005

The majority of studies on ageing have a domestic focus. However, cross-border effects also warrant attention as these too have substantial economic and public policy implications for Australia. In this research note Jeffrey Robertson looks at some of the possible economic implications for Australia of...

Research report

10 May 2005

The years since the publication of the Defence 2000 White Paper have witnessed significant changes to Australia's strategic context and its operational imperatives. In this research brief Alex Tewes looks at some of the issues likely to affect the development of the next national strategic...

Commentary

6 May 2005

Simon Evans and Carolyn Evans look at the issues facing a new committee .

Australian political history is littered with unsuccessful attempts to pass broad ranging human rights Acts. The recent passage of the ACT Human Rights Act contrasts with, for example, the...

Commentary

Article

6 May 2005

The quest for democracy shouldn’t obscure the real lessons of Iraq, argues Clive Hamilton

THE LEFT has been snookered by the US invasion of Iraq, for it is deeply opposed to the war yet supports the spread of democracy and civil freedoms. It is...

Research report

5 May 2005

In late 2004 the Centre was commissioned by the Petre Foundation to write a report comparing giving by wealthy Australians with that of their counterparts in other places. Denis Tracey and Christopher Baker found that, in general, the wealthy in Australia are not contributing as...

Research report

5 May 2005

In this paper for the for Western Australian Law Reform Commission inquiry into Aboriginal customary law, Megan Davis and Hannah McGlade examine the Australian government's reluctance to recognise Aboriginal law and the potential benefit of Aboriginal law to marginalised Aboriginal communities. They look at international...

Research report

5 May 2005

The landscape of international politics in a few decades will be dominated by a company of giants: societies that will range demographically down from India and China at over a billion each, through those at four or five hundred millions, like the US and the...

Research report

21 Apr 2005

Speech by ACCC chair, Graeme Samuel, to the International Competition Enforcement Conference, Tokyo.

Cartel activity will not be deterred if the potential penalties are perceived by firms and their executives to be outweighed by the potential rewards. Under Australia's existing penalty regime, there was...

Research report

5 May 2005

Rick Snell discusses the ACT government's fees for Freedom of Information requests, and its belief that responding to FOI requests is not part of a government's normal work.

Transcript

27 Apr 2005

Speech by ACCC chair, Graeme Samuel, to the National Press Club, Canberra.

We are in the midst of a technological revolution which threatens to make the introduction of television look like a mere blip in the evolution of distribution of news, information and entertainment....

Research report

5 May 2005

Although Australia has a high number of independent parliamentarians compared to other democracies, there isn't necessarily a level playing field when competing with party members and candidates. Jennifer Curtin highlights various ways in which independent MPs and independent candidates are disadvantaged through Australia's electoral systems...

Research report

2 May 2005

Childhood, particularly early childhood, has become a key priority for governments and non-government organisations, in response to emerging concern about Australia's children in the context of rapid social change, as well as compelling evidence about the importance of the early years. This report brings together...

Research report

2 May 2005

Based on a continuation of current population growth patterns and the current parliament serving its full term, redistributions will be held in the ACT and are likely to be held in New South Wales and Queensland during the life of the Parliament. Gerard Newman discusses...

Research report

2 May 2005

Bill Mitchell decomposes the changes in employment over the last two cyclical recoveries into demand and supply influences. His major conclusion is that GDP growth is inadequate to provide enough jobs in order to attain full employment given current government policy. With strong productivity growth...