December 2008

Commentary

Article

29 Dec 2008

PRESS and broadcasting institutions the world over are struggling to survive in the turbulent climate we call "media convergence." So what's the big deal about one new name on the endangered media list?

Unfortunately, the television channel under threat this time is South Korea's...

Report

23 Dec 2008

This paper sets out to document the scale of Indigenous housing need as recorded in the most recent (2006) Census at a regional level and how this level of need changed between 2001 and 2006. What the results show is that the issue of Indigenous...

Report

23 Dec 2008

The development of a Northern Territory outstation/homelands policy which meets the needs and aspirations of a dynamic and highly mobile population is extremely important. It is a complex and difficult task, but one which provides an important opportunity for outstations/homelands to be viewed as an...

Report

23 Dec 2008

This report presents comprehensive national data on cancer incidence and mortality in 2005 and projections for 2006 to 2010. Cancer in Australia: an overview, 2008 presents comprehensive national data on cancer incidence and mortality in 2005 and projections for 2006 to 2010. Other topics covered...

Report

23 Dec 2008

This report brings together data and information from a wide variety of sources to provide a picture of arthritis and ostoeporosis in Australia, and highlight some of the main issues relating to these conditions. Arthritis and osteoporosis are among the world's leading causes of pain...

Report

22 Dec 2008

This report recommends a limit of 90 days of detention for asylum seekers in order to complete security and identity checks, before a detainee must be considered for release on a bridging visa. The report calls for a series of open and transparent guidelines against...

Report

22 Dec 2008

After fifteen years of economic growth, Australia still has the seventh lowest employment rate for people with disability, including mental illness, in the OECD. Attempts by previous governments to encourage people with disability into employment, including via Welfare to Work, have failed.

This paper,...

Report

22 Dec 2008

This paper aims to identify the themes and suggestions that will inform the action plan of the forthcoming future directions paper for Australia's digital economy. The consultation draft is not a draft of the final future directions paper, but seeks targeted input on specific implementation...

Report

22 Dec 2008

Drawing on public submissions to its discussion paper, Australia's Future Infrastructure Requirements, this paper examines the national and local challenges for the provision of improved economic infrastructure, including telecommunications, road and rail projects.

Strategy

White Paper
22 Dec 2008

This white paper sets the strategic agenda for reducing homelessness to 2020. Its goals are to halve overall homelessness and offer supported accommodation to all rough sleepers who need it.

Commentary

Article

20 Dec 2008

KEVIN RUDD ended his first year in office much like John Howard ended his first twelve months in March 1997: still shiny, fresh and popular. It’s not that these new leaders have a special empathy with middle Australia or never put a foot wrong. It’s...

Report

18 Dec 2008

This publication presents information about the outcomes for students who completed their vocational education and training (VET) during 2007. The Student Outcomes Survey focuses on students' employment outcomes and satisfaction with VET in Australia. Information about the level and type of training students undertake, further...

Report

18 Dec 2008

This report provides detailed information on drug use prevalence, drug-related behaviours and incidents, and support for drug-related policy and legislation. This report extends the analysis presented in the 2007 National Drug Strategy Household Survey: first results by providing more detailed information on drug use prevalence,...

Report

18 Dec 2008

Macroeconomics uses its Mid-year Budget Bulletin to congratulate Australian governments for their recent fiscal performance, which will see most governments running budget deficits after undertaking discretionary fiscal easing in the face of economic windfalls, but still blame the GFC!

The Government is acting prudently...

Commentary

Article

18 Dec 2008

REASON rarely prevails when a public debate generates more heat than light. The bill of rights debate is a case in point, with a prominent critic like Paul Kelly even claiming that the proposal threatens the very fabric of our democracy. Such exaggerated language serves...

Commentary

Article

18 Dec 2008

THE RECENT US presidential election galvanised and fascinated many Australians. Health care reform was a major issue, as it was in last year’s federal Australian election. Many Australians are eager to understand the health issues as they play out in the United States, and those...

Report

17 Dec 2008

Australia is falling behind other countries in performance and investment in higher education. Developed and developing countries alike accept there are strong links between their productivity and the proportion of the population with high-level skills. These countries have concluded that they must invest not only...

Report

17 Dec 2008

Developed jointly by Commonwealth, state, territory and local governments, this framework outlines the approach that all levels of government might take, as well as the roles of the respective tiers of government. It also identifies three key priority areas for collaborative action (broadband availability, take-up,...

Commentary

Article

17 Dec 2008

TRADITIONALLY, Australians have been big news consumers, but this is changing. Even though we are spending more time with media today, we're spending less time on news. For many Australians, news in its traditional forms is no longer a daily priority and fewer people are...

Report

17 Dec 2008

This overview paper on global climate change provides recent findings of research conducted by climate scientists world-wide, including key findings presented from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2007 Fourth Assessment, and the subsequent work of climate scientists on carbon emissions, global surface temperatures and...

Report

17 Dec 2008

This report provides a summary of the key issues and trends facing Australian families. It examines a selection of key topics, including fertility, caring responsibilities, economic wellbeing of families, health of family relationships and how Australians are balancing work and family responsibilities.

The accompanying...

Report

Final report of the ‘Unfinished Business: Reparations, Restitution and Rehabilitation’ forums, held between May and September of 2008 in Aboriginal communities throughout Victoria
17 Dec 2008

‘Unfinished Business: Reparations, Restitution and Rehabilitation’ was a series of forums conducted by SGV throughout Aboriginal Communities in Victoria in 2008. The aim was to hear directly from members of the Stolen Generations as to what they would like to see happen in recompense for...

Discussion paper

16 Dec 2008

The key to the future of the Western Australian health service lies with - or ought to lie with - the people of WA. It is our health that is involved; and it ought to be seen as our health service. Currently the WA health...

Report

16 Dec 2008

This paper links the notion of affordability with environmental sustainability and argues that true housing affordability must take into account a wider range of costs than just rent or mortgage price.Increasingly, the gap is widening between those who have access to housing and those who...

Report

16 Dec 2008

Coming forward reports on the responses of 390 gay, lesbian, bisexual, transsexual and transgender (GLBT) Victorians to an online survey asking them about their experiences of heterosexist violence and same sex partner abuse. The survey also asked respondents questions about:

Service access and quality...

Report

16 Dec 2008

This report provides an investigation of early intervention and diversionary practices aimed at preventing offending behaviour in Indigenous young people with a cognitive disability and/or a mental health problem. It builds on the Australian Human Rights Commission's previous report, 'Indigenous young people with cognitive disabilities...

Report

16 Dec 2008

Retirement has traditionally been viewed as a process that involves an abrupt change from working continuously in a full-time job to leaving the labour force completely and remaining permanently retired. Today the pathways to retirement are believed to be much more diverse, with many more...

Report

16 Dec 2008

This paper expounds a story in four stages to explain the world credit crisis, namely: (1) too much credit - an international perspective, (2) too much risk - reaction to low real interest rate, (3) the fatal flaw - the new complex financial instruments, and...

Report

16 Dec 2008

The pharmacy sector is one of Australia’s most protected industries. Few countries have such complex and restrictive pharmaceutical scheduling laws as Australia. This has inhibited competition and increased the costs that Australian consumers pay for many non-prescription pharmaceuticals sold only by pharmacies. This industry is...

Report

16 Dec 2008

Since July 2005, the great majority of Australia’s ten million workers have been able to choose their superannuation fund. When it was introduced, the Coalition Government represented the Choice of Fund policy as a major victory for consumers. In reality, the majority of Australians have...

Report

16 Dec 2008

This report presents findings from adult patients receiving public dental care. Patients eligible for public dental care are primarily holders of government entitlement cards such as aged pensioners and the unemployed.

Findings are presented on tooth loss, dental caries and periodontal disease, and comparisons...

Report

16 Dec 2008

This briefing paper outlines significant developments in the laws relating to political donations in NSW that have occurred since the publication in June 2007 of the Parliamentary Library's briefing paper on Election Finance Law. It has been written in the context of further discussion of...

Report

16 Dec 2008

This paper considers the constitutional and practical constraints upon reforming electoral campaign funding in Australia. It addresses the banning or capping of political donations, the limiting of campaign expenditure and the expansion of public funding of political parties. In doing so, it draws on the...

Report

16 Dec 2008

Biofuels are fuels made from renewable biological feedstocks, either crops or waste. There are two main biofuels with commercial prospects in Australia: ethanol and biodiesel. These biofuels currently comprise less than 0.4% of the Australian automotive gasoline market.

This briefing paper outlines the...

Report

16 Dec 2008

Aquatic biosecurity is a system of procedures for dealing with the risks of diseases, pests and other hazards (such as genetic pollution) in aquatic environments. In the Pacific region, the main aims of aquatic biosecurity are to safeguard human health, the environment, and national economies....

Report

16 Dec 2008

Darshani de Silva, Environmental Specialist at the World Bank, writes, 'It is essential to ensure consistency between adaptation and development priorities. One of the key responses to achieve this is to integrate long-term climate risks into short and medium-term development policy decisions by mainstreaming measures...

Report

16 Dec 2008

The Australian Institute of Family Studies was contracted by the National Child Protection and Support Services (NCPASS) Data Group to undertake the Review of Data Comparability Project. The aims of the Project were to:

• Examine the rates of total notifications, investigations and...

Report

16 Dec 2008

A far-reaching change is coming over childhood in the world’s richest countries, says a study released today by the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre in Florence, Italy. According to the Innocenti Report Card 8, “The Childcare Transition”, a majority of the rising generation in economically advanced...

Report

16 Dec 2008

This report of an Independent Task Force examines the contribution that business can make to Australian disaster management. The Task Force makes a number of important recommendations to integrate the private sector into our disaster response capabilities.

Task Force members were Anthony Bergin,...

Report

16 Dec 2008

This report contains two papers that examine Australia's ability to fund defence into the future and the costs of various future ADF force structures.

The first paper, authored by Mark Thomson, explores defence spending into the future and finds that there is no fundamental...

Report

16 Dec 2008

This Policy Analysis, authored by Carl Ungerer and Anthony Bergin, examines the inaugural Australian National Security Statement released on 4 December by the Prime Minister. The statement goes some way to outlining the broad range of risks and threats facing Australia, but it represents only...

Report

15 Dec 2008

This report discusses the availability of broadband, fixed voice, mobile voice and mobile data in the community.This report, developed using the expertise of both the Australian Communications and Media Authority and the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, discusses the availability of broadband, fixed voice, mobile...

Report

15 Dec 2008

As part of the Tunis Agenda for the Information Society that resulted from the United Nations (UN) World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), governments agreed to set in motion an Internet Governance Forum (IGF), mandating it, among other tasks, to: 'Discuss public policy issues...

Article

15 Dec 2008

The Federal Government last week passed legislation for a timetable to switch off the old analogue TV transmitters that are being replaced by digital technology.

Digital TV was introduced back in 2001, but takeup has been slow because the benefits have not been...

Article

15 Dec 2008

So this is Christmas. Another year has passed and again Sony, Nintendo and Microsoft are doing battle for our precious dollars in the mighty entertainment behemoth that is the videogame industry. You too can strap on a plastic guitar to be a rock star in...

Article

15 Dec 2008

One of Idealware's most popular articles, now fully updated. Email newsletters, action alerts, or fundraising emails can be a very cost effective way to communicate with your supporters, but it can be complex to send and track thousands of emails. Idealware talked to eleven nonprofit...

Article

15 Dec 2008

Should you consider hosted or Software As a Service software applications for your nonprofit? There are a lot of conflicting and often inaccurate messages out there: They're not secure! Use them ? they'll replace your IT staff! Perhaps they'll change your life? or perhaps they're...

Chapter

15 Dec 2008

Millions of people worldwide are now connected through networked digital infrastructures in forms that grow increasingly sophisticated and contextually rich. The notion of the global village remains powerful, but individual sociability will never operate on a global scale. Large social networks will always be mediated...

Survey

15 Dec 2008

In an effort to better understand the intersection between sex and cyberspace with respect to attitudes and behavior, the US based National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy and CosmoGirl.com commissioned a survey of teens and young adults to explore electronic activity. This is...

Report

15 Dec 2008

This 2005 report was commissioned to provide an overview of the role of ICTs on young people's social relations, to provide a framework for understanding the ways in which ICTs impact on their health and wellbeing and to recommend possible initiatives within the Mental Health...

Journal article

15 Dec 2008

Our real-world identities can be multifaceted and contextually fragmented - we behave one way at work, and another when drinking with friends. Yet social-networking websites collapse these distinctions and the online flattening of offline relationships has progressed without adequate means to negotiate this experience.

Article

15 Dec 2008

The leaders of two of Australia's largest ISP's see a viable business model in offering free or discounted broadband connectivity, sponsored by advertisements targeted according to a user's web surfing habits.

Privacy advocates have been rallying against the attempts of online advertising vehicles...

Report

15 Dec 2008

According to the 2008-2011 Australian Flexible Learning Framework, 'we are on the verge of an era in which e­learning will be mainstreamed across the vocational education and training system.' That era has come.

The Framework’s annual E-­learning Benchmarking Survey 2 shows the uptake of...

Report

15 Dec 2008

The report outlines the final design of the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme and the medium-term, target range of reducing carbon pollution by 5 per cent of 2000 levels by 2020. These elements are placed in the context of Australia's efforts to help shape a global...

Report

12 Dec 2008

The Gen Green project is an online survey targeting 2006 and 2008 WorldSkills Australia National competitors across a range of trades and skill areas. This survey explores the green skills in the young workforce to meet the challenges of a sustainable future. From previous research,...

Report

12 Dec 2008

Australia needs to adopt clever solutions in dealing with the economic slowdown and adopt alternatives to redundancies to avoid throwing away the considerable investment in skills and training. This is the basic premise of the report 'Keeping Skills During Hard Times'. It recommends establishing a...

Report

12 Dec 2008

This paper presents preliminary finding from research examining the extent to which offending and related social problems are concentrated in six Tasmanian families. The main aim of the research is to identify ways to break the cycle of intergenerational crime and better respond to the...

Report

12 Dec 2008

Australia's mothers and babies 2006 is the sixteenth report providing information on births in Australia from perinatal data collections for each state and territory. The report presents demographic, pregnancy and childbirth factors of women who gave birth in 2006 and the characteristics and outcomes of...

Report

12 Dec 2008

This report presents the results of a critical evaluation of Australian data collections relating to general practice services. It describes the usefulness of these data collections for meeting priority information needs, and recommends strategies to address data gaps and limitations.Primary health care services are generally...

Report

12 Dec 2008

This report includes information on the characteristics of young people in community-based supervision and detention in 2006-07 and the type and length of supervision they experience, as well as patterns of supervision over time and analyses of trends.Juvenile justice in Australia 2006-07 is the fourth...

Commentary

Article

9 Dec 2008

THEIR LORDSHIPS and Honourable Members were pleased last week to host the Queen at the Palace of Westminster, where she dutifully delivered the Speech from the Throne to open the new session of parliament. Many of them were decidedly less pleased a week earlier to...

Commentary

Article

4 Dec 2008

IN his short career in the Senate, Luigi Pallaro achieved the impossible: he brought together Italy’s ideologically irreconcilable political parties. When it came to expressing its contempt for the new senator, the Roman establishment set aside deep differences and spoke with one voice: the guy...

Commentary

Article

10 Dec 2008

THE Rudd government was elected with a promise to modernise Australia’s federal system. The reason for this is simple. It has been apparent for decades that the system is dysfunctional. Not only is our federal structure costing us around $9 billion in wasted taxes each...

Journal article

11 Dec 2008

For large public libraries, the development of digital technologies poses challenges that have yet to be fully explored. While library sector rhetoric rightly imagines that digital technologies bring change to all aspects of library operations, it is not enough to focus on the technologies. Using...

Report

10 Dec 2008

In August 2008, the Tax Design Review Panel invited submissions to the review, guided by four broad consultation questions: What major challenges facing Australia need to be addressed through the tax-transfer system? What features should the system have in order to respond to these challenges?...

Report

10 Dec 2008

The retirement income system was substantially changed in the latter part of the last century to respond to one of this century's greater socioeconomic challenges, the ageing of the Australian population. This will increase demand on government support to the aged when the number of...

Report

10 Dec 2008

The latest results from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) show that Australian Year 4 students have displayed some improvement in Mathematics achievement since 2003. But achievement levels of Australian students have remained static in Year 8 mathematics and Year 4 science...

Article

9 Dec 2008

Today there is an increasing interest in the benefits of using art in the field of health-care. This interest is to be welcomed and applauded - the work done by artists within health settings has for too long been dismissed as merely discretionary, or worse...

Discussion paper

9 Dec 2008

The Australia Council's major performing arts board has produced a discussion paper on the impact of digital technology on the sector.There is no doubt that continuing advances in digital technology will affect the major performing arts (MPA) industry and force it to change its ways...

Report

9 Dec 2008

More than half - 53% - of all American adults play video games of some kind, whether on a computer, on a gaming console, on a cell phone or other handheld device, on a portable gaming device, or online.

Age is the biggest...

Report

9 Dec 2008

This publication is an edited collection of invited essays by presenters and panelists at a symposium of the same name which highlighted the growing body of evaluation and research from the general arts education field. They also featured specific work that relates to students with...

Report

9 Dec 2008

Assessing the Intrinsic Impacts of a Live Performance attempts to define and measure how audiences are transformed by a live performance. The study's research design consisted of a pair of questionnaires. One administered in-venue just prior to curtain, and the other sent home with the...

Report

9 Dec 2008

UNSW Cyberspace Law and Policy Centre hosted a forum on Thursday 27 November 2008 for approximately 70 experts and other interested persons to explore aspects of the Australian Government's current Internet filtering and censorship proposals. The aim was to explore the underlying issues and constraints,...

Report

9 Dec 2008

This report recommends that the Department of Immigration and Citizenship focus on building and maintaining a high performance culture now that most of the recommendations of the Palmer, Comrie and Ombudsman reports have been implemented.

The report was commissioned by the department to assess...

Report

9 Dec 2008

The paper, 'Engaging fathers in child and family services: participation, perceptions and good practice' describes father participation in selected Stronger Families and Communities Strategy (SFCS) 2004–2009 programs and services. The SFCS is an initiative of FaHCSIA. As part of the themed study component of the...

Report

9 Dec 2008

This discussion paper is part of a project exploring ways to strengthen financial and economic outcomes for Indigenous people under the Indigenous Economic Development Strategy. One area of focus for government is the engagement between Indigenous Australians and the resources industry; particularly in the area...

Report

9 Dec 2008

This report into disclosure regimes for charities and not-for-profit organisations found that non-profit organisations in Australia are labouring under a heavy burden of regulation and that there is a pressing need for improved regulation and increased transparency.

The report recommends comprehensive changes to the...

Report

4 Dec 2008

This report examines the levels of federal and Northern Territory government expenditure on Indigenous affairs and social services in the Northern Territory, including expenditure on services for families, children and people with disabilities in the Northern Territory, with particular reference to:

(a) the level...

Report

9 Dec 2008

This final report addresses two aspects of the Senate inquiry's terms of reference: the implications of Australia's likely future climate for current farm enterprises and possible future industries; and the need for a national strategy to assist Australian agricultural industries to adapt to climate change....

Report

9 Dec 2008

This report makes a series of preliminary recommendations in relation to the federal government's National Broadband Network. It includes a dissenting report by government senators and a dissenting report by Australian Greens senators.

Discussion paper

26 Nov 2008

This paper analyses the impact of the global financial crisis on Australia’s social services sector and discusses the implications of this for future policy responses.

Report

9 Dec 2008

Through the experiences of refugees from Bosnia, Iraq and Sudan, this research sought to explore the role multicultural community organisations play in creating important informal networks and learning spaces that connect people from refugee backgrounds to the wider Australian community. In particular, the research sought...

Report

9 Dec 2008

The federal government's efficiency dividend, introduced in 1987-88, trims the public funding component of agencies' budgets by 1.25% per annum. For 2008-09 only, the federal government increased the efficiency dividend by an extra 2%. This report recommends relief for small agencies from the dividend....

Report

9 Dec 2008

Currently, over 16,000 Indigenous students and 13,000 non-Indigenous students located in 260 Australian schools are involved in an Indigenous language program. More than 80 different Indigenous languages are taught. This project sought to present practice which would strengthen the quality of Indigenous language programs in...

Report

9 Dec 2008

There is usually some compromise when working off-site, be it from home or from another location. However the degree to which this compromise operates is decreasing and new technologies, notably those connected to the Web 2.0 phenomena, can make remote or virtual working a successful...

Report

9 Dec 2008

This report provides a comprehensive survey of the Australian communications industry for 2007-08 and covers many aspects of the broadcasting, internet, radiocommunications and telecommunications industries. It provides an overview of the communications industry, service developments and industry performance in meeting statutory service obligations. It also...

Article

8 Dec 2008

Reflecting the rising influence of online reporting and commentary, more Internet journalists are jailed worldwide today than journalists working in any other medium. In its annual census of imprisoned journalists the Committee to Protect Journalists found that 45 percent of all media workers jailed worldwide...

Commentary

Article

Article

8 Dec 2008

To explore community attitudes to telemarketing and to measure the impact of the Do Not Call Register since its introduction, The Australia Institute conducted an online survey of 1,000 Australians. The findings show that:

? Australians on average receive 8.5 unsolicited telemarketing calls...

Report

8 Dec 2008

Further to previous theoretical work on loneliness and the condition of contemporary social bonds in ‘liquid modernity’, this paper reports on a new nationally representative survey, carried out in 2007, which examined loneliness in contemporary Australia. The paper identifies loneliness to be a potentially very...

Report

8 Dec 2008

Health care expenditure on cardiovascular diseases 2004-05 presents summary data of allocated health expenditure collected by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. This report presents comparisons of allocated expenditure on cardiovascular disease over time and relative to other disease types. In addition, breakdowns of...

Report

8 Dec 2008

This is the first national report on the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus among Australian women. The report uses data from the National Diabetes Services Scheme and the National Hospital Morbidity Database to determine the number of cases of GDM among Australian women of child-bearing...

Report

8 Dec 2008

This report focuses on children's readiness for school, considering the role of families, schools and communities as facilitators and inhibitors.

The transition from home to school is a major change in children’s lives, being the first compulsory and universal point of contact between the...

Report

8 Dec 2008

This paper examines price variations in Northern Victorian 'clearinghouse' auction markets for temporary water entitlements. The analysis assesses the role that the excess demand of unsatisfied bids and the market power of large volume bids, have on price variations. For four seasons (2002/3 to 05/6)...

Journal article

8 Dec 2008

In this 'Colin Clark Memorial Lecture' at the University of Queensland in August 2008, Gary Banks, Chairman of the Productivity Commission challenges the Australian Government to consider the teachings of Colin Clark to carefully design and implement industry policy to better ensure Australia's economic future....

Report

8 Dec 2008

As police are often the first point of contact in domestic and family violence incidents they are in a unique position to respond to, intervene in, and be proactive about, preventing family violence. With indications that the volume of recorded violence has increased and the...

Report

8 Dec 2008

The term 'firearm offence' captures a broad spectrum of offending behaviour, from insecure storage of firearms to use in the commission of a violent crime, and hence a similarly broad spectrum of criminal conduct. The primary legislative framework for sentencing of firearm offences is based...

Report

8 Dec 2008

Business increasingly recognises the importance of human rights. Over 5,000 companies across 130 countries are signatories to the UN Global Compact and have committed themselves to the Global Compact’s ten principles, including six that address human rights and labour standards. A 2006 survey of Global...

Report

8 Dec 2008

This report uses recent research, including previously unpublished data, to compare living standards and financial hardship among different groups of low income Australians, especially those receiving income support payments.

Over the past decade, the average incomes of Australian households have grown strongly, but...

Report

8 Dec 2008

To explore community attitudes to telemarketing and to measure the impact of the Do Not Call Register since its introduction, The Australia Institute conducted an online survey of 1,000 Australians. The findings show that:

• Australians on average receive 8.5 unsolicited telemarketing calls...

Report

8 Dec 2008

This State of the Environment (SOE) Report covers a broad range of environmental issues and sets a baseline against which future progress can be measured. Indicators of environmental health are presented in the context of the drivers of change and direct pressures on the environment....

Article

5 Dec 2008

The right donor management software can make a big difference in your ability to raise funds. Idealware asked six different nonprofit technology experts about donor management software that have worked well for their nonprofit colleagues.

The holiday season is upon us again, and...

Article

5 Dec 2008

Open source software applications are becoming an increasingly viable alternative to vendor provided commercial software. Jeff Walpole explores the differences between these types of software, and the pros and cons of each alternative.

Imagine you have just been put in charge of selecting...

Report

5 Dec 2008

The health and wellbeing of young people, an important indicator of Australia's future population health, is declining. This development is of immense social significance. It has implications not only for how we deal with specific current concerns such as child abuse and neglect, obesity, media...

Report

5 Dec 2008

Australia's largest annual survey of young people has found that body image, drugs and family conflict are the biggest worries for 11-24 year olds with one-in-four regarding each as major concerns – but it's drugs that are increasingly weighing on their minds.

The national...

Transcript

6 Nov 2008

Professor Fiona Stanley AC used her delivery of the 2008 Hawke Lecture 6 November 2008 to highlight Australia's failure to implement existing evidence to improve health and wellbeing outcomes for Indigenous Australians.

Both an audio file and a written transcript are available from this...

Report

5 Dec 2008

The Australian Childhood Foundation and Child Abuse Prevention Research Australia at Monash University commissioned Access Economics and collaborated with them to estimate the cost of child abuse (physical, sexual and emotional abuse, neglect and being forced to live with family violence). Two different types of...

Report

5 Dec 2008

Many government agencies, international organisations and policy researchers are increasingly of the view that handouts and subsidies are not only ineffective, but in fact are detrimental. Why?

The reasons are numerous. Most Pacific countries still rely on traditional delivery of extension services (agriculture and...

Journal article

4 Dec 2008

A challenge that community-university partnerships everywhere will face is how to maintain continuity in the face of change. The problems besetting communities continually shift and the goals of the university partners often fluctuate. This article describes a decade-long strategy one university has successfully used to...

Discussion paper

4 Dec 2008

A challenge that all community-university partnerships will face is how to maintain continuity in the face of change. The problems besetting communities continually shift and the goals of the university partners often fluctuate. This article describes a decade-long strategy one university has successfully used to...

Report

4 Dec 2008

Allan Behm of the Canberra group Knowledge Pond, writing after the Nautilus Institute workshop on Mapping Climate Change Complexity in Indonesia and Australia, notes that “for Australia's populous neighbour, Indonesia, the problems of climate change are real and mounting. And Australia has such fundamental security...

Report

4 Dec 2008

The World Internet Project (WIP), a comprehensive first-time global survey on the impact of the Internet, found remarkable similarities and significant differences in the way users utilize and rely on the Internet. Findings from work undertaken by the ARC Centre of Excellence for the Creative...

Report

4 Dec 2008

Over seventy per cent of the Australian continent is managed by farmers, graziers, Indigenous communities, and other private land managers. Recent years have seen a growing interest in the potential to use stewardship payments to encourage conservation activities on private land. Australian governments have supported...

Commentary

Article

3 Dec 2008

Although Labor’s SuperClinics make policy sense, resistance from doctors has slowed their implementation, writes JENNIFER DOGGETT on our partner website, Inside Story.

Article

4 Dec 2008

Leo Waaijers writes about copyright, prestige and cost control in the world of open access while in two appendices Bas Savenije and Michel Wesseling compare the costs of open access publishing and subscriptions/licences for their respective institutions.

The view that the results of...

Report

3 Dec 2008

On 27 November 2008, the Resale Royalty Right for Visual Artists Bill 2008 was introduced into the House of Representatives by the Minister for the Environment, Heritage and the Arts, the Hon Peter Garrett MP.

The Bill will be be referred to the...

Report

3 Dec 2008

In recent years, Australians have begun to realise the contribution that telecommunications and competitive media can make to the development of a prosperous and socially viable nation. With that realisation, broadband has moved to the centre of the policy agenda. This report focuses on the...

Journal article

4 Dec 2008

Abstract In order to incorporate Web 2.0 functionality effectively, digital libraries must fundamentally recast users not just as content consumers, but as content creators. This article analyzes the integration of social annotations ? uncontrolled user-generated content ? into digital collection items. The literature review briefly...

Journal article

4 Dec 2008

A recent article by James Evans in Science (Evans 2008) is being widely discussed in the science and publishing communities. Evans' in-depth research on citations in over 34 million articles and how online availability affects citing patterns, found that the more issues of a journal...

Journal article

4 Dec 2008

The ERICarts Institute carried out a six month study for the European Commission between April and October 2008 on mobility incentives in the culture/creative sector. This was not intended to be an audit of all mobility related schemes in Europe, but rather a survey and...

Survey

4 Dec 2008

This survey report reveals increases in foreign production and co-production activity, particularly TV drama. The survey covers all Australian and co-production titles made each year, as well foreign titles if they are shot in Australia or do post, digital or visual effects (PDV) work here....

Report

3 Dec 2008

The task of formulating workable approaches to the management of international migration remains a formidable challenge for the community, one that will require both time and effort over the coming years. In what terms are we to develop comprehensive migration management strategies that will help...

Report

3 Dec 2008

Increasing demand for Australian seafood overseas and at home is driving both legal and illegal markets, heightening the need for sustainable harvesting and management. Though illegal activity in the Australian domestic fishing industry has long been thought to be small-scale and opportunistic, significant numbers are...

Report

3 Dec 2008

This report presents findings from and an overview of key characteristics of the 18th annual collection of homicide data (2006-07), the most comprehensive collection on homicide in Australia, including details on victims, offenders, and incident circumstances. Australia wide, 260 incidents of homicide occurred in the...

Article

2 Dec 2008

America?s communications infrastructure is stuck at a copper wall. For the vast majority of homes, copper wires remain the principal means of getting broadband services. The deployment of fiber optic connections to the home would enable exponentially faster connections, and few dispute that upgrading to...

Chapter

2 Dec 2008

Using Delhi's media networks as an example, the author suggests that new domains of nonlegal networks could pose significant problems for classic strategies of incorporation and management in political society. These nonlegal domains open up new spaces of disorder and constant conflict in Indian cities...

Report

3 Dec 2008

Telecommuting, a practice increasingly favored by employers and workers alike, has a great deal to recommend it, but it also raises serious new privacy and security threats that must be addressed in order to prevent this generally beneficial practice from leading to serious privacy and...

Article

2 Dec 2008

This report is the culmination of industry research and regular events involving executives, journalists, academics and commentators, and aims to build an accurate picture of the extent and pace of industry change, to manage that change for the benefit of the whole industry and journalists...

Report

2 Dec 2008

There has been a significant proliferation of bilateral free trade agreements. This background note examines the impact of the agreements thus far concluded and their trade impact on Australia.There has been a significant proliferation of bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) in recent history, particularly FTAs...

Report

2 Dec 2008

This report describes the manufacture and use of, and trade in, chemicals that can be used to produce illicit drugs - precursor chemicals - in Oceania; explores border management and control of precursor chemicals; and analyses legislation and regional capacity to respond.

There is...

Report

2 Dec 2008

It is well-documented that crime rates and the prevalence of mental illness are both higher in areas with pronounced levels of social disorganisation. Far less is known about the association of disadvantaged community conditions with criminal behaviour and mental illness. This study aimed to identify...

Report

2 Dec 2008

This paper looks at the effect of equipment investment on the growth of developing countries and the interrelationship between such investment and human capital.

That both equipment investment and human capital affect growth in developing countries is a well established fact in the empirical...

Journal article

2 Dec 2008

This paper consists of a summary of the main sources of uncertainty about climate change, and a discussion of the major implications for economic analysis and the formulation of climate policy. Uncertainty typically implies that the optimal policy is more risk-averse than otherwise, and therefore...

Report

2 Dec 2008

Hospitalisation rates for diseases of the digestive system are lower among Indigenous peoples compared with other Australians. However, of those who are hospitalised with a disease of the digestive system, Indigenous people are less likely to have a procedure recorded than other Australians. The aim...

Report

2 Nov 2008

This paper contributes to the emerging literature on racial and ethnic tension by analyzing the relationship between local socio-economic conditions and the propensity for outsiders to have threatening racial encounters with insiders. The authors use unique data for a sample of active-duty Army personnel that...

Report

2 Dec 2008

An emerging body of international research suggests that housing is associated with many aspects of social and economic life, including personal and family wellbeing, mental and physical health, economic participation, social connectedness, community functioning, sustainable cities and social cohesion. It is less clear, however, just...

Article

1 Dec 2008

This website is a showcase of over forty remarkable achievements in the domain of e-Services, e-Learning and e-Government that were realised in European regions in 2002-2007. In that period regions and cities in Belgium, Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom closely worked...

Report

1 Dec 2008

Sea level rise due to climate change has the potential to significantly influence floodplain management in NSW. This paper provides a description of the likely effects of a sea level rise of up to 1 m on urban developments. This is followed with a preliminary...

Report

1 Dec 2008

The Prosperous Justice Party (PKS) is the most interesting phenomenon in contemporary Indonesian politics. Not only is it growing rapidly in membership and electoral support, it is also bringing a new and markedly different approach to Islamic politics, one which has no precedent in Indonesian...

Report

1 Dec 2008

Tasmania’s economic performance has experienced changing fortunes over the past two decades. This development provided a unique opportunity to investigate the drivers of this change and to find out if there are lessons for regional policy.

Report

1 Dec 2008

This release includes latest life tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians and data on total births, deaths, and changes in migration, together with the outcome of the Review of the Australian Standard Geographical Classification, 2008.

Report

1 Dec 2008

This report investigates the support and accommodation needs of women (and children) affected by domestic and family violence.

Report

1 Dec 2008

Following concerns raised about the Subclass 457 visa program, this report inquiry was commissioned to recommend changes to the scheme. This report recommends that the government should:

• abolish the minimum salary level in favour of market rates of pay for all temporary visa...

Report

1 Dec 2008

Under the Copyright Act 1968, authors and publishers who create a book are automatically entitled to a number of ‘exclusive rights’ over their work. Copyright protection of a book makes it illegal for others to make copies of that book without the permission of the...

Report

1 Dec 2008

Climate change is not only affecting where people live and prosper but also where mosquitoes do. This is bad news for northern Australia and Australia's northern neighbours. In a new policy brief, Dr Sarah Potter, a malaria research scientist, analyses how climate change will likely...

Report

1 Dec 2008

The National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission commissioned the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare to undertake projections of Australian health care expenditure using the Institute's disease expenditure projection model. The report projects health and residential aged care expenditure for the period 2003 to 2033....

Report

1 Dec 2008

Unintentional falls, transport-related injury, intentional self-harm and assault are common causes of hospitalised injury in the Australian community. Injuries due to these and other causes are described in this report.

This report presents national statistics on injuries that resulted in admission to hospitals in...

Report

1 Dec 2008

Norway leads the world in closing the gender gap between men and women, according to this report. Three other Nordic countries - Finland, Sweden and Iceland - also top the report's Gender Gap Index. Australia ranks 21st out of 130 countries. Norway leads the world...

Report

1 Dec 2008

This policy brief discusses the issue of land use planning (land use policy, land care and land use planning) in the Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) and the need for countries to formulate realistic land use policies as a means to preventing further degradation...

Report

1 Dec 2008

Invertebrate export fisheries are persistently overfished as a result of the local population’s greater fishing capacity and growing need for cash, coupled with an expanding market in China and “fly-by-night” investment by the marine products sector with little interest in long-term sustainability. This brief paper...

Report

1 Dec 2008

Nurses have been found to be exposed to a wide range of occupational hazards. They are particularly vulnerable to several diseases and injuries, including musculoskeletal injuries, latex allergies and needlestick injuries. Concerns have been raised in the research literature that rural and remote workplaces pose...

Report

1 Oct 2008

The relationship between income inequality and national savings is theoretically ambiguous, and past empirical studies have delivered mixed results. The authors of this paper revisit the question using a newly available source of data on inequality: the income share of the richest 10 percent and...

Report

1 Dec 2008

This paper outlines Australia's experience with labour market programs since 1973 and uses existing information to assess the effectiveness of the programs, especially those which are designed to assist the unemployed, wage subsidies and direct job creation.