December 2005

Research report

23 Dec 2005

In this report Jacqueline Joudo and Marissa Veld provide an overview of the characteristics of the 67 deaths in police or prison custody in Australia in 2004, including Indigenous status. They also present an analysis of prison deaths since 1980 and police custody deaths since...

Article

22 Dec 2005

Peter Saunders suggests the federal government’s Future Fund should be denationalised and the money distributed into individual savings accounts for all Australians. Saunders disputes the government’s claim that we need a Future Fund to pay for public servants' superannuation. A much more pressing problem for...

Commentary

Article

22 Dec 2005

THE violence and civil disorder in southern Sydney this past week has stoked a furious public debate in the newspapers and on radio. On the whole, though, this debate has been an entirely predictable and un-illuminating business - repetitious, almost choreographed in character and so...

Research report

22 Dec 2005

This detailed report on Australia’s mental health services includes a wide range of data to provide a picture of the range of mental health-related services provided in the health and community services sectors. Included for the first time is information on mental health-related supported accommodation...

Research report

22 Dec 2005

Siew-Ean Khoo, Peter McDonald and Graeme Hugo examine the reasons for migration, employment circumstances and migration outcomes of temporary skilled migrants who are holders of the temporary business entry visa. The study also investigates the social and economic circumstances of these temporary entrants, their future...

Commentary

Article

22 Dec 2005

George Williams, who chaired the Victorian government’s Human Rights Consultation Committee, outlines how the Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities would work

AS MEMBERS of an independent committee established by the Victorian government, my colleagues and I have recommended that the state enact...

Research report

22 Dec 2005

The idea that individuals,enterprises and economies gain financially from increased participation in education or training is often assumed, but is not always easy to demonstrate or quantify. Lynne Gleeson explores the benefits of further training for people with low levels of numeracy by analysing Australian...

Research report

22 Dec 2005

Kate Barnett and Robin Ryan provide a stocktake of issues and activities in vocational education and training in schools through the perspectives of the published literature and policy documentation between 1997 and 2003. They identify progress made and conclude that vocational programs in schools are...

Research report

22 Dec 2005

Stephen Billett, Allie Clemans and Terri Seddon consder the principles and practices that build and sustain social partnerships in communities in a range of contexts. They identify three types of social partnerships, and discuss the implications of changing circumstances for the principles and practices. This...

Research report

20 Dec 2005

Jago Dodson and Neil Sipe assess how different socio-economic groups will be affected by rising fuel costs at the neighbourhood level. The evidence suggests that high levels of oil vulnerability are present in Australian cities but that this vulnerability is unevenly distributed. New policies emphasising...

Research report

20 Dec 2005

Despite its policy significance, the impact of disability has not featured prominently in the Australian empirical literature on household incomes and living standards. Peter Saunders examines how disability is associated with standard of living and its determinants (including labour force participation and the receipt of...

Research report

20 Dec 2005

Of all the institutions established around the time of the industrial revolution, schooling has perhaps been the most enduring. In this article for New Matilda John Spierings reflects on the changing characteristics of schools and what education might look like ten years hence.

Research report

20 Dec 2005

Bruce Hollingsworth and Katharina Hauck question current economic theories about obesity, an important, if not the most important, public health concern of the future. They present preliminary results of quantitative analysis of Australian data to support their theories, and map out possible areas for future...

Research report

20 Dec 2005

Using data from the new Household, Income and Labor Dynamics in Australia Survey, Alison Booth and Jan van Ours find that women in part-time work are more satisfied with working hours than women in full-time work. Partnered women’s life satisfaction is increased if their partners...

Commentary

Article

16 Dec 2005

The Poverty Wars by Peter Saunders UNSW Press, 2005, 158 pages, $19.95

Reviewed by Ann Nevile

PETER G. SAUNDERS, of the Social Policy Research Centre, is clearly frustrated by current debates about poverty in Australia and his book, The Poverty Wars , is...

Research report

16 Dec 2005

India matters to Australia, strategically, economically and diplomatically. At the fourth Australia–India Security Roundtable, held in Canberra in April 2005, fourteen strategic analysts from both countries met to discuss a range of important issues vital to each country's defence and security planning. This publication is...

Research report

16 Dec 2005

Drawing on a Newspoll survey of 1200 people, Emma Rush and Andrew Macintosh show that over 50 per cent of Australians receive unwanted Christmas presents and that 21 per cent of Australians will give presents to people they don’t want to during the festive season....

Research report

16 Dec 2005

This is a set of six reports, being released progessively, on housing assistance provided in 2004–05 under the 2003 Commonwealth–State Housing Agreement. These publications are part of the Housing Assistance Data Development Series.

Journal article

16 Dec 2005

Australia needs to act now to address hearing impairment as it is a major cause of disability in those aged 55 and over, write Jennifer L. Smith, Paul Mitchell, Jie Jin Wang and Stephen R. Leeder. Federal and state governments should collaborate to construct a...

Research report

16 Dec 2005

It has been four months since Bob Carr resigned as premier of New South Wales. Some speculated that Carr’s retirement was a temporary break before a draft into the federal Labor leadership. One thing is certain, writes Tim Soutphommasane: even if he does not pursue...

Research report

16 Dec 2005

This final report of the Senate inquiry is mainly comprised of response to the committe’s response to the inquiry into Vivian Solon’s case conducted by the Commonwealth Ombudsman.

Research report

16 Dec 2005

Catherine Waterhouse and Philippa Angley interviewed twelve Brotherhood clients in three small focus groups in order to identify themes for further investigation of the nature and dimensions of social exclusion affecting older Australians. Their report includes people’s comments on topic ranging from income, housing, health...

Discussion paper

16 Dec 2005

The authors of ‘Happiness and the Human Development Index: The Paradox of Australia’ claim that Australia ranks highly in the Human Development Index (HDI), but relatively poorly in happiness. But when Andrew Leigh and Justin Wolfers compare that happiness data with the HDI, Australia appears...

Research report

16 Dec 2005

Using data from the 2003 wave of the British Household Panel Survey Alison Booth and Hiau Joo Kee test if siblings are assigned equal shares in the family’s educational resources. They find that they are not, and that the shares decrease with birth order. Controlling...

Research report

9 Dec 2005

The commission has commenced a public inquiry into the policy framework and incentives for the conservation of Australia’s historic built heritage places. An issues paper is available online.

Commentary

Article

14 Dec 2005

UNINTENDED consequences are a product of rushed and ill-considered lawmaking. Once in force, the anti-terrorism law passed last week would allow racist ‘hate speech’ in Cronulla to be prosecuted as sedition, leading to seven years’ imprisonment - even though racial violence has nothing at all...

Commentary

Article

14 Dec 2005

FOR AN organisation which has talked so much and spent so much on leadership and improved management, the Australian Public Service has nothing much to write home about in terms of results - at least if the views of public servants themselves mean anything. A...

Research report

14 Dec 2005

In 1996 the Victorian government took the radical step of referring the bulk of its industrial powers to the Commonwealth. Despite the election of the Bracks Labor Government in 1999, the referral of powers has not been reversed, even though the Victorian Labor Party gained...

Research report

14 Dec 2005

In this background paper for next year’s conference on Governments and Communities in Partnership: From Theory to Practice, Mark Considine examines whether the end of the old rigidities in bureaucratic and institutional thinking has something really new to say to researchers, practitioners and citizens....

Research report

14 Dec 2005

The story of Silicon Valley shows that successfully linking science and industry may not be as easy as just adopting a winning formula. But that doesn’t mean we can’t learn from the Silicon Valley experience, writes Jane Marceau. Lesson one: you need a lot of...

Research report

12 Dec 2005

The distinguishing feature of the Westminster form of responsible government is the virtually iron clad nexus between the elected executive and the parliament. Unlike other forms of responsible government, all ministers must be drawn from the membership of the Westminster parliament. Richard Herr considers some...

Research report

12 Dec 2005

Countries participating in the first East Asia Summit will be the ten members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam) and China, Japan, the Republic of Korea, India, Australia and New...

Research report

12 Dec 2005

Kathy Edwards, Lawrence Saha and Murray Print introduce the YES Project, which examines the attitudes of young Australians towards politics, democracy and voting. They discuss features of the democratic process that discourage young Australians from participating, as well as the ways in which they do...

Research report

12 Dec 2005

The Coalition parties only received 45.09 per cent of the first preference vote in the Senate but won 21 of the 40 seats up for election, or 52.5 per cent of the seats. Scott Brenton analyses the relative lack of proportionality in the Senate, and...

Research report

9 Dec 2005

The thirteenth in the annual series prepared by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare’s National Perinatal Statistics Unit, this report provides national information on the pregnancy and childbirth of mothers, and the characteristics and outcomes of their babies. This is a collaborative effort of...

Research report

9 Dec 2005

Synthesising existing research, Colin Ramsay and Robert Bladier conducted an analysis of three Australian industries (mining, wine production and listed property trusts), in order to isolate the conditions for creating internationally competitive export industries.

Research report

8 Dec 2005

How well prepared is Australia to meet the twin challenges of infectious disease and bioterrorism? This paper explores these issues and offers some advice about how Australia should incorporate these challenges into our thinking about security. The paper considers the spectrum of biological threats, both...

Research report

8 Dec 2005

The federal government’s National Inquiry into the Teaching of Literacy examined reading research, teacher preparation and practices for the teaching of literacy. This report draws on public submissions, school visits and existing research.

Research report

8 Dec 2005

The development of a uniquely Australian system of innovation and its relation to the vocational education and training (VET) system is considered in this discussion paper. Richard Pickersgill argues that the Australian system of innovation fits the pattern of incremental innovation and diffusion of technical...

Research report

8 Dec 2005

They report that those young people most likely to miss out on vocational education and training include those with disabilities, young people still living at home, children from single-parent families and those families with a history of parental unemployment. Gillian Considine, Ian Watson, Richard Hall...

Research report

8 Dec 2005

Government advertising or information campaigns are an accepted means by which governments inform the public about new initiatives, policies or programs. They help to advise people on how they might benefit or be affected by or what they need to do to comply with new...

Commentary

Article

8 Dec 2005

The Reserve Bank’s relationship with government is working well, except from an anachronistic process of appointing board members, writes Nicholas Gruen

What’s given the west two centuries of economic progress? It wasn’t capitalism alone. Nor was it democracy. As the Russians and an...

Commentary

Article

8 Dec 2005

Australia has been selective in implementing its international obligations, according to Jane McAdam

THIS week’s revelations about suspected war criminals living in the Australian community highlights Australia’s contradictory implementation of international law. Although Australia refuses to extradite convicted and suspected criminals to countries...

Research report

8 Dec 2005

Government advertising or information campaigns are an accepted means by which governments inform the public about new initiatives, policies or programs. They help to advise people on how they might benefit or be affected by or what they need to do to comply with new...

Research report

7 Dec 2005

In this paper Ellen Fish, Leah Bromfield and Daryl Higgins explore this somewhat controversial phenomenon and discusses the implications of FIIC for practitioners working to protect children from harm.

Research report

6 Dec 2005

In this report Rosanna Scutella and Paul Smyth describe the condition of Australian children today in six key dimensions of life. Each dimension reflects basic capabilities and opportunities that every child should enjoy, including good physical and mental health, literacy and numeracy, freedom from violence...

Research report

6 Dec 2005

The number of people commencing an apprenticeship or traineeship continued to grow in the year ending 30 June 2005, up 4 per cent from the previous year to 265,000. On a seasonally adjusted basis, commencements have grown for five successive quarters. Commencements in traditional apprenticeships...

Research report

6 Dec 2005

Veronica Cleary, on retirement from 30 years of teaching, moved to the Tiwi Islands in the Northern Territory. As a result of her experience she came to the conclusion that fundamental changes must be made to the education system now if Indigenous children in remote...

Research report

6 Dec 2005

Gavin Wood and Rachel Ong report on the first stage of a project examining how housing assistance programs impact on economic participation outcomes once we control for the mediating effects that intermediary variables such as health and neighbourhood effects can have on economic participation outcomes....

Research report

6 Dec 2005

A mock sexual assault jury trial research project investigated whether the impact of adult sexual assault complainant testimony on juror perceptions and decisions differed if presented via CCTV, pre-recorded videotape or face-to-face in the courtroom. Natalie Taylor and Jacqueline Joudo also investigated the impact of...

Research report

6 Dec 2005

The latest national Student Outcomes Survey reveals that 88 per cent of TAFE graduates were satisfied with the overall quality of their training, the highest level of satisfaction recorded in the last five years. Eighty-five per cent of TAFE graduates reported that they achieved their...

Research report

5 Dec 2005

China’s economic dynamism and rising international influence constitute one of the most important elements of international relations in the early 21st century. Frank Frost provides a survey of major issues in China’s foreign relations, with a special emphasis on China’s relations with and role in...

Research report

6 Dec 2005

In one generation Australia has come through a massive economic transformation, and the electorate is starting to resist further economic change. Unless ‘reform’ has more meaning for consumers than the choice of multiple firms to deliver the same molecules of water, they will rightly ask...

Research report

6 Dec 2005

Drawing on April 2004 to March 2005 data from 953 general practitioners on 95,300 GP-patient encounters, this report describes aspects of general practice in Australia: the general practitioners and their patients; the problems managed and the treatments provided.

Research report

2 Dec 2005

This report covers all finalised adoptions, including information on adopted children, adoptive families and birth mothers. It provides data on the number of requests for information and the number of contact and information vetoes lodged by parties to an adoption. Important trends in the number...

Research report

1 Dec 2005

Held in November 2005, the forum covered ICT, digital media, telecommunications, broadcasting, communications culture, media ownership, the internet and e-commerce. The papers available online are:

• The development of telecommunications in Europe – regulation and economic effects, Martin Cave

• Globalisation and vulnerability:...

Research report

1 Dec 2005

The Hon Alastair Nicholson explores the nature of justice under the current government, looking at examples such as the mandatory and unlimited detention of asylum seekers, the provisions of Australia’s new security legislation and the limited access to justice of people who are facing the...

Research report

1 Dec 2005

This 2005 survey collected opinions across the business spectrum including SRI practitioners, institutional investors, related stakeholders, and interested government departments. These results provide an understanding of the instruments that key industry members believe are most likely to encourage the widespread uptake of SRI.

Research report

1 Dec 2005

Sean McNelis argues that financial crises are endemic to Australian public housing and that public housing managers cannot trade-off affordability for financial viability. He concludes his analysis by proposing a solution to the current financial crisis.

Research report

1 Dec 2005

This report finds that Australia’s per capita rate of adoptions from overseas is less than one third the rate of most first world economies, that many adoptive families cannot access important benefits and entitlements, that non-government agencies have a limited role in processing adoption applications,...

Research report

1 Dec 2005

This committee reviewed the operation, effectiveness and implications of Division 3 of Part III in the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979. The sunset clause for this provision comes into operation on 22 July 2006. This report is intended to inform the reintroduction of the...

Research report

1 Dec 2005

The majority of young Australians experience at least a short period of time outside of full-time education and the labour force in the early years after leaving secondary school. Kylie Hillman identifies the characteristics, activities and later destinations of young people who had spent time...

Commentary

Article

1 Dec 2005

Behind the execution of Nguyen Tuong Van lies a repressive city-state whose problems are becoming clearer, says Garry Rodan

WHATEVER the merits or otherwise of the Singapore government’s refusal to grant clemency to Nguyen Tuong Van, its handling has dealt a blow to...

Research report

1 Dec 2005

Australians who currently use cannabis medicinally do so illegally and without assurances of quality control. Analysing survey data from 128 participants Wendy Swift, Peter Gates and Paul Dillon found that cannabis was perceived to provide ‘great relief’ overall (86 per cent of respondents), and substantial...

Research report

1 Dec 2005

Biljana Sekulovska-Gaber presents the preliminary findings of a collaborative study drawing on the results of a survey exploring Macedonian diaspora communities in Australia as agents of development.

Research report

1 Dec 2005

The main reason that unsuccessful applicants to university miss out on a place is their lower level of academic performance, Gary N. Marks finds. This report focuses on a group of young Australians who applied to attend university but were not offered a place. These...