February 2006

Report

28 Feb 2006

This chronology of the detention of Mamdouh Habib and David Hicks covers the period from 27 September 2001 to 18 February 2006. It serves to record key events and relevant commentary by a variety of persons and organisations, and is sourced mainly from media reports,...

Report

28 Feb 2006

In this updated report Susan Dawe and Richard Elvins incorporate the findings of two additional studies. In both cases they support the key messages of the earlier report, with an additional influence on the likelihood of skills development for the mature-aged leading to employment emerging...

Report

27 Feb 2006

In this paper Andrew Norton argues that a more realistic loan cap needs to be implemented so that the federal government’s FEE-HELP scheme can achieve its stated objectives of reducing unmet demand and assisting students to access their preferred course. FEE-HELP has the potential to...

Report

24 Feb 2006

Sarah Miskin and Martin Lumb examine the biographical details of the 226 senators and members of the 41st Australian parliament. They show that, generally, they are middle-aged, well-educated men, many of whom have worked in politics-related occupations immediately before being elected. The note concludes with...

Report

21 Feb 2006

Introduction

The Parliamentary Library has decided to republish the paper on electoral systems written in 1989 by Gerard Newman. The paper is concerned with the mechanics of translating votes into seats as well as the consequences of using particular systems. It does not...

Report

27 Feb 2006

In Griffith REVIEW 11 , Getting Smart: The Battle for Ideas in Education, Anna Clark explores the ‘values’ debate in the teaching of history and the emergence of values in education policy and funding. She argues that it is not the teaching of values to...

Report

27 Feb 2006

Lenny Roth provides an overview of the main provisions of the federal government’s Work Choices legislation and the current High Court challenge mounted by state governments. He looks at the coverage of new system and at changes to award wages, award conditions, legislative conditions, workplace...

Report

24 Feb 2006

Recognition of prior learning is a process whereby people have the skills and knowledge they have developed outside the formal education system assessed and valued against qualifications frameworks. Jo Hargreaves gives an overview of recent research into recognition of prior learning within the Australian vocational...

Report

24 Feb 2006

In nursing homes, child care centres, migrant welfare services, group homes for people with disabilities, and elsewhere around Australia, workers are employed to help other people meet their daily needs. These employees perform paid 'care work' in Australia’s community service industries. Gabrielle Meagher and Karen...

Report

24 Feb 2006

Stephen Kemmis, Marianne Thurling, Roslin Brennan Kemmis, Peter Rushbrook and Richard Pickersgill explore the extent and distribution of Indigenous staffing in vocational education and training (VET) and various aspects of their employment experience within the VET sector. They note a recent decline in Indigenous staff...

Report

23 Feb 2006

In the face of unprecedented change, many rural communities are rethinking the concept and implications of socio-economic development, and creating new and innovative responses to emerging political, social, and environmental conditions. Maureen Rogers and Rhett Walker discuss the nature and implications of this challenge and...

Commentary

Article

23 Feb 2006

The campaign has finally begun. Geoff Anderson and Haydon Manning report on the opening salvos

SOUTH AUSTRALIANS will vote in the state’s first fixed term election on 18 March. Although the date has been known for over four years, that didn’t stop the...

Commentary

Article

23 Feb 2006

IN OPENING the Liberal Party’s campaign for the 2006 state election, Rob Kerin declared that the state of the economy will be his primary focus. South Australia, he said, was lagging the nation in economic and employment growth and that exports had taken a nose...

Report

23 Feb 2006

One recent means of addressing the supposed asymmetry of knowledge between finance providers and consumers has been the introduction of mandatory comparison rates, which calculate the total cost of a fixed term loan, including interest and all fees and charges. Scott Ewing looks at Australian...

Report

23 Feb 2006

Feminist economists are studying marketised care services, such as nursing homes, as the intersection of the performance of ‘care’, traditionally unpaid and provided within families by women, and ‘work’ as a paid means of earning a living. During research towards her doctoral thesis on how...

Report

22 Feb 2006

This publication provides information on each state and territory's merchandise and services trade with the world, presented on a financial year basis with a three year time series. Section 1, the state and territory trade overview, is available online.

Report

22 Feb 2006

In April 1997 ABC TV’s Four Corners revealed details of Kerry Packer’s failed lobbying to win the licence for the Sydney casino – especially his company’s efforts to discredit its main competitor – and transactions made while he was the dominant shareholder in ANI, which...

Journal article

22 Feb 2006

In recent years, national and state/territory governments have undertaken an increasing number of initiatives to improve links between general practice and the rest of the primary health care sector. This paper reviews how far these initiatives have contributed to a well functioning and comprehensive primary...

Report

22 Feb 2006

The Juvenile Justice national minimum data set is based on the experience of the young person within juvenile justice supervision, making it somewhat different to other criminal justice collections, which focus on legal orders. The data in this first report of the new data set...

Report

22 Feb 2006

The Agriculture and Food Policy Reference Group was commissioned in March 2005 to help guide the development of future directions in Australian government policies and programs affecting the agriculture and food sector. In this report the Group identifies the major issues needing attention if the...

Journal article

21 Feb 2006

Linda Harrison and Judy Ungerer provide an overview of data from the Growing Up in Australia study on patterns of use of child care. Early childhood education and child care are a feature of the wider environment that will affect children over the course of...

Report

21 Feb 2006

In this background paper for the Housing Affordability for Lower Income Australians project, Judith Yates and Michelle Gabriel analyse new estimates of the numbers of households with affordability problems, assess which households are most at risk of having moderate or severe housing affordability problems, and...

Other text

21 Feb 2006

A small but growing group of well-educated urban dwellers, often in well-paying jobs, is challenging the socially sanctioned revulsion around waste by engaging in ‘skip dipping’: sorting through the contents of publicly located skips for items which are still useful. Emma Rush examines the phenomenon...

Report

21 Feb 2006

In this speech to the Climate Change and Business Conference in February 2006, Clive Hamilton argues that powerful lobbyists are using methods both subtle and brutal to advance their interests in relation to climate change. He describes these lobbyists and how they influence Australian government...

Commentary

Article

20 Feb 2006

Is Brendan Nelson “the subject of serious seduction” in his new job at Defence? Geoffrey Barker thinks not.

BRENDAN NELSON’S appointment as defence minister has triggered three remarkable pre-emptive strikes designed to capture the new minister’s thinking on Australia’s strategic defence policy....

Report

20 Feb 2006

Theorists have also suggested that the natural environment will be a likely beneficiary of deliberative democarcy, given the inherent rationality in supporting interests that will lead to the long-term survival of the planet. Ivan Zwart addresses the question of general environmental interests through two case...

Report

20 Feb 2006

Jeff McMullen, chair of the Ian Thorpe Fountain for Youth which is involved in improving educational and health outcomes, explains how literacy can mean life in remote Aboriginal communities. He writes, ‘Doctors have told me that every extra year of education for a young woman...

Report

16 Feb 2006

Steven Kennedy, Jim Thomson and Petar Vujanovic discuss the pathways through which a pandemic might affect the Australian economy. They find that confidence effects and the (large) short term withdrawal of labour are probably the dominant mechanisms through which a pandemic adversely affects the economy....

Report

16 Feb 2006

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has concluded that most of the observed warming over the last 50 years is likely to have been due to the increase in greenhouse gas concentrations. However, this ‘consensus’ science of the IPCC has been disputed. Stewart Smith examines...

Report

16 Feb 2006

This report presents a comprehensive picture of the impact of stroke on patient, their carers, the heath system and aged care services. It brings together the latest Australian data on the various phases of the management of people with stroke across the continuum of care....

Report

16 Feb 2006

Assisted reproductive technology in Australia and New Zealand 2003 presents information on all assisted reproduction technology treatments that took place in 2003 and the resulting pregnancies and births. The report includes specific data on pregnancy success rates and how they vary by treatment type, cause...

Report

16 Feb 2006

This seminar, featuring industry speakers and regulators, discussed the likely changes to digital TV business strategy and official policy, examining how services and audiences for both subscription and free TV can increase. Papers and presentations are available online.

Report

16 Feb 2006

This report from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner, Tom Calma, analyses the current approach to Indigenous health and proposes a campaign to achieve equality in health status. The campaign recommends that governments commit to achieving equality of health status and life...

Report

16 Feb 2006

This report from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner, Tom Calma, examines some of the issues that have arisen during the debate around the National Indigenous Council Land Tenure Principles and proposed changes to the communal nature of land interests to promote...

Report

16 Feb 2006

If Australia is to keep pace with international production trends and to provide viewers with the range and quality of television experienced around the rest of the world, argues the committee, then now is the time to get serious about getting digital. This report examines...

Report

16 Feb 2006

Andrew Lynch tests the assumption that constitutional cases generally produce a heightened level of disagreement among members of the High Court. He finds that although the court decides a higher percentage of constitutional cases over dissenting opinions than it does overall, there is not enough...

Commentary

Article

16 Feb 2006

UNEMPLOYMENT hasn’t been front-page news for some years. The main labour market story in the past couple of years has been the emergence, for the first time since the 1980s, of significant labour shortages for some classes of skilled worker.

Despite these shortages, the...

Report

15 Feb 2006

This report by the Council of Australian Governments’ National Reform Initiative Working Group makes a series of recommendations in relation to workforce participation and productivity and increased prevention and early intervention within the health system. The recommendations were largely adopted by the COAG meeting in...

Report

15 Feb 2006

Garry Rodan and Kanishka Jayasuriya argue that governments in the region need to be identified not in terms of institutional attributes but in terms of the spaces of political participation they establish through which certain forms of conflicts are managed, ameliorated or contained.

Report

13 Feb 2006

The 46-year-old Stephen Harper is Canada’s 22nd Prime Minister. The new government is the tenth minority government elected since 1925, the average duration of which has been one year, five months and 22 days. It seems unlikely that the new government will run full term....

Report

14 Feb 2006

In this article for Griffith Review 11 – Getting Smart: The Battle for Ideas in Education, Gavin Moodie argues that national strategies to expand education need to be more broadly based. Celebrating only narrow notions of research and excellence, obscure the reality that higher education...

Report

14 Feb 2006

In this latest Australian Unity Wellbeing Index report, Robert A. Cummins, T’Meika Knapp, Jacqui Woerner, Jenny Walter and Kathryn Page examine the differences between reported feelings of wellbeing across Australia. Among other things, they find that differences in wellbeing are not simply based in economics....

Commentary

Article

14 Feb 2006

THAT South Australia experienced such widespread and poorly managed electricity blackouts in January is totally unacceptable in the twenty-first century. The blackouts happened in a state that once boasted one of the most affordable and reliable electricity systems in the world. There is no doubt...

Report

10 Feb 2006

Queensland was the first Australian jurisdiction to introduce legislation to protect whistleblowers. David Solomon reviews the operation of the law and argues that more protection is needed.

Report

10 Feb 2006

Ray Jordan provides background on the 1980s proposal by the Labor government to introduce a national identity card (the Australia Card), its subsequent defeat, and on current initiatives by the Coalition government to consider an ID card in an effort to deter crime and terrorist...

Report

7 Feb 2006

The current regulatory system plays a necessary and important role in identifying and removing unsafe products through recalls, bans and standards. Overall, the regulatory system, in combination with other mechanisms, delivers a reasonable level of product safety, as expected by Australian consumers. Nevertheless there is...

Report

9 Feb 2006

The inquiry into the legal and ethical issues surrounding the protection of human genetic information was conducted by the Australian Law Reform Commission and the Australian Health Ethics Committee of the National Health and Medical Research Council. In this publication the government responds to the...

Report

9 Feb 2006

Australia must have a single set of streamlined, flexible evidence laws that will protect witnesses as well as parties, recognise the importance of confidential relationships, and curb legal ‘games’ in the courtroom, according to this ALRC report. The report contains 63 recommendations for reform at...

Report

9 Feb 2006

Ruth Weston, Lixia Qu and David de Vaus examine the factors that discriminate between cohabiting couples who choose to marry, those who choose to separate, and those who continue to cohabit. They use three waves of data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in...

Report

9 Feb 2006

Labour force data shows that the employment rate of women who have not-employed partners is lower than partnered women with employed partners. To help to understand why the employment rates might be lower in families with not-employed husbands, Jennifer Baxter analyses women's labour force data...

Discussion paper

9 Feb 2006

Wealth is an important measure of overall economic well-being, and influences migrants’ ability to integrate into their new country. Using data from the 2002 HILDA survey, Rochelle Belkar explores the disparity between the wealth distributions of Australian and foreign-born households. Her results reveal that immigrants...

Discussion paper

9 Feb 2006

Hielke Buddelmeyer and Roger Wilkins describe the dynamics of smoking behaviour in Australia, using HILDA data to track individuals’ smoking behaviour over the period 2001 to 2003, during which time smoking ban initiatives in Queensland, Victoria and the Northern Territory came into effect. They exploit...

Report

9 Feb 2006

This committee report canvasses a variety of views on the legislation but does not make any recommendation as to whether it should pass. The committee’s sole recommendation is that increased financial support be provided to improve sex education, make birth control measures more widely available,...

Report

9 Feb 2006

This committee report examines the provisions of the federal government’s legislation, which is endorsed by the majority of committee members. A dissenting report by Green and Labor senators is published as part of the report.

Report

9 Feb 2006

The idea that unemployment is the principal cause of poverty among those of workforce age has been a central finding of poverty research. Peter Saunders examines the links that exist between employment, unemployment, joblessness and poverty against the background of the growing diversity of labour...

Report

9 Feb 2006

Gareth Griffith examines the potential implications for New south Wales arising from the recent debate on free speech, most notably in respect to the Commonwealth’s new anti-terrorism legislation.

The paper focuses on three areas of the law, all of which impinge on the...

Report

8 Feb 2006

Damon Anderson evaluates, from a national perspective, the impact and outcomes of market reform in vocational education and training (VET), particularly the introduction of competitive tendering and ‘user choice’. He does so by examining the structure, composition and dynamics of contestable or ‘quasi-markets’, assessing the...

Report

8 Feb 2006

Vocational education and training (VET) programs for young people in schools have significantly expanded over the past decade. Janet Porter investigates stakeholders’ views on school-based vocational programs in New South Wales and Queensland schools from 2000 to 2002, and examines the objectives and expected outcomes...

Report

8 Feb 2006

Teaching and learning styles in the vocational education and training sector have changed substantially over the last decade in response to changed national and international conditions. Peter Smith and Damian Blake describe these changes, which can basically be summarised as a shift from traditional teaching...

Report

8 Feb 2006

This publication is based on an extract from Australia’s Welfare 2005, the institute’s comprehensive report on national information on welfare services. This publication is based on an extract from Australia’s Welfare 2005, the institute’s comprehensive report on national information on welfare services.

Commentary

Article

8 Feb 2006

Iran’s nuclear stand-off challenges the idea of an international community, writes Andy Butfoy

THE CRISIS over Iran’s nuclear program is revealing three important lessons about world politics.

Lesson one is for Iran: atomic adventurism can be a double-edged sword, especially if it...

Report

7 Feb 2006

Despite not developing either a domestic nuclear power industry or a nuclear weapons capability, Australia has had a long involvement in nuclear science and technology. In this chronology Ian Holland and Matthew James outline the history of radioactive waste management in Australia, including the management...

Report

7 Feb 2006

When the people of the future come to write the histories of the early 21st century, they will note the discussions of increasing inequality and the evidence of division and they will ask: who stood and spoke against this? Who offered hope and solutions, and...

Commentary

Article

2 Feb 2006

ONE of the striking features of the era of microeconomic reform has been the extent to which the rhetoric of deregulation and choice has coexisted with the steady expansion of centralised government power at the expense of state and local choice and diversity.

The...

Commentary

Article

2 Feb 2006

Taxing and spending, if it’s done carefully, is no bad thing, writes Nicholas Gruen

YOU’D think that cutting top marginal rates would have stronger political opponents than John Howard and Peter Costello. But the ‘cut top rates’ bandwagon just keeps rolling - even...

Commentary

Article

1 Feb 2006

AS EARLY CHILDHOOD experts and commentators have often said, much current child care and early childhood policy is based on outdated ideas of parents’ workforce participation, family and workplace mobility, and what constitutes a ‘working week’. It also largely ignores the long discredited distinction between...

Report

1 Feb 2006

Rod McDonald presents a model for the effective delivery of e-learning programs to Indigenous learners by registered training organisations, individuals, communities, and other organisations. The report identifies key strategies that have led to positive training outcomes with Indigenous learners and involved a comprehensive analysis of...

Transcript

30 Nov 2005

Richard Madden, director of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, discusses the role of statistics in a society like Australia and the values that have underpinned the AIHW’s work, and comments on some of the issues that have arisen at AIHW over the past...

Report

1 Feb 2006

Using census data Rebecca Kippen, Ann Evans and Edith Gray find that parents are much more likely to have a third or fourth birth if existing children are all of the same sex.

They argue that future widespread use of reliable sex selection technologies...

Report

1 Feb 2006

Rapid developments in the call centre industry have seen their evolution into contact centres providing both telephony and internet services to customers. Is this their ultimate form, ask Bernadine Cantrick-Brooks, Pamela Mathews and Zeenobiyah Naadiyah Hannif, or will they continue to evolve into something quite...

Report

1 Feb 2006

John Burgess, Lindy Henderson and Glenda Strachan compared women’s roles, expectations and experiences in two comparable, male-dominated industrial manufacturing companies. Good jobs and poor jobs existed in the same legislative and industrial framework and in the same local labour market. The differences are located in...

Report

1 Feb 2006

Incomes earned by those on the basic wage or just above have increased far less than house prices have increased, during the last 25 years, yet governments have largely withdrawn from providing housing for people encountering housing difficulties. Instead, writes John Wilkinson, they have turned...

Report

1 Feb 2006

In November 2005, the NSW Attorney General announced that the government would introduce majority verdicts of 11:1 for criminal trials. If the proposed measures pass into legislation, majority verdicts would be available for all criminal offences, provided a minimum deliberation period has passed. Talina Drabsch...

Report

31 Jan 2006

Produced by the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision, this report reviews the performance of the states in the areas of health, community services, housing, justice and emergency management.

Conference paper

1 Feb 2006

John Wanna examines the tortuous processes through which a charter of ‘values’ was introduced to the Australian Public Service Act in 1999. It first charts the political debates and context that shaped the introduction of these ‘APS values’, then evaluates the implementation of these values...

Report

1 Feb 2006

Rod McDonald presents a model for the effective delivery of e-learning programs to Indigenous learners by registered training organisations, individuals, communities, and other organisations. The report identifies key strategies that have led to positive training outcomes with Indigenous learners and involved a comprehensive analysis of...