May 2006

Research report

31 May 2006

This summary report presents an overview of hospitals and hospital activity in Australia, further data on public hospitals, hospital performance indicator data, information on non-admitted patient care provided in public hospital emergency departments, and summary data on elective surgery waiting times for patients admitted to...

Research report

30 May 2006

Papers from the 2005 State of Australian Cities conference are progressively being added to the conference website. Conference themes included the city economy, the social city, the environmental city, changing city structures, city governance, and infrastructure.

Journal article

30 May 2006

Online networks can support broad communicative participation and interaction and new media technologies have the potential to allow individuals and groups to reflect, create, maintain, establish, challenge and subvert the media and political representations that affect them. For ‘peripheral’ youth - those living outside of...

Research report

29 May 2006

In the wake of the AWB bribery scandal, Jürgen Kurtz reviews Australia’s commitment to combating bribery of foreign officials. Despite ratifying the OECD’s anti-bribery convention in 1999 and passing its own anti-bribery legislation in 1999, Australia has yet to establish proper implementation machinery or to...

Research report

29 May 2006

James Jupp analyses the local government elections held on 4 May in England, which saw the Labour vote at 26 per cent fall below that of both the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats. There was a doubling of the seats held by the anti-immigration British National...

Research report

29 May 2006

John Wilkinson surveys the evidence on the role and character of the NSW tourism industry in a national context, and the opportunities and constraints faced by the industry.

Research report

23 May 2006

Neil Warren compares and benchmarks Australian and international arrangements for the allocation of taxation powers and expenditure responsibilities between central and subnational governments, and mechanisms for fiscal transfers between governments. He concludes that Australia performs comparatively poorly in international comparisons of intergovernmental fiscal arrangements.

Research report

25 May 2006

Around 3.3 million people were engaged in ‘non-traditional’ work in 2004, representing approximately one third of all employed people. Overall, this number had grown since 1998, but non-traditional work’s share of the total workforce remained largely unchanged. Non-traditional work is mostly a temporary or transitory...

Research report

26 May 2006

For the first time in its history Australia is in an interesting place at an interesting time, argues David Martin Jones, as the current ideology driving US foreign policy comes into conflict with developing Chinese reality, which is projecting its soft but essentially illiberal power...

Research report

25 May 2006

This is the text of the 2006 AHRC Annual Public Lecture, delivered by Professor Conor Gearty, Professor of Human Rights Law and Rausing Director of the Centre for the Study of Human Rights, London School of Economics.

Research report

25 May 2006

Stock markets in Australia and around the world are in record territory. Major city real estate prices are bouncing around their historic highs, and even commodity prices have soared in the last few years. Does the story of the South Sea Bubble help us to...

Research report

25 May 2006

This is the text of a recent speech by Paul Hunt, UN Special Rapporteur on the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, in which he asks: what does the right to health mean?

Research report

25 May 2006

In Australia, more than 90 percent of new hepatitis C infections occur among people who inject drugs. Continued discrimination and stigmatisation of drug users will obstruct efforts to prevent the further spread of the virus among the community, argue Max Hopwood and Carla Treloar.

Research report

24 May 2006

In this speech to a conference organised by the Castan Centre, David Manne outlines the government’s proposal for offshore processing of ‘boat people’, examines its implications in human and legal terms, and argues that the proposal is far more than a mere extension of the...

Research report

24 May 2006

The NSW government has announced that it will amend the Children and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Act to enable the Department of Community Services to apply to the Children’s Court to enter into parental responsibility contracts with parents of children who are at risk...

Research report

24 May 2006

In late October 2005, a delegation of eight members from the committee visited Australian Defence Force personnel deployed on active service in the Middle East. This is the report of that trip.

Report

22 May 2006

The Defence Update 2003 commented that Australia’s alliance with the US ‘remains a national asset’ and the ‘United States’ current political, economic, and military dominance adds further weight to the alliance relationship.’ This report looks at how the Australian–US alliance should be developed to best...

Research report

24 May 2006

What is ‘road rage’ and how prevalent is it? Is it increasing, and how does it rate against other forms of violence and harms resulting from driving? Russell Smith considers how to define the problem and quantify its extent.

Research report

23 May 2006

Between 1984 and 2004 the proportion of remanded prisoners rose from 12 to 20 percent of the total prisoner population, and the rate of prisoners remanded into custody tripled. In an attempt to identify the factors associated with high and low remand rates the researchers...

Research report

23 May 2006

20 May 2006 marks the sixth anniversary of Timorese independence. In this e-brief Susan Harris-Rimmer and Effi Tomaras give a brief summary of the transitional justice mechanisms employed in the case of Timor and the results so far.

Research report

24 Apr 2006

The Australian Government has asked the Commission to examine the impacts of migration and population growth on Australia’s productivity and economic growth. The Commission has been requested to report on:

the nature of international migration flows

the impact of migration,...

Research report

22 May 2006

Each election is unique, but the 2006 South Australian and Tasmanian elections had several features which were relevant to the analysis of such elections. Scott Bennett looks at each of the electoral contests separately, then makes some general observations about state elections in this country....

Research report

22 May 2006

This electronic brief provides links to web-based information and full-text articles relevant to selected countries having national elections in 2006. The brief will cover all elections held in the Pacific region, but coverage will be selective for Asia, Europe and the Middle East.

Research report

22 May 2006

The question of how the skills and knowledge of the adult language, literacy and numeracy workforce can be improved is particularly relevant in view of the ongoing debate on how language, literacy and numeracy skills should be taught. Sandra Mackay, Ursula Burgoyne, Diane Warwick and...

Research report

22 May 2006

Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, the UK prime minister and chancellor of the exchequer respectively, set out a highly ambitious ‘development’ agenda for 2005 at the Group of 8 annual summit in Gleneagles. This agenda embraced issues of aid and debt, trade and climate change....

Research report

22 May 2006

By contrast with findings from the United States, Andrew Leigh finds no evidence that the gender of the first child has a significant impact on the decision to marry or divorce in Australia. However, among two-child families, parents with two children of the same sex...

Research report

22 May 2006

The Bush administration’s foreign policies have sparked off a round of new debates on America’s power and its international role. At the core of these debates are ideas of empire and hegemony, but these terms are used in many senses and often interchangeably. James L....

Research report

22 May 2006

In 2003, part-time employment in Australia accounted for over 42 per cent of the Australian female workforce and nearly 17 per cent of the male workforce, and represented 28 per cent of total employment. Of the OECD countries, only the Netherlands has a higher proportion...

Research report

19 May 2006

This is the first report of a study of the motivations of rental investors in Australia. The study aims to gain a better understanding of investors’ experiences, motives and actions, as well as the perceptions of investors’ behaviours among other key players in the rental...

Commentary

Article

18 May 2006

If the economic cycle works against him, Peter Costello could be in big trouble, writes John Spoehr

THE HANDING OVER of the prime ministerial mantle is under way. The metamorphosis of Peter Costello is happening before our eyes. His annoying smirk has been...

Research report

18 May 2006

Crisis accounts of the youth labour market are not supported by the findings outlined in this report. Gary N. Marks also disputes claims that young people who are not fully engaged in full-time work or study are at risk of an unsuccessful school-to-work transition.

Commentary

Article

18 May 2006

PRIME MINISTER’S FOREWORD

The Australian Government is committed to the future prosperity of our nation and to fostering and improving our record of innovation. It is only through a world-class education and skills development system, and access to the best...

Research report

18 May 2006

Ben Saul argues that the operation of Bridging Visa E may place Australia in breach of its international legal obligations under the Convention against Torture (1984) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966).

Research report

18 May 2006

Diabetes is one of the leading threats to the health of Australians. The rate of diabetes is increasing both in Australia and world wide, and it is the increase in Type 2 diabetes that is the main contributor to the alarming increase in diabetes prevalence,...

Research report

18 May 2006

In this address to Morgan Stanley Analysts, the ACCC’s Ed Willett describes how, in light of the Minister for Communications’ discussion paper Meeting the digital challenge , the commission is considering how the Trade Practices Act would apply to cross media mergers in the event...

Research report

10 May 2006

The Ombudsman has provided a further seven assessments of the circumstances of people who have remained in immigration detention for two years or more to the Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs, and these were tabled in parliament on 10 May. The reports and the...

Research report

18 May 2006

The Australian government has justified its failure to ratify the Kyoto Protocol by arguing that a cap on greenhouse gas emissions would have an adverse and disproportionate impact on the Australian economy because of our heavy dependence on emissions-intensive industries. Hugh Saddler, Frank Muller and...

Research report

18 May 2006

PRIME MINISTER’S FOREWORD

The Australian Government is committed to the future prosperity of our nation and to fostering and improving our record of innovation. It is only through a world-class education and skills development system, and access to the best ideas and technology in...

Discussion paper

17 May 2006

Andrew Macintosh challenges one of the central arguments in the federal government?s case for reforming cross-media ownership laws ? that new media sources, particularly the internet, will guarantee pluralism in Australian media. He shows that as little as one per cent of Australians rely on...

Research report

17 May 2006

The Australian government’s Anti-Terrorism Bill (No 2) 2005 authorised the Australian Federal Police to use control orders and preventative detention in dealing with suspected terrorist threats. Although Australia had experience with preventative detention and control orders during both world wars, this historical perspective did not...

Research report

17 May 2006

This factsheet provides statistics on family circumstances – parents’ employment, residential location and country of birth, and Family type – and on adolescents themselves. The report also looks at parents’ and adolescents’ satisfaction with family relationships.

Research report

17 May 2006

Andrew Macintosh challenges one of the central arguments in the federal government’s case for reforming cross-media ownership laws – that new media sources, particularly the internet, will guarantee pluralism in Australian media. He shows that as little as one per cent of Australians rely on...

Research report

16 May 2006

In late 2002 a group of leading Australian environmental scientists (the Wentworth Group) proposed a radically new way of managing native vegetation in New South Wales. As a result, the state government introduced bills to implement a new natural resource management regime. Stewart Smith reviews...

Journal article

16 May 2006

Extending eligibility criteria for assisted reproductive technologies to lesbian and single heterosexual women is a controversial topic in Australia. In this paper, Deb Dempsey analyses three dominant themes in contributions to the public debate and law reform process – ‘active’ fathering, the distinction between social...

Briefing paper

14 May 2006

Changes to Australian copyright law will make it legal for people to tape TV or radio programs to be played at another time; legalise 'format shifting' of music, newspapers, books, etc; allow schools, universities, libraries and other cultural institutions to use copyright material for non-commercial...

Journal article

16 May 2006

Within the recombinant DNA debate, a formative categorisation of gene technology has occurred by which matters of concern must be separated into either those that belong to nature or those that belong to society. With reference to the work of Ulrich Beck and Bruno Latour,...

Research report

16 May 2006

Peter Van Onselen considers the implications of the WA government’s decision to downgrade several independent watchdog posts. The decision, affecting the Electoral Commissioner, the Commissioner for Public Sector Standards, and the Information Commissioner, has obvious implications for the standing of these posts within the public...

Research report

15 May 2006

Jacqueline Joudo summarises the annual report from the National Deaths in Custody Program, and shows trends in prison and police custody and in police operations. Most deaths now occur in prison, from natural causes, but there is also an increasing trend of deaths during police...

Commentary

Article

15 May 2006

In one move, the superannuation system has been simplified and improved, argues Daryl Dixon

AFTER two decades of constant fiddling and changes to the super rules, Treasurer Peter Costello has cut through the complexity and designed a new super system that is virtually...

Commentary

Article

15 May 2006

The federal government’s education policies lack coherence, writes John Quiggin, and the budget does nothing to help

THE ABSENCE of any real recognition of the need for a skilled and educated workforce has been the greatest economic failure of the Howard government, and...

Research report

15 May 2006

Jenny Mouzos and Yuka Sakurai analyse incidents of firearms theft reported to police between February and July 2004 to provide a picture of patterns and victims. Although the number of thefts has decreased, it is suggested that more active auditing of registration and storage compliance...

Research report

12 May 2006

Gareth Griffith reviews the current debate about bills or charters of human rights. He surveys recent developments in those jurisdictions which belong to the Westminster tradition of parliamentary government and which, in their different ways, seek to reconcile the principles of parliamentary supremacy and judicial...

Research report

11 May 2006

In 1998 a formal process using the criteria of safety, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness (evidence based medicine) for the introduction and use of new medical procedures was implemented in Australia. Sue P. O’Malley examines the effectiveness of this process based on the original criteria.

Research report

11 May 2006

Geoff Masters sets out a proposal for an Australian Certificate of Education that would be available to all senior secondary school students, regardless of where they live in Australia.

Research report

4 May 2006

In this staff working paper, Sid Shanks and Simon Zheng undertake a series of modelling exercises that took advantage of the additional available data to explore the effects of research and development on Australian productivity. A major message from the analysis is that, at least...

Research report

11 May 2006

Alison Booth, Melvyn Coles and Xiaodong Gong show that there are increasing returns to education at the margin of labour market participation margin. They find that the issue the increasing returns to education will be most relevant for women or other people with large enough...

Research report

11 May 2006

Between 1962 and 1973, thousands of refugees crossed from the Indonesian-controlled western half of the island of New Guinea into the Australian-controlled eastern half. Klaus Neumann looks at how and why the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees effectively condoned Australia’s policies, which were influenced...

Research report

11 May 2006

The authors describe the influence of GP-based research on the development of two specific policy initiatives, the Heartwatch Programme in Ireland and the Better Outcomes in Mental Health Care initiative in Australia. They explore the extent to which relevant GP-based research shaped these initiatives.

Commentary

Article

10 May 2006

Despite strong economic growth, election handouts and law suits against opposition candidates, the ruling party lost support last Saturday, writes Garry Rodan

SINGAPORE prime minister Lee Hsien Loong can rightly claim a strong mandate after leading the ruling People’s Action Party (PAP) to...

Commentary

Article

10 May 2006

The High Court is unlikely to rule against the new federal industrial relations laws, writes Andrew Lynch

THIS WEEK, the states and unions are continuing their challenge to the federal government’s new industrial relations laws before the High Court. No fewer than...

Commentary

Article

11 May 2006

There’s not much for children in this budget, according to the Australian Council for Educational Research’s Alison Elliott

THIS week’s federal budget offers little in response to the growing educational, ethical and economic imperatives to provide high-quality early childhood programs. There is...

Research report

11 May 2006

The broad objective of the Indigenous Broadcasting Program is to increase the availability of Indigenous-specific radio and television broadcasts to Indigenous audiences. To achieve this objective, this discussion paper proposes a new approach designed to address historical funding disparities; establish a more equitable distribution of...

Research report

10 May 2006

Enhancing migration and mobility has been put forward as a solution to Indigenous disadvantage in Australia. To assess the feasibility of this suggestion, Nicholas Biddle and Boyd Hunter examine patterns of migration and factors associated with both the decision to move and the choice of...

Research report

10 May 2006

Such changes in oral health, demographics and use of services are expected to impact on the practice activity of dentists. This report presents findings from The Longitudinal Study of Dentists’ Practice Activity, based on a random sample of dentists surveyed at five-year intervals since 1983-84....

Research report

10 May 2006

In late 2005 Bill Gray and Will Sanders interviewed eleven members of the Commonwealth government’s Secretaries Group on Indigenous Affairs about their experiences of the new arrangements in Indigenous affairs since July 2004. This paper reports their findings on issues ranging from the Ministerial Taskforce...

Research report

9 May 2006

A key selling point of the Howard government’s workplace reforms is the extension of choice. However, choice is not an unmitigated good and it is not patronising to say so. The government should recognise this is true even in workplace agreements, writes Raymond da Silva...

Research report

9 May 2006

Police cautions may be a way of stopping a young person from taking the first steps in a criminal career, both by serving as a warning to first-time offenders and to avoid the stigma of a court appearance. In this study of all persons born...

Research report

8 May 2006

In 1983 a program was put in place designed to make us a much more outward-looking economy and society, able to cope better with emerging trends. How do we sustain that process in the future, asks Glenn Withers, and how do we do so fairly...

Research report

8 May 2006

Care for the elderly is set to join child care as a major issue for our community, particularly in light of the push to increase women’s participation in the workforce, and the fact that the majority of carers are women. As a result, according to...

Research report

8 May 2006

Calls have intensified in recent years for Australia to introduce a seasonal guest-worker program of unskilled or low-skilled workers from the Pacific region. Adrienne Millbank surveys the main arguments.

Working paper

5 May 2006

September 11 has revived the impetus to advance democracy and foster freedom around the globe. While advancing democracy remains a worthy foreign policy goal, writes Daniel Baldino, it will often take a protracted period to judge whether the use of external power and foreign assistance...

Research report

5 May 2006

Josie Misko compares the provision of vocational education and training in Australia, Germany and the United Kingdom. She finds that training policies are increasingly based on similar general principles which promote the improvement and reform of vocational education and training, although the implementation of these...

Research report

5 May 2006

Jennifer L. Smith provides background to policy debates in Australia concerning the public funding of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as in vitro fertilisation through Medicare. She examines recent events which have brought the funding of ART to public attention, looks at the public funding...

Research report

5 May 2006

Jon Hall and Mike Berry assess current arrangements for funding Indigenous housing and outline the major issues to be considered in reforming these arrangements.

Research report

5 May 2006

Carol Propper reviews recent evidence, drawn from a series of case studies that have been undertaken on individuals employed deep into the traditional public sector – in secondary education, government administration and public hospitals – which shows that incentives schemes can bring about increased productivity...

Research report

5 May 2006

NCVER has compiled the key messages of all research and analysis work it published in 2005, with 42 summaries grouped under one of five broad themes. Among the topics covered are: industry and employers’ views of training and qualifications; learner groups, including work on Indigenous...

Research report

12 Jul 2005

This is the second Report in a series that has been prepared at the request of the Council of Australian Governments. It aims to provide indicators of Indigenous disadvantage ‘that are of relevance to all governments and Indigenous stakeholders, and that can demonstrate the impact...

Commentary

Article

3 May 2006

Hugh Morgan ignores the cost of the intolerant policies he proposes, write Philomena Murray and Adam Berryman

HUGH MORGAN’s call to ban dual citizenship is either a poor taste contribution to the Melbourne Comedy Festival or a genuine and disturbingly ill-informed view of...

Research report

4 May 2006

Australia has implemented FTAs with the United States and New Zealand; is currently negotiating an FTA with China; and has recently completed a joint FTA feasibility study with Japan – in other words, with each of its top five export destinations, except South Korea. Jeffrey...

Research report

4 May 2006

The BreastScreen Australia Program aims to reduce mortality and morbidity from breast cancer by maximising early detection. This report presents the most recent information on participation in breast screening, cancer detection, program sensitivity and recall to assessment and rescreening rates. It also presents national breast...

Journal article

3 May 2006

In a telephone survey of 1013 Australian adults Elizabeth Hardie and Simone Buzwell fond that 78 per cent had used the internet, 13 per cent to form online social relationships. Those forming online relationships tended to be students, young, single, comfortable with new technology, likely...

Research report

3 May 2006

Community services are unable to meet demand for help, according to this report based on responses from 1182 community services which assisted 2,740,000 people across Australia in the 12 months to June 2005. Nearly two-thirds of service providers reported an increase in the complexity of...

Journal article

3 May 2006

Australian scientists have been frontrunners in the development and implementation of reproductive technology, and recently there has been renewed debate about government funding and access. Karen Bell provides an overview of reproductive technology services in Australia and examines the body of social research on the...

Research report

2 May 2006

Steve Salerno’s recent book promises to explain how the gurus of the ‘Self-Help and Actualization Movement’, or ‘SHAM’, do the opposite of what they claim. Rather than empowering their followers, Salerno argues, SHAM leaders render them helpless. So why is the self-help movement so popular,...

Research report

1 May 2006

Under HECS former students with a debt face a sharp discontinuity. At the first repayment threshold they are required to repay a percentage of their entire income, resulting in an effective marginal tax rate that could be regarded as being as high as...