December 2006

Research report

21 Dec 2006

The devastation caused by the 2002-03 fire season precipitated state and federal inquiries. While each inquiry assessed bushfire mitigation strategies, the impacts on the environment and the resources available to fire services, for the first time all the inquiries raised concern about the impact climate...

Fact sheet

20 Dec 2006

ACMA has released the first two in a series of fact sheets relating to its key priority tasks resulting from the media law reforms and has set up an email update service on its website. The first two in the series are titled 'Media Reform:...

Book

20 Dec 2006

This global, multi-stakeholder forum discussed the promotion and inculcation of a common set of values and principles, including solidarity, tolerance, respect for nature and shared responsibility, as outlined in The Millennium Declaration, and lending them practical expressions in the actions of governments, civil society, the...

Research report

20 Dec 2006

This report investigates a legal framework that supports open access to Australian academic and research outputs such as articles and electronic theses and dissertations. It explains that with the rise of networked digital technologies our knowledge landscape and innovation system is increasingly reliant on best...

Research report

21 Dec 2006

Crystal methamphetamine, also known as 'ice' and 'crystal meth', is a highly purified form of methamphetamine, a synthetic central nervous system stimulant. This paper provides an overview of crystal methamphetamine and its effects, supply and distribution, and the characteristics of crystal methamphetamine users. It describes...

Research report

21 Dec 2006

This paper sets out the respective responsibilities of the Commonwealth and state governments for health care, identifying those areas where cost-shifting and duplication exist. It discusses some of the major issues in the health debate, with a view to identifying the extent to which they...

Commentary

Article

19 Dec 2006

The single transferable vote can produce unexpected results, writes Brian Costar

THE wholly unexpected election of a Democratic Labor Party candidate to the Victorian upper house last month has produced a number of over-reactions, based on the mistaken belief that the DLP might...

Research report

20 Dec 2006

Erin Driscoll delivered a presentation on 21 November 2006 at the National Library of Australia, Canberra as part of the ‘Digital Preservation - where are we at, where are we going?’ conference (13) . The conference was organised by the School of Information Studies, Charles...

Research report

20 Dec 2006

This report shows that the number of online households with broadband increased 92 per cent in the year to June 2006 and 48 per cent of online households now use some form of broadband. Cable broadband decreased in market share, dropping from 19 per cent...

Research report

20 Dec 2006

This report provides unique data on the adoption of information and communication technologies by enterprises in developing countries. It also explores ICT policy options in a developing-country context and proposes a framework for national ICT policy reviews and for the design and assessment of pro-poor...

Research report

20 Dec 2006

The Copyright Amendment Act 2006 received Royal Assent on 11 December 2006. The following schedules are in now in force: Schedule 6 (private copying, special case exception, fair dealing, parody and satire, libraries); Schedule 7 (maker of communication); Schedule 8 (responses to Digital agenda Review:...

Article

20 Dec 2006

This month's update discusses legislative, case and industry developments including the Telecommunciations Amendment Bill; new rules for higher-rate broadband; and the review of commercial code for reality TV.

Research report

20 Dec 2006

The Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions will enter into force on 18 March 2007, three months after the deposit of the 30th instrument of ratification on 18 December at UNESCO. Key documents, including the full text of the...

Research report

19 Dec 2006

This project focuses on the ways in which communities find things that, at the local level, provide support to people with a mental illness. In understanding this, the project explored how communities are resilient and how resilience can be further developed. The project focused on...

Research report

19 Dec 2006

There is a significant and growing body of evidence on the relationship between mental illness and cannabis, according to this landmark report by the Mental Health Council of Australia. Research has found evidence suggesting that regular cannabis use, particularly by those who begin using at...

Research report

19 Dec 2006

The panel survey of an activity that can both recreational and addictive (for example, alcohol consumption or exercise) - provides a unique opportunity to examine the behaviour of both recreational and addict participants, e.g. social drinking versus binge drinking - in ways that are not...

Research report

19 Dec 2006

During the last twelve months, the Muslim Community Reference Group (MCRG) and its Sub-Groups formed recommendations and proposals to the Australian Government that aim to create a more inclusive Australia in which people are less likely to be isolated and marginalised and possibly attracted to...

Research report

20 Oct 2006

Australians generate solid waste at a high rate compared with most other OECD countries. Technologies and processes to avoid, reduce and recover waste are generally not used as extensively in Australia as in some other OECD countries. Non-optimal levels of waste represent lost value and...

Research report

19 Dec 2006

The Australian Labor Party (ALP) has been re-elected as the party of government in Victoria, with its leader, Steve Bracks, to return as premier with an only slightly diminished lower house majority of 22 seats. Arguably the most interesting aspect of the election was the...

Research report

19 Dec 2006

Whether born or bred republican, it has long been a truism that the political views of young people are greatly influenced by their parents, particularly the more vocal and influential parent (which is not always the father, mind you). Rebecca Huntley discusses the current generation...

Research report

19 Dec 2006

This publication presents a summary of results from a national survey of students who undertook vocational education and training (VET) at technical and further education (TAFE) institutes or other government, private or community education providers during 2005. It reports on students' characteristics, employment outcomes and...

Research report

19 Dec 2006

Increasing attention (particularly in Europe and the United States) has been paid to the use by states of ‘soft’ or ‘light touch’ approaches to regulating labour standards. Such regulatory approaches are yet to receive extensive consideration as forms of state labour regulation in Australian labour...

Research report

19 Dec 2006

This senate report looks at the impact on rural water usage of recent water policy initiatives and the possible role for Commonwealth agencies, with particular reference to: the development of water property titles; methods of protection for rivers and aquifers; farming innovation; monitoring drought and...

Research report

19 Dec 2006

The relationship between education, including vocational education and training (VET), and measures of health and wellbeing is explored in this report. Previous research in the area indicates that the relationship is also influenced by intermediary variables such as income. This report uses the Household, Income...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

Currently the Government is undertaking a feasibility study into the possibility of establishing a nuclear power industry in Australia. Among the concerns raised about the development of a nuclear power industry in Australia is the amount of water consumed by nuclear power plants compared with...

Research report

1 Dec 2006

The Australian federal system, which came into existence in 1901, has generally worked satisfactorily, even though its dynamics have been altered substantially in the years since. Today there is much debate about its future, recently highlighted by the High Court’s 2006 WorkChoices judgment. There is...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

Daylight saving time in Australia has a long and chequered history. This is largely because the responsibility for the setting of time zones has remained with state and territory authorities. Commonwealth power over weights and measures in the Constitution extends to the measurement of time,...

Research report

6 Oct 2009

The Queensland Council of Social Service (QCOSS) has commissioned this report by The University of Queensland Social Research Centre (UQSRC) to provide an update to the previous 2006 Poverty in Queensland report. Both reports present overviews of the dimensions of poverty in Queensland using the...

Research report

19 Dec 2006

The Western Australian Community Safety and Crime Prevention Strategy emphasises that to reduce and prevent crime requires action that is sustainable, cooperative, inclusive, targeted and evidence based, and focuses on results and sharing knowledge. This strategy acknowledges that to prevent crime requires a variety of...

Research report

19 Dec 2006

Grandparents have always played an important role in family life, but over the last twenty years, many have had increased responsibility for their grandchildren due to changes and issues in families and society. The first major change is the provision of child care. Grandparents, mostly...

Research report

19 Dec 2006

This paper presents an analysis of the 2006-2007 family tax system. The results show that most families are now taxed, in effect, on the basis of joint income. Through a succession of reforms the Howard Government has shifted the tax burden to two-earner families to...

Research report

19 Dec 2006

This study investigates gender differences in the associations between social characteristics and men’s and women’s reports of which spouse initiated marital separation. Using retrospective data on 9,147 first marriages from the Household Income and Labor Dynamics in Australia survey (2001), we find that some social...

Research report

19 Dec 2006

Elisa Arcioni considers the decision to include seats for the Italian diaspora in the Italian parliament. The decision was of even greater significance since it was the results in the Australasian seat that gave the Prodi government its majority in the Senate.

Research report

19 Dec 2006

Colin A Hughes, Emeritus Professor of Political Science at the University of Queensland, looks at the history of the study of campaign finance in Australia and why it has been so under-developed. in 2006 campaign finance has been a regular feature in the media. This...

Commentary

Article

14 Dec 2006

THE way researchers remain largely in disciplinary silos is a discouraging factor to anyone needing to work with colleagues in other disciplines, especially when one party is a scientist and the other from the social sciences or humanities. The Council for Humanities, Arts and Social...

Discussion paper

14 Dec 2006

In this draft discussion paper Emma Dawson and Miriam Lyons outline the basic principles that should underpin our public broadcasting policy, and toss around a few ideas on how to equip the ABC and SBS to meet the needs of Australian citizens.

Discussion paper

14 Dec 2006

As citizens in a democracy we rely on the media to scrutinise the actions and decisions of those in power. We therefore need media that is independent and diverse; capable of putting the public interest above the interests of media owners, whether those owners are...

Article

14 Dec 2006

Andrew Gowers, commissioned by the British government to map the next generation's intellectual-property framework, explains his thinking to Becky Hogge, and leaves her feeling that the "copyfight" for a public domain of information has only just begun.

Commentary

Article

14 Dec 2006

A citizenship test would exclude people who for all practical purposes are Australians, write Brian Costar and Peter Mares

THE prime minister says his intentions are honourable. The federal government’s planned citizenship test is about “cohesion and integration” not “discrimination and exclusion.” The...

Research report

14 Dec 2006

Despite widely varying degrees of experience and training in mental health across the youth sector, those who work with young people are often the first to be told about a mental health problem, or they may be the first person to detect it. Some workers...

Research report

14 Dec 2006

This paper examines current arguments on whether nuclear power can be a way to reduce reliance on coal-fired electricity production, and so reduce greenhouse-gas emissions. This is a pressing question: the world is in the throes of acknowledging that climate change is a reality, and...

Research report

14 Dec 2006

Half of all Australians living with a chronic health condition have thought about seeking help for depression or anxiety with nine in ten visiting a GP according to this Pfizer Australia Health Report produced in partnership with SANE Australia. One-in-four Australians are living with chronic...

Research report

5 Dec 2006

In 2005 and 2006 the Australian government referred to the Commonwealth Ombudsman the cases of 247 persons who had been detained by the Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs (DIMA) and later released on the basis that they could not be detained any longer as...

Research report

30 Nov 2006

This E-Brief updates earlier statistics on funding provided to the ABC by the Australian Government and information on funding derived from other sources.

Research report

12 Dec 2006

What are the practical implications of the ATO's draft ruling TR 2004/D19 and how should this ruling be applied ?at the coalface? of donor programs? TR 2004/D19 requires that cultural organisations become more prudent about their donor programs. They need to be sure they know...

Article

11 Dec 2006

This article analyses and contextualises a variety of relationships between the cultural industries and cultural policy. A principal aim is to examine policies which are explicitly formulated as cultural (or creative) industries policies. It seeks to address questions such as: what lies behind such policies?...

Research report

1 Nov 2006

This CHASS report details the benefits to Australia of encouraging big collaborative research projects, to provide solutions to the big problems the country faces. These 'big issues' include caring for an ageing population, maintaining water supply, cyber crime, and aboriginal health and welfare....

Research report

12 Dec 2006

Surveillance is two-sided, and its benefits must be acknowledged. Yet at the same time risks and dangers are always present in large-scale systems and of course power does corrupt or at least skews the vision of those who wield it. Large-scale technological infrastructures are peculiarly...

Research report

12 Dec 2006

After recalling why data protection is indispensable to our societies, this text analyses in detail the risks which today weigh on individual liberties and data protection around the world, and which represent as many challenges for supervisory authorities. It derives from this statement various proposals...

Statistics

12 Dec 2006

Just over a third (34%) of Australian businesses undertook some type of innovation during the two years to December 2005, according to ABS figures. Implementing new or significantly improved organisational/managerial processes had the highest result, followed by implementing new or significantly improved operational processes and...

Research report

12 Dec 2006

Growing Up in Australia is the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (also known as LSAC). This study is following two representative cohorts of children and their families, recruited when the children were aged 0-1 years (B or infant cohort) or 4-5 years (K or child...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

This Research Note overviews what the Commonwealth provides in terms of child care financial support and assistance. It also includes calculations giving examples of what families can expect to receive in financial support for the two main types of Commonwealth child care subsidies—the Child Care...

Research report

12 Dec 2006

Among the notable deaths of 2006 was that of American economist John Kenneth Galbraith on 29 April. Galbraith was famous as possibly the most read economist in history (after Marx, whose numbers were enhanced by compulsion?). An extraordinary number of obituaries were published. Why were...

Research report

12 Dec 2006

In 2004-05, after adjusting for age differences, 10% of people in Australia reported that they had asthma. This is a slight decrease from the rate in 2001 (12%). This article presents a brief overview of the prevalence, health status, and other characteristics of people with...

Research report

12 Dec 2006

National accounts provide a systematic summary of national economic activity and have been developed to assist in the practical application of economic theory. The Australian system of national accounts includes national income, expenditure, product accounts, financial accounts, the national balance sheet, input-output tables and satellite...

Research report

12 Dec 2006

Both Washington and Beijing might be obsessing about which nation enjoys the greater sway in the 21st century. Meanwhile the emergence of market forces, private sector authority, and the increasing entanglement of states and markets are irrevocably changing power relations in the international political economy....

Research report

12 Dec 2006

The Speaker represents the parliament, chairs debates, administers the parliamentary bureaucracy, and oversees parliamentary privilege. The Speaker, then, should be above politics -- indeed, to do the job well seems to require the qualities of a saint. Now a Speaker has recounted his views of...

Research report

7 Dec 2006

This Senate report looks at the relationship between the landed price of crude oil, refining costs, the wholesale price and the retail price of petrol; regional differences in the retail price of petrol; variations in the retail price of petrol at particular times; the industry's...

Report

12 Dec 2006

The terms of reference for this inquiry relate to 'Indigenous workers whose paid labour was controlled by Government'. Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, governments put in place extensive controls over the employment, working conditions and wages of Indigenous workers. These controls permitted, both explicitly...

Research report

12 Dec 2006

The government presents its report into work and family. If women will hold most of Australia’s human capital in the next 20 years, then Australia needs to carefully consider how women will participate in the workforce and, in particular, how they will manage their work...

Research report

12 Dec 2006

An ageing population, health workforce shortages, the rate of development of new health technologies and rising community expectations mean that ongoing reform of the Australian health system is needed. Wide-ranging health funding reforms on issues such as a national health agenda, training and dental care...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

On 13–14 December 2005, the inaugural East Asia Summit was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Three new member states from outside the contemporary geographical definition of East Asia were added—Australia, New Zealand and India. This paper addresses the question of whether the addition of the...

Research report

12 Dec 2006

This article provides a brief overview of the prevalence of recent injuries with reference to events which resulted in injuries where medical treatment or some other form of action being taken. Risk factors, long term consequences of injury, hospitalisation, health system costs and mortality information...

Research report

12 Dec 2006

The advent of the East Asia Summit has been a notable development. However it has also been the focus for some differing opinions in the region on how regional cooperation should best be pursued and on which countries should be principally involved in these efforts....

Research report

11 Dec 2006

The comprehensive findings from the People’s Inquiry will be published in 2007. This first report highlights a range of experiences of asylum seekers in their journey to detention and the detention experience. It has been presented for public information and consideration and will also form...

Research report

11 Dec 2006

This pilot project investigates the practicality of using current published information to report against a set of indictors to determine the type and extent of community engagement activity in Victorian universities.

This involved the examination of national and international literature in order to develop...

Research report

11 Dec 2006

In recent years the notion of ‘partnership’ is being used by both the Commonwealth and State Governments to describe a preferred relationship with the third sector. Governments are increasingly initiating partnerships to deliver social services, assuming that the networks and resources of third sector organisations...

Research report

7 Dec 2006

Authors have accused publishers of an abhorrent money grab following a move by several leading publishing houses to seize a record share of copyright payments. Hostilities have broken out over tens of millions of dollars that flow from photocopying and digital copying of Australian books....

Research report

7 Dec 2006

The State of the News Media 2006 is the third annual report from the US Project for Excellence in Journalism which aims to provide a comprehensive look each year at the state of American journalism. The goal is to put in one place as much...

Article

7 Dec 2006

In China, as elsewhere, new locations and new media have redefined the experience of watching a moving image, beyond the cinematic experience. (1) The visual works that one can view outside movie theatres greatly differ in scope and style. Some explore alternatives to classic Hollywood...

Research report

7 Dec 2006

Forty million Americans use the internet as their primary source of news and information about science and 87% of online users have at one time used the internet to carry out research on a scientific topic or concept. As a primary source for science information,...

Research report

7 Dec 2006

Virtual tours allow people to view an environment without having to physically travel to their location of interest. On a typical day, more than five million people are taking virtual tours in cyberspace, up from roughly two million in 2004. Through virtual tours, people can...

Research report

7 Dec 2006

Despite ongoing controversy in the US over video news releases television stations have not stopped airing fake news segments without attribution. Over six months, the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD) documented 46 stations in 22 states airing at least one VNR in their newscast....

Research report

7 Dec 2006

This paper analyses the strategies used in Australia and Canada to foster a national film industry in this era of international media conglomerates that comprises 'Global Hollywood'. It examines some economic, industrial and cultural strategies in the Canadian and Australian national film industries and how...

Research report

25 Jan 2006

The recognition of Indigenous protocols within the Australian radio industry is relevant in the context of reporting of the news because research and reports in the past thirty years have confirmed that negative media reporting can create and reinforce negative stereotypes. Hence, codes for better...

Research report

5 Dec 2006

The immersion of foreign terrorists in the long-running Moro Islamic insurgency in the southern Philippines turned the Philippines into a front line in the regional war on terror. The direct links between terrorist safe havens in Mindanao and the Bali bombings of 2002 and 2005...

Research report

5 Dec 2006

In the heyday of the Kennett government in Victoria ‘Public Private Partnerships’ were promoted as the ‘debt free’ way to fund public infrastructure. Although the idea that the public can get ‘something for nothing’ through these partnerships has now been widely discredited, most Australian governments...

Research report

5 Dec 2006

In the last three and a half years, 'Iraq' has come to stand for many things beyond a geographical location and a state: a political and moral commitment; the first testing of a new and hugely ambitious strategic doctrine; a bloody, many-sided conflict involving terrible...

Commentary

Article

5 Dec 2006

Family Services Minister Mal Brough wants to withhold up to 40per cent of the welfare cash paid to problem families and to divert it into paying their rent, food and utility bills. The aim is to stop neglectful parents spending benefit payments on booze...

Commentary

Article

5 Dec 2006

In the post-September 11 world, debate about counter-terrorism is often characterised as an argument between ‘the realists’, who appreciate the need for tough new counter-terrorism laws, and ‘the out of touch’, who fail to take the terrorist threat seriously. John von Doussa QC argues...

Article

5 Dec 2006

When John Howard re-ignited debate about a nuclear future for Australia last July, it was as if the past 30 years hadn’t happened. No Chernobyl or Three Mile Island, no terrorists, no intractable problems related to waste or the proliferation of nuclear weapons writes Julie...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

Unless ways can be found to prevent reoffending by released prisoners, they will continue to be highly likely to return to prison at a high cost to the community. This study examined pre-release expectations and post-release experiences of prisoners in Queensland to help identify the...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

Australia's security agencies have become increasingly politicised under the Howard Government. Whistleblower and former intelligence official Andrew Wilkie has put forward a four-point plan to ensure the independence of Australian security agencies. (A summary of this report is available free online with the full report...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

In a speech to the National Civil Society Dialogue, Clive Hamilton argues that like those who gather around Quadrant , John Howard is haunted by the ghost of past ideological conflict. Someone should tell our Prime Minister that the Cold War is over; and that...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

The aim of this research is to define good practices which support partnerships between adult and community education and vocational education and training, and identify negative practices which work against such collaborations. The research finds that strong and committed lead personnel, time, respect between organisations...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

The second half of the 20th century saw the ascendance of the life sciences in nearly every facet of our lives, from the food we eat to the way we are born. From genetically engineered foods to test-tube babies, biotechnology raises new political, economic, and...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

This report provides data on courses in the vocational education and training (VET) sector that are generally described as 'adult literacy and numeracy courses'. This includes General Education Programmes, Social Skills Courses, Employment Skills Courses and Other Mixed Field Programmes, plus some other activity. It...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

Australia would do well to look to Japan's energy policy successes and failures, particularly in the areas of energy efficiency, diversification of resources, and the creation of a high-skills manufacturing sector for renewable energy. Coupled with the future potential of clean coal technology, Australia would...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

Current governance structures in remote Aboriginal communities are in urgent need of reform. In this paper, John Cleary argues that the Northern Territory Government’s plan for Regional Shires is a step in the right direction, but we must be very clear about what is not...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

In a mixed report card on the environment, Australians have embraced recycling but are steering clear of public transport, according to figures released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. Waste recycling has grown extensively in Australian households between 1996 and 2006. In March 1996, 91%...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

New South Wales Regional Statistics presents data for all Local Government Areas (LGAs) and other selected regions in NSW. The content is updated regularly from both ABS and non-ABS sources, and new tables will be added as data becomes available. Statistics are presented in the...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

In this speech for CIS, Kevin Rudd discusses the philosophical division within the political Right, pointing out the conflict between conservative values such as the family and Hayek's concept of the market. Mr Rudd will explore these issues at the CIS’ sixth Policymakers Forum with...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

This study provides an introduction to the structure and operation of Indonesia's Dewan Perwakilan Daerah (DPD) or Regional Representative Assembly/Council, created with the intention of increasing the role of the regions in making laws. It examines some of the key issues that have emerged in...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

One of the most prominent means of enhancing women’s representation in new democracies is the use of gender quotas for elections. These can be applied in a variety of ways, all of which seek to increase the number of female candidates and elected parliamentarians. For...

Research report

1 Oct 2006

From the introduction:

With the increasing availability of antiretroviral treatments in many parts of the world has come increased surveillance of the lives and behaviours of PLWHA. In part, the concern of much of this surveillance has been the monitoring of antiretroviral compliance and...

Research report

1 Feb 2006

This study reports on the availability of information about HIV prevention in Victoria for communities from the Horn of Africa, Arabic-speaking, Vietnamese and Thai. It investigates perceptions and understandings of HIV in these communities, and how appropriate available information is to their cultural backgrounds and...

Research report

4 Dec 2006

Life expectancy in Australia is the highest on record, according to ABS figures. Under current death rates, a boy born today could expect to live 78.5 years while a girl could expect to live 83.3 years. Having survived to age 65, men could expect to...