October 2008

Discussion paper

1 Aug 2008

In December 2007, the Council of Australian Governments agreed to a partnership between the Commonwealth and state and territory governments to pursue substantial reform in the areas of education, skills and early childhood development, to deliver significant improvements in human capital outcomes for all Australians....

Research report

30 Oct 2008

This report presents the results of the Treasury's economic modelling of the potential economic impacts of reducing emissions over the medium and long term. It spans global, national and sectoral scales, and looks at distributional impacts, such as the implications of emission pricing for the...

Research report

30 Oct 2008

Australian's exploitation of the environment is worse then ever, with the nation now boasting the fifth largest ecological footprint per capita in the world - up from sixth worst just two years ago - according to the WWF biennial assessment of the state of the...

Research report

30 Oct 2008

Australia could become a world leader in creating ‘green’ industries generating up to a million green collar jobs by 2030 and multi-billion dollar export opportunities in green technology, according to this report from ACF and ACTU.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Australia, and the...

Research report

30 Oct 2008

This report is on data collected as part of the Commonwealth State/Territory Disability Agreement National Minimum Data Set (CSTDA NMDS) between 1 July 2006 and 30 June 2007. Disability support services 2006-07 is a report on data collected as part of the Commonwealth State/Territory Disability...

Commentary

Article

2 Nov 2008

IN AUGUST 2000 Australian officials deported Karim Tchoylak to his home country, Algeria. Human rights organisations were warning against deportations to Algeria and Tchoylak’s appeal for asylum was due to be heard by the Federal Court in Perth, but the deportation went ahead. The court...

Article

29 Oct 2008

The Australian Communications and Media Authority is inviting comment on proposals that will increase the coverage that planned digital radio services are able to achieve in Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and Sydney when they commence next year.Compared to AM and FM radio, digital radio offers...

Essay

29 Oct 2008

The short list for this year?s Global Mobile Messaging Awards provides a window to the future. One of the finalists in the Innovation in Messaging category is SpinVox Messenger, an application that ?automatically converts a voice message into text and delivers it directly to the...

Guide

29 Oct 2008

Screen Australia has released draft guidelines for comment covering development support, production financing and Indigenous programs.

Across the board the draft 2009 programs reflect Screen Australia's desire to help develop a vibrant Australian screen industry delivering quality Australian content that resonates with audiences, Fiona...

Research report

28 Oct 2008

This article focuses on data from the General Parent Population Survey, which examines respondents' feelings towards two statements: "The skills needed to maintain a good relationship with their partner come naturally to most people" and "The skills needed to be a good parent come naturally...

Research report

28 Oct 2008

Climate change poses direct and indirect risks to health. Direct risks include physical injury because of more frequent events such as bushfire, and increased heat-related death and disease. Indirect risks include more infectious diseases transmitted through vectors such as insects, and mental and physical health...

Briefing paper

28 Oct 2008

This study explores the future of the Victorian food and farming system in a rapidly changing and more demanding world, focusing on the period between now and 2020. It explores ideas and tries to anticipate and imagine the sorts of activities and investments that will...

Research report

28 Oct 2008

This positioning paper is the first output of a study that aims to critically review a range of approaches to conceptualising need in housing and social policy fields in Australia and internationally. The study seeks to provide an analysis of how housing needs in Australian...

Article

27 Oct 2008

THE global financial crisis has exposed far more than just the number of bad risks on the books of our major financial institutions. As billionaire investment guru Warren Buffet has said, “It’s only when the tide goes out that you learn who’s been swimming naked.”...

Research report

27 Oct 2008

Changing wind systems projected to occur with climate change will alter the surface ocean wave energy felt on Australia's coasts. These changes must be quantified in order to assess the ocean wave resources available for renewable energy generation, and to determine how any changes will...

Research report

27 Oct 2008

This release covers a range of topics including employment in culture, time spent on cultural activities, attendances at cultural venues and events, expenditure on culture, and imports and exports of cultural goods and services.

It also provides profiles of the cultural sectors, grouped according...

Research report

27 Oct 2008

This report provides information on the prevalence of selected lifetime and twelve-month mental disorders by three major disorder groups: anxiety disorders, affective disorders and substance use disorders.

This report provides information on the prevalence of selected lifetime and twelve-month mental disorders by three major...

Research report

27 Oct 2008

As recent experience all too clearly demonstrates, liquid markets do not exist for all financial assets at all times. In some respects, this can be thought of as a market failure. This paper addresses how best to promote asset market liquidity given this market failure,...

Research report

27 Oct 2008

This report sets out the scope and structure of the pathology industry workforce and draws together a summary of the key issues, gaps and opportunities for further work to be undertaken on this issue. A series of consultations was undertaken including meetings in four states/territories...

Research report

27 Oct 2008

Special Disability Trusts (SDTs) were introduced in September 2006 to assist parents and immediate family members wishing to make private financial provision for the current or future accommodation and care of a family member with a severe disability. SDTs were designed to enable families to...

Research report

27 Oct 2008

This chronology summarises regulatory and administrative approaches employed by the federal government to control and monitor research and commercial applications of gene technology from its beginnings until early 2008. In 2008, it became legal for genetically modified canola varieties approved by the Commonwealth’s Office of...

Research report

27 Oct 2008

Currently, in Australia, there are a number of developments suggesting that some of the digital promises and challenges of the past two decades are being addressed. The most visible of these are the impending Digital Education Revolution that promises a computer for every student in...

Research report

27 Oct 2008

Consumers are interested in making healthier food choices but the mandatory nutrition information panel currently in use in Australia is not easily understood or interpreted by most consumers. A simple nutrition signpost would be valuable. This paper reviews two nutrition signposting systems currently being considered...

Research report

27 Oct 2008

The permit system was the mechanism by which the traditional owners of freehold land held in fee simple under the Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976 controlled access to their land and to their communities—that is until the Northern Territory Emergency Response (NTER) removed...

Research report

27 Oct 2008

This report highlights six approaches through which senior secondary students' achievement of employability skills can be assessed and reported. In June 2007, the Australian Council of Educational Research (ACER) undertook a study to investigate the most effective ways of assessing and reporting on the employability...

Research report

27 Oct 2008

This report argues that Australia will increasingly have to find its security in a world of power shifts and greater interconnectedness. The paper provides a global overview and considers such issues as US influence, warfare, the proliferation of WMD, terrorism, Iraq and the Middle East,...

Blog post

27 Oct 2008

One of the main findings of Born Digital regarding piracy was that, out of a sample group of Digital Natives, 90% engaged in ?illegal downloading.? The other 10% downloaded music through iTunes. But only when their parents had given them gift cards to do so....

Article

26 Oct 2008

This analysis of the Federal Government's Cyber-Safety program opposes its implementation.

"On 21 March 2006, the Federal Labor Opposition announced in a media release that a Labor Government would require all Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to implement a mandatory Internet filtering/blocking system.

This...

Article

26 Oct 2008

This article reports on a briefing session on ACTA (Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement) hosted by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. The author notes "consumer and users are extremely under-represented at public discussions such as this one. We looked around the room, and when...

Journal article

27 Oct 2008

Currently, in Australia, there are a number of developments suggesting that some of the digital promises and challenges of the past two decades are being addressed. The most visible of these are the impending Digital Education Revolution that promises a computer for every student in...

Policy

25 Oct 2008

i2010 is the EU policy framework for the information society and media. It promotes the positive contribution that information and communication technologies (ICT) can make to the economy, society and personal quality of life. The European Commission presented it in June 2005 as the new...

Transcript

25 Oct 2008

John Walcott warns: 'Instead of being members of the Fourth Estate, too many Washington reporters have been itching to move up an estate or two.' He also argues against the notion that truth can be found midway between the two opposing poles of any argument....

Research report

25 Oct 2008

Parents and spouses are using the internet and cell phones to create a 'new connectedness' that builds on remote connections and shared internet experiences.

This national survey has found that households with a married couple and minor children are more likely than other...

Research report

24 Oct 2008

In 2006, the Australian Institute of Criminology assessed the effectiveness of state and territory drug diversion programs established by the Illicit Drug Diversion Initiative (IDDI) to reduce illicit drug users' contact with the criminal justice system. This report examines programs run by policing agencies. It...

Research report

24 Oct 2008

Handguns have increasingly become the firearm of choice in both Australia and other English-speaking countries in the commission of violent and other crime. This paper describes the use of handguns to commit lethal and non-lethal crime in Australia; and in light of recent legislative restrictions...

Research report

24 Oct 2008

There has been steady improvement in most socioeconomic outcomes as measured by standard social indicators in the last 35 years. This finding is at dramatic odds with the currently dominant discourse of failure in Indigenous affairs. However, evidence of convergence between Indigenous and...

Research report

24 Oct 2008

The Australian Unity Wellbeing Index monitors the subjective wellbeing of the Australian population.

Our first survey was conducted in April 2001 and this report concerns the 19th survey, undertaken in April 2008. Our previous survey had been conducted six months earlier in November 2007....

Research report

24 Oct 2008

This report examines the implications of climate change for Australia's police forces and officers. It is written by Anthony Bergin and Ross Allen. The report has a number of recommendations including the creation of an information hub and the development of risk assessments of the...

Research report

24 Oct 2008

This bulletin presents analysis of the labour force participation and employment levels among public rental housing tenants in Australia. Using the AIHW National Housing Assistance Data Repository and results from the National Social Housing Survey of public rental housing tenants, we analyse the differences between...

Research report

24 Oct 2008

Juvenile arthritis is one of the common chronic diseases affecting Australian children. The disease contributes significantly to ill health, affecting growth and skeletal maturity of children. The life course of the disease entails a variety of complications, activity limitations and need for regular...

Research report

24 Oct 2008

This study examines non-completion of Year 12 at school for a nationally representative sample of young people who were 15 years old and still attending school in 2003. The study explores relationships between non-completion and selected socio-demographic and school-related factors, and changes in rates of...

Research report

24 Oct 2008

This report argues that an increase in Primary health care would respond better – and faster – to the challenges of a changing world.Why a renewal of primary health care (PHC), and why now, more than ever? Globalization is putting the social cohesion of many...

Research report

24 Oct 2008

The question is often asked 'What will Islamists do to democracy?' But it seems equally valid to ask 'What might democracy do to Islamists?'

This Lowy Institute paper examines how three different Islamist movements, the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, the Prosperous Justice Party in...

Research report

24 Oct 2008

The contest between Senators Barack Obama and John McCain for the presidency of the United States is being followed intently around the world. How much exactly, in terms of U.S. foreign policy, is at stake? Many commentators are emphasising the similarities of the two candidates’...

Research report

23 Oct 2008

Sir Peter Gershon's report provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of a wide range of issues affecting the Government?s use and management of ICT, and also outlines a staged plan for the implementation of recommendations. The Government is currently considering the findings and recommendations.

Journal article

23 Oct 2008

Convergence theorists explore/predict the fusion of a series of previously discrete forms, a process that might be viewed as un-problematically centripetal. This is the longstanding view of the information industry. It produces a particular outcome - there may be local difficulties, but the perceived ontology...

Journal article

23 Oct 2008

Hailed as a revolutionary new transmission technology in 2005, podcasting has to date received relatively little scholarly attention. This essay sets out some basic points of departure for critical analysis of the phenomenon by considering some key aspects of podcasting?s short history. We first analyse...

Journal article

23 Oct 2008

This article is concerned with the lived cultures or cultural practices of gaming - the where, when and with whom gaming occurs. It follows David Morley?s suggestion that we need to decentre the media from our analytical framework in order to grasp both the relations...

Research report

23 Oct 2008

Web standards are good for the Web ? ease of maintenance, cross platform compatibility, access by people with disabilities, the list goes on. But how does the reality of the Web hold up to these ideals? Surely with so many good reasons to code using...

Article

23 Oct 2008

With little notice from the outside world, the community-written encyclopedia Wikipedia has redefined the commonly accepted use of the word "truth."

Unlike the laws of mathematics or science, wikitruth isn't based on principles such as consistency or observa?bility. It's not even based on common...

Commentary

Article

22 Oct 2008

MANY OF US who wonder about the future of media tend to look to the United States for indications of the path ahead. I recently heard David Higgins, for instance, the editor of the News Limited website news.com.au, say that developments in the Australian media...

Commentary

Article

22 Oct 2008

The Stanhope government will need to demonstrate that it has heard the message, writes JOHN WARHURST

REACTIONS to the election result in the Australian Capital Territory vary even among members and supporters of the same party. This stems from two factors: the ups...

Research report

23 Oct 2008

Sir Peter Gershon's report provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of a wide range of issues affecting the Government’s use and management of ICT, and also outlines a staged plan for the implementation of recommendations. The Government is currently considering the findings and recommendations.

Research report

23 Oct 2008

Australian agencies have developed a number of ways to help refugee and newly arrived young people of post-compulsory school age whose levels of education and types of experience do not match what Australian education and training frameworks associate with specific ages. Pathways and Transitions: Post-compulsory...

Research report

23 Oct 2008

The top tax threshold has not kept pace with the astronomical increases in executive salaries writes Richard Denniss. Until recently, the idea that executive salaries might be ‘too high’ was dismissed as evidence that the proponent didn’t understand how the ‘global market for talent’ works....

Research report

25 Mar 2013

This Report Card shows that, despite our economic prosperity, Australian children do not perform as well on indicators of health and wellbeing as children from other countries. In particular, Indigenous Australian children and young people are significantly disadvantaged. Among the findings:

• Australian children...

Discussion paper

23 Oct 2008

This research seeks to identify the range of government and planning related costs that arise through the residential development process, and quantify their relative weight as a proportion of the total cost of development. By using a multiple case study methodology that extends across three...

Research report

23 Oct 2008

This paper provides an overview of the Australian and global pharmaceuticals industries, a discussion of the barriers and drivers to global and Australian industry, a strategic framework for how the industry will achieve a sustainable future and recommendations to achieve this.

The Strategy Group...

Research report

23 Oct 2008

There is more to a successful start to school than the characteristics of an individual child, according to this paper. Readiness for learning and development in the school years depends on a partnership comprising the child, their family, the school, the community and the services...

Research report

23 Oct 2008

In addition to the obvious benefits of early child development for improving the life-chances of individual children, the promotion of early human development is increasingly recognised as benefiting communities and society through longer-term gains in population health, educational outcomes and opportunities for social, civic and...

Research report

23 Oct 2008

Home-based care provided by family members is the most common form of caring for people with disabilities in Australia. However, it is becoming increasingly evident that this model of care is generating enormous health and financial consequences for informal carers.

Carers are experiencing...

Research report

23 Oct 2008

Email, on-line banking, paying bills and news and weather updates are the most common uses of the internet by Australians this year, according to research by ACMA. Email, on-line banking, paying bills and news and weather updates are the most common uses of the internet...

Research report

23 Oct 2008

Drawing on a survey of Australian CEOs, this report highlights the critical importance of lifting the performance of Australia?s broadband network. Among the findings:

Over 93% of companies indicated that the internet has had a positive impact on their efficiency/productivity 66% of businesses believe...

Commentary

Article

23 Oct 2008

The government's review of public broadcasting might be unnecessarily narrow, but there's plenty of fuel for controversy.

Summary

Many of us who wonder about the future of media tend to look to the United States for indications of the path ahead. I...

Research report

21 Oct 2008

This discussion paper sets out why we need a National Disability Strategy and what might be included in such a strategy. It has been prepared to inform people about the Australian government’s plans to improve support and remove barriers for people with disability, their families...

Research report

21 Oct 2008

This report presents national, state and territory data on publicly funded alcohol and other drug treatment services and their clients, including information about the types of drugs for which treatment is sought and the types of treatment provided. This is the seventh report in the...

Research report

21 Oct 2008

All of us, even bankers, financial counsellors and finance lecturers, make poor financial (and other) decisions from time to time. Understanding the basis of our irrationality has always been important, but it has assumed greater importance over the last twenty to thirty years, which have...

Research report

21 Oct 2008

Despite strong economic growth that produced millions of new jobs since the early 1990s, income inequality grew dramatically in most regions of the world and is expected to increase due to the current global financial crisis, according to this report. The report also notes that...

Research report

21 Oct 2008

This Briefing Paper looks at the operation of local government in NSW. It examines the history and constitutional foundation of local government, together with the salient features of the Local Government Act 1993 and the service and regulatory functions set out by the Act....

Research report

21 Oct 2008

Australia–Asia relations — the configuration of policy frameworks and institutions — are inextricably bound with the development of notions of statehood and citizenship. The argument advanced here is that the way a state acts within the international community markedly determines how it relates to its...

Research report

21 Oct 2008

Potential migrants and refugees to Australia are subject to a health assessment in order to determine their eligibility. In most cases (including for humanitarian entrants), the assumed future costs associated with a health condition or disability are taken into account as part of the assessment...

Research report

21 Oct 2008

Rising energy prices combined with technological developments mean that renewable energy sources are becoming increasingly competitive with fossil fuel sources of energy. Mandatory renewable energy targets provide an added incentive to invest in renewable energy sources and the expectation of a modest price for carbon...

Discussion paper

21 Oct 2008

The Commonwealth Government could start injecting tens of millions of dollar into the economy each week by simply increasing the size of a payment such as the age pension. The current slowing in the world economy has raised a number of important issues about the...

Research report

21 Oct 2008

The Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts is seeking submissions on the implications of accession to the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

In its 2007 arts policy, New Directions for the Arts, the...

Research report

20 Oct 2008

In the past, most conversations were ephemeral: spoken words quickly slipped into the past, resurrected only if a listener later repeated them from memory. Today, many discussions and transactions live on indefinitely. Online conversations are often permanently archived and events in the face-to-face world are...

Article

21 Oct 2008

A personal diary, the latest tech gossip, new Web sites of note, hypertext links to upcoming Apple products -- there's a blog for just about every topic under the sun, and the quality of these daily journals is all over the map.

Many...

Article

21 Oct 2008

Australians will be unable to opt-out of the government's pending Internet content filtering scheme, and will instead be placed on a watered-down blacklist, experts say.

Under the government's $125.8 million Plan for Cyber-Safety, users can switch between two blacklists which block content inappropriate...

Research report

21 Oct 2008

The landscape for innovation in Brazil is changing fast. Research budgets are rising. Brazilian scientists and innovators are at the forefront of developments from biofuels to genomics and software. And Brazil is now the fifteenth largest producer of scientific publications, up eight places in under...

Research report

21 Oct 2008

Cheap digital technology and broadband access have broken the moving-image monopoly held by production companies and broadcasters. In its place a new theatre of public information has emerged.

It is a messy, alternative realm of video creation and exchange that extends across the...

Article

20 Oct 2008

Across the US museum and gallery directors are bracing for the effects of an economic crisis that could change everything from the size and kinds of exhibitions a museum presents to the acquisitions it could afford and the merchandise it should offer in its shops....

Research report

21 Oct 2008

This UNESCO Convention seeks to strengthen the five inseparable links of the same chain: creation, production, distribution/dissemination, access and enjoyment of cultural expressions, as conveyed by cultural activities, goods and services.This Convention, adopted by the 33rd General Conference of UNESCO in October 2005, entered into...

Book

18 Oct 2008

It is gradually being recognised by both Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians that getting contemporary Indigenous governance right is fundamental to improving Indigenous well-being and generating sustained socioeconomic development. This collection of papers examines the dilemmas and challenges involved in the Indigenous struggle for the development...

Briefing paper

18 Oct 2008

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the origins of the concepts of social inclusion and exclusion and of key themes and emerging debates about social inclusion in Australia and selected overseas countries.

The concepts of social inclusion...

Research report

18 Oct 2008

This policy statement articulates the Brumby Government's commitment to preventing and reducing harm associated with alcohol misuse in Victoria. It identifies both specific immediate actions to be undertaken and establishes a long-term framework for change that will focus action across government, stakeholders and the wider...

Research report

18 Oct 2008

Circumstances and challenges for sole parents are considered in this article. The interplay between a child's wellbeing and the wellbeing of their parents is emphasised, and a call for understanding and support is made as evidence builds that a focus on quality relationships, regardless of...

Research report

18 Oct 2008

Issues and debates relating to sport and sporting programs are common place within the Australian politcal and media landscape. This series of articles provides informed commentary to assist those interested in these major issues. Issues and debates relating to sport and sporting programs are common...

Research report

18 Oct 2008

This report brings together information from a range of surveys conducted between 2003 and 2006 to paint a picture of carers in contemporary Australian society.Around 2.5 million Australians aged 15 years and over care for someone at home because of a disability or old age....

Research report

18 Oct 2008

Family Relationship Centres (FRCs) offering dispute resolution sessions, child-focused group parenting programs and family counselling have recently been established as part of an ambitious plan to reduce the adversarial approach to family dissolution in Australia (Moloney, 2006). The first 15 centres were opened in July...

Research report

18 Oct 2008

John Langmore from the University of Melbourne writes that after many years of despair about much-needed reform of the Security Council, "a recent move in the General Assembly of an apparently procedural character gives cause for some optimism". Langmore discusses promising reform proposals, and one...

Research report

18 Oct 2008

Although around 14,000 people with immediate housing needs were able to be accommodated through the Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP) on an average day in 2006-07, more than 350, over half of them under the age of 20, were turned away. This report provides information...

Research report

18 Oct 2008

This report analyses data on Non-melanoma skin cancer available from the national general practice, hospitalisation and mortality collections to illustrate the burden of NMSC in Australia. Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common cancer diagnosed in Australia, with around 400,000 new cases per year....

Research report

18 Oct 2008

This report presents national, state and territory data on publicly funded alcohol and other drug treatment services and their clients, including information about the types of drugs for which treatment is sought and the types of treatment provided. Alcohol and other drug treatment services in...

Research report

16 Oct 2008

Over the past decade social exclusion has increasingly been positioned at the forefront of political, academic and lay discourse as the cause of disadvantage. While the definition, measurement and solutions to social exclusion remain open to debate, housing has progressively been positioned as a central...

Research report

16 Oct 2008

The built environment, especially our largest cities, faces substantial change in the next twenty years if it is to meet the increasing demands for carbon neutrality, reduced water consumption and more efficient resource consumption. The industries that design, build, retrofit, manage and maintain the built...

Research report

16 Oct 2008

This article outlines and critically evaluates the case of Ice TV v National Nine Network. This case which is being heard before the High Court of Australia in October 2008 considers the boundaries of copyright protection for compilations.

In October 2008, all seven...

Discussion paper

16 Oct 2008

This discussion paper aims to stimulate ideas and comments about the future roles of Australia's two national broadcasters, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and Special Broadcasting Service, as part of a review of the two organisations. The paper seeks comment on the issues facing the national...

Research report

16 Oct 2008

Marginalised young people really do care about political and social issues, but that their day-to-day experiences often make it difficult for them to take action to create change in their communities, according to the findings of this report.

"Taking action" means something quite different...

Research report

16 Oct 2008

This article outlines and critically evaluates the case of Ice TV v National Nine Network. This case which is being heard before the High Court of Australia in October 2008 considers the boundaries of copyright protection for compilations.

In October 2008, all seven...

Commentary

Article

16 Oct 2008

Support is growing for a different perspective on intellectual property, write BRIAN FITZGERALD and BEN ATKINSON

THE world is riddled with conflicts and many of them don?t take place on battlefields. Some non-military disputes are even global. One such world war is the...

Research report

15 Oct 2008

This report identifies the international research evidence on the social and community effects stemming from various types of social concentration, and proposes effective policy and practice interventions to ameliorate such effects.

Research report

15 Oct 2008

This report looks at how successfully our education and training system is working to meet the needs of young Australians as they make the transition from school to further study and work. It analyses the effectiveness of transitions, including information on who is doing well...

Survey

15 Oct 2008

More people are tuning into community radio stations for the local content, according to this report. The survey found 57 per cent of Australians aged 15 years and above listen to community radio each month, an increase of 10 per cent in the last two...

Journal article

15 Oct 2008

How do licenses participate in Free and Open Source Software (FLOSS) community life? This paper aims to answer this question.

Despite the dynamic character of FLOSS development, the sociological debate has taken for granted a static perspective of communities organized around a restricted...

Journal article

15 Oct 2008

The Google Books and Open Content Alliance (OCA) initiatives have become the poster children of the access digitization revolution. With their sights firmly set on creating digital copies of millions upon millions of books and making them available to the world for free, the two...

Report

Regional Telecommunications Independent Review Committee report 2008
15 Oct 2008

In this first report the committee recommends major changes to telecommunications policy and legislation to ensure ongoing equitable access to broadband, mobile and fixed voice telephony and payphones across the country, and particularly for individuals and businesses in regional, rural and remote parts of Australia....

Technical report

15 Oct 2008

Haystack fires have a range of causes such as lightning strikes, sparks from equipment and machinery and deliberately or accidentally started. However, many haystack fires self-ignite for no apparent reason. This is called spontaneous combustion and is the leading cause of haystack fires in Victoria....

Technical report

15 Oct 2008

The heating of hay results in losses of dry matter, digestible nutrients and energy as a result of a complex chain of biological activities. Palatability will also decline as dust from mould spores develop. If heating continues, chemical reactions can begin, possibly leading to haystack...

Research report

14 Oct 2008

This report deals with the nature and extent of intellectual property crime in Australia, its organisation, social and economic impacts, and the efficacy of responses through legislation, law enforcement and criminal prosecution.

Response strategies encompass surveillance, regulatory mechanisms and litigation. The report calls for...

Research report

14 Oct 2008

This BCA discussion paper argues that the level and structure of taxes imposed fundamentally impact the decisions – such as investment, having and workforce participation – that shape our economic, social and environmental future. The revenues raised by the system can be used to strategically...

Research report

14 Oct 2008

Concessions to major polluters undermine the effectiveness of the government’s proposed emissions trading scheme by delaying indefinitely any carbon reduction. Environmentalists have attempted to persuade the government to change its policy, but these efforts are unlikely to succeed. So why is the government, which is...

Research report

14 Oct 2008

This white paper examines the impacts of the proposed emissions trading scheme on 14 businesses across a range of sectors including minerals processing, manufacturing, oil refining, coal mining and sugar milling. The BCA fully supports adopting a comprehensive emissions trading scheme as the best way...

Research report

13 Oct 2008

The enactment of the Workplace Relations Amendment (Work Choices) Act 2005 significantly altered the framework of federal and state awards which previously constituted the award safety net, in part, supplementing these through the introduction of the Australian Fair Pay and Conditions Standard. Work Choices amended...

Research report

14 Oct 2008

The Northern Territory Emergency Response (NTER), otherwise known as the ‘Intervention’, was announced on 21 June 2007 by the former Australian Government and received in principle bipartisan support from the then Leader of the Opposition. The immediate aims of the NTER measures were to protect...

Essay

13 Oct 2008

Analysis of traffic logs of email received by a large UK ISP shows considerable disparity between the proportions of spam received by addresses with different first characters. This disparity is quite marked when only email addresses that appear to be ?real? are considered. The root...

Article

13 Oct 2008

Will algorithms replace human editors on the web? It?s a bogeyman question on one level, but ask any news site about the percentage of traffic they get from search engines ? and what the trend looks like ? and you?ll realize that algorithms are increasingly...

Journal article

13 Oct 2008

LibraryH3lp is an integrated IM and web chat system designed specifically for Virtual Reference services in libraries. The software was designed for, and is currently used by, a night-time chat reference collaboraton between several large academic libraries. LibraryH3lp is designed for the workflow of chat...

Research report

11 Oct 2008

The Australian economy, which is in its 17th consecutive year of growth, has benefited from remarkable results. But difficult challenges lie ahead, according to this report. How to balance inflation threats and risks of a strong downturn? How to strengthen labour supply? How to enhance...

Research report

10 Oct 2008

This report contains estimates of industry size, employment, income and expenses together with estimates of the production, distribution, import and export of selected information and communication technology goods and services. It also includes a range of performance indicators by employment size, plus state and territory...

Research report

10 Oct 2008

Reel teachers clearly fascinate the public imagination, if we take as evidence the constant release of teacher films over the past 50 years. How real are these filmic images? Is the reel a dangerous distortion of reality, a useful way for teachers to engage with...

Research report

10 Oct 2008

Delivered as a keynote address at SEAMEO Vocational Training and Education Research and Networking Conference in Bali, July 2008, this paper considers the role of evidence in public policy and how research can contribute to better policies and innovations in practice. It argues that the...

Research report

10 Oct 2008

This national study confirms the value of cross-cultural training in developing the cultural competence needed by employees to work effectively with culturally diverse co-workers and customers. The 134 graduates surveyed rated their cross-cultural training highly, reporting improved workplace performance and cultural self-awareness, with most indicating...

Research report

10 Oct 2008

This book offers another frame through which to view the event of the outrigger landing of 43 West Papuans in Australia in 2006. West Papuans have crossed boundaries to seek asylum since 1962, usually eastward into Papua New Guinea (PNG), and occasionally southward to Australia....

Research report

10 Oct 2008

If the government wants a real education revolution it needs to realise that there are no easy or cheap solutions. One of the most important issues facing school education over the next few years is the quality of the future teaching workforce. Indeed, there is...

Research report

10 Oct 2008

This report provides a statistical overview of the output of the sports and physical recreation sector, employment in sports and physical recreation, government outlays on recreation, international trade in sports and physical recreation goods, attendances at sporting events, and participation in sports and physical recreation...

Research report

10 Oct 2008

Australia is by international standards a very healthy country. But if we are to bequeath our children the legacy of the world’s healthiest country, major reductions in disease caused by overweight and obesity, tobacco smoking and harmful consumption of alcohol are needed. Combining these threats...

Research report

9 Oct 2008

ASEAN is the most prominent regional cooperation group in East Asia. Australia has had a multilateral relationship with ASEAN since 1974. In July 2008 Australia appointed an Ambassador specifically to ASEAN and in August together with New Zealand signed a free trade agreement with ASEAN....

Research report

10 Jun 2008

A submission to the Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government in relation to Airport Planning and Development. This report offers a number of summary ideas for new approaches to airport area development and governance that would better integrate airport planning into the...

Research report

10 Sep 2008

The authors of this paper model the determinants of who makes decisions, the principal or an agent, when there are multiple decisions. Decision making takes effort and time; and, once implemented, the expected loss from a particular decision (or project) increases with the length of...

Strategy

10 Oct 2008

The national action plan is a framework which Australian, state and territory governments can use to assess their existing programs, consider new directions and identify new partners to support Indigenous contemporary music, at a pace and level which suits the budgets, situation and timelines of...

Discussion paper

10 Oct 2008

This discussion paper on developing a National Arts and Disability Strategy asks how can we best give people with a disability a voice in the development of arts policy and practices and focusses on the barriers to participation and engagement with the arts in Australia....

Research report

10 Oct 2008

Globalisation has led to increased integration of the world’s economies and technical developments have driven the growth of traded services. The ease with which people can now travel and communicate across international borders has made international transactions commonplace. Engineering services is just one of a...

Research report

10 Oct 2008

This report raises awareness of the importance of telecommunications infrastructure to the community's social and economic well being and aims to generate debate on the appropriate level of telecommunications infrastructure required to meet Australia's needs.The 2007 Telecommunications Infrastructure Report Card was undertaken to raise awareness...

Research report

10 Oct 2008

This Lowy Institute Perspective examines the patterns in Asian military spending in recent years and demonstrates that the region's military modernisation does not equate with an arms race.

In this Lowy Institute Perspective, Visiting Fellow Ric Smith examines the patterns in Asian military spending...

Journal article

9 Oct 2008

Public debate over education has been beset in recent years by highly charged 'literacy wars' between conservatives and progressives, casting a pall of gloom over the direction of education generally. This article argues that the theme of 'digital literacy' has a potential to shift these...

Journal article

9 Oct 2008

The world is facing two urgent crises. The first is the climate change crisis, a result of hundreds of years of problematic use of the planet?s natural resources. The second, this article argues, is a crisis in public education, which is the result of an...

Research report

9 Oct 2008

Public debate over education has been beset in recent years by highly charged 'literacy wars' between conservatives and progressives, casting a pall of gloom over the direction of education generally. This article argues that the theme of 'digital literacy' has a potential to shift these...

Research report

9 Sep 2008

This study tests two possible reform options and finds that they would be an effective way to reduce high effective marginal tax rates for around 450,000 parents, would benefit around 850,000 families, and would deliver additional assistance to middle income families living on the outskirts...

Research report

9 Oct 2008

This paper uses microdata and NATSEM's microsimulation models to examine the spatial distribution of poverty among older single people and to test the likely impact upon national and small area poverty rates of an increase in the single age pension rate.

In recent months...

Commentary

Article

8 Oct 2008

Presidential elections in the United States are decided not by the popular vote but by the election of state delegates to the Electoral College. In this APO Backgrounder, RODNEY TIFFEN describes how the system works and what it means for the result - and looks...

Journal article

9 Oct 2008

Researchers from CCI identify some tensions between formal education and informal learning in the uses of popular literacy since the nineteenth century, in order to argue for a 'demand-led' model of education in digital literacy. We identify some tensions between formal education and informal learning...

Transcript

9 Oct 2008

When the blog search engine Technorati released its annual State of the Blogosphere recently it concluded that the state of the blogosphere is strong. In fact, almost half of the 133 million blogs that have been created since 2002 were created in the past year...

Video

9 Oct 2008

Game designer David Perry says tomorrow's videogames will be more than mere fun to the next generation of gamers. They'll be lush, complex, emotional experiences -- more involving and meaningful to some than real life.

David Perry is the mind behind such famed...

Research report

8 Oct 2008

Using industry data drawn from Victorian energy efficiency audit and implementation programs, it provides a detailed cost benefit analysis of design options for a mandatory investment program (based on energy payback requirements) operated at a multi-jurisdictional level. The analysis highlights the potential benefits that can...

Research report

8 Aug 2008

This paper is one of a pair examining implementation in two states of programs that provide housing and support to people discharged from psychiatric hospitals. The first paper describes the implementation in Victoria of a program established in 1995 by a non-government agency called Neami....

Research report

8 Oct 2008

In 1995, a small non-government organisation called Neami was funded to provide housing and support for 30 former long-stay patients from a local psychiatric institution in Melbourne. Aged between early 20s and early 50s and diagnosed with schizophrenia or related conditions, the patients had been...

Journal article

7 Oct 2008

We propose a new definition of the creative industries in terms of social network markets. The current definition of the creative industries is based on an industrial classification that proceeds in terms of the creative nature of inputs and the intellectual property nature of outputs....

Research report

7 Oct 2008

As an outcome of a 2006 review of e-security arrangements, the department was tasked to develop a cyber exercise program to improve the ability of governments and critical infrastructure owners and operators to manage incidents affecting the National Information Infrastructure. As part of this role,...

Research report

7 Oct 2008

Chalk and talk is a thing of the past with the release of this a new web-based resource that helps vocational education and training professionals engage and interact with learners through e-learning technologies. Your Guide to Social E-learning provides teachers and trainers with a ?how...

Article

7 Oct 2008

"The unfortunate Internet has only one peer when it comes to obfuscation due to an inundation of excessive punditry, and that peer is religion. Internet pundits have been a rather self-satisfied and well-paid class for over a decade and a half, and I am happy...

Journal article

7 Oct 2008

A number of studies have assessed the reliability of entries in the Wikipedia at specific times. One important difference between the Wikipedia and traditional media, however, is the dynamic nature of its entries. An entry assessed today might be substantially extended or reworked tomorrow. This...

Journal article

1 Sep 2008

People are seeking more meaningful and customized information than what is obtained by keywords-based queries and document retrieval through a search engine. In this paper, we look at a set of such services, referred to as social Q&A sites. With sites such as Google Answers,...

Case study

7 Oct 2008

The 2007 Saffron Revolution in Burma was in many ways an unprecedented event in the intersection between politics and technology. There is, of course, the obvious: the event marks a rare instance in which a government leveraged control of nationalized ISPs to entirely black out...

Case study

7 Oct 2008

Written largely through the lens of rich nations, scholars have developed theories about how digital technology affects democracy. However, largely due to a paucity of evidence, these theories have excluded the experience of Sub-Saharan Africa, where meaningful access to digital tools is only beginning to...

Research report

7 Oct 2008

Australia’s organ donation and transplantation system does not meet the nation’s present demand for organs and is unlikely to meet its future needs. This is especially so given that the demand for transplanted organs is anticipated to continue to grow with the ageing of Australia’s...

Research report

7 Oct 2008

This review finds that there are likely to be significant climate change impacts on the biological, economic, and social aspects of Australian fisheries and that there is little consolidated knowledge of the potential impacts of climate change. Both positive and negative impacts are expected, and...

Research report

7 Oct 2008

This report presents a summary of tasks completed as part of the Bureau of Rural Sciences Social Sciences Program contribution to the Water 2010 project. The Water 2010 project is an interdisciplinary cross-Bureau project aimed at addressing the information needed to further develop sound water...

Research report

7 Oct 2008

72 per cent of 2-16 year old children were of a healthy weight, but 17 per cent were overweight, 6 per cent obese and 5 per cent were underweight, according to this summary of the main findings of the survey. The results also indicate that...

Research report

7 Oct 2008

As an outcome of a 2006 review of e-security arrangements, the Attorney-General's Department was tasked to develop a cyber exercise program to improve the ability of governments and critical infrastructure owners and operators to manage incidents affecting the National Information Infrastructure. As part of this...

Research report

7 Oct 2008

Family background is known to have a substantial impact on students’ literacy and numeracy results. This raises questions about whether any of the remaining differences in results are due to school performance – or whether they are merely due to random noise. This article reviews...

Research report

7 Oct 2008

Since its establishment in 1994 the Tribunal has developed a body of practices to mediate native title claims. Substantially these practices follow an orthodox model of mediation, however a range of intervention strategies has emerged which relate specifically to the mediation of native title claims...

Research report

6 Oct 2008

Over the last decade Australians have embraced new information and communication technologies. The majority of Australians now have access to computers and the Internet. By the beginning of 2007 there were 5.67 million households in Australia with home Internet access, with many more individuals accessing...

Research report

6 Oct 2008

The issue of young people and alcohol has recently risen to prominence. To a certain extent, it is not a ‘new’ issue. However a number of trends (including earlier age of initiation, increased alcohol-related hospitalisations in some areas, and changes in gender-related consumption patterns) bring...

Research report

6 Oct 2008

This essay asks whether there is an underlying philosophy of American and Australian conservatism: Is there a unified idea of what it means to be a conservative? Is conservatism a coherent political philosophy? And should it be dropped for something else? The author argues that...

Research report

6 Oct 2008

It has been suggested that the federal government should sponsor an institution, dubbed 'AussieMac', but this paper argues that the such a proposal is unlikely to deliver significant benefits for Australian homebuyers and that government intervention in the market for mortgage-backed securities is an inefficient...

Research report

6 Oct 2008

This report briefly discusses the role for renewable energy in reducing greenhouse emissions in Western Australia, including some potential interactions with emissions trading schemes. It then outlines the current policy environment for renewable energy in WA, before proposing policies to drive additional deployment. This report...

Other text

8 Aug 2008

This paper reviews the achievements and failures of the State Labor Government of Western Australia in addressing environmental issues over their period in office from 2001-2008. The ALP came into Government in 2001 with an extensive environmental platform which was a major part of their...

Research report

6 Oct 2008

This publication examines expenditure on health goods and services in Australia presenting expenditure estimates: at the aggregate level; as a proportion of GDP; on a per person basis; by state and territory; by comparison with selected OECD and Asia-Pacific countries; and by source of funding.Health...

Research report

6 Oct 2008

This publication is the 22nd in the General practice series produced by the Australian General Practice Statistics and Classification Centre, a collaborating unit of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and the University of Sydney. It reports the results of the tenth year of...

Research report

6 Oct 2008

This publication is the 23rd in the General Practice Series produced by the Australian General Practice Statistics and Classification Centre, a collaborating unit of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and the University of Sydney. It presents results from each of the ten years...

Research report

6 Oct 2008

This report presents an analysis of the data from the first wave of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) to explore the wellbeing of over 10,000 Australian infants and children. This report presents an analysis of the data from the first wave of the...

Research report

4 Oct 2008

Despite the growth of domestic and international markets in second homes to be used for holidays (rather than as private let investments) there has been little research on this issue in the Australian context. Similarly, there has been little work outside what have been termed...

Research report

4 Oct 2008

Contrary to popular belief, the majority of Indigenous Australians live in cities and towns rather than remote areas of the country, yet remain segregated and 'invisible' from the daily lives of non-Indigenous Australians. In 2006, the Australian Indigenous population surpassed half a million. Yet while...

Research report

4 Oct 2008

In the past decade, there has been an increasing reliance on electronic means of transferring funds for personal and business purposes. One recent development has been the emergence of plastic cards with the capacity to store value electronically, which can be used for a range...

Research report

4 Oct 2008

Domestic and family violence related homelessness is a widespread and growing problem in Australia. However, establishing the true extent of domestic and family violence is difficult. There is no ‘typical’ woman who becomes homeless because of domestic and family violence. Such violence can and does...

Research report

4 Oct 2008

This Briefing Paper looks at the operation of local government in NSW. The paper examines the history and constitutional foundation of local government, together with the salient features of the Local Government Act 1993 and the service and regulatory functions set out by the Act....

Research report

4 Oct 2008

It is now a little over ten years since the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC) and the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (now the Australian Human Rights Commission) released the landmark report Seen and Heard: Priority for Children in the Legal Process (ALRC 84,...

Research report

19 Nov 1997

This inquiry into the way children and young people are treated by the legal system and legal processes began on 28 August 1995. This was a joint inquiry conducted by the ALRC in conjunction with the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (HREOC). Two Issues...

Research report

4 Oct 2008

Increasing pressure is being placed on health-care providers within the alcohol and other drugs (AOD) sector to demonstrate objective treatment outcomes and effectiveness of the services they provide. To respond to the needs of the treatment sector, current, comparable and accurate information is needed. Within...

Research report

3 Oct 2008

This report provides a summary of measures which relate to the fourteen headline dimensions of progress presented in the Bureau's Measures of Australia's Progress (MAP) project.

It presents the headline indicators (where a headline indicator is available) at the national level, and a brief...

Research report

3 Oct 2008

The select committee was established in March this year to report to the Senate twice yearly until the end of the current parliament on four broad issues, including the impact of state and territory government policies on the wellbeing of regional and remote Indigenous communities,...

Research report

3 Oct 2008

This report makes recommendations aimed at setting a clearer future for mental health in Australia, providing greater accountability, improving the programs and services that already exist and addressing some of the remaining gaps and shortfalls. The committee considers that further investment, leadership and cooperation are...

Research report

3 Oct 2008

Adults with a disability can face particular barriers to disclosure of sexual assault and the responses to those who disclose are often inadequate. Enabling disclosure and providing the most appropriate responses across public policy, the criminal justice system and the service sector require further and...

Research report

3 Oct 2008

This review aims to describe aspects of the social and emotional wellbeing of Indigenous Australian people and elements of the Australian contexts in which they live. A deliberate emphasis is made here to highlight major signposts, research findings and interventions concerning Indigenous people. Darren Garvey...

Research report

3 Oct 2008

In September 2008 the Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government invited input into the Aviation Security Screening Review. The Department issued two documents to guide comments: Overview, a summary of key issues addressed by the review and Human Factors - Special Circumstances...

Article

2 Oct 2008

This paper offers evidence supporting an alternative, process-based approach to understanding online copyright infringement; an approach focused on factors that encourage voluntary deference, cooperation and compliance, rather than attempting to induce it with threats of punishment.

In recent years, the opportunities for content creation...

Book

2 Oct 2008

Australian cities have traditionally relied for their water on a ‘predict-and-provide’ philosophy that gives primacy to big engineering solutions. In more recent years privatised water authorities, seeking to maximise consumption and profits, have reinforced the emphasis on increasing supply. Now the cities must cope with...

Commentary

Article

2 Oct 2008

The fact that something needs to be done doesn't mean that this was the right thing, writes JACK WATERFORD

“THIS is a huge cow patty with a piece of marshmallow stuck in the middle of it, and I am not going to eat...

Book review

2 Oct 2008

Human Rights Overboard: Seeking Asylum in Australia Linda Briskman, Susie Latham and Chris Goddard Scribe, $35 Reviewed by Amy Nethery

BY EARLY 2003, Mohammad Mastipour, an Iranian national, and his seven-year-old daughter Massoumeh had been detained at Baxter immigration detention centre for two...

Book review

2 Oct 2008

Morality and Political Violence C. A. J. Coady Cambridge University Press, $47.75 Reviewed by Geoffrey Barker

WARFARE and terrorism have always been morally complex and confronting. The resort to armed force by nations and non-state groups raises deeply troubling questions about the moral...

Essay

2 Oct 2008

In this essay the 'Social Mobile's Long Tail' refers to our tendency to aim for large-scale, top-down, capital- and time-intensive mobile solutions that simply result in the creation of tools which only the larger, more resource-rich NGOs are able to adopt and afford. Having worked...

Research report

30 May 2008

This evaluation of the Regional Cultural Partnership Program of Regional Arts Victoria focused on the roles of Regional Arts Development Officers based in diverse regions centred on Horsham, Ballarat and Sale.Since 2004, Regional Arts Victoria has developed a particular model for using the national Regional...

Research report

1 Oct 2008

The analysis in this paper examines the effect of housing assistance programs on aspects of labour market behaviour and outcomes in Australia. The relationship between housing assistance and labour market behaviour is a key concern of policy makers. In fact, a guiding principle of the...

Research report

1 Oct 2008

The OECD has found that Australia’s economic performance is not as strong as might be expected given the strength of its economic policy settings. Differences in geography – distance to world markets, natural resource endowments, and population settlement patterns – help explain differences in economic...

Research report

1 Oct 2008

Marriages continue to increase in 2007. Over 116,000 marriages were registered in Australia during 2007, according to new figures released today by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).Over 116,000 marriages were registered in Australia during 2007, according to new figures released today by the Australian...

Research report

1 Oct 2008

This report from the Australia Council for the Arts predicts that major performing arts companies need to keep pace with economic and social trends.

Anticipating Change in the Major Performing Arts predicts trends such as rapid development in the Asia region and...

Survey

1 Oct 2008

Tracking Changes in Corporate Sponsorship and Private Donations 2008 tracks and analyses levels of corporate sponsorship and private donations for the major performing arts sector from the years 2003 to 2007.

AMPAG's 2008 survey has found that donations to performing arts organisations has jumped...

Research report

30 Jun 2008

The mobile telecommunications industry contributes substantially to the Australian economy. In addition to its direct contributions, it drives productivity gains throughout the economy according to this 2008 Access Economics report. Access Economics was commissioned by The Australian Mobile Telecommunications Association (AMTA) to conduct an analysis...

Article

1 Oct 2008

It seems almost too easy. Answer a simple quiz question, send the answer away by SMS and win a $2499 MacBook Air. But the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission argues this high-rotation television advertisement and others like it mislead viewers. While the quiz might have...

Research report

1 Oct 2008

This report is the executive summary for the Perth Creative Industries' Mapping Project - a geographical analysis and qualitative analysis of the Creative Industries in Perth.The Creative and Cultural Industries are those areas of practice that turn original creative content into commercial outcomes. They draw...

Research report

1 Oct 2008

Given the tightening fiscal environment across all regions of the UK and the stated priorities of Government in the areas of health, education and the development of the infrastructure, there is significant pressure on all departments to justify their current levels of funding. In addition,...