November 2005

Report

30 Nov 2005

Over the last couple of decades the Australian labour force has grown significantly, with 3.2 million more people in the labour force today than in 1985. Within this overall growth, the proportion of women in the paid labour force has increased dramatically. In the twelfth...

Report

30 Nov 2005

This comprehensive report on national information on welfare services in Australia includes indicators of the welfare of Australia’s population, ageing and aged care services, disability and disability services, assistance for housing, services for people experiencing homelessness, and welfare services expenditure and labour force. It also...

Report

30 Nov 2005

John Humphreys outlines a vision of how the tax and welfare systems could be refashioned to ensure that nobody loses more than 30 cents of any extra dollar they earn.

Report

29 Nov 2005

This webpage summarises projections of Australia’s population by age and sex for the period 2004–2101, and projections of the states, territories and capital cities/balances of state for the period 2004–2051. The 30 June 2004 figures are revised estimated resident population.

Report

29 Nov 2005

This report discusses the findings of the Young People and Human Rights Dialogue, which aimed to ascertain what young Australians know about human rights, and to listen to their views on a wide range of contemporary, rights-related issues. The report draws on focus groups, a...

Report

29 Nov 2005

This report presents most recent information on participation in cervical screening, rate of early re-screening, low-grade and high-grade abnormalities detected, incidence of cervical cancer and mortality. Analyses of incidence and mortality data by location (major cities, regional and remote) as well as mortality by Indigenous...

Report

29 Nov 2005

The debate about the costs and benefits of assisted reproduction needs to become more nuanced, according to Catherine Kevin in Griffith REVIEW 10: Family Politics. Advances in reproductive technology have changed women’s experiences of maternity and the social meanings of pregnancy. Dr Kevin argues that...

Report

28 Nov 2005

Following the 2004 federal election, the prime minister indicated that ‘income support for those of working age will be linked to employment programmes and services to reduce welfare dependency and increase workforce participation’. This report examines the resulting legislation and makes recommendations for amendments. It...

Report

28 Nov 2005

This report provides a background and overview of the Bill, considers key provisions of the regimes for Commonwealth preventative detention orders and for ‘control orders’ to authorise the overt close monitoring of terrorist suspects. It considers the provisions of the Bill relating to sedition and...

Report

28 Nov 2005

Luke Buckmaster provides a brief overview of RU486 and its use in medical abortion, an explanation of its current legislative status in Australia, and a brief analysis of the current debate about overturning legislative restrictions on RU486 and similar abortion drugs in Australia introduced at...

Report

28 Nov 2005

Peter Prince and Thomas John examine the extent of the Commonwealth’s power under the Australian Constitution to establish a single national industrial relations system.

Report

28 Nov 2005

Despite the changes to personal income tax in the 2005–06 federal budget, there are continued calls for reform of the Australian taxation system. An often mentioned point in favour of the reform of the personal income tax system is that Australia’s current arrangements are ‘uncompetitive’...

Report

24 Nov 2005

Oil output may well be at or near its peak level, and oil prices are likely to remain high for the foreseeable future. But adjusting to changes in relative prices is what market economies do best, at least when adjustment is supported by coherent and...

Report

24 Nov 2005

The report of the cross-party Senate inquiry established when the government’s industrial relations legislation was introduced in late October, including dissenting reports from the Labor, Democrats and Greens committee members.

Report

24 Nov 2005

Jenny Hocking surveys the main provisions of the new anti-terror measures and assesses their potential impact on political scrutiny and debate.

Report

24 Nov 2005

Larissa Behrendt looks at the background to the abolition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission. She argues that, in spite of some shortcomings, ATSIC made an important democratic contribution and its demise has left much of the Indigenous community lacking a voice in policy...

Discussion paper

24 Nov 2005

This discussion paper examines data from government services and from the 2002 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey relating to the Indigenous population of New South Wales, to augment outputs from the 2001 Census. These data reveal a population that has barely gained...

Report

24 Nov 2005

With risk factors that are highly prevalent in Australia, including diabetes and high blood pressure, the number of Australians at risk of chronic kidney disease is increasing. Indigenous Australians in particular are at high risk. Chronic kidney disease may lead to serious illness and death,...

Report

24 Nov 2005

The Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme has developed a set of arrangements to control access to high-cost medicines, including tumour necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors (TNFIs) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. In this article Christine Y. Lu, Jan Ritchie, Kenneth M. Williams and Richard O. Day explore basic...

Report

24 Nov 2005

Writing for the Jurist website, Devika Hovell says that the trial of Guantanamo detainee David Hicks by US military commission highlights his transformation from an alleged perpetrator of war crimes into a possible victim of one.

Report

24 Nov 2005

ACSSA Wrap is the new series from the Australian Centre for the Study of Sexual Assault to help keep those who work in the field of sexual assault prevention informed on the latest practice and policy information. Each ACSSA Wrap will offer a concise and...

Commentary

Article

24 Nov 2005

John Spierings discusses the main findings of the How Young People are Faring 2005 report

LIVING in a buoyant economy, with strong jobs growth and unprecedented wealth connected to home ownership, are Australians comfortable with their lot?

The evidence is mixed. Widespread...

Report

22 Nov 2005

It is time to offer an amnesty for those visa overstayers who can demonstrate they are of good character and have substantial ties in Australia, according to Anne Coombs in Griffith REVIEW 10: Family Politics. The Department of Immigration estimates that there are more than...

Report

22 Nov 2005

This report provides detailed information on drug use prevalence, drug-related behaviours and incidents, and support for drug-related policy and legislation. The report features analysis relating to young people – reflecting the inclusion in the 2004 survey of 12–13 year olds – and new material on...

Report

22 Nov 2005

Increasingly, vocational education and training practitioners work with industry and within private enterprises in arrangements that provide training for workers. Drawing on interviews with TAFE practitioners and managers, enterprise managers and on-the-job learners, Roger Harris, Michele Simons and Julian Moore highlight the expanding roles of...

Report

22 Nov 2005

The provision of funding and requiring disclosure of donations and expenditure are thought to strengthen Australia’s democratic institutions, enhance the political process, and dampen the influence of money on politics. The extent to which the various regimes achieve these purposes is debateable, as are the...

Report

21 Nov 2005

A greater focus on developing technical skills in secondary schools is required to draw more young Australians into apprenticeships, according to John Ainley and Matthew Corrigan. Their study examined the characteristics and completion rates of participants in New Apprenticeships drawing on the experiences of a...

Report

21 Nov 2005

Lawrence Ingvarson, Adrian Beavis, Charlotte Danielson, Louise Ellis and Alison Elliott for that graduates of the Bachelor of Learning Management degree believed that they were better prepared for the first year of teaching than graduates from other Queensland universities. That finding was supported by an...

Report

21 Nov 2005

The seventh in an annual series, this report finds that while many young people today are better educated and better skilled than previous generations, an estimated 560,000 15-24-year-olds are not in full-time learning or work. Those growing up in stressed socio-economic circumstances, rural Australia, Indigenous...

Report

17 Nov 2005

The overall aim of the Australian retirement income system is to reduce poverty in retirement and produce a higher income in retirement than can be achieved by reliance on the age pension alone. Recently, a third goal has begun to emerge, that of prolonging a...

Report

18 Nov 2005

This updated Parliamentary Library Bills Digest summarises the main provisions of the government’s legislation and point to a number of concerns about the content of the bill.

Report

18 Nov 2005

Interim findings suggest that the Personal Support Programme (PSP) is a vital program for assisting people with multiple non-vocational barriers to employment, but that several factors reduce its effectiveness – notably, inadequate funding to help clients access services such as education and counselling. While PSP’s...

Report

17 Nov 2005

In an article published in the National Institute of Labour Studies’s Australian Bulletin of Labour , five legal academics from the Centre for Employment and Labour Relations Law at the University of Melbourne have concluded that the federal government’s WorkChoices legislation is likely to bring...

Report

17 Nov 2005

Two well-established findings about employer-provided training form the backdrop to this research. First, the provision of training and its associated expenditure are highly variable across employers, notably by industry and employment size. Second, employer engagement with the formal system of VET is substantial, and growing,...

Report

17 Nov 2005

Ann Blythe and Kaye Bowman synthesise recent research on the value that employers place on qualifications and how they use them to contribute to the success of their business. They find that employers see qualifications as having three main benefits – to screen candidates in...

Discussion paper

16 Nov 2005

Peter Saunders and Peter Siminski examine the impact of home ownership on income distribution and the incidence of low-income using data from the Household Expenditure Surveys conducted in 1993–94 and 1998–99. Using the market value approach to derive an estimate of imputed rental income, they...

Report

16 Dec 2005

The need to find jobs for Pacific Island workers coincides with the emergence of gaps in the labour force of developed nations. Nic Maclellan and Peter Mares outline a proposal for a pilot program of seasonal work for islanders in Australia’s horticulture industry. They discuss...

Report

16 Nov 2005

In this speech to the Australian Communications and Media Authority’s annual conference, Graeme Samuel discusses the question of whether technological change is making many of our existing concerns about media regulation irrelevant.

Report

16 Nov 2005

David Gruen and Amanda Sayegh examine the evolution of Australian fiscal policy and the fiscal policy framework over the past quarter century, from the early 1980s recession to the past eight years of budget surpluses.

Commentary

Article

16 Nov 2005

It’s time to leave the comfort zone, writes Nicholas Gruen

AUSTRALIA is peculiar - the land where left-of-centre governments initiated and most vigorously pursued economic reform.

Whitlam kicked things off cutting tariffs by a quarter. Having implored us to embrace market forces,...

Report

15 Nov 2005

Dissatisfaction with university courses undermines a sense of obligation to repay Higher Education Contribution Scheme debt, which in turn impairs tax morale and triggers tax evasion, writes Elixa Ahmed.

HECS policy has, therefore, been counter-productive in practice in building legal compliance despite its rigorous...

Report

15 Nov 2005

Dialogue between states with widely diverging tax systems has emerged as a key feature of international efforts to regulate tax havens. As these initiatives have unfolded there has been a transition away from regulation by command and control towards responsive regulatory dialogue in which tax...

Report

15 Nov 2005

It is time the non-conservative political parties rethought their position on families, argues Julianne Schultz in her introduction to Griffith REVIEW 10, Family Politics. Equating family with mum dad and the kids behind a white picket fence completely misses the point that family is much...

Report

15 Nov 2005

The Transforming Disability conference brought together people with proposals for changes to disability policies and those whose direct experience enables them to provide informed critical comment on current trends and proposed changes. A selection of the papers from this conference are available online.

Other text

15 Nov 2005

In order to transform disability in Australia we need to tackle our deep-seated fears, moral convictions and relationships, argues Christopher Newell in this Centre for Public Policy lecture. Transformation requires the fostering of purposeful and mundane relationships which are based upon, and help us to...

Report

15 Nov 2005

Duncan Mortimer and Kim Dalziel aim to determine how best to reduce the burden of harm on the Australian community attributable to physical inactivity, poor nutrition, alcohol misuse and tobacco smoking, by determining which interventions are most effective and cost-effective, and thus able to make...

Report

15 Nov 2005

Analysing the characteristics of low wage workers, Andrew Leigh finds that those who earn near-minimum wages are disproportionately female, unmarried and young, without post-school qualifications and overseas born. About a third of near-minimum wage workers are the sole worker in their household. Using various plausible...

Report

15 Nov 2005

Patricia Apps and Ray Rees compare gender differences in the allocation of time to market work, domestic work, child care, and leisure over the life cycle, using survey data for three countries: Australia, the UK and Germany. They discuss the extent to which gender differences...

Report

15 Nov 2005

Catherine Waterhouse and Philippa Angley interviewed twelve Brotherhood clients in three small focus groups in order to identify themes for further investigation of the nature and dimensions of social exclusion affecting older Australians. Their report includes people’s comments on topic ranging from income, housing, health...

Report

15 Nov 2005

As Australia’s prominent role in the ‘coalition of the willing’ in Iraq demonstrates, the strategy of cultivating close ties with the Leviathan or – in more contemporary parlance – the hegemon, is alive and well. In this essay Mark Beeson asks whether this is an...

Report

15 Nov 2005

This report from the Australian Temperament Project focuses on the transition to early adulthood; connections between antisocial behaviour and victimisation; the role of substance use in the development of adolescent antisocial behaviour; why do some low risk children become antisocial adolescents; motivations to comply with...

Report

14 Nov 2005

Terry Burke challenges orthodox views of the relationship between the market and the state, between social housing provision and support, and between past housing needs and those of the future.

Report

14 Nov 2005

New Zealand prime minister Helen Clark has formed her third successive minority government after the Labour Party won 41 per cent of the vote in the 17 September 2005 election. Labour has a formal coalition with the Progressive Party and confidence and supply deals with...

Commentary

Article

13 Nov 2005

LAST WEEK, all the action was in Canberra. This week, it’s happening in the suburbs of Sydney and Melbourne. The players are different but the theme is the same - keeping Australia safe from terrorism.

Taking a step back from the dramatic immediacy of...

Report

13 Nov 2005

This report provides a comprehensive picture of the current GP workforce situation and sets out projections of GP workforce requirements to 2013. It highlights increases in demand for medical services in recent years, the effect of the decline in average working hours on the supply...

Commentary

Article

11 Nov 2005

ONE of the enduring myths of the Australian public policy debate is the claim that the microeconomic reforms of the 1980s and 1990s have generated a surge of productivity growth. This claim is constantly used as a basis for suggesting that, whatever the problem, the...

Report

9 Nov 2005

Professor Ian Ramsay of Melbourne University examines the effectiveness of the ABA’s existing enforcement powers and makes proposals to enable the ABA to deal more effectively with breaches of the rules.

Report

10 Nov 2005

China’s entry into the World Trade Organization in 2001 and the opening up of its domestic markets to international competition has transformed the country. Over recent years, China has experienced sustained rapid development and implemented wide-ranging economic reforms, including the lowering of trade and investment...

Commentary

Article

10 Nov 2005

The evidence suggests that lifting unfair dismissal laws will create very few jobs, says Ben Freyens

THE GOVERNMENT claims repealing unfair dismissal laws for small and medium business will boost employment figures. According to Workplace Relations Minister Kevin Andrews, unfair dismissal laws had...

Report

10 Nov 2005

While welcoming the changes to make some exempt from losses in income and activity requirements, this submission highlights the many flaws in the welfare to work legislation.

Report

10 Nov 2005

Social capital is a useful but contested concept, with ongoing confusion over indicators and (negative) outcomes. However, Roger Patulny argues that the bonding/bridging distinction offers a good way past these problems. Bonding and bridging incorporate two types of networks and two types of trust. He...

Report

10 Nov 2005

To examine a strong surge in apprentice intake during 2003 and more particularly 2004, Phil Toner went directly to those employers, apprentices and Group Training managers who are driving this wave of trade skill apprenticeships. While his report confirms that the uptake in traditional apprenticeships...

Report

10 Nov 2005

In this submission to the current parliamentary inquiry, Andrew Lynch, Ben Saul and George Williams question the need for the new counter-terrorism laws, which are more extensive and invasive than measures adopted in the United States and Britain. They examine the provisions in detail, proposing...

Report

10 Nov 2005

Anne Daly and Diane Smith use a range of indicators established in the literature to examine the risk of exclusion from mainstream Australian society for Indigenous Australian children. The results show that Indigenous children continue to be among the most socially disadvantaged in Australia, and...

Report

10 Nov 2005

Keith Jacobs, Kathy Arthurson and Bill Randolph present the findings of a project to review current practices and develop appropriate exit strategy models. Evidence strongly suggests that the longer the timescales allowed for the development and embedding of appropriate exit structures and strategies during the...

Journal article

10 Nov 2005

Online computer gamers are a creative bunch, from the mayhem of first-person shooters (FPS) to more the social experiences of massive multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPG), gamers are producing new content for their favourite titles at an amazing rate. This paper explores the rewriting of...

Report

10 Nov 2005

The high prevalence of obesity (almost 20 per cent) among Australian adults and the strong association between obesity and an increased risk of ill health, functional limitation and disability are well documented. This bulletin examines the relationship between obesity and absenteeism from work among the...

Report

10 Nov 2005

While there has been a dramatic expansion in the availability of credit in Australia, this has not been evenly distributed across society. The BSL and Good Shepherd Youth and Family Service argue that it is important to consider that not everyone who is on a...

Submission

10 Nov 2005

This submission to the Parliamentary Committee proposes that any changes to the Corporations Act recognise the global dimensions of business, and the fact that most companies are operating in a range of jurisdictions. This adds to the complexity of corporate social responsibility and warrants a...

Report

10 Nov 2005

The Anti-Terrorism Bill proposes to repeal existing sedition offences and replace them with five new offences. The new offences partly implement the Gibbs Review of federal criminal law in 1991, but Gibbs also recommended modernising (and narrowing) many other archaic ‘offences against the government’, including...

Report

10 Nov 2005

Specialist committees are now a common feature of the Australian parliamentary landscape. This is especially the case in New South Wales, where parliamentary committees supervise most of the independent investigatory agencies, writes Gareth Griffiths in this survey of the role of committee.

Report

8 Nov 2005

David Carment reviews the controversy surrounding the Commonwealth Radioactive Waste Management Bill 2005, which gives the federal government the power to override the opposition of the NT Labor government and the NT Liberal Party as well as relevant Aboriginal heritage legislation and the Environmental Protection...

Report

8 Nov 2005

Christopher Michaelsen criticises the lack of accountability and scrutiny in the Anti-Terrorism Bill 2005. He argues that the 28 new anti-terrorism laws introduced since September 2001 have generally lacked effective judicial and parliamentary review mechanisms and that the new bill has the same shortcomings. He...

Report

8 Nov 2005

Anthea Bill, Bill Mitchell and Martin Watts develops the labour market accounts framework to understand how employment growth and commuting patterns interact to determine the spatial distribution of unemployment in local areas of Sydney. The principal finding is that employment growth between 1996 and 2001...

Report

8 Nov 2005

Anthea Bill explores the drivers of changing labour market outcomes within Metropolitan Sydney in 1996 and 2001 (POA level). She ascertains the key drivers of unemployment ‘hot spots’ (high unemployment) and assesses the extent to which the observed polarisation of outcomes can be explained by...

Report

8 Nov 2005

Using international evidence, Jonathon Louth and Lisa Hill argue that when compulsory voting is properly administered in a congenial setting (such as Australia), it is the best means for guaranteeing high and socio-demographically equal rates of voting participation. Without it, Australian democracy would be experiencing...

Journal article

8 Nov 2005

Trust was a key issue in the 2004 Australian federal election. The Prime Minister appealed to the public to trust his government because of its ability to manage the economy. The Leader of the Opposition highlighted the government’s lack of credibility and honesty. These are...

Report

8 Nov 2005

Jeremy Prichard and Jason Payne surveyed 370 young people in juvenile detention centres around Australia with the aim of understanding their offending patterns, links with drug and alcohol use, and risk factors. Their study confirms that young people in detention have extensive offending and drug...

Commentary

Article

7 Nov 2005

The liberal state and the security state are the Janus face of the same entity, writes Ian Hunter

AN ARRAY of commentators has reacted to the Australian government’s proposed anti-terrorism laws by branding them an unprecedented and unjustifiable infringement of civil rights and...

Report

7 Nov 2005

Angela Pratt provides links to information and key resources on avian influenza and the potential for an avian influenza pandemic, including general information on avian influenza; information about Australia and international preparations for an avian influenza pandemic; information on Australian research on influenza; commentary in...

Report

4 Nov 2005

Leslie Nielson finds that the co-contributions scheme has delivered a number of benefits - in particular, that low income employees, particularly women, appear to have gained significant contributions to their superannuation fund balances - and that these benefits will compound over time via increased investment...

Report

7 Nov 2005

This guide contains links to documents and internet resources on the Workplace Relations Amendment (Work Choices) Bill 2005, introduced into the House of Representatives on 2 November 2005.

Report

3 Nov 2005

In the May 2005 budget the federal government announced a range of proposed welfare to work measures, including significant changes which would significatly reduce weekly incomes and sharply increase effective marginal tax rates for sole parents and people with disabilities. In this report Ann Harding,...

Report

3 Nov 2005

Jane Figgis looka at how much progress has been made in ensuring that all young people had available to them a curriculum (and a certification regime) that would engage them through Year 12 and would lead on to meaningful next steps for them - a...

Report

3 Nov 2005

Using the findings of a large-scale survey, Diana Olsberg and Mark Winters identify a significant shift in the values and priorities of older Australians that is transforming the patterns of future housing tenue, lifestyle and family relationships. They concludes that ageing in place depends more...

Journal article

3 Nov 2005

Although there was initial widespread support for the philosophy underlying New Zealand's new Primary Health Care Strategy, there are concerns amongst general practitioners and their professional organisations relating to its implementation, although many GPs are feeling positive regarding the new Primary Health Organisations. Australia has...

Report

3 Nov 2005

Young Australians are highly satisfied with their life and careers, according to Kylie Hillman and Julie McMillan. A study of over 6000 young people explored how their self-reported life satisfaction is related to educational activities and various labour market outcomes during the early post-school years....

Report

3 Nov 2005

Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions are large contributors to illness, pain and disability in Australia. More than 6.1 million Australians are reported to have arthritis or a musculoskeletal condition. Most commonly reported conditions are back pain and various forms of arthritis. Almost 1.2 million of these...

Report

3 Nov 2005

In this Parliamentary Library Bills Digest, Sue Harris Rimmer summarises the main provisions of the government's legislation and points to a number of issues parliament may wish to consider if amendments to the bill are under consideration.

Report

2 Nov 2005

The Department of Industry, Tourism and Resources, Invest Australia and the Victorian Department of Innovation, Industry and Regional Development commissioned the Economist Intelligence Unit to undertake this study, which compares Australia to the USA, UK, Japan, Singapore, Germany and India on cost and a range...

Report

31 Oct 2005

This report forms part of the commission’s annual report series and meets its obligation to report annually on compliance by Australian government departments and agencies with the government’s Regulation Impact Statement (RIS) requirements.

Commentary

Article

3 Nov 2005

OECD figures undermine the prime minister’s argument about jobs, writes Peter Browne

WHAT is the crux of the government’s case for its industrial relations reforms? In statements by senior ministers over the past few weeks one point comes up again and again: that the...

Commentary

Article

1 Nov 2005

George Williams surveys the High Court career of Justice Michael McHugh

JUSTICE MICHAEL McHUGH retired yesterday after sixteen years on the High Court. Appointed by Prime Minister Bob Hawke, he was the last judge left from the court of 1987-95 which, under Sir...

Report

1 Nov 2005

The Australian Constitution left the states with the primary responsibility for regulating industrial relations but gave the federal parliament a limited power to make laws with respect to 'conciliation and arbitration for the prevention and settlement of industrial disputes extending beyond the limits of any...

Report

1 Nov 2005

While both John Howard and Tony Blair are resolute in their desire to get new laws through their parliaments, Australia's new laws will be inferior to those introduced in Britain, and we risk doing greater damage to our democracy and fundamental liberties, writes George Williams....

Report

1 Nov 2005

Miniscule research resources are allocated to researching the diseases of developing countries such as malaria and the strains of HIV prevalent in Africa. Plainly, the commercial model of drug research fails to respond to the needs of the poor. But pressures are mounting on governments...

Report

1 Nov 2005

In 2004-05, Australia had an average annual unemployment rate of 5.3 per cent, the lowest rate in 28 years. Despite a low rate of general unemployment, there are still many groups in the community for whom the unemployment rate is well into double digits, or...

Report

31 Oct 2005

Compulsory voting has been part of Australia's national elections since 1924. Renewed Liberal Party interest and a parliamentary committee recommendation that voluntary voting be the subject of future investigation suggest that this may well be an important issue at the next election. Scott Bennett describes...

Briefing paper

31 Oct 2005

The Bogong moth (Agrotis infusa) migrates annually to the highest peaks in the Southern Alps where millions spend the hot summer months aestivating in deep, dark crevices in rock caves among granite boulders. Parliament House disrupts the flight of the moths, writes Bill McCormick, and...

Report

1 Nov 2005

Josie Misko, Lin Yufeng, Jiang Dayuan, Wu Quanquan and Wang Zerong examine the linkages between vocational education and training (VET) and industry in China and Australia. They detail each country's arrangements for the provision of industry advice to governments and discusses industry-specific programs and skill...

Report

1 Nov 2005

New information and communication technologies are changing literacy practices at an unprecedented rate, posing new questions and challenges for literacy educators. Using a case study approach, Ilana Snyder, Anne Jones and Joseph Lo Bianco examine the interaction between new and emerging digital technologies, adult learning...