November 2008

Research report

1 Dec 2008

Sea level rise due to climate change has the potential to significantly influence floodplain management in NSW. This paper provides a description of the likely effects of a sea level rise of up to 1 m on urban developments. This is followed with a preliminary...

Research report

1 Dec 2008

The Prosperous Justice Party (PKS) is the most interesting phenomenon in contemporary Indonesian politics. Not only is it growing rapidly in membership and electoral support, it is also bringing a new and markedly different approach to Islamic politics, one which has no precedent in Indonesian...

Research report

1 Dec 2008

Tasmania’s economic performance has experienced changing fortunes over the past two decades. This development provided a unique opportunity to investigate the drivers of this change and to find out if there are lessons for regional policy.

Research report

1 Dec 2008

This release includes latest life tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians and data on total births, deaths, and changes in migration, together with the outcome of the Review of the Australian Standard Geographical Classification, 2008.

Research report

1 Dec 2008

This report investigates the support and accommodation needs of women (and children) affected by domestic and family violence.

Research report

1 Dec 2008

Following concerns raised about the Subclass 457 visa program, this report inquiry was commissioned to recommend changes to the scheme. This report recommends that the government should:

• abolish the minimum salary level in favour of market rates of pay for all temporary visa...

Research report

1 Dec 2008

Under the Copyright Act 1968, authors and publishers who create a book are automatically entitled to a number of ‘exclusive rights’ over their work. Copyright protection of a book makes it illegal for others to make copies of that book without the permission of the...

Research report

1 Dec 2008

Climate change is not only affecting where people live and prosper but also where mosquitoes do. This is bad news for northern Australia and Australia's northern neighbours. In a new policy brief, Dr Sarah Potter, a malaria research scientist, analyses how climate change will likely...

Research report

1 Dec 2008

The National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission commissioned the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare to undertake projections of Australian health care expenditure using the Institute's disease expenditure projection model. The report projects health and residential aged care expenditure for the period 2003 to 2033....

Research report

1 Dec 2008

Unintentional falls, transport-related injury, intentional self-harm and assault are common causes of hospitalised injury in the Australian community. Injuries due to these and other causes are described in this report.

This report presents national statistics on injuries that resulted in admission to hospitals in...

Research report

1 Dec 2008

Norway leads the world in closing the gender gap between men and women, according to this report. Three other Nordic countries - Finland, Sweden and Iceland - also top the report's Gender Gap Index. Australia ranks 21st out of 130 countries. Norway leads the world...

Research report

1 Dec 2008

This policy brief discusses the issue of land use planning (land use policy, land care and land use planning) in the Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) and the need for countries to formulate realistic land use policies as a means to preventing further degradation...

Research report

1 Dec 2008

Invertebrate export fisheries are persistently overfished as a result of the local population’s greater fishing capacity and growing need for cash, coupled with an expanding market in China and “fly-by-night” investment by the marine products sector with little interest in long-term sustainability. This brief paper...

Research report

1 Dec 2008

Nurses have been found to be exposed to a wide range of occupational hazards. They are particularly vulnerable to several diseases and injuries, including musculoskeletal injuries, latex allergies and needlestick injuries. Concerns have been raised in the research literature that rural and remote workplaces pose...

Research report

1 Oct 2008

The relationship between income inequality and national savings is theoretically ambiguous, and past empirical studies have delivered mixed results. The authors of this paper revisit the question using a newly available source of data on inequality: the income share of the richest 10 percent and...

Research report

1 Dec 2008

This paper outlines Australia's experience with labour market programs since 1973 and uses existing information to assess the effectiveness of the programs, especially those which are designed to assist the unemployed, wage subsidies and direct job creation.

Commentary

Article

27 Nov 2008

All sides of politics agree that a German-style national feed-in tariff to encourage rooftop solar power makes sense. But Christine Milne’s bill to create the tariff is going nowhere. PETER MARES explains why on our partner website, Inside Story.

Article

27 Nov 2008

"Shirky?s terrific new book, Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations , is an excellent primer for those journalists who feel confused by the impact technology is having on their industry?those who, at some fundamental level, feel they don?t get the Internet. Only...

Research report

27 Nov 2008

The Rudd government has two stated goals in health policy: to end the cost shifting and the blame game between the Commonwealth and the states and territories, and an increased focus on prevention and primary care in order to address the predicted impact of a...

Research report

27 Nov 2008

As politicians reaffirm their commitment to free trade at the G20 and APEC, this paper argues that they should make sure they practice what they preach. In Australia’s case, this means reforming restrictive rules on foreign direct investment.

In a new report released by...

Commentary

Article

27 Nov 2008

The Howard Years interprets the Coalition government through the prism of the present, writes PETER BRENT on our partner website, Inside Story.

Commentary

27 Nov 2008

The link between climate change and migration is more complex than it might seem, writes DAVID CORLETT in this extract from his new book, Stormy Weather: The Challenge of Climate Change and Displacement.

Article

27 Nov 2008

Why are young people turning away from the mainstream media? And where are they going to get their political news and information?

The proliferation of the Internet and the rising popularity of digital video recording products like Tivo have created a culture of...

Research report

27 Nov 2008

The Productivity Commission has been asked to report within six months on the current provisions of the Copyright Act 1968 (the 'Copyright Act') that restrict the parallel importation of books, and provide advice on the potential for reform in the area.

The Commission will...

Research report

26 Nov 2008

The Australian Government has announced its intention to introduce emissions trading in 2010 by establishing the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (CPRS), which will set a ‘cap’ on greenhouse gas emissions. Permits equivalent to this cap will be auctioned or given away to the largest 1000...

Research report

26 Nov 2008

Military force projection is the self-reliant capacity to strike from mainland ports, bases and airfields to protect Australia’s sovereignty as well as more distant national interests.

Force projection is not just a flex of military muscle in times of emergency or the act...

Research report

26 Nov 2008

Over the past decade, changes to Australia’s retirement income policy have been announced in almost every Federal Budget, with no signs yet that reform is coming to an end. Indeed, the Simpler Super reforms announced in the 2006 Federal Budget have been described as the...

Research report

26 Nov 2008

First published in 1997 and updated in 2001, 2003 and 2005, Face the Facts has become a permanent feature of the Australian Human Rights Commission's, contribution to informed factual public debate about race, Indigenous peoples and cultural diversity in Australia. This edition of Face the...

Research report

26 Nov 2008

In the context of Education Minister Julia Gillard's interest in emulating Joel Klein's 'Children First' school assessment model in New York City, this paper argues that the model has not produced remarkable outcomes, and it will not address the issues of inequity and achievement in...

Research report

26 Nov 2008

Since legalised gaming was introduced in Victoria in the early 1990s, the Victorian community has developed many strategies and initiatives to educate and support individuals and communities on gambling issues. One population group - recently-arrived refugees - does not share the same understanding about gambling...

Research report

26 Nov 2008

This bulletin analyses the diversity of community housing tenants and households, their workforce participation and main sources of income as well as tenant pathways and their future expectations.This bulletin looks at those community housing tenants that responded to the 2007 National Social Housing Survey. The...

Research report

26 Nov 2008

The movement of people between acute hospital care and residential aged care has long been recognised as an important issue, but existing national data sets provide only limited information on such movement. This report presents the first comprehensive statistical results into issues affecting movement from...

Commentary

Article

25 Nov 2008

THE year was 1967. The Harold Holt-led Australian government was introducing “integration” as the guiding principle for immigrant settlement. In the domestic sphere bipartisan agreement had led to the passing of a constitutional amendment to include Indigenous Australians in national government responsibilities. Two years previously...

Research report

25 Nov 2008

Social network sites, online games, video-sharing sites, and gadgets such as iPods and mobile phones are now fixtures of youth culture. They have so permeated young lives that it is hard to believe that less than a decade ago these technologies barely existed. Today?s youth...

Research report

26 Nov 2008

The Foundation and the USC Annenberg Norman Lear Center?s Hollywood, Health & Society examined three seasons (2004-2006) of top-ten-rated prime time scripted shows to measure the prevalence of health content on entertainment shows and to categorize the type of health content on prime time television....

Research report

26 Nov 2008

In order to document how well viewers learn health information from entertainment television, the Foundation worked with writers at Grey's Anatomy to embed a health message in an episode, and then surveyed viewers on the topic before and after the episode aired. The study included...

Article

26 Nov 2008

For Netflix, and a host of other online companies, being able to recommend another film, book or song you might like has become the holy grail of Internet business. As the New York Times Magazine?s Clive Thompson explains, the information is so valuable that Netflix...

Book

25 Nov 2008

In the course of human (and nonhuman) history, it is rare enough for a significant new regime of recording the past to develop. There have been two in the past millennium before the present change: the development of the practices of written record keeping and...

Chapter

25 Nov 2008

While the implications of peer-to-peer exchange for the media industries have attracted considerable public attention, there has been much less consideration of how these exchanges operate in the everyday practices of individuals. In a world of networked and viral cultural exchange of cultural life captured...

Research report

25 Nov 2008

In recent years the overall number of people, engaging in tourist activity, in Australia and in NSW, has declined. While the number of inbound tourists has slightly increased, the number of Australians, locally participating in tourist activity, has decreased.

The contribution of tourism, to...

Research report

25 Nov 2008

This report examines how violence against women specifically affects children and young people. It looks at the nature of violence they experience in their homes and their own relationships, its impacts, and the priorities for action if efforts to prevent violence among, and protect, young...

Commentary

Article

24 Nov 2008

THE execution of the Bali bombers by Indonesia has once again brought the death penalty into the spotlight. It has also exposed some messy contradictions in Australia’s position. While we have abolished capital punishment, we have failed to argue consistently for its eradication elsewhere. The...

Discussion paper

24 Nov 2008

This discussion paper is part of a review of the broadcaster's self regulation framework, including the setting of editorial standards. The review will examine the processes through which the ABC:

Sets standards for itself in its Editorial Policies and the Code of Practice derived...

Research report

24 Nov 2008

Armed forces around the world are making increasing use of part-time personnel to sustain operational deployments and to deliver levels of capability beyond those possible with their full-time forces. This report argues that some changes could help the ADF Reserve forces to provide more capability....

Research report

24 Nov 2008

This Briefing Paper considers the issue of asylum seekers in Australia. The paper commences with a summary of the current Federal Government’s policy with respect to asylum seekers, in particular immigration detention. It also considers the Federal Joint Standing Committee on Migration’s Inquiry into Immigration...

Research report

24 Nov 2008

This report examines the utility of employing cost-benefit analysis for measuring national counter-terrorism expenditures. In a period of global financial turmoil and economic uncertainty, governments need better metrics and more rigorous assessment tools for national security planning.

The report, authored by Carl Ungerer,...

Research report

24 Nov 2008

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is in serious trouble. While it receives much less attention from the Australian media than the Solomon Islands or East Timor, it is nonetheless in crisis. Unlike the Solomon Islands, which exploded, PNG is on slow burn. The purpose of this...

Research report

24 Nov 2008

The recent turmoil on world financial markets had led many to wonder whether, this time, capitalism as we know it might really be finished. Whatever form the new capitalism takes, it will be different from the old. For the foreseeable future, the ideology of the...

Research report

24 Nov 2008

Observers typically claim that a political leader succeeded or failed because he (less often she) was charismatic, strong, principled, arrogant, ideological, popular, in touch with the people, or an out and out bastard. Such judgments usually ignore the more interesting dilemma of how leaders must...

Research report

24 Nov 2008

In September this year, Sydney IVF became the first Australian fertility clinic to be issued with a licence to produce human cloned embryos exclusively for research purposes. This was the culmination of political developments which saw Australia move from a ban on therapeutic cloning in...

Research report

24 Nov 2008

This paper examines the extent to which Indigenous Australians have shared in the large expansion of the Australian workforce that is revealed by a comparison of 2001 and 2006 census results.

It considers whether this is reflected in changes to regional patterns of Indigenous...

Research report

24 Nov 2008

This discussion paper is part of a review of the broadcaster's self regulation framework, including the setting of editorial standards. The review will examine the processes through which the ABC:

• Sets standards for itself in its Editorial Policies and the Code of Practice...

Report

24 Nov 2008

This paper makes use of the 2006 and two previous Censuses in order to present a snapshot of the evolution of Australian housing and highlight the changes in the way Australians consume housing. In particular, this essay pays attention to the ways in which housing...

Research report

24 Nov 2008

The national picture is one of difference between the lives of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians across nearly all the Census dimensions. The Indigenous population is significantly younger and growing at a faster rate; the economic items reveal broad-scale division; cultural differences are apparent around language...

Research report

24 Nov 2008

The extraordinary developments in global financial markets over the past couple of months have, understandably, undermined households’ confidence in their finances. This has occurred around the world.

Households have seen incredible volatility in financial prices. Daily movements in share prices of several percentage...

Research report

24 Nov 2008

The Standing Committee of Attorneys-General is working on a project to design a national model Bill for a spent-convictions scheme. A spent-convictions scheme provides for certain criminal convictions to be disregarded, for most purposes, after a sufficient period of good behaviour. All Australian jurisdictions except...

Research report

24 Nov 2008

This report proposes a single administrative and corporate service structure for the total federal family law system designed to meet the requirements of litigants and their families. It recommends that existing Federal Magistrates be offered commissions to the General Division of the Family Court which...

Research report

24 Nov 2008

This report provides a comprehensive overview of Australia’s electricity and natural gas markets. It supplements the more technical reports the AER publishes and is written for a wide audience including government, industry and the broader community.

This year’s report includes more detailed coverage of...

Essay

24 Nov 2008

This paper addresses three aspects of creativity in Australian society:

Creative work: Significant numbers of people work in jobs that involve the exercise of creative skills. Is it possible to identify a creative workforce and to assess its contribution to the Australian economy? And...

Blog post

22 Nov 2008

Aside from being innovators themselves, Digital Natives are also forcing businesses to innovate. The entertainment industries, confronted with the breakdown of traditional distribution models for music and movies, are one particular striking example. But this is also true on a more microlevel even for local...

Literature review

22 Nov 2008

The following is an early draft of the Literature Review produced by the Research Advisory Board (RAB) for the Internet Safety Technical Task Force (ISTTF). The Internet Safety Technical Task Force was formed to consider the extent to which technologies can play a role in...

Research report

22 Nov 2008

Today, more than 40 percent of all homes in the United States contain at least one video game console. Recognizing that all that gaming could add up to serious demand for electricity, NRDC and Ecos Consulting performed the first ever comprehensive study on the energy...

Research report

22 Nov 2008

CTN has written several policy submissions regarding National Broadband Network and produced the Accessible Broadband for All Australians Report . A consice one page summary of our positions has been written to inform members of our policy on this crucial issue.

Research report

21 Nov 2008

The aim of this brief is to:

• alert governments to some of the risks that climate change poses to the fisheries priorities of the Pacific Plan and the actions identified in the Vava’u Declaration on Pacific Fisheries Resources; and

•...

Research report

21 Nov 2008

The right to food security is central to human development and many of the major human rights treaties. It is also implicit in Goal 1 of the Millennium Development Goals – eradicating extreme poverty and hunger.

Food security is under threat in the...

Research report

20 Nov 2008

This new book, based on the findings of a year long research project, offers a clear strategy through the uncertainty and controversy surrounding the current education agenda. The message that emerges from the research is that piecemeal reforms to schooling will not provide solutions to...

Research report

20 Nov 2008

Using data on the Northern Territory’s Indigenous population and deaths—the most accurate in the country—this report explores current methods used to estimate Indigenous life expectancy, and found that estimates can change by as much as 10 years merely by making small changes in the data...

Research report

20 Nov 2008

Jennifer Buckingham examines the school report cards scheme being considered by the Australian government and recommends a balanced approach to performance incentives for Australian schools.

The most controversial aspect of school report cards is the awarding of an overall letter grade of A,...

Research report

20 Nov 2008

This research report explores the experiences of workers in community service organisations working with clients with problematic drug use. Problematic alcohol, tobacco and other drug (ATOD) use is associated with a range of indicators of social exclusion including homelessness, unemployment, under-achievement at school, crime, family...

Book

20 Nov 2008

This new book, based on the findings of a year long research project, offers a clear strategy through the uncertainty and controversy surrounding the current education agenda. The message that emerges from the research is that piecemeal reforms to schooling will not provide solutions to...

Commentary

Article

19 Nov 2008

Australia has become a case study in how not to run child-care services, writes DEBORAH BRENNAN on Inside Story. How did this happen and what should we do about it?

Commentary

Article

18 Nov 2008

Keynesian economics never really went away, argues GEOFFREY BARKER on Inside Story, and his logic and judgement are as relevant as ever.

Commentary

Article

18 Nov 2008

AS IS WELL KNOWN, on 30 September 2008 the first unauthorized boat arrivals of the Rudd Government era were intercepted by the Australian Navy off the coast of Western Australia and taken to Christmas Island. The boat, which had departed from Indonesia, carried twelve passengers...

Research report

18 Nov 2008

Arts Council England is planning to introduce new processes of self-assessment and peer review for their regularly funded organisations. The development and introduction of these processes will be a major element in their ambition to strengthen relationships with regularly funded organisations in order to reinforce...

Guide

18 Nov 2008

Online technologies make a powerful contribution to university teaching and learning. The widespread adoption of learning management systems in higher education and the prevalence of subject-based websites reflect this. It is not only distance education students who benefit from the potential of online support for...

Research report

19 Nov 2008

This exploratory study examines the relationships between article and Talk page contributions and their effect on article quality in Wikipedia. The sample consisted of three articles each from the hard sciences, soft sciences, and humanities, whose talk page and article edit histories were observed over...

Research report

18 Nov 2008

Modern information and communication technologies open doors to a wealth of information. But many users find it difficult to set up these devices and frustrating when they break.

According to a recent survey by the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project, nearly...

Research report

18 Nov 2008

This paper outlines the current debate over the Commonwealth Government's filtering scheme for internet content and the practice of governments in other countries.

It concludes: 'With the limited exceptions of Germany and Italy, mandatory ISP level filtering is not a feature of any...

Working paper

19 Nov 2008

The purpose of this working paper is to explore how much of this phenomenon is driven by SMEs. Is the transformation towards a knowledge based economy also seeing a shift to what some people call an ?entrepreneurial economy?? Or is the knowledge economy seeing the...

Research report

18 Nov 2008

Luke Morgan, Senior Policy Officer at the Western Australian Department of Agriculture and Food, writes, 'Awareness and adaptation to climate change during the past 30 years has been emerging, with most sectors only responding in the last five to 10 years. Most past responses focused...

Research report

18 Nov 2008

Climate change leading to rising temperatures and increasing rainfall variability will affect different regions and people in different ways. The implications of climate change for pastoral livelihoods are not yet fully understood. Two opinions prevail. Some see pastoral groups as the ‘canaries in the coalmine’...

Research report

18 Nov 2008

In February 2008, the federal government asked the Productivity Commission to recommend a national paid maternity, paternity, and parental leave scheme. In September, the commission released its draft report, calling for eighteen weeks of parental leave and two weeks of paternity leave. Mothers who did...

Research report

18 Nov 2008

On 1 July 2008, NSW underwent the biggest shake-up of liquor licensing laws in 25 years with the passing of the Liquor Act 2007 and cognate legislation and the making of associated regulations.

The new package creates a new liquor regulatory authority, establishes...

Research report

18 Nov 2008

This paper outlines the current debate over the Commonwealth Government's filtering scheme for internet content and the practice of governments in other countries.

It concludes: 'With the limited exceptions of Germany and Italy, mandatory ISP level filtering is not a feature of any of...

Research report

18 Nov 2008

Online technologies make a powerful contribution to university teaching and learning. The widespread adoption of learning management systems in higher education and the prevalence of subject-based websites reflect this. It is not only distance education students who benefit from the potential of online support for...

Article

17 Nov 2008

This article examines a range of social networking sites from the perspective of opening up the software behind these to create an open software services ecology.

"The news in this space is good and bad. Good, because there are a lot of Free and...

Article

17 Nov 2008

This 2006 article argues: It is commonly said that copyright matters because it encourages the production of socially beneficial, culturally significant expressive content. Excessive focus on copyright law and policy, however, can obscure other information practices that also produce beneficial and useful expression. The functions...

Article

17 Nov 2008

An important reason for the Internet's remarkable growth over the last quarter century is the "end-to-end" principle that networks should confine themselves to transmitting generic packets without worrying about their contents. Not only has this made deployment of internet infrastructure cheap and efficient, but it...

Guide

17 Nov 2008

This document is a code of best practices that helps educators using media literacy concepts and techniques to interpret the copyright doctrine of fair use. Fair use is the right to use copyrighted material without permission or payment under some circumstances?especially when the cultural or...

Research report

17 Nov 2008

This report updates stakeholders on activities undertaken by governments and other organizations with regard to bridging the digital divide between less and more affluent countries and other WSIS objectives between 2005 to mid 2008.The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) serves as a platform...

Research report

17 Nov 2008

This project redesigned AHURI's comprehensive housing market microsimulation model that provides policy analysts with a capacity to anticipate the quantitative impacts of economic and policy changes on the drivers of housing supply and demand and housing tenure outcomes, and provides reliable estimates of government budgetary...

Research report

17 Nov 2008

HREOC has commissioned the Australian Multicultural Foundation, (AMF) in association with RMIT University and Monash University, to prepare a report on Freedom of Religion and Belief in the 21st Century. This team will consult with the Australian Partnership of Religious Organisations (APRO) in preparing its...

Research report

17 Nov 2008

This report finds that between 2001 and 2004, the percentage of mid-age women doing 30 minutes of physical activity on most days rose from 45 to 54 per cent. This was primarily attributed to walking. The benefits of physical activity can include the prevention of...

Research report

16 Nov 2008

Only four per cent of 17 year olds in a this study had not completed Year 12, participated in an alternative vocational program or found full time employment. The majority of those who did not complete Year 12 were fully engaged in employment, education or...

Research report

16 Nov 2008

Education and training in Australia are increasingly operating in an internationalised environment. Overseas students are major sources of funds and enrolments, Australian institutions operate overseas and form a wide range of international partnerships, and holders of Australian qualifications work throughout the world. This paper discusses...

Discussion paper

16 Nov 2008

The Australian government is considering whether Australia should accede to the United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts 2005. This consultation paper seeks public comment on whether Australia should accede to the Convention, and on proposed amendments to allow this...

Research report

16 Nov 2008

While some individual builders may have genuine grievances, this report finds that there is nothing to suggest a significant systemic problem with this scheme. The committee agrees that there is a need for better information to consumers. The report includes a dissenting view from the...

Research report

16 Nov 2008

Australia had a long and illustrious association with 'space science'. The first Australians used the patterns of the stars to guide them to seasonal food sources. Captain Cook arrived here on the way home from a voyage to chart the transit of Venus, with the...

Research report

16 Nov 2008

As leader of the opposition before the 2007 election, and now as prime minister, Kevin Rudd promised that a constitutional referendum to introduce fixed House terms would be held on the same day as the next Commonwealth election. The fact that Australian prime ministers have...

Article

15 Nov 2008

The Yolngu studies program at Charles Darwin University has been active in the teaching of Yolngu (East Arnhemland Aboriginal) languages and culture, in collaborative transdisciplinary research, and in community engagement for well over ten years. The original undergraduate teaching program was set up under the...

Essay

15 Nov 2008

Urban spaces have become blended even more seamlessly with their portrayal. Such representations are generated via a broad range of media which both influence and sculpt our sense of their constitution so that our sense of what the urban is is inflected by a range...

Research report

15 Aug 2008

In supporting young children and their families, we need to use the available resources in ways that are both effective (that achieve the outcomes we are seeking) and efficient (that do so with least amount of effort and cost). Among other things, this involves...

Research report

15 Nov 2008

EVOLUTION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD INTERVENTION PRACTICE

In its relatively short history, the field of early childhood intervention has evolved rapidly, and a number of well-documented trends have become evident. In response to social change and service developments, the field has continued to evolve and...

Research report

15 Nov 2008

This study examines whether the factors that determine the welfare participation of women who experienced teenage motherhood differ from the factors that determine the welfare participation of women who had their first child at an older age. The authors examine these factors across the lifetimes...

Research report

15 Nov 2008

This bulletin presents an overview of prevalence of intellectual disability and its related impairments, health conditions and activity limitations. People with an intellectual disability represent a very significant client group of disability services in Australia, reflecting the priority given to this group and the origins...

Research report

15 Nov 2008

This article aims to provide an introduction to emerging evidence and debate about the relationship between climate change and mental health.

The authors argue that:

i) the direct impacts of climate change such as extreme weather events will have significant mental...

Discussion paper

10 Oct 2008

This discussion paper describes the rise of character provisions in Commonwealth laws over the last ten years. The use of character testing has increased in traditional areas, such as migration and citizenship, and has moved into new areas of law, such as the employment of...

Research report

15 Nov 2008

The ability to measure emissions accurately and affordably is a pre-requisite for including any source of emissions in a robust ETS. While it is relatively easy to measure energy combustion emissions, this is not the case for agriculture. The three main gases produced from agricultural...

Research report

15 Nov 2008

Community-campus research has undergone significant growth over the last two decades. While there has been some support in the form of government programs, significant gaps remain. The identification of collaborative research – what Gibbons et al. (1994) called Mode Two, complementing more traditional Mode One...

Research report

15 Nov 2008

The Yolngu studies program at Charles Darwin University has been active in the teaching of Yolngu (East Arnhemland Aboriginal) languages and culture, in collaborative transdisciplinary research, and in community engagement for well over ten years. The original undergraduate teaching program was set up under the...

Research report

15 Nov 2008

Urban spaces have become blended even more seamlessly with their portrayal. Such representations are generated via a broad range of media which both influence and sculpt our sense of their constitution so that our sense of what the urban ‘is’ is inflected by a range...

Research report

15 Nov 2008

Despite the recent population growth experienced by the state, Tasmania continues to lose more young adults than it attracts. This paper starts from the premise that to begin to answer the question of why these young people move, we must first try to comprehend how...

Research report

15 Nov 2008

Engineering is at the heart of Australia’s prosperity and safe keeping. Engineers are responsible for designing, fabricating, operating and maintaining our buildings, transport systems, water supplies, energy facilities and other critical infrastructure. Engineers Australia believes that there are a number of things that need to...

Research report

13 Nov 2008

China shines. It radiates possibility. If it were a fashion it would be the new black. My problem is that I remember the old darkness. At least I think I do. Memory is an unreliable companion. All I really know is that until now I...

Research report

13 Nov 2008

Early this year I was approached by many young women, mothers, grandmothers, and those who work with them. At first I was nervous about what they may say: I knew I had stepped beyond what was expected of me in my Griffith REVIEW essay 'Trapped...

Commentary

Article

10 Nov 2008

Has fear of upsetting the public caused Victoria’s new human rights charter to lose its way? It’s a question with national implications, writes JEREMY GANS.

Commentary

Article

13 Nov 2008

A US Supreme Court decision to order the release of seventeen Chinese Muslims raises the possibility that David Hicks might one day be an innocent man, writes NICOLA McGARRITY. But where does it leave the seventeen men?

Commentary

Article

10 Nov 2008

Apart from an unexpectedly strong performance by the Bill and Ben Party, the NZ election result more or less matched expectations, writes NORM KELLY on our partner website, Inside Story.

Essay

12 Nov 2008

Some people, and most organisations, unconsciously assume that each human being is tied to a single 'true' identity, and anything else, any other identity for that person, is a mistake, dishonest, or even illegal. This is understandable, but plain wrong. This false myth has serious...

Research report

12 Nov 2008

Humans are social animals, spinning intricate webs of relationships with friends, colleagues, neighbours and enemies. These networks have always been with us, but the advance of networking technologies, changes to our interconnected economy and an altering job market have super-charged the power of networking, catapulting...

Essay

13 Nov 2008

Peter Ellingsen on the failure of imagination in journalism and the difficulties of reporting on China. China shines. It radiates possibility. If it were a fashion it would be the new black. My problem is that I remember the old darkness. At least I think...

Discussion paper

12 Nov 2008

The report of the National Innovation Systems Review sets an ambitious agenda for revamping Australia's National Innovation System. But a great deal of work is needed ahead to make it a reality, according to this assessment.

Research report

12 Nov 2008

Technological forms of exclusion are a reality for significant segments of the UK population and can reinforce and deepen existing disadvantages, according to this report. It offers policy recommendations and describes ways in which digital inclusion research can be improved.

This study was commissioned...

Article

12 Nov 2008

A new generation of digital tracking technologies can now follow your every move, unleashing a world of personalised adverts. Privacy campaigners are furious. But embracing these tools may be the only way to save the media from bankruptcy

Research report

12 Nov 2008

Management of not-for-profit organisations was once seen as irrelevant and esoteric. Because these organisations now receive so much government funding, interest in understanding how they ought to be managed and organised is now keen. With public funding comes increased scrutiny and policies to encourage ‘partnerships’...

Research report

12 Nov 2008

The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act is the Australian government’s primary piece of environmental legislation. It establishes a national approach to a wide range of environmental protection and biodiversity conservation matters, with responsibility for decision-making bestowed primarily on the Minister for the Environment, Heritage...

Research report

27 Oct 2008

This paper provides a stocktake of key outcomes achieved to date and an estimate of how long it will take to finalise native title claims, an assessment of the main obstacles to resolving claims, and an analysis of an approach which all participants could take...

Discussion paper

12 Nov 2008

Non-consensual genetic testing occurs when bodily samples are taken and genetically tested without the consent of the individual to whom they relate. Biomedical technology enables genetic testing to be performed on minute bodily samples. Genetic information may be derived from samples such as hair follicles,...

Research report

12 Nov 2008

The climate change modelling exercise is the most extensive modelling exercise ever undertaken by the Australian Treasury. This presentation summarises the Treasury report, Australia’s Low Pollution Future, released on 30 October.

Research report

11 Nov 2008

The potential of bequests to contribute to the sustainability of charities is immense, with social and economic trends opening up the bequest landscape. Yet so much is unknown about how Australians think about charitable bequests - particularly about the motivations, barriers and triggers surrounding this...

Article

11 Nov 2008

This article reflects on the nature of Community-University engagement from a research focus. This entails several steps. In this I start with ?engagement? and what that might mean in the context of a University-based research centre. I then reflect on the nature of ?community? and...

Article

11 Nov 2008

Barack Obama led a pitch-perfect political campaign, and one of its many virtues was that it used technology in intelligent ways to connect with voters.

Research report

11 Nov 2008

As part of a broader emphasis on addressing the ‘social determinants’ of health and wellbeing, health promotion agencies in Australia and elsewhere have increasingly turned to arts participation as a strategy for reducing social isolation. However, research on the relationships between arts participation and its...

Research report

11 Nov 2008

In the recent Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme Green Paper the Rudd Government emphasised that a major part of its efforts to control global gas emissions would be its participation in international negotiations leading to a global agreement on this issue. Australia is party to the...

Research report

11 Nov 2008

This discussion paper was commissioned by the National Committee on Soil and Terrain (NCST) to investigate the key soil resource and management issues and opportunities in Australia.

The paper provides perspectives on:

- A vision and guiding principles for soil management...

Research report

11 Nov 2008

This paper demonstrates that the introduction of minimum wage legislation in Australia in 1997 and subsequent minimum wage increases appear not to have had any significant negative employment effects for teenagers.The time-series approach used in the minimum wage literature essentially aims to estimate a treatment...

Research report

11 Nov 2008

In Australia, engaged scholarship oriented towards community development objectives has yet to be recognised in funding regimes as being inherently beneficial in terms of scholarly excellence and university rankings. While the civic role of universities is acknowledged by individual universities, higher education management and at...

Research report

11 Nov 2008

This article reflects on the nature of Community-University engagement from a research focus. This entails several steps. In this I start with ‘engagement’ and what that might mean in the context of a University-based research centre. I then reflect on the nature of ‘community’ and...

Research report

11 Nov 2008

This paper argues that the resourcing of our schools must be structured to achieve excellence and equity, constantly striving to increase expectations and standards in our endeavour to achieve an equality in learning outcomes for all students. Recognising that education is the most powerful transformational...

Research report

11 Nov 2008

Australia is experiencing water supply problems and this Report reviews and comments on urban water use and the responses by urban water providers to the challenges of water reform.

The objectives of the National Water Initiative are accepted as the basis for progress. Analyses...

Research report

11 Nov 2008

The key recommendation from the Project is for the introduction of an Australian Higher Education Graduation Statement that will take the form of documentation provided to graduates by awarding institutions in addition to the degree or diploma certificate or testamur. Its purpose will be to...

Research report

11 Nov 2008

In recent years challenges to charitable bequests by testator's family members have become more common in Australia. Courts are vigorous in upholding proper family provision as against charitable bequests, portraying this provision as based on moral obligation.

The Every Player Wins a Prize...

Research report

11 Nov 2008

The potential of bequests to contribute to the sustainability of charities is immense, with social and economic trends opening up the bequest landscape. Yet so much is unknown about how Australians think about charitable bequests - particularly about the motivations, barriers and triggers surrounding this...

Research report

11 Nov 2008

The starting point for the work reported in this document is the proposition that safe and sufficient transport should be accessible to everyone.

About 25,000 people who live in South Australia identify as being Aboriginal. The circumstances and demographic characteristics of this small...

Article

10 Nov 2008

There are both challenges and opportunities for people working at the intersection of the crafts and design, and this presentation is interested in both analysis of the current state of the industry as well as strategies to aid its progression. "There are many intersections within...

Submission

10 Nov 2008

Research for this submission has been undertaken as part of a Discovery project funded by the Australian Research Council, ?Interpreting Privacy Principles?. Details of the project, and other publications resulting from it, are available here . The iPP Project is based at the Cyberspace Law...

Research report

10 Nov 2008

This background paper provides information on Australia's role in the first world war and the evolution of the anniversary observance of the cessation of hostilities.

Research report

10 Nov 2008

On 18 August 2008, General Pervez Musharraf resigned as President of Pakistan, the first time in the history of the country that an incumbent president with close ties to the military had opted to resign rather than face the threat of impeachment. This report looks...

Research report

10 Nov 2008

Victoria’s greenhouse gas emissions could be more than halved by 2020, according to this report. Pursuing emissions reductions of this order would provide a leadership example that could assist in breaking impasses in climate negotiations, while minimising Victoria’s emissions and carbon liability (under emissions trading)...

Research report

10 Nov 2008

This ACSSA Wrap provides information about young people's experiences of sexual assault, the barriers they face to disclosing such experiences, the process of disclosure for young people, what you and your school can do to support somebody who has disclosed sexual assault and why it...

Research report

10 Nov 2008

This research project had two broad aims, one focused on research and the other on policy. The first is to establish the foundations for a more extensive evidence base to underpin policies to provide home maintenance and modification (HMM) services to older Australians. The second...

Research report

10 Nov 2008

This paper acknowledges that mental illness is a significant issue in Australia, and that the impact of such problems is increasingly recognised. Approximately one in five people will experience a mental health disorder every year, with the most common disorders being anxiety and depression. The...

Research report

10 Nov 2008

The Australia Council for the Arts is currently developing a set of protocols to address the depiction of children in artworks, exhibitions and publications that receive government funding. The protocols will help artists who work with children do so with proper care and responsibility. The...

Article

9 Nov 2008

It is not the protests of the creationists or gaming-bashers that have triggered the current round of controversy about the game. In addition to weird creatures and breathtaking graphics, Spore features one of the most draconian systems of digital rights management (or simply DRM), which,...

Article

9 Nov 2008

When a major disaster - hurricane, famine, flood or epidemic, for example - hits a region of the global south, the brief period of saturation media coverage that follows tends to confirm outsiders' view that the devastated population's overriding needs are food, water, tarpaulins, medical...

Research report

9 Nov 2008

This report looks at the prevalence of eye problems among children, including vision disability, congenital anomalies and cancer. Statistics for children treated within the primary care sector, as well as in hospitals, are also presented. Reducing preventable vision loss has recently been identified as a...

Research report

9 Nov 2008

This report provides a summary of the progress being made made to 'close the gap' and improve the quality of life for Indigenous Queenslanders living in discrete Aboriginal and mainland Torres Strait Islander communities. It outlines the key outcomes of the Queensland policy reform with...

Research report

9 Nov 2008

This policy analysis examines the current debate over what sort of great power China is likely to become. It looks at Chinese grand strategy, use of force, leadership style and domestic behaviour to gain a better understanding of China’s future role as a strategic actor....

Transcript

7 Nov 2008

This speech by ACMA Chairman Chris Chapman:

? provides a snapshot of Australians? participation in the emerging digital economy; ? touches on some of the challenges to that participation; and

? considers the collaborative, multi-layered approach that ACMA sees as necessary...

Article

7 Nov 2008

This paper proposes a framework for an effective e-Participation model that can be suitable under certain socio-economic settings and applicable to any country. Most of such previous initiatives were experimental in nature and lacked in both public awareness and clearly defined expected outcomes.

...

Book

7 Nov 2008

These stories were created from conversations with people who have made big art projects happen. Moya Sayer-Jones spoke with artists and writers, curators, directors, producers and administrators, then worked directly from transcriptions to tell the story in their own words. The full book is available...

Article

7 Nov 2008

The federal government in Australia wants to put in place a nationwide filter on the internet. Critics say it will lead to greater censorship and will be plagued by technical difficulties. So what sorts of sites will be banned by the government and who will...

Article

6 Nov 2008

You've heard of 'fair trade' coffee. Well what about 'fair trade' media. Is it possible to develop a labelling system that would give people confidence in the ethical values of the sites they view?

Ellie Rennie, Research Fellow at CCI and Swinburne University's Institute...

Research report

7 Nov 2008

This chapter discusses how globalization facilitates white collar crime, and how it can foster more effective mechanisms for the prevention and control of white collar crime. It uses the framework of routine activity theory to explain transnational white collar crime, then presents a range of...

Commentary

Article

6 Nov 2008

The arrival of two boatloads of asylum seekers is the first test of Labor’s new detention policy, writes Michelle Dimasi on Christmas Island on our partner website, Inside Story.

Commentary

Article

4 Nov 2008

New Zealand’s voting system means that predicting a winner is never simple. On our partner website, Inside Story, Norm Kelly looks at the field.

Article

7 Nov 2008

At the turn of the millennium the world braced for a computer meltdown of a magnitude never seen before because computer programmers in the 60?s decided that putting a 19 before the year was a waste of precious memory space. They didn?t expect that their...

Article

7 Nov 2008

Towards the tail-end of the last century the term ?Information Superhighway? emerged to encapsulate the vision of an Internet-enabled world. It was a vision promoted by former US Vice President and Internet champion Al Gore.

As reported in the New York Times almost...

Guide

7 Nov 2008

Throughout American history, the desire for libraries has inspired cities, architects and robber barons to build, not just boxes for books, but secular temples to the worship of words. Here are America's 10 coolest, from old school Beaux-Arts beauties to the airy halls of contemporary...

Research report

7 Nov 2008

A new set of technologies is emerging that enables firms to innovate more rapidly, efficiently and accurately than ever before. This ?Innovation Technology? (IvT) includes eScience, virtual reality, simulation and modelling techniques, and rapid prototyping. Indeed, it is possible that it will have as profound...

Article

7 Nov 2008

Google, the Internet search and advertising giant, is increasingly looking to the energy sector as a potential business opportunity.

From its beginning, the company has invested millions of dollars in making its own power-hungry data centers more efficient. Its philanthropic arm has made...

Research report

6 Nov 2008

Learnings from the sociology of childhood and the children’s rights discourse have informed our understanding of children as competent beings who exercise agency in their own lives and in their communities. Starting from this perspective, we explore the literature, policy and practice contexts which explain...

Book

6 Nov 2008

‘Leadership’ is routinely admired, vilified, ridiculed, invoked, trivialised, explained and speculated about in the media and in everyday conversation. Despite all this talk, there is surprisingly little consensus about how to answer basic questions about the nature, place, role and impact of leadership...

Research report

6 Nov 2008

A healthy population is critical to Australia’s economic prosperity. Individuals will lead more fulfilling and prosperous lives if we can improve the current system.

Businesses will be more productive and the national economy will prosper, benefiting all Australians.

Business values a healthy, skilled...

Research report

6 Nov 2008

Richard Tanter of the Nautilus institute writes that “by virtually every dimension, the war in Afghanistan is getting much worse for both the western coalition and for the Afghani civilian population.” “The strategic benefits are minimal to non-existent”, Tanter argues, “and the risks of a...

Research report

6 Nov 2008

In November 2007 Elizabeth Broderick began a nation-wide ‘Listening Tour’ to ask the Australian public two questions: How far have we come in our journey towards gender equality? And where should we focus our efforts into the future?

Commentary

Article

6 Nov 2008

The results of the 2008 Sexual Harassment National Telephone Survey, released by Sex Discrimination Commissioner Elizabeth Broderick today, show that sexual harassment remains a serious problem in workplaces, despite some improvement since 2003.

“With the unofficial commencement of Christmas party season on Melbourne Cup...

Research report

6 Nov 2008

These guidelines were developed to promote the wellbeing of animals used for scientific purposes and aim to minimise their experience of pain and distress. They advocate the consideration of an animal’s “whole of life” experiences, argue the potential risk to the reliability/validity of research data...

Research report

6 Nov 2008

The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), in collaboration with the Department of Health and Ageing, commissioned a systematic review of national and international literature and practices in relation to air quality in and around traffic tunnels. This review formed the basis of a...

Research report

6 Nov 2008

This Policy Analysis examines the new national terrorism alert system for Australia that was introduced 1 October 2008. It is not clear if the announced changes will in practice assist in guiding local decision makers, industry and the public on the kinds of protective measures...

Research report

6 Nov 2008

A new report released today by the (ACER) has confirmed that Australia faces significant challenges in boosting participation in science and mathematics studies in school education, university studies and in the teaching workforce. It provides updated figures on:

• the performance of Australian school...

Research report

6 Nov 2008

While individual circumstances determine when and where congestion charging is in the interest of the wider community, some important general lessons can be drawn. This report reviews the case for congestion charging and provides a policy framework for assessing charging systems. At this time, congestion...

Research report

6 Nov 2008

This e-brief updates the paper Child Pornography Law published in August 2008. Specifically, it reviews the proposals for reform relating to child pornography recommended in Penalties Relating to Sexual Assault Offences in New South Wales, a report by the NSW Sentencing Council, chaired by Supreme...

Research report

6 Nov 2008

In different ways, the Northern Territory intervention and the Prime Minister’s apology to the stolen generations have brought some sustained focus on the rights and prospects of the Indigenous peoples of Australia. Health, employment and housing have all been on the agenda, but each of...

Research report

6 Nov 2008

This report describes the prevalence and trends of neural tube defects (NTD) in Australia during the past decade to provide baseline prevalence of NTD, prior to the implementation of mandatory folic acid fortification of bread flour in September 2009.

Research report

6 Nov 2008

How many dentists do we need in Australia to meet the future demand for dental visits and enable people to maintain good dental health? This report provides estimates and projections of demand and supply of dental visits, assessing the impact of changes in policy direction...

Research report

6 Nov 2008

This report presents demographic and labour force statistics on the medical profession in Australia and trends in the number of employed doctors. It is based on the main findings of the 2006 national survey of registered medical practitioners. Information presented includes a national and state/territory...

Research report

6 Nov 2008

In recent projects with AHURI, the National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling (NATSEM) has been using a microsimulation model of the Australian housing system. This model is based on the 1998 99 Household Expenditure Survey (HES), combined with data from the 2001 Census of...

Research report

6 Nov 2008

Places do well when they promote transformations along the dimensions of economic geography: higher densities as cities grow; shorter distances as workers and businesses migrate closer to density; and fewer divisions as nations lower their economic borders and enter world markets to take advantage of...

Research report

5 Nov 2008

This project investigated the context in which relationship instability occurs by examining the factors (at the individual, and the couple/family levels) that precede relationship dissolution within Australian families with children.

The report considers whether mental health problems, impaired physical functioning, hazardous levels of alcohol...

Research report

27 Feb 2009

Governments should redirect funding for drought assistance programs to help farmers better manage risks, according to this draft report. In an assessment of existing drought programs, the Commission found that, when measured against policy objectives relating to self-reliance, preparedness and climate change management, the programs...

Research report

5 Nov 2008

The new government has displayed some original thinking but not yet quite up there in the exceptional category of the very best governments around the world, according to this paper, which spells out areas requiring further attention – including Australia's attitude to capital punishment and...

Research report

5 Nov 2008

Australia is sitting pretty with plantations making possible native forest protection for immediate and significant reductions in our net greenhouse gas emissions. But good policy requires proposals to cover plantations in the emissions trading scheme be immediately nipped in the bud, according to this paper....

Research report

5 Nov 2008

It was recently reported that, in response to ‘the soaring incidence of alcohol-related violence across Sydney’, the New South Wales government is considering changes to the liquor laws and also to the criminal law of intoxication. Specifically, all pubs, clubs and bottle shops would have...

Research report

5 Nov 2008

Australian agencies have developed a number of ways to help refugee and newly arrived young people of post-compulsory school age whose levels of education and types of experience do not match what Australian education and training frameworks associate with specific ages. This report provides case...

Book review

5 Nov 2008

Peter W. Newton reviews Climate Code Red: The Case for Emergency Action .

THIS is one of a growing number of books about climate change. Its title incorporates the key words “code red,” a medical term denoting a patient needing immediate and advanced life...

Research report

3 Nov 2008

Of teens who are sexually active, a third had their first experience at age 14 years or younger, yet almost one in ten say they have not been taught sex ed at school according to research carried out by Marie Stopes International. Key findings in...