October 2007

Research report

1 Nov 2007

In recent years, Australia has enjoyed significant economic growth, with rates above the OECD average (OECD, 2007). Not all Australians however have shared in this increasing prosperity. There is no agreed definition of disadvantage and/or poverty in Australia, however poverty lines are used internationally to...

Research report

10 Aug 2006

Based on a number of interviews conducted with small and medium sized businesses located in the Darwin area, the report identified limited evidence of innovation with respect to the creation of new products and services, and only minimal engagement with government from those few businesses...

Research report

1 Nov 2007

Telecommunications networks can help reduce Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions by almost five per cent by 2015 and deliver up to $6.6 billion a year in cost savings for Australian businesses and households, according to a new report released today by Telstra. By using telecommunications networks...

Research report

1 Nov 2007

Telecommunications networks can help reduce Australia?s greenhouse gas emissions by almost five per cent by 2015 and deliver up to $6.6 billion a year in cost savings for Australian businesses and households, according to a new report released today by Telstra. By using telecommunications networks...

Commentary

Article

31 Oct 2007

In this APO Election Backgrounder SIMON MARGINSON assesses Australian education resourcing and outcomes against other OECD countries.

THE Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development has been publishing comparative international data on national education systems, from early childhood education to research degrees in universities,...

Research report

31 Oct 2007

Research Australia brought a panel of ten scientists together to profile Australian health and medical research into environmental health issues that are likely to emerge or worsen due to climate change.

This report covers emerging research in areas such as:

• The impact...

Research report

31 Oct 2007

Arising from 'The Public and the Arts' study by the Arts Council of Ireland in 2006, a series of commentators were commissioned to write about 'The Value of the Arts' from their own perspective.

Emer O'Kelly argues,

'The purpose of art is to...

Research report

30 Oct 2007

The Canada Council?s Strategic Plan 2008-11 sets out the values and directions that will guide the Council over the next three to five years. It is the result of what the Council believes to be the largest and most extensive consultation in its history.

Conference paper

31 Oct 2007

This paper, presented at IDEA 6 World Congress, Hong Kong, in July 2007, is about the investigation into the uses and impact of performance as a medium of learning in museums and at historic sites currently being undertaken by Centre for Applied Theatre Research at...

Research report

31 Oct 2007

Since 2003 the Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) and the Department for Education and Skills (DfES), now the Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF), have jointly sponsored a partnership between national and regional museums in England that is designed to increase and...

Transcript

31 Oct 2007

The Media Report takes a critical look at some interesting new online initiatives which promote user-interaction and were launched just in time for the current federal election campaign.

Research report

30 Oct 2007

Cellular telephony began operations as a commercial concern in 1977. The Internet became public in 1993. In between there have been a lot of important innovations at the consumer end of the market: CD-ROM, DVD, mp3, GPS, SMS, etc. and a very large number of...

Article

30 Oct 2007

Today video art is inescapable and as ubiquitous as the LCD screen. Galleries have gone into a video frenzy. Suddenly projectors are cheap, freight and shipping of artworks non-existent and you can fill an entire gallery with one piece and a bench. Galleries have it...

Journal article

30 Oct 2005

In this paper the authors explore the use and adaptation of a language specifically developed for, and by, a community of young people who play computer games. Leet speak or 1337 5p34k, the language used by the participants in this study, incorporates symbols and numbers...

Research report

29 Oct 2007

This final report aims to quantify the nature and extent of changes in the decade 1991-2001 within nonmetropolitan housing markets in Australia and, integral to achieving this first goal, to construct the first national non-metropolitan housing market database to hold empirical information on population, housing...

Research report

29 Oct 2007

In 2007, despite the strong economy and large budget surpluses many Australians are not enjoying a decent standard of living. Australia Fair held extensive consultations in every State and Territory in 2006 to identify what the public thinks are the 10 essentials to ensure a...

Research report

29 Oct 2007

Forget about releasing new state and commonwealth land. If we want to get serious about housing affordability, maybe it's time to re-think stamp duty, so that you pay it when you sell the house rather than when you buy it. Better still: why not stamp...

Audio

29 Oct 2007

We've heard a lot lately about the ill health and social difficulties of Aboriginal communities in some remote regions of the country and the government's response to them. What we haven't heard much about is how the environment in which Indigenous people live: the houses,...

Research report

29 Oct 2007

This report highlights the significant levels of under-resourcing of the Northern Territory Education system and the impacts that this has on the ability of Indigenous people to access high quality public education.

Education is the Key calculates as many as 7500 Indigenous children...

Briefing paper

29 Oct 2007

Around half of Australia's Indigenous children are not enrolled in preschool education. This briefing paper recommends that two years of free, high quality and culturally appropriate preschool education should be made a priority for all Indigenous children.

Research report

29 Oct 2007

The Climate Institute has commissioned leading risk analysts, Climate Risk, and energy statisticians, Energy Strategies, to assess the impact of the climate policies announced by each of the major parties. As a baseline against which to judge the impact of polices, The Climate Policy Analysis...

Research report

29 Oct 2007

This paper discusses the topic of children and young people's disclosures of abuse. It outlines what we know through research and practice about how, why, what and when children and young people are likely to disclose. It offers suggestions for responding to children and young...

Research report

29 Oct 2007

In 2004, the Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring reviewed the proposal indicators for monitoring asthma in Australia and published a set of recommended indicators. An accompanying data development plan was published in 2005. This report reviews the outcomes of the indicator review, the lessons learnt...

Research report

29 Oct 2007

This report considers data collected as part of the Commonwealth State/Territory disability Agreement National Minimum Data Set (CSTDA NMDS) between 1 July 2005 and 30 June 2006. It provides information relating to funded service outlets and users of these services, including support needs of users...

Research report

29 Oct 2007

East Timor today with a population of 950,000 is the world's newest democracy. This qualitative case study was conducted with a selected sample of primary and secondary school teachers in Baucau District of East Timor. The study aimed to assess teachers' perceptions about implementing school...

Research report

29 Oct 2007

Today's migration patterns have shifted in ways that bring new challenges to educators. New refugee arrivals in developed countries are an extremely diverse group. As a result, multiple approaches must be developed addressing the needs of diverse, multicultural and multilingual refugee and migrant populations. It...

Article

28 Oct 2007

That too much support goes to the high culture equivalent of 'covers bands', the state orchestras, opera and dance companies which re-work existing repertoire instead of creating and performing new work. Marcus Westbury is a former director of the Next Wave Festival and,...

Article

26 Oct 2007

?The Future of Computing: A Vision? was a senior women?s forum, organised by The e-Horizons Institute (University of Oxford) and Women@CL . This document is a digest of the themes related to future computing research that emerged from these two days of discussions, beginning with...

Research report

26 Oct 2007

Magellan is a case-management pathway in the Family Court of Australia for cases where serious allegations are raised about sexual or physical abuse of children in post-separation parenting matters. This report evaluates the Magellan case-management model. Magellan is a case-management pathway in the Family Court...

Research report

26 Oct 2007

Government-assisted or sponsored public housing represents a key component of affordable housing in Australia, yet at end of the 2005/06 financial year the total stock of public housing has again fallen well below that which applied in 2000/01. The erosion of the level of public...

Research report

26 Oct 2007

This report is based mainly on based on the Australian Election Study surveys, comprehensive post-election surveys of political opinion that have asked the same questions and used the same methodology. It shows that voters are less attracted by the symbols and methods of traditional politics,...

Research report

26 Oct 2007

Carolin Liss of Murdoch University writes that 'combating piracy is a difficult and complex task, requiring more than the patrolling of piracy-prone waters.' Liss argues that five factors 'are of particular importance in shaping piracy in Southeast Asia: over-fishing, lax maritime regulations, the existence of...

Research report

26 Oct 2007

The current mismatch between health system capability and population needs and the limited capacity to control health expenditure are major impediments to an efficient and sustainable health system. Incremental reform will not address these deep-seated problems - fundamental reform of health service planning, funding and...

Research report

26 Oct 2007

The Australian general election will be held on 24th November. International policy issues won't dominate the campaign but the next Australian government has to make important decisions about matters ranging from the global environment, through the future of the world trading system to the way...

Research report

26 Oct 2007

Indigenous mothers and their babies, Australia 2001-2004 provides information on births to Indigenous mothers in Australia from perinatal data collections for each state and territory. The report presents demographic, pregnancy and childbirth factors of Indigenous women who gave birth in 2001-2004. This report also includes...

Research report

26 Oct 2007

The number of HIV diagnoses has risen in the past 7 years, but not in New South Wales, which has long had the highest rates. The differences in rates between states/territories are likely to be due to divergent trends in sexual risk behaviour in men...

Research report

26 Oct 2007

This evaluation of four Australian school-based arts programs found that, although there was no evidence of improvement in academic progress, involvement in arts programs has a positive impact on students' engagement with learning and often leads to improved attendance at school.Participation in school-based arts education...

Research report

26 Oct 2007

Participation in school-based arts education programs can have a positive impact on students' engagement with learning, according to recent ACER research. However, there was little statistical evidence of improvement in academic progress as a result of participation in arts education. Jennifer Bryce reports on the...

Research report

25 Oct 2007

Seven designers participated in a recent Sydney Powerhouse workshop to learn and produce digital stories.

Digital storytelling merges the concepts of oral history and interview, using new media technologies to produce autobiographical mini-movies. They present a personal point of view through the collaboration...

Research report

25 Oct 2007

EURAB has established a Working Group to address the means for engagement and dialogue between societal actors and the research community. With public mistrust in certain research-based institutions on the rise, there is a growing concern to engage more at the societal level. While researchers...

Article

25 Oct 2007

Staff cuts are to be made at the BBC - one of the world's most influential broadcasters. The Media Report interviews the former Executive Producer of Panorama, Steve Hewlett, now a London-based media commentator and analyst.

Article

25 Oct 2007

What exactly is an emoticon? And what makes for good and bad email? According to Kristin Byron, from the Whitman School of Management at New York's Syracuse University, training staff in how to effectively use email is something that most companies and organisations simply overlook....

Article

25 Oct 2007

In some cases not-for-profit theatres and newspapers share values, challenges and 'audiences' which could lead to mutually beneficial partnerships. Understanding and valuing these can assist in building relationships that will give you increased power despite decreasing budgets.

Commentary

Article

24 Oct 2007

The extent to which journalists' careers are intertwined with political fortunes is rarely examined, writes RODNEY TIFFEN.

IF John Howard loses this election, which journalists might follow him into the sunset?

Although the topic rarely receives media attention, many media identities have...

Discussion paper

25 Oct 2007

The Australian government is inviting community feedback on how the government can utilise new internet technologies, such as blogs, to better consult with people. Responses can be submitted up to 1 December 2007.

Changes in the way people communicate online have provided opportunities to...

Journal article

25 Oct 2007

This article describes work at Monash University to rethink the role of repositories in supporting data management. It first describes the context within which the work has taken place and some of the local factors that have contributed to the inception and continuation of this...

Research report

25 Oct 2007

The former head of evaluation for the Australian Public Service Commission considers the tension between the public service’s role in providing ‘frank and fearless’ advice to government and its role in development and implementation of government policy.

Research report

25 Oct 2007

Facing a storm of criticism for the conduct of its officers in the Solomon Islands and East Timor in particular, the Australia Federal Police has been forced to significantly re-evaluate its approach to offshore policing over the past three years — not just on the...

Research report

25 Oct 2007

This report presents national statistics on serious injury due to land transport accidents that resulted in admission to hospital in Australia during the one-year period 2003-04. It focuses on road vehicle traffic crashes in particular, and examines variables such as mode of transport, gender, age...

Research report

25 Oct 2007

A healthy democracy makes sure that all members of the community have equal access to the political process. Australia is a democratic nation where governments are elected by popular vote. However, even though almost all Australians over 18 years old have the right – and...

Journal article

24 Oct 2007

This paper examines contemporary transformations in media markets in Malaysia and Singapore. In both countries, dominant models of ‘old’ media-government relations are being contested by the emergence of ‘new’ online and independent media. Our analysis is grounded in new institutional approaches towards the study of...

Journal article

24 Oct 2007

This article analyses Australian newspaper coverage of the Magill v Magill case, a landmark legal case in which a man sued his wife for 'paternity deceit.' Using results from a thematic analysis of newspaper reporting of the Magill v Magill case from 2002-06, it investigates...

Research report

25 Oct 2007

This paper argues that Information and Communications Technology enabled development needs to be conceptualised within a dialectic process of globalisation where, on the one hand, the flow of capital, commodities and information are expanding and accelerating while, on the other, nation states are essential components...

Research report

25 Oct 2007

Assessment has been the focus of the Theatre Communications Group?s Education Program for the past several years, as we came to learn that TCG member theatres have increasingly been asked by schools and funders to provide some form of proof of student learning and that...

Commentary

Article

24 Oct 2007

Not only is a community at risk, but there are national interest reasons to worry about the future of the Cocos Islands, writes DAVID CORLETT.

GHOST CRABS scamper sideways along the beach wearing their pale green armour and orange goggles and boots. They...

Research report

24 Oct 2007

The Urban 45 initiative crosses 15 themes with 3 proposals each (hence the '45' of the title) for public intervention in each area, to ensure that our nation’s cities are given a central place in efforts to ensure prosperity for all and to revitalise our...

Research report

24 Oct 2007

In the wake of the High Court’s decision on prisoner enfranchisement, Graeme Orr describes the issue of prisoner disenfranchisement as a continuing ‘political football’ in this new paper.

Research report

24 Oct 2007

The main aims of this study were to identify the nature of the difficulties currently experienced by Victorian women workers before, during and after taking maternity leave; and to identify whether, and the extent to which, the WorkChoices changes have exacerbated or might exacerbate these...

Research report

24 Oct 2007

There is increasing worldwide recognition of the need for government policies to address the recent increases in the incidence and prevalence of childhood obesity. The complexity and inter-relatedness of the determinants of obesity pose a genuine policy challenge, both scientifically and politically. This study examines...

Research report

24 Oct 2007

In this paper I argue that the criticism of tax competition is overblown. The whole notion of 'harmful' tax competition itself is ill-defined. The OECD began its campaign against tax competition on the basis of assumed harm and has failed to demonstrate any such harm...

Research report

24 Oct 2007

Jennifer Buckingham argues that there is insufficient evidence to believe that, in general, even high-quality formal child care in the early years is either beneficial or harmful to children in the long term.

Executive summary

• Numerous reports on child care...

Research report

23 Oct 2007

The Australian Alcohol Guidelines: health risks and benefits, issued by the NHMRC in 2001, are currently under review by the NHMRC in collaboration with the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing. The draft revised Australian alcohol guidelines for low-risk drinking are now available for...

Research report

23 Oct 2007

The paper discusses the implications of climate change on Australia's agricultural sector. It outlines the global and national context for action. The paper identifies a number of issues flowing from climate change that could become either opportunities or risks for rural Australia, depending on how...

Research report

23 Oct 2007

Toni Bauman writes that responses to the Commonwealth Government's national emergency approach to Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory have emphasised the need for 'consultation' yet it might not be 'consultation' that is actually required, at least in the way it has been practised, as...

Article

23 Oct 2007

Kyllie Cripps writes about the debate following the Little Children are Sacred report and provides a critical analysis of the recommendations contained in previous state and federal reports and their ongoing implementation. The paper highlights Indigenous community initiatives addressing violence. Kyllie Cripps writes about the...

Research report

23 Oct 2007

Paula Morreau writes about Palm Island and police culture suggesting that improvements to police culture will be slow unless contextualised. Morreau argues that the deconstruction of the complex dynamic between state institutions and Indigenous peoples should not be left to the discretion of ill-equipped police...

Transcript

22 Oct 2007

Coping with change will require flexibility from both the media and regulators and that change will only continue to accelerate, argues the ACCC chair. But the legacy of that change is that technology and the growing swell of community input is placing the future of...

Article

23 Oct 2007

This bulletin examines the role of information technology, citizen journalists, and bloggers in Burma and presents a technical analysis of the abrupt shutdown of Internet connectivity by the Burmese government on September 29, 2007, following its violent crackdown on protesters there. Completely cutting international Internet...

Research report

22 Oct 2007

This paper combines literature and research with the experiences of staff at the Stepfamily Association of Victoria (SAVI) in delivering counselling, support and education to stepfamilies over the past 25 years. The paper discusses problems in defining and quantifying the number of stepfamilies, the complexities...

Research report

22 Oct 2007

Whether a person is a ‘member of a couple’ can be an important factor in determining both their qualification for a social security payment and the rate of that payment. Based on the difficulty decision makers appeared to be experiencing in applying this aspect of...

Research report

22 Oct 2007

This paper contains 42 proposals aimed at addressing lengthy and costly disputes over client legal privilege in federal investigations.

Research report

22 Oct 2007

This quarterly publication presents analysis of contemporary trade issues and consolidates trade-related statistics produced by various Australian government agencies and international organisations into a single publication. Trade Topics provides readers with a single reference document to use in analysing aspects of trends in Australia’s trade...

Research report

22 Oct 2007

This report is an update of an earlier OECD Health Working Paper, and reports on the results of a second round of data collection from 32 countries. It reports on the results of that second round of data collection. Data is presented here on an...

Research report

22 Oct 2007

Universities could play a stronger role in the economic, cultural and social development of their regions, according to this report, which argues that regional engagement by universities is beneficial both to local development and the institutions themselves.

Among the conclusions of the study...

Briefing paper

22 Oct 2007

This policy brief assesses the advantages and disadvantages of indirect taxes over direct taxes. The appropriate choice for individual countries depends on circumstances, but particularly on views about the relative importance of growth and inequality as well as the ability to offset the effects of...

Research report

22 Oct 2007

Universities could play a stronger role in the economic, cultural and social development of their regions, according to this report, which argues that regional engagement by universities is beneficial both to local development and the institutions themselves.

Among the conclusions of the study...

Report

20 Oct 2007

Commissioned by the ACT Council of Social Service, this report provides up-to-date data on the characteristics of low-income households in the ACT.

Commentary

Article

19 Oct 2007

The Coalition's tax cuts will entrench private affluence and deepen public squalor, argues GEOFFREY BARKER.

IT didn’t take him long. John Howard opened his 2007 federal election campaign with the reliable old fistful of dollars gambit that worked so well for him and...

Research report

19 Oct 2007

The Adelaide Declaration on National Goals for Schooling in the Twenty-First Century provides a framework for national collaboration to meet the educational challenges of our times. This new National Education and the Arts Statement aims to build on that framework to foster a culture of...

Article

19 Oct 2007

The release of new geographic domain names will give businesses an opportunity to register domains that reflect a geographic connection to their business. Jesse Gleeson and Jeremy Collins report.

Article

19 Oct 2007

The Australian Communications and Media Authority is proposing to change the way it rolls out new prefixes for telephone numbers in geographic areas. There are 38 areas that may require additional numbers in the next ten years.The Australian Communications and Media Authority is proposing to...

Research report

19 Oct 2007

The proliferation of media in children's lives has created a new 'marketing ecosystem' that encompasses cell phones, mobile music devices, instant messaging, videogames, and virtual, three-dimensional worlds. These new marketing practices are fundamentally transforming how food and beverage companies do business with young people in...

Article

19 Oct 2007

The battleground for social justice in the US is vast: living wage in Miami, affordable housing in Portland, smoke free restaurants in New York, health care for the uninsured in Denver, fighting hunger in Los Angeles, safe streets in Oakland, gay marriage in Boston. Each...

Research report

18 Oct 2007

With the recent proliferation of international, regional and bilateral treaties associated with copyright protection, the Three-step Test has been hailed as the panacea for measuring the legality of all limitations on copyright. I will challenge the legitimacy of the Three-step Test as a one-size-fits-all standard...

Article

19 Oct 2007

A ubiquitous digital environment will readily connect the majority of the public to interactive networks, via PC, TV, and phone. An investment in time and resources now can bring long-term public interest benefits, including the emergence of new and economically sustainable, independent sources of local...

Research report

19 Oct 2007

In 2006, consideration of UK broadcasting policy focused on the BBC and, in particular, on four issues: governance, accountability, pluralism and the definition of public service broadcasting. The extensive and intensive debate about these institutions and issues was shaped both by technological change, affecting the...

Research report

19 Oct 2007

The report investigates the cultural and practical barriers to carrying out robust research. The researchers studied projects run by five arts organisations that regularly work with offenders (Clean Break, Dance United, Connections, Rideout and TiPP). To evaluate any changes in behaviour brought about by arts...

Research report

18 Oct 2007

Many Aboriginal communities have welcomed the Australian Government’s ban on the import of kava, as part of the Northern Territory "emergency intervention". Kava is a ceremonial drink from the Pacific Islands that was introduced into North East Arnhem Land in the 1980s as an alternative...

Research report

18 Oct 2007

This report examines whether television news and current affairs coverage of overweight and obesity frames obesity in ways that support or oppose efforts to combat obesity.

It considers dominant discourses about causes of overweight and obesity; proposed solutions and location of responsibility for...

Research report

18 Oct 2007

Use of handheld mobile phones ('mobiles') can impair driving performance, as measured by reaction time and situational awareness, and mobile use is associated with a fourfold increase in crash risk. The current ban on handheld mobile use by drivers in Victoria dates from 1999. In...

Research report

18 Oct 2007

The 2007 E-learning Benchmarking Project has conducted the third annual national surveys of the uptake and use of e-learning by vocational education and training (VET) providers, VET teachers and trainers, VET students, and employers with employees undertaking accredited training.

The surveys ran in July...

Research report

24 Nov 2006

This report sheds light on what existing strategies and programs have been adopted by 17 national sporting organisations, federal and state governments, various non-government sporting agencies and human rights institutions to combat racism within sport. The report also looks at what steps have been taken...

Research report

18 Oct 2007

This preliminary report, commissioned by the Agricultural Alliance on Climate Change, aims to help identify the potential, problems, and priorities for rural businesses and communities in contributing to Australian action on climate change. It focuses on the prospects for rural Australians becoming valued service providers...

Research report

18 Oct 2007

Sexual assault has among the highest rates of acquittal and lowest rates of proven guilt compared with other offences. Given that more than 70 percent of sexual assault incidents are not reported to police and only about one in 10 reported incidents results in a...

Research report

18 Oct 2007

What policy makers would like to measure is often not the same as researchers are able to measure, given the limitations on appropriate data and available information. This is driven primarily by a lack of clarity about an appropriate definition of recidivism and clear articulation...

Research report

18 Oct 2007

This report presents data on success rates based on live delivery and how they vary by treatment type, women's age and number of embryos transferred. Also included is information on birth outcomes such as multiple birth, gestational age, birthweight, and perinatal mortality.

Research report

18 Oct 2007

This report includes national data collected by the AIHW on Indigenous community housing and state-owned and managed Indigenous housing. Detailed information is presented on a range of Indigenous housing indicators including overcrowding, dwelling condition, affordability, connection to services and recurrent and capital expenditure. Indigenous housing...

Research report

18 Oct 2007

The Indigenous estates makes up 20 per cent of the Australian land mass, covering vast areas of relatively intact land containing some of the highest conservation priority lands in Australia. Using a number of maps, the authors explore the geography of the Indigenous estate, its...

Research report

18 Oct 2007

Stepfamilies in Australia are beginning to be recognised as a unique and important contemporary family form. This paper combines literature and research with the experiences of staff at the Stepfamily Association of Victoria (SAVI) in delivering counselling, support and education to stepfamilies over the past...

Commentary

Article

18 Oct 2007

ANTHONY FORSYTH assesses Ireland’s social partnership.

WITH the federal election campaign finally under way, industrial relations is one of the main issues that separate the major parties. Over the next six weeks, we’re likely to see them hurl claim and counter-claim at each...

Research report

18 Oct 2007

Distributed innovation systems are an approach to organizing for innovation that seems to meet the challenge of accessing knowledge that resides outside the boundaries of any one organization. The authors provide an overview of distributed innovation systems that are achieving success in three different industries....

Research report

18 Oct 2007

Use of handheld mobile phones ('mobiles') can impair driving performance, as measured by reaction time and situational awareness, and mobile use is associated with a fourfold increase in crash risk. The current ban on handheld mobile use by drivers in Victoria dates from 1999. In...

Report

17 Oct 2007

This is the report of the review into the re-listing of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, Lashkar-e-Tayibba and the Hamas' Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades as terrorist organisations under the Criminal Code Act 1995. The committee does not recommend the disallowance of the regulations.

Research report

16 Oct 2007

The first surveyed the views of principals; the second examined the relative levels of funding of primary and secondary schools from the nineteenth century to the present; and the third presented intensive case studies of the level and use of resources in 30 primary schools....

Research report

16 Oct 2007

In July 2007 the Roads and Traffic Authority in New South Wales released its discussion paper, Licensing of older drivers, in relation to which submissions were invited from the community over the next three months. The main purpose of this paper is to assist the...

Research report

16 Oct 2007

In Australia, the federal government is attempting to strengthen families at a time when women and men have greater choice in terms of how they conduct their personal relationships. This paper for the 2007 Australasian Political Science Association conference compares the ‘soft’ social policies that...

Research report

16 Oct 2007

In this paper for the 2007 Australasian Political Science Association conference Hayley Stevenson describes how Australia’s foreign policy-makers have re-framed the issue of climate change to evade the immense challenge posed by the original norms of climate governance to Australia’s foreign policy traditions. The diversion...

Research report

16 Oct 2007

Has the Howard government simply continued Asian engagement along the broad lines laid down by Australian governments since the 1970s? Have there been particular areas of engagement where public opinion has been important as a consideration for the government? In such cases how has public...

Conference paper

16 Oct 2007

Australia is at the forefront of professional and independent electoral administration, especially when assessed in international comparative studies. However, while there is often debate about the levels of fairness provided by the various electoral systems in use throughout Australia, less scrutiny has been applied to...

Commentary

Article

16 Oct 2007

In this APO Election Backgrounder RODNEY TIFFEN looks at federal election results since the second world war and the potential pitfalls of interpreting opinion polls.

IN THE lead up to this election, the always intense interest in the polls is, if anything, more...

Commentary

Article

16 Oct 2007

IN HIS 1960s classic, The Lucky Country , Donald Horne characterised Robert Menzies, then at the fag end of his record-breaking post-war incumbency, as a prime minister becalmed - the tide of events was running away from him. Horne’s Menzies was a foreigner in his...

Commentary

Article

15 Oct 2007

A new memorial is a reminder of the potential costs of harsh policies towards refugees, writes J. OLAF KLEIST.

KEVIN Andrews’ discrimination against African refugees for apparently not integrating into Australian society is reminiscent of the rhetoric and actions against boat people during...

Research report

15 Oct 2007

The single most important reform the next Australian government should make in the media policy field is to make ?freedom of expression? and ?the provision of resources for informed citizenship? the centre piece of Australian media/communications policy. The best means of doing so would be...

Research report

15 Oct 2007

This article examines the geography of household socio-economic vulnerability to rising fuel and mortgage interest rates in Brisbane, Melbourne Sydney, Adelaide and Perth to assess the potential influence these patterns may exert on the forthcoming Australian federal election. We find that transport and housing costs...

Research report

15 Oct 2007

Two key proposals for improving the supply of affordable rental housing - a National Affordable Housing Agreement and a National Affordable Rental Incentive - are the principal focus of this paper. Two key proposals for improving the supply of affordable rental housing - a National...

Research report

15 Oct 2007

The single most important reform the next Australian government should make in the media policy field is to make ‘freedom of expression’ and ‘the provision of resources for informed citizenship’ the centre piece of Australian media/communications policy. The best means of doing so would be...

Research report

10 Oct 2007

This paper provides an analysis by Commonwealth electoral division of socio-demographic data from the first release of the 2006 Census of Population and Housing. The electoral boundaries used in this paper are those applicable to the next federal election.

Research report

11 Oct 2007

Today, arts advocates are more likely to appeal to the arts’ economic contributions to cultural tourism, or else couch civic prestige and aesthetic attainment in terms of the arts’ ability to attract capital and a creative and talented workforce to a city or region. Advocates...

Research report

11 Oct 2007

This paper investigates the relationship between inequality and intergenerational mobility, comparing fathers' estimated earnings with the earnings of their sons.

The authors find that sons who grew up in countries that were more unequal in the 1970s were less likely to have experienced social...

Research report

11 Oct 2007

The paper represents a first attempt to apply Bourdieu?s theory of linguistic markets to the practice of intercultural communication within multilingual organisations. The background to the discussion is the extensive internationalisation of business and higher education, which over the past ten years has established English...

Research report

11 Oct 2007

The Japanese virtual idol, a computer-generated media celebrity, is a product of an historical moment in which structures of data have seemingly supplanted physical materiality. The attempt to create a media personality entirely from digital code highlights both a long-standing obsession with simulating the life...

Guide

11 Oct 2007

These days, most event participants expect to be able to register online for events. Luckily, there are lots of tools that can help with that, from simple to sophisticated to multi-functional. Idealware asked 11 nonprofit technology professionals what online registration tools have worked for them....

Video

11 Oct 2007

Artist Jeremy Sutton, known for his lively and colourful portraits that capture the essence of his subjects, creates two portraits of Ted Nelson in a live portrait drawing session using first traditional media (crayon / pastel / gouache) and then painting with digital media (Macintosh...

Article

11 Oct 2007

This research report seeks to connect the future of the Internet to a new, even though relatively developed, technology; that of computer speech and language and its embodiment in a concept the author calls an Artificial Companion. He argues here that such entities are coming...

Research report

11 Oct 2007

Just half of American adults with chronic conditions use the internet; but once online, they are avid consumers of health information. Just half of American adults with chronic conditions use the internet; but once online, they are avid consumers of health information.

About...

Research report

11 Oct 2007

One in three online teens in the US have experienced online harassment. Girls are more likely to be victims but most teens say that they are more likely to be bullied offline than online.

About one third (32%) of all teenagers who use...

Research report

10 Oct 2007

This report describes Australian students’ access to and use of computers, raising serious equity issues in the process. It uses results from the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2003 to examine how extensive access to ICT is in schools, homes and other places,...

Research report

10 Aug 2007

This report examines how universities currently develop and teach undergraduate students employability skills, and how graduate employability skills might be assessed and reported on in the future. The report presents recommendations based on an integrated approach that emphasises improved processes for identifying, developing, assessing and...

Research report

10 Oct 2007

The roles and responsibilities of different levels of government in Australia are becoming increasingly unclear. This lack of clarity has allowed ad hoc arrangements to emerge, and encourages sub-optimal policy in vital areas including human services and infrastructure development. Ambiguity makes lines of accountability unclear,...

Research report

10 Oct 2007

The most valuable initiative that any Australian government could take in the present industrial relations climate would be the establishment of a properly funded and staffed Worker Advocacy Service to assist ordinary working Australians in negotiating their working arrangements and handling workplace disputes.

...

Research report

10 Oct 2007

Australia's current water shortages reflect policy mistakes going back many decades, argues John Quiggin. It will take at least a decade to resolve the resulting problems. A policy of delayed repurchase of water rights could form part of a cost-effective solution.

Research report

10 Oct 2007

The behaviour of aggregate Australian private business investment has attracted relatively little attention in the literature over the past decade or so, probably reflecting the well-known difficulties associated with modelling it. This paper reviews the main drivers of Australian business investment through a discussion of...

Research report

3 Oct 2007

The Australian Crime Commission (the ACC) (formerly the National Crime Authority but with enhanced intelligence functions) commenced operations on 1 January 2003. According to the latest Annual Report, the aim of the ACC is to 'reduce the incidence and impact of serious and organised criminal...

Research report

10 Oct 2007

As part of the consultation process for the design of Australia’s emissions trading scheme, the department has released this discussion paper for public comment. The paper addresses incentives for firms to pursue abatement in the period leading up to the commencement of emissions trading.

Research report

10 Oct 2007

On many issues, Queenslanders beg to differ. The fluoridation of water supplies is one such issue. In this piece, Harry Akers explores aspects of the history and politics of the fluoridation debate to get to the bottom of this instance of Queensland exceptionalism.

Research report

10 Oct 2007

The fertility rate in Australia, like almost all OECD countries, is below the level required for population replacement.

This paper provides an overview of trends in fertility in Australia and the potential implications of these trends. The fertility rate in Australia, like almost all...

Research report

10 Oct 2007

This report provides information for the analysis of family formation in Australia. This electronic product presents at the national and state level, registered marriages by age, previous martial status, country of birth of bridesgroom and bride, category of celebrant and cohabitation prior to marriage. Crude...

Article

10 Oct 2007

The UK-based Financial Times has joined the New York Times in announcing it was moving away from its subscription-based approach towards a largely free internet service. In Australia, the only major newspaper online that operates as a pay-to-view service is the Financial Review , owned...

Research report

9 Oct 2007

The R&D Tax Concession is an entitlement program that assists and encourages industry research and development expenditure by Australian companies. It is Australia’s principal R&D subsidy program and in 2004-05 it assisted 5,830 firms which expended $7,786m on R&D.

This report is believed to...

Research report

9 Oct 2007

Nanotechnology has the potential to transform the way we live and work. It is an enabling technology that will drive significant medical, environmental, social, economic and technological developments.

In March and April 2007, Sydney based company Market Attitude Research Services (MARS) undertook a telephone...

Research report

9 Oct 2007

As part of the Lowy Institute's new 'Perspectives on Africa' website, Australian diplomat Philip Green reflects on Africa's changing prospects: rather than seeing Africa as a continent of war, famine and plague Green identifies a number of positive trends in Africa's development.

Research report

9 Oct 2007

This report provides a statistical analysis of the factors that contribute to financial stress. The key research question analysed is whether high housing costs contribute to financial stress. The report uses data collected by Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) for the 2003-04 Household Expenditure Survey...

Journal article

9 Oct 2007

Survey and interview-based findings from the Consumer Study of the Australian Genetic Discrimination Project (GDP) are reported. These involve perceptions and experiences of clinical genetics clients regarding coercion to undertake genetic testing and insurance and employment-related issues. Genetic discrimination is defined as the differential treatment...

Research report

9 Oct 2007

Congenital anomalies are a significant health concern in Australia, and remain a major reason for hospitalisation in infancy and childhood. Congenital anomalies are also a leading cause of infant mortality in Australia.

This report compiles the available data from states and territories to...

Research report

9 Oct 2007

This report provides a general framework for analysing the region's security environment before considering the present political and security situation in Iraq that has arisen in the wake of the 2003 invasion. It provides the context for identifying the impact of the war on wider...

Commentary

Article

9 Oct 2007

Supporting cultural diversity has social and economic benefits, writes JIEH-YUNG LO.

THE recent presentation by Kevin Rudd to Chinese President Hu Jintao showcased the importance of being bilingual. Yet the children of migrants face many challenges in negotiating between cultural identities as they...

Research report

9 Oct 2007

Ever since the UK Department for Culture, Media and Sport's Creative Industries Taskforce formulated the concept of the creative industries in 1998, creativity in general, and the industries in particular, have generated significant interest in academia, business, the media and in policymaking. This paper explores...

Journal article

9 Oct 2007

This research was inspired by two stereotypes: first, that older adults don’t do computers – and certainly not the Internet and, secondly, that older adults don’t do sex – they are asexual. The results clearly show these stereotypes to be flawed. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were...

Research report

8 Oct 2007

In 1991, the Australian Commonwealth Parliament unanimously passed the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation Act 1991. This Act implemented a ten-year process that aimed to reconcile Indigenous and non-Indigenous people by the end of 2000. One of the main goals of the reconciliation process was to...

Conference paper

8 Oct 2007

Democratic theory is usually predicated on the requirement that citizens be adequately ‘informed’ to be able to fully exercise their rights and responsibilities. Research into political communication and government communication speaks directly to how citizens become ‘informed’ or otherwise. More sanguine assessments of the capacity...

Commentary

Article

8 Oct 2007

Like most Western countries, Australia removes, or ‘deports’, asylum seekers whose applications for refugee protection are refused. This is the logical outcome of a fair and reliable refugee assessment system, an outcome that maintains the integrity and strength of refugee protection and limits potential abuse...

Research report

1 Apr 2007

This paper reviews anti-gang intervention strategies and the limits and possibilities for positive action in regard to gang formation and activities.

The first part of the paper provides a general overview of intervention strategies. For example, a distinction is drawn between coercive and developmental...

Research report

7 Oct 2007

As Australians prepare to vote in 2007, they face important choices over the future fairness of their country. Australia’s headline figures of economic growth and low official unemployment stand in stark contrast to the daily reality of two million Australians who live in poverty. Despite...

Research report

6 Oct 2007

An independent nationwide survey of Solomon Islanders has revealed overwhelming support for the regional assistance mission, RAMSI, and its presence in the country.

The survey was carried out by the Australian National University, with over 5,000 Solomon Islanders taking part.An independent nationwide survey of...

Book

6 Oct 2007

In this monograph, Anne Tiernan and Jennifer Menzies capably chart the often hazardous terrain of the 'caretaker period' that ensues from the time an election is called until a new government is formed. This is a landscape fraught with political and administrative dangers - particularly...

Research report

6 Oct 2007

This report presents the findings of the United States Studies Centre's major survey of Australians about the United States. The survey canvassed the views on defence, foreign, economic and trade issues, including: the US as a security partner; the image of the US and that...

Research report

6 Oct 2007

This report examines expenditure on health goods and services in Australia for 1995-96 to 2005-06, presenting expenditure estimates: as a proportion of gross domestic product (GDP); on a per person basis; by state and territory; by comparison with selected OECD and Asia-Pacific countries; and by...

Commentary

Article

5 Oct 2007

The immigration minister’s comments about African refugees have compromised Australia’s well-regarded refugee resettlement program, writes PETER BROWNE.

EXPLAINING the cuts in Australia’s quota of African refugees to journalists in Melbourne last Monday, immigration minister Kevin Andrews observed that “some groups don’t seem to...

Research report

4 Oct 2007

Getting the long-term jobless into mainstream employment is a major challenge for Australian governments, especially in areas of concentrated disadvantage. The Brotherhood’s approach, also used effectively overseas, is to use an 'intermediate labour market' (ILM) as a bridge between long-term unemployment and the mainstream labour...

Research report

4 Oct 2007

The library and information profession has much to learn to meet the information needs of Indigenous people and appropriately manage Indigenous knowledge within their organisations.

The Indigenous perspective can well understand the profession’s desire to have clear prescriptions for practice and practical assistance. However,...

Research report

7 Oct 1999

This report contains findings and recommendations presented to the Board of Commissioners of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission and discusses the nature of Indigenous cultural and intellectual property and the aspects of it that Indigenous people feel should be protected. It also examines...

Research report

4 Oct 2007

This report, developed by CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology through the Australian Climate Change Science Program, provides the most up to date assessment of Australia's changing climate. Climate Change in Australia provides: information on observed climate change over Australia and the likely causes; projections...

Commentary

Article

3 Oct 2007

Does Kevin Rudd's more nuanced approach to the US alliance help explain Labor's lead in the polls? GEOFFREY BARKER looks at the evidence from two new surveys.

TWO highly reputable opinion polls have revealed deep and increasing Australian unease over the Howard government’s...

Article

4 Oct 2007

Pricing, once barely researched or mentioned in the arts, is increasingly recognised as a critical marketing and financial tool. In terms of maximising revenue, the growing adoption and adaptation of yield management techniques suggest that a new, more dynamic approach to pricing is emerging....

Research report

4 Oct 2007

Arts Council England is currently exploring the Chinese publishing sector and its existing export links, particularly in relation to the UK and to supporting cultural exchange via literary translation, through their Grants for the arts programme.

As part of this work, the Arts...

Research report

4 Oct 2007

This research captures a snapshot of current youth circus activity and provision and makes recommendations to support the development and co-ordination of Youth Circus in the UK and its relationship to the Young People's Participatory Theatre project aims and objectives. It provides a focused study...

Article

4 Oct 2007

Google is a dubious guardian of the public interest in communication, argues Jeffrey Chester. He points to Google?s rapid acquisition of other media and communications companies, and its core strategy of developing data-mining into an art that serves advertisers. He asks, ?With the Internet and...

Article

4 Oct 2007

Aduki Independent Press has today announced the publication of a new book - Stick this in your memory hole by Tristan Clark. This collection of 37 essays uses satire, insight and the occasional foul language to critique the state of politics and society in contemporary...

Research report

4 Oct 2007

The Asian population is the fastest growing segment of New Zealand?s total population, with most of this growth happening in Auckland. Recognising the significance of this trend, this research aims to gain insights into people?s cultural heritage and experiences, and how these influence their engagement...

Article

4 Oct 2007

In May 2007 John Brotman, Ontario Arts Council Executive Director, delivered a paper on 'Community Arts in Rural Settings' as part of the Canadian Cultural Observatory?s 'In Focus Speaker Series' on Rural Arts. Brotman's premise, upon which he elaborates with many inspiring examples, is that...

Research report

4 Oct 2007

If artists in medical settings can reduce the use of sedating medications, is it then impossible to believe that expenditures in the arts may mean a savings in healthcare?

This report, based on a presentation by Susan Pointe, art advisor for the Friends...

Article

4 Oct 2007

Can anyone create a clever, humorous, topical, or insightful piece of marketing, and then launch it to rapturous applause and seemingly hysterical viral distribution at any time? The answer is 'perhaps', provided some fundamentals are adhered to.

Article

4 Oct 2007

Designer and self-confessed ?teatowelologist?, Abi Crompton, emerging photographer, Eddie Major and community artist, Dianne Turner come from very different forms of arts practice but all have experimented with innovative, low budget strategies for spreading the word about their work. They share the highs and lows...

Research report

4 Oct 2007

In addition to their public-facing external Web sites, many organizations also have secure Web sites that only their staff members can access. These internal sites, called intranets, are widespread in the business world and increasingly common among nonprofits. What are NPOs doing within these private...

Article

4 Oct 2007

Howard Rheingold is a long time observer and commentator on the social dimension of the internet and mobile technology. He is credited with coining the term 'virtual community' and was one of the original members of one of the oldest online communities called 'The Well'....

Research report

4 Oct 2007

This study focuses on users of digital cultural heritage. Since the internet has become a frequently used source of information, heritage institutions have been digitising their collections in order to make them available to a large audience. For nearly ten years, heritage organizations, policy makers,...

Article

4 Oct 2007

While Australian TV networks are only just discovering online opportunities, in the United States the major networks are embracing online programme delivery. And it's particularly evident with the beginning of the 'fall' TV season.

Research report

4 Oct 2007

The library and information profession has much to learn to meet the information needs of Indigenous people and appropriately manage Indigenous knowledge within their organisations.

The Indigenous perspective can well understand the profession's desire to have clear prescriptions for practice and practical assistance. However,...

Research report

3 Oct 2007

For nearly two decades calls have been made to expand the role of midwives within maternity services in Australia. Although some progress has been made, it has been slow and, at system-wide level, limited. There are many barriers that prevent the expansion of midwifery-led services...

Research report

3 Oct 2007

This update from the recently-released Census data highlights the fact that the future marital status patterns of today’s young people may well differ from the current marital status patterns of older people. Partnership formation trends are continuing in the same direction as that which was...

Research report

3 Oct 2007

The ACT Department of Justice and Community Safety commissioned the Australian Institute of Criminology to undertake research in relation to sexual assault and related offences in the ACT. The objectives of this three-stage project were to: examine the feasibility of an integrated justice information system...

Research report

3 Oct 2007

This report covers the ability of the ADF to maintain air superiority in our region to 2020. It includes: capability planning in relation to the acquisition of the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF); any capability gap which may arise from a delay in its purchase; a...

Research report

3 Oct 2007

This report provides relative survival data up to nine years after diagnosis for women diagnosed in Australia with breast cancer in 1997. There are breakdowns of survival proportions by size of cancer, nodal status, geographic region and socio-economic status.

Discussion paper

3 Oct 2007

International experience in Western Europe and North America demonstrates that the urban planning system can be a very important tool in retaining and increasing affordable housing supply. In many North American and European cities and regions, planning mechanisms are being used to protect the supply...

Research report

3 Oct 2007

This report provides an overview of the major findings that have emerged out of the third AHURI-funded National Research Venture (NRV3), Housing affordability for lower income Australians. It identifies the major risks and challenges in relation to Australia's housing problem in the 21st century, as...

Research report

3 Oct 2007

There is evidence that the civil unrest in Honiara was orchestrated and planned. The Commission’s investigation is not at this stage sufficiently convinced it is in a position in which it is proper to name those individuals, political groups and organisations that were responsible for...

Commentary

Article

3 Oct 2007

Lower interest rates and a reduced capital gains tax combined to create the present affordability crisis, writes SAUL ESLAKE, and the solutions aren’t straightforward.

THERE’S no doubt that housing affordability has deteriorated substantially over the past decade or so. Indeed as conventionally measured...

Research report

2 Oct 2007

This report study explains what factors encourage young people to pursue an apprenticeship. Information from students and courses indicates that the key drivers of apprenticeship uptake are intrinsic interest and academic ability. School students with higher academic ability are less interested in apprenticeships. In contrast,...

Research report

2 Oct 2007

What are the ideational, strategic, and political foundations of current Australian policy towards China? Although the strategic and security implication of a rising China in the region is frequently seen as a modern issue, the challenge of how to deal with a ‘China growing strong’...

Research report

2 Oct 2007

There is no longer any doubt that rising concentrations of greenhouse gases are leading to dangerous change in the global climate. In Australia, public and political opinion finally shifted in late 2006, with record droughts and an early start to the bushfire season. The Stern...

Research report

2 Oct 2007

Summary: The phrase 'carbon offset' describes the process whereby individuals, businesses or governments purchase 'credits' generated from projects that claim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The idea is that the removal of greenhouse gases counterbalances emissions from other sources.

Consumers are being...

Research report

2 Oct 2007

Worldwide concerns over the extent of money laundering, coupled with evidence that major terrorist activities have been facilitated by money laundering techniques, have significantly increased the level of knowledge and interest in the subject. Understanding money laundering demands analysis of the size of the problem...

Research report

2 Oct 2007

This report provides an overview of results from the first survey, which gathered data on working conditions in March 2006 (before the implementation of the WorkChoices legislation) and 2007. This is a five year study of 8343 participants in the Australian labour market, assessing the...

Research report

2 Oct 2007

This report is prepared annually to provide Congress with official, unclassified, quantitative data on conventional arms transfers to developing nations by the United States and foreign countries for the preceding eight calendar years for use in its policy oversight functions. All agreement and delivery data...

Research report

2 Oct 2007

In this statement to the 58th session of the executive committee of the High Commissioner's Programme, António Guterres calls for a concerted international effort to better understand and deal with the causes, scale and complexity of global displacement and migration. While emphasising that UNHCR is...

Commentary

Article

2 Oct 2007

A new study shows that Work Choices enables employers to "restructure" as a ruse to cut labour costs, writes ANTHONY FORSYTH.

NEW research undertaken for the Victorian government confirms that Work Choices has significantly reduced the legal protections of job security for Australian...

Commentary

Article

2 Oct 2007

Four key concerns must be addressed to protect the integrity of the service, according to JAMES WALTER and PAUL STRANGIO.

THE Australian Public Service has a proud record. In the mid-1980s A.F. Davies observed an organisation engaged in “steady, cautious and constant experimentation...

Research report

1 Oct 2007

This report concludes that the new 'genuine operational reasons' exclusion, and other aspects of the regulation of economic dismissals introduced by the Work Choices legislation, have significantly reduced many long-standing legal protections of job security for Australian workers.

These changes, along with others such...

Research report

1 Oct 2007

This study found that current Australian policy and practices lack adequate consideration of health and welfare issues for seriously ill asylum seekers at all stages of the asylum process. In addition, it found that the asylum process in Australia contributes to the deterioration of the...