July 2005

Research report

29 Jul 2005

This report presents data on the number, nature, incidence and costs of public sector medical indemnity claims over the period 1 July 2003 to 30 June 2004. It describes incidents that gave rise to claims, the people affected by these incidents, and the size, outcome...

Research report

27 Jul 2005

In this speech at the Australian Telecommunications Summit, ACCC commissioner Ed Willett argues that increasing transparency in the way that Telstra operates its business is fundamental to achieving a regulatory regime that will promote competition, encourage investment and protect consumers.

Released 27 July...

Research report

28 Jul 2005

Today, private companies offer services for every aspect of life, including the security and military sector. They are also employed to secure the world's oceans. In the last ten years an increasing number of private companies offering anti-piracy services have surfaced and expanded. Despite their...

Research report

28 Jul 2005

This report provides estimates of expenditure on welfare services in Australia for the period 1998-99 to 2002-03. It also brings together cash and non-cash benefits for people in need of assistance, using an international framework being developed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,...

Research report

28 Jul 2005

Of all the private sector businesses in Australia, 96 per cent are small businesses with fewer than twenty employees and around two in every five private sector workers are employed in a small business. In the eleventh AMP-Natsem Income and Wealth Report, Shih-Foong Chin, Simon...

Research report

28 Jul 2005

In this latest report in the View on Asia series, Victoria Mence examines several key factors that have shaped the direction of Malaysia's political and economic development since independence and Australia's complex relationship with this important regional neighbour.

Research report

27 Jul 2005

This report is the sixth annual compilation of data on Community Aged Care Packages, an Australian government-funded program designed to provide assistance to enable frail or disabled older people with complex care needs to continue living in the community. These packages provide an alternative to...

Research report

26 Jul 2005

In this discussion paper, Fred Argy looks at the issue of incumbency advantages in government by examining the use of taxpayers' money for political advertising campaigns. The paper has a particular focus on the federal government's current industrial relations campaign, and argues that public money...

Research report

26 Jul 2005

Using a large database of self-completion interviews with 24,718 respondents aged 14 and over, compiled by Roy Morgan Research, Michael Flood and Clive Hamilton identify the extent of homophobia in Australia, according to factors including location, age, gender and educational attainment. In this study homophobia...

Journal article

26 Jul 2005

Overweight and obesity in Australia has risen at an alarming rate over the last 20 years as in other industrialised countries around the world, yet the policy response, locally and globally, has been limited. Using a childhood obesity summit held in Australia in 2002 as...

Research report

26 Jul 2005

The last great secret from Watergate has been revealed 31 years after the scandal forced President Nixon to become the first US President to resign. In the frenzy of comment following Mark Felt's revelation, many legends about Watergate have been revived - and many have...

Journal article

26 Jul 2005

In contrast to previous population survey programs nationally and internationally, this study seeks to extract contemporary policy-oriented domains for inclusion in a strategic program of child health data collection, using a stakeholder consultation process to identify key domains and policy information needs. The outcome is...

Research report

25 Jul 2005

International and national research shows that music education uniquely contributes to the emotional, physical, social and cognitive growth of all students. Music in schools contributes to both instrumental and aesthetic learning outcomes; transmission of cultural heritage and values; and, students’ creativity, identity and capacity for...

Research report

26 Jul 2005

Mary Heath outlines laws of evidence that have had significant impacts on procedures in sexual offence trials and on victim-complainants' experiences in court in each Australian state and territory jurisdiction.

Research report

22 Jul 2005

Visual impairment is an important health issue facing the present and future generations of older Australians because it can affect physical, functional, emotional and social wellbeing, and reduce quality of life. The main aim of this bulletin is to present the most reliable, robust and...

Research report

22 Jul 2005

The Carr government has announced that it will build a desalination plant to help resolve the water supply shortage, unless there is enough rain in the next few months to raise storage levels to a 'safe' level. Desalination is an energy intensive process. Because electricity...

Other text

20 Jul 2005

Has the Nuclear Weapons Non-Proliferation Treaty passed its use-by date, asks Andy Butfoy

EFFORTS to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, centred on the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) are in trouble. This is highlighted by speculation North Korea is ready to test a bomb, and...

Research report

21 Jul 2005

This report from the Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring provides a summary of two aspects of the economic impact of asthma in Australia: health care expenditure on asthma and burden of disease attributable to asthma-related disability and premature mortality.

Commentary

Article

21 Jul 2005

Canberra’s latest campaign underlines the need for controls over government advertising, according to Graeme Orr and Joo-Cheong Tham

IMAGINE you had a product and were pushing it in the marketplace against a bigger competitor. Then the federal government shelled out $20 million in...

Research report

21 Jul 2005

Product standards, legitimately used by countries to protect public health and safety have frequently been misused as technical barriers to trade while pretending to be consumer protection measures. That's how New Zealanders see Australia's ban on apple imports, writes John Knight, and the WTO agrees....

Transcript

7 Jul 2005

Gary Banks presented a lecture at the Australian National University as part of the public lecture series of the Australian Centre of Regulatory Economics and the Faculty of Economics and Commerce.

Released 7 July 2005

Research report

15 Jun 2005

This report focuses on the management of energy, waste and water by Victorian households. It contains 72 recommendations which the committee believes can be readily implemented and will substantially strengthen sustainable consumption management and policy in Victoria.

Research report

21 Jul 2005

Papers presented at the Reserve Bank's 2005 Conference, which featured local and international speakers.

Research report

21 Jul 2005

This report provides comprehensive statistical information on residential aged care services and their residents. It contains information on the capacity of residential aged care services, their residents and resident characteristics, levels of dependency among residents, and admissions and separations.

Research report

21 Jul 2005

The local carriage service (LCS)--a wholesale end-to-end local call service--was declared in 1999. The service allows competitive carriers to compete in the retail local call market.

The 2005 review will consider whether the LCS declaration should be continued, the extent of any declaration and...

Research report

21 Jul 2005

Australia's workforce has undergone unprecedented levels of change over the past 25 years. One of the most significant changes is the growing use of flexible work arrangements, such as labour hire, by businesses seeking to achieve higher levels of flexibility and productivity.

This report...

Research report

20 Jul 2005

Using recent census data, Yohannes Kinfu finds that compared to the general population, Indigenous Australians are highly mobile and largely engaged in short rather than long distance migration.

Research report

20 Jul 2005

In a paper for the Australian Social Policy Conference 2005, Marc Adam and Paul Flatau from Murdoch University examine the relationship between the level of job security experienced by Australian workers and mental health and well-being outcomes and changes in the level of job security...

Research report

20 Jul 2005

This report compares expenditures on health for Indigenous people with health expenditures for the rest of the Australian population. It examines health resource distribution and funding by different levels of government, the private sector, by region and by primary and secondary/tertiary health care. It also...

Research report

20 Jul 2005

Each year, a number of university students in Australia leave the courses in which they have enrolled. Some change to other courses while others defer their course or leave the university altogether. What motivates students to change or leave their university course and does the...

Research report

20 Jul 2005

Erica Smith, Richard Pickersgill, Andy Smith and Peter Rushbrook aim to provide a clearer understanding of how and why enterprises use nationally recognised type of training. They find that successfully embedding training in enterprises involves a three-phase process - engagement, extension and integration. In most...

Research report

20 Jul 2005

It is well over twenty years since the widespread introduction of computers in schools. But rarely does a day pass when there isn't debate about information and communication technology access, cost, training and quality. Most schools would say they don't have enough computers, that teachers...

Research report

20 Jul 2005

Extended producer responsibility, or EPR, is an environmental policy approach in which a producer's responsibility, physical and/or financial, for a product is extended to the post-consumer stage of a product's life cycle. In the paper Stewart Smith canvasses the application of EPR, including container deposit...

Research report

20 Jul 2005

This new report based on data from the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth questions whether completing Year 12 benefits all young people. Alfred Michael Dockery argues that alternative pathways and institutional arrangements need to be available to meet the varying needs, abilities and preferences of...

Research report

18 Jul 2005

Senators and members receive an annual allowance by way of basic salary - $111 150 from 1 July 2005. In this research note, Leanne Manthorpe explains the legislative basis of, and the fixing and linking mechanisms for, the allowance.

Research report

18 Jul 2005

Between 1984 and 2004 there has been a significant rise in both the number and proportion of the population that is in receipt of the Disability Support Pension. In this research note, Malcolm Park examines the rises in relation to the age and sex of...

Research report

18 Jul 2005

Many older Australians are up-skilling or retraining to maintain gainful employment or pursue other interests. In this systematic review of existing research, Peter Thomson, Susan Dawe, Alison Anlezark, Kaye Bowman set out to find evidence that skill development activities for the mature-aged lead to improved...

Research report

18 Jul 2005

Sue Foster and Francesca Beddie show that literacy and numeracy practices change over time, and that the literacy challenge is not confined to those people traditionally considered to be poorly educated or unsuccessful. They consider Australia's place in the international arena, and look at strategies...

Research report

18 Jul 2005

Around 1.6 million people undertook training across Australia's public vocational education and training (VET) system in 2004. The data reveals a decline in the number of students undertaking training and hours of teaching delivery for the first time. Overall, participation decreased by 7.1 per cent...

Research report

18 Jul 2005

The debate about the regional settlement of refugees takes place within a number of important and at times conflicting policy arenas: humanitarian goals and obligations, population strategy and economic development of regional areas. In a paper for the Australian Social Policy Conference 2005, Janet Taylor...

Research report

18 Jul 2005

When the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act was passed in June 1999, the federal government and several environment groups promised it would revolutionise the Commonwealth's involvement in environmental issues and improve conservation outcomes. Andrew Macintosh and Debra Wilkinson analyse whether the environmental assessment and...

Research report

14 Jul 2005

Helen Fraser and Minh Nguyen examine the situation in Nauru - once ranked among the world's wealthiest countries per capita owing to its rich but now depleted phosphate resources. Continued dependency on phosphate export revenue has reduced this island state to near bankruptcy. The authors...

Research report

14 Jul 2005

Simon Marginson describes the three determinants of the character of Australian universities - the global position of Australian higher education, national government funding, policy and regulation, and the institutional and academic effort of universities themselves - and looks at the implications of the Nelson reforms,...

Research report

14 Jul 2005

This report says we should welcome the gradual erosion of the mass welfare state by the move to self-funded benefits and services. Peter Saunders identifies strong economic arguments in favour of self-funding: it is more efficient, it strengthens incentives and it helps reduce the mounting...

Conference paper

14 Jul 2005

International students have rights in four main areas: as human beings (which includes legal, civil, social, political and economic rights); as students in formal education, which includes rights to pastoral care; as consumers; and as employees, given that the majority of international students work while...

Research report

14 Jun 2005

There are nearly 20 million women living with HIV/AIDS worldwide, comprising half of the total number of people living with this virus. Like the women overseas, women living with HIV in Australia have diverse in their experiences, values, needs and expectations. This report surveys the...

Commentary

Article

14 Jul 2005

In a paper delivered to the Fair Go or Anything Goes? conference this week in Sydney, George Williams argues that the federal government’s constitutional powers are not sufficient to enact a comprehensive national industrial relations scheme

THE main impediment to achieving a national...

Journal article

14 Jul 2005

The ideal concept of holistic health is centrally placed in Australian Aboriginal health policies and strategies. Advocates suggest that its effective uptake will enable health improvements. Yet we are continually reminded of the shocking state of Aboriginal health. In this review of Australian literature Mark...

Research report

14 Jul 2005

This report presents statistics on trends in the employment of nurses and midwives in Australia. Information presented in the report includes a national overview of the number and characteristics of nurses, their geographic region and the overall supply of nurses. Also included is a profile...

Research report

12 Jul 2005

So far in Australia only the Australian Capital Territory has a Bill of Rights. Katharine Gelber looks at current gaps in rights protection and at how to win support for rights-based legislation. She draws on recent surveys of civic knowledge and social attitudes to argue...

Research report

12 Jul 2005

Following the first anniversary of the ACT Human Rights Act 2004, Gabrielle McKinnon examines the impact of the legislation on rights protection in the Australian Capital Territory. Her review covers impact on the courts, on legislation and on policy development.

Research report

12 Jul 2005

This report by John Taylor and Owen Stanley was originally prepared as part of the Council of Australian Governments' Indigenous Community Coordination Pilot trial at Wadeye in the Northern Territory. The study aimed at answering questions from the COAG partners as to the opportunity cost...

Research report

12 Jul 2005

In April 2002, the Council of Australian Governments commissioned the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision to produce a regular report against key indicators of Indigenous disadvantage. This report has an important long-term objective. It is to inform Australian governments about whether...

Commentary

Article

11 Jul 2005

TWO SOMEWHAT dissonant aspects of religion and politics struck me this week. The first, hardly noticed, was about old-style politics and religion.

Barnaby Joyce, the new National Party senator from Queensland, was on ABC radio discussing his misgivings about the government’s proposed industrial-relations legislation....

Research report

7 Jul 2005

Government Trading Enterprises (GTEs) provide services in key sectors of the economy — including electricity, water, urban transport, railways, ports and forestry. In 2003-04 the 83 GTEs monitored in this report controlled assets valued at more than $174 billion and generated $55 billion in revenue....

Research report

11 Jul 2005

Papers, presentations and audio from this conference are now available online. Speakers include Jon Stanhope, Gabrielle McKinnon, Richard Refshauge SC, Gerard McCoy QC SC, Carolyn Evans, Paul Bluck, Helen Watchirs, Elizabeth Kelly, Peter Bayne, Katherine Gelber and George Williams.

Research report

7 Jul 2005

This report continues previous work by the commission and an earlier series of broader 'Red Book' reports of the Steering Committee on National Performance Monitoring of Government Trading Enterprises.

Released 7 July 2005

Research report

11 Jul 2005

Analysing a survey of 1324 young women, Ann Evans examines the factors that influence a decision whether or not to terminate a pregnancy.

Commentary

Article

8 Jul 2005

Over time, water prices need to move to their own level, argues John Quiggin

DESPITE the recent rains, the problem of water shortages in Australia is not going to go away. The problem is not one of inadequate total supply (on a per-person basis,...

Research report

9 Jul 2005

Should the law intervene to ensure that political parties, as organisations, conform to democratic principles? Should members have the legal right to participate in a party's decision-making process? Or, at the very least, can a party be held legally accountable for failing to abide by...

Research report

8 Jul 2005

Eddo Coiacetto and Doug Baker examine the extent and nature of real estate development by local governments in Queensland, a state where private sector values are often assumed to prevail. At least a third of local governments in Queensland have developed land, often because of...

Commentary

Article

7 Jul 2005

The government has control of the Senate but not of public opinion, writes John Spoehr. So the industrial relations debate is far from over.

THERE is no evidence that Australia’s current industrial relations system is holding back the Australian economy, depressing corporate profitability or...

Research report

8 Jul 2005

Brendan Gleeson and Eddo Coiacetto review the historical and contemporary contexts for public land development in Australia, focusing on the rationale for this form of government intervention in urban and peri-urban land markets. They focus on the specific case of public land development agencies: state...

Research report

8 Jul 2005

Drawing on evidence from four schools Claire Ridgewell, Neil Sipe and Nick Buchanan find that far fewer children are cycling or walking to school than in previous generations, and that more and more are being driven to school by car. Schools in different locations have...

Commentary

Article

7 Jul 2005

Although ‘Super Choice’ arrived on 1 July, the overarching goal of superannuation is to constrain choice, says Nicholas Gruen. But there is an alternative.

IN HOMER’S Odyssey , Odysseus, sailing past the Isle of the Sirens, had himself lashed to the mast and his...

Research report

6 Jul 2005

Despite being well off by any objective standards, most Australians believe that their incomes are inadequate to meet their needs. A Newspoll survey for the Institute found that 62 per cent of Australians, including 48 per cent of the richest 20 per cent, believe that...

Research report

23 Jun 2005

On Thursday 23 June 2005, the Joint Standing Committee on National Capital and External Territories tabled its report on the inquiry into the adequacy of funding for Australia's Antarctic Program entitled Antarctica: Australia’s Pristine Frontier .

Research report

5 Jul 2005

This study of developments in education and training in Victoria since 1999 was commissioned by the Business Council of Australia, the Education Foundation and the Dusseldorp Skills Forum. Michael Long presents an overview of the policies and programs in Victoria and other states and territories,...

Research report

30 Jun 2005

The Australian Government Census of Child Care Services has been conducted regularly since 1986. The information provided in the census is the most comprehensive data available on Australian government approved and funded child care. It is used extensively for monitoring growth, operation of services and...

Research report

5 Jun 2005

This paper examines how distance and economic size influence the level of international trade. Parameters for an international gravity trade model are estimated and used to calculate annual expected aggregate trade for Australia over the last 20 years. This model also includes a new indicator...

Research report

5 Jul 2005

During the 2004 election campaign, a consensus emerged that 'aspirational' voters would play a crucial role in determining the election outcome, especially in outer metropolitan electorates, where the Howard government held eleven seats by a margin of less than six per cent. Did they? Haydon...

Research report

5 Jul 2005

In this e-brief Janet Phillips and Adrienne Millbank summarise recent developments and key issues in the debate about mandatory detention in Australia. They provide links to web sites and material covering detention policy and practice in Australia, and detention and removal policies and practices in...

Research report

5 Jul 2005

Recent years have seen many changes in international and national responses to, and legislation on, trafficking in persons. In this paper Lara Fergus reviews some of the theoretical approaches to trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation, as well as examining the current legislative, policy...

Research report

5 Jul 2005

This report examines some of the key trends in Australia's agriculture sector over the last 20 years or so. While continuing to grow in absolute terms, the size and importance of agriculture has declined relative to the rest of the economy. Within the sector, there...

Research report

4 Jul 2005

With the changeover of senators on 1 July 2005, Marian Sawer looks at democratic issues posed by government control of both houses of the Australian Parliament, particularly in relation to legislative review and executive scrutiny.

Research report

4 Jul 2005

Sandey Fitzgerald provides new evidence on when and how prisoners have been able to vote in the various Australian jurisdictions and the difficulty of regaining voting rights after sentences have been served. She also discusses the long-standing ideological divide on the issue.

Research report

1 Jul 2005

The Australian economy has had an unprecedented period of uninterrupted growth since 1992, surviving disruptions from the Asian crisis of 1997, the stock market collapse of 1999, and the war in Iraq. Some politicians and journalists argue that this surprising good run for the Australian...

Research report

1 Jul 2005

The federal government is committed to removing laws restricting the use of independent contractor arrangements. Yet many independent contractors are really dependent workers. Changing the law, then, will produce a new class of workers who are effectively employees but no longer recognised and protected as...

Journal article

1 Jul 2005

Although the internet is an important and rapidly evolving source of global health-related information, little is known about who accesses this information and how it is used. Guy W. Scott, Helen M. Scott and Terry S. Auld examine the nature of the health information sought...

Research report

1 Jul 2005

The night-time economy is a phenomenon that has begun to interest many social science researchers as a striking manifestation of the increasingly intricate and dynamic relationship between material, social and cultural economies.

Edited by David Rowe and Nathaniel Bavinton, this collection of conference papers...

Journal article

1 Jul 2005

The recognised shortages in most health professions in Australia show that previous attempts at health workforce planning have failed. Stephen J. Duckett argues that one reason for such failure is the lack of appropriate structures for health workforce planning. He makes specific policy suggestions to...

Research report

1 Jul 2005

Bill Mitchell and Anthea Bill use spatial econometric techniques to test whether there is evidence to support the hypothesis that the long-term unemployed represent a constraint on growth. They find no such evidence, which calls into question the logic of the plethora of active labour...

Commentary

Article

1 Jul 2005

Amid the vitriol there’s a potent message for Labor, according to David Burchell

IF ONLY Shakespeare had lived in the age of email. What tragic potential could he have found in our new communications technology! Farewell to the endless speeches, the literary beating...