October 2005

Report

28 Oct 2005

As part of a raft of proposed new counter-terrorism measures, the prime minister announced that the government planned to develop a National Code of Practice for CCTV Systems. The Council of Australian Governments agreed that all governments would conduct a review of 'the functionality, location,...

Strategy

27 Oct 2005

Australia’s country report for the Pandemic Flu Conference, Ottawa, prepared by Tony Abbott, Minister for Health and Ageing.

Commentary

Article

27 Oct 2005

The evidence that private practitioners have disengaged from legal aid work clearly demonstrates that labour markets for legal aid in Australia have changed since 1990. Don Fleming and Ann Daly look at the factors contributing to this shift.

Released 6 October 2005

Survey

27 Oct 2005

Over the past few years, household borrowing against the stock of housing has increased by more than household spending on new housing and renovations. As a result, the household sector has effectively extracted equity from the housing stock, though the net amount withdrawn has recently...

Report

10 Oct 2005

Curbing the spread of weapons of mass destruction is one of the greatest security challenges facing the international community today. This paper highlights the extent and nature of the contemporary threat posed by WMD and Australia's multidimensional strategy to address that threat.

Report

21 Oct 2005

The pursuit of energy efficiency would also seem to be in the interests of any rational producer or consumer, firm or household. Yet the issue at the heart of this inquiry is why producers and consumers do not always seek greater energy efficiency, even when...

Commentary

Article

27 Oct 2005

The political process is being used to wage a civil war in Iraq, writes Derek Woolner

WHY are Australian troops in Iraq? Currently the government argues, along with its coalition partners, that they are there to prevent the situation worsening. Australian Defence Force deployments...

Discussion paper

6 Oct 2005

The evidence that private practitioners have disengaged from legal aid work clearly demonstrates that labour markets for legal aid in Australia have changed since 1990. Don Fleming and Ann Daly look at the factors contributing to this shift.

Released 6 October 2005

Report

10 Oct 2005

Curbing the spread of weapons of mass destruction is one of the greatest security challenges facing the international community today. This paper highlights the extent and nature of the contemporary threat posed by WMD and Australia's multidimensional strategy to address that threat.

Transcript

27 Oct 2005

In this speech at the University of South Australia Trade Practices Workshop, the ACCC chair Graeme Samuel argues that now, more than ever, a culture of compliance with the Trade Practices Act is be an optional extra, but an essential element of doing business. The...

Report

21 Oct 2005

The pursuit of energy efficiency would also seem to be in the interests of any rational producer or consumer, firm or household. Yet the issue at the heart of this inquiry is why producers and consumers do not always seek greater energy efficiency, even when...

Report

27 Oct 2005

In this report Susan Forde, Michael Meadows and Kerrie Foxwell from Griffith University's Australian Key Centre for Cultural and Media Policy examine a range of issues associated with the current Australian community radio industry. In particular they address the structure of the sector, the characteristics...

Report

27 Oct 2005

In Ame's Case the High Court said that a Papuan man who was an Australian citizen by birth was not a 'real Australian' and could be treated as an 'alien' under the Australian constitution, including for the purpose of taking his citizenship away. The case...

Presentation

27 Oct 2005

In the 2005 F. Oswald Barnett Oration, Lyndsay Neilson argues that although demographic, cultural, behavioural and economic diversity are making it harder than ever to predict the urban and housing needs of the future, policy makers must face the responsibility of challenging the status quo,...

Report

27 Oct 2005

Stewart Firth argues that while Australia's policies towards the Pacific are generally on the right track, we need to rethink our aid program and consider new initiatives, including seasonal work programs for unskilled islanders.

Report

26 Oct 2005

This report presents data on the five endorsed dimensions of need - homelessness, overcrowding, affordability, dwelling conditions and connection to essential services. It also assess the feasibility of including an additional three dimensions in the model-appropriateness of housing, security of tenure and emerging housing needs....

Commentary

Article

26 Oct 2005

Jock Given looks at the good and bad reasons why the decision has taken so long

AUSTRALIAN radio is going digital. Communications Minister Helen Coonan announced the decision at commercial radio’s recent annual conference.

If you think you’ve heard this before, you’re right....

Commentary

Article

26 Oct 2005

Experience from the US suggests that prisoners should keep the right to vote, writes Marc Mauer .

AS THE Australian government proposes to restrict the voting rights of an estimated 25,000 offenders in prison, it may be useful to reflect on...

Report

26 Oct 2005

Rural and regional electorates would be particularly hard hit by the federal government's welfare changes, according to this analysis. Out of the whole of Australia, 48 per cent of people who would be worse off live in rural or regional electorates and 60 per cent...

Commentary

Article

25 Oct 2005

It’s time to create opportunities for lower skilled workers in our region, argue Peter Mares and Nic Maclellan

AT THE Pacific Islands Forum in Papua New Guinea this week John Howard is under renewed pressure to allow Pacific Islanders to work in Australia. The...

Report

24 Oct 2005

Twenty per cent of the Australian population speaks a language other than English at home and there are two hundred different languages, including Indigenous languages, spoken in Australia. This diversity is poorly reflected in the teaching labour force. Does it matter? No, and yes, writes...

Report

24 Oct 2005

In this this review of research into the teaching of literacy and numeracy skills to students with learning difficulties Louise A. Ellis argues that there is no one single instructional method that deserves sole claim to being 'best practice'. Instead, the common wisdom of research...

Report

24 Oct 2005

VCOSS's state budget submission for 2006-07 identifies a range of priority investments to ensure that Victoria achieves social, economic, environmental and cultural sustainability.

Commentary

Article

20 Oct 2005

We shouldn’t criminalise speech that we find distasteful or inflammatory when it’s remote from the actual practice of terrorism, writes Ben Saul

SPEAKING of terror has become a dangerous business. This year, European law criminalised ‘public provocation’ of terrorism, which includes not only directly...

Commentary

Article

20 Oct 2005

In the second of two articles on The Latham Diaries David Burchell looks at the underlying tragedy revealed in the former Labor leader’s account of the past decade

FILM CRITICS are fond of describing movies as ‘working on different levels’. Not infrequently, that...

Commentary

Article

20 Oct 2005

Unemployment isn’t going to solve itself, argues Nicholas Gruen

THE government’s new WorkChoices package of industrial relations reform will allow workers to negotiate away a range of entitlements. It will make collective bargaining more difficult. And minimum wages will probably increase more slowly....

Transcript

20 Oct 2005

Multiculturalism is an ally not an enemy, argued Petro Georgiou in this speech to the Castan Centre for Human Rights Law

THE ISSUE I propose to focus on tonight is this: is multiculturalism part of the solution to terrorism or part of the...

Report

20 Oct 2005

This report commissioned by the Department of Family and Community Services analyses the current data on children in SAAP, both those who accompany their families and those who are unaccompanied, and discuss policy development and possible further research.

Report

20 Oct 2005

There is a crisis in mental health in Australia. Its magnitude, and the level of community concern, is reflected in the 500-plus submissions made earlier this year to the federal government's Senate Select Committee on Mental Health. Writing in New Matilda , Jennifer Smith and...

Report

20 Oct 2005

Linda Botterill examines the role of Council of Australian Governments (COAG) in the wake of the controversy over ACT Chief Minister Jon Stanhope's publication of the draft Anti-Terrorism Bill. She shows how the issue is a symptom of the way in which decision-making is becoming...

Report

20 Oct 2005

Between 1995 and mid-2001 there was a large increase in the number of penalties imposed on income support recipients for breaches of social security rules and requirements. Tony Eardley, Jude Brown, Margot Rawsthorne, Kate Norris and Liz Emrys found, among other things, that it tends...

Report

20 Oct 2005

James Jupp reviews the Draft Anti-Terrorism Bill 2005. He notes that the draft legislation breaches a number of long-standing legal protections and raises concerns about how it may be implemented.

Report

20 Oct 2005

Australia has a serious shortage of suitably qualified maths and science teachers and a continuing problem with attracting good teachers to rural schools. When a problem is enduring and is not being improved by current approaches, new strategies are needed. Jennifer Buckingham argues that allowing...

Report

20 Oct 2005

Alan Morris and David Abelló report on the findings of a series of focus groups which aimed to explore what made people apply for the DSP, their capacities and aspirations for community participation, work and education and training, their perceptions of the information received and...

Report

19 Oct 2005

In 1992 all Australian governments initiated the National Mental Health Strategy to correct decades of neglect and assure the rights of people with mental illness. In 1993, the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission’s National Inquiry into the Human Rights of People with Mental Illness,...

Report

1 Oct 2005

This report contains 65 recommendations that seek to introduce a regulatory scheme which will provide a transparent framework for workplace privacy protection in Victoria. It recommends that the Victorian government introduce a Workplace Privacy Act and establish a statutory office to educate employers and workers...

Report

15 Aug 2005

This Interim Report makes recommendations to confer on members of Victoria Police a power to remove, hold and detain persons pending an application for an interim intervention order. As the initial response by police to a family violence incident is particularly important in the process...

Report

19 Oct 2005

JaneMaree Maher and Jo Lindsay criticise descriptions of working mothers that focus on conflict, guilt and career disruption. They argue that women are developing new models of mothering and employment focusing on transferable skills and the integration of necessary labour.

Report

18 Oct 2005

Rosa McKenna and Lynne Fitzpatrick explore how training practitioners are using the reforms in the national training system, and their knowledge of new approaches to teaching and learning to integrate language, literacy and numeracy into workplace training programs in the community services sector.

Report

18 Oct 2005

Alternative dispute resolution processes are promoted as a means of increasing access to justice by disadvantaged groups and as an inexpensive way of solving legal or quasi-legal disputes. J. Joy Cumming and Janice M. Wilson investigate the difficulties experienced by users of alternative dispute resolution...

Report

17 Oct 2005

This paper sets out a plan for addressing the strategic reform of the international financial institutions in a feasible manner, with a focus on the appropriate forum and process for taking forward particular issues. The paper begins with a taxonomy of reform issues. It then...

Discussion paper

17 Oct 2005

This paper sets out a plan for addressing the strategic reform of the international financial institutions in a feasible manner, with a focus on the appropriate forum and process for taking forward particular issues. The paper begins with a taxonomy of reform issues. It then...

Report

17 Oct 2005

Community based asylum seekers, or 'refugee claimants', arrive in Australia with valid documentation and apply for asylum after arrival. While the difficulties they experience are well understood by those who work to support them, until recently there has been little documented evidence of their circumstances....

Report

17 Oct 2005

'Capacity development' has become a key concept in international development in recent years. Janet Hunt clarifies aspects of the term and draws on recent research and experience to draw out key international lessons, especially in relation to the 'enabling environment'. She raises questions about the...

Working paper

17 Oct 2005

Diane Smith sets out the framework for the Indigenous Community Governance research project on Understanding, Building and Sustaining Effective Governance in Rural, Remote and Urban Indigenous Communities, and discusses issues inherent in participatory research, and the dissemination and application of research findings within Indigenous and...

Report

14 Oct 2005

John von Doussa, president of the Human Rights and Equal Opportunities Commission, considers the human rights implications of the recent amendments to the National Security Information Act 2004. He finds that the Act potentially compromises Australia's obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political...

Report

14 Oct 2005

What is the value of vocational qualifications to employers? Mark Cully considers three areas in which the economic value of vocational qualifications to employers is evident: in prerequisites specified in job hiring, in employment levels of people with different qualifications, and in the wage levels...

Report

14 Oct 2005

Peter Waterhouse and Crina Virgona investigated the ways in which ten individuals have achieved success despite difficulties with literacy and learning. This report is designed to encourage adult literacy educators and policy makers to rethink assumptions and taken-for-granted 'truths' about individuals with literacy difficulties.

Report

13 Oct 2005

A deficit in the current account on the balance of payments has become a usual part of Australia's economic landscape, deficits having been recorded for all but four of the last fifty five years. However, there are two features of the current account deficit (CAD)...

Report

13 Oct 2005

This report identifies those groups of people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds that have a high prevalence or risk of diabetes compared with the Australian-born population. The report describes the demographics of these groups in relation to the size of the community, their proficiency...

Report

13 Oct 2005

This report shows that although each state and territory rental support program has similar aims, their operation varies considerably.

Report

13 Oct 2005

The small scale tenant incentive schemes existing in Australia are perceived by housing managers and tenants to contribute to improvements in service delivery, organisational culture and staff and tenant satisfaction report Keith Jacobs, Tim Seelig, Hazel Easthope and Michele Slatter.

Report

13 Oct 2005

This report finds that the personal wellbeing of Australians has fallen dramatically since its dramatic rise at the time of the Sydney Olympics.

This 1.7 point decrease is highly significant: the biggest change between adjacent surveys yet recorded. Both domains involving interpersonal connectedness (Relationships...

Journal article

13 Oct 2005

Since the tightening of Australian policy for protection visa applicants began in the 1990s, access to health care has been increasingly restricted to asylum seekers on a range of different visa types. Ignacio Correa-Velez , Sandra M. Gifford and Sara J. Bice summarise those legislative...

Report

13 Oct 2005

Only 9 per cent of Australians attend church. Yet Prime Minister John Howard explicitly identifies Australian values with Christian values. So what explains the disjunction between Australia's secular culture and the curiously successful adoption of American-style religious rhetoric by Howard and his ministers, asks Carole...

Report

13 Oct 2005

Coordinated by ACOSS, this comprehensive research project found that Australians and businesses are giving and volunteering more than ever before, contributing more than $11 billion in 2004. An additional $2 billion was provided by 10.5 million Australians who lent their support by participating in raffles,...

Commentary

Article

13 Oct 2005

We will find ways of getting by without cheap oil and coal, argues John Quiggin BACK in July the Howard government announced, with some fanfare, the formation of the Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development, a six-country agreement presented variously as an alternative or a complement...

Commentary

Article

12 Oct 2005

In the first of two articles on The Latham Diaries David Burchell discusses the relationship between politics and the media

I PUT OFF buying The Latham Diaries when they were first released in mid-September. There are some journalists and novelists for whom writing...

Other text

7 Oct 2005

There’s a new and important governmental emphasis: on getting the competitive settings right to enable the market to work; having the market deliver products and in particular services that in the past were very much in the domain of public provision; and on further enabling...

Report

11 Oct 2005

On 8 September 2005, Prime Minister John Howard announced a number of proposed changes to Australia's counter-terrorism laws with the aim of enabling Australia to 'better deter, prevent, detect and prosecute acts of terrorism'. This compilation of references reflects the reaction to the proposed counter-terrorism...

Report

11 Oct 2005

Since it was established in 2002, the Community Development Fund of the Telstra Foundation has directed nearly 30 per cent of its projects and funding to Indigenous community development. Fourteen of these projects are evaluated in this report. The report demonstrates that community-identified programs are...

Report

10 Oct 2005

The sixth World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference took place in Hong Kong from 13 to 18 December 2005. In this research note Jeffrey Robertson looks at preparations for the Hong Kong Ministerial and its implications for the future of the World Trade Organization.

Report

10 Oct 2005

Now that the Howard Government has control of the Senate, the balance of power in this chamber has, in effect, shifted to individual members of the Coalition. This has led to speculation that members of the Coalition might cross the floor over issues including industrial...

Report

11 Oct 2005

In response to expressions of concern from the Town of Port Hedland about local alcohol problems, the Western Australian Director of Liquor Licensing conducted a series of inquiries leading to the decision to impose restrictions on the sale and promotion of packaged liquor. Richard Midford,...

Report

11 Oct 2005

In February 2004, women at Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras Fair Day and at other groups, venues and clinics in contact with gay, bisexual and lesbian communities completed a questionnaire on sexual health. For this report, Juliet Richters, Angela Song, Garrett Prestage, Stevie Clayton...

Report

11 Oct 2005

The committee looks at the conduct of each federal election, examining pre-poll and polling day arrangements. This report goes further than usual, examining a range of potential changes to the voting system, including voluntary voting, four-year terms and early closure of the roll. Few proposals...

Transcript

21 Sep 2005

Gary Banks, chair of the Productivity Commission, spoke on this topic at a CEDA gathering in Adelaide and at a HEROC workshop in Sydney.

Released 21 September 2005

Report

7 Oct 2005

There's a new and important governmental emphasis: on getting the competitive settings right to enable the market to work; having the market deliver products and in particular services that in the past were very much in the domain of public provision; and on further enabling...

Report

11 Oct 2005

Tony Krone reports the experience of Queensland police in the investigation of predatory behaviour by men seeking sex with children through online chat rooms. The results of his study show the aggressive and rapid way that children are targeted: in 76 per cent of cases...

Report

11 Oct 2005

Laurence Lester examines the relationship between immigrant's self-reported satisfaction and other variables available in the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Australia.

Discussion paper

11 Oct 2005

In November 2004 the Ministerial Council on Drug Strategy agreed to the development of a National Cannabis Strategy, the first of its kind in Australia. This consultation paper, developed by the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, serves as a starter to what will be...

Report

10 Oct 2005

Third Generation (3G) mobile telephone systems challenge regulatory policy because they represent a convergence of content, devices and networks, with many companies involved. Matthew L. James examines matters of industry development, appropriate content protection and misuse, regulatory controls and future network trends.

Report

6 Oct 2005

This inquiry into the administration of the Regional Partnerships Program and Sustainable Regions Program was established following allegations raised in parliament and the media about the misuse of the programs in the lead up to the 2004 federal election. Concerns raised included allegations of serious...

Report

6 Oct 2005

This inquiry into the administration of the Regional Partnerships Program and Sustainable Regions Program was established following allegations raised in parliament and the media about the misuse of the programs in the lead up to the 2004 federal election.

Report

26 Sep 2005

The report identifies numerous failures in DIMIA processes that adversely affected Ms Alvarez. These include the failure by DIMIA officers to properly identify Ms Alvarez, the decision to detain her under the Migration Act, the subsequent decision to remove her from Australia, the level of...

Other text

28 Sep 2005

Speech by the PC’s chairman, Gary Banks, to the ANZSOG conference, ‘Schooling in the 21st Century: Unlocking Human Potential’, 28 and 29 September 2005, Sydney.

Transcript

28 Sep 2005

Speech by the PC's chairman, Gary Banks, to the ANZSOG conference, 'Schooling in the 21st Century: Unlocking Human Potential', 28 and 29 September 2005, Sydney.

Released 28 September 2005

Report

6 Oct 2005

Using an improved version of the neoclassical labour-supply model, Robert Breunig, Deborah A. Cobb-Clark and Xiaodong Gong analyse the expected impact of the 2005-06 Australian tax reform. They calculate working hours to increase by 1.7 per cent for both men and women and household after-tax...

Report

6 Oct 2005

Alison Booth and Nick Carroll use data from the 2001 National Health Survey to examine the association between overcrowding and the self-assessed health of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. They find that overcrowding of adults appears to be associated with worse health and explains approximately 30...

Report

6 Oct 2005

Jason Payne evaluates the implementation, operation and outcomes of the pilot program for 26 months from its inception in 2002. The program operates within the Cairns and Townsville magistrates' courts, and aims to target and divert into treatment, rather than prison, high-volume property or drug...

Report

6 Oct 2005

Jenny Mouzos presents information on the circumstances and characteristics of homicide in Australia for 2003-04. This report also contains jurisdictional breakdowns for comparative purposes and some long-term trend data across the fifteen-year NHMP data collection period. In 2003-04, there was a total of 288 incidents...

Report

6 Oct 2005

With the release of the March quarter 2005 population estimates by the Australian Statistician on Thursday 22 September 2005, the Australian Electoral Commissioner now has the information needed to determine the representation entitlements for the states and territories. Gerard Newman and Stephen Barber look at...

Working paper

5 Oct 2005

In Policy Research Paper 26, the authors explore the meaning and relevance of community and social capital drawing on a wide range of disciplines, in particular economics. The review suggests four key principles for measuring community strength and social capital:

* distinguish between the...

Report

28 Sep 2005

In this speech to the Economics Society of Australia's detection of cartels symposium, the ACC chair Graeme Samuel says that the OECD's conclusion in 2002 that cartels are the most 'egregious violations of competition law' explains why the fight against cartels is given priority in...

Report

5 Oct 2005

On 5th June, 2005, the former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Transport and Regional Services, the Hon John Anderson MP, invited me to Head this Review into Airport Security and Policing. I subsequently liaised with the Department of Transport and Regional Services Secretary, Mr...

Report

5 Oct 2005

The Taskforce on Biofuels was appointed by the Prime Minister in May to examine the latest scientific evidence on the impacts of ethanol and other biofuel use on human health, environmental outcomes and automotive operations. The taskforce also took into account the most recent economic...

Report

4 Oct 2005

Andrew Macintosh and Debra Wilkinson argue that the deal agreed by the National Party in return for its support for the sale of Telstra is remarkably similar to the deal made between the Australian Democrats and the Howard government over the Goods and Services Tax....

Commentary

Article

4 Oct 2005

Terrorism in Indonesia has evolved since the last bombing, writes Greg Fealy

IT IS too early to speak with any certainty about who carried out Saturday’s bombings in Bali. Undoubtedly, though, Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) will be singled out as the most likely perpetrator....

Report

3 Oct 2005

This report compares each of the seven geographical categories of rural, remote and metropolitan Australia with the national average, in terms of GP and patient characteristics, patient reasons for encounter, problems managed and treatments provided. Results are further analysed using the Australian Standard Geographical Classification...

Report

3 Oct 2005

This series of data briefings, covering each state and territory, presents findings from the Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services National Minimum Data Set, a nationally agreed set of common data items collected by government funded service providers of clients of alcohol and other drug...

Report

3 Oct 2005

This publication reports on health expenditure in Australia, by area of expenditure and source of funds from 1993-94 to 2002-03. It also provides detailed preliminary estimates for 2003-04 at the national level and some selected estimates at the state and territory level. The report analyses...

Report

3 Oct 2005

Using a unique Australian data set which contains information on both accepted and rejected job offers, Deborah Cobb-Clark, Paul Frijters and Guyonne Kalb investigate whether job offers arrive more frequently for those in employment than for those in unemployment. Their results reveal that, across the...