August 2007

Report

31 Aug 2007

This report is a summary of the 2007 Defence budget. It covers strategic resource allocation, defence spending, 2007-08 Defence budget initiatives, capital investment, personnel, defence management, international comparison.

Report

31 Aug 2007

Australia and Japan have embarked on two important developments in their bilateral relationship, a Joint Declaration on Security Cooperation and negotiations on a Free Trade Agreement. This paper looks at the security and economic developments and the implications for relations with China.

Report

31 Aug 2007

Americans continue to fault news organizations for a number of perceived failures. Solid majorities criticize the news media for political bias, inaccuracy and failing to acknowledge mistakes. Some of the harshest indictments of the press come from the growing segment that relies on the internet...

Report

31 Aug 2007

Despite dramatic structural changes in the news media since the 1980s, the interests of news audiences have changed very little over the past several decades. Disaster News and Money News have been at the top of the charts throughout, while Tabloid News and Foreign News...

Report

30 Aug 2007

A juvenile pre-court diversion scheme was introduced in the Northern Territory in 2000. Administered by police, it uses warnings and conferences to divert selected juveniles from the court process. This paper reports on an analysis of Northern Territory police records on 3,597 apprehended juveniles over...

Report

30 Aug 2007

The use of fire in homicide is a particularly heinous crime, involving burning of the victim before or after death. It is thought to be a relatively rare phenomenon and, as such, little is known about its nature and extent in Australia. Over a 16-year...

Report

30 Aug 2007

This research investigates the impact of international education on the mission and priorities, finances and financial systems, organizational cultures, facilities and services, academic organization and the character of education in Australian universities. The research team conducted interviews with senior executives, administrators and academic managers at...

Report

30 Aug 2007

OECD analysis shows that large reductions in greenhouse gas emissions are achievable at relatively low costs, if the right policies are put in place. This includes strong use of market-based instruments world wide to develop a global price for emissions, accompanied by better integration of...

Report

30 Aug 2007

This report recommends codifying ministerial responsibility, strengthening FOI, regulating lobbying, creating a Parliamentary Standards Commission, and establishing independent Parliamentary Presiding Officers.

Report

30 Aug 2007

China and America may be at the start of a destabilising nuclear arms race, as China tries to preserve its ability to deter US nuclear attack in the light of US missile defences and nuclear system upgrades. That would undermine hopes that the US and...

Report

30 Aug 2007

Following independent MP Peter Andren's announcement that cancer has forced him to withdraw from active politics, his former chief of staff Tim Payne reviews his parliamentary career. Payne briefly discusses ten areas where he believes Peter Andren has made a significant contribution. “There are many...

Report

30 Aug 2007

Social, economic and technological change has altered the way in which families spend time together. Important changes include increases in maternal employment, part-time employment and the number of people living alone. There have also been higher levels of geographic mobility, lower fertility rates and the...

Report

30 Aug 2007

There is considerable evidence that corticosteroid treatments are frequently associated with severe emotional and even psychiatric disturbances. Since their introduction as therapeutic agents, corticosteroids have been associated with symptoms ranging from mood disturbances to (florid) psychosis. In consideration of the centrality of steroid use in...

Report

30 Aug 2007

This Briefing provides an overview of hospitalised injury due to falls from ladders. Injurious falls from ladders requiring admission to hospital occurred at a rate of 18.5 per 100,000 population in the year to June 30 2005 (n= 3,486). Two-thirds of hospitalised injury incidents due...

Strategy

30 Aug 2007

This plan for housing affordability outlines a series of proposals, including a government-operated shared equity scheme for first homebuyers and extend the First Home Owners Grant into a mortgage assistance payment; increased investment in public and community housing by private financiers, investors, developers and government;...

Report

30 Aug 2007

This report shows that the number of Australians living in poverty has increased over the past 10 years. Using an international poverty line of 50 per cent of median income, the numbers increased from 7.6 per cent to 9.9 per cent of the population between...

Article

29 Aug 2007

The 19th Century Industrial Revolution sparked moral debate about the virtues of the hand- versus machine-made. Today a similar debate is simmering as we embrace the digital information age. Rebecca Roke explores the middle-ground where craft and digital technology in design meet.

Book

29 Aug 2007

With a little practice and experience, digital journalism will actually save you time. Talk to any newspaper reporters who have successful blogs and ask them if it takes more time out of their week because they?re doing ?extra? work. The answer likely will be ?no.?...

Blog post

29 Aug 2007

This post details some basic Web 2.0 concepts with links to cultural institutions/other sites where relevant. These definitions come from a mixture of sources, primarily the social media wiki specifically Short A-Z definitions, and the Audience Research wiki.

Article

29 Aug 2007

New West, the voice of the Rocky Mountains is a successful local media website. Jonathan Weber answers some Frequently Asked Questions about how to set up this kind of site.

"Almost every week, I get at least one call from someone who is...

Report

28 Aug 2007

By highlighting the dynamics of open source software use in the universities of those countries, this report facilitates comparisons of the role of free/libre/open source software (FLOSS) in a variety of organizations whose separate activities and interactions are of critical importance for the development of...

Report

28 Aug 2007

In this report leading women in the computer and social sciences consider their vision of the future of computing. What do these visions mean for the computer science research agenda?

Report

28 Aug 2007

A summary of Australia's key economic and social indicators. The summary is available in table format and as a graphical summary. Key National Indicator graphs will be updated as additional data becomes available. A summary of Australia's key economic and social indicators. The summary is...

Report

28 Aug 2007

This submission examines aspects of the exposure draft of the Human Services (Enhanced Service Delivery) Bill 2007, the legislation for a national ID card. It concentrates on those aspects of the Bill which (directly or indirectly) determine the scope and purposes of the identity system...

Report

28 Aug 2007

Arthritis costs $24 billion each year in health care, lost time at work, shortened lives and years spent with disability. Prepared for Arthritis Australia, this report assesses the economic costs to Australia of one of the country's most prevalent diseases. There are more than 100...

Report

28 Aug 2007

There is plenty of evidence for intergenerational transmission of disadvantage. However, mortality, as the most significant adverse outcome of children, is not well explored, especially in Australia. Lack of appropriate data is one of the main reasons.

To tackle this issue, this...

Report

28 Aug 2007

This paper looks at examples of what has gone wrong with Australia's existing regulatory regime and at concrete examples of what can be improved with a new approach to regulation which is more fully focused on continually optimising our regulatory systems in the way businesses...

Report

28 Aug 2007

Theoretical discussion of welfare state citizenship has focused too narrowly on bundles of rights and duties, with too little concern for the cultures of institutions, relationships and meanings that define them. It has been convenient, especially for comparative research, to reduce citizenship to measurable quantities...

Report

28 Aug 2007

Providing adequate assistance for people to overcome the extraordinary circumstances that lead to homelessness and unemployment seems, on the face of it, to make good sense. Yet there are diverse opinions about what adequate or meaningful assistance may comprise. One idea is that joining up...

Conference paper

28 Aug 2007

Numerous social policy analysts have suggested that globalisation and the emergence of more knowledge based economies have encouraged high income nations to shift away from a model of protective welfare focused on social rights and towards a model of productive welfare focused on social investment....

Report

28 Aug 2007

This report evaluates and responds to the outcomes of CCau Industry Forum, a research-focused industry engagement event held in November 2006. The event was organised by the CCi Creative Commons Clinic and Creative Commons and Open Content Licensing research projects in response to the Digital...

Report

28 Aug 2007

This report sets out to improve the Ombudsman’s handling of complaints about courts and tribunals; give courts and tribunals a clearer understanding of the Ombudsman’s role; improve public understanding of the role of the Ombudsman in relation to courts and tribunals; and improve understanding of...

Report

28 Aug 2007

Individual pension accounts are growing in importance as a pillar of retirement incomes policy in the developed world. Policy-makers have generally assumed that by introducing pre-funded pension schemes, they can increase household wealth and thereby raise retirement incomes. However, there has been relatively little empirical...

Report

28 Aug 2007

This report explores the various approaches and experiences of NSW councils when preparing Social/Community Plans. The review outlines key implications for future practice, and also considers the NSW Department of Local Government's proposals for a new Integrated Planning and Reporting framework. While the focus is...

Report

28 Aug 2007

This report focuses on the undesirable impacts caused by exotic vertebrate animals (mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish) that have become pests in Australia, and sets out a strategy to prevent the establishment of new exotic vertebrate pests.

Report

28 Aug 2007

Gambling is a part of Australian life and many people derive enjoyment from it. But a minority of Australians (and their families) suffer considerable anguish and hardship - more akin to the experience with alcohol.

A balanced industry and policy environment must therefore take...

Article

28 Aug 2007

This final report of ACMA's review, initiated by the Minister for Communications, Information Technology and the Arts, concludes that current regulatory arrangements are generally providing adequate safeguards for viewers, but also makes a number of recommendations for improvements aimed at enhancing the operation of the...

Report

28 Aug 2007

The evolution of internet services from niche to mainstream over the last ten years underlines the tremendous rate of change in the industry. Keeping across developments is a key challenge for the ACCC and, no doubt, the industry as whole. Michael Cosgrave of the ACCC's...

Report

28 Aug 2007

Advances in multimedia handsets, the increasing use of mobile data services and the proliferation of 3G services have opened the mobile internet up to variations on traditional above-the-line and below-the-line advertising. Mobile advertising is the placement of advertisements (currently display and search are the most...

Report

28 Aug 2007

This month's edition look at the latest cases, legislation, competition decisions and regulation within the Australian communications industry.

Article

28 Aug 2007

Another perspective on the federal government's new funding scheme aimed at revitalising Australian TV and film production. Antony Funnell talks to Sydney-based film and television producer Penny Chapman.

Report

25 Aug 2007

Gender is an important and frequently cited area of discourse and activity in contemporary Timor-Leste. Many organizations work in a range of ways to challenge the disparities that women experience in terms of access to rights, wellbeing, services and power. Gender is also regularly...

Report

25 Aug 2007

This report finds that since 2001 it has cost the Australian taxpayer more than $500,000 per person to process fewer than 1700 asylum seekers in Nauru, Manus and Christmas Island. By comparison, the latest estimate from the Department of Immigration and Citizenship suggests that the...

Report

24 Aug 2007

Young people leaving care are arguably one of the most vulnerable and disadvantaged groups in society. Compared to most young people they face numerous barriers to accessing educational, employment and other developmental and transitional opportunities.

The Australian and international literature suggests that care leavers...

Report

24 Aug 2007

There is a lack of evidence about the outcomes of child protection services, in particular, their impact on the educational outcomes of children in the care of the state. Education makes a significant contribution to the development and well-being of children, providing an important gateway...

Report

24 Aug 2007

Improving the educational outcomes for young people has been a key social policy focus of state governments across Australia, evidenced for example by moves to increase the school leaving age; reform of certificates of education; and expansion of vocational education and training in schools. In...

Report

15 Feb 2006

The Listen Hear! Report, identifies that productivity loss related directly to hearing impairment accounts for well over half (57%) of the total financial costs – or some $6.7 billion a year. Hearing loss represents a real financial cost to Australia of $11.75 billion per annum...

Report

24 Aug 2007

Donna Mulhearn discusses her experience as a human shield in 2004 during the US siege on Fallujah. She is joined by a Middle East correspondent and an international aid worker, who give their perspectives on the causes and effects of global conflicts.

Report

24 Aug 2007

The proportion of the population aged over 65 is projected to increase from 13% in 2004 to 20% by 2024. As hospital use increases with age (after the age of 50), this ageing of the Australian population can be expected to affect both the demand...

Transcript

23 Aug 2007

During the X-Media Lab conference entitled, 'Digital Worlds: Social, Virtual, Mobile'. held in Melbourne from 10 - 12 August 2007, ABC Radio National reporter James Panichi interviewed Indian filmmaker, Shekhar Kapur and American Brian Gruber, the founder and CEO of San Francisco based FORA.TV....

Conference paper

23 Aug 2007

In economies where labour forces are rapidly ageing, one policy-relevant question regarding technological and organisational innovations has to do with their labour-market consequences: do they affect the structure of employment and, as a consequence, do they hurt the employment prospects of older workers? This study...

Report

21 Aug 2007

This research report surveys the operation of three types of voting system – first past the post, preferential and proportional representation (single transferable vote) – in Australia. Despite parliamentary enquiries after each federal election, there is generally little call for major changes to be made...

Report

23 Aug 2007

The findings of this study show that tax evasion is considered to never be justifiable by the majority of people in each country. But the data also show that a large minority in each country consider tax evasion to be justifiable in some cases....

Commentary

Article

23 Aug 2007

Kevin Andrews acted precipitately and in error on Mohamed Haneef, writes ANDREW LYNCH

YESTERDAY’S decision by the Federal Court to quash the revocation of Dr Mohamed Haneef’s visa throws the government’s role in the affair back under the spotlight. Not only does the...

Case study

23 Aug 2007

This article describes an oral history analog-to-digital reformatting pilot project conducted at the University of Kentucky Libraries for the purposes of preservation and access. The project includes master file creation and a custom interface for searching and retrieving Web mounted audio segments. Through a cost...

Report

21 Aug 2007

Closing the Gap is the Northern Territory’s Indigenous generational plan of action, in answer to the Little children are sacred report. It is aimed at closing the gap in outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Territorians. It contains a vision and objectives for the future socio-economic...

Report

21 Aug 2007

One of the most striking features of the modern world is its changing demographic profile. In almost any policy arena, the issue of demographic change (or ageing) sits alongside globalisation, climate change and the knowledge revolution as areas which are transforming societies, including the ways...

Report

21 Aug 2007

A survey of alcohol and other drug treatment services found that a majority of managers were satisfied with their jobs and committed to their organisations. But 8 per cent of managers indicated experiencing high levels of burnout and one in five expressed an intention to...

Report

21 Aug 2007

What sort of HIV-prevention education programs work best? What can researchers do to enable people to transform their sexual lives? Sue Kippax explores some of the models underlying prevention 'interventions' and discusses her own work and that of the NCHSR to illustrate what she has...

Report

21 Aug 2007

In December 2006 the Ministerial Council on Drug Strategy agreed to the development of a National Amphetamine-Type Stimulants Strategy. This consultation paper was designed to facilitate this process by promoting discussion at a series of consultation forums.

Report

21 Aug 2007

This paper provides the results of econometric examination of the causes of labour market outcome for immigrants to Australia. Because labour market success is measured on a continuous scale it is possible to confirm the importance of a number of immigrant attributes in explaining labour...

Conference proceedings

21 Aug 2007

This conference addressed key issues related to building leadership in schools that makes a difference to student learning outcomes. It provided news about the latest research on leadership practices that enable conditions for quality teaching and student learning and stimulated discussion about the resources and...

Report

21 Aug 2007

Drawing on interviews with more than 450 Timorese between the ages of 15 and 25, thus report shows the majority of those interviewed believed that the Timorese leaders were responsible for the crisis and that most young people did not participate in the violence. Youth...

Report

21 Aug 2007

This book provides a comprehensive account of how parents divide their time between caring for children, housework, paid work and leisure. By looking at how the costs and benefits of children are currently conceptualised and apportioned, the book shows what becoming a mother entails and...

Report

21 Aug 2007

This report documents the first research conducted on violence and abuse in lesbian, gay, bisexual and transexual (LGBT) relationships in Sydney and the services and help that was accessed by those who experienced abuse.

Domestic violence is a major health concern for gay, lesbian,...

Report

21 Aug 2007

The UDIA has prepared this report as a contribution to the debate on solutions to address the housing affordability crisis in Australia today. Commencing with an analysis of housing affordability and the importance of home ownership, this report analyses affordability using the UDIA/Matusik Affordability Measure....

Report

21 Aug 2007

Since 2001, there has been an exponential increase in private equity investment in global markets from just under $US200 billion to just over $US800 billion. The strong growth in private equity in Australia is, however, a more recent phenomenon, having accelerated only during 2006. Two...

Report

21 Aug 2007

This report surveys the water needs of South East Queensland and the government structures in place to develop initiatives and implement strategies to secure and manage water supply. It examines the proposed Traveston Crossing and Wyaralong dams and their social and environmental impacts, and looks...

Commentary

Article

20 Aug 2007

Australia is tacitly endorsing India's maverick approach, argues ANDY BUTFOY

IT APPEARS Australia has ditched its longstanding insistence that the nuclear weapons non-proliferation treaty (NPT) should be the principal benchmark in arms control. This is an obvious interpretation of Canberra’s decision to pave...

Article

21 Aug 2007

This issue looks at proposed changes to the duty of disclosure; the design registrability of fonts; a patent infringement validity decision; trade mark examination for short marks; changes to the process for filing divisional trade mark applications; and linking of single class trade mark registrations....

Conference paper

21 Aug 2007

Social media such as blogs, wikis and digital stories facilitate knowledge exchange through social networking. Such media create a new forum within which dispersed audiences can engage with design processes to create new knowledge and artefacts. Across the online environment, there is a growing engagement...

Report

21 Aug 2007

This report attempts to gauge the future of news in America through an examination of trends in internet-based news traffic. It suggests that the internet is redistributing the news audience in a way that is benefiting some news organizations while harming others.

Article

21 Aug 2007

Many people argues that paper?s long career as a medium of human communication, and in particular as a purveyor of news, is ending. But there are cognitive, cultural and social dimensions to the human-paper dynamic that come into play every time any kind of paper,...

Report

21 Aug 2007

WEBCAST Cities are exciting. Cities are buzzing. They are alive with movement. A rapid flow of exchange is facilitated by a meshwork of infrastructure connections: road systems, building complexes, information and communication technology and people networks. In this environment, the Internet has advanced to become...

Report

21 Aug 2007

New government funding arrangements are being put in place to try to boost production levels for Australian cinema and TV - but will they work? Antony Funnell talks to Richard Harris, CEO of the South Australian Film Corporation.

Report

21 Aug 2007

This report presents the results of the first national qualitative research study into Australian community broadcasting audiences. It explores why a significant and increasing number of Australians listen to community radio and/or watch community television, what they value about it, and how it meets their...

Report

20 Aug 2007

This paper seeks not only to reiterate the support that HREOC has given to multiculturalism over the past two decades but also to reinvigorate multiculturalism as an important foundation for the growing cultural, linguistic and religious diversity of Australian society.

Report

20 Aug 2007

The strategy is intended to facilitate development of a bipartisan, coordinated, long-term and multi-jurisdictional approach, working together to reduce the pressing and complex issues in Indigenous justice. There are four key law and justice issues highlighted: to increase actual and perceived safety; to reduce crime...

Report

20 Aug 2007

Bill Bowtell, one of the architects of Australia’s successful HIV/AIDS policy, passionately and persuasively argues that HIV can be eradicated within three generations. With political will, the lessons of successful HIV prevention can – and must – be applied globally. As the second phase of...

Report

8 Aug 2007

Public policy is often influenced by a presumption that individuals act rationally in their own best interests. This is clearly not always the case. People act intuitively and can make mistakes that they later regret. And many make sacrifices for the benefit of others. Behavioural...

Report

16 Aug 2007

A significant number of government departments and agencies are engaged in work overseas that either directly or indirectly conveys to the world a positive image of Australia. The committee commended the work of Australia's government departments and agencies, the cultural and educational institutions and the...

Report

20 Aug 2007

This report of the inquiry into the integration of regional road and rail networks and their interface with ports found that many of Australia’s ports suffer from deficiencies in their transport and logistics infrastructure. The deficiencies include: missing supply links; a lack of rail capacity;...

Commentary

Article

17 Aug 2007

It’s a pity that his own country won’t embrace Gareth Evans and his passion to eliminate nuclear weapons, writes GEOFFREY BARKER

He’s older and grayer and his beard has shrunk to a well-tended goatee. But Gareth Evans is still impatient, impassioned and doubtless...

Article

17 Aug 2007

When a goal of crowdsourced writing is to produce a traditional book, the right structure helps while allowing unpredictable crowd elements and behavior to surprise ? a crucial element of crowdsourced book writing?s appeal and success.

People who have joined crowdwriting projects hail...

Article

17 Aug 2007

Information and communication technologies can be a huge aid in the effort to build lasting peace, by helping people communicate, view information, make decisions, and understand each other better.

Peace is not created with a one-time act: the cease-fire, accord, or reconciliation is just...

Report

17 Aug 2007

Less than one month after the inaugural Japan-Australia 2+2 Ministerial Meeting the Japanese Defence Minister Fumio Kyuma resigned. This Policy Analysis looks at the implications for Australia-Japan defence relations and Japan's security posture more generally.

Report

17 Aug 2007

In any terrorist attack on Australian soil, it will be the media that defines the experience for the Australian public. The media will cover what happened and why, who did it, and will analyse whether anything could have been done to prevent the incident. Over...

Report

17 Aug 2007

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease are three common and serious illnesses in Australia. These three diseases have shared common risk factors, and often occur together. The National Centre for Monitoring Cardiovascular Disease and the National Centre for Monitoring Diabetes have collaborated to investigate...

Report

17 Aug 2007

Juvenile justice in Australia 2005-06 provides information on all young people in juvenile justice supervision in Australia, both in the community and in detention. It includes data on the characteristics of the young people under supervision such as age, sex and indigenous status, and their...

Commentary

Article

16 Aug 2007

Extreme views should be exposed to public scrutiny rather than hidden away by federal government censors, writes BEN SAUL

MOST democratic governments would be deeply worried that the maladministration of bad laws will corrode the rule of law and threaten the freedoms of...

Article

17 Aug 2007

The Australian Communications and Media Authority has imposed additional licence conditions on the community radio broadcasting licence for the New South Wales 2RBR Coraki community radio service because of concerns that the majority of the station's members and sponsors are located outside the planned licence...

Article

17 Aug 2007

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission today published a final determination made in the arbitration of a dispute over access to the Line Sharing Service (LSS). The LSS, declared on 30 August 2002, allows two carriers to provide separate services over a single metallic pair...

Report

17 Aug 2007

experience for the Australian public. The media will cover what happened and why, who did it, and will analyse whether anything could have been done to prevent the incident. Over time the media might look for someone to be held accountable. Political leaders, government officials...

Article

17 Aug 2007

A coalition of media organisations has launched Australia's Right To Know campaign in response to a tightening of the operating environment for media organisations and journalists. The coalition includes News Limited, the ABC, Fairfax, the SBS, and AAP.

The campaign's aim is to draw...

Report

17 Aug 2007

Channel 4's on-screen contribution to UK public service broadcasting is well-known: since its establishment in 1982, Channel 4's track record of innovation, creativity, and quality in programming has been well recognised by the industry, the Office of Communications and the UK Government. Less well known...

Report

30 Jun 2007

One of the besetting sins of creative industries policy-making is its obsession with the new, its insistence that everything is changed utterly, and its seeming ignorance, often of its own history. In part this reflects the tangling up of creative industry policy in discourse about...

Report

17 Aug 2007

Global changes in the location of production and the outsourcing of tasks to low-wage countries have dominated the public discourse for some time. Especially the relatively recent IT boom in India, which has led to some media hype, nurturing a fear in high income countries...

Report

17 Aug 2007

UK public sector managers lack confidence in their own leadership skills and consistently underestimate what they achieve according to this survey using the Workshop Foundation's Liberating Leadership profiling tool.

Report

16 Aug 2007

This report affirms the financial difficulties many young Australians face in completing their university studies.

The findings from this AVCC survey indicate that on balance students are worse off today in financial terms than in 2000, especially full-time undergraduate students, which is adversely...

Report

16 Aug 2007

Shared care across the primary-specialty interface has been defined as the joint participation of primary care physicians and specialty care physicians in the planned delivery of care, informed by an enhanced information exchange, over and above routine discharge and referral notices. As such it has...

Report

16 Aug 2007

ANTaR's findings show that Indigenous-led health care initiatives often get the best results. The stories demonstrate that progress in improving Indigenous health is achieved when there is significant engagement with the Indigenous communities concerned and appropriate funding and support provided.

Report

16 Aug 2007

The five-yearly Census of Population and Housing is one of the most important sources of information about Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population, providing a wide range of socioeconomic indicators, particularly for small areas. It is also the basis for calculating the Indigenous estimated...

Report

16 Aug 2007

Australian Social Trends 2007 is the 14th edition of an annual series that presents information on contemporary social issues and areas of public policy concern. By drawing primarily on a wide range of ABS statistics, and statistics from other official sources, Australian Social Trends describes...

Report

16 Aug 2007

This guide has been written as a desktop manual to help in the formulation of policy, practice and ideas for sustaining tenancies in public housing.

It aims to show how eviction can be avoided through positive measures to provide a supportive environment for tenancies....

Report

16 Aug 2007

This data briefing summarises the main findings from the 2005-06 Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services (AODTS) NMDS data for the Northern Territory. Throughout this briefing, data from the Northern Territory are presented along with 2005-06 national AODTS-NMDS data. This data briefing summarises the main...

Report

16 Aug 2007

The Australian National Audit Office (ANAO) has released a report on Australian Technical Colleges. The report identifies key findings and makes recommendations to assist DEST improve its administration of the Australian Technical Colleges and other grant programmes.

Report

16 Aug 2007

This data briefing summarises the main findings from the 2005-06 Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services (AODTS) NMDS data for the Australian Capital Territory. Throughout this briefing, data from the Australian Capital Territory are presented along with 2005-06 national AODTS-NMDS data.

Report

16 Aug 2007

Separating the generational hype and conjecture from the serious, usable research and analysis is a challenge. McCrindle Research report an increasing number of organisations identifying generation gaps as the cause of failed communication, ineffective marketing and even workplace conflict. Yet some commentators are beginning to...

Article

16 Aug 2007

There are many things you can do to cultivate a positive, constructive online community where vitriolic outbreaks are relatively rare, short-lived, and easy to handle. Here are 12 tips to keep your online community civil, constructive and lively.

Article

16 Aug 2007

Separating the generational hype and conjecture from the serious, usable research and analysis is a challenge. McCrindle Research report an increasing number of organisations identifying generation gaps as the cause of failed communication, ineffective marketing and even workplace conflict. Yet some commentators are beginning to...

Conference proceedings

15 Aug 2007

The Smart works Symposium held on March 30, 31 and April 1, 2007, expanded on the themes of the Smart works exhibition and publication which together explore the work of around 40 enterprising designers and makers from Australia and New Zealand. Central to what these...

Article

16 Aug 2007

What is 'connected intelligence'? What is the impact on learning in organisations? What value does it contribute? And what must organisations do to maximise the potential? These are the questions investigated while conducting a 'connecting intelligence' experiment. The authors used a wiki to gather resources...

Audio presentation

16 Aug 2007

This discussion brings together an international panel of educators, who work with and in a virtual world, Second Life, to discuss their projects, the benefits and barriers of working in virtual worlds and how educators might make the most creative use of these environments. The...

Report

15 Aug 2007

Although labour force participation rates for Indigenous people still remain well below the levels for non-Indigenous Australians, there have been some improvements in employment rates and in the diversity of careers being pursued by Indigenous Australians. This report looks at positive examples of Indigenous employment...

Journal article

15 Aug 2007

This edition looks at the issues surrounding the release of version three of GNU General Public Licence software and a recent case in NSW that clarifies the contractual obligations of an online auction.

Survey

15 Aug 2007

This survey finds that the pending talent crisis within the technology industry is of most concern to technology organisations today. With the baby boomer generation reaching retiring age, international CEOs cite chronic shortages of talent as one of their greatest concerns. The findings are based...

Article

14 Aug 2007

New tighter classification rules for publications, films and computer games are before parliament. The government says increased censorship is needed to counter terrorism and federal Labor has given its broad support, but the Australian Press Council says the new laws are dangerous.

Report

14 Aug 2007

Gabe King investigates the growing problem of e-waste and the way in which manufacturers of media products are breaking the law in order to dump their waste in the developing world.

Report

13 Aug 2007

This report outlines opportunities for geosequestration or carbon capture and storage technology to be part of Australia’s greenhouse gas mitigation strategy. The report accepts the potential of this technology to reduce the negative impact of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions on the global climate and recommends...

Report

13 Aug 2007

Mortgage affordability and the ability to purchase a home has become a highly sensitive political issue in recent years. Indeed, the issue of indebtedness of Australian households, through credit cards, personal loans and mortgages, is now a regular topic of debate. This background note provides...

Report

13 Aug 2007

This background note presents graphs, tables and commentary on the subject of identifiable Commonwealth expenditure in the area of Indigenous Affairs - expenditure which we have termed 'Indigenous-specific' as, although it may come through any portfolio, it is always through programs or program components specifically...

Report

13 Aug 2007

This research paper summarises the performance of the economy during each administration from Whitlam through to Howard by providing period averages across a range of economic indicators. Though this approach has its limitations, it provides a useful overview and means of comparing the different administrations....

Report

13 Aug 2007

This report calls on the government to develop a national manufacturing strategy to address the changing nature of the manufacturing sector in an increasingly globalised market. To promote a brighter, more efficient industry, the report contains recommendations addressing the increasingly global and scientific nature of...

Report

13 Aug 2007

This report presents an introduction to the current state of breastfeeding in Australia, outlining existing programs that are working well but indicating that these would benefit from more support and increased awareness by the community of the importance of breastfeeding. It examines the health benefits...

Report

13 Aug 2007

This report provides background on the regulation of the superannuation industry and describes industry trends that have resulted in total superannuation savings in Australia exceeding the $1 trillion mark. It examines issues that relate to the reporting requirements of superannuation funds, including whether promotional advertising...

Report

15 Jul 2006

This study is the first extensive analysis of police investigations into rape offences in Victoria in more than a decade and was undertaken to address some of the gaps in knowledge identified by the Victorian Law Reform Commission in its Final Report on Sexual Offences...

Report

9 Aug 2007

The security implications of climate change are attracting increased attention, and for good reason. Scientific evidence shows that the earth is warming due largely to human activities and at a potentially unprecedented rate. Long-term changes in climate already have occurred and are projected to continue,...

Report

9 Aug 2007

A unique conjunction of factors - strong economic conditions and growth into the foreseeable future, Australia’s continuing need for a skilled workforce, and the forecast demographic squeeze facing the nation - mean it is now crunch time to open the doors to greater youth engagement...

Report

9 Aug 2007

This paper is an attempt to understand the incentives for and progress towards greater economic integration in South Asia. This sub-region comprises seven economies, namely, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, which are members of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation...

Report

9 Aug 2007

The old certainties of administrative law – its location, nature, and purpose – are dissolving; administrative law is now much more varied, diverse, and diffused. As Sedley (1997) argues, this "systematic dispersal of the sites of power beyond the confines of what we had learned...

Report

9 Aug 2007

Despite the Government’s claims to the contrary, the Access Card is a national identity card. Its design goes beyond what is strictly necessary for accessing health and welfare benefits, and the legislation is so weak as to allow a wide range of uses unrelated to...

Report

9 Aug 2007

Australia's involvement in the war on Iraq is one of the most controversial issues in the recent history of Australia foreign policy. This report documents Australian interference in the Iraqi economy and it's political institutions, interference that has advantaged Australian commercial interests to the detriment...

Report

9 Aug 2007

This paper uses longitudinal data from Australia to examine the extent to which overskilling – the extent to which work-related skills and abilities are utilized in current employment – is a transitory phenomenon. The results suggest that while overskilled workers are much more likely to...

Report

9 Aug 2007

In 1996 Australia elected a new Liberal government, ending 13 years of rule by the Australian Labor Party. The decade since has been marked by strong economic growth and prosperity, along with substantial changes in social and labour market policy. This paper highlights some of...

Report

9 Aug 2007

Introducing Gen Y

A lot has been said about Gen Y – the term typically used for those born between 976 and 99. They have been described as frivolous, called the “me generation”, labelled as spoilt and overprotected – as an ambitious generation,...

Report

9 Aug 2007

'A D&R System for Education' published by the UK's Innovation Unit and written by Eidos Board member and former Demos Director, Tom Bentley together with Sarah Gillinson, makes a number of recommendations for the two newly-formed UK education departments - the Department for Children, Schools...

Commentary

Article

7 Aug 2007

You can't protect children without supporting and involving their community, argues FIONA STANLEY, director of the Telethon Institute for Child Health Research

I REMEMBER clearly a young Aboriginal boy who changed my life - certainly my career. He was just four and I...

Commentary

Article

7 Aug 2007

Deaths will almost certainly result from the federal government's decision, argues JEFF RICHARDSON, who chaired the Tasmanian expert advisory group on Tasmanian hospitals.

FROM the point of view of health and the health care system the prime minister’s intervention in...

Report

7 Aug 2007

This interim Bills Digest addresses some of the issues presented by the new bill.

Report

8 Aug 2007

This brief is a guide to some of the literature, statistics and information on firearm ownership, firearm offences, firearm controls and government policies since the Port Arthur massacre in 1996.

Article

7 Aug 2007

The past two months has seen a crackdown by the Australian Communications and Media Authority on unsolicited electronic messages. Special counsel Karin Clark and lawyer Suzanne Komattu-Mathews report on the outcome of three recent decisions under the Spam Act 2003.

Report

8 Aug 2007

The .au Dispute Resolution Policy (auDRP) provides a cheaper, speedier alternative to litigation for the resolution of disputes between the registrant of a .au domain name and a party with competing rights in the domain name. After five years of operation, auDA is reviewing the...

Report

7 Aug 2007

This report compiles revenue, usage and market share numbers from Telstra, Optus, Vodafone, Primus and AAPT for the 2005-06 financial year using information extracted from the Regulatory Accounting Framework.

Article

8 Aug 2007

In 2003 Cordite commissioned Anna Hedigan to review the websites of Australia?s established literary journals. Now, four years later, we ask: what?s changed? Genevieve Tucker?s update looks at the online presences of some of Australia?s litjournals in the context of online content licensing, to give...

Article

8 Aug 2007

When you look at the data on Americans without broadband at home, it suggests that it will take time to get these holdouts off the digital sidelines.

Article

7 Aug 2007

In recent years, the economics of pop music have been upended. The market for CDs has collapsed, and not even the rise of legal downloading can offset the damage to record companies. Meanwhile, demand for live performances has rocketed.

Report

7 Aug 2007

Life expectancy has increased markedly over the last century in Australia. Has the number of years lived with a disability fallen or risen as overall life expectancy has lengthened? What is the impact of greater longevity on trends in disability? How much unmet demand is...

Conference paper

7 Aug 2007

Inspired by the political theorist Hannah Arendt, this paper poses the question: what does it mean to think morally and politically about homelessness? Recent research by Hanover Welfare Services, a prominent Melbourne-based homeless agency, confirms how moral judgements about homelessness continue to be informed by...

Report

7 Aug 2007

Early debates about voluntary associations and social capital revealed their potential significance as sites for the realisation of a range of societal outcomes, from facilitating small-scale collective endeavours and building capacity and resilience within communities, to promoting civic virtue and building social trust. However, in...

Report

7 Aug 2007

Low-income private renters are increasingly to be found in the middle and outer suburbs of Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide, according to this Research and Policy Bulletin based on research by Bill Randolph and Darren Holloway.

Report

2 Aug 2007

Although the outsourcing of services jobs to offshore economies has attracted a lot of media attention, there are no official statistics that specifically measure this phenomenon. OECD research has identified statistics which can be used as a proxy for the impact of offshoring in developed...

Report

1 Aug 2007

The change enacted by the government during the course of the 2006–07 financial year constitutes the largest overhaul of Australia's retirement saving system since the advent of the compulsory superannuation system in the late 80 and early 90s. This paper surveys the changes. While much...

Report

24 Jul 2007

This research brief considers the American experience of ownership deregulation from 1996 to the beginning of 2007 and makes comparisons with the Australian media landscape. It discusses whether differences in media traditions between the countries, including an entrenched public broadcaster culture, could deliver different outcomes...

Report

7 Aug 2007

In 2005 and 2006 the Australian Government asked the Ombudsman to investigate 247 immigration detention cases. Eight published reports contain the results of those investigations. The purpose of this new report is to draw together ten lessons from the referred immigration reports that are relevant...

Article

7 Aug 2007

This research brief considers the American experience of ownership deregulation from 1996 to the beginning of 2007 and makes comparisons with the Australian media landscape. It discusses whether differences in media traditions between the countries, including an entrenched public broadcaster culture, could deliver different outcomes...

Article

3 Aug 2007

Take any educated crowd of adult Americans. Ask how many listen to public radio. Nearly all hands will go up. Then ask how many pay for it. All but about 10% of the hands will go down. Then ask how many would make the effort...

Article

3 Aug 2007

Idealware argues that it is critical for every organization to have a solid, professional-looking, reasonably up-to-date Web site and a reliable way to update it although not every organization requires complex software to manage their site. Six nonprofit technologists with extensive experience with small Web...

Article

3 Aug 2007

The world of online advocacy is becoming more complicated. People are using a wider variety of online communications channels - not just email, but also instant messaging, online social networks, and SMS text messages via cell phones. Anyone can create and post media content online,...

Report

3 Aug 2007

Relatively few countries possess all the factors necessary to support a thriving information technology sector, but the United States, Japan, South Korea and the United Kingdom provide the strongest environments for IT competitiveness, a new study concludes.

As reflected in the Economist Intelligence Unit's...

Report

3 Aug 2007

A survey has ranked Australia's IT infrastructure as amongst the best in the world, in stark contrast to a recent OECD study that labelled Australian broadband, a key component of IT infrastructure, as one of the slowest and most expensive systems in the world....

Report

3 Aug 2007

Relatively few countries possess all the factors necessary to support a thriving information technology sector, but the United States, Japan, South Korea and the United Kingdom provide the strongest environments for IT competitiveness, a new study concludes.

As reflected in the Economist Intelligence Unit's...

Report

3 Aug 2007

The Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, has released the OxIS Report 2007, the latest report in a series of Oxford Internet Surveys (OxIS) that cover the changing landscape of Internet access, use and attitudes in Britain. Some findings include:

- Internet users in...

Report

3 Aug 2007

The 2003 Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) study of Disability and Carers in the Australian population found that one-in-five Australians reported living with a disability - close to 4 million Australians. Over 6 per cent - 1.2 million Australians - reported a profound or severe...

Report

2 Aug 2007

This report is a contribution to public debate on policies for Australian society to adapt to unavoidable climate change with minimal social, environmental and economic costs.

Efforts to reduce and mitigate emissions of greenhouse gases through lifestyle changes, new technologies, and international negotiations remain...

Report

2 Aug 2007

How is Australia faring in the global challenge to make poverty history? This report, the fourth in a series of flagship publications from World Vision Australia, examines Australia's place in the world in relation to one of the greatest moral challenges of our time -...

Report

2 Aug 2007

There is now considerable evidence that many schools and teachers are suffering from problematic curriculum requirements and lack of clarity about what they are expected to achieve. This Charter is aimed at assisting with these issues by defining a core for the curriculum focussing on...

Report

2 Aug 2007

The performance of security forces in the Central Highlands region of Indonesia’s Papua province is an important barometer of the success of security sector reform efforts in the country more generally. Outside scrutiny is minimal and the security challenges are pronounced - pro-independence guerrillas have...

Report

2 Aug 2007

This review investigated the treatment of women in Queensland prisons on the basis of gender, race and disability, primarily in response to submissions received by the Commission from Sisters Inside (an advocacy group for women prisoners). The report makes several recommendations and suggests that some...

Report

2 Aug 2007

The growth of child-inclusive family law dispute resolution in Australia represents a response to empirical and clinical evidence about its efficacy in the treatment of post-separation parental conflict. At the level of social justice, the approach represents a strategic extension of the United Nations Convention...

Report

2 Aug 2007

This paper argues that the usual framework for evaluating health services may need modification in the context of a National Health Scheme (NHS). Some costs and benefits may need to be ignored or discounted, others included at face value, and some transfer payments included in...

Report

2 Aug 2007

The fifth in The Media Report's series of 'On the Record' interviews with significant players in the Australian media industry. This time around Kirstie Parker, editor of the Koori Mail, arguably Australia's only national Indigenous newspaper.

Report

1 Aug 2007

This report examines the experiences of twenty workers affected by changes to industrial law in Australia following the enactment of amendments to the federal Workplace Relations Act, 1996 in March 2006, commonly referred to as the WorkChoices amendments. The in depth interviews which form the...

Report

1 Aug 2007

The failure of school science to respond to the changing needs of students and the changing nature of science itself has created a crisis in Australian science education that shows no sign of abating according to a new review of research. Russell Tytler calls for...

Report

1 Aug 2007

In introducing the ‘WorkChoices’ reforms, the federal government argued that they would encourage increased wages, particularly through Australian Workplace Agreements (AWAs). Using unpublished data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Employee Earnings and Hours (EEH) Survey for May 2006 (released March 2007), this report...

Report

1 Aug 2007

An important strategy for preventing deliberate firesetting is intervention with young people who show an unhealthy interest in fire and fire services. All Australian jurisdictions conduct juvenile arson intervention programs for such young people. This report examines the models for programs and calls for their...

Report

1 Aug 2007

Community reintegration of ex-prisoners is an important issue in efforts to reduce recidivism. This study examined the multiple interactive variables influencing successful reintegration of ex-prisoners, with a specific focus on the role of emotional state in the reintegration process.

Report

1 Aug 2007

Can the Commonwealth take over our universities? The key point is not 'can', but 'when' argues Greg Craven in this address to the National Press Club for CHASS.

Report

1 Aug 2007

The failure of school science to respond to the changing needs of students and the changing nature of science itself has created a crisis in Australian science education that shows no sign of abating according to a new review of research. Russell Tytler calls for...