July 2008

Research report

31 Jul 2008

This submission to the federal government's Higher Education Review recommends a complete overhaul of the structure and financing model of tertiary education in Australia in order to increase participation in post secondary education and deepen the skills base of those already in the workforce. The...

Research report

31 Jul 2008

This study provides a comprehensive analysis of the cost- effectiveness of interventions to reduce the burden of harm associated with alcohol misuse in Australia. The key findings suggest that all the prevention interventions modelled are more cost-effective in reducing alcohol-related harm than those that treat...

Research report

31 Jul 2008

The internet is more highly valued by those with broadband connections and they use the internet for longer and for a greater variety of purposes according to this major survey of internet usage in Australia. This report presents findings from the first survey undertaken by...

Dataset

24 Apr 2008

The Internet Activity Survey collects details on aspects of Internet access services provided by Internet Service Providers in Australia. * The Internet Activity Survey (IAS) collects details on aspects of Internet access services provided by Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in Australia.

* This release...

Research report

30 Jul 2008

Leaders are learning like students, according to this report, funded by the Australian Learning and Teaching Council. The project surveyed more than 500 Australian higher education leaders from 20 institutions about the contexts and challenges they face and the key capabilities that underpin their work....

Research report

30 Jul 2008

Leaders are learning like students, according to this report, funded by the Australian Learning and Teaching Council. The project surveyed more than 500 Australian higher education leaders from 20 institutions about the contexts and challenges they face and the key capabilities that underpin their work....

Research report

30 Jul 2008

Engineers and engineering have been vital contributors to Australia's past and present prosperity and lifestyle. In the future, engineers will be called upon to help resolve water shortages, to improve the quality and environmental integrity of the built environment, to assist adaptation to cope with...

Research report

30 Jul 2008

The purpose of this paper is to outline a simple approach to more fully reflecting the costs of research in Australian universities, as a basis for discussion about how these costs should be met.

It is widely recognised that current research funding schemes to...

Research report

30 Jul 2008

Undertaken by a panel of experts led by Professor Gordon Stanley, this review was established to inform best practice for teaching numeracy and mathematics. The report makes 15 recommendations with a focus on:

• the need for early, systematic teaching of numeracy and mathematics...

Research report

30 Jul 2008

The role of the American alliance has long been so pivotal that any serious criticism of it is viewed as mischievous, even potentially dangerous. Critics are usually dismissed as either naïve or malevolent. It is almost as if the whole national security edifice could collapse...

Research report

30 Jul 2008

Australia eats too much and moves too little. But the solutions to the obesity crisis aren't simple. We need more evidence, less finger-pointing and strong leadership to get our obesity response into shape.

Article

30 Jul 2008

Many people are stuck between the high costs of home ownership and the insecurity of renting. A third option, residential leasehold title, could provide the best of both worlds for many households.

Research report

30 Jul 2008

This report identifies the characteristics of firms that cooperate, the business practices that support such cooperation, the type of training delivered jointly and the benefits that arise.

Research report

30 Jul 2008

Drawing on interviews with students in regional and rural areas of the Northern Territory, this paper looks at their participation in education and training. The paper suggests that learning strategies which acknowledge rural learners' identities may be successful in engaging regional and remote learners in...

Commentary

Article

29 Jul 2008

The merger of Queensland’s Liberals and Nationals could end in tears, writes BRIAN COSTAR.

NEARLY 100 years ago, on the eve of the merger of the Protectionist and Free Trade parties to create Australia’s first Liberal Party, Senator Billy Trenwith made a confession...

Commentary

Article

30 Jul 2008

YESTERDAY’S ministerial announcement of key changes in the processing of refugees and illegal entrants represents an important, if cautious, “row back” on the Howard government’s punitive immigration approach to unwanted migrants.

But does it really foreshadow a cultural shift in the actual implementation of...

Research report

30 Jul 2008

This report presents the findings of the closed environment testing of ISP-level filters conducted in 2008. The trial was conducted in response to a ministerial direction received in June 2007.This report to the Minister for Broadband Communications and the Digital Economy presents the findings of...

Article

30 Jul 2008

It is not unusual to find the computer you bought only a couple of years ago cannot handle the very latest software, but there could be an answer to the problem so long as you are connected to the internet.

The cloud is...

Article

30 Jul 2008

Western Australia?s public schools are gaining access to a new online teaching and learning system. The Schools Online Curriculum Services (SOCS) program, provided by the Department of Education and Training (DET), offers a content management and search system, a Web portal and curriculum information management...

Research report

29 Jul 2008

Conducted regularly since 1986 the census is the most comprehensive data available on Australian government approved and funded child care. It is used extensively for monitoring growth, operation of services and assisting in policy formulation and planning. The most recent Census was conducted in May...

Research report

29 Jul 2008

For the past 60 years the Adult Migrant English Program has been the main vehicle for newcomers to Australia from non-English speaking backgrounds to learn English. Over this period the labour market needs and the profiles of new arrivals has changed significantly. This discussion paper...

Research report

29 Jul 2008

Codes of practice and guidance material fulfil important roles in Australia and New Zealand under their respective regulatory regimes. The former provide greater certainty about what constitutes compliance and the latter provide broader advice. Yet notwithstanding their centrality to the success of OHS regulation, these...

Research report

29 Jul 2008

Australians born today live more than 20 years longer than their counterparts a century ago. This gain in our longevity has been achieved through a variety of incremental improvements in health and aged care expenditure, occupational safety, environmental interventions (in particular in relation to water...

Research report

29 Jul 2008

This briefing paper looks at the development of personal information privacy law in New South Wales. It examines the historical context in which privacy emerged as a significant concern that warranted statutory protection and regulation.

The paper commences by identifying the imprecise nature of...

Research report

29 Jul 2008

This report by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner and the Steering Committee for Indigenous Health Equality presents the outcomes from the National Indigenous Health Equality Summit, 18 – 20 March, 2008. On the final day, at the Great Hall, Parliament House,...

Research report

29 Jul 2008

Mark Valencia, a Maritime Policy Analyst and a Nautilus Institute Senior Associate, writes, "Like the many-headed mythical Hydra, when one South China Sea issue is supposedly solved more rise to take its place. As the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) convenes in Singapore it would do...

Statistics

28 Jul 2008

This snapshot presents an overview of the health expenditure of households in Australia, focusing on medical care and health costs.

This article is based mainly on data from the 2003–04 Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Household Expenditure Survey (HES) and the 2004–05 ABS National...

Research report

28 Jul 2008

This publication presents results from the 2006-07 Family Characteristics and Transitions Survey (FCTS) and compares them to results from the 2003 and 1997 Family Characteristics Surveys (FCS), providing information about changing patterns of family and household composition in contemporary Australia. Information on family transitions such...

Research report

28 Jul 2008

This report examines health literacy using information from the 2006 Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey (ALLS). The ALLS provides information on the knowledge and skills of 15 to 74 year olds in the following four domains: prose literacy, document literacy, numeracy and problem solving....

Research report

28 Jul 2008

Most research into child support is based on the experiences of residential mothers and children. The little we know about post-separation fathering often comes from mothers reports. This is problematic as many child support reforms focus on changing the behaviour of non-resident parents (usually fathers)...

Research report

28 Jul 2008

Produced annually, this journal publishes current research and analysis on a broad range of issues topical to Australia's social policy and its administration. The major articles in this edition are: Mortality of Children and Parental Disadvantage, by Peng Yu, and Benchmarking the Indigenous Sub-Sample of...

Research report

28 Jul 2008

Since the 1970s, women have formed a growing percentage of university graduates and more female graduates are entering high-level careers and moving into the senior ranks of their chosen careers. However, numerous studies from the English-speaking countries have found that women are more likely than...

Discussion paper

28 Jul 2008

This report discusses the key issues for addressing growing greenhouse gas emissions from freight transport. The report proposes actions for managing and reducing greenhouse gas emissions from freight transport over the longer term.

The paper has been developed to promote and inform the debate...

Research report

28 Jul 2008

This report includes recommendations about refugee access to tertiary education and training and is based on research conducted by ICEPA to identify best practice relating to issues faced by refugees in, or seeking access to, the tertiary education and training sector. The research project also...

Research report

28 Jul 2008

Following concerns raised about the exploitation of migrant workers, salary levels and English language requirements within the temporary skilled migration program, Barbara Deegan was asked to review Visa Subclass 457. This paper focuses on Minimum Salary Levels and Labour Agreements, and will provide the basis...

Research report

28 Jul 2008

In the Northern Territory, Australia, ballot papers for territory elections depict candidates’ photographs. The authors exploit this unusual electoral feature by looking at the effect that candidates’ beauty and skin color has on voting patterns. The results for beauty are mixed, but they find strong...

Research report

28 Jul 2008

Under Indonesia's anti-poverty program, IDT, the government provided selected poor villages with grants of the same value, regardless of population size. Exploiting the variation in per household grant value that is caused by this program design, the author estimates the returns to public grants, which...

Research report

28 Jul 2008

There are many myths around women working in non-traditional trade areas which are treated as fact and provide reasons for people to continue maintaining the status quo which prevents women entering these trades. These myths include beliefs that:

• All men currently engaged...

Research report

28 Jul 2008

This report explores attitudes and perceptions about library funding in order to evaluate the potential of a large-scale marketing and advocacy campaign to increase public library funding in the U.S.

Report

25 Jul 2008

The United Kingdom is more than just politics and government. An important part of it is made up of the cultural links between its four nations. It is this relationship that the author of this paper seeks to explore, using the media as a lens...

Research report

25 Jul 2008

Recent changes in the labour force participation rates of men and women give rise to new questions regarding the division of labour in Australian families. Over the last few decades we have seen a marked increase in the labour force participation rates of women and...

Transcript

25 Jul 2008

This paper from the AIFS Conference 2008 found that family-based carers in Australia have the lowest collective wellbeing of any group yet discovered in seven years of this project's study of the Australian population. This paper concerns the subjective wellbeing of family-based carers in Australia....

Research report

24 Jul 2008

Prosperity gains for Australian households between 2001 and 2006 in income and employment were largely offset by rapid increases in housing and other costs, according to this AMP.NATSEM Income and Wealth Report. Prosperity gains for Australian households between 2001 and 2006 in income and employment...

Research report

24 Jul 2008

Australian Social Trends 2008 is the 15th edition of an annual series that presents information on contemporary social issues and areas of public policy concern, and describes aspects of Australian society, and how these are changing over time. Australian Social Trends 2008 is the 15th...

Discussion paper

24 Jul 2008

This first Melbourne-specific report on the impacts of climate change is a blueprint for adapting to the inevitable impacts of climate change, which include rising sea levels, increasing temperatures, and more frequent extreme weather events. It recommends practical actions for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, particularly...

Commentary

Article

23 Jul 2008

Local government elections need to be transparent and fair, writes JOO-CHEONG THAM.

WITH council elections looming in New South Wales and, later in the year, Victoria, it’s a good time to reflect on three different tales played out in three local councils in...

Research report

24 Jul 2008

This report focuses on arts-in-education provision in Ireland and makes five key recommendations to improve such provision. Arts-in-education involves artists of all disciplines (theatre, dance, visual arts, literature, music, film etc) visiting schools to present work and to engage in both short and long-term projects...

Research report

23 Jul 2008

By amalgamating and optimising existing information, regional aviation data were collated for the first time into comprehensive time series statistics using a geographical approach. The report used the constructed database to showcase analyses on several aspects of the regional aviation industry over time. It provides...

Research report

23 Jul 2008

This report examines the nature and extent of potential impacts of climate change to the Western Port region of Victoria. The report’s focus is on the impacts of climate change on the built environment, the social and economic implications of the impacts and the vulnerability...

Research report

23 Jul 2008

• Child care is said to be a public good because it supposedly has developmental and academic benefits for children, and increases female labour-force participation and therefore economic growth. Numerous reports state unequivocally—but often without providing supporting evidence—that more women would work if child care...

Research report

23 Jul 2008

Over the five-year period 2000–01 to 2004–05, a total of at least 3,926 children and young people were hospitalised as the result of injuries sustained on farms. This briefing focuses on these cases. Life on a farm can present a range of hazards for children...

Research report

23 Jul 2008

This report presents national statistics on serious injury due to land transport accidents that resulted in admission to hospital in Australia during the one-year period 2005-06.

It focuses on road vehicle traffic crashes in particular, and examines variables such as mode of transport, gender,...

Research report

23 Jul 2008

In order to examine how the social benefits of internet access and use can be understood and harnessed in Australia, this paper explores the implications of adding two concepts to policy deliberations: social inclusion and social capital. Digital divide policies have been historically rooted within...

Article

23 Jul 2008

The Google book digitization project has caused something of a fervor, perhaps even a fire storm in the realm of intellectual property management. This issue is not solely for lawyers and academics; it can touch all of us in the information professions. On the one...

Research report

22 Jul 2008

Reforming pensions looms large over the policy agenda of OECD countries. This is hardly surprising since public spending on pensions accounted on average for 7 per cent of OECD GDP in 2005; and this pension spending effort is set to increase significantly over the coming...

Research report

22 Jul 2008

This release presents key indicators on the incidence of use of information technology and innovation in Australian business, as collected by the 2006-07 Business Characteristics Survey. One finding is that over 90% of businesses with Internet access use a broadband connection. This release presents key...

Research report

22 Jul 2008

This publication presents national crime statistics relating to victims of a selected range of offences that have been recorded by police. These statistics provide indicators of the level and nature of recorded crime victimisation in Australia and a basis for measuring change over time. As...

Research report

22 Jul 2008

This issue contains estimates of the resident population of Australian states and territories as at 30 June of each reference year. Estimates up to 2006 are final, based on the results of the 2006 Census of Population and Housing, and 2007 estimates are preliminary....

Research report

22 Jul 2008

How do apprentice numbers in the trades respond to changes in labour market conditions? This paper finds that some trade apprenticeships are particularly sensitive to labour market conditions; that historical relationships between apprenticeship numbers and the labour market have broken down in the last ten...

Research report

22 Jul 2008

The formation and maintenance of social partnerships depends on five key principles relating to: purposes and goals; relations with partners; capacity for partnership work; governance and leadership; and trust and trustworthiness. Using four case studies, this report assesses how these principles and practices can be...

Research report

22 Jul 2008

This report is the first of an ongoing series of status reports on the native title system and focuses primarily on the progress of native title claimant applications.

Research report

22 Jul 2008

The issue of public service responsiveness to ministers has been described as a ‘hardy perennial’ of public service ethics. Too much responsiveness implies a public service that has become compliant to the point of subordinating its professional integrity to the political needs of ministers. Too...

Research report

22 Jul 2008

This review of the operation of two copyright exceptions that permit 'format-shifting' recommends that no change is made to the legal position but that public education material should be reviewed.The Attorney-General's Department has carried out a review of the operation of two copyright exceptions that...

Dataset

28 May 2008

This publication presents results for the 2006-07 reference year from surveys conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) of businesses/organisations primarily involved in performing arts operation or performing arts venue operation.

Dataset

22 Aug 2008

This release presents key indicators on the incidence of use of information technology and innovation in Australian business, as collected by the 2006-07 Business Characteristics Survey. One finding is that over 90% of businesses with Internet access use a broadband connection. This release presents key...

Research report

21 Jul 2008

ACMA has approved an industry code of practice to protect children from unsuitable online and mobile phone content.The Australian Communications and Media Authority has approved the Content Services Code, an industry code of practice for providers of online and mobile phone content developed by the...

Research report

22 Jul 2008

In this report on the take up of broadband access services on Telstra's copper network the ACCC provides, for the first time, details of the take up of these broadband access services between metropolitan, regional and rural areas. The data shows three quarters of these...

Essay

21 Jul 2008

The following essay provides background information on the problems of freedom and network services, outlining the rise of free software, the rise of the web app and considers where freedom stands.

This essay, posted on 16 July, is part of an ongoing series...

Research report

21 Jul 2008

The Mayors' Institute on City design is one of the Endowment's most-heralded yet little-known programs. This 24-page brochure provides a thorough overview of the Institute, including an overview by founder Joe Riley, an urban case study, testimonials from program alumni, and a listing of all...

Essay

21 Jul 2008

Web search is critical to our ability to use the Internet. Whoever controls search engines has enormous influence on all of us. They can shape what we read, who we listen to, who gets heard. Whoever controls the search engines, perhaps, controls the Internet itself....

Research report

21 Jul 2008

This report provides an assessment of regional employment dynamics and future labour demand in the Great Southern, South West, and Wheatbelt regions. More specifically, the report:

* Examines the demographic and economic dynamics driving regional labour markets;

* Analyses the changing structure of...

Research report

21 Jul 2008

The concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is generally understood to mean that corporations have a degree of responsibility not only for the economic consequences of their activities, but also for the social and environmental implications. This is sometimes referred to as a ‘triple bottom...

Research report

21 Jul 2008

Aboriginal Services Plan Key Indicators 2006/07 is the sixth report by the Department of Human Services (DHS) against the Aboriginal Services Plan1 2004. The Plan outlines the department’s commitment to improve the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal Victorians by better focusing resources and working in...

Research report

21 Jul 2008

A person who is homeless may face violations of the right to an adequate standard of living, the right to education, the right to liberty and security of the person, the right to privacy, the right to social security, the right to freedom from discrimination,...

Research report

21 Jul 2008

There has been a significant amount of literature on the relationship between household income and children’s health, and in particular, whether this relationship is constant as a child ages. That is, are there breaks in the income-health profile according to the age of the child?...

Research report

21 Jul 2008

This report compares infection-related mortality rates and pathogens isolated for Indigenous and non-Indigenous adult patients at Alice Springs Hospital - ASH. It finds that Indigenous patients at ASH are 11 times more likely than non-Indigenous patients to die with an infectious disease. This racial disparity...

Research report

21 Jul 2008

This report argues for strengthened efforts to prevent head injury generally, with special attention to high-risk population segments.Indigenous people, particularly women, were disproportionately represented among those hospitalised for head injury due to assault. Head injury imposes a substantial burden of care on individuals and communities....

Research report

21 Jul 2008

The National health data dictionary (the NHDD) is a national resource which health jurisdictions use to ensure the consistency and comparability of all data collected under the National Health Information Agreement. The National health data dictionary (the NHDD) is a national resource which health jurisdictions...

Research report

21 Jul 2008

The National community services data dictionary contains definitions and value domains that are endorsed as national standards for use by those collecting community services data in Australia. The National community services data dictionary (the NCSDD) is a national resource which community services authorities use to...

Research report

21 Jul 2008

A good safety record is a judgement of past performance and does not guarantee the future, although it is a useful indicator. In 2000, it was demonstrated that even highly reputable operators are not fail safe, with the crash of an Air France Concorde at...

Commentary

Article

21 Jul 2008

A program to help avoid medication problems is being held back by a lack of coordination, write LESLEY RUSSELL and ANNE-MARIE BOXALL.

MEDICINES are meant to keep you healthy and out of hospital. But each year in Australia the mismanagement of medicines causes...

Commentary

Article

21 Jul 2008

Apologising is being leached of significance and meaning, writes GEOFFREY BARKER.

WE LIVE in an age of apology and it is a puzzling phenomenon. Mass and individual acts of public contrition and remorse have become part of the background music of life. Prime...

Research report

18 Jul 2008

The National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction (NCETA) was commissioned by the Australian National Council on Drugs (ANCD) in March 2007 to undertake an independent, comprehensive and critical examination of all relevant issues involved in drug detection and screening in the...

Research report

18 Jul 2008

This report was produced by the National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction (NCETA) at Flinders University. It comprises a comprehensive literature review addressing a wide range of social and cultural factors that potentially impact on young Australians aged 14- 24 in relation to...

Research report

18 Jul 2008

Sydney’s water supply is under great pressure as the demand continues to rise. Demand mitigation strategies have had some success, but domestic consumption remains high. This paper discusses the attitudes of households to their water consumption in a search for ways in which domestic demand...

Research report

18 Jul 2008

Leaders need to be treated like students, according to a recent study of higher education leaders from around the country.

The Learning Leaders in Times of Change survey, funded by the Australian Learning and Teaching Council, is a joint project of the Australian Council...

Commentary

Article

17 Jul 2008

Labor members want to repeal the Howard government's electoral law changes. Coalition members want to retain them. It's time for a circuit-breaker, writes PETER BRENT.

THE Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters was initiated by the Hawke Labor government in 1983 and, to...

Dataset

16 Jul 2008

The Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications (ACLC) are part of the commitment of the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) to develop national standards for culture and leisure information. They comprise three separate classifications, covering culture and leisure related industries, products and occupations.

The classifications...

Research report

18 Jul 2008

Leaders need to be treated like students, according to a recent study of higher education leaders from around the country.

The Learning Leaders in Times of Change survey, funded by the Australian Learning and Teaching Council, is a joint project of the Australian Council...

Research report

18 Jul 2008

This report presents a comprehensive list of relevant websites and databases collated from the work of several international projects on illicit drug use. Grey literature is material that is not formally published by commercial publishers or peer reviewed journals. It includes reports, fact sheets, conference...

Research report

18 Jul 2008

Broadband plays a critical role in the workings of the economy and society. It connects consumers, businesses, and governments and facilitates social interaction. Hence, broadband policies are now a vital instrument to ensure the competitiveness of OECD countries and to address pressing societal concerns....

Research report

18 Jul 2008

Improving the ability of consumers to choose between competing suppliers is important for well functioning markets. The report examines how to increase market flexibility for consumers in communication services, and improve access to information.

This report was prepared by Dr Patrick Xavier, Faculty...

Research report

17 Jul 2008

The Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme Green Paper canvasses options and preferred approaches on issues, such as which industry sectors will be covered and how emission caps will be set. It also includes ways to address the impacts on Australian households, emissions-intensive trade-exposed industries and other...

Discussion paper

17 Jul 2008

In a time when governments are running up enormous welfare bills and intrusively regulating everyday life, this series of essays reminds us that many people do not need to rely on the government to survive.In a time when governments are running up enormous welfare bills...

Research report

17 Jul 2008

What do broadcasters need to do to protect and reinforce their position in the value chain? Today, existing and to-be players are weighing the costs and benefits of investing significant dollars into new digital channels distributed over old fashioned broadcast networks. For all the hype...

Article

17 Jul 2008

The internet has been used extensively for US presidential election campaigns since the year 2000. In 2004, internet campaigning grew to be more interactive than in previous years. The question of whether or not the internet is making a difference in political outcomes has become...

Blog post

17 Jul 2008

NPR recently reported that Morocco?s state-run TV stations have taken a big hit as an increasing number of Moroccan youths prefer to get their news, especially on controversial issues, through online video-sharing networks such as YouTube and Daily Motion. A major reason for this increasing...

Research report

16 Jul 2008

This year’s RBA conference examined the financial market turmoil of 2007 and 2008 and the lessons that can be drawn for policy makers across a number of dimensions. The papers and discussions looked at the factors leading to the global financial market turmoil and its...

Research report

16 Jul 2008

This report sets the context for suicide prevention activity, summarising current research, evidence and statistics relating to suicide and suicide prevention in Australia. It includes material on suicide risk and protective factors for suicide, suicide trends and comparisons, evidence of what works in suicide prevention...

Research report

16 Jul 2008

While previous terms of trade booms have tended to be short lived, there are reasons to believe that the current boom could be more enduring. This paper considers the implications for the Australian economy in the event that recent rises in the terms of trade...

Research report

16 Jul 2008

Produced for the Research Advisory Council (RAC) of the Standing Committee on Immigration and Multicultural Affairs, this guide presents government and non-government initiatives inhealth, education, employment, law and community harmony as well as those focusing on youth, family and women.

The guide is intended...

Research report

16 Jul 2008

The pedagogy of the Australian PhD has not been well theorised to date. Most published material has focussed on managing the supervision process rather than on the learning of candidates. The transmission of knowledge is essentially textual, but while attention has been focussed on the...

Article

15 Jul 2008

The Web Curator Tool is an open-source tool for managing selective web archiving developed as a joint project between the National Library of New Zealand and the British Library. It has now been in everyday use at the National Library of New Zealand since January...

Article

15 Jul 2008

This article presents the methodology and initial results from qualitative research into the usage and communication of digital information. It considers the motivation for the research and the methodologies adopted, including Contextual Design and Cultural Probes. The article describes the preliminary studies conducted to test...

Book review

16 Jul 2008

If anything, the book is rather too enthusiastic in its drive to promote Web 2.0, as contrary to the frequent hyperbole, few if any substantive research studies on the effects of Web 2.0 have yet been published. The frequent references to the ?transformative? and ?revolutionary?...

Journal article

16 Jul 2008

The pedagogy of the Australian PhD has not been well theorised to date. Most published material has focussed on managing the supervision process rather than on the learning of candidates. The transmission of knowledge is essentially textual, but while attention has been focussed on the...

Research report

15 Jul 2008

ACOSS's submission to the Fair Pay Commission calls for a substantial rise in minimum wages to help ease financial pressures on low paid workers from rising rents, food and fuel prices. It argues that the financial security of low paid households rests on three pillars:...

Research report

15 Jul 2008

ACOSS's submission to Ministers on the National Mental Health and Disability Employment Strategy deals with the causes of poor employment outcomes for people with disabilities (less than 40% of people with disabilities are employed with little progress made over the last 15 years) and policy...

Research report

15 Jul 2008

Nic Maclellan of the Nautilus Institute at RMIT writes that a recently revealed United States request to the Australian government in the early 1960s to allow nerve gas testing in Queensland "was part of a much wider program of testing chemical and biological weapons during...

Research report

15 Jul 2008

This Policy Analysis explores the broad issue of nuclear weapons and their role in the international security environment. It is a complicated issue, and has been for over sixty years. Within the space of a month in the second half of 1945, the United States...

Research report

15 Jul 2008

Make Poverty History have released a report outlining why we should keep climate change below 2 degrees (compared with preindustrial temperatures), what Australia's target should be, what our responsibilities as a wealthy developed country are in providing funding for adaptation and technology transfer to developing...

Research report

15 Jul 2008

PIAC has made a submission to the Productivity Commission Inquiry into Paid Maternity, Paternity and Parental leave. PIAC strongly supports the introduction of a national scheme of paid leave for parents. It is in the public interest for working families to be able to access...

Research report

15 Jul 2008

Jock Given from the Institute for Social Research at Swinburne University draws four conclusions from the most recent data about broadband takeup in Australia and overseas.

First, performance shouldn’t be judged against a single criterion or against the same criteria over time. Second,...

Research report

15 Jul 2008

This paper makes two arguments; first, that progressive parties cannot afford to be neutral about the role of organised labour and second, that a determined effort must be made to improve workplace employment relations, by encouraging effective employer-union co-operation. It may have struck you already...

Research report

15 Jul 2008

The goal of this short paper is to explain why labour parties must rethink their approach to the place that work has in all our lives – and in a wider progressive narrative. Of course, the focus of the Australian conversation in recent times has...

Research report

15 Jul 2008

This report applies a full-cost economics approach to climate change adaptation, using the aluminium industry as a case study to illustrate the complexity of the policy challenge. The report examines the positive value of jobs within the upstream aluminium industry, and the negative value of...

Research report

15 Jul 2008

This research discusses the 20 per cent of income support recipients who experience disruption and others changes in housing tenure over time.

Most income support recipients have high levels of tenure stability. Less than 20 per cent experience multiple and complex tenure transitions. Changes...

Research report

15 Jul 2008

This research examines this international practice in planning for housing affordability in general and affordable housing in particular using examples from the United Kingdom and the United States, as well as Ireland, Canada and the Netherlands.This research examines this international practice in planning for housing...

Research report

15 Jul 2008

Much media commentary has focussed on the political difficulties expected to be faced by the governments of Indonesia and Timor Leste as a result of the coming release of the final Commission of Truth and Friendship report, especially in the light of the complete failure...

Research report

15 Jul 2008

The Government of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has demonstrated a strong commitment to conserve energy, resources, ecology and the environment; and enhance institutional capacities for sustainable development. It has also emphasized the intent to adopt fiscal and taxation systems that are conducive to...

Research report

15 Jul 2008

As Asia grows and prospers, its economies are increasingly vital to each other — and to the world. This study highlights what is at stake the emerging Asian regionalism and lays out the ground for further discussion on how to move forward.As Asia grows and...

Research report

14 Jul 2008

This issues paper addresses the following three questions: * First, what lessons can be learned from mechanisms for representing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples at the national, State/ Territory or regional level that have previously existed or that are currently in place? * Second,...

Research report

14 Jul 2008

Australia's energy productivity lags behind other developed countries across many sectors of the economy and that there are significant opportunities to save energy and cut costs with a comprehensive energy efficiency strategy, according to this report. The report shows that in many sectors of the...

Research report

14 Jul 2008

In a recent survey conducted by the respected Indonesian Journal, Tempo, Indonesian respondents cited uncertainties regarding security in everyday life as their major concern, ahead of worries about terrorism. An important part of this concern is the growing influence of infosecurity groups and various forms...

Research report

14 Jul 2008

An Indonesian government decree restricting activities of the Ahmadiyah sect demonstrates how hardline Islamic groups, which have little political support, have been able to use classic civil society advocacy techniques to influence government policy, according to this briefing, which examines the factors leading to government...

Research report

14 Jul 2008

This study explores how industry in regional areas addresses skill needs realistically and economically. Labour shortages are far more crucial to industry than skill issues. The study found that enterprises, when they train, use in-house and private registered training organisations to supplement provision by technical...

Research report

14 Jul 2008

Ten reports from this research program are now available. The program investigated future work skill needs and work organisation arrangements, and their implications for vocational education and training (VET). Included in this latest release is a summary which draws together the key points.

Research report

Research into the impact of travel costs on new Special Humanitarian entrants and their proposers
14 Jul 2008

Many new Special Humanitarian Program (SHP) arrivals are living in poverty as they try to repay the cost of their travel to Australia, according to this report. Many SHP proposers were forced to arrange loans to cover travel costs through informal networks, leaving the new...

Research report

14 Jul 2008

An "ethnography" focusing on the news consumption habits of young digital consumers in six cities around the world. An "ethnography" focusing on the news consumption habits of young digital consumers in six cities around the world.

People in the study were able to articulate...

Research report

13 Jul 2008

This report considers the social impacts of changing Australia's transport fuel mix; the role of governments, consumers and industry in shaping a response; the role of technology and travel preferences; and the role of cities in Australia's transport fuel future.

The report was compiled...

Research report

13 Jul 2008

The Rio Tinto Child Health Partnership was developed to deliver improvements in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander child and maternal health through the delivery of three projects:

* modelling the WA Aboriginal Child Health Survey for the Northern Territory and Queensland * national foetal...

Research report

1 Dec 2001

This 2001 report explores the use of the Internet by same sex attracted young people (SSAY). Internet access is increasing in Australian homes at a rapid rate, with more than 75% of young people under the age of 18 years accessing the Net in 1999....

Research report

11 Jul 2008

Never has it been so easy for charity leaders to speak to the world. Online journals, known as blogs, enable them to bypass traditional media and give their unedited views to donors and beneficiaries alike. But do they make the most of the opportunity?...

Guide

10 Jul 2008

Remixes, mashups, fan tributes and other creative work burgeoning in online video often use copyrighted material without permission or payment. When is it fair to do so? This code focuses on the still-evolving world of online video, and will help to protect creators from automatic...

Book

10 Jul 2008

Enterprise is all too often associated with making money. Yet, there is so much more to it: enterprise is about creating a culture of initiative, creativity, risk-taking amongst young people and adults. This collection of essays looks at how this can be achieved.

Britain...

Article

10 Jul 2008

This article discusses a new crop of artist-turned-entrepreneurs who forgo the gallery system by starting their own businesses.This article a new crop of artist-turned-entrepreneurs who forgo the gallery system by starting their own businesses. These artists create products -- prints, T-shirts, stationery -- to sell...

Journal article

10 Jul 2008

Although research has urged scholars and practitioners to develop the internet as a democratic tool, little research has examined how users actually use the internet and how the internet is conceptualized by those who create its content ? particularly in the non?profit sector where questions...

Journal article

10 Jul 2008

This paper analyzes the university as an Internet intermediary in the current climate of online distance education, classifies the stakeholders associated with the university in Web course management, and explores the need for an "Instructional Design Copyright Law". The situation is likened to a theatrical...

Journal article

10 Jul 2008

Understanding the qualitative differences between the sets of results from different search engines can be a difficult task. How many links must you follow from each list before you can reach a conclusion? We describe a user interface that allows users to quickly identify the...

Article

10 Jul 2008

Today in America, tens of thousands of philanthropic foundations finance social change and, in the year 2000 alone, these foundations distributed $26.7 billion worth of grants. To date, while scholarly attention has been paid to the role of right-wing foundations in promoting a neoliberal media...

Commentary

Article

10 Jul 2008

JOHN QUIGGIN spells out the arguments for tradeable emissions permits.

NOW that nearly everyone is agreed on the need for a market-based policy instrument to reduce CO2 emissions, the biggest unresolved question is whether to implement carbon taxes, tradeable emissions permits or some...

Commentary

Article

10 Jul 2008

The new Murray-Darling management structure is set to fail, writes JACK WATERFORD.

EVERYONE “knows” why the Murray-Darling river management has been such a mess. The basin runs through four states and a territory, each with its own local interests, not least in irrigation...

Research report

10 Jul 2008

Elizabeth Proust was commissioned earlier this year to examine the extent to which the minister should make personal decisions and whether alternative arrangements could be pursued. She makes six recommendations focusing on immediate steps to manage the current processes as well as identifying possible changes...

Research report

10 Jul 2008

Executive summary This paper discusses the contribution that the arts, humanities and social sciences can make to innovation systems and innovation policy by embedding design and creative practice in innovation.

Innovation policy is a major economic development strategy - a strategy that is...

Research report

10 Jul 2008

The falling fertility rate in Australia, as in other developed countries, has been the focus of much policy and research interest for some years, particularly in relation to the contribution this makes to an ageing population and the implications of these population changes for intergenerational...

Research report

10 Jul 2008

The Australian Government commissioned the Bureau of Meteorology and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) to undertake a climatic assessment of the likely future climate patterns and the current Exceptional Circumstances standard of a one-in-20-to-25-year-event.

Commentary

Article

9 Jul 2008

We will soon see evidence of how the Rudd government sees the High Court, writes GEORGE WILLIAMS, but any change in the court’s decisionmaking might not be evident for years.

KEVIN RUDD will soon announce the most important appointment he will make as...

Research report

9 Jul 2008

The mining, defence and other major projects that are underway or in the pipeline mean that South Australia is on the cusp of a new growth path. Effectively South Australia has the opportunity to achieve a paradigm shift to a new higher rate of sustained...

Research report

9 Jul 2008

Australia's 56 regional natural resource management (NRM) bodies are at the front line of tackling sustainability challenges on the ground.

Regional NRM bodies operate at a catchment or landscape scale, across industries, property boundaries and land tenures. They bring diverse stakeholders together to...

Research report

9 Jul 2008

In this policy monograph Policy Analyst Sara Hudson argues that it is time to abandon the misguided notion that CDEP ‘helps’ Indigenous people and acknowledge that CDEP masks the real level of Indigenous unemployment and hides the crisis in Indigenous education.

“If the...

Research report

9 Jul 2009

It is well-known that pathways through the lifecourse have changed in recent years. People are marrying later, having fewer children, living together in cohabiting relationships, separating and divorcing more frequently. These changes have consequences for understanding the organisation of domestic work. Although much previous work...

Research report

9 Jul 2008

This paper presents the case for a single national health insurer to replace the 38 private insurers now operating in the market. Although there would be scale economies, primarily in administration costs, in a single national insurer, such savings would be modest. The case for...

Research report

8 Jul 2008

This paper aims to obtain a better understanding of marriage breakdown in the Australian context, with a particular focus on gender differences in the social correlates of marriage breakdown. It analyses retrospective data from all persons who were currently or had been previously married at...

Research report

8 Jul 2008

Using Wave 1 of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) dataset, this paper examines parenting styles and family functioning; factors influencing parents' feelings and perceptions about the way they parent their children; the roles and contributions of parents who do not live with their...

Research report

8 Jul 2008

The water market rules form a key component of the Water Act 2007, which creates new institutional and governance arrangements to address the sustainability and management of water resources in the Murray-Darling Basin. The rules will ensure that policies or administrative requirements of operators of...

Research report

8 Jul 2008

Economy-wide benefits would flow from further reductions in the relatively high tariffs on textile, clothing and footware imports, according to this report. Assistance reductions would involve some further contraction of the TCF sector, but this would be outweighed by expansion of other industries resulting from...

Research report

8 Jul 2008

The sub-prime crisis shows that it is not enough for Australia to regulate its own financial system well, according to this paper. It is also in Australia’s interests to work towards forms of global coordination, global monitoring and global crisis response which lessen the frequency...

Research report

8 Jul 2008

It is nine years since the last referendum was held to amend the Australian Constitution, and it is over 30 years since there was a successful referendum to amend Australia’s Constitution. The present decade may be the first since Federation during which there is no...

Research report

8 Jul 2008

Retirement income and superannuation have been significant themes for the federal government since Federation. In common with other countries Australia’s retirement income system has three component parts or pillars as they are known. The social security Age Pension is its foundation. The compulsory superannuation contributions...

Research report

8 Jul 2008

Much research about child poverty and disadvantage provides national estimates of child wellbeing, due to the ready availability of microdata at the national level. However, an increasing body of evidence suggests that there can be major differences in well-being between children living in...

Research report

8 Jul 2008

Increasingly in the child protection sector, governments and leaders in the field are talking about the need for "evidence-based" or "evidence-informed" policy and practice. But what does this mean; and how relevant is "evidence-based" policy and practice to those professionals at the coal-face working with...

Research report

8 Jul 2008

Maternal employment rates are lowest in the first year of a child's life, as women leave or take a break from employment to care for an infant. Within this first year, however, there is considerable variation of maternal employment rates as some women make their...

Research report

4 Jul 2008

This report examines the causes of homelessness and the reasons why people remain homeless. It is based on interviews with some of the most marginalised in our community, who were asked about the factors that had driven them to homelessness and what measures would improve...

Research report

8 Jul 2008

Australia's military capability edge in the Asian region has been facilitated by a relative economic advantage that is now eroding.

Asian militaries are now expanding and acquiring sophisticated capabilities. This paper examines the drivers of this trend and looks at the implications for Australia....

Research report

8 Jul 2008

This report is the result of a review by the Attorney-General's Department into 'format shifting' and two new copyright exceptions to permit photographs and cinematograph films to be reproduced in a different format for private use, subject to certain conditions.In January 2008, the Attorney-General asked...

Guide

8 Jul 2008

ACMA has developed new Community broadcasting sponsorship guidelines to assist the community broadcasting licensees to understand their responsibilities.

Research report

8 Jul 2008

Adoption stalls for low-income Americans even as many broadband users opt for premium services that give them more speed. Some 55% of all adult Americans now have a high-speed internet connection at home.

The percentage of Americans with broadband at home has grown from...

Research report

8 Jul 2008

Teens write a lot, but they do not think of their emails, instant and text messages as writing. This disconnect matters because teens believe good writing is an essential skill for success and that more writing instruction at school would help them.

Teenagers? lives...

Commentary

Article

8 May 2008

A Fairer Victoria 2008, launched by the Premier on 8 May, continues the commitment to strong people and strong communities, investing over $1 billion across a range of initiatives.

A Fairer Victoria is a whole of Government social policy action plan to address disadvantage...

Research report

5 Jul 2008

Australians are facing risks of damaging climate change. Without strong and early action by Australia and all major economies we are likely to face severe and costly impacts on Australia’s prosperity and enjoyment of life, according to the Garnaut Climate Change Review’s Draft Report, released...

Research report

5 Jul 2008

Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug in Australia. The community’s views about cannabis use are divided. There is a range of approaches to drug law enforcement regarding minor possession and personal use of cannabis. Surveys of police detainees and those incarcerated show that...

Research report

5 Jul 2008

Sustained media attention combined with high-profile incidents, have prompted the view among the Australian public that violent crime is increasing. Trends in violent crime reported to police since the early 1990s however, reveal a mixed story.

Research report

5 Jul 2008

This paper discusses what can be learned from traditional crime prevention to reduce and prevent environmental harm. It underlines how a problem-solving approach involves tailoring interventions and strategies based on the source and type of harm, and according to place, scale and the perceived threat....

Research report

5 Jul 2008

This study examined juveniles' contact with the police and courts, and the differences in conferencing and cautioning rates for Indigenous and non-Indigenous offenders in New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia in 2005. Indigenous young offenders were more likely than non-Indigenous offenders to be...

Research report

5 Jul 2008

This review looks at women’s sexual health and sexuality as dynamic and changing throughout life. It identifies some of the social aspects of sexual health and sexuality that impact on and influence women and men’s behaviours. Addressing these social determinants can decrease risk behaviour and...

Research report

5 Jul 2008

This report provides a detailed analysis of data about violence in the community and in families from the Australian Bureau of Statistics', Personal Safety Survey of 2005 and the Women's Safety Survey from 2006.

The Personal Safety Survey (PSS) was conducted by the Australian...

Discussion paper

4 Jul 2008

Many secure systems rely on a 'human in the loop' to perform security-critical functions. However, humans often fail in their security roles. Whenever possible, secure system designers should find ways of keeping humans out of the loop. However, there are some tasks for which feasible...

Literature review

15 Mar 2010

This review examines the development of arts education and its relationship to the concept of creativity. Its aim is to provide a review of some of the key literature which explores arts education, its traditions and distinct subject issues, and how these either differ or...

Article

3 Jul 2008

This account takes a sixty year trip from 'The Culture Industry', through the 'cultural industries', ending at the 'creative industries'. Its main theme is the tension between culture and economics which lie at the heart of this terminology. This is not simply a question of...

Article

4 Jul 2008

By far the leading service within the burgeoning trend of microblogging, Twitter, launched in 2006, presents a new way to communicate online, opening up new opportunities for users to foster community, test new ideas, share resources, keep updated, and just socialize.

Want to...

Commentary

Article

2 Jul 2008

Massive swings against Labor? Well, not really, writes BRIAN COSTAR.

FEDERAL and state by-elections in Australia are like the coconut shy at the county fair - everyone wins a prize, or can convince themselves that they have.

That said, the responses to...

Article

3 Jul 2008

Three noted thinkers on the changing nature of media and its consumers: MIT's Henry Jenkins, Mark Deuze from Leiden University in the Netherlands and Australia's John Hartley, Research Director of the ARC Centre of Excellence in Creative Industries and Innovation.

Research report

2 Jul 2008

"Ever since June 3rd, visitors to 56.com, one of China's video sharing 'YouTube clones,' have been unable to access any other part of the site, other than this message below claiming that the site is undergoing 'maintenance' and a 'major upgrade:'...Due to the vast quantity...

Research report

2 Jul 2008

Emission trading will begin in Australia from 2010. While the design features of the scheme are yet to be finalised, whatever scheme is introduced will lead to higher energy prices. This paper assesses the likely impact of higher energy prices on a range of different...

Research report

2 Jul 2008

The rate of new cases of Type 1 diabetes in children has been increasing in Australia. This bulletin presents the latest available (up to 2006) national data on new cases of Type 1 diabetes for all ages from Australia's National Diabetes Register.Type 1 diabetes is...

Research report

2 Jul 2008

This report presents a broad overview of regional security architectures and a guide for Australian policy makers on how to advance Australia's national interest in the coming years. The suggestions include how Australia's engagement with Asia must continue to mesh with its engagement with the...

Research report

2 Jul 2008

The Rudd government has based its $220 million GP Super Clinics and preventive health policy on the prevailing assumption that more spending on preventive care will tackle obesity, lower chronic disease rates, and reduce health costs. 'But,' Sammut says, 'GP Super Clinics threaten to accentuate,...

Discussion paper

2 Jul 2008

The Northern Territory (NT) Government is committed to play a role in the national and international effort to tackle climate change. At the same time, it will try to ensure that the living standards of Territorians are maintained and that the economy's strong growth continues....

Blog post

1 Jul 2008

Google Book Search has inspired passionate feelings and responses from many people since Google announced the project. Some, like Larry Lessig, view its scanning and indexing of copyrighted books as a legitimate activity under Fair Use. Others, like Siva Vaidhyanathan, are more skeptical of Google...

Research report

1 May 2008

INTRODUCTION

Recent reports indicate that social policy in developed countries has seen positive results in well - child health and safety, child material security, education and socialisation (UNICEF, 2007) . In countries where child health is supported by policy, children have relatively high...

Research report

1 Jul 2008

This study provides a first assessment of the cost-effectiveness of homelessness programs operating in Australia. Homelessness prevention and support programs provide support to those who are homeless, those escaping domestic violence and those who are at risk of becoming homeless.

The study utilises findings...

Commentary

Article

1 Jul 2008

South Australia can thrive if it rises to the challenge of climate change, writes JOHN SPOEHR.

NOT since the postwar economic boom have we witnessed a period of economic growth as persistent as the current one. The economic numbers that have flowed from...

Research report

30 Jun 2008

Full results of the third and final ACMA national survey into the household adoption of digital free-to-air television conducted in late 2007, together with an exploratory study of community attitudes to digital television.The report provides the full results of the third and final ACMA national...

Research report

1 Jul 2008

Journalism is more or less divided into two camps, which Alissa Quart calls Lost Media and Found Media. One of these camps has lost confidence in itself.

Survey

27 Jun 2008

An EU-wide survey of 27,000 households has revealed the emergence of new consumption patterns in telecoms services in Europe. Technological progress and competition have brought more choice to European consumers; 24% of households have given up their fixed telephone in favour of mobile phones while...

Research report

1 Jul 2008

Consumer options for consuming creative content in digital form, such as music, movies, books, and television shows, have increased significantly with the development of the Internet. Entrants into the distribution stage of production have developed new business models to deliver digital content in general and...

Research report

1 Jul 2008

# The Black Label: Trade Mark Dilution, Culture Jamming and the No Logo Movement Matthew Rimmer, pp.70-138 | HTML | DOC | PDF | This article considers the ongoing debate over the appropriation of well-known and famous trade marks by the No Logo Movement for...