March 2007

Research report

30 Mar 2007

At last a bold initiative from Labor ? its broadband plan.

With a price tag of $4.7 billion it may look extravagant. It?s about $500 a household, spread over several years. To put that figure into perspective, Australian households already spend $1300 a year...

Research report

30 Mar 2007

Overall, Box office Prophecy is very successful. The data show that amazingly accurate predictions can be made. Ten or so participants between them often have enough information to accurately assign probabilities to each box office 'bucket' or possible outcome. The results leave no doubt that...

Research report

30 Mar 2007

This is not an argument against taking action on global warming, but for combining this action with measures to protect those least able to meet the costs of carbon pricing.At last climate change is high on the public agenda. While small groups of people have...

Research report

30 Mar 2007

At last a bold initiative from Labor – its broadband plan.

With a price tag of $4.7 billion it may look extravagant. It’s about $500 a household, spread over several years. To put that figure into perspective, Australian households already spend $1300 a...

Research report

30 Mar 2007

Critical scholarship often views media concentration as an expression of corporate capitalism: that is, powerful media owned and supported by wealthy private interests. This paper is about critical mass in media industries. The emphasis, however, is on emerging production centres rather than ‘structures of dominance’...

Journal article

30 Mar 2007

AAR's intellectual property lawyers and patent and trade marks attorneys provide an update on recent cases and legislative developments affecting trade marks, trade practices, copyright and technology.

AAR's intellectual property lawyers and patent and trade marks attorneys provide an update on recent cases and...

Essay

30 Mar 2007

Critical scholarship often views media concentration as an expression of corporate capitalism: that is, powerful media owned and supported by wealthy private interests. This paper is about critical mass in media industries. The emphasis, however, is on emerging production centres rather than ?structures of dominance?...

Research report

30 Mar 2007

Overall, Box office Prophecy is very successful. The data show that amazingly accurate predictions can be made. Ten or so participants between them often have enough information to accurately assign probabilities to each box office 'bucket' or possible outcome. The results leave no doubt that...

Article

30 Mar 2007

As a new medium, video games can be analyzed under some of the similar rubrics of other media. However, because of the fundamental differences between video games and older media, including the requirement of skilled user action, alterations to this categorization prove necessary. The study...

Article

30 Mar 2007

Accepted wisdom has it that interactive technologies are revolutionising arts marketing practice but that's only part of the story. True, the new technologies are revolutionary tools but the real driver of change is not the tools as such. Rather, it's the human interactions they make...

Research report

29 Mar 2007

June Verrier argues that the decision to grant MPs an extra staff member is a boost to the incumbency benefits enjoyed by sitting members. Parliament will function better if resources are diverted from support for incumbents' campaigns towards areas of benefit to the parliament as...

Research report

29 Mar 2007

In the wake of the Brian Burke scandal in WA, Dr Carmen Lawrence, federal MP for Fremantle and former Premier of WA, argues for more stringent rules governing lobbyists' activities and politicians' dealings with them. Drawing on international examples, she argues that, at the very...

Research report

29 Mar 2007

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The Federal Government’s Work Choices legislation has severely curtailed the capacity of State Governments to regulate labour practices directly by legislation. Of the possible State Government regulatory responses to Work Choices, it is the use of public procurement as a means for...

Research report

29 Mar 2007

International evidence shows that housing assistance provides positive 'non-shelter' benefits through affecting affordability, tenure type, security of tenure, location and dwelling quality, but key gaps remain in the Australian evidence base.

Housing assistance (HA) measures involve the direct or indirect provision of financial or...

Research report

29 Mar 2007

In this detailed submission to the Australian Law Reform Commission's review of privacy laws, the Privacy Commissioner, Karen Curtis, calls for changes to a number of laws. She argues that enhanced consistency across the laws would help ensure there are adequate privacy safeguards in the...

Research report

21 Mar 2007

The Ombudsman is investigating over 200 cases of suspected unwarranted detention under the Migration Act.

These reports on sixteen of the cases were tabled in Parliament 21 March 2007; the government's responses to the recommendations are also provided.

Research report

29 Mar 2007

Australia's dental generations provides a detailed snapshot of oral health in the adult population at the beginning of the twenty-first century. Drawing on the findings from the 2004-06 National Survey of Adult Oral Health, the report describes levels of oral disease, perceived oral health and...

Research report

29 Mar 2007

Mental health and substance use problems are experienced by many Australians and research has indicated these problems are far more prevalent in the homeless population. For example, a literature review conducted in 2005 concluded 'that between one quarter and one half of adult homeless persons...

Research report

29 Mar 2007

This report includes information on all juveniles under justice supervision in Australia, whether in the community or in detention, under supervision or legal orders. Characteristics such as age, sex, Indigenous status and type of justice intervention are included, with analysis for the year and over...

Commentary

Article

28 Mar 2007

The internet has given music lovers a limitless smorgasbord of options to choose from. Now it's time for our cultural policy to do the same for arts fans, writes Cassandra Wilkinson.

Research report

28 Mar 2007

The SBS Corporation is Australia's multicultural and multilingual public broadcaster. It was established to define, foster and celebrate Australia's cultural diversity in accordance with obligations in its Charter. to ?provide multilingual and multicultural radio and television services that inform, educate and entertain all Australians and,...

Research report

28 Mar 2007

The SBS Corporation is Australia's multicultural and multilingual public broadcaster. It was established to define, foster and celebrate Australia's cultural diversity in accordance with obligations in its Charter. to ‘provide multilingual and multicultural radio and television services that inform, educate and entertain all Australians and,...

Research report

28 Mar 2007

PODCAST Dr Ziggy Switkowski, author of the report Uranium mining, processing and nuclear energy review - opportunities for Australia? speaks on the topic 'Australia and nuclear power: the road ahead' for the Lowy Institute.

Research report

28 Mar 2007

As financial markets have become more integrated and international capital flows larger, overseas conditions – growth, inflation, terms of trade, spare productive capacity, inflation – all impinge more strongly on the domestic economy. At the same time, the transmission channels of policy have certainly changed,...

Research report

28 Mar 2007

Katrina Alford and Richard James explore school and vocational education opportunities for Indigenous people in the Victorian Goulburn Valley region, where educational participation and completion rates are poor.

Strategies that could boost successful vocational education and training (VET) participation include an education entitlement fund,...

Research report

28 Mar 2007

Successive Australian governments over the last 20 years have focused on providing employment programs which support Indigenous people into their jobs. This report finds that the effectiveness of such programs has rarely been rigorously evaluated against their diverse objectives.

It highlights a recent shift...

Journal article

28 Mar 2007

Background

Systems for planning are a critical component of the infrastructure for public health. Both in Australia and internationally there is growing interest in how planning processes might best be strengthened to improve health outcomes for communities. In Australia the delivery of public health...

Research report

28 Mar 2007

Rod Lyon and William Maley look at Australia's interests in the Middle East from two very different perspectives: that of the strategic analyst, and that of the regional expert, enriched by a close knowledge of the countries and cultures of the Middle East.

Australia’s...

Research report

28 Mar 2007

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The conclusion of the Australia–Japan security pact confirms the Asian security order is moving into a new phase. Although the pact is limited in its scope, it heralds an age when Asian great powers will be more engaged in the regional security...

Research report

28 Mar 2007

History, some might say, has been kind to the baby boomers. They have enjoyed affordable housing, access to free education, often generous welfare benefits and frequently favourable employment markets. Now the baby boomers – those people aged between about 45 and 61 years...

Research report

9 Mar 2007

There are widespread and important economic, social and environmental benefits generated by Australia's $6 billion public funding support of science and innovation, reports the PC. But, given a host of measurement and methodological issues, it is not possible to provide anything other than broad estimates...

Commentary

Article

28 Mar 2007

David Hicks admitted nothing more than he had described in letters home, writes Andrew Lynch

DAVID HICKS has pleaded guilty and the consequences for him personally should be known soon enough. But what does this development mean for the Australian community, which has...

Article

27 Mar 2007

Late last year the animated figure of a balding, bespectacled man addressed a motley crowd of characters that included a chipmunk, a robot and pencil-thin supermodels. It was a comical scene but a serious subject - the future of law in virtual worlds....

Briefing paper

28 Mar 2007

A part of the federal government's changes to media ownership laws, this register provides new information to industry participants and to the community on the control of media groups in radio licence areas across Australia.

Research report

27 Mar 2007

This report uses data from a range of sources, including the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), the Department of Employment and Workplace Relations (DEWR), the Office of the Employment Advocate (OEA), the Office of the Workplace Rights Advocate (WRA), private surveys, media and web reports,...

Research report

27 Mar 2007

James Cox has interviewed a cross-section of Papua New Guineans and others closely associated with the country. The respondents reflect on the challenges their country faces and discuss how they could be – and are being – resolved. More abstractly, they were asked to consider...

Research report

15 Mar 2007

This report into Australia’s relationship with Malaysia is tabled in the year which marks 50 years since Malaysia achieved independence.

Current links between Australia and Malaysia are multifaceted and occur at many levels, from formal government and Parliamentary relations, through the interactions between organisations,...

Research report

27 Mar 2007

This paper is a contribution to the debate on how best to direct Australia’s investments to meet our objective of reducing poverty and achieving sustainable development. The paper suggests that a focus on domestic water and sanitation is critical and will contribute significantly to poverty...

Research report

27 Mar 2007

Licensing of the sex industry is often seen as a better form of regulation than criminalisation or partial criminalisation. Thomas Crofts and Tracey Summerfield compare various Australian and New Zealand licensing models and their impact.

Research report

27 Mar 2007

Key findings from this report (extract from the Executive summary):

• There are high levels of unemployment among skilled refugees • Massive loss of occupational status among skilled refugees • Persistence of a segmented labour market, where racially and culturally visible migrants...

Article

27 Mar 2007

Our world might be getting smaller, thanks to technology, but virtual worlds and games are booming. Millions of people venture daily into these new and constantly evolving landscapes where they can conquer mythical armies, slay dragons and embark on other fantastical quests. Four Corners explores...

27 Mar 2007

In March 2007 we participated in the Digital Literacy and Creative Innovation in a Knowledge Economy research symposium. The symposium was a collaboration between the ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation and the ARC Cultural Research Network. It featured 33 speakers, including...

Research report

26 Mar 2007

When local elections were held in Aceh on 11 December 2006, conventional wisdom was that candidates from the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) would not do well. But GAM won overwhelmingly, in what an analyst called "a perfect storm between the fallout from the peace accord...

Article

26 Mar 2007

Newspapers have a bright future as print-digital hybrids after all - but they'd better hurry, argues Robert Kuttner. Whether newspapers are print or web matters far less than whether they maintain their historic calling.

You can also listen (MP3) to a lively and illuminating...

Audio podcast

26 Mar 2007

This Media Guardian podcast features the chief executive of Last.fm, Felix Miller, whose social networking site based on the music tastes of its 15 million users is putting the frighteners on traditional radio operators, and a debate about the increasing importance of social media with...

Article

26 Mar 2007

It's not the internet that's killing newspapers. It's the equity-chasing investors and their friends at the FCC who have put outsize profits before a free press, writes Eric Klinenberg.

Video

22 Mar 2007

VIDEO ? Mary Wong discusses the growing discourse around such topics as "the commons," "free culture," and "open content." She addresses the extent to which these terms are rhetoric or signals of change; how "openness" can be stunted by lack of clarity in copyright standards;...

Commentary

Article

22 Mar 2007

This project is the most comprehensive study of talkback radio in Australia to date. Using evidence drawn from two high profile commercial sector programs and one ABC program, it sets out to explain the audience's interest in the format, the relations between the host and...

Research report

22 Mar 2007

The City of Perth had the fastest population growth of all Local Government Area cities during 2005-06, according to population estimates from the ABS. During 2005-06, the population of Perth increased by 12.4%, (1,500 people). Many regional coastal areas continued to experience strong population growth,...

Research report

22 Mar 2007

The debate over an emissions trading system in Australia periodically refers to the claimed benefits of the so-called hybrid model of emissions trading developed by McKibbin and Wilcoxen. This model has not been subject to critical scrutiny, a gap this paper seeks to fill....

Transcript

22 Mar 2007

In this interview with Eurasylum.org, John P. Martin, the OECD's Director for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, discusses the evolution in the levels and structure of immigration into OECD countries in recent years, and outlines some of the key policy priorities which these trends are...

Research report

22 Mar 2007

There is a need to double global funding and to radically overhaul strategies that have not brought the global pandemic under control writes Bill Bowtell. The international community must commit itself to the eradication of HIV/AIDS by the end of the 21st century. Australia is...

Research report

22 Mar 2007

Tessa Morris-Suzuki from the ANU writes that the denial of responsibility for the fate of the 'comfort women' is, of course, an extremely important issue for Japan's relations with its Asian neighbours and regional partners, including Australia. The Japanese government notes Morris-Suzuki, seems unable to...

Research report

22 Mar 2007

This paper highlights the contrasting trends in youth labour market performance over the past decade using a wide range of indicators. It presents new evidence on the length of transitions from school to work, and the degree to which temporary jobs serve as either traps...

Research report

22 Mar 2007

The assistant governor of the Reserve Bank reviews the world economic scene, takes a longer-run look at the Australian business cycle, and examines otherrecent developments.

Briefing paper

22 Mar 2007

The $162.5 million Australian Broadband Guarantee builds on the HiBIS and Broadband Connect subsidy programs that have already provided broadband access to over 1 million Australian premises. The Guarantee will target difficult blackspot areas to ensure that all Australians can access affordable broadband regardless of...

Research report

22 Mar 2007

The expansion of the services sector, globalisation, deregulation, and the emergence of new information technologies have brought to the fore the issue of how knowledge is created, disseminated, retained and used to obtain economic returns. This report looks at how better understanding and improved disclosure...

Research report

21 Mar 2007

Avian influenza is a deadly disease that can spread rapidly through poultry. There are many documented cases of transmission from birds to people, but as yet only rare instances of human to human transmission. Nonetheless, public health officials are concerned about the possibility of a...

Research report

21 Mar 2007

Corruption exists in every society, but the extent of corruption varies enormously among countries. Governments have taken up the challenge of reform to lessen the scope and severity of corruption. However, it is puzzling to see some countries are more successful than others, even if...

Research report

21 Mar 2007

Across the world, more people than ever before are undertaking an international education. This report looks at the major factors contributing to the emergence of the global education market and finds that, more than any other region, Asia continues to shape global demand. As populations...

Research report

21 Mar 2007

Optimism abounds in India. Entrepreneurial spirit was unleashed by wide-ranging liberalising reforms that commenced in 1991. The Indian economy has shifted to a much faster growth trajectory, led by the dynamism of its services sector – particularly high-end, knowledge-intensive services exports. Studies by a number...

Research report

21 Mar 2007

This report is the first attempt to consolidate international findings and reinforce these with local examples and comments to build a compelling business case for green buildings in Australia.

Research report

20 Mar 2007

The State of South Australia project seeks to meet a need for considered analysis and reflection on the major social, economic, cultural and political trends and policy challenges facing South Australia. It brings together a group of respected academic researchers and commentators concerned about ensuring...

Research report

20 Mar 2007

The defence pact between Australia and Japan confirms already accelerating tendencies for both Japan and Australia to militarize their foreign policies, and forms the core of a nascent anti-China US-dominated multilateral alliance system writes Richard Tanter. He argues that Australia's decision to emphasize the military...

Research report

20 Mar 2007

Australia is currently in the midst of an expansionist phase in medical workforce supply, driven by a range of policies designed to encourage growth in the medical workforce, including significant increases to medical school intakes. Already there are expressions of concern about the flow-on effect...

Research report

20 Mar 2007

This paper analyses people charged with homicide offences committed during the acute phase of mental illness. High rates of drug misuse, especially of drugs known to induce psychotic illness and brain injury, were reported. Evolving auditory hallucinations and delusional beliefs that led the person to...

Research report

20 Mar 2007

When asked about their methodological practices, most economists claim to practise some form of instrumentalist positivism, as advocated by Friedman or appeal to Popper’s notions of falsification, implemented by the hypothesis-testing procedures of classical inference. More philosophically sophisticated members of the profession might, following Blaug,...

Research report

20 Mar 2007

Recent controversies, eg over intelligence in Iraq, have raised problems about the politicisation of official advice, particularly the supposedly factual or objective elements of advice. Objectivity is a contested value and the lines are often hard to draw between bare fact, spin and misrepresentation. Public...

Research report

20 Mar 2007

This report presents selected data on the characteristics of wage and salary earners in the Statistical Local Areas (SLAs) with the highest average income from wages and salaries in 2003-04 for each state and territory.

Journal article

20 Mar 2007

There is ambiguity around clinical definitions of subacute care, how it differs from acute care, where it is best done and what resources are required. This leads to inconsistent and often poorly defined patient selection criteria as well as a lack of research into efficient...

Research report

1 Feb 2007

Australians or Australian interests have been the target of a planned or conducted terrorist attack every year since 2001. As the nature of the terrorist threat evolves and adapts to our counter-terrorism operations and policies it is argued that we need a national institute to...

Research report

14 Mar 2007

The January 2007 Sydney conference that Hizb ut-Tahrir (HT, the Party of Liberation) organised raises dilemmas that have a long history in liberal democracies. HT encourages indirectly, and sometimes more directly, political violence by its inciting propaganda. It uses Australian tolerance to promote radical propaganda,...

Audio podcast

20 Mar 2007

This podcast from the Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs outlines his parties conception of good international citizenship. It examines how the concept of good international should be explicitly defined and pursued. It also looks at the issue of multilateralism versus unilateralism and Australia's role as...

Research report

20 Mar 2007

This paper explores the implications of the looming Taliban Spring offensive on the international reconstruction and security effort in Afghanistan. It is argued that a more aggressive posture by Coalition forces toward the Taliban and more concerted international pressure on Pakistan is needed to ensure...

Article

16 Mar 2007

Dance Dance Revolution is one of the most visible of the rhythm games, a genre popular enough in Japan that at its peak, DDR manufacturer Konami claimed there was a DDR machine in every arcade in the country. The game has since spread throughout much...

Article

16 Mar 2007

The East Asian online games boom started in South Korea in the late 1990s. Following unqualified domestic success, South Korean games were subsequently exported to other regional markets throughout East and South East Asia. During this time, game development companies specialising in online games for...

Audio podcast

27 Dec 2007

Described by Walter Bagehot as a novelist who was 'a special correspondent for posterity', Charles Dickens began his professional writing career as a journalist: first as a parliamentary reporter, then as the author of sketches for daily and weekly papers (later collected as Sketches by...

Research report

16 Mar 2007

What is the culture of our place, of our backyard? Lyndon Terracini, director of the Brisbane Festival, who spent thirty years in the opera houses of Europe before settling in the NSW town of Lismore, reveals the rich diversity of Australia's country-town culture and makes...

Article

16 Mar 2007

This report looks at how the legal system has done a remarkable job of absorbing the shockwaves of digital technology over the past decade. Urs and Daniel argue that the wide use of communication technology in business leads to new challenges in the management of...

Video

16 Mar 2007

Brad Smith, General Counsel for Microsoft, addressed a seminar on this topic.

(The video of the speech and the discussion that followed is no longer available)

Audio podcast

16 Mar 2007

What is the culture of our place, of our backyard? Lyndon Terracini, director of the Brisbane Festival, who spent thirty years in the opera houses of Europe before settling in the NSW town of Lismore, reveals the rich diversity of Australia's country-town culture...

Research report

16 Mar 2007

This report provides analysis of Internet-based services like social networks, blogs, wikis and media-sharing platforms. It examines the significance of Web 2.0-related social tools and explores the impact of RSS feeds, mashups, Web services, social bookmarking and folksonomies in the context of broader trends in...

Research report

16 Mar 2007

This collection of essays brings together the views of many leading figures within Britain?s creative industries to offer an important insight into this most dynamic sector of the British economy. The comments, viewpoints and essays collected here offer a practical account of how government can...

Commentary

Article

14 Mar 2007

The election campaign has once again exposed flaws in state-federal relations, writes DAVID BURCHELL

WHEN someone else’s child runs around at our kid’s birthday party, trashing the decorations, we’re inclined to accuse them of “attention-seeking behaviour’. If cities could be accused of attention-seeking...

Commentary

Article

14 Mar 2007

Labor is confronting the PM even on his home ground, writes Jack Waterford

PRIME MINISTER John Howard fights best with his back against the wall, and has all the advantages of incumbency, not least a very large supply of taxpayer cash, a comfortable...

Commentary

Article

14 Mar 2007

We can learn from Europe's broadband success stories, writes TREVOR BARR We can learn from Europe's broadband success stories, writes Trevor Barr

DR SAM PALTRIDGE of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development asked me in his Paris office, ?Guess what you get for...

Research report

8 Mar 2007

This paper examines Australia's future productivity growth prospects and, specifically, whether it is feasible for Australia to match the performance benchmarks set by other countries now and in the foreseeable future.

Key points • International comparisons of productivity at a national level are...

Research report

14 Mar 2007

Pat Walsh, Adviser on Transitional Justice to President Xanana Gusmao of Timor Leste, emphasizes the critical contribution made to the eventual achievement of Timor's independence by international civil society and its continuing importance. Closely associated with the Timor Leste Truth and Reconciliation Commission (CAVR), Walsh...

Research report

14 Mar 2007

Clinton Fernandes reviews the 2006 security agreement between Australia and Indonesia and finds that the realpolitik argument fails on its own terms. He rejects claims that military cooperation will enhance counter-terrorism, contribute to stability in Indonesia, or facilitate awareness of human rights issues within the...

Research report

8 Apr 2006

High rates of suicide, domestic violence and substance abuse on the Tiwi islands are a significant cause of problem behaviours amongst children. Parenting styles also differ from mainstream society, because traditional Aboriginal families are very much extended families, and parents just one point in a...

Research report

14 Mar 2007

This report presents the results of the Northern Territory’s first gambling prevalence survey. It describes the socio-demographic characteristics of gamblers, estimates the level of problem gambling using two measures, and identifies the key characteristics of problem gamblers, It also reports on a socio-spatial...

Research report

14 Mar 2007

Economic analysis by CSIRO, ABARE and the Australian Business Roundtable on Climate Change shows that the early introduction of carbon price is affordable and will not make electricity more expensive. It will also be a billion-dollar international industry. This fact sheet refutes some arguments about...

Research report

14 Mar 2007

It has been estimated that Australia expends between $1.3 and $2 billion annually on drug law enforcement activity. How do we measure the efficiency and effectiveness of this action, particularly when it is just part of the national effort to reduce demand and levels of...

Research report

1 Feb 2007

A diet quality index (DQI) provides a summary measure of overall diet quality. It represents a collection of scores applied to selected dietary components deemed to be representative of a healthy diet. Internationally, measures of overall diet quality have been associated with chronic disease risk...

Research report

14 Mar 2007

This lecture, available via podcast, argues that there should be an increase in international migration. Governments should not only free up their borders for trade, but should also make the movement of people easier in order to improve the global economy and the livelihoods of...

Research report

14 Mar 2007

Professor Raja Mohan, Strategic Affairs Editor of the Indian Express, and one of India's most influential commentators on India's foreign and strategic policy, delivered the inaugural Australia-India Strategic Lecture on the subject of India and East Asia in Melbourne on 21 February. The lecture has...

Research report

14 Mar 2007

Study synopsis

This study was funded by the Australian Government Attorney-General's Department, and conducted through a collaboration between Family Transitions, Relationships Australia and La Trobe University.

The study compared outcomes over one year for two groups of separated parents, who...

Research report

14 Mar 2007

This paper documents the clear change of view, which has taken place in Australia over the past three decades or so, concerning the relevance of the current account deficit for policy. Historical experience under a fixed exchange rate regime suggested that large persistent deficits were...

Research report

14 Mar 2007

This paper assesses the extent to which child poverty is associated with the work status of parents. Whiteford and Adema find that in nearly all OECD countries child poverty rates are significantly higher for jobless families than for families with at least one parent in...

Research report

14 Mar 2007

The labour market integration of immigrants in Australia is shaped by the country’s long tradition as an immigration country and its selection policy. Over the post-war period, the main origin countries of immigration to Australia have shifted from English-speaking countries to other OECD countries, and,...

Transcript

14 Mar 2007

In this speech to the Australian Telecommunications Users Group Annual Conference, the ACMA chair outlines ACMA's major projects for this year.

Research report

14 Mar 2007

The Australian broadband network continues to grow rapidly despite the current "noise and bluster" about telecommunications competition and access regulation, according to the ACCC chair, Graeme Samuel, in this speech at the ATUG Annual Conference in Sydney.

Submission

14 Mar 2007

In her detailed submission to the Australian Law Reform Commission's Review of Privacy, the Privacy Commissioner, Karen Curtis, has called for changes to a number of laws to assist in clarifying privacy requirements in the telecommunications industry. She identified a range of issues to address...

Guide

14 Mar 2007

The objective of this Guide is to provide a qualitative, in-depth analysis of Microsoft Unlimited Potential (UP) that will complement the largely quantitative analyses that have preceded it, and create a broader evidence base for understanding how UP works in Australia. In this sense, it...

Journal article

13 Mar 2007

Subsidised access to high-cost medicines in Australia is restricted under national programs (the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, PBS, and the Repatriation Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, RPBS) with a view to achieving cost-effective use. The aim of this study was to examine the use and associated government cost...

Research report

13 Mar 2007

This report situates the skill shortages in the printing industry within the wider context of technological change in the industry, which is altering the type of skills demanded by employers. He finds that, while employers will invest in new technology, they do not complement this...

Research report

13 Mar 2007

This report seeks to clarify the term 'skill shortage' and to explain how skill shortages can be resolved naturally by market forces. It also provides some guidance on determining when a skill shortage requires public-policy intervention.

Research report

13 Mar 2007

Modern submarines are stealthy and heavily armed with an array of weapons, including missiles, torpedoes and mines. They are able to strike targets on the surface, on land or even—in the not too distant future—in the air. Countering their impact requires a sophisticated capability including...

Research report

13 Mar 2007

Indigenous Australians needing accommodation face a number of problems including: • a lack of public housing; little or no private rental housing; and limited opportunity for home ownership • a series of failures of Indigenous housing programmes resulting in poorly targeted and inappropriate housing •...

Guide

13 Mar 2007

Based on the extensive experience of the AIHW this guide covers the basics of data development and the steps to follow when developing data. It outlines sound data development practices that incorporate the necessary steps to produce high-quality data that meet the needs of all...

Discussion paper

13 Mar 2007

The paper starts from the premise that digitalisation is challenging the parameters of consumer policy: guiding principles, confidence and competence, in particular with regard to participation, access and transparency. These parameters must be readjusted. The possible new risks are set off by new opportunities, opportunities...

Research report

9 Mar 2007

This paper examines the Victorian election campaign and the result, describing who won and why. It also includes a detailed explanation of voting for the new-look Legislative Council, and voting figures for each Assembly District and Council Region.

Commentary

Article

9 Mar 2007

The Liberals look like a political party visiting from a foreign country, writes DAVID BURCHELL

VISITORS from out of state (and particularly from that great city on the Yarra) often observe how different NSW politics is. Different from politics elsewhere, is what they...

Working paper

8 Mar 2007

This paper explores the relationship between cultural attitudes and estimates of the economic value of cultural institutions. The relationship is tested with preliminary findings from an empirical study of the economic value of two national cultural institutions in Australia?the National Museum of Australia and Old...

Conference paper

9 Mar 2007

Participants in this roundtable debated why Britain seems to fail to give practical, vocational or 'soft' skills the kind of importance that they deserve and how improvements can be made in the way they are delivered by offering opportunities for young people to have real...

Discussion paper

9 Mar 2007

In December the Smith Institute convened a roundtable discussion on the future direction of public libraries in order to seek a shared vision of the public library in the 21st century, aiming to identify both obstacles to adaptation and potential levers for action. This supplement...

Research report

9 Mar 2007

This report focuses on the semantic web and other metadata, digital identity managment and biometrics, radio frequency identification (RFID) and sensors, the geospatial web and location-based services, mesh networking, grid computing and new computing technologies.

Research report

9 Mar 2007

Bringing down the costs of internet access could set off the same wave of connectivity that has made mobile phone usage commonplace in developing countries, said innovators and corporate leaders from some of the world's leading technology firms meeting yesterday in northern California with government...

Research report

8 Mar 2007

The focus of this paper is the training and education needs of jobless Australians with limited education and skills: more than half those jobless people affected by the Welfare to Work policy have Year 10 qualifications or less, including more than 60 per cent of...

Research report

8 Mar 2007

The conventional view of the knowledge economy based on high technology industries and frontier technologies, like biotech and nanotechnology, presents an incomplete picture. Don't overlook the significance of low and medium technology industries in services and manufacturing (eg. food processing, transport, financial services, timber and...

Audio podcast

7 Mar 2007

David Herlihy, professor of music industry and copyright at Northeastern University, reviews the current landscape of the field and explores both business models and copyright policy for the future.

Statistics

8 Mar 2007

The Internet reaches 747 million people worldwide, 1.3 million of whom reside in the top 15 countries ranked by Internet population. The greatest growth over the past year comes from India (33 percent); the Russian Federation (21 percent); and China (20 percent).

Research report

7 Mar 2007

This report presents interviews with 36 senior executives from the converging world. The interviews reveal that convergence has become one of the most central and significant issues faced in the technology, media and telecommunications sector today.

Research report

7 Mar 2007

Global strategic changes are leading to a faster pace of nuclear proliferation, including in Northeast Asia. Australia currently relies on the US for nuclear protection. But these regional changes could necessitate a rethinking of this position. In this paper, Robyn Lim raises questions about Australia’s...

Research report

7 Mar 2007

On 14 November 2006, the High Court handed down its long-awaited decision in the Workplace Relations Case. By a majority of 5:2, the Court rejected all of the challenges by the States and unions to the constitutional validity of the Federal Government’s new workplace relations...

Research report

7 Mar 2007

This paper focuses on the actual experience of housing affordability, revealing how deeply the problem cuts into the financial and general wellbeing of renters. Not only does it create intense hardship for many, but there is no escape from the relentless squeeze between income and...

Research report

7 Mar 2007

Human beings have an innate need to find meaning in their lives. The trouble is, the things that people used to rely on to give their lives meaning — for the most part family, work and religion — are losing their grip for many in...

Research report

7 Mar 2007

This paper briefly describes the administrative framework supporting the Parliament of Australia, and also its current financial arrangements. A review of the funding arrangements which exist in other comparable legislatures suggests an avenue of reform for the Parliament’s administrative and budgetary arrangements to strengthen the...

Research report

7 Mar 2007

This paper reviews New Zealand's system of election funding in the light of the 2005 election. A series of serious breaches of the rules by several parties have been documented, but with little prospect of punishment. Enforcement of the rules is weak, with breaches treated...

Research report

7 Mar 2007

The picture that emerges from this assessment is not positive. Whereas Australia was once a leader in the global struggle for gender equality, this report makes clear that in recent years Australia has resiled from this commitment and many of the achievements of an earlier...

Research report

7 Mar 2007

WorkCover management wants to make big cuts in compensation payments to injured workers. The rationale put forward is that injured workers are to blame for WorkCover's poor performance, rather than its own continuing inability to manage the scheme. Kevin Purse examines the reasons behind this...

Research report

7 Mar 2007

This is the third and final in a series of Family Wellbeing participatory action research (PAR) evaluation reports prepared by Apunipima Cape York Health Council over the past 5 years. The present evaluation confirms previous FWB evaluation findings across a range of settings and other...

Research report

7 Mar 2007

A new law protecting workers with family and carer responsibilities from discrimination and giving them a right to request flexible work arrangements is at the centre of a range of recommendations in this report. HREOC sets out a framework for reform which recognises changing family...

Research report

7 Mar 2007

Much has been written about the apparent failure of child protection authorities to rescue children from situations of significant abuse or neglect, or alternatively to protect the rights of children who are living in substitute care. But the real national scandal is arguably the sudden...

Research report

7 Mar 2007

A State handover of health services to the Commonwealth, as suggested by Tony Abbott, would be the best way to overcome the waste and buck-passing between the Commonwealth and State governments. Another option would be a joint national Commonwealth/State health commission. Both approaches would require...

Research report

7 Mar 2007

ABSTRACT

There is emerging evidence that after infertility and assisted conception women are at increased risk of early parenting difficulties. The aims of this study were to characterize postpartum psychological functioning of women conceiving through assisted reproductive technology (ART) and to identify factors...

Research report

28 Feb 2007

According to this study, the Council of Australian Governments' National Reform Agenda has the potential to significantly raise national output and incomes in Australia. The study examines the benefits potentially available in the long term from further enhancing competition in key infrastructure areas, reducing regulatory...

Research report

2 Mar 2007

This paper sets out the government's position on many of the recommendations made by the Corporations and Markets Advisory Committee with regard to insider trading. It also seeks views and information on certain issues it considers deserving of additional consideration. Comments are particularly sought on...

Research report

1 Mar 2007

The federal government adopted accrual accounting in 1997 and in 1999-2000 for the first time presented a budget based on accrual accounting principles. The committee looked at the impact of outcome budgeting, multiple sources of funding and the use of ordinary annual services to fund...

Transcript

7 Mar 2007

With convergence potentially opening up a vast array of new channels for the distribution of audio visual and print entertainment, news, information and opinion, the challenge for the ACCC will be to promote competition and not allow incumbents to impede the development of competitive choices...

Discussion paper

7 Mar 2007

Graham Greenleaf argues that the federal government's 'access card' proposals should be rejected by parliament. He argues that inadequacies in the bill make it close to inevitable that the access card system will develop into a national identification system, contrary to the government's promise to...

Research report

6 Mar 2007

Formal exit strategies from social housing regeneration programs assist an estate to become a community by involving local tenants, developing leadership capacity and establishing community-run successor organisations write Keith Jacobs, Kathy Arthurson and Bill Randolph.

Social housing estate regeneration strategies are funded and facilitated...

Research report

6 Mar 2007

For present purposes, we might simply define housing careers as “the sequence of housing circumstances an individual or household occupies over their life (Beer, Faulkner and Gabriel 2006:1). The literature directly addressing Indigenous Australian housing careers is sparse. Contrasting with the paucity of works on...

Research report

6 Mar 2007

This report sets out to establish whether there is a link between changes in Australian working patterns and aspects of wellbeing associated with relationships, particularly those in families, but also including friendships and participation in the broader community.

A significant body of evidence...

Research report

6 Mar 2007

Held on traditional Yolngu grounds at Gulkula, the bush setting of the Key Forum helps to foster a sense of co-operation between and Yolngu and Ngapaki, and provides a unique opportunity for different people to come together and discuss contemporary Indigenous issues. The theme of...

Research report

6 Sep 2006

The African community makes up a significant part of the new arrivals in the Territory, although their numbers in the NT are small in comparison with other states. For example, there were 126 refugees in 2003-2004 compared to 3,235 in NSW and 3,199 in Victoria...

Research report

6 Mar 2007

Only 18 per cent of the current non-indigenous population were born in the Territory, and most people like living there because of its laid-back, casual lifestyle. These are two of the results of this survey on attitudes to the Territory and the reasons why people...

Article

6 Mar 2007

The current drug regulatory system is outdated and relies primarily on a process of premarketing evaluation, followed by periodic reviews of reported adverse events. Current drug evaluation systems do not incorporate the comprehensive evidence accruing over time in clinical practice. This paper proposes an alternative...

Commentary

Article

6 Mar 2007

Patrick Weller looks at how Ian Campbell was sacrificed to political expediency

IAN CAMPBELL has had a raw deal. He has lost his job as federal human services minister for holding a meeting in 2006. Nothing more. He is the sacrificial victim of...

Research report

5 Mar 2007

Over the past 25 years the Commonwealth has committed to several sport facility funding programs. However, in each case the distribution of projects funded, and total funds allocated has been concentrated into marginal electorates. With a greater number of projects being funded per marginal electorate...

Research report

5 Mar 2007

'Good governance' – the current buzzword of the international development community, despite its elusiveness – promises prosperity and democratic justice for all citizens of the world. Good governance commonly espouses the efficient management of a country’s institutions and social and economic resources in an open,...

Research report

5 Mar 2007

If we want to understand how children learn to read (and why some find this so difficult), we first need to identify the set of reading skills that children will need to acquire. That in turn means that we first need to understand skilled reading...

Research report

2 Mar 2007

This report assesses the technical feasibility and financial viability of the text server proposed by the Communications Alliance, formerly the Australian Communications Industry Forum (ACIF). The proposed text server provides any-to-any text connectivity for people who are deaf or who have a hearing or speech...

Discussion paper

2 Mar 2007

Is the Internet Governance Forum an ineffectual talking shop unable to influence significantly the hard issues and choices at stake?or an important landmark on the road to more representative multi-stakeholder regulation of the Internet? This paper explores underlying values and policy-making dynamics in international Internet...

Video

2 Mar 2007

A technology is a means of satisfying human wants. In the broadest sense of the word, it involves both production and consumption activities, but conventionally we focus on, and measure, just the production aspects of technologies. Jonathan Gershuny looks at time diary surveys to provide...

Research report

2 Mar 2007

This report provides an overview of the production and consumption of AOSD in Australia and discusses the extent to which organised crime is involved in manufacture and distribution. It examines the National Drug Strategy, reviews its main aims and effectiveness, and provides a brief overview...

Commentary

Article

2 Mar 2007

Despite what the defence minister says, the most striking thing about the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan is how different they are, writes William Maley

BRENDAN NELSON has been having a rather rough time as Defence Minister. His is genuinely a portfolio in...

Research report

2 Mar 2007

This report argues that, more than ever before, culture has a vital role to play in international relations. This stems from the wider, connective and human values that culture has: culture is both the means by which we come to understand others, and an aspect...

Research report

2 Mar 2007

This report looks at the current arrangements in place for providing equipment to people with disabilities. It examines the adequacy of the current legislative, regulatory and self-regulatory framework for the provision of telecommunications equipment and of disability equipment programs provided by the Universal Service Provider...

Research report

2 Mar 2007

Some 34 per cent of internet users in the United States have logged onto the internet using a wireless connection either around the house, at their workplace, or somewhere else.

Research report

1 Mar 2007

Just over half a million (544,600) workers were ready and willing to work more hours in September 2006 according to this ABS report. The vast majority (483,900 or 89%) of underemployed workers were working part-time. They represented 17% of all part-time workers in the labour...

Research report

1 Mar 2007

More students are staying in school and class sizes have gone down, but there are also fewer male teachers than there were 20 years ago, according to ABS annual schools census. The survey shows that as at August 2006, nearly three-quarters of all students were...

Research report

1 Mar 2007

Bringing guns back to the Solomons, Alpers argues, would reverse a life-saving regional trend begun in Bougainville, and seen most recently in East Timor, where the first Australian peacekeeping commander declared: 'We will be disarming everybody in Dili'. Moreover, across 20 Pacific nations, and now...

Research report

1 Mar 2007

A cruel irony has marked recent Australian social policy. Reconciliation between indigenous and settler Australians –which involves a concept and a process that are essentially symbolic – was made "practical", limited to policies aimed at improving Aboriginal living conditions that the government should have been...

Research report

1 Mar 2007

This Research Monograph investigates the relationship between urban environments and health. The project examines the empirical evidence for relationships between urban environments and health outcomes, focusing on three specific aspects of the urban environment: urban form, transport systems and the location of health services....

Conference proceedings

1 Mar 2007

Held in Melbourne in February 2007, this conference was an exploration of policy proposals designed to assist people in making transitions across the life course. The focus was on social investment and an investigation into how such ideas can translate into an updated participation income...

Research report

1 Mar 2007

According this MJA research, Children in home-based foster care experience high rates of mental health problems but only a minority receive professional help for their problems.

The objective of the research was to identify the prevalence of mental health problems, rates of suicidal ideation...

Research report

1 Mar 2007

Debt freedom day is a good barometer of the pressure that private debt puts upon the Australian economy. Steve Keen, explains why this pressure is getting worse - and what we can do about it.

Private debt is now over 152 per cent...

Commentary

Article

1 Mar 2007

John Howard has shown Kevin Rudd how to go with the flow, writes David Burchell

WHAT should we make of the recent opinion polls which appear to show Kevin Rudd eclipsing John Howard as preferred PM? The unexciting answer, I think, is: not...

Audio podcast

28 Feb 2007

Matthew Pearl considered how literary titans such as Twain, Dickens, Poe, and Whitman confronted copyright transitions in their time. He ranges from copyright clubs and associations that transformed the intellectual property map, to modern rhetoric about intellectual property and the large role it may continue...

Article

28 Feb 2007

Globalisation has bound people, countries, and markets closer than ever, rendering national borders relics of a bygone era - or so we're told. But a close look at the data reveals a world that's just a fraction as integrated as the one we thought we...