September 2005

Commentary

Article

29 Sep 2005

Older Australians are increasingly looking for flexibility rather than stability in their housing options, writes Diana Olsberg

AUSTRALIA’s population is ageing because of the combined effects of increased longevity and decreased fertility. These demographic changes are producing entirely unprecedented economic, social and political...

Research report

28 Sep 2005

This report is based on a comparative analysis of primary school curricula in the areas of mathematics, science and English (the intended curriculum) across all Australian education systems as well as a selected number of overseas countries to identify the characteristics of those education systems...

Research report

29 Sep 2005

There are considerable pressures on Australia's health workforce - as evidenced by shortages of supply in some professions, particularly (but not only) outside the major population centres, and a significant reliance on overseas trained professionals. In the future, ageing of the population will compound the...

Research report

29 Sep 2005

This report is based on the 2004 DEST project, High Demand Government Schools, which was prompted by the Department's priority policy interest in quality schooling and 'choices in schooling'. Twenty government schools for which there was high demand for enrolments were selected from across Australia,...

Research report

29 Sep 2005

Sue Thomson shows that subject choice has a major influence on the educational and career options open to Year 12 students after finishing school.

Although most students make a successful transition to tertiary study or work, some parts of the Year 12 curriculum act...

Research report

29 Sep 2005

Recent violent radicalism in Indonesia is seen by many as a relatively recent phenomenon, but a closer look at modern Indonesian history shows the inaccuracy of this view. Terrorism might be a global issue but for Australia the threat is inextricably tied up with the...

Research report

29 Sep 2005

In 2003-04, it is estimated that 33 per cent of the 100,200 clients accessing the Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP), were women escaping domestic violence. Two-thirds of the 52,700 accompanying children in SAAP were children who accompanied a female parent or guardian escaping domestic violence....

Research report

29 Sep 2005

There are considerable pressures on Australia’s health workforce - as evidenced by shortages of supply in some professions, particularly (but not only) outside the major population centres, and a significant reliance on overseas trained professionals. In the future, ageing of the population will compound the...

Research report

19 Sep 2005

This report details the deployment of broadband services throughout Australia as at 30 June 2005. The report is based on data provided by the major carriers of broadband services. The report includes aggregated data in relation to the availability of broadband services and gives estimated...

Research report

27 Sep 2005

Francesca Beddie, Barb Lorey and Barbara Pamphilon investigate learning and career development services for adults, particularly those who are in some way disengaged from the labour market or educational systems. They consider whether a single career development service model could be broadly applied. The study...

Research report

27 Sep 2005

This report investigates factors that influence the decision-making process of applicants and the outcomes of post-school applications using the 2001 Survey of Education, Training and Information Technology.

They find that inability to obtain any place at a university or vocational education and training institute...

Research report

27 Sep 2005

The trend of declining labour force participation by older working-age men, combined with an ageing population, has led many industrialised nations to develop policies encouraging older male workers to remain in the labour force. A better understanding of how an individual's health influences the labour...

Research report

27 Sep 2005

This initiative aims to improve housing stability and community participation for people with mental illness through community based accommodation and coordinated support services.

Stage one provides accommodation support places to over 100 people with complex mental health problems and high levels of psychiatric disability;...

Research report

27 Sep 2005

Low density suburban development and excessive use of automobiles are associated with serious urban and environmental problems. In this study Tan Yigitcanlar, Jago Dodson, Brendan Gleeson and Neil Sipe develop new approaches for assessing the containment of travel within planned development. Their key aim is...

Commentary

Article

26 Sep 2005

Troubled Waters: Borders, Boundaries and Possession in the Timor Sea by Ruth Balint Allen & Unwin, 2005, 188 pages, $24.95

Reviewed by Peter Mares

IF YOU drive a BMW, then spare a thought for the trochus fishermen of Rote. Chances are...

Research report

26 Sep 2005

Frank Morgan responds to a recent speech by Senator Helen Coonan, Federal Minister for Communications, on proposals to change Australia's media ownership laws. He discusses how new technology has changed the way we receive and digest news and information.

Commentary

Article

26 Sep 2005

The government’s latest proposals attack the values we are seeking to defend, argues George Williams

THIS week a special meeting of the Council of Australian Governments will examine Prime Minister John Howard’s proposals to further strengthen our counter-terrorism laws. At stake is a...

Research report

26 Sep 2005

Mark Byrne examines the experience of transitional justice processes in South Africa and East Timor. He asks what lessons might there be from the truth commissions in these countries for reconciliation within Australia. He argues that to see ourselves as we have seen South Africa...

Research report

26 Sep 2005

Leslie Nielson provides a simple, easy to use summary of superannuation taxation and preservation rules. Matters addressed include the taxation of superannuation contributions and benefits, the level of superannuation contributions that employers must make, taxation of superannuation fund earnings, rebates, preservation rules, the application of...

Discussion paper

26 Sep 2005

Mike Berry summarises the housing affordability picture and the forces driving the recent housing boom. He then addresses the policy challenge and looks at the way forward. He stresses that in order to make substantial advances in reducing housing stress related to declining affordability for...

Research report

23 Sep 2005

Remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities are demanding education that will lead to productive employment opportunities with mainstream earnings, decent health outcomes, decent housing and the same security that other Australians enjoy. Helen Hughes argues that reforming separatist policies that have resulted in Indigenous...

Research report

23 Sep 2005

Forty eight refereed (8408) and non-refereed (8408) papers from this recent conference are available online. The major themes of the conference were: economic diversity and the changing nature of rural communities; population trends and the implications for infrastructure, social and economic development, and land and...

Research report

20 Sep 2005

Advances in medical technology have brought large benefits but have also been a major driver of increased health spending in recent years. Overall, this report concludes that advances in medical technology arguably have provided value for money -- particularly as people highly value improvements in...

Research report

23 Sep 2005

This symposium includes Why the States Matter in Industrial Relations (126) by Marian Baird, Bradon Ellem, and Chris F. Wright, The Encroaching Federal Industrial Relations System (39) by David Chin, Setting the Pace: The NSW Jurisdiction Before 1981 (37) by Greg Patmore, Balancing Fairness and...

Research report

23 Sep 2005

Studies of web use during elections have focused mainly on the content of websites and the major factors driving parties and candidates' adoption of the technology. Evaluation of the electoral impact of web campaigns have been more limited. This study addresses this question using the...

Research report

23 Sep 2005

This Policy research paper is the first study based on Australian data on the labour supply behaviour of households in relation to child care. The research demonstrates that assistance with the cost of child care is very important in promoting choice for women to participate...

Research report

22 Sep 2005

Adrienne Blunt provides links to web-based information and full-text articles relevant to selected countries having national elections in 2005. This document covers all elections held in the Pacific region; coverage is selective for Asia, Europe and the Middle East. Elections may be presidential or parliamentary....

Research report

22 Sep 2005

With the upcoming retirement of Justice Michael McHugh from the High Court, Andrew Lynch discusses his contribution, looks at how his absence will be felt and comments on the future of the bench.

This article was written before the federal government appointed Justice...

Research report

22 Sep 2005

There has been escalating media coverage of the view that Indigenous economic disadvantage and housing and infrastructure shortages are linked to communal title to land resulting from land rights and native title. Jon Altman, Craig Linkhorn and Jennifer Clarke challenge the view that privatising or...

Discussion paper

22 Sep 2005

The Discussion Paper has been prepared by the State Government to encourage Victorians to contribute to improving safety for young drivers.

...

Commentary

Article

21 Sep 2005

Ben Saul assesses the federal government’s proposed counter-terrorism laws.

THE July bombings in London again exposed the vulnerability of liberal democracies to terrorism, and quite properly motivated political leaders to reconsider Australia’s security.

Appropriate proposals

Some of the...

Research report

20 Sep 2005

Simon Rice examines the very different levels of protection against hate speech that exist in different Australian jurisdictions. He highlights Australia's unfulfilled international obligation to legislate against religious vilification and the interesting stance adopted by the NSW government on the subject.

Research report

19 Sep 2005

Migrants face special challenges in a new country, especially if their language, skin colour, religion or cultural practices set them apart. To assess the experiences of crime among migrants, the Australian component of the 2004 International Crime Victimisation Survey sampled migrants who were born or...

Research report

19 Sep 2005

A Picture of Australia's Children presents the latest available data on key national indicators of health, development and wellbeing of Australian children aged 0-14 years. This summary booklet takes selected key national indicators and summarises the findings from the report in an abbreviated format....

Research report

15 Sep 2005

This report is the second report arising out of a reference on protection visas and deportation referred by the Senate to this committee. This second report considers the removal, search for and discovery of Ms Vivian Solon.

The committee did not have the opportunity...

Research report

16 Sep 2005

Teacher education is high on the political agenda in Australia, with several parliamentary inquiries on the topic underway at federal and state levels. Drawing on a survey of all Victorian teachers who graduated from teacher education programs in 2002, Lawrence Ingvarson looks at how well...

Commentary

Article

15 Sep 2005

Proposed laws on strikes and lockouts tip the playing field further against employees, argues Chris Briggs

STRIKES are a soft target for governments nowadays. Just 2 to 3 per cent of workers are involved in a strike annually compared to a third...

Research report

15 Sep 2005

Terry Burke, Caroline Neske and Liss Ralston surveyed two groups of low-income households: those who had applied for public housing and those who had not, to examine the characteristics of these two groups and the reasons for their housing decisions.

Research report

15 Sep 2005

Andrew Beer and Paul Foley interviewed 434 refugees (permanent protection visa and temporary protection visa holders) about how they navigated the housing market and the impediments they encountered; the use of government and non-government services; and the risk and experience of homelessness.

Research report

14 Sep 2005

The introduction of Medical Benefits Scheme item numbers to reimburse health assessments (HAs) represented a major shift in support for access to health promotion and preventive care in primary care settings. HA items were introduced in 1999 for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged...

Research report

14 Sep 2005

Among the measures announced in the 2005 federal budget was a requirement that people with disabilities who apply for income support after 1 July 2006 and who can work between 15 and 29 hours a week at award wages will be placed on Newstart Allowance...

Research report

14 Sep 2005

Expanding on the issue of protection of journalists' sources, Helen Ester looks at a range of factors affecting the Press Gallery's role in public accountability. These include not only government pursuit of whistleblowers but also a weak freedom of information regime making journalists overly dependent...

Research report

14 Sep 2005

Within TAFE institutes, in which the teaching workforce is older than the overall national labour force, the imminent departure of many teachers endangers its prime asset - its skill and knowledge base. Berwyn Clayton, Thea Fisher and Elvie Hughes examine the approaches managers and leaders...

Research report

14 Sep 2005

The number of apprentices and trainees commencing training continues to grow, according to the seasonally adjusted figures in this report. This data shows that commencements in the March 2005 quarter totalled 69,100, compared with 62,300 for the March 2004 quarter. Commencements in traditional apprenticeships increased...

Commentary

Article

12 Sep 2005

Overtly Christian parties might be polling modestly, but their influence is broader, writes Marion Maddox

THE WOMEN wear headscarves in public. Their religion opposes assimilation, and they educate children at home or in special schools. Fearing the taint of the godless, they...

Commentary

Article

13 Sep 2005

Have Australians become more conservative over the past decade? Rachel Gibson, Shaun Wilson, Gabrielle Meagher, David Denemark and Mark Western, the editors of Australian Social Attitudes: The First Report , outline their sometimes surprising findings.

AUSTRALIANS and their policy-makers demand sophisticated insights...

Report

12 Sep 2005

On 14-16 September 2005, more than 170 heads of state and government will gather at the United Nations in New York for the 2005 World Summit. Leaders will review progress made since the UN Millennium Declaration adopted by all member states in 2000.

The...

Research report

12 Sep 2005

"Australia, like other countries around the world, is facing an immense challenge - to create sustainable cities for the future," writes the committee. "As one of the most urbanised countries in the world, with water shortages, transport congestion and high energy demands, Australia must take...

Research report

12 Sep 2005

In 1997, the Australian Government initiated a high-level bilateral dialogue on human rights with China. Similar formal talks commenced with Vietnam in May 2002 and with Iran in December 2002.

The aim of the dialogues is to hold frank and constructive discussions to demonstrate...

Research report

12 Sep 2005

In this e-brief Sue Harris-Rimmer summarises recent developments and key issues in legal debates about refugee and immigration law in Australia. She provides links to web sites and material covering reports, case law, inquiries and legislation.

Research report

9 Sep 2005

As part of its planned humanitarian program, the government allocates places each year to refugees and others with humanitarian needs. This year's humanitarian program allocated 13,000 places for 2005-06, including 6000 places for the resettlement of refugees and 7000 places for the Special Humanitarian Program...

Research report

11 Sep 2005

The organisational culture within Australia's Department of Immigration appears to have little regard for human rights. But Tom Davis, an ex-insider writing in Eureka Street , says it didn't have to be that way.

Research report

9 Sep 2005

This paper is part of the development of the the federal government's new Research Quality Framework (RQF) and outlines possible approaches to assessing the quality and impact of original research in Australia. The features of assessment described in the paper reflect a desire, according to...

Research report

9 Sep 2005

Antony Green provides data on the causes of by-elections, the periods for which seats have been left vacant, as well as the swings recorded at by-elections, drawing on a database of election results currently being prepared as part of the Sesquicentenary celebrations for the New...

Research report

9 Sep 2005

Too much talk about tax reform in Australia focuses on just one small headline-grabbing aspect: the cutting of personal tax rates. What about the on-going and increasingly abusive tax avoidance and evasion that is undermining of the integrity of the tax system, asks Chris Evans....

Research report

8 Sep 2005

This paper explains the impact of the commonwealth government's welfare to work proposals on single parents. Depending upon the level of any earned or other private income, they estimate that a sole parent's incomes will fall by up to about $100 a week immediately after...

Research report

8 Sep 2005

Diannah Lowry and Megan Moskos report on a study exploring the impact of the workplace mobile phone in a selection of Australian workplaces. This study involved interviews with 20 workers from different occupational and organisational settings. A consistent theme was the notion of the work...

Research report

8 Sep 2005

Paul Henman provides an overview of Australian research on the costs of children, and the relative merits of the different methodological approaches to estimating these costs. Using the budget standards methodology, he reports the costs of children in couple households, in sole parent households, and...

Research report

7 Sep 2005

Vivienne Milligan presents the views of national and international housing experts and stakeholders on ways to address the mounting housing affordability challenges that we face in Australia, as a result of the interaction of demographic shifts in our population structure and major economic, social and...

Research report

7 Sep 2005

Stephen McKenzie explores current and potential relationships between religious belief, global ethics and social sustainability. He argues that work towards achieving sustainability (theoretical and active) must begin to take into account that the majority of the world's population are adherents to a religious belief of...

Research report

5 Sep 2005

This report covers the following inquiries:

* Review of listing of Hizballah External Security Organisation as a Terrorist Organisation under the Criminal Code Amendment Act 1995 * Review of listing of Hamas Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades as a Terrorist Organisation under the Criminal Code...

Research report

6 Sep 2005

Accusations about cost-shifting are a constant in debates about the Australian healthcare system. in this research note Luke Buckmaster and Angela Pratt provide an overview of the health cost-shifting debate in Australia. They examine the complex division of responsibilities for health care, discuss areas in...

Research report

6 Sep 2005

The outcome of the 2005 Northern Territory Legislative Assembly election stunned even the incumbent NT Chief Minister and leader of the Australian Labor Party. This was Labor's first re-election campaign since it ousted the Country Liberal Party in 2001. Fiona Childs provides an overview of...

Research report

5 Sep 2005

Draft food labelling rules were released by Food Standards Australia New Zealand on 12 August 2005 amid calls for mandatory country of origin labelling. The role of labels in marketing origin-based agricultural products is becoming increasingly important as the major food retailers and food outlets...

Research report

6 Sep 2005

This report analyses the way the Internet might evolve from the perspective of its end-users. Trevor Barr, Alex Burns, Darren Sharp and contributors explore future possibilities for Australia in open source and social network technologies, eHealth, digital games, voice applications and mobiles.

They identify...

Research report

6 Sep 2005

This bulletin presents information on the incidence, prevalence and trends for three of the major chronic diseases among children - asthma, diabetes and cancer. In addition, information about problems managed by general practitioners is presented, as well as a summary of hospitalisations and deaths for...

Research report

4 Sep 2005

A certain European entrepreneur working in the IT sector made his fortune selling an instant transcription service over the internet, claiming he was using state of the art voice recognition software. In an Indian sweatshop, people typed away... What was that about the New Economy,...

Research report

4 Sep 2005

Ruth McCausland examines shared responsibility agreements and considers whether in practice they are practical reconciliation or paternalistic rhetoric in the Indigenous Law Bulletin .

Research report

1 Sep 2005

This study by Howard Partners finds that ICT is pervasive throughout the manufacturing value chain and has significantly improved the competitiveness of Australia's manufacturing industry. Manufacturing companies are developing ICT in Australia and bundling it with other products. They are using ICT to create innovative...

Research report

4 Sep 2005

Megan Davis writes about the new United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues in the Indigenous Law Bulletin , and asks whether it is relevant to Indigenous Australians.

Research report

2 Sep 2005

Siek Toon Khoo and John Ainley examine how attitudes influence decisions to continue with school and education beyond school. Using data from 13,600 young people who were sampled when they were in Year 9 of school in 1995 and whose educational and occupational activities have...

Research report

1 Sep 2005

This edition of the Economic Roundup contains the following articles in PDF and RTF formats:

* Fiscal Sustainabiltiy and Prefunding * Health Promotion * Net tax thresholds for Australian families * Tax system complexity and compliance costs - some theoretical considerations * Key themes...

Transcript

26 Aug 2005

We are at a point in time where technological change and convergence could once again change the way consumers access news, information and entertainment, argues the ACCC chair, Graeme Samuel, in this address to the Melbourne Press Club Journalism 2005 Conference.

Released 26...

Research report

1 Sep 2005

Will Sanders argues that the housing tenure system in more densely settled Australia, dominated by home ownership, does not fully penetrate to remote areas for either Indigenous or other households. He suggests that the policy goal of promoting home ownership in remote Aboriginal communities is...

Research report

1 Sep 2005

This study shows that gains have been made in improving access outcomes in mainstream public housing for Indigenous people in housing need. The high levels of continuing unmet housing need in the Indigenous population indicate, however, that more needs to be done. We also need...

Research report

1 Sep 2005

The Australian health system has been the subject of multiple reviews and reorganisations over the last twenty years or more, and the year 2004-05 was no different. Mark Rix, Alan Owen and Kathy Eagar review the reforms, (re)structures and governance arrangements in place at both...

Research report

31 Aug 2005

On 22 July 2005, the Migration Amendment Regulations 2005 came into force, prescribing a number of islands as 'excised offshore places'. Moira Coombs describes the excision process and its legal implications, and provides a map showing excised areas and a chronology of related events.

Research report

30 Aug 2005

While the calling of an election is partly a matter of political judgement and timing, a constitutional and legislative framework governs the electoral timetables and processes. Rob Lundie outlines the factors governing the dates of the next elections in each state and federally.

Research report

1 Sep 2005

Elizabeth Evatt provides a synoptic overview of the varying degrees to which Australian governments have signed up to and implemented international human rights treaties. She identifies a range of issues arising from failure to respect the views and findings of independent treaty bodies, turning the...

Research report

1 Sep 2005

Peter Smith and Jennifer Dalton provide practical tips on how to identify students' learning styles, and how to respond to individuals and groups based on their preferred methods of learning. They argue that there is no 'best' theory of learning styles; however, understanding learning styles...

Research report

1 Sep 2005

The federal government plans to introduce 'voluntary student unionism' into Australia's universities by banning the current compulsory fee for non-academic services. This paper argues that market-based policies offer a practical alternative to the current VSU policy and the non-political services fee suggested by the ALP...

Research report

30 Aug 2005

This parliamentary committee report examines changes to post school programs for young adults with a disability. The inquiry resulted from the decision to end the ATLAS post school program and replace it with two new programs, Community Participation and Transition to Work. Due to the...