August 2005

Report

30 Aug 2005

This report primarily presents information at the national level, and wherever possible uses existing and new data sources to reflect the diversity of the Indigenous population, including a separate chapter on Torres Strait Islander people. Also where possible, changes over time in the health and...

Report

30 Aug 2005

On 26 August 1925, in the 'bear pit' of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly in Sydney's Macquarie Street, Millicent Preston-Stanley gave the first speech made by a female Member of Parliament (MP) in this state and only the second in any Australian parliament. It...

Report

30 Aug 2005

Colleen Lewis investigates the effectiveness of attempts around Australia to increase the public accountability of the police. She highlights the complex relationship between police and government and the reduction of judicial oversight under anti-terrorism laws.

Report

26 Aug 2005

Stewart Smith provides an overview of desalination plants and technology from around the world, including case studies, in the context of current NSW government policy. He also compares and contrasts two approaches to water recycling.

Report

26 Aug 2005

In Griffith REVIEW 9 , 'Up North: Myths, Threats & Enchantment', Regina Ganter challenges the accepted views of Australian settlement by turning the map upside down. She argues that if we 'start Australian history where its documentation properly begins - in the north - the...

Report

26 Aug 2005

In the May 2005 budget the federal government announced a range of proposed welfare to work measures, including the plan to shift sole parents with a youngest child aged six years or more onto the Newstart Allowance. This report shows that the disposable incomes of...

Report

26 Aug 2005

if we refuse to discuss torture, then we lose the opportunity to publicly explain the reasons why torture is so objectionable, argues Ben Saul. Torture irreparably damages human dignity, devalues human life, and corrupts the institutions of our democracy.

Report

25 Aug 2005

Robert Drago, David Black and Mark Wooden tested alternative hypotheses for the causes of long working hours, using data for an Australian sample of full-time employed workers. The results suggest that long hours (50 or more hours in a usual week) are often persistent, and...

Other text

24 Aug 2005

This report summarises the submissions received by DCITA in relation to two discussion papers released in February 2005: The role of ICT in building social capital and communities and ICT transforming the nonprofit sector. Thirty-five submissions were received from nonprofit organisations, government departments, individuals and...

Report

25 Aug 2005

This report presents detailed projections of cancer incidence for major cancers. It provides projections of both incidence rates and expected numbers of new cases by age and sex for 60 cancers and groups of cancers. The projections in this report are based on trends in...

Report

25 Aug 2005

This report provides information on the oral health and use of dental services among migrants in Australia. Data on tooth loss, dental visiting patterns, treatment received, affordability of dental care and the impacts of oral health on lifestyle are presented. Also in this series are...

Report

25 Aug 2005

Chronic respiratory diseases, such as asthma and emphysema, are very prevalent in Australia. They disrupt the daily life and productivity of many individuals and lead to thousands of deaths each year. Many of these diseases are largely preventable and manageable. This report brings together data...

Report

24 Aug 2005

This report summarises the submissions received by DCITA in relation to two discussion papers released in February 2005: The role of ICT in building social capital and communities and ICT transforming the nonprofit sector. Thirty-five submissions were received from nonprofit organisations, government departments, individuals and...

Report

24 Aug 2005

This report examines productivity growth between 1984-85 and 2001-02 in market-oriented service industries. It presents strong indications that the main driver of productivity growth in these sectors has been the rapid progress in information and communications technologies.

Released August 2005

Report

12 Aug 2005

This report provides the findings of research into the different services and operations of over 260 community radio stations across Australia. It includes information on programming, program sources, music genres, numbers of staff, volunteers, subscribers, income and expenditure, broken down by station category and location....

Report

24 Aug 2005

Settling refugees in country towns is not the answer to dwindling regional populations unless support services are improved, according to Janet Taylor and Dayane Stanovic. In this report they look at the settlement experiences of two recent refugee groups (Iraqi and Sudanese) in the Victorian...

Report

24 Aug 2005

Not only this, but cuts in marginal tax rates induce people to work harder in situations where they have an effective choice between work and leisure hours. Davidson shows that the highest earners in Australia already pay much more than their 'share' of charitable donations,...

Report

24 Aug 2005

Brendan Gleeson reflects critically on the 'new urbanism' and sketches a possible alternative based upon a renewed and transformed version of the traditional approach to Australian suburban development.

Report

23 Aug 2005

Richard Engstrom provides a comparative analysis of the methods used to determine electoral boundaries in the United States and Australia. This paper provides an insight into the largely partisan nature of redistribution ('redistricting') in the US and highlights the benefits of the more independent nature...

Report

23 Aug 2005

The common law assumes that private individuals only take court action to protect their private interests. The common law also assumes that the only party who approaches the courts to uphold the public interest is the Attorney-General. Both these assumptions are now outdated and wrong,...

Report

23 Aug 2005

Bill Randolph and Helen Wood examine this innovative project, which provides accommodation and life-skills and training opportunities for young people in vulnerable housing situations. In general, the evidence from this interim evaluation suggests that the management and staff have done an excellent job in setting...

Journal article

23 Aug 2005

Recent increases in the bulk-billing rate have been taken as an indication that the federal government's Strengthening Medicare initiative, and particularly the bulk-billing incentives, are working. Given the enduring geographic differences in the supply of general practitioners, Susan E. Day, Katrina Alford, David Dunt, Stuart...

Report

23 Aug 2005

Andrew Beer, Paul Delfabbro, Susan Oakley, Fiona Verity, Kristin Natalier, Jasmin Packer and Alice Bass presents the outcomes of a research into models of good practice in meeting the needs of homeless young people in rural areas of Australia. They show that young people living...

Report

23 Aug 2005

This is the fourth bulletin in the series of annual bulletins on the Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services National Minimum Data Set (AODTS-NMDS). The AODTS-NMDS aims to provide ongoing information on the demographics of clients who use these services, the treatment they receive and...

Report

23 Aug 2005

In a speech to the Leading Lifelong Learning conference Jack Dusseldorp responds to the major challenge in education today: what is required to really focus on the needs of learners.

Report

22 Aug 2005

Indigenous peoples are increasingly frustrated by the lack of effective remedy in international human rights law and the convenience of the rhetoric of state sovereignty in relation to human rights as opposed to trade. Nascent Indigenous engagement with international trade fora such as the WTO...

Report

22 Aug 2005

Successive Australian federal governments have used public money to fund organisations whose brief is to manipulate the media to partisan advantage. Of course, propaganda has always been a central element of representative politics, so does it really matter, asks Damien Cahill.

Report

22 Aug 2005

Based on studies and interviews completed in all Victorian universities, this report provides an overview of themes and lessons arising from the recent experience of community engagement strategies being developed by universities in Victoria.

Report

22 Aug 2005

Sally Young assesses propaganda theory in relation to the current debate on the use and possible misuse of government advertising by incumbent Coalition and Labor parties. In particular, Young comments on the relationship between governments, as major advertisers, and the editorial content of media outlets....

Conference paper

19 Aug 2005

The education community could benefit from learning to use data about student performance more effectively to support both student and teacher learning, according to Ken Rowe. Successful learning support depends on the extent to which schools are provided with an opportunity to claim 'ownership' and...

Report

19 Aug 2005

The debate on the availability and regulation of abortion services can at times be extremely divisive, yet surveys have found that the majority of Australians are fairly moderate in their view of how accessible the procedure should be. Whilst this paper by Talina Drabsch highlights...

Report

19 Aug 2005

ACER's Research Conference 2005 brought together key researchers, policy makers and teachers from a broad range of educational contexts from around Australia and overseas.The full conference proceedings containing all papers/abstracts and the conference program can be downloaded.

Report

18 Aug 2005

The Senate Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade Legislation Committee devoted much of its examination during the budget estimates hearings in May 2004 to the matter of the duties of Australian personnel in Iraq particularly with regard to the treatment of Iraqi detainees. Since then, the...

Report

19 Aug 2005

The mark of a school's success is how effectively it causes growth for students and not just how many students it helps over a particular 'proficiency hurdle,' according to Gage Kingsbury. Professor Kingsbury is critical of the approaches taken by systems such as the US...

Report

18 Apr 2005

Online child pornography is an unintended aspect of the widespread adoption of information and communications technologies. Tony Krone looks at 31 well-publicised operations and considers the law enforcement implications of these for future operations. The paper starts to fill a significant gap in our understanding...

Report

18 Aug 2005

This booklet provides details of ten medical research projects conducted in Australia in recent years covering leukaemia, asthma, multiple sclerosis, diabetes and heart disease.

Released August 2005

Report

18 Aug 2005

In Griffith REVIEW 9, 'Up North: Myths, Threats & Enchantment', Michael Wesley analyses the genesis of Prime Minister Howard's foreign policy ideas and finds that his attitudes, pragramatic engagement and respect for cultural difference are a product of his youth - especially his Methodist upbringing...

Report

18 Aug 2005

While it has been estimated that body image dissatisfaction can result in extreme dieting and eating disorders in between 2 and 4 per cent of the population, it affects a far greater proportion of young people at a dangerous yet less acute level. The committee...

Report

17 Aug 2005

This inquiry was undertaken following the 2004 re-election of the Coalition government, and a stated commitment in its election policy to protect and support independent contractors. The committee was mindful of this background to ensure that views were sought and considered from state and territory...

Report

18 Aug 2005

Underground banking, where money is transferred through informal rather than formal banking sectors, is a recognised method by which legitimate remittances from overseas workers are routinely transferred. However, underground banking has also long been regarded as a conduit for money laundering by criminal organisations and...

Report

18 Aug 2005

Investigations into the possession of online child sexual abuse images reveal enormous variety in the types of images collected by adults with a sexual interest in children, illustrating that the concept is broad, changeable and, at the margins, elusive. The use of criminal law to...

Report

16 Aug 2005

In this revised research brief Gerard Newman discusses the 141 by-elections for the House of Representatives since Federation, including the most recent for the New South Wales division of Werriwa. Appendices give a full set of by-election figures.

Report

17 Aug 2005

This study was the first time Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the ACT and region had the chance to tell their own stories about their experiences with illegal (and legal) drugs. The aim of the research was to record their stories, so that...

Report

17 Aug 2005

Australia's alliance with the United States has never been stronger. This has given rise to a sometimes heated debate in Australia over the degree to which ever-closer relations with our 'great and powerful friend' erodes the independent discretion available to the Australian government.

This...

Report

16 Aug 2005

Recent drought conditions have raised our awareness that present demands on Australian water utilities are heavy and set to intensify. Indeed, water and wastewater sectors are amongst the fastest growing utility sectors. As part of integrated water cycle management, realising the potential of water recycling...

Report

17 Aug 2005

Deb Wilkinson and Andrew Macintosh consider the effectiveness and propriety of the Howard government's administration of the new federal heritage regime. In particular, they examine the way in which the government dealt with the nomination to include Sir Donald Bradman's birthplace on the National Heritage...

Report

15 Aug 2005

Asthma is an important health problem in Australia. This report brings together data from a wide range of sources to describe the current status of Asthma in Australia. It includes information on the number of people who have asthma, who receive various treatments for asthma,...

Report

15 Aug 2005

Victor Callan and John Gardner examine links between prisoners' participation in the vocational education and training (VET) programs available within the Queensland prison system and their chances of returning to prison. The findings reveal that being involved in VET before initial release decreases the chances...

Report

15 Aug 2005

Kate Flamsteed and Barry Golding explore the ways in which Indigenous Australians are learning through enterprise and small business development. They reveal that this learning will be more effective if it takes into account that Indigenous experience differs by location, with remote areas offering a...

Commentary

Article

11 Aug 2005

There’s no justification for taxpayer dollars being used to fund party political activity by governments, argues Greg Barns

THE NEXT TIME you ring your local federal member of parliament’s office to talk about an issue of concern to you, consider this. Your name,...

Report

12 Aug 2005

The recent drought has focused attention on government assistance schemes for primary producers. John Wilkinson examines the emergence of government assistance and how political attitudes towards it have changed during the twentieth century. He also looks at what schemes of assistance are currently available for...

Report

10 Aug 2005

In June 2003, the committee decided to conduct an inquiry into trafficking of women for sexual servitude, with the committee tabling its report in June 2004. During the course of that inquiry the government introduced a National Action Plan to combat the trade, which included...

Report

10 Aug 2005

The committee was asked to examine whether the current telecommunications regulatory regime promotes competition, encourages investment in the sector and protects consumers to the fullest extent practicable, and to make recommendations for legislative amendments to rectify any identified weaknesses.

Commentary

Article

12 Aug 2005

Community and Local Governance in Australia edited by Paul Smyth, Tim Reddel and Andrew Jones UNSW Press, April 2005, 232 pp, $39.95

Reviewed by Liza Hopkins

THE APPEARANCE of a book examining the themes of community building and local governance is indeed timely,...

Report

11 Aug 2005

The federal government plans to repeal the Workplace Relations Act either in part or in full, replacing key sections with either new or minimal prescriptions, possibly introducing ancillary legislation to the Act. This chronology, prepared by Stephen O'Neill, Indra Kuruppu and Barbara Harris, provides key...

Report

11 Aug 2005

This year's federal budget was about laying the foundations for sustained prosperity in the Australia in the face of an ageing population. So, more than ever, it's important that every defence dollar is spent to best effect. With this in mind, this report aims to...

Conference paper

11 Aug 2005

Same sex marriage is one of the most controversial human rights issues in the developed world. At a public forum held in May 2005 presenters discussed a range of issues including the legal implications of same sex marriage, recent legal developments in Australia and overseas...

Report

11 Aug 2005

Australia does not have one unified system, but rather eight different child protection systems. This paper provides a national snapshot of Australian statutory child protection services.

Topics covered include: who is responsible for child protection; intake procedures; who notifies concerns to child protection services;...

Report

11 Aug 2005

In this report Sara Charlesworth, Philippa Hall and Belinda Probert look at what motivates 'best practice' organisations to take action around equal employment opportunity for women and how they implement, monitor and sustain such 'EEO/diversity action' over time.

This project used a case-study approach...

Report

11 Aug 2005

In police services, both in Australia and internationally, attention has been focused on increasing the representation of women. The availability of part-time work has been identified as a key mechanism to retain women who have been recruited. To date however the take-up of part-time work...

Report

11 Aug 2005

What is it that makes some schools, programs or districts different? Is it the teachers? The students? The philosophy? The resourcing? This series of case studies delves deeper to understand why it is that some young people will thrive in a particular program, how a...

Report

10 Aug 2005

Australians have always been enchanted and threatened by the north, argues editor Julianne Schultz in her introduction to Griffith REVIEW 9 , Up North: Myths, Threats & Enchantment. 'Our imaginative sense of the north is a complicated one: full of contradictions and a fascination tinged...

Report

10 Aug 2005

Since the late 1980s income contingent loans have been adopted in, or recommended for, a significant and growing number of countries. Looking at countries with both successful and unsuccessful schemes, Bruce Chapman shows that the operational and design features of such schemes are of fundamental...

Discussion paper

10 Aug 2005

Who records the largest drops in life satisfaction when they move into unemployment? Using an Australian panel data-set (HILDA, the Household Income and Labour Dynamics Survey of Australia), Nick Carroll finds that the unemployed in Australia report lower life satisfaction than observationally equivalent employed people...

Report

10 Aug 2005

Indigenous Australians are much less likely to finish high school, and for those that do, less likely go on to university or other studies. Nicholas Biddle looks at the relationship between education and health for Indigenous Australians, comparing it to similar associations for the non-Indigenous...

Report

10 Aug 2005

Perhaps no regime cares so little for its international reputation that it would defend the indefensible, so it is surprising that some academics have suggested that Australian authorities consider using torture. In these circumstances, it is important to reaffirm why torture should be universally proscribed,...

Discussion paper

2 Aug 2005

At a meeting of the Standing Committee of Attorneys-General in August 2003, ministers agreed that all state and territory officers would work in consultation to develop options for reform to address the issue of unauthorised publication of photographs being made available on websites, including ancillary...

Report

9 Aug 2005

This discussion draft presents the initial findings of the commissioned study, Consumer Product Safety. Comments on the draft are invited.

Released 9 August 2005

Report

9 Aug 2005

This report presents data on services provided or funded by governments under the Commonwealth State/Territory Disability Agreement, and the people accessing these services between 1 July 2003 and 30 June 2004. It presents a range of data relating to service users, their characteristics, their informal...

Report

9 Aug 2005

During the 2004 election campaign the Howard government announced that it would introduce a 30 per cent Child Care Tax Rebate (CCTR) for out-of-pocket child care costs. The legislation that will enable the introduction of the CCTR was introduced in to federal parliament in late...

Commentary

4 Aug 2005

John Quiggin doubts whether further privatisation of Telstra will benefit taxpayers

THE RECENT Queensland Nationals conference has raised the bar for the privatisation of Telstra, demanding that up to $5 billion of the proceeds be allocated directly to rural users. On Tuesday, Telstra chief...

Report

4 Aug 2005

Peter Saunders reflects on the changing nature of Australian social policy research, including its relationship with other academic disciplines. He also explores how the funding of research affects its content, dissemination and impact on debate and policy. He explores the nature and contribution of Australian...

Commentary

Article

4 Aug 2005

Labor needs some conviction politics, writes Nicholas Gruen

PITY the conviction politician. As Machiavelli said half a millenium ago, help people and they’ll take it for granted; hurt them and they’ll remember. Or as an old boss of mine, Senator Button, used to say...

Report

3 Aug 2005

In this paper Larissa Behrendt argues that the ideologies of 'mainstreaming' and 'assimilation' have failed in the past to shift the poorer health, lower levels of education, higher levels of unemployment and poorer standard of housing that Aboriginal communities have experienced. In addressing key parts...

Report

3 Aug 2005

Writing in newmatilda.com.au , Stephen Leeder argues that there is no true political leadership concerning health care in Australia. Yet, he says, it would cost the Labor Party little to start thinking and talking about a way to retrieve Australian health care from its currently...

Report

1 Aug 2005

Denise Meredyth, Liza Hopkins and Scott Ewing summarise a four year study of the effects on 800 low-income and multiethnic households of access to free networked computers, training and information resources. Patterns of use show that the benefits of the wired community initiative include the...

Report

1 Aug 2005

Indigenous leaders have described the federal government's new approach to Indigenous policy as a return to assimilation, as blackmail, and as a form of social engineering. Others have heralded it as a much needed new direction in Indigenous affairs. Ruth McCausland examines the government's Indigenous...

Report

1 Aug 2005

This report provides a comprehensive summary of major drug use statistical collections, with references to sources of more detailed information. Data are presented on patterns of drug use (including trends and characteristics of substance users), international comparisons, drugs and health, special population groups, crime and...

Report

1 Aug 2005

Tertiary study is a largely positive experience for the vast majority of first year students, according to this report. A large majority of students reported that they liked being a student (94 per cent), tertiary student life suited them (87 per cent), they enjoyed the...