January 2008

Working paper

1 Feb 2008

It begins with examples from debates over the inclusion of Aboriginal people in the income security system in the 1960s and 1970s, and then explores Noel Pearson's contributions on this topic in the early 2000s, with his advocacy of a less 'passive' and responsibility-based welfare...

Research report

1 Feb 2008

This report describes aspects of general practice in Australia. Data reported by 930 general practitioners on 93,000 GP/patient encounters are used, including the problems managed and the treatments provided. This publication is the 21st in the General Practice Series produced by the Australian General Practice...

Research report

1 Feb 2008

This is a policy position endorsed by the Tasmanian community sector, and developed with sector input through a consultation process facilitated by Shelter Tasmania, TasCOSS and Anglicare Tasmania. The three documents were officially released on 16 October 2007 at Parliament House in Hobart as part...

Article

31 Jan 2008

The world wide web is a modern miracle - a source of boundless information; a publishing place for budding authors, musicians, movie makers and opiners. The problem is that when any old Joe can contribute to the global information bank, how can we trust what...

Article

31 Jan 2008

This report is founded on the belief that excellent culture goes to the root of living and is therefore relevant to everyone. The author argues that, while there are many examples of excellent work to be found in the UK today, with some tuning of...

Article

1 Feb 2008

Advances in technology have brought many useful tools to scholars, teachers, students, and others, but these advances have also bought significant threats. Digital information is not durable, and in the rush toward technological innovation, many in higher education have ignored the need for digital archiving...

Article

1 Feb 2008

The law is always playing catch-up with technology. But in the world of search-engine law, say some scholars, the courts have only begun to recognize the existence of a train leaving the station, let alone chase after it.

Article

31 Jan 2008

Broadcast and cable stations donated an average of 17 seconds an hour to public service advertisements, totaling one-half of one percent of all TV airtime, according to this study. The most frequent time period for PSAs to air was between midnight and 6 a.m., accounting...

Article

31 Jan 2008

John Banks and Peter Giles interview Matt Costello in two parts at the LAMP: Story of the Future Residential held at Couran Cove, Queensland, Australia in December 2007.

Matt talks about story worlds and how the game play is very dependent on the...

Article

31 Jan 2008

After 128 years The Bulletin is no more. But what made it so special? And did its most recent incarnation really have any connection to the original publication and its founder's aims?

Article

31 Jan 2008

The Innovation Unit, UK, worked with the Science Museum on the ideas for the Classrooms for the Future for three Bedfordshire schools. With the involvement of teachers and pupils, exciting learning spaces have been created, designed and finally built. The world's first outdoor MP3 jukebox?...

Commentary

Article

31 Jan 2008

The new government has a chance to prove itself a supporter of innovation in Australian industry, writes SIMON MARGINSON

WHILE much of Australia spent January at the beach Kim Carr, the Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research, has been busy. In one...

Research report

31 Jan 2008

Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a common cause of disability among people of all ages. Disabilities related to ABI are often complex and may cause limitations in many areas of life. This bulletin examines ABI in Australia: its causes, the prevalence and severity of disability...

Research report

31 Jan 2008

Oceania, most notably Australia and New Zealand, has emerged as the region with the highest rate of consumption of amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS), including ecstasy, a disproportionately large share in relation to the population in the area. The illicit ATS trade in Oceania is of great...

Research report

31 Jan 2008

The aim of this report was to identify the crime risks which will arise between 2007-09 out of the environment in which Australians use information and communications technologies.

The aim of this report was to identify the crime risks which will arise over the...

Research report

31 Jan 2008

Empirical research into the digitisation of collections in Australian museums, galleries, libraries and archives suggests that copyright law affects what material is digitised and how it is made accessible. This article analyses digitisation within cultural institutions in light of the Digital Agenda reforms of 2000...

Research report

31 Jan 2008

There are varied Australian approaches to suppression orders under common law and statute. This article outlines notable aspects of the law and examines concerns that have been raised by commentators about practices in Australia. Suppression or non-publication orders have been described as being made too...

Research report

31 Jan 2008

Following the November 2006 Summit on the Southern Murray-Darling Basin, the then prime minister and Murray-Darling Basin state premiers commissioned CSIRO to report on sustainable yields of surface and groundwater systems within the Murray-Darling Basin. This report from the CSIRO Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Yields Project...

Research report

31 Dec 2007

This investigation was prompted by 124 complaints received by the Ombudsman’s office about Centrelink’s administration of the activity test requirements following the implementation of Welfare to Work reforms on 1 July 2006.

The report was critical of the practice of stopping a person’s welfare...

Research report

31 Jan 2008

This paper focuses on the actual experience of housing affordability, revealing how deeply the problem cuts into the financial and general wellbeing of renters.

Not only does it create intense hardship for many, but there is no escape from the relentless squeeze between income...

Research report

31 Dec 2007

This report deals with the Department of Immigration’s (DIAC) obligation to provide an unsuccessful visa applicant with a letter that clearly explains the decision and information about DIAC’s notification of adverse decisions was not well coordinated or consistent. There was variation in the quality of...

Briefing paper

29 Jan 2008

Australia has neither commercial nor military nuclear programs, but its long involvement with nuclear science, nuclear weapons tests and uranium mining has left a legacy of radioactive waste, the management of which has proven a tough policy nut to crack. This chronology – originally published...

Research report

31 Jan 2008

This report examines the performance of all Australian governments providing education, justice, emergency management, health, community services and housing services. These services account for $120 billion in government expenditure – almost 13 per cent of Australia's gross domestic product. The report is produced by a...

Research report

31 Jan 2008

In total, 12,622 households lived in state owned and managed Indigenous housing at 30 June 2007 and a further 10,835 households were on waiting lists for this type of housing. This publication details the Commonwealth State Housing Agreement public rental housing assistance in this area...

Research report

31 Jan 2008

This study presents the findings of quantitative (consumer survey) and desk research into consumer attitudes in the Australian farming sector to the take-up and use of telecommunications services. This consumer sector is the subject of a separate report due to its unique nature—a farm...

Article

30 Jan 2008

The federal government's recent steps to strengthen the independence of the Australian Research Council and clarify the rights and responsibilities of researchers based in publicly funded research agencies are welcome developments, according to the Go8. But a third element in the transparency equation requires shoring...

Research report

31 Jan 2008

The creative industries are one of the most important contributors to the UK economy. So it is important that we accurately measure their contribution to economic activity. Doing so can help both policymakers and industry professionals to communicate key concepts, share reliable data and make...

Research report

31 Jan 2008

The sources of innovation are shifting rapidly from the traditional 20th century model of commercial R&D labs, elite universities, private companies and government agencies to user-led innovation. Today's users have much greater input into the creation and dissemination of the media, knowledge and culture they...

Research report

29 Jan 2008

The government is reviewing the operation of two new copyright exceptions that permit 'format shifting'. The purpose of this paper is to invite submissions on whether these sections are operating satisfactorily or whether either provision should be modified in some way. The government is reviewing...

Research report

29 Jan 2008

The government is reviewing the operation of two new copyright exceptions that permit 'format shifting'. The purpose of this paper is to invite submissions on whether these sections are operating satisfactorily or whether either provision should be modified in some way. The government is reviewing...

Research report

24 Jan 2008

This technical paper contains a detailed examination of key elements of the Review’s analytical approach. Originally prepared as an internal research memorandum following release of the Stern Review’s report, the paper is being made more widely available given its ongoing relevance in light of Australia’s...

Research report

29 Jan 2008

Various claims have emerged relating to carbon offsets as part of the growing trend of marketing claims promoting the beneficial environmental aspects of products. Marketing claims about the environmental benefits of products and services include the ability to 'neutralise' the 'carbon footprint' of a product...

Research report

29 Jan 2008

One year after police operations in Poso, Central Sulawesi, there is cautious optimism that jihadi violence has come to an end, but justice, accountability and corruption problems need to be resolved. This briefing looks at the impact of the January 2007 operations that led to...

Research report

29 Jan 2008

An analysis of summary data for the total population, the 0 to 14 years age group, and the 65 and over age group are presented in the tables in this online-only report.

Research report

29 Jan 2008

Summary

The prospect of political change in North Korea is a recurring question, buoyed by media speculation regarding the health of the current leader, Kim Jong-Il, the dearth of information about his succession and concern for the potential instability that could occur....

Research report

29 Jan 2008

For some, the end of the Howard Government was just the beginning, writes Maria Tumarkin, in conversation with filmmaker Tahir Cambis.

Research report

29 Jan 2008

Summary

High oil prices, increased reliance on imported oil, and environmental concerns have led to calls for mandating the blending of domestically-produced ethanol with petrol (‘fuel ethanol’). The most common proposal is for a blend with 10 per cent by volume of ethanol...

Research report

29 Jan 2008

This report examines the declared Top Earners of Specified Executives of the 180 ASX200 companies. It explores how gender interacts with this most senior level status.

Key findings are: *Women hold only 7% of Top Earner positions in the ASX200. *The overall median...

Commentary

Article

29 Jan 2008

The deficiencies of our anti-terrorism laws have already been spelt out, writes ANDREW LYNCH. Now the government needs to act.

NEWS that the Rudd government intends to dramatically change course on national security is extremely welcome. But it is not enough simply to...

Commentary

Article

29 Jan 2008

Impassioned opposition advocates of equity can quickly become cautious defenders of the status quo, writes GEOFFREY BARKER.

EVERY government has to find its comfort zone between the demands of economic efficiency and of social equity. It is not a matter of absolute choice,...

Article

29 Jan 2008

For some, the end of the Howard Government was just the beginning, writes Maria Tumarkin, in conversation with filmmaker Tahir Cambis.

Article

25 Jan 2008

Henry Boston delves back into his past life as a performing arts agent and stresses that success at arts markets is 'all about relationships'. No matter your level of experience it is essential to understand your offering, your point of difference and research, research, research....

Article

25 Jan 2008

Are social networking sites like MySpace or FaceBook likely to be a good fit for your nonprofit's goals? Brett Bonfield outlines some guidelines to help you decide if social networking is right for you.

Social networking sites have received a lot of attention...

Research report

25 Jan 2008

This study was commissioned by the British Library and the Joint Information Systems Committee to identify how the specialist researchers of the future, currently in their school or pre-school years, are likely to access and interact with digital resources in five to ten years' time....

Article

25 Jan 2008

A look at the way in which the Australian advertising industry is adapting to the challenges of the modern age of communication.

Article

25 Jan 2008

Brazillian journalist, Fernando Rodrigues, assembled a database with some 25,000 records of Brazilian politicians showing electoral information and personal data ?including the list of personal assets of each politician who ran for office in the three past general elections in Brazil (1998, 2002 and 2006)....

Research report

25 Jan 2008

A new survey by the Pew Internet & American Life Project in partnership with the University of Illinois -Urbana-Champaign challenges the assumption that libraries are losing relevance in the internet age.

Libraries drew visits by more than half of Americans (53%) in the...

Article

25 Jan 2008

Everyone agrees that museums are important. But they were neglected in the election policies of the major parties in the lead up to last year's federal election.

In the Council of Australasian Museum Directors annual survey of major museums. It was found that:...

Research report

24 Jan 2008

This policy paper argues that Australia must develop a national and transparent model of school funding based on comprehensible measures of need applying equally across the sectors if the funding debate in this country is to rise above a sterile ideological battle.

Research report

24 Jan 2008

Rankings of universities that are based on aggregate measures ignore the discipline coverage within institutions. In this paper, for each of Australia’s 37 public universities, performance in research and teaching in broad discipline groups is evaluated and then aggregated up to obtain whole-of-institution rankings. Relative...

Research report

24 Jan 2008

This report presents 14 indicators on the progress of the ASEAN countries towards the goals of the ASEAN Economic Community and the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community. Where relevant, the report highlights changes in convergence and disparities over time, which are useful in analyzing progress in narrowing...

Research report

24 Jan 2007

Studies investigating health and wellbeing of transgender people have typically been conducted in medical environments such as gender clinics and through sexual health centres. One of the primary concerns of transgender people is recognition of their gender status which is often difficult to achieve in...

Research report

24 Jan 2008

This publication presents the results of a national survey of Australian employers conducted in 2007. The survey collects information about employers' use and views of the vocational education and training (VET) system and the various ways employers use the VET system to meet their skill...

Research report

24 Jan 2008

This study provides a review of housing policies across an array of countries that have a similar level of economic development to that of Australia but have addressed housing questions in different ways. It aims to increase local understanding of international policy in housing, with...

Research report

24 Jan 2008

This report provides up to date information on climate change. It suggests that there exists evidence that the IPCC process may have led to an underestimation of the risk of greater warming and that the impacts of climate change are occurring more rapidly than previously...

Research report

24 Jan 2008

It is widely believed that one in three Australian girls and one in from five to ten boys are sexually abused before they leave school. Using Australian and international research findings, this paper shows that the vulnerability and victimization of boys is substantially under-recognised and...

Research report

24 Jan 2008

This report provides comprehensive information on state and territory child protection and support services. The report contains data for 2006-07, as well as trend data on child protection.Child protection Australia 2006-07 provides comprehensive information on state and territory child protection and support services. The report...

Research report

24 Jan 2008

This publication reports on Commonwealth State Housing Agreement community housing assistance in six program areas: Public rental housing; State owned and managed Indigenous housing; Community housing; Crisis Accommodation Program ; Private rent assistance and Home purchase assistance. Housing assistance is provided under the 2003 Commonwealth...

Research report

21 Jan 2008

This report attempts to assess whether – and to what degree – better care coordination can improve health system performance in terms of quality and cost-efficiency.

See also the annex (13) (PDF) to this paper.

Research report

21 Jan 2008

Current hospital and residential aged care national data sets have been designed primarily to provide data on the specific program rather than to examine program interfaces. This report provides preliminary results from new linked data for four states and two territories for 2001-02, and investigates...

Research report

21 Jan 2008

This report is based on consultations with a wide range of organisations and individuals in all states and territories between September and December 2006. It forms part of the Australian School Teacher and Leader project which was commissioned by the former Department of Education, Science...

Research report

21 Jan 2008

This report outlines the results of the Staff in Australia's Schools survey, which gathered information from over 13,000 secondary and primary school teachers and leaders across the country. It aimed to address key gaps in the data available to characterise the teaching profession to support...

Article

21 Jan 2008

Andrew looks at the nuts and bolts of making money with your content online. He looks at a range of emerging online portals setup to aggregate and share revenues with independent content providers and talks about examples including Revver, Grouper, BlipTV and Crackle. To create...

Article

21 Jan 2008

This podcast explores the intersection of online games and games communities and highlights key techniques in drawing traffic and communities to your property. John Banks uses Fury developed by Auran games as one example and how the relationships with key influencers were nurtured, using genuine...

Research report

21 Jan 2008

By changing the distribution model for video content, television delivered over internet protocol (IPTV) is increasing pressure for a review of broadcast regulatory frameworks so as not to stifle innovation and the diffusion of new services. This paper examines current market trends and regulation for...

Research report

18 Jan 2008

Barring nuclear wars, pandemics and cosmic accidents, there will be about 9.3 billion people living in the world of 2050 - but they will eat as much food as 13 billion people at today’s nutritional levels. Constraints to global food production in an overpopulated, affluent...

Research report

18 Jan 2008

This report presents demographic and labour force statistics on the medical profession in Australia and trends in the number of employed doctors. Information presented includes a national and state/territory overview of the number of medical practitioners, their geographic region and overall supply. This report presents...

Research report

18 Jan 2008

This report presents statistics on trends in the employment of nurses and midwives in Australia. It is based on the main findings of the 2005 national survey of nursing and midwifery. Information presented includes a national and stat/territory overview of the number and characteristics of...

Research report

18 Jan 2008

The government of Timor-Leste and the UN must revitalise efforts to reform the fledging state’s police and army or risk a relapse into violent civil conflict, according to this report. report from the International Crisis Group, examines the need for fundamental changes in national and...

Commentary

Article

18 Jan 2008

The government's rule changes are a good idea, but we should be very clear about the limits of both initiatives, writes JOHN WARHURST.

THE Rudd government has announced that it will be making life harder for lobbyists but easier for non-hovernment organisations. It...

Conference proceedings

18 Jan 2008

Presentations from last July's Association of Parliamentary Libraries of Australasia Conference are available online, Speakers included Roxanne Missingham, Parliamentary Librarian; Harry Evans, Clerk of the Senate; Luke Buckmaster and Sarah Miskin, Parliamentary Library; Kent Fitch and Alison Dellitt, National Library of Australia; and Carmel McInerney,...

Research report

17 Jan 2008

The internet and mobile phones play a much greater role than expected in the lives of young people who are socially, culturally or economically marginalised, challenging the concept of the 'digital divide' which suggests that marginalised young people's use of technology is limited.

Researchers...

Research report

18 Jan 2008

Teenagers aren't much into following serious news online, but news organizations can ? and should ? cultivate their interest by learning how to catch their eyes, diminish their angst, go where they are on the Web, enlist parents and teachers in the cause and help...

Statistics

18 Jan 2008

This paper presents available (mainly official) statistics on the impacts of ICT and discusses a number of statistical issues associated with ICT impact measurement. It attempts to place ICT impacts measurement into an Information Society conceptual framework and suggests a number of areas for further...

Research report

18 Jan 2008

The internet is part of everyday life for a billion people and is driving major changes in people's lives. This study analyses the use of Internet and broadband in detail, showing that people?s socioeconomic standing has a direct bearing on how they use the web....

Research report

17 Jan 2008

Water fluoridation opponents employ multiple techniques to try and undermine the scientifically established effectiveness of water fluoridation. The materials they use are often based on Internet resources or published books that present a highly misleading picture of water fluoridation. These materials are used to sway...

Research report

15 Jan 2008

A feature of Australia’s federal system is that power over spending and policy-making is becoming increasingly concentrated in the Commonwealth. One major way this power is exercised through specific purpose payments by the Commonwealth to the states in areas such as health and education.Specific purpose...

Research report

15 Jan 2008

This AIHW bulletin is a summary of findings from the 2005-06 community housing trial collection of unit record level organisation and dwelling administrative data.

Commentary

Article

11 Jan 2008

Big money, personal celebrity and national pride have mixed badly with an hysterical media, writes GEOFFREY BARKER.

NATIONAL cricket teams do not merely represent the countries from which they are drawn. They also reflect national values, atttitudes and character in a direct and...

Research report

10 Jan 2008

The 42nd Parliament faces a significant work agenda across a diverse range of public policy issues following Labor?s decisive win at the 2007 election. A change of government inevitably means a change of direction and a significant program of policy development and legislative work. In...

Article

10 Jan 2008

A device for parents concerned about their children becoming addicted to video games has been designed by a Queensland University of Technology student.

Industrial Design graduate diploma student Toni Do, from QUT's School of Design, has designed a device that allows parents to control...

Commentary

Article

11 Jan 2008

New research provides some support for William Powers's analysis of the future of print media, writes PETER BROWNE.

THE print media will live on because of its limitations as much as its strengths, argues William Powers in Hamlet's Blackberry: Why Paper is Eternal...

Research report

10 Jan 2008

HREOC's annual inspection report on conditions in immigration detention centres notes that despite improvements, significant work remained to be done. The report covers official visits by HREOC to detention centres around Australia between August and November 2007.

Research report

10 Jan 2008

Estimates of the death toll in Iraq from the time of the US-led invasion in March 2003 until June 2006 have ranged from 47,668 (from the Iraq Body Count) to 601,027 (from a national survey). Results from the Iraq Family Health Survey (IFHS), which was...

Research report

10 Jan 2008

Military superannuation arrangements have been subject to extensive changes. Yet another change may occur in the wake of a recently completed review of military superannuation arrangements.

Both serving and retired members of the Australian Defence Force have legitimate grievances in relation to superannuation matters....

Research report

10 Jan 2008

The 42nd Parliament faces a significant work agenda across a diverse range of public policy issues following Labor’s decisive win at the 2007 election. A change of government inevitably means a change of direction and a significant program of policy development and legislative work. In...

Research report

10 Jan 2008

This working paper is part of a series examining how the Internet influences democracy. This report is a narrative case study that examines the role of the Internet and mobile phones during Ukraine's 2004 Orange Revolution. The first section describes the online citizen journalists who...

Article

10 Jan 2008

This paper is one of the first in a series of case studies that examines the impact of the Internet and technology on democracy. This specific case investigates the influence of the participatory media Web site OhmyNews during the 2002 South Korean Presidential election. It...

Blog post

9 Jan 2008

One of the main issues facing libraries as they work to create richer user services is the complexity of their systems environment.

Report

7 Jan 2008

When college kids make mashups of Hollywood movies, are they violating the law? Not necessarily, according to this study on copyright and creativity. The study shows that many uses of copyrighted material in today?s online videos are eligible for fair use consideration. The study points...

Research report

7 Jan 2008

How can media-makers, researchers and funders recognize and understand public media in a participatory, digital era? The goal of the Center for Social Media's Mapping Public Media initiative, funded by a grant from the Ford Foundation, is to reveal the resources and connections that sustain...

Research report

7 Jan 2008

For help with a variety of common problems, more people turn to the internet than consult experts or family members to provide information and resources. Members of Gen Y are the leading users of libraries for help solving problems and in more general patronage....

Research report

7 Jan 2008

Content creation by teenagers continues to grow, with 64% of online teenagers ages 12 to 17 engaging in at least one type of content creation, up from 57% of online teens in 2004. The use of social media is gaining a greater foothold in teen...

Research report

4 Dec 2007

The Swinburne National Technology and Society Monitor was developed by the Australian Centre for Emerging Technologies and Society (ACETS) at Swinburne University of Technology. It involves a representative nationwide survey of Australians, and provides an annual snapshot of public perceptions regarding new technologies...

Research report

3 Jan 2008

The "PUT THE HARD WORD ON 'EM" campaign was developed by the national training system's e-learning strategy, the Australian Flexible Learning Framework, as part of a strategy to help ensure Australia's training system meets the demands of its 21st century learners. The campaign encouraged 15?19...

Research report

3 Jan 2008

As part of its efforts to encourage the uptake of innovative education and training, the national training system's e-learning strategy, the Australian Flexible Learning Framework, has conducted one of the country's largest reviews into achieving a balance between practitioners desire to utilise innovative e-learning applications...

Research report

3 Jan 2008

Between 2001 and 2006, average weekly counts of emergency department visits increased by 9% during the holiday period. The holiday increase was largely accounted for by visits that were less urgent, and for patients who were not admitted, did not arrive by ambulance, had a...

Research report

3 Jan 2008

The ill health and profound disadvantage of Indigenous Australians, particularly of Indigenous children, is well documented, persistent and inadequately addressed. Aboriginal and non-Indigenous professionals and advocates have long called for necessary long-term commitment to and adequate resourcing of health, housing, education, employment and development. Communities...

Research report

3 Jan 2008

The author argues that the new Labor government should initiate a regional climate pact, established within the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change/Kyoto Protocol framework aiming at both mitigation and adaptation. He examines possible models for such a pact, and argues for the inclusion of...

Research report

3 Jan 2008

Death rates are a useful indicator of the underlying health status of a population. This report describes the patterns of death in regional and remote areas and quantifies the difference in death rates amongst people living in major cities and those living outside them.Death rates...

Research report

3 Jan 2008

If we could grade the social conditions of society from excellent to poor we would find that population oral health status followed precisely the same gradient. Where social conditions are excellent, oral health status tends also to be excellent. Where social conditions are poor, oral...

Research report

3 Jan 2008

The criminal justice system is constantly evolving in response to changing social, economic and political pressures. One that gathered momentum during the 1980s and 1990s was community concern about increasing crime rates, particularly property and violent crime, and the perceived link with illicit drug use...

Research report

3 Jan 2008

In recent years, the Australian Government has committed significant resources to combating trafficking in persons. Within this larger anti-trafficking effort, the community sector, law enforcement, prosecutors, health professionals and members of the community all have an important role to play. As each sector comes to...

Research report

2 Jan 2008

The Collecting Societies Code of Conduct must be reviewed every three years, and is due for review in early 2008. The notification of the review is available on the ADA's site, where the current Code of Conduct can also be viewed.

Research report

2 Jan 2008

The 18th AMP/NATSEM Income and Wealth Report finds that a typical Australian family spends $537,000 on raising two children from birth to 21 years. This is 23 per cent of household income, the same percentage as a broadly comparable family in 2002.

The 18th...