April 2006

Research report

28 Apr 2006

Changes in the affordability of child care have implications for many areas of policy. From an adult’s perspective, it affects balancing work and family, participation in the labour force, participation in education and training, and community involvement. From a child’s perspective, it affects equitable access...

Research report

27 Apr 2006

The government has released its proposed media law reforms, and its regional Australia that stands to lose the most. Tim Dwyer, Derek Wilding, Helen Wilson and Simon Curtis examine four regional locations : Wollongong, Townsville, Launceston and Toowoomba, and find that residents have few sources...

Research report

27 Apr 2006

The government has released its proposed media law reforms, and its regional Australia that stands to lose the most. Tim Dwyer, Derek Wilding, Helen Wilson and Simon Curtis examine four regional locations – Wollongong, Townsville, Launceston and Toowoomba – and find that residents have few...

Journal article

27 Apr 2006

Anne W. Taylor, Carmel Williams, Eleonora Dal Grande and Michelle Herriot assess the social capital profile of a known disadvantaged area using a large cross-sectional survey and comparing the results with statewide indicators.

Submission

27 Apr 2006

Modernising sedition offences creates the risk that prosecutors may seek to use them more often, in the belief that the new offences are better adapted to modern conditions and thus more legitimate. In this submission to the current inquiry into the laws, Ben Saul argues...

Research report

26 Apr 2006

Recent attempts to reconfigure urban transport planning in Auckland around conceptions of sustainability have simply reproduced the kind of auto-dominated transport plans that have been pursued since the 1950s, albeit with ‘greener’ rhetoric. Paul Mees and Jago Dodson look at why this has occurred.

Research report

26 Apr 2006

Using data in which both partners report about household finances to, Robert Breunig, Deborah Cobb-Clark, Xiaodong Gong and Danielle Venn demonstrate that there is often disagreement about whether the household has experienced financial difficulty in the past year. This implies that standard surveys which collect...

Research report

26 Apr 2006

This white paper on Australia’s overseas aid program will direct the delivery of aid over the next ten years. It outlines how the government will approach the projected doubling of Australia’s aid budget from its 2004 level to around $4 billion annually by 2010, as...

Research report

26 Apr 2006

It is fundamental to the rule of law that like cases be treated alike. Yet, with hundreds of judges in tens of countries applying the law established in the Refugee Convention, there is considerable divergence in the way this universal law is applied. In this...

Research report

26 Apr 2006

Complementary protection is a relatively new term in the Australian context, describing the protection granted by governments to individuals on the basis of needs falling outside the 1951 Convention framework. Jane McAdam examines the fundamental conceptual connections between international refugee law and human rights law...

Research report

24 Apr 2006

James Walter reviews how the role of ministerial advisors in Australia has evolved to their current status as ‘political hitmen’. The lack of adequate accountability measures for ministerial advisers has contributed to the concentration of power in the government, the narrowing of the scope of...

Research report

24 Apr 2006

Anika Gauja considers the need for regulations requiring political parties to adopt internal democracy. Drawing on examples from abroad, she concludes that, in spite of objections, the arguments for requiring greater intra-party democracy are compelling.

Research report

19 Apr 2006

Martin Lumb and Scott Bennett provide an overview of the war service record of Australian parliamentarians since federation.

Research report

24 Apr 2006

In this e-Brief Roy Jordan provides background on the history of sedition as a Commonwealth criminal offence. Some examples of past sedition prosecutions are given.

Proposals for reform in the early 1990s are outlined as well as the controversial amendments which were made during...

Research report

24 Apr 2006

Ron Huisken argues that after a difficult and somewhat unilateralist start, the US-led Proliferation Security Initiative appears to be maturing into a useful and accepted counter-proliferation measure. While the inherent imprecision of the terms of UNSC 1540 “combines with the labyrinth of international law concerning...

Research report

24 Apr 2006

Parameswary Rasiah provides a critique of parliamentary question time. Analysing ministers’ responses to questions on the Iraq conflict, she highlights how they evade answering properly unless questions come from their own side, concluding that question time fails as a means to hold government to account....

Commentary

Article

19 Apr 2006

Australia shouldn’t - and can’t - avoid its obligations, argues Peter Mares

THE federal government has attempted to buy itself some temporary goodwill in Jakarta by toughening its approach to asylum seekers reaching the Australian mainland by boat. Papuans and others who seek...

Research report

13 Apr 2006

Since the mid-1990s, the government has made important changes to excises, and has proposed major changes to the excise on fuels. Richard Webb examines and analyses these changes.

Other text

20 Apr 2006

The relevance of native title to land use and the development of employment and training are explored in this address by the tribunal’s president Graeme Neate. The address outlines the current native title environment and outlines current opprtunities.

Research report

20 Apr 2006

This is an abridged report of an investigation into the handling by the Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs of the case of Mrs Aziza Yaukob Agha, an elderly Syrian visitor to Australia from Lebanon. Mrs Agha died shortly after attending a medical examination requested...

Research report

20 Apr 2006

This bulletin provides a preview of the reporting framework and key indicators that are the basis of the report Young Australians: Their Health and Wellbeing , scheduled for release in 2007.

Research report

20 Apr 2006

Narelle McGlusky and Lenora Thaker explore the literacy and numeracy support systems available to Indigenous VET students and determine which systems work for both students and teachers and produce positive outcomes for Indigenous students, including successful completion. They outline a set of best practice guidelines...

Research report

20 Apr 2006

Adding to NCVER’s comprehensive suite of adult literacy research overviews, this latest set for 2006 focuses on professional development for the language, literacy and numeracy workforce, literacy support of Indigenous people, and the social and economic benefits and costs of adult literacy provision. Overall, the...

Research report

1 Mar 2006

Carried out in early 2005, this is one of the largest surveys of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex (GLBTI) people ever conducted.

It aimed to document aspects of the health and wellbeing of a large sample of GLBTI people in Australia, to explore...

Research report

20 Apr 2006

Fred Argy discusses underlying structural inequalities and barriers to mobility that are distorting market outcomes in Australia. He identifies policy changes that could break down some of these barriers and make it easier for young Australians from disadvantaged homes to compete on a level playing...

Research report

20 Apr 2006

The Low Pay Project examines the effects of low pay on workers and their households. The first two reports from the project are based on interviews and focus groups with low paid workers earning less than $500 per week, $14 per hour or $26,700 per...

Research report

20 Apr 2006

Anu Rammohan and Stephen Whelan examine the implications of child care costs for maternal employment status by distinguishing between full-time and part-time work. Their results indicate that child care costs have a statistically insignificant effect on the decision to work either full time or part...

Research report

20 Apr 2006

Aydogan Ulker examines the relationship between non-standard job schedules and workers’ physical and mental health. His overall results generally suggest a negative relationship between non-standard work schedules and better health for both males and females. Regarding the statistical significance and magnitudes of the effects, however,...

Commentary

Article

13 Apr 2006

The arrival of 43 asylum seekers in Australia in January 2006 has again brought the issue of West Papua to international attention. The Australian government is studying proposals for the Royal Australian Navy, Air Force and Coastwatch to coordinate joint patrols...

Research report

13 Apr 2006

The commission’s Taskforce on Reducing the Regulatory Burden on Business was asked by the prime minister to identify practical options for alleviating the compliance burden on business from government regulation. Its report reports on areas where regulatory reform can provide significant immediate gains to business....

Research report

13 Apr 2006

The aim of this report to the Treasurer by Dick Warburton and Peter Hendy is to provide an authoritative statement on the public record about how Australian taxes compare to those in other countries. The study covers all forms of taxation collected at national, state...

Research report

13 Apr 2006

Göran Roos, Lisa Fernström and Oliver Gupta compare the innovation systems of Finland, Sweden and Australia, and identify policy options for improving Australia's innovation capacity.

Discussion paper

13 Apr 2006

Backing Indigenous Ability is a federal government program to help to improve telecommunications and broadcasting services in remote Indigenous communities. This paper outlines the design principles the government intends to apply to the telecommunications area of the program and seeks comments on key elements and...

Commentary

Article

12 Apr 2006

Created in 1970, the system of Senate estimates committees was intended as a more effective means for senators to put questions to ministers and public servants about government activities. Often a thorn in the side of government, the committees have played an important role in...

Commentary

Article

12 Apr 2006

We should start by thinking about what sort of schools we really want, writes David Burchell

EARLIER this week ‘senior Labor sources’ revealed to the national media that the ALP has abandoned the so-called ‘class war’ schools funding policy it took to the last...

Research report

7 Apr 2006

This report contains the commission’s latest quantitative estimates of Australian government budgetary assistance to industry. It also discusses recent developments in tariff, budgetary and other assistance in a range of sectors of the economy over the past year, and some recent international policy developments affecting...

Research report

13 Apr 2006

Sustainability reporting is becoming one of the basic criteria for judging the social responsibility of organisations. Business leaders are starting to realise that comprehensive reporting helps support company strategy and shows commitment to sustainable development. This is the third annual report in a series covering...

Research report

13 Apr 2006

In this speech to the Australian Broadcasting Summit, ACMA’s recently appointed chair, Chris Chapman, outlines the purpose and direction of the new organisation, discusses a number of contemporary issues relevant to the broadcasting sector and and briefly raises what the authority sees to be a...

Research report

13 Apr 2006

The research undertaken for this report was motivated by a concern that high housing costs in central city regions are excluding many lower paid workers from jobs in those regions. According to Judith Yates, Bill Randolph and Darren Holloway, claims that structural change has led...

Research report

13 Apr 2006

Assessing the social and economic costs of poor adult literacy and numeracy skills, and the benefits of investing in such skills, is largely unchartered territory in Australia. In this feasibility study Robyn Hartley and Jackie Horne explore the frameworks and methodologies available for determining and...

Research report

13 Apr 2006

Geoff Anderson and Haydon Manning review the election and analyse the Rann government’s commitment to abolishing the upper house and inclusion of non-Labor members in Cabinet. They also examine South Australia’s unique electoral redistribution formula.

Research report

13 Apr 2006

This bulletin by Peter Chapman synthesises the evidence from a range of AHURI studies and other research on housing affordability. It includes the latest estimates on housing affordability by Judith Yates and Michelle Gabriel from the AHURI Collaborative Research Venture, Housing Affordability for Lower Income...

Research report

13 Apr 2006

Göran Roos, Lisa Fernström and Oliver Gupta compare the innovation systems of Finland, Sweden and Australia, and identify policy options for improving Australia’s innovation capacity.

Research report

13 Apr 2006

In this background paper to its current inquiry, the commission describes the history of sedition, outlines the current state of the federal law on sedition and unlawful associations, and outlines the position in the states and territories. It surveys the relevant international laws and considers...

Research report

13 Apr 2006

Mismanagement of natural resource revenues, or over-dependence on them, can lead to a vicious trap of social breakdown and declining human development. Now that Australia and East Timor have signed the Treaty on Certain Maritime Arrangements in the Timor Sea, the challenge is to prevent...

Research report

12 Apr 2006

As part of a major overhaul of the Family Law Act, the federal government plans to spend $200 million establishing a network of Family Relationship Centres across the country. Arti Sharma argues that the centres won’t work and aren’t needed by 95 per cent of...

Research report

11 Apr 2006

The HILDA Survey provides a new type of social statistics for Australia – longitudinal panel statistics describing the ways in which people’s lives are changing. In this report Bruce Headey, Diana Warren and Glenys Harding provide information and statistical tables covering the four main areas...

Research report

11 Apr 2006

Almost 200,000 Australians are believed to have dementia and many more are involved in caring for a family or friend with dementia. Talina Drabsch provides an overview of the prevalence of dementia, now and over the next 50 years, and discusses its economic and social...

Journal article

24 Jan 2007

In this article the authors address the impact which post-September 11 counter-terrorist legislation has had on human rights and civil liberties in a number of common law jurisdictions. The authors conclude that the counter-terrorist legislative regimes in the countries discussed in the article do impinge...

Research report

10 Apr 2006

Kimberley Turner and Robyn Woolley explore the significance and value of adult education for women living in low socio-economic circumstances in Australia. Their report is based on research with women of low socioeconomic status conducted by WAVE in partnership with The Smith Family and makes...

Research report

10 Apr 2006

A team of researchers from four universities argues that the privatisation of Melbourne’s trams and trains has been an expensive failure. By June 2006, the privatised system will have cost $1.2 billion more in public subsidies than continued operation by the former Public Transport Corporation....

Research report

7 Apr 2006

Chris Atmore, Derek Wilding and Elizabeth Beal examine disputes between telecommunications providers and people with 'judgment-related?' disabilities in Victoria. Judgment-related disabilities can include intellectual disabilities, brain injuries, mental illness and dementia. They propose changes to law and policy that could help reduce disadvantage, including ways...

Research report

7 Apr 2006

Nic Maclellan reports that over 1000 Fijians are working in Iraq and Kuwait as soldiers, security guards, drivers and labourers, and more than 2000 Fijian soldiers are serving in the British Army. So far at least eight Fijians working in Iraq have been killed, with...

Research report

7 Apr 2006

Crazes for new drugs and the cultural fashions that surround them make the ‘aesthetic of addiction’ an ongoing feature of contemporary life, writes Brian Musgrove. And in an age when people are consumers first, and citizens second, how is the consuming habit of the addict...

Research report

7 Apr 2006

Recent public debate about the child care system in Australia has focused primarily on the availability and affordability of child care. Drawing on the results of a national survey of long day care centre staff, Emma Rush considers the quality of the care provided. For...

Research report

7 Apr 2006

The quality of Year 8 science teaching in Australia is strongly endorsed by the findings of this study by Jan Lokan, Hilary Hollingsworth and Mark Hackling. The Third International Mathematics and Science Study 1999 Video Study (TIMSS) investigated and described Year 8 Science teaching in...

Research report

7 Apr 2006

In this transcript of an address to the Fabian Society, Peter Fitzgerald questions the current enthusiasm among Australian governments for public–private partnerships.

Research report

7 Apr 2006

Paul Memmott, Stephen Long and Linda Thomson find that the people of Dajarra, Alpurrurulam and Mt Isa, although exceptionally mobile by Australian mainstream standards are, for the most, relatively stable in their customary attachment to their home community, country and their cultural region. This is...

Research report

7 Apr 2006

This statistical report documents morbidity and morbidity-related inequalities by area-level socioeconomic disadvantage, equivalised household income, education and occupation among infants and children, young adults, working-aged adults and older persons for the periods 1989–90, 1995 and 2001.

Research report

7 Apr 2006

Helen Hughes and Gaurav Sodhi argue that a new $89 million funding package to Vanuatu provided by the US Millennium Challenge Corporation will do little to address the rampant corruption and economic mismanagement that plague the country. The new US funding incorporates none of the...

Research report

7 Apr 2006

The Children and Families in Transition project aims to research the experiences and special service needs of separated families and their children in order to develop early intervention strategies to promote child-centred practices and positive, cooperative parenting. In this report on Phase A of the...

Research report

7 Apr 2006

Pacific island community and government leaders have long argued that increased access to the Australian and New Zealand labour markets, especially for unskilled workers, should be a central component of regional economic integration. Nic Maclellan and Peter Mares analyse the debate over remittances, migration and...

Research report

7 Apr 2006

Chris Atmore, Derek Wilding and Elizabeth Beal examine disputes between telecommunications providers and people with ‘judgment-related’ disabilities in Victoria. Judgment-related disabilities can include intellectual disabilities, brain injuries, mental illness and dementia. They propose changes to law and policy that could help reduce disadvantage, including ways...

Research report

6 Apr 2006

Analyses presented in this report show how the changes in the causes of death help to explain why we are living longer. The report describes patterns and trends in mortality over the century, highlighting the great successes but also some areas where improvements are still...

Commentary

Article

4 Apr 2006

Legislating now and trying to fix the problems later is a dangerous practice, argues Andrew Lynch

ANOTHER week; another anti-terrorism law is passed - this time increasing powers of intelligence agencies to intercept phone and message services of non-suspects. But in what is...

Transcript

2 Apr 2006

Recent media coverage suggests that Australia is in the grip of a methamphetamine crisis that is bringing our mental health system to the brink of collapse. Andrew Macintosh looks at three questions. How big is the methamphetamine problem? What are the effects of rising methamphetamine...