March 2008

Research report

1 Apr 2008

The first study in Australia to use nationally representative data on how mobile phones have become integrated into everyday lives has released its final report. The study, The Impact of the Mobile Phone on Work/Life Balance, is a collaboration between AMTA and the Australian Research...

Research report

1 Apr 2008

A new Labor government, fresh from winning an historic election on the basis of defending collective bargaining, identifies the core concerns of working families – job security, petrol prices, grocery prices, and housing affordability. Then it announces a new welfare payment where those earning over...

Research report

1 Apr 2008

Pacific Economic Survey 2008 is the first of a series of annual surveys that will provide an overview and update of economic developments in the Pacific island region and Timor-Leste. Each survey will also include separate chapters on particular issues of importance to the region....

Research report

1 Apr 2008

Australia’s services exports continued to grow strongly in the financial year to 30 June 2007, rising 10.5 per cent to $46.2 billion, according to this report. Services imports increased 8.0 per cent to $44.4 billion over the year. This gave a positive annual balance of...

Research report

1 Apr 2008

The Stronger Families and Communities Strategy 2000–2004 was an Australian Government initiative funded by the Department of Family and Community Services (FaCS) to help build family and community capacity to deal with challenges and take advantage of opportunities. In 2002, a consortium led by CIRCLE...

Research report

15 Feb 2008

The aim of this research project is to provide an analytical framework and research foundation for understanding the impact of home maintenance and modification (HMM) services on health, community care and housing outcomes in later life, and for developing more effective public policies relating to...

Research report

1 Apr 2008

Most urban households face severe restrictions on their use of water. These impose hidden costs that could amount to billions of dollars each year. Australia’s urban water shortages are only partly due to low rainfall. An important contributor has been inadequate institutional arrangements for the...

Research report

1 Apr 2008

This paper reviews 2007 research by Debra Parkinson looking at the value of Crisis Care Units (CCU) for recent victim/survivors of sexual assault. One of the original purposes of the research was to establish the need and lobby for Crisis Care Units in rural locations....

Discussion paper

1 Apr 2008

This discussion paper highlights some of the challenges the industry faces. It also examines Australia's current automotive policy arrangements and asks whether these are appropriate to meet these challenges.

This discussion paper has been released to stimulate debate and submissions on these and other...

Research report

1 Apr 2008

This background paper provides information on the history, structure and economic significance of the car industry, and has been issued as part of a review of the industry, chaired by the former Victorian premier Steve Bracks, to assess challenges, overcome barriers to success and to...

Research report

1 Apr 2008

This paper provides a review of contemporary research on the sexual assault of sex workers in Australia, focussing predominantly on the safety of sex workers in their work contexts.

Article

1 Apr 2008

A U.S. and British library plan to reproduce online all 75 editions of William Shakespeare's plays printed in the quarto format before the year 1641.

The process of downloading the quartos will begin next month and take a year to complete. Online visitors will...

Research report

31 Mar 2008

This paper starts with the question of whether climate change will require a significant reduction of consumption among the richer people in the world, and ends with the most optimistic picture the author can conjure up, of the world in the year 2075. That hopeful...

Research report

31 Mar 2008

This paper examines the application of labour law in micro and small enterprises by comparing the practices in various member States of the International Labour Organization. Micro and small enterprises (MSEs) are increasingly a major source of employment creation, and therefore a focus of economic...

Research report

31 Mar 2008

Schools need to recognise that critical thinking skills are important in vocational and trade-based work as well as traditional academic subjects such as English and mathematics. Any subject, from physics to auto repair, can be taught in a way that challenges students to think for...

Research report

31 Mar 2008

Relevance, as used in 'Big Picture' schools, helps to create learning opportunities and learning environments that deeply engage learners and challenge them both intellectually and personally within their areas of interest and beyond. Engagement through relevance engenders intrinsic motivation and the rigorous yet satisfying learning...

Research report

31 Mar 2008

The release of the Equal Opportunity Review Options Paper marks the start of the second and final round of consultation on the Equal Opportunity Review.

A final report to the Attorney-General will be submitted in June 2008. This final report will take into consideration...

Research report

31 Mar 2008

Policy experts often think alike, even when the evidence contradicts them. CIS researchers Jennifer Buckingham, Andrew Norton, Phil Rennie, Jeremy Sammut, and Peter Saunders argue that this is how billions of dollars are spent on government programs that don't work.

The CIS social...

Research report

31 Mar 2008

New political expenditure disclosure rules, aimed at organisations that run no candidates in elections but may nevertheless influence public opinion, could have a 'chilling effect' on political expression.New political expenditure disclosure rules, aimed at organisations that run no candidates in elections but may nevertheless influence...

Research report

31 Mar 2008

This paper examines a set of supply-side issues that undermine successful Indigenous participation in the West Kimberley resource boom.The West Kimberley is the latest region in Western Australia poised to reap huge benefits from a super-cycle of resource exploitation. Labour demand is at an all-time...

Research report

31 Mar 2008

Indigenous Australian females are under-represented in the Australian labour force and in employment. According to the Population Census of 2006, 49 per cent of Indigenous females were in the labour force compared with 58 per cent of other Australian females. The unemployment rate for Indigenous...

Research report

31 Mar 2008

'Diabetes: Australian facts 2008' is a concise summary of the latest data and trends relating to diabetes in Australia. It is the second report by the National Centre for Monitoring Diabetes to present available data across the spectrum of the disease: its levels in the...

Research report

31 Mar 2008

This report focuses on a comprehensive range of health issues concerning people living in rural, regional and remote Australia.

Research report

29 Mar 2008

The quadrilateral dialogue among the US, Japan, Australia and India was never as substantial as its champions or its detractors claimed it to be, argues international security program director Rory Medcalf in this article in the February-March edition of The Diplomat. China saw menace in...

Research report

28 Feb 2008

This paper reviews nine analyses, all published since 1998, and all of them involving in-depth interviews or groupwork with children aged between 5 and 17. The case studies cover issues including exclusion from activities and peer groups at school and in the community; perceptions of...

Research report

27 Mar 2008

This research describes the relationship between the payment and receipt of child support and housing outcomes. The focus is informed by diversifying family forms and household structures, which have implications for parenting, financial arrangements and the housing needs and outcomes of Parents Apart and their...

Research report

27 Mar 2008

In the last 20 years, developed countries have struggled with what seemed to be an ever rising tide of asylum seekers, a trend that has now gone into reverse. This paper examines what happened and why. How have oppression, violence and economic conditions in origin...

Research report

27 Mar 2008

Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) is a suite of four summary measures that have been created from 2006 Census information.

The indexes can be used to explore different aspects of socio-economic conditions by geographic areas. For each index, every geographic area in Australia is...

Research report

25 Mar 2008

Health workforce shortages are a global phenomenon. Dealing with these shortages requires a multi dimensional strategy that some developed countries have recognised may need to include the introduction of new health professionals. These professionals supplement the work of medical practitioners in dealing with changing population...

Research report

27 Mar 2008

Young and Female: Using linked data to profile service use explores characteristics of service use by young female clients from the Clients in Common dataset across the health and community services sector in Metropolitan Adelaide, and selected areas of South Australia. Analysing the Clients in...

Commentary

Article

26 Mar 2008

In a report for Australian Policy Online in May last year, IAN WATSON used Newspoll voting intention data for 1987-2004 to show how the voting patterns of older Australians appeared to be moving against the Liberal-National Coalition. Updating the analysis in this article, he...

Commentary

Article

26 Mar 2008

Worryingly, the government's cuts to the defence budget came without warning, writes GEOFFREY BARKER.

THE Rudd government is playing a duplicitous and dangerous game with defence funding as it prepares what seems certain to be a tough budget. The government’s demand that Defence...

Research report

27 Mar 2008

This report explores the causal relationship between computer ownership and high school graduation and other educational outcomes.

Teenagers who have access to home computers are 6 to 8 percentage points more likely to graduate from high school than teenagers who do not have home...

Research report

26 Mar 2008

The study of mathematics, particularly higher mathematics, is important if Australia is to develop a scientifically literate workforce. Participation in mathematics study at higher levels is declining, and this paper begins to consider some of the reasons for this. A study that looked at the...

Research report

25 Mar 2008

Australia's 29 major performing arts companies continue to show steady growth across key financial and artistic indicators, according to the latest report from the Australia Council for the Arts.

The Securing the Future report showed that in 2006 the companies achieved 2.1 million capital...

Guide

25 Mar 2008

The Australia Council for the Arts fully revised second edition of its Music protocol guide, designed to help Australians better understand the use of Indigenous cultural material.

Article

25 Mar 2008

MOBILE phones keep adding whiz-bang features, but research released this week suggests fewer people than makers would like are bothering to use them.

Of people with handsets capable of doing things other than making phone calls, 59per cent had sent an MMS; 55...

Research report

25 Mar 2008

This report looks at major changes and challenges in the Native Title system over the past year. It calls for the Australian native title system to be immediately reviewed and a national native title summit to be held with extensive representation. Commissioner Calma argues that...

Research report

25 Mar 2008

Amending the Northern Territory intervention legislation to maximise protection of children from abuse while ensuring the basic human rights of Indigenous people are protected is one of the major elements of a ten-point plan to tackle family violence and child abuse in Indigenous communities.

Research report

25 Mar 2008

This paper uses the 2002 Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) wealth module data to examine levels of wealth and debt in Australia among different age groups. This paper analyses the 2002 Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) wealth module data...

Research report

25 Mar 2008

This paper reports on the first phase of a two-part research project that aims to substantiate a new approach to describing the Australian population for social policy purposes.

By analysing psychosocial factors that contribute to overall wellbeing, the researchers have developed ways of generalising...

Research report

25 Mar 2008

This paper provides a summary of trends in government spending, revealing strong growth in government spending and the size of government, particularly over the past four years. It also discusses the distribution and sustainability of spending and notes the importance of high quality spending and...

Research report

25 Mar 2008

This report makes a number of recommendations which aim to alleviate the current pressures experienced by older Australians on low incomes, including a review of the Age Pension base level and indexation arrangements, a review of financial thresholds to access government services, benefits and concessions,...

Research report

25 Mar 2008

Drawing on research conducted by the Climate Change Ecology Group at Macquarie University, this report finds that climate change is likely to have a negative impact on Australian species, with some already experiencing its effects.Almost 40 per cent of mammal extinctions globally in the last...

Research report

25 Mar 2008

In 2007, the Adult, Community and Further Education Board commissioned an evaluation of the Circles of Professional Research Practice (Circles) initiative.

Key messages of the report by Dr John Mcintyre are: • The Circles provided a unique space for ACE practitioners to engage with...

Research report

25 Mar 2008

This submission to the NSW Legislative Council Inquiry into Electoral and Political Party Funding, highlights three issues: the relationship between funding regimes; the timeliness of donation disclosures; and the structure of the Election Funding Authority.

Research report

25 Mar 2008

At a time when the subject of “globalisation” is on everyone’s lips, it is timely to reflect on the contribution of international migration to the ongoing wave of globalisation. Just how significant an engine of globalisation is international migration? What have been some of the...

Research report

25 Mar 2008

This paper addresses the question of whether and how monetary policy ease may lead to excesses in financial and real asset markets and ultimately result in financial dislocation. It presents evidence suggesting that periods when short-term interest rates have been persistently and significantly below what...

Research report

25 Mar 2008

This working paper investigates the policy determinants of hours worked among employed individuals in OECD countries, focusing on the impact of taxation, working-time regulations, and other labour and product market policies. It explores the factors underlying cross-country differences in hours worked — in line with...

Article

24 Mar 2008

By building on students' interests in new technology and by taking advantage of their existing abilities to use computers, iPods and MP3 players, teachers can utilise podcasting technology for teaching and learning purposes, especially in the area of language and literacy.

Article

24 Mar 2008

Are the arts elitist? This report shows that cultural experiences are more important than demographic factors in four cultural activities:

* Reading a book; * Attending live performances; * Visiting art galleries; and * Movie theatre attendance.

Many different categories of cultural attendance...

Article

24 Mar 2008

Most organizations have (or at least should have!) internal documentation that outlines procedures, best practices, and tips to help make everyone?s job easier. For instance, an organization might write up:

* How to add a new constituent to the tracking database, or how...

Article

24 Mar 2008

Despite the approaching Olympic Games, it should come as no surprise to most observers of China that information about the spreading protests in Tibet (Autonomous Region) and other far western provinces is subject to vigorous censorship. YouTube enables certain actors actors to determine geolocational filtering...

Transcript

24 Mar 2008

Anne Parsons? presentation stresses the need to start a dialogue and create a connection with recipients of marketing messages.

The current advertising landscape is characterized by boundless choice but limited attention, low barriers to competitive entry, a focus on consumers, and brands with values...

Article

24 Mar 2008

A first of its kind study released today by Nielsen Online has revealed that consumer generated media (CGM) is affecting a major shift in overall consumer behaviour, from communication styles to relationships to purchase decisions, and the vast majority of Internet users are now engaging...

Article

25 Mar 2008

Just why are Australian radio networks so keen on the introduction of digital radio when the main commercial operator in the UK has been busy scaling back?

Research report

24 Mar 2008

By building on students' interests in new technology and by taking advantage of their existing abilities to use computers, iPods and MP3 players, teachers can utilise podcasting technology for teaching and learning purposes, especially in the area of language and literacy. By building on students'...

Research report

24 Mar 2008

Our observations, conversations with teachers and students, and our reading of the research literature have convinced us that ability grouping in mathematics is a major impediment to the mathematical learning of students and their beliefs about themselves as mathematical thinkers. Any benefits which accrue from...

Research report

23 Mar 2008

The Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care released a draft National Patient Charter of Rights in January 2008. This submission contains PIAC's comment and feedback on the draft Charter. PIAC is of the opinion that while the draft Charter contains some important...

Research report

23 Mar 2008

The Australian Unity Wellbeing Index monitors the subjective wellbeing of the Australian population. Their first survey was conducted in April 2001 and this report concerns the 18th survey, undertaken in October 2007.The Australian Unity Wellbeing Index monitors the subjective wellbeing of the Australian population. Their...

Research report

23 Mar 2008

Under the planning framework, some $30 billion worth of development applications are determined in NSW every year. Local government is responsible for assessing development worth $20 billion. Approximately 70 percent of this total value is for residential work, and up to 90 percent is lodged...

Research report

23 Mar 2008

The 'Protecting Human Rights in Australia' project aims to provide community education on human rights in Australia through a series of fact sheets.

The fact sheets aim to provide readers with information about the human rights that affect the general community in daily life....

Research report

23 Mar 2008

This report of an Independent Task Force considers future directions in Australia's Pacific Islands policy. Areas of interest include improving relations, improving governance, creating an enabling security, encouraging economic growth and furthering knowledge, culture and sport.{C}

Task Force members were: Peter Abigail and Ian...

Research report

23 Mar 2008

This report considers the security industry and the role it could play in protecting Australia's homeland security. The paper suggests five measures that would allow public and private sector customers access to a wider spectrum of advanced security capability and leverage leading edge security thinking...

Research report

23 Mar 2008

The overall objective of the paper is to model and econometrically analyze the impact of access costs (travel time to hospital) and quality of health care on the utilization of elective health services in public hospitals. The authors argue that patients might face a trade-off...

Research report

23 Mar 2008

Illuminating some of the gaps in social and economic participation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians due, in part, to geography, this paper presents the preliminary findings of a regional analysis of recent change in Indigenous population and social indicators between 2001 and 2006.The new Federal...

Research report

23 Mar 2008

Despite the well-known limitations of statistical measurement, there is still a vital need to document the extent of overall poverty and its incidence among different groups in Australia. Without such evidence, it is impossible to establish how successful social and economic policies have been in...

Research report

23 Mar 2008

Australia's vital interests are involved in the South Pacific: the stability of the region is an important factor in our own security, and this translates into on-going defence, security, economic, aid, environmental and humanitarian activities. The island states of the South Pacific face severe challenges...

Research report

23 Mar 2008

The 'Save the Tasmanian Devil Program' of the Tasmanian Government commissioned an independent review of a small study of chemical residues in 23 devils affected with Devil Facial Tumour Disease (DFTD) and 22 unaffected devils. Depending on cost and sample size chemicals were measured in...

Article

21 Mar 2008

Based on a survey of educational writers in late 2007 and early 2008, this report shows that, overwhelmingly, conditions for these writers had deteriorated since 2000 due to more onerous contractual conditions from fewer publishers.

Research report

21 Mar 2008

The introduction of an Australian emissions trading scheme signals the opportunity for profound, long-term structural change for Australia, according to this report. The paper argues for the need to design the scheme on the basis that it will ultimately be part of a global agreement...

Commentary

Article

20 Mar 2008

Next month's conference on Afghanistan should consider a novel scheme to neutralise the impact of soaring opium production, argues HAMISH McDONALD.

ESTIMATES of soaring opium production in Afghanistan are being used by the anti-narcotics establishment - Western and international law enforcement agencies -...

Research report

20 Mar 2008

The state of the American news media in 2008 is more troubled than a year ago. And the problems, increasingly, appear to be different than many experts have predicted. Critics have tended to see technology democratizing the media and traditional journalism in decline. Audiences, they...

Article

19 Mar 2008

Wi-Fi usage in Australia has almost doubled, with 190 percent growth on last year, but Europe and South America are moving ahead faster on wireless take-up.

Australia is the eighth most frequent user of Wi-Fi in the world, registering 35,778 sessions that last...

Research report

19 Mar 2008

This paper explores the shifting foundations of the emerging global order. It identifies the fault-lines of today's world politics and assesses the effectiveness of traditional approaches to armed force, international organisations and international law.

It combines a comprehensive survey of the challenges facing...

Research report

19 Mar 2008

In 2007, The Cancer Council Australia, with co-sponsorship from the Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing, convened a national roundtable discussion on human papillomavirus (HPV) immunisation and its impact on the National Cervical Screening Program.

HPV immunisation has the potential to prevent strains of...

Research report

19 Mar 2008

The Australian federal system must be judged as one of the most successful in modern history, argues Jonathan Pincus. In this paper he argues that a key to its success is the evolution of Australian federal arrangements in response to changing circumstances. Federalism can continue...

Research report

18 Mar 2008

Pakistan has been under unpopular military rule for the last eight years and has been marked by widespread political and religious violence in the last year. This paper examines Pakistan’s paradoxical role in the war on terror; at once a source of extremism and a...

Research report

18 Mar 2008

In this paper David Martin Jones argues that the ruling coalition led by Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi's United Malay National Organization now faces the challenge of renegotiating the terms of its fraying social contract, widening the basis for minority participation and more forcefully addressing the...

Research report

18 Mar 2008

The term 'value-added' can be used to describe the additional value or contribution a school makes to the learning outcomes of students. Value-added measures aim to adjust student scores to cancel out non-school influences, such as a student's background and prior attainments, to provide a...

Research report

17 Mar 2008

This research paper provides an analysis by Commonwealth electoral division of socio-demographic data from the second release of the 2006 Census of Population and Housing. The electoral boundaries used in this paper are the current boundaries used at the 2007 federal election.

This paper...

Research report

18 Mar 2008

While the violence of the attempted coup in East Timor is shocking, it should not be a surprise. East Timor has been moving into multi-dimensional crisis for several years, resulting from three factors: rule by the gun; increasing and apparently intractable impoverishment and corruption; and...

Research report

18 Mar 2008

The aim of this study is to examine the themes of policy and service integration in the provision of social housing in Australia.

In particular it seeks to identify the factors driving policy interest in this issue and stakeholder views about integration issues, challenges,...

Research report

18 Mar 2008

The tourism industry worldwide has been a favourite terrorist target and it may be hit again. This paper considers the impact of terrorism on tourism and suggests measures to strengthen the resilience of this sector. Now is the time for the Australian tourism industry to...

Research report

18 Mar 2008

This study provides one of the first comprehensive assessments of the economic impacts of reduced water allocation levels (as a result of climate change) on the irrigation sector in the Australian Murray Darling Basin (MDB). It suggests that relatively low cost adaptation strategies are available...

Research report

18 Mar 2008

This paper investigates the impact of policy shifts on disaggregated health expenditure-GDP relationship for Australia and the USA. In contrast to previous studies the disaggregation is at the level of type of service delivered and not at the level of source of expenditure. The authors'...

Research report

18 Mar 2008

This publication presents summary data on selected sport and physical recreation occupations from the 2006 Census of Population and Housing. The occupations included are derived from those included in the Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications (ACLC), 2008 (cat. no. 4902.0).

The tables show the...

Research report

18 Mar 2008

This statistical snapshot brings together the latest data on Australia's dynamic arts and cultural sector. How many Australians, including Indigenous Australians are working, participating and volunteering in the sector? How much are Australians spending on arts and culture and what is the impact of the...

Research report

18 Mar 2008

This Policy Analysis examines the challenges confronting the forthcoming Defence White Paper. Rod Lyon argues that the White Paper needs to define the relationship between three core variables: a complex strategic environment, a set of decisions about Australia’s role in the world, and the constraints...

Research report

18 Mar 2008

This paper reports on data obtained on 1,232 arson defendants (133 of whom were known to be appearing for a bushfire arson offence), who appeared before NSW courts between 2001 and 2006. Diversity in known offending highlights the need for treatment programs that focus not...

Research report

18 Mar 2008

This paper represents the first concerted effort to document the number, size and distribution of potentially illegal fires lit in vegetation in Australia. It is based on vegetation fire data supplied by a large number of fire agencies across the country. It is technical in...

Research report

18 Mar 2008

The housing industry price bubble, coupled with rising interest rates, has resulted in more Australians struggling to buy and also then to pay off their home. Perhaps best demonstrating this struggle is that over the past decade outright home ownership dropped by about nine percentage...

Research report

18 Mar 2008

This paper argues that diasporas (communities which live outside, but retain their connections with, their homelands) are getting larger, thicker and stronger – with important implications for global economics, identity, politics and security. The author compares diasporas to 'world wide webs' emanating from states, with...

Commentary

Article

17 Mar 2008

We should be careful about trying to impose a single identity on Islamic communities in this country, argues LIZA HOPKINS.

IN RESPONSE to concerns about the place of Islam in Australian society, the federal government has announced that a new Muslim group of...

Working paper

17 Mar 2008

The utopianization of creative work is a pronounced feature of post-industrial societies. This paper analyses the attendant promotion of creative leisure, and its role in supporting discourses and practices of creative work. By analysing the example of Richard Florida's popular text The Rise of the...

Research report

17 Mar 2008

Focusing on reading printed material as a primary activity, and excluding that conducted for the purposes of work or education, this article analyses the trajectory of change within five countries (the Netherlands, Norway, France, UK and USA) between two points in time using time diary...

Article

17 Mar 2008

In this overview it is argued that many Australian product designers work in ways that do not benefit the successful commercialisation of their work. Weis argues that unlike the fashion and film industries that are well supported federally and have organisations lobbying on their behalf...

Article

17 Mar 2008

Successful online communities require more than a software package. In this article, the author outlines the strategies and features to help build online message boards, social networks, or other conversation based sites that become vibrant, useful communities.

Article

17 Mar 2008

Acquiring software for very little money ? or even getting it for free? can feel great. Yet is that bargain really a bargain? Learn how to assess whether that affordable software package is a great deal, or a lemon.

Article

11 Mar 2008

This paper, which first appeared on Gas Quarterly, fuel4arts, discusses the recent Australian federal arts policy and in particular the renewed interest in the resale royalty rights for visual artists. We are given a glimpse of the pros and cons of such a scheme which...

Article

17 Mar 2008

For many years, the record companies fought the idea of digital distribution via file 'sharing' by such companies as the 'original' illegal Napster (not the current company) and Kaazaa, who allowed users to distribute music without any compensation to the record companies or artists whose...

Research report

17 Mar 2008

Development divorced from its human or cultural context is growth without a soul. Economic development in its full flowering is part of a people's culture.

This is not a view commonly held. A more conventional view regards culture as either a help or a...

Article

17 Mar 2008

Netherlands-based Polymer Vision is the only company that is currently working on making e-books in a form that's actually close to traditional books--ones that are mobile, bendable, and, above all, readable.

But the device, called Readius, is not just an e-book reader--it receives...

Article

17 Mar 2008

With the proliferation of the Internet, some believed that it would be a major step towards citizen's right to information and freedom of expression ? both important aspects of democracy. The advent of Web 2.0 further reinforced this belief as citizens were more empowered for...

Article

17 Mar 2008

Quelling violence during elections, in so far as it is based in the perception of an unfair voting system, could be mitigated by open source election machines similar to those used in Australia.

Article

17 Mar 2008

YouTomb, a project of the MIT Free Culture group that studies takedown notices by the video-sharing website YouTube, has identified a mechanism used by Google to restrict video content in specific countries. This appears to be the method YouTube is using to filter videos on...

Article

17 Mar 2008

At a time when book-reading in the US is declining and is especially low among poorer people according to a recent Associated Press-Ipsos poll, a book club for homeless men seems ill-fated. But, while 1 in 4 people polled admitted to having read no books...

Research report

16 Mar 2008

Prepared for the Independent Gambling Authority in South Australia, this report examines aspects of the relationship between gaming machine technology and problem gambling. It looks at:

• whether particular gaming machine games feature more commonly in the play of problem gamblers as compared to...

Research report

16 Mar 2008

Effective protection against insider trading is critical to market confidence and, over time, liquidity. For a company, failing to demonstrate a working governance system to prevent insider trading not only poses risks for the company but also for the broader Australian listed securities market. This...

Research report

14 Mar 2008

This briefing suggests a framework to assist the new Government's deliberations on the most appropriate settings for budget policy, given the current precarious stance of macroeconomic policy in Australia. For the first time in a decade fiscal policy settings underpinning the 2008-09 Budget should take...

Research report

14 Mar 2008

The issue of public hospital waiting lists is never far from the headlines and with major reforms to public hospital funding being proposed, it will continue to generate considerable public interest. Recently the Australian government announced $150 million in funding to the states and territories...

Research report

13 Mar 2008

Soft compulsion is a method to increase retirement savings by automatically increasing the individual employee’s superannuation contributions, but allowing the individual to opt out of this arrangement. It is based on the assumption that individuals, left to their own devices, will often fail to make...

Research report

14 Mar 2008

This is the report of an internal review, headed by former NSW Chief Justice Sir Laurence Street, looking at the way in which the AFP works with its partner agencies on counter-terrorism investigations. The committee made recommendations covering the four broad areas of operational decision-making...

Article

13 Mar 2008

Clarence Valley in northern NSW has launched an Australian first with Council adopting the Clarence Creative business plan. The aim is to build a cluster that enhances marketing, product development, and business capacity whilst establishing the Clarence Valley as a creative hub. A volunteer working...

Discussion paper

13 Mar 2008

The paper is the fruit of a year-long exchange of views involving over a hundred civil society organisations across Europe. It outlines the principles emerging from this year-long process, and sets out a work programme for the period ahead. Describing itself as 'a learning framework...

Article

13 Mar 2008

The creative industries are a buzzword of the moment. They are one of the fastest growing industries, estimated to account for more than seven per cent of the world's gross domestic product and are projected to grow 10 percent yearly on average. Studies throughout the...

Reports

13 Mar 2008

Papers and presentations from the 2008 conference are now available online. Issues covered in the conference papers include housing affordability, social housing, the role of housing practitioners, and Indigenous housing.

Please note: this is an archived link and not all PDFs may be available...

Research report

13 Mar 2008

This report explores ways to strengthen the provision of services to ‘hard to reach’ families in Frankston North, Karingal and Carrum Downs, suburbs on Melbourne’s outer metropolitan fringe. Parents and service staff were interviewed about factors which hindered or encouraged the use of services such...

Research report

13 Mar 2008

NERA was engaged by Australia's Ministerial Council on Energy's Smart Meter Working Group to estimate the net benefits associated with a mandatory rollout of smart metering, and a non-smart meter direct load control alternative. NERA had responsibility for the overall coordination of the project (which...

Audio program

12 Mar 2008

DEBORAH BRENNAN outlines a new agenda for parental leave and child care in Australia

This is the text of a lecture delivered on 6 March as part of So, What? (25) , a series of public lectures in contemporary humanities and social...

Article

12 Mar 2008

Social network sites like MySpace and Facebook serve as 'networked publics'. As with unmediated publics like parks and malls, youth use networked publics to gather, socialize with their peers, and make sense of and help build the culture around them. This article examines American youth...

Article

12 Mar 2008

This article discusses copyright, issues for publishes and reproduction of music performance rights and the collection of royalties through APRA. Also delves into the emerging world of online dissemination and relatively new markets like ring tones and what this means for songwriters.

Article

12 Mar 2008

This article helps to dispel some myths about literary royalties and outlines the pitfalls and opportunities for authors around e-publishing technologies and their rights.

Research report

12 Mar 2008

A national survey that examined the media use of 3rd through 12th graders in the US found that they are spending an increasing amount of time using 'new media' like computers, the Internet and video games, without cutting back on 'old media' like television and...

Article

12 Mar 2008

This was a dark weekend for the Internet community in Pakistan. A series of unfortunate events started with an order for ISPs to block YouTube in Pakistan, which naturally riled citizens and advocates of free speech. Making things worse, the implementation of the block by...

Article

12 Mar 2008

Britain's Secretary of Culture has told London's public libraries that they must take innovative steps such as rewarding regular borrowers with vouchers for travel or the cinema if they are to stay relevant to an increasingly discerning and web-savvy population. br> She told the Association...

Research report

12 Mar 2008

A number of presentations from this conference are now available on the Growing Up in Australia website. The aim of the conference was to provide a forum for the discussion of research based on Longitudinal Study of Australian Children data and to highlight its research...

Research report

12 Mar 2008

Around a quarter of all Australian wage and salary earners are casual workers. Casual workers, in general, receive less training than those in ongoing employment. This paper considers whether the prevalence of casual employment is sustainable. It looks at the home and community care sector...

Research report

12 Mar 2008

This study evaluates a selection of career development services available for young people. It examines the characteristics of the services provided, with a focus on career decision-making and the provision of information about vocational education and training (VET) options. The education providers and young people...

Report

1 Feb 2008

This report, the fourth comprehensive analysis of expenditures on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, examines expenditure in 2004–05 on health for Indigenous Australians and compares this with health expenditure for the rest of the Australian population. The report examines health resource distribution...

Research report

12 Mar 2008

The authors of this paper argue that the claim by the previous government that inflation fears were a reflection of a strong labour market are erroneous.

They estimate a new Phillips curve which shows how underemployment now influences price inflation.

Research report

12 Mar 2008

This fifth paper issued by the Garnaut Climate Change Review is based on the discussion at a public forum on 19 February 2007, other discussions with stakeholders and internal research.

Issues related to the adoption of low-emission technologies and practices in transport, land-use and...

Research report

12 Mar 2008

The term unfair dismissal is taken to mean the dismissal of the employee due to stated unsatisfactory employment performance but which is later found to be ‘unfair’. Callus and Sutcliffe defined unfair dismissal as: “A situation in which an employee, who has been dismissed summarily...

Research report

12 Mar 2008

Australia's National Reserve System (NRS), the national network of public, Indigenous and private protected areas over land and freshwater, is the nation's premier investment in biodiversity conservation. Protected areas also contribute significantly to the economy through natural tourism, and provide many ecosystem services such as...

Research report

12 Mar 2008

This address by Senator Robert Ray to the Sydney Fabian Society in 2006 provides a context to Prime Minister Rudd's new executive powers.

Research report

12 Feb 2008

The selection of immigrants by skill and education is a central issue in the analysis of immigration. Since highly educated immigrants tend to be more successful in host country labour markets and less of a fiscal cost it is important to know what determines the...

Research report

12 Feb 2008

The question of whether giving birth as a teenager has negative economic consequences for the mother remains controversial despite substantial research. In this paper, the authors build upon existing literature, especially the literature that uses the experience of teenagers who had a miscarriage as the...

Research report

12 Mar 2008

This paper identifies major structural flaws in Australia's current taxation system, and develops a set of proposals to put them right.

Research report

12 Mar 2008

This paper is intended as an examination of some of the sentencing policy issues and principles raised by the abolition of the partial defence of provocation in light of the VLRC Homicide Report. Although the authors' main focus is on considering provocation in sentencing offenders...

Article

12 Mar 2008

This paper contemplates what the future holds for the protection of audiovisual works in China. It is meant to provide cultural and historical context to the copyright piracy epidemic in China, and, with that context in mind, realistically assess three policy directions from which the...

Commentary

Article

12 Mar 2008

The internet looks like becoming a single social networking platform, writes MARGARET SIMONS

JUST when you think you've got a handle on what the internet is or might be, it shifts. Those of us who have in middle life familiarised ourselves with Google...

Research report

11 Mar 2008

The Stolen Generations of Aboriginal Children Act 2006 was passed unanimously by both Houses of Parliament in Tasmania in November 2006. The act made provision for a $5 million fund to provide payments to eligible members of the stolen generations of Aborigines and their children....

Research report

11 Mar 2008

He has been banned from entering the United States, he's advised Scotland Yard, the British Government and the previous Australian Government. He is accused of doublespeak and terrorist links. What did Oxford based Muslim scholar, Tariq Ramadan, have to say to an international audience in...

Research report

11 Mar 2008

This report draws upon the latest research to examine giving trends by affluent individuals in Australia and how these compare with overseas counterparts. It is driven by several factors. Giving by individuals matters enormously to the nonprofit sector, far exceeding business donations. Whether the richest...

Briefing paper

11 Mar 2008

Fathers' roles have changed in recent years to include more care of their children. Services are, as a result, looking for ways to recruit and involve fathers. Incorporating fathers into established family-related services, however, has not proved to be straightforward. Everything from publicity, opening hours,...

Article

10 Mar 2008

Many supporters of the ABC felt relieved when a hostile conservative government was replaced by a social democratic one which claims to be friendly. Since the election, some have called for Howard government appointees to resign from the board and for the ABC to be...

Conference proceedings

10 Mar 2008

This conference was held at the University of Melbourne on 12-13 February 2008 and brought together researchers and practitioners in Australian politics, media and political communication for two days of presentations, debate and discussion. Conference papers covered political reporting from both a research and practitioner...

Research report

10 Mar 2008

Contributors to lower than expected morbidity and mortality are likely to include the nature of primary health care services, which provide regular outreach to outstation communities, as well as the decentralised mode of outstation living (with its attendant benefits for physical activity, diet and limited...

Research report

10 Mar 2008

Jane Castle argues that we can stop catastrophic climate change and maintain our standard of living by transforming how we do things, not just by changing what we do. This is what the respected McKinsey Report on the cost of greenhouse reductions for Australia tells...

Research report

10 Mar 2008

Many supporters of the ABC felt relieved when a hostile conservative government was replaced by a social democratic one which claims to be friendly. Since the election, some have called for Howard government appointees to resign from the board and for the ABC to be...

Research report

10 Mar 2008

This conference was held at the University of Melbourne on 12-13 February 2008 and brought together researchers and practitioners in Australian politics, media and political communication for two days of presentations, debate and discussion. Conference papers covered political reporting from both a research and practitioner...

Research report

10 Mar 2008

A handful of members and persons close to Jemaah Islamiyah (JI), Indonesia’s most prominent extremist organisation, have developed a profitable publishing consortium in and around the pesantren (religious school) founded by Abu Bakar Ba’asyir and Abdullah Sungkar in Solo, Central Java. The consortium has become...

Research report

27 Feb 2008

Intelligence is now at the forefront of our national security effort. Recent reforms have delivered more money and more people to the intelligence community but limited structural changes. This Policy Analysis, by Carl Ungerer, offers an assessment of the intelligence reform agenda and proposes some...

Research report

6 Mar 2008

The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is the first multinational security body outside the US orbit to emerge since the Cold War's end. This Policy Analysis, authored by John Lee, outlines the SCO's origins and development, analyses the group's internal dynamics and offers an Australian policy...

Research report

10 Mar 2008

Each year, QUT's The Australian Centre for Philanthropy and Nonprofit Studies (CPNS) collects and analyses statistics on the amount and extent of tax-deductible donations made and claimed by Australians in their individual income tax returns to deductible gift recipients (DGRs). The information presented in this...

Research report

10 Mar 2008

Family group conferences were first legislated for in New Zealand in 1989 and since that time have captured the imagination of professionals and academics with their capacity to involve families and communities in a collaborative approach to child welfare concerns. Child protection systems in Australia,...

Research report

10 Mar 2008

Every year in Australia, the suicides of thousands of individuals leave behind family members and friends to cope with the aftermath. The event of suicide is not uncommon; over 2,000 people died as a result of suicide in 2005, contributing significantly to mortality rates across...

Commentary

Article

7 Mar 2008

John Howard breached a wise convention in Washington, writes GEOFFREY BARKER.

JOHN HOWARD broke a wise and well-established American political rule when he used a speech in Washington to criticise the Rudd government’s Iraq and industrial relations policies.

In American political circles...

Submission

7 Mar 2008

After months of community consultations and refining of recommendations, RCOA has released its submission to the Australian Government on the 2008-09 Refugee and Humanitarian Program. The submission canvasses many issues, including the size and composition of the humanitarian intake, family reunion for refugees, employment issues,...

Research report

7 Mar 2008

Telecommunications today is ACMA's program of research, information collection and analysis into the availability and take up of communication services in Australia.

ACMA has an ongoing program of research, information collection and analysis in relation to the availability and take up of communication services...

Research report

7 Mar 2008

This information sheet gives an overview of copyright law as it applies to people who want to copy text, photos, sound recordings and videos they own, or who want to copy from radio or TV.

Article

6 Mar 2008

The problem of distressed properties in the wake of the slump in the US housing market and the sub-prime mortgage crisis has a parallel in cyberspace. Failing to maintain a wiki is like leaving an abandoned building unlocked and unguarded.

Research report

6 Mar 2008

The digitization of millions of books under programs such as Google Book Search and Microsoft Live Search Books is dramatically expanding our ability to search and find information. The aim of these large-scale projects?to make content accessible?is interwoven with the question of how one keeps...

Working paper

7 Mar 2008

In the context of recent government announcements about cultural education, Demos has issued a challenge to cultural professionals and educationalists to provide a new and coherent direction for creative learning and for encouraging creativity through culture.

Cultural organisations, the education sector and the...

Article

6 Mar 2008

Fleur Watson writes about the history and evolution of architecture exhibitions and the role of the curator.

Unlike any other cultural endeavour, architecture is powerfully and intrinsically linked to our everyday experience and our collective culture. It operates at all levels of society...

Article

6 Mar 2008

Since the mid 1990s archives have greatly expanded their online information and services, yet this is an area of archive development about which we know little. We do not know the range of online services, features and information available, how these vary between archives or...

Article

6 Mar 2008

Two of the biggest media companies in Brazil are currently involved in court cases that similarly raise the issue of freedom of speech and press even though the media finds itself on opposite sides of the issue in the two cases. The influential newspaper 'Folha...

Article

7 Mar 2008

'My corner of the Internet has been abuzz over a muckraking article that recently appeared in The Guardian on the subject of Facebook. Tom Hodgkinson, the highly principled slacker behind The Idler and author of How to Be Free, makes some familiar complaints: online friends...

Article

7 Mar 2008

Australian internet users are getting more internet use for the same money, according to this report, the most recent quarterly edition of the Spectrum / IIA Broadband Index. The average cost per gigabyte has dropped as plans have become more competitive. The average cost of...

Article

7 Mar 2008

This selection of material from IIA's 21 February annual dinner includes video streaming, image and transcripts from Justice Michael Kirby, Senator Stephen Conroy, IIA chair Domenic Carosa and Facebook adviser and former FTC commissioner, Mozelle Thompson.

Article

7 Mar 2008

What benefits would the Internet bring to the developing world? And what impact would the arrival of several billion new users have on the Internet as we know it today? OECD economist Sam Paltridge answers questions and answers from this online debate.

Article

6 Mar 2008

A look at the American public's news interests over the past year shows continuing differences between women and men in the types of news stories that they follow very closely. Women consistently express more interest than men in stories about weather, health and safety, natural...

Article

6 Mar 2008

According to the Pew Internet Project's December 2007 survey, 58% of adult Americans have used a cell phone or personal digital assistant (PDA) to do at least one of 10 mobile non-voice data activities, such as texting, emailing, taking a picture, looking for maps or...

Article

6 Mar 2008

Schools will be able to decide where to put computers and how they are used under the Rudd Government's $1 billion promise of a computer for every senior student.

Some might hand out laptops, others might use terminals that connect to a central...

Commentary

Article

6 Mar 2008

Collections, audiences, distribution and access will continue to be the central concerns, writes ANGELINA RUSSO

AT THE recent Social Media and Cultural Communication Conference in Sydney thirteen speakers from Australia, Britain, the United States and Canada gave their insights into the use, value...

Research report

6 Mar 2008

Erin Mackay outlines the impact of two recent domestic developments in Indigenous art; those developments being significant changes to both the permit system in the NT and to the Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) Program. These developments provide a further reminder that meaningful legal protection...

Research report

6 Mar 2008

This report investigates the ways in which playgroups in Greater Dandenong, a culturally diverse municipality in south-eastern Melbourne, can foster the inclusion of many community groups, and identifies barriers to playgroup attendance for parents and caregivers.

Research report

6 Mar 2008

This paper considers the challenges Indigenous women face in Australian democracy.

Research report

6 Mar 2008

Developing alternative justice models to address Aboriginal child sexual assault this report draws from the model of Hollow Water, Canada. This model was considered by the NSW Aboriginal Child Sexual Assault Taskforce.

Research report

6 Mar 2008

The State of Our Community Report 2007 is the basis from which the Stronger Communities Taskforce will advise the Tasmanian Minister for Community Development on first steps forward in making communities more inclusive by encouraging social and economic participation by all Tasmanians. It will also...

Research report

6 Mar 2008

This project examines the housing careers of Indigenous urban households and compares them with those of non-Indigenous households.

The research project elicits these differences by: understanding the influences, motivations, experiences, decisions, and choices made by Indigenous households in urban areas; identifying housing access issues...

Research report

6 Mar 2008

This compendium covers different types of recorded crimes, their place of occurrence, victim details, responses of criminal justice agencies, and government resources directed to deal with crime in Australia.

Research report

6 Mar 2008

As part of a global effort to fight mass-marketed consumer scams, each year consumer protection agencies in 33 western countries participate in a month of fraud prevention activities to raise awareness of the problem and to provide advice to consumers on how to avoid being...

Research report

6 Feb 2008

Carjacking literature is limited, and perceptions vary about the level of violence involved, diverse scenarios and the motivations of offenders. The media tends to over represent carjackings involving weapons and violence, although these are relatively rare incidents. This paper examines carjacking in Australia, the United...

Research report

15 Feb 2008

The aims of the study were to review trends in out-of-home care, both in the numbers of children being placed in different types of care in Australia and in the ways of organising and supporting such care that are emerging in different national and State...

Research report

6 Mar 2008

The past decade has seen profound cultural and policy change in relations between the government and non-government sectors. Influences such as new managerialism have reshaped traditional relations between these sectors as well as ushering in a mixed market in welfare services. Within Australia and internationally...

Research report

6 Mar 2008

The process evaluation reported here represents a subset of the National Evaluation of the SFCS and includes information from: demographic profiles; service mapping; service coordination survey and field work relating to partnership model and service coordination.

Commentary

Article

6 Mar 2008

New research dispels the idea that the housing market will eventually self-correct, write KATH HULSE and TERRY BURKE.

OWNING a place of your own has been an entrenched part of Australian culture since Federation but the Australian Dream seems increasingly unattainable. The latest...

Research report

5 Mar 2008

The 2007 election was only the sixth bringing a change of government since World War Two. It was also only the second time in Australian history that a prime minister lost his own seat. Interestingly, on both occasions the incumbent government was challenging the pillars...

Research report

5 Mar 2008

Papers from this conference are now available. Speakers were:

Associate Professor Graeme Orr, University of Queensland The Right to Vote in Australia: Roach v Electoral Commissioner

Dr Andrew Lynch and Professor George Williams, University of New South Wales The High Court on Constitutional...

Research report

5 Mar 2008

Lack of resourcing for public schools is fuelling a national teacher shortage according to this survey of first, second and third-year teachers. The results of the survey of more than 1700 new teachers showed that nearly half (47.9 per cent) do not see themselves teaching...

Research report

5 Mar 2008

Can Northern Territory fishers trawl coastal waters that lie within the boundaries of Aboriginal land, without the consent of traditional owners? That was the legal question tested in the High Court over two days in early December 2007. The answer, due later this year, will...

Research report

4 Mar 2008

In August 2007, 167 principals gathered in Shepparton, north-eastern Victoria, to participate in the first of twelve modules of leadership training, developed by the Hume Region of the Victorian Department of Education and Early Childhood Development. The training program, called the Common Curriculum, reaffirms principals...

Research report

4 Mar 2008

This submission to the Unsworth Inquiry does not oppose the privatisation, but takes issue with two propositions which appear to be presumed inmany discussions of the future of NSW’s electricity assets: that keeping the electricity industry in public hands will compromise the state’s AAA credit...

Research report

4 Mar 2008

All is not well with the domestic tourism industry, according to this report. Key symptoms include limited longer term growth with no sign of longer term pick up, declining share of wallet as a category and declining uptake by future sources of demand such as...

Research report

4 Mar 2008

This report estimates that Australia’s annual rate of growth over the next ten years will struggle to reach 3 per cent. The report is based on an analysis of developing trends in labour productivity and labour supply - the component parts of potential GDP....

Discussion paper

2 Mar 2008

Creative Commons is an alternative to traditional copyright, developed by a nonprofit organization of the same name. By default, most original works are protected by copyright, which confers specific rights regarding use and distribution. This paper explains current developments in creative commons and the implications...

Research report

2 Mar 2008

The ICT Literacy Report represents the findings from the first national assessment of the ICT literacy of Australian school students. It is the third to be published as part of the National Assessment Program (NAP), which includes a cyclical three-yearly program of sample assessments of...

Research report

15 Feb 2008

The Leading Australia's Schools Program is designed to provide significant, leading-edge professional learning for school principals, with particular though not exclusive priority given to those in the early years of the principalship. The Program design focuses on improving the knowledge and skills of Australia's school...