January 2006

Research report

1 Feb 2006

In November 2005, the NSW Attorney General announced that the government would introduce majority verdicts of 11:1 for criminal trials. If the proposed measures pass into legislation, majority verdicts would be available for all criminal offences, provided a minimum deliberation period has passed. Talina Drabsch...

Commentary

Article

1 Feb 2006

AS EARLY CHILDHOOD experts and commentators have often said, much current child care and early childhood policy is based on outdated ideas of parents’ workforce participation, family and workplace mobility, and what constitutes a ‘working week’. It also largely ignores the long discredited distinction between...

Research report

1 Feb 2006

Rod McDonald presents a model for the effective delivery of e-learning programs to Indigenous learners by registered training organisations, individuals, communities, and other organisations. The report identifies key strategies that have led to positive training outcomes with Indigenous learners and involved a comprehensive analysis of...

Research report

1 Feb 2006

Rod McDonald presents a model for the effective delivery of e-learning programs to Indigenous learners by registered training organisations, individuals, communities, and other organisations. The report identifies key strategies that have led to positive training outcomes with Indigenous learners and involved a comprehensive analysis of...

Research report

31 Jan 2006

Produced by the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision, this report reviews the performance of the states in the areas of health, community services, housing, justice and emergency management.

Conference paper

1 Feb 2006

John Wanna examines the tortuous processes through which a charter of ‘values’ was introduced to the Australian Public Service Act in 1999. It first charts the political debates and context that shaped the introduction of these ‘APS values’, then evaluates the implementation of these values...

Transcript

30 Nov 2005

Richard Madden, director of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, discusses the role of statistics in a society like Australia and the values that have underpinned the AIHW’s work, and comments on some of the issues that have arisen at AIHW over the past...

Research report

1 Feb 2006

Using census data Rebecca Kippen, Ann Evans and Edith Gray find that parents are much more likely to have a third or fourth birth if existing children are all of the same sex.

They argue that future widespread use of reliable sex selection technologies...

Research report

1 Feb 2006

Incomes earned by those on the basic wage or just above have increased far less than house prices have increased, during the last 25 years, yet governments have largely withdrawn from providing housing for people encountering housing difficulties. Instead, writes John Wilkinson, they have turned...

Research report

1 Feb 2006

John Burgess, Lindy Henderson and Glenda Strachan compared women’s roles, expectations and experiences in two comparable, male-dominated industrial manufacturing companies. Good jobs and poor jobs existed in the same legislative and industrial framework and in the same local labour market. The differences are located in...

Research report

1 Feb 2006

Rapid developments in the call centre industry have seen their evolution into contact centres providing both telephony and internet services to customers. Is this their ultimate form, ask Bernadine Cantrick-Brooks, Pamela Mathews and Zeenobiyah Naadiyah Hannif, or will they continue to evolve into something quite...

Commentary

Article

27 Jan 2006

Anna Johnston outlines the arguments against a national identity card for Australians

THE PUBLIC DEBATE about the Australian government’s recent proposal to re-examine the idea of a national identity card in light of twenty-first century bugbears (terrorism, immigration debacles, the growth of identity...

Research report

27 Jan 2006

Klaus Neumann uses two recent incidents – the asylum request by the Chinese diplomat Chen Yonglin in May 2005, and the discovery of four stowaways on an Australia-bound cargo ship some six months later – to delve into the history and meaning of asylum in Australia.

Research report

19 Jan 2006

Australia’s broad health outcomes compare favourably with those of similarly developed countries. Total spending on health care, while around 10 per cent of GDP and rising, is also comparable. In no small part, these outcomes are due to the expertise and commitment of the health...

Research report

27 Jan 2006

This report on the state of AM radio in Australia examines technical and transmitter site issues, as well as audience, profitability and ownership issues that affect the delivery of AM radio services in Australia. It also examines the potential future for AM radio in a...

Research report

27 Jan 2006

This report presents the main findings from a recent survey investigating the perceptions and behaviours of online Australians with specific focus on persons choosing to transact online. It sheds light on a number of key issues relating to online consumer trust, including the level of...

Research report

27 Jan 2006

In 2002, the Victorian government released its Melbourne 2030 urban planning blueprint, which advocated significantly increased residential densities across Melbourne. One of the aspirations of this plan is to provide housing opportunities for less well off households. However, there is already evidence of growing concentrations...

Research report

27 Jan 2006

This is the tenth annual report of the Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP) National Data Collection. It provides an overview of assistance given to clients and their children by the program in 2004-05. SAAP provides transitional supported accommodation and related support services to help homeless...

Research report

27 Jan 2006

Low fertility and the degrading of motherhood are class issues, writes Pru Goward, which explains why the so-called chattering classes are so concerned about them: it is the women of this class who are not having children or are leaving them in child care. As...

Research report

27 Jan 2006

This is the first of two reports by Kelly Madden and Margie Law which draw on data from the Tasmanian Community Survey, which investigated the standard of living, employment experiences and wellbeing of the Tasmanian community. This report focuses on access to financial and other...

Research report

27 Jan 2006

Alcohol is available at a wide range of sporting, music and other public events and often is a central focus of celebrations of success and achievement. Unfortunately, alcohol is also associated with verbal and physical abuse, arrests for aggressive behaviour and violence and admissions to...

Research report

25 Jan 2006

Research conducted on VCE data over the past ten years illustrates the flawed general statement that ‘girls outperform boys’ at VCE level, and draws attention to the dangers associated with referring to differences between classes as the class/teacher effect or as the teacher effect. These...

Research report

25 Jan 2006

This analysis of 2003 results in the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment finds that Australian students are among the world’s leading users of computers in education both at school and in the home. ACER led the international consortium that conducted the PISA 2003 assessments...

Research report

25 Jan 2006

Wolfgang Kasper analyses the results of the latest international survey of corruption, arguing that ‘corruption is a blight on social stability and economic growth. The abuse of political power for private benefit is profoundly unjust to those who are honest or poor.’

Research report

24 Jan 2006

Severe spinal cord injury is a very debilitating injury. Australia was the first country to implement a national population-based register to enable surveillance of cases to help prevent and control this problem. This report provides information on case registrations for the year 2003–04.

Research report

16 Jan 2006

Whenever the military is used to aid the civilian authorities within Australia, the law must ensure that excessive force (including torture) is not permitted and that human rights obligations are fully respected, argues Ben Saul in this submission to the Senate inquiry into this legislation....

Research report

18 Dec 2005

This report discusses various models of community consultation and documents why there is currently such enthusiasm for community consultation at the local and state level in Victoria. The report also includes new research about practical approaches in Victoria to reaching people who may be disengaged,...

Research report

17 Jan 2006

Migration has been an important influence on Australian society and economy. Today, Australia has about 7 million more people due to migration since the Second World War. In 2001, about 4.5 million people (23 per cent of the population) and 2.4 million workers (25 per...

Research report

18 Jan 2006

Several cross-country studies have observed a negative correlation between inequality and interpersonal trust. Using data from 59 countries, Andrew Leigh finds that a rise in inequality does reduce trust.

Research report

18 Jan 2006

Peng Yu analyses the results of a study of the effect of the education on people’s fertility expectation in Australia, using the first wave of the HILDA Survey conducted in 2001.

Research report

18 Jan 2006

This report is based on information from three national child protection data collections – child protection notifications, investigations and substantiations; children on care and protection orders; and children in out-of-home care – made each year by the AIHW from the community services departments in each...

Journal article

18 Jan 2006

Efforts to develop more effective primary health care need a more balanced approach to reform, with a better balance across the different elements of primary health care and greater integration across programs, argue Gawaine Powell Davies , Wendy Hu, Julie McDonald, John Furler, Elizabeth Harris...

Research report

18 Jan 2006

The federal government’s industrial relations reforms are the most sweeping changes in the past century. After reviewing international evidence and local experiences with de-regulating award systems, Chris Briggs examines the likely labour market, economic and social effects of the changes to federal laws.

Research report

18 Jan 2006

The non-apprenticeship VET sector provides a successful pathway from school to further education and training for young Australians from all socioeconomic backgrounds, according to Julie McMillan, Sheldon Rothman and Nicole Wernert. They find that around 20 per cent of young Australians had enrolled in a...

Research report

20 Dec 2006

In this Bill Digest, Dale Daniels and Katrina Gunn outline the main provisions of the legislation, which amends previous legislation concerning the work/training/study test that determines the maximum number of hours of child care for which Child Care Benefit may be paid. The amendments will...

Technical report

15 Jan 2006

Pear scab, or black spot, is caused by the fungus Venturia pirina . It infects leaves, shoots, blossoms and fruit, and can cause serious crop loss especially in wet seasons when control measures are inadequate. The disease is found world-wide, wherever pears are grown. The...

Commentary

Article

10 Jan 2006

IT IS ALMOST 25 years since Kerry Packer came to speak to a media politics class that I taught with Professor Henry Mayer. Finding myself alone with him, I tried to make light conversation by saying that I had read in the paper that he...

Research report

10 Jan 2006

Victoria now looks set to become the first Australian state with a bill of rights. Carolyn Evans and Simon Evans assess the Consultation Committee’s proposals.

Research report

10 Jan 2006

Victoria now looks set to become the first Australian state with a bill of rights. Dan McCluskey summarises the proposed Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities.

Research report

10 Jan 2006

This report sets out priority activities aimed at improving the quality, coverage, utilisation and coordination of public health information in Australia.

Research report

10 Jan 2006

This strategic plan for community services information outlines priorities for the National Community Services Information Strategic Plan (NCSIMG) for the next five years, communicate achievements over the past five years, clarifies the purpose and membership of the NSCIMG, and its relationship to other bodies, and...

Research report

10 Jan 2006

Using a large Australian social survey, combined with precise data on neighbourhood characteristics, Andrew Leigh explores the factors that affect trust at local and national levels. Trust is positively associated with the respondent’s education, and negatively associated with the amount of time spent commuting. Trust...

Discussion paper

10 Jan 2006

Using US data, they reach two conclusions: first, excise taxes have a significant effect on passive smoking; second, smoking bans have on average no effects on non smokers. While bans in public transportation or in schools decrease the exposure of non smokers, bans in recreational...