August 2008

Research report

29 Aug 2008

This report presents data on patterns of drug use in each of the states and territories. It supplements the national findings from the '2007 National Drug Strategy Household Survey: first results' report, published in April 2008. The results are based on a survey of more...

Research report

29 Aug 2008

This bulletin provides an overview of disability trends over two decades, including trends in need for and receipt of assistance with specific basic activities of daily life. This bulletin provides an overview of disability trends over two decades, including trends in need for and receipt...

Research report

29 Aug 2008

This is the fourth report on young people under juvenile justice supervision in Australia, and includes information on the characteristics of young people in community-based supervision and detention in 2006–07 and the type and length of supervision they experience, as well as patterns of supervision...

Research report

29 Aug 2008

The Housing and Accommodation Support Initiative (HASI) is a program that provides an integrated hospital to community care system for people with mental illness and associated psychiatric disability. This report examines the care planning practices of NGO Accommodation Support Providers. The Housing and Accommodation Support...

Research report

29 Aug 2008

The Department of Ageing, Disability and Home Care (DADHC) is piloting a direct funding project in conjunction with the Attendant Care Program (ACP). The direct funding pilot aims to complement the objectives of the ACP, which provides support to individuals with physical disabilities with a...

Research report

29 Aug 2008

This report provides information for the analysis of family structure in Australia. This electronic product presents at the national and state level, registered divorces by age, duration of marriage at final separation and at date of dissolution, country of birth and number of children.Almost 48,000...

Research report

29 Aug 2008

The Australian Bureau of Statistics publishes quarterly estimates of the change in the price of established houses in Australia based on a method that has developed over time and has always involved some form of stratification. The established house price index (HPI) methodology is currently...

Article

29 Aug 2008

Whilst there is no national cultural policy in Australia, the local government sector has embraced cultural planning to a high degree. The external mechanisms that have influenced local government to place so much importance on cultural planning infrastructure, seem to have left councils in a...

Journal article

28 Aug 2008

The purpose of this research is to understand how small museums contribute to social capital in their community. The research uses three distinct case studies to distinguish differences and similarities. The article first discusses aspects of social impact and the arts. It then identifies a...

Fact sheet

28 Aug 2008

This fact sheet has published in support of the Federal Privacy Commission's Privacy Awareness Week.

Privacy Awareness Week runs from 24 August until 30 August 2008, and is an opportunity for governments, business and individuals to promote privacy awareness and identify some of...

Blog post

28 Aug 2008

Shrinking the digital divide, the gap between those people with effective access to information technology and those without, worldwide has been on the table of activists, NGOs and governments for years now, and the UN has devoted a global conference on this issue, the World...

Commentary

Article

28 Aug 2008

New figures reveal a very patchy performance, write PAUL JENSON and ELIZABETH WEBSTER

THERE are only two ways a country can sustain increases in productivity over time: through enhancing its skill base or by innovating more successfully. While Australia's performance on skill development is...

Commentary

Article

27 Aug 2008

Labor’s social inclusion agenda is an exciting development, writes ILAN KATZ, but it will be a while before we know whether it will fulfil its promise.

THE election of the Rudd government has, inevitably, begun to change the lexicon of social policy. Every...

Research report

28 Aug 2008

"There is a tendency for those who saw Queensland in the 1970s and '80s from a distance as an embarrassing national joke – simply the product of police corruption, tawdry sex, draconian regulations and incompetent politicians. All were there in abundance, but they were the...

Research report

28 Aug 2008

"For my sins, I was educated entirely in Queensland – or, as the authorities in my day preferred to call it, publicly instructed. This went on for seventeen years – from 1949 until 1965 – and I have beautiful handwriting to show for it. But...

Research report

28 Aug 2008

"Think Queensland and I immediately conjure apartheid births and prototypes, stolen Aboriginal wages, native title rise and fall, the National Party, the Country Party, and any other Queensland wheat-belt-born party with a minority to vilify. But maybe this is all in the past? Our new...

Discussion paper

27 Aug 2008

Importantly, it outlines the practical individual policy steps that government can take in order to achieve the outcome of accessible broadband for all. Within a relatively short period of time, broadband services have ceased to be a luxury and are now a necessity...

Transcript

27 Aug 2008

Those who seek a middle way between junking copyright altogether on the one hand, and slavishly trying to enforce it on the other, often talk about what's called 'Creative Commons' licensing. Even large media organizations are starting to look at this innovative form of licensing....

Research report

27 Aug 2008

Federal government public school funding will be cut real terms within three years based on current budget projections, according to this report, which recommends an immediate investment of at least $1.5 billion to restore federal funding to 1996 levels in order to ensure equality of...

Research report

30 Apr 2008

The report makes 26 recommendations that propose significant changes to existing processes for tax design. The government has accepted in principle all the recommendations in the report.

Research report

27 Aug 2008

The oceans and seas under Australian jurisdiction include the full range of ocean temperature zones, from tropical to polar, ranging from the spectacular coral reefs of the tropical north to the majestic kelp forests of the temperate south. This environmental diversity explains the rich variety...

Research report

27 Aug 2008

A new book presents a seemingly endless and always depressing catalogue of irresponsible journalism. Another explains why judgements of political newsworthiness derive, at least partially, from journalists’ sense of where the centre of gravity of power lies. Meanwhile, in the new Newseum, the exhibit about...

Research report

27 Aug 2008

This report is designed to assist organisations who seek to engage in electronic marketing. It discusses the coverage of the Privacy and Spam Acts, and how they interact; whether businesses have to get people's consent when sending electronic marketing messages; what businesses must tell people...

Research report

27 Aug 2008

Guidelines on banning customers from entering Centrelink offices because of inappropriate behaviour are the subject of this report. The Ombudsman has received complaints over a number of years from customers whose face-to-face contact with Centrelink staff has been withdrawn because of their behaviour.

The...

Research report

27 Aug 2008

The thirty year decline in the number of people dying on the nation's roads has stalled in recent years, according to this report. The annual road toll has changed little since 2003 and rose last year. In 2007, road crashes killed 1616 motorists, truck drivers,...

Research report

14 May 2009

This roundtable looked at the effectiveness of current approaches to environmental issues; the strengths and limitations of market-based and cooperative solutions; and institutions and incentives for better policies and outcomes.

Keynote presentations were delivered by Professors Gary Libecap and Robert Stavins from the USA,...

Article

26 Aug 2008

On Four Corners this week RODNEY TIFFEN revealed how Malcolm Turnbull derailed Kerry Packer’s ambitions for the Fairfax empire. Here he describes the events surrounding the falling-out between Packer and Turnbull, which led to a victory for media diversity.

FEW if any media...

Commentary

Article

26 Aug 2008

The Olympics are over, but China needs to be kept under pressure, argues ANN KENT

A BURNING question for the media and the international public before the 2008 Olympic Games was whether the holding of the Olympics might improve China’s human rights performance...

Policy

27 Aug 2008

Described as the "next chapter of the government's education revolution", this report argues that Australia needs to build a culture of high expectations in our schools for students and teachers. This culture must also be matched to effective transparency and accountability mechanisms that meet the...

Research report

27 Aug 2008

The goal of parental leave policy is to facilitate a frictionless transition between work/career activities and home/parental activities. This report examines policy options for parental leave and evaluates them from an economics perspective.The goal of parental leave policy is to facilitate a frictionless transition between...

Research report

27 Aug 2008

The Australian Radiofrequency Spectrum Plan (the Spectrum Plan) is ACMA's broadest level planning document. ACMA intends to introduce a new domestic Spectrum Plan on 1 January 2009 and is seeking comments on this draft. The Australian Radiofrequency Spectrum Plan (the Spectrum Plan) is ACMA?s broadest...

Research report

27 Aug 2008

This report is designed to assist organisations who seek to engage in electronic marketing. It discusses the coverage of the Privacy and Spam Acts, and how they interact; whether businesses have to get people's consent when sending electronic marketing messages; what businesses must tell people...

Article

27 Aug 2008

A new book presents a seemingly endless and always depressing catalogue of irresponsible journalism. Another explains why judgements of political newsworthiness derive, at least partially, from journalists' sense of where the centre of gravity of power lies. Meanwhile, in the new Newseum, the exhibit about...

Research report

26 Aug 2008

Jennifer Frankel-Reed, formerly of the Bureau for Development Policy, UNDP and currently with German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) writes, ‘Based on good practices in monitoring and evaluation, an inclusive definition of adaptation, and United Nations Development Programme's experience to date, seven considerations are suggested for establishing...

Research report

26 Aug 2008

The devastating impact of soaring fuel and mortgage prices on Australian households is graphically revealed in the new Griffith University Urban Research Program VAMPIRE index.

This paper describes the devastating impact of soaring fuel and mortgage prices on Australian households. The VAMPIRE index identifies...

Research report

26 Aug 2008

Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population has reached 517,000 or 2.5% of the total Australian population. The figures in this report are final estimates of the Indigenous population as at 30 June 2006.Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population has reached 517,000 or 2.5%...

Research report

26 Aug 2008

Large national surveys are able to provide literacy estimates for national and state levels. However, due to sample size constraints, it is not possible to produce estimates for smaller geographical areas using the sample data alone. The purpose of this paper is to derive experimental...

Research report

26 Aug 2008

This paper traces the public's changing views of the main issues relating to defence and security over an extended period. Authored by Professor Ian McAllister, it identifies three key views of the public on defence and security. ASPI contributors include Carl Ungerer, Rod Lyon and...

Statistics

26 Aug 2008

This snapshot on the theme of "Libraries are for everyone", provides several interesting statistics about libararies and library attendance in Australia. This snapshot on the theme of "Libraries are for everyone", provides several interesting statistics about libaries and library attendance in Australia, including:

...

Research report

26 Aug 2008

comscore's study of worldwide usage of social networking sites, indicates that while the growth in new users in North America is beginning to level off, it is burgeoning in other regions around the world. During the past year, the total North American audience of social...

Research report

25 Aug 2008

While excessive drinking is associated with lower earnings through adverse health effects, absenteeism and low productivity, moderate alcohol consumption has been argued to generate positive wage effects. These positive wage premiums are usually expected to arise from the social effect of drinking and the benefcial...

Research report

25 Aug 2008

The number of children identified with learning disabilities, or LDs, has steadily increased since the establishment of LDs as a disability category in education 40 years ago. At that time, there was relatively little research to guide identification, prevention, and intervention. However, in the past...

Research report

25 Aug 2008

Prime Minister Kevin Rudd announced a commitment to making Australia the most Asia literate nation in the western world last week. It's not a moment too soon. The fact that Asian languages are currently on the decline in our schools and no state curriculum in...

Research report

25 Aug 2008

Reducing preventable vision loss has recently been identified as a priority by Australian governments and non-government organisations.

This report is the first in a series of national reports providing an overview of eye health in Australia. The report presents information about the treatment...

Research report

25 Aug 2008

This report presents national cancer data on relative survival and prevalence in Australia for invasive cancers other than non-melanoma skin cancer. 'Cancer survival and prevalence in Australia' presents national cancer data on relative survival and prevalence in Australia for invasive cancers other than non-melanoma skin...

Research report

25 Aug 2008

The concept of social exclusion, encompassing a wider view of disadvantage than that of income poverty, is now used extensively in European debates about people at risk of experiencing social disadvantage. Aggregate national data indicate the groups at risk of social exclusion but it also...

Research report

22 Aug 2008

This research paper provides an overview of the people trafficking problem in Australia, Australia’s responses to date and the likely effectiveness of those measures. It also provides access to a range of key documents and relevant electronic resources on the issues.

The paper notes...

Research report

25 Aug 2008

This study shows that there has been rapid change in many of the characteristics of households in the top decile group of the Australian income distribution over the decade to 2005-06. Compared to ten years earlier, the heads of households at the top of the...

Research report

22 Aug 2008

Allowing tax deductions for certain expenses incurred in planting a carbon sink forest has become a controversial topic. This paper looks at the background to the tax deduction, explains why carbon sink forest are important in controlling emissions, outlines recent objections to this measure during...

Research report

25 Aug 2008

Avoiding runaway dangerous climate change will require a multi-trillion dollar investment in clean technology in developing countries over the coming decades. International negotiations currently underway on a post-2012 climate agreement must pave the way for this investment to occur. With much of the investment needed...

Research report

25 Aug 2008

The Rudd Government has committed to the introduction of a national compact with the community sector and is currently consulting with NGOs regarding the development of such an agreement by 2009. This report considers whether a formal agreement is the right way for the government...

Research report

25 Aug 2008

This project focuses on the potential that shared equity has to provide a solution to affordability problems and the type and level of government assistance that will be needed to ensure specific objectives can be met. The challenging task of addressing the varied requirements, preferences...

Website

25 Aug 2008

Creative Commons Aotearoa New Zealand has just launched a dynamic web project that offers a new approach to copyright. The CCANZ website allows New Zealanders to choose "some rights reserved" copyright for their own creative works. The international Creative Commons movement towards internet-friendly copyright is...

Conference paper

22 Aug 2008

In a world where ubiquitous and affordable broadband availability is the key to unlocking the benefits of the information society, obstacles remain to the deployment of appropriate access networks. Traditionally, an analysis of the potential problems from a regulatory perspective would involve consideration of whether...

Conference paper

22 Aug 2008

This paper has been prepared as one of three for a conference session about market power in broadband telecommunications. The participants were asked to address the following questions:...

Discussion paper

22 Aug 2008

A paper by Professor Stuart Cunningham, President of the Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences, highlighting the issues to be discussed during HASS in the Capital, is now available from the CHASS website. At the meeting on 3 September, speakers and member breakout groups...

Article

21 Aug 2008

What does ?Web 2.0? mean for universities, libraries, and museums? The experience of the Zotero Project at the Center for History and New Media (CHNM) at George Mason University, an open source initiative to provide a high?quality bibliographic, research, and note?taking tool that now serves...

Transcript

21 Aug 2008

The Internet is hailed as a democratic force freeing people from inherited orthodoxy and hierarchy. Yet some observers and visitors of virtual worlds decry the absence of the individual rights we have come to expect in a democratic society. This paradox of the Internet?s democratic...

Article

21 Aug 2008

With more and more users in virtual worlds, educators and librarians need to keep themselves informed about the ways these platforms can be useful. Librarians involved in Second Life are experimenting with services and activities to discover the best way to use virtual worlds.

Video

21 Aug 2008

A new video from Michael Wesch is a fascinating look at the evolution of one of the most generally accepted social media sites today, YouTube. Wesch is a cultural anthropologist and media ecologist at Kansas State Univeristy exploring the impacts of new media on human...

Research report

21 Aug 2008

For more than a decade, audiences for most traditional news sources have steadily declined and the number of people getting news online has surged. The latest edition of this biannual media study also finds that a growing number of news consumers mix both old and...

Research report

21 Aug 2008

Since the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol to that Convention, came into force in 2005, emissions trading has been the preferred approach for any international efforts to control, and eventually reduce, greenhouse gas emissions. Several emission trading schemes are...

Research report

21 Aug 2008

The Commission’s conclusions concerning the welfare effects of reductions in automotive assistance are based on a faulty interpretation of their modelling results, according to this paper. Proposed reductions in automotive tariffs from their present low levels would be likely to generate a small economy-wide loss...

Research report

21 Aug 2008

For decades rural Australia has been discriminated against by industrial policies at home and agricultural protectionism abroad. While agricultural export taxation in poor countries had the opposite impact, recent reforms there mean that that offsetting effect on Australia has diminished. There has also been some...

Commentary

Article

20 Aug 2008

The announcement of an Australian seasonal worker program has been welcomed by employer groups and Pacific governments - but the devil’s in the detail.

THE announcement of a pilot study for a seasonal workers program in Australia - with 2500 workers coming to...

Research report

20 Aug 2008

The islands of the Pacific are in some cases prsoperous with good economies and education systems while others experience widespread illiteracy and some of the highest population growth rates in the world.The Pacific is bipolar, on almost every available indicator, the Pacific’s development path is...

Research report

20 Aug 2008

Australians pay a substantial price for the pleasure they derive from alcohol. According to the latest estimate, on a net basis, alcohol accounts for 2.2% of the total disease burden in Australia. This is marginally more than illicit drugs (2.0%), but alcohol’s toll would be...

Research report

1 Nov 2008

There is evidence that the increasing prosperity that Australia and other developed nations have experienced over the past few decades has not brought with it corresponding increases in psychosocial and health functioning. On the contrary, there is increasing evidence that these are worsening. It has...

Research report

20 Aug 2008

The federal government is adopting an all-hazards approach to national security—acknowledging that the response to both natural and man-made disasters is often similar and that improving community resilience is an important aspect of preparedness for disasters, whatever form they take. The forthcoming national security statement...

Briefing paper

20 Aug 2008

This is the Australian Government's response to the Senate Standing Committee on Environment, Communications, Information Technology and the Arts Inquiry into the Indigenous visual arts and craft sector, Indigenous Arts - Securing the Future, as tabled on 20 June 2007. This is the Australian Government's...

Journal article

19 Aug 2008

It is hard to imagine life today without the internet, and all of the benefits that it brings to our business and personal lives: convenient, cheap and instant communication across time zones and national boundaries; online shopping and banking; document and data exchange without the...

Research report

20 Aug 2008

The UK-IPO is seeking views on whether to maintain the existing derogation for a further two years until 1 January 2012 or to allow the derogation to lapse and for works by artists who are deceased, but are still protected by copyright, to be eligible...

Research report

19 Aug 2008

In Australia, over the last two decades the lifting of restrictions on the enrolment of fee- paying international students combined with a freezing of funding for government subsidised students has made universities heavily dependent for growth on income from international students. These students, being located...

Research report

19 Aug 2008

Australia introduced an incentive payment scheme for general practitioners to ensure systematic and high quality care in chronic disease management. There is little empirical evidence and ambiguous theoretical guidance on which effects to expect on the quality of care. This paper evaluates the impact of...

Research report

19 Aug 2008

This project was undertaken to provide information on community attitudes and values to assist natural resources management (NRM) decision-making and climate change adaptation in the Southern Fleurieu Peninsula region, South Australia. It is one of a number of studies for a larger project: 'A regional...

Discussion paper

19 Aug 2008

What is the role of men in addressing men’s violence against women? In recent years, there have been numerous articles, discussion papers, books, conferences and government policy statements advocating the greater involvement of men in working against men’s violence and towards gender equality. The involvement...

Research report

19 Aug 2008

Gavan McDonell presents an overview of the national electricity grid and market and the legal issues involved.

Research report

15 Aug 2008

The Census collects data on a broad range of social and economic measures of the Australian population. While it is possible to compare electoral divisions on individual census data items, it is often more useful to compare divisions on the basis of a summary of...

Research report

19 Aug 2008

KPMG was engaged to investigate international roaming charges, including the differences between prices paid by Australian consumers and consumers in other countries. This report finds that Australians roaming overseas pay more on average than consumers from countries in Asia and North American roaming in Australia;...

Research report

19 Aug 2008

Transport fuel use responds negatively to price increases (in both the short and the long run), and positively to population and income increases, according to this report, which describes the differing effects across the various transport modes.

In the short run, car fuel use...

Research report

19 Aug 2008

Consumption taxes are only rarely assessed for their impact on the economic well-being of individuals. This paper reviews various studies on this issue. It first describes the large differences in the size and structure of these taxes among OECD countries, and then reviews the types...

Research report

19 Aug 2008

This paper investigates the design of tax structures to promote economic growth. It suggests a “tax and growth” ranking of taxes, confirming results from earlier literature but providing a more detailed disaggregation of taxes. Corporate taxes are found to be most harmful for growth, followed...

Dataset

7 Aug 2008

Using estimates for the three levels of government, this publication provides information on Australian public funding for arts and cultural activities, facilities and services for the three years from 2004-05 to 2006-07. This publication contains estimates of Australian public funding for arts and cultural activities,...

Article

19 Aug 2008

Mining in South Australia is set to become a whole lot safer, thanks to the world of virtual reality and video games.

A $430,000 collaborative project involving the University of Adelaide will use simulators to train prospective miners in one of the world's...

Research report

19 Aug 2008

KPMG was engaged to investigate international roaming charges, including the differences between prices paid by Australian consumers and consumers in other countries. This report finds that Australians roaming overseas pay more on average than consumers from countries in Asia and North American roaming in Australia;...

Article

19 Aug 2008

In Australia, over the last two decades the lifting of restrictions on the enrolment of fee- paying international students combined with a freezing of funding for government subsidised students has made universities heavily dependent for growth on income from international students. These students, being located...

Research report

19 Aug 2008

Digital content has become an increasingly important and pervasive factor shaping economic and social development. High-speed communications, increasing upstream as well as downstream bandwidth, declining access prices, convergence of previously distinct networks, innovation in new devices and applications and lower entry barriers will drive new...

Research report

18 Aug 2008

A marginal saving in health costs in the four major Australian cities would arise from widespread use of E5 and E10 ethanol blends, according to this study. But this saving will be eroded over time as new vehicles, with improved emission control technology, enter the...

Research report

18 Aug 2008

The Water Act 2007 creates new institutional and governance arrangements to address the sustainability and management of water resources in the Murray-Darling Basin. The Act builds on earlier reform initiatives, including the National Water Initiative and the Murray-Darling Basin Agreement, and is supplemented by federal...

Research report

18 Aug 2008

Partner rape is prevalent in our society. This research is based on over 70 interviews with women, police and health professionals and has implications for health professionals, GPs, ministers, community members and anyone who works with them. Women who are raped or who suffer domestic...

Research report

18 Aug 2008

As a new crime type, knowledge about trafficking in persons is still emerging. International and Australian initiatives encompass trafficking for sexual purposes, with issues surrounding transnational migration for work, exploitation and sexual violence, and supporting victims. Research on trafficking in persons is challenged by the...

Research report

18 Aug 2008

This publication contains estimates of average weekly ordinary time earnings and average weekly total earnings for full-time adult employees and average weekly total earnings for all employees, classified by sector and state or territory and by industry at the Australian level, for males, females and...

Research report

18 Aug 2008

This publication presents results from the Household Preparedness for Emergencies survey conducted during October 2007. The survey examined the steps households had taken in preparing for emergencies. This publication presents results from the Household Preparedness for Emergencies survey which was conducted in New South Wales...

Research report

18 Aug 2008

Around twenty four members and supporters of the Victorian Branch of the Australian Fabian Society gathered for a consultative workshop using an electronic meeting system on Wednesday June 4 to make suggestions to the Ministerial Advisory Council of Senior Victorians as part of the Seniors...

Research report

18 Aug 2008

Colin Heseltine, former Australian ambassador to the Republic of Korea, notes that despite substantial economic ties between Australia and Korea, their relationship “lacks a sense of the long-term strategic importance of the relationship which drives Australia’s relationships with its two other north-east Asian partners, Japan...

Research report

18 Aug 2008

This report presents national statistics on serious injury due to transport accidents involving a railway train that resulted in admission to hospital in Australia during the five-year period 2001-02 to 2005-06.

It examines variables such as mode of transport, gender and age group. It...

Research report

18 Aug 2008

Emissions trading has emerged as the key to reducing carbon emissions by putting a price on carbon. Kevin Rudd supports the idea; even John Howard seemed to come round to it before the election of 2007. There may be contention over the start date and...

Research report

18 Aug 2008

With its endless coastline and vast Exclusive Economic Zone, Australia has one of the largest maritime security challenges in the world. Regulation and enforcement of jurisdiction over this vast domain will require innovative solutions, particularly given Australia’s relatively small population and small maritime sector workforce....

Research report

15 Aug 2008

This report includes a definition of cultural enterprise and cultural worker categories from widely available U.S. federal data sources; protocol for measuring these categories; data on cultural enterprise employment in each state of New England and data and demographics on cultural workers in each state...

Research report

14 Aug 2008

This report presents key statistics on the provision Australian Government funded aged care packages and the characteristics of care recipients. Aged care packages in the community 2006-07: a statistical overview presents key statistics on the provision Australian Government funded aged care packages and the characteristics...

Research report

14 Aug 2008

This inaugural Victorian Sexually Transmissible Infections Strategy 2006–2009 aims to improve the overall sexual health and well-being of Victorians by reducing STIs in the community.

This strategy identifies a number of priority population groups that are at increased risk of STIs or carry...

Research report

14 Aug 2008

Volcanic and seismic hazards associated with the proposed Ujung Lemah Abang nuclear power plant site have been repeatedly addressed in official studies over three decades by the Indonesian National Nuclear Agency (BATAN) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Major consultant studies were...

Research report

14 Aug 2008

Tracy Smart argues that “the Western focus on the inter-related issues of human rights and Tibet in the context of the Olympic Games represents a major security dilemma for the government of China, which could have significant repercussions, both domestically and internationally”. Smart argues that...

Journal article

13 Aug 2008

The rise of user-led content creation and distribution, or produsage, is by now well recognised. User-produced content is providing a well-needed corrective to industrial journalism; user-produced creative work has become a regular component of the standard media diet for many users; and user-led distribution of...

Website

13 Aug 2008

Early in his career, Southern politician John Calhoun was a strong supporter of slavery. So it is ironic that an iconic portrait of Abraham Lincoln (circa 1860) is a photographic composite of Calhoun's body and Lincoln's head, purportedly created because no sufficiently heroic-style portrait of...

Transcript

13 Aug 2008

"As almost everyone knows by now, various major daily newspaper published, on July 10, a photograph of four Iranian missiles streaking heavenward; then Little Green Footballs (significantly, a blog and not a daily newspaper) provided evidence that the photograph had been faked. Later, many of...

Book

13 Aug 2008

This e-book provides an insight into the key issues facing copyright law and digital content policy in a networked information world, based on papers presented at the First International Forum on the Content Industry and Intellectual Property. Published by Sydney University Press, this e-book provides...

Research report

13 Aug 2008

As the People’s Republic of China continues to develop as the subject of intense economic, political and cultural interest, this study examines the place ‘China’ has held in the parliamentary imagination by exploring the history of the Australian parliament’s dealings with China. The monograph’s period...

Research report

13 Aug 2008

Recent calls for increased Commonwealth funding for dental services have been made in the midst of reports of long waiting lists and emerging evidence that poorer dental health is associated with lower socio-economic status. Although the National Oral Health Plan calls for action on dental...

Research report

13 Aug 2008

Making the welfare payments of Indigenous people conditional on measures such as their children’s school attendance is becoming an increasingly popular policy measure in Australia. The stated aims of such an approach include ensuring that money is spent on essentials such as food, clothing and...

Research report

13 Aug 2008

Public rental housing and state owned and managed Indigenous housing (SOMIH) are among the social housing programs that provide affordable accommodation to eligible households. This publication looks at priority allocations to public housing from 2004-05 to 2006-07. It makes comparisons between priority allocations, other allocations...

Research report

12 Aug 2008

This report examines the development of the fixed-mobile convergence and fixed-mobile substitution market in Australia.The aim of this report is to give the Australian Communications and Media Authority an enhanced understanding of Fixed-Mobile Convergence and Fixed-Mobile Substitution trends in Australia, and their impacts on the...

Transcript

13 Aug 2008

This talk presented at the 2008 Communications Consumer Dialogue considers policies and the adjustments needed to accommodate communication for people with disabilities.

2008 Communications Consumer Dialogue took place on 22 July 2008 in Sydney and was organised by the Australian Communications & Media Authority...

Research report

13 Aug 2008

This report presents survey findings on authors' experiences in publishing periodical publications, journal articles, research papers, conference papers and book chapters; author's knowledge of publishing agreements and their experience in dealing with publishers; and related issues.This report presents the results from an online survey, Academic...

Research report

12 Aug 2008

This positioning paper provides a context for examining housing market dynamics in four Australian resource boom towns: Kalgoorlie and Karratha in Western Australia, and Emerald and Moranbah in Queensland. The impact of the resource boom on housing affordability is examined, as are its effects on...

Research report

12 Aug 2008

Using the findings from the primary data collection with families and stakeholders, this report develops the understanding of resilience in these families. It also analyses service practices and models and looks at how services can assist families to build and maintain resilience. Using the findings...

Research report

12 Aug 2008

To what extent does receiving SAAP services facilitate positive changes in client self-reliance, and what forms does this improvement take for different groups of clients? This study provides a positive picture of the extent to which clients felt they had moved towards self-reliance after getting...

Research report

12 Aug 2008

This report provides an assessment of regional employment dynamics and future labour demand in these regions of Western Australia. It examines the demographic and economic dynamics driving regional labour markets; analyses the changing structure of regional labour markets in terms of sector and occupation; identifies...

Research report

12 Aug 2008

General aviation commonly refers to that part of the aviation industry that engages in activity other than scheduled commercial airline activity. This may include charter operators, aeromedical operators, agricultural aviation businesses, aviation-based fire-fighting services, training and aerial work such as aerial photography and surveying. It...

Research report

12 Aug 2008

English language requirement and occupational health and safety are the themes of this second paper from the review of the temporary skilled migration visa. Submissions are sought from interested parties on the issues raised in each of the papers.

The three issues papers on...

Research report

12 Aug 2008

This report outlines the population-level impact of changes to the Child Support Scheme that took effect on 1 July 2008, based on the combined outcome of the child support and Family Tax Benefit changes.

Research report

12 Aug 2008

As part of its broader review of the tax system, the federal government has initiated a comprehensive review of the pension system, investigating measures to strengthen the financial security of seniors, carers, and people with disability. This paper canvasses the key issues, which include:...

Commentary

Article

12 Aug 2008

Income played a role in the last election - but not quite the one you'd expect, writes BRIAN COSTAR

TUCKED away on page 101 of a very informative Parliamentary Library analysis of the 2007 federal election is a table which dissects the two-party...

Commentary

Article

12 Aug 2008

THE internet is everywhere: at work, at home, and on the move. If Kevin Rudd's plans come to anything, it will soon be in every school. The underlying technologies are scarcely three decades old; some of the most popular sites, such as YouTube and Facebook,...

Transcript

12 Aug 2008

Papers from this research conference are available in a single volume PDF. Speakers include Geoff Masters, Stuart Macintyre, Richard Sweet, Richard Slaughter, Suzanne Mellor and Terri Seddon.

Papers fom this research conference are available in a single volume PDF. Speakers include Geoff Masters, Stuart...

Research report

11 Aug 2008

It has been demonstrated that the Earth is warming and climatic parameters are changing. In western Australia, the south west has been experiencing rainfall reductions for several decades and other areas across the State have experienced droughts and atypical events. It is now generally accepted...

Research report

11 Aug 2008

A continuing issue in metropolitan strategic plans is how much of them will be implemented. This appears to depend on how far planners are able to understand and shape the future of the city; whether appropriate planning and decision-making frameworks and mechanisms exist or can...

Research report

11 Aug 2008

Western Australia sits poised to reap huge benefits from a super-cycle of resource exploitation. Labour demand is at an all-time high and challenges in securing an adequate labour supply are already evident. It is ironic then, that the very people whose land base is exploited...

Research report

11 Aug 2008

Among its key recommendations, this report calls for:

• Simplification and streamlining: the Privacy Act and related laws and regulations are highly detailed and complex, making it difficult for businesses to understand their obligations and for individuals to know their rights. A basic restructuring...

Research report

11 Aug 2008

The report begins with a discussion of methodology before turning to a description of the region’s water resources. The focus is on three linked broad perspectives on water: a historical analysis of the political economy of water; a sectoral analysis of water in the regional...

Research report

11 Aug 2008

Sinclair Davidson examines the arguments for corporate taxation and concludes that flawed assumptions are propping up Australia’s corporate tax rates. Australian corporate taxation is highly concentrated, with many corporates not paying any tax at all or paying very low rates of tax, while a small...

Research report

11 Aug 2008

How do housing assistance programs impact economic participation outcomes, once we control for the mediating effects that intermediary variables such as ‘health’ and ‘neighbourhood’ have on economic participation outcomes?

Research report

11 Aug 2008

This report is the ninth in the series of AIHW's comprehensive annual reports on the characteristics and activity of Australia's mental health services. Mental health services in Australia 2005-06 is the ninth in the series of AIHW's comprehensive annual reports on the characteristics and activity...

Research report

11 Aug 2008

This report presents data about the circumstances that gave rise to medical indemnity claims in Australia, the medical specialties involved in claims, the people making claims, and the size and length of time claims have been open. Public and private sector medical indemnity claims in...

Research report

11 Aug 2008

This report provides information on the oral health of adult public dental patients and compares their oral health status with estimates for the Australian population from the National Survey of Adult Oral Health, 2004–06.

Findings are presented on the percentage of persons with...

Research report

8 Aug 2008

The key lesson from this 2007 report is that communities that invest in the arts reap the additional benefits of jobs, economic growth, and a quality of life that positions those communities to compete in our 21st century creative economy.Most of us appreciate the intrinsic...

Article

8 Aug 2008

These reports offer a new, research-based approach to understanding the scope and importance of the arts to the US economy. Nationally, there are 612,095 businesses in the U.S. involved in the creation or distribution of the arts that employ 2.98 million people, which is 4.3...

Research report

8 Aug 2008

The percentage of US internet users who use search engines on a typical day has been steadily rising from about one-third of all users in 2002, to a new high of just under one-half (49%). With this increase, the number of those using a search...

Research report

8 Aug 2008

This paper explores the issue of how vocational education and training (VET) is actually used in the labour market, in particular the match between what people study and the jobs they get. This match is pretty poor in most occupational groups with the exception of...

Research report

8 Aug 2008

This paper describes some of the main achievements to date by Australian institutions in addressing climate change. It then proposes a principled framework through which these and other relevant ideas, initiatives, policies and measures may be organised and rationalised. It also speculates on some policy...

Research report

8 Aug 2008

‘Mind the Gap!’ is an almost iconic exhortation, originating in the London Underground, warning travellers to be careful when navigating the ‘gap’ between the platform and train. This volume retrospectively assesses the ‘gap’ – no less dynamic and perilous in a public policy context –...

Research report

7 Aug 2008

This report was commissioned by the literature department of Arts Council England (ACE) to gather an overview of how companies, organisations and individuals in the commercial and funded sectors are using Web 2.0 to market fiction, poetry and live literature; spot writing talent; guide readers...

Research report

5 Aug 2008

Births in Australia are at an historical high – with around 285 000 babies born in 2007. This corresponds to an estimated total fertility rate of 1.93 babies per woman, the highest since the early 1980s. This is not a one-off event as fertility rates...

Research report

7 Aug 2008

The purpose of the National Approach for Child Protection Project is to provide high-level descriptions of key processes and approaches to the delivery of child protection services across Australia. Statutory child protection is the responsibility of State and Territory Governments; however, Australian Government funded services...

Commentary

Article

6 Aug 2008

We don't really know exactly what the ABC and SBS should do next, but they need to be given the scope to do it.

Summary

Crunch day is arriving for the ABC and SBS. During the next three months the public broadcasters...

Research report

6 Aug 2008

This research investigates and documents the views of children and young people in alternative care (foster care and residential care) and in detention centres in Queensland. The research features a repeated cross-sectional longitudinal design enabling the Commission to identify changes in these views over time....

Research report

6 Aug 2008

As the first instalment of the Australian Government’s comprehensive review of the tax and transfer systems, the Australian Treasury, in collaboration with the Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, the Department of Employment, Education and Workplace Relations and the Australian Taxation Office,...

Research report

6 Aug 2008

In this evidence-based and closely argued work, Kathy MacDermott plots the changes in the culture of the Australian Public Service that have led many contemporary commentators to lament the purported loss of traditional public service values of impartiality, intellectual rigour and — most importantly —...

Research report

6 Aug 2008

The colour of carbon matters. Green carbon is the carbon stored in the plants and soil of natural ecosystems and is a vital part of the global carbon cycle. This report is the first in a series that examines the role of natural forests in...

Research report

6 Aug 2008

As part of a broader examination of Australia's National Innovation System, this report examines Australia's Cooperative Research Centres program, making a series of recommendations for change in relation to:

• funding and frequency of selection rounds; • objectives of the program; • broadening participation;...

Research report

6 Aug 2008

This report focuses on competition in the Australian grocery sector. Specifically, the report asks whether a lack of competition is an explanation for the concerns identified above. The report analyses the extent to which competition (or a lack of it) has contributed to increased grocery...

Research report

31 Jul 2008

This report is the Commission’s latest scorecard on the financial performance of 86 government trading enterprises (GTEs). The report also examines the impact on capital management of inadequate compensation for community service obligations and of the persistent poor performance of some GTEs. The 86 GTEs...

Research report

6 Aug 2008

Peacekeeping operations have become increasingly complex and multidimensional and today's peacekeepers face new challenges. This report identifies the main criteria against which Australian decision makers should assess whether or not to commit to a peacekeeping operation. The committee is of the view that the Australian...

Article

6 Aug 2008

This paper stems from the findings of a research project that invited a range of writers, artists, politicians, scientists, community leaders, theologians and social theorists to engage the following question: If a major shift in worldview is taking place, what role might society?s arts and...

Discussion paper

6 Aug 2008

Journalists and bloggers have formed a relationship based not just on conflict and competition, but also on co-dependency, according to this paper. They battle one another, but they also have influenced each other's approaches to their shared task of news and information dissemination.

Research report

6 Aug 2008

As part of a broader examination of Australia's National Innovation System, this report examines Australia's Cooperative Research Centres program, making a series of recommendations for change in relation to:

? funding and frequency of selection rounds; ? objectives of the program; ? broadening participation;...

Essay

16 May 2008

The democratization of media is no longer in doubt. Digital media tools, increasingly cheap and ubiquitous, have spawned a massive amount of media creation at all levels, most notably from the edges of networks. These networks have provided vast access to what people have created...

Discussion paper

6 Aug 2008

While it offers a useful general perspective on the future of media literacy, Dan Gillmor's essay doesn't fully answer some of the most fundamental questions about the relationship between education, media, and democracy.While it offers a useful general perspective on the future of media literacy,...

Essay

6 Aug 2008

In a decade and a half we have gone from minimal Internet usage to approximately 20 per cent of the world?s population now being online. This essay explores two themes: first, how societies adopt new technologies and second, how governance and regulation may co-evolve with...

Research report

6 Aug 2008

The last ten years of economic growth in the UK is a story of the knowledge economy; and one which has played out in our cities. The expansion of knowledge intensive industries, from financial services and professional services to high tech manufacturing, has made cities...

Article

28 Jul 2008

The Internet was supposed to send America's public libraries the way of eight-track tapes and pay phones. But it turns out, they're busier than ever.

At most libraries, traffic is up, in some cases, way up, fueled in part by the lure of free...

Research report

6 Aug 2008

This report provides readers with statistical indicators that shed light on issues such as the functioning of the patent system and its use by both developed and developing countries. The statistical information provided in this report allows users to analyze and monitor the latest trends...

Research report

5 Aug 2008

Immediately following the June 2007 release of Pat Anderson and Rex Wild’s L ittle Children Are Sacred report i nto child abuse and neglect in Northern Territory Indigenous communities, the Howard Government declared a ‘national emergency’ in Indigenous communities in the Northern Territory. This announcement...

Research report

5 Aug 2008

This publication promotes current expert advice on child health and wellbeing and current policies and practices for those who work with young children and their families.

From a national program developed by the Centre for Community Child Health at the Royal Children's Hospital in...

Research report

5 Aug 2008

This report presents data on the number of clients accessing pharmacotherapy for the treatment of opioid addiction, the number of prescribers participating in the delivery of pharmacotherapy treatment, and quantitative information about the prescribing sector. The national opioid pharmacotherapy statistics annual data collection, 2007 report...

Research report

5 Aug 2008

This annual report of the Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP) National Data Collection provides an overview of assistance given to clients and their children by the program in 2006-07. This is the Series 12 annual report of the Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP) National Data...

Research report

5 Aug 2008

Osteoporosis is a silent condition that occurs in both men and women. The bones become fragile and brittle, and bone strength is greatly reduced, so that fractures can occur after only minimal trauma. Fractures occur most commonly in the hip, spine and wrist, and can...

Discussion paper

A VCOSS discussion paper on universal housing regulation in Victoria
5 Aug 2008

Universal Housing, Universal Benefits is about the provision of appropriate, whole-of- life housing that is accessible to and meets the future needs of all Victorians.

Universal housing is housing designed to be used by all people to the greatest extent possible. Homes designed to...

Commentary

Article

5 Aug 2008

The government’s major change in policy needs to be followed by changes to the law, argues GEORGE WILLIAMS.

THE reforms announced this week by the immigration and citizenship minister, Senator Chris Evans, mark a historic shift in Australian immigration policy. They come on...

Commentary

Article

5 Aug 2008

Social policy has moved into complex areas where there is no guarantee of success, writes ELIZABETH VAN ACKER.

THE ROLE of liberal democratic governments in the private sphere is changing, and contemporary social policies increasingly involve questions about what constitutes appropriate intervention in...

Commentary

Article

5 Aug 2008

I would like to make the right decisions when it comes to media distribution and use, but some things just don't add up.

Choice + Media. When we put these two concepts together we usually think of channel surfing, search engines and program guides....

Research report

4 Aug 2008

The Rudd Government has announced its intention to introduce an Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), now being referred to as a Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (CPRS), by 2010. Central to the scheme will be the sale by the Federal Government of permits to industrial interests which...

Research report

4 Aug 2008

In this speech at ANU on 29 July, the Minister for Immigration outlines the Labor Government's policy to introduce a new set of values to immigration detention – values that seek to emphasise a risk-based approach to detention and prompt resolution of cases rather than...

Article

9 Dec 2008

This paper considers Tuesday's failure in world trade talks and outlines the three important sets of issues that have been raised by this latest collapse in negotiations.

"Sadly, it’s hardly a surprise that the Doha Round of trade talks has collapsed. The immediate...

Research report

4 Aug 2008

In a new Lowy institute Policy Brief, West Asia Program Director Anthony Bubalo argues that the evolution of Australian policy in West Asia (the Middle East and Southwest Asia) has lagged behind the maturation of Australian interests in this part of the world. 'So what?...

Research report

4 Aug 2008

These presenters at the AIFS Conference 2008 have a range of experience across central government policy areas in New Zealand including labour market, education, women’s affairs and housing. The New Zealand Government has over the last 4 years been undertaking a range of initiatives to...

Research report

4 Aug 2008

“Feeling Safe Being Strong” (FSBS) is a (family) violence primary prevention and early intervention program that targets primary school students in years 3 and 4. The ten-session program is conducted within the host school and works with the entire grade rather than simply identifying and...

Research report

4 Aug 2008

This publication presents information about the labour force characteristics of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Information on labour force characteristics is presented by sex, age, state or territory, and remoteness.

The statistics in this publication were compiled from the monthly Labour Force...

Research report

4 Aug 2008

Higher education expenditure on R&D (HERD) in Australia in 2006 was $5,404.4 million. This represents an increase of 24.9% in current price terms over 2004 and 15.1% in chain volume terms.

This release presents summary statistics on Research and Experimental Development (R&D) undertaken...

Research report

4 Aug 2008

The survey asked managers of agricultural businesses to identify the extent and type of weed, pest, and land and soil problems present on their land, and the activities they undertook to prevent or manage them. It also asked managers of agricultural businesses to provide details...

Essay

1 Aug 2008

Democratic participation faces challenges in many modern societies, including the United States and Hong Kong. Americans are confronting growing executive power and legislative gerrymandering, and the resulting disillusionment of the electorate. Hong Kong citizens are struggling for something more basic about democracy?universal suffrage. New media,...

Research report

1 Aug 2008

Family relationship services are provided by a range of agencies, many of which operate in partnership with the Australian Government. The Australian Government funds and administers community-based agencies to provide support services to families through the Family Relationships Services Program (FRSP) but it does not...

Research report

1 Aug 2008

Research and evaluation activities are becoming more common within agencies across the family relationships sector. This paper presents an example of how an agency gathered data from clients who had started but not completed a program, and applied the findings to improve services and service...

Research report

1 Aug 2008

The Australian nation is a work in progress. So conclude the authors whose views are represented in this most recent offering in the ANZSOG monograph series. From its beginnings as a settler society through to present day concerns about ‘broadbanding the nation’, the nation-building narrative...

Research report

1 Aug 2008

On 20 September 2001, in an address to a Joint Session of Congress and the American people, President George W. Bush declared a ‘war on terror’. The concept of the ‘war on terror’ has proven to be both an attractive and a potent rhetorical device....

Research report

1 Aug 2008

This book explores Australia’s prospective cyber-warfare requirements and challenges. It describes the current state of planning and thinking within the Australian Defence Force with respect to Network Centric Warfare, and discusses the vulnerabilities that accompany the use by Defence of the National Information Infrastructure (NII),...

Research report

1 Aug 2008

This report details the potential state-by-state impact of legislation to accelerate broadband access and use in the United States. The report's findings suggest that the U.S. could realize an economic impact of $134 billion annually by accelerating broadband availability and use across all states.

Research report

1 Aug 2008

This report demonstrates a rise in the migration from television to online viewing for primetime programming in the US.

New data from recent months show online television viewers are using the web not just as fill-in or catch-up, but as TV replacement. This study...

Research report

1 Aug 2008

This report examines the way in which broadband networks interact with the economy, the role they play in creating the conditions for sustainable economic growth and prosperity, and the structural changes they enable. Emphasis is put on the economic impacts, in particular on growth, globalisation...

Research report

1 Aug 2008

While most communications sector analysts concur that the ability to deliver broadband communications is a critical feature of the modern global communications infrastructure, there is limited recent empirical research on the economic effects of broadband. In particular, much of the available research is now several...

Transcript

31 Jul 2008

Some new research on Australians and their use of the internet. Anthony Funnell discusses the latest Sensis e-Business Report and also interviews Julian Thomas about the results from the Australian Arm of the World Internet Project, which honed in on the use and availability of...