February 2009

Commentary

Article

28 Feb 2009

RECENTLY there has been extended debate about whether the age pension is sufficiently high to allow older Australians to attain an acceptable standard of living. This has been partly driven by lobby groups for seniors, and partly by the federal government’s review of pensions. The...

Research report

26 Feb 2009

As the need for investment in infrastructure continues to grow, private sector financing for infrastructure projects has developed around the world. Given the long-term growth and (potentially) low correlation aspects of infrastructure investments, pension funds have also shown interest in increasing their exposure to this...

Research report

26 Feb 2009

A new arts agenda for the internet age must take risks beyond the political safety net of cultural nationalism. Helen O'Neil proposes a new path towards a creative Australia where the arts, fully encouraged and unleashed, re-invigorate growth and innovation at every level.

Research report

26 Feb 2009

The report looks at how to best leverage the operations and activities of not-for-profit community organisations organisations to enhance interactions with large businesses. The report also examines: barriers to corporate community partnerships developing further in Australia, differences between not-for-profit organisations and corporations, positive and negative...

Research report

26 Feb 2009

E-learning is being sought out by Australian business and industry looking to solve significant skills shortages by curbing time consuming off-the-job training and speeding up apprenticeship completion times.

Key findings from this research include:

Employers clearly want more work-based training, with less...

Research report

26 Feb 2009

This report presents the findings that have emerged out of the second AHURI funded National Research Venture (NRV2), 21st century housing careers and Australia's housing future. The report identifies the major drivers of housing careers in Australia in the first part of the 21st century,...

Book

25 Feb 2009

ON AN AVERAGE DAY in Australia in 2006 there were approximately 145,000 people over 65 years of age living in nursing homes. In 2004-05, a further 562,000 older Australians received some kind of formal, publicly funded care at home - 25 per cent more than...

Commentary

Article

25 Feb 2009

WHAT is the greatest threat to humankind: a sinking global economy, or a warming planet? We know the big and ongoing story has been the crisis in the global economy, a crisis addressed by governments worldwide, including Australia’s, with record spending packages. But this crisis...

Commentary

Article

25 Feb 2009

THE FAILURE to foresee the baby boom that began in Australia in 2005 and has now hit a thirty-year high has had serious consequences for public hospitals and birthing services. Its impact has been felt more severely because of shortages in the maternity workforce. A...

Commentary

Article

25 Feb 2009

IT IS OFTEN SAID that there is nothing more powerful than an idea whose time has come. But it seems that in the case of Minister Wong’s version of emissions trading, the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme, or CPRS, there is nothing less powerful than an...

Guide

26 Feb 2009

These guidelines provide practical models for businesses and their training partners to provide effective support for learners using e-learning in workplaces.

Data has come from businesses that have received funding support under the national training system?s e-learning strategy, the Australian Flexible Learning Framework to...

Research report

26 Feb 2009

E-learning is being sought out by Australian business and industry looking to solve significant skills shortages by curbing time consuming off-the-job training and speeding up apprenticeship completion times.

Key findings from this research include:

? Employers clearly want more work-based training, with less...

Article

26 Feb 2009

Frank explores the importance and fragility of the imagination and the dangers of heavy handed interventions. "Because of the Henson controversy, I decided I should sit down and look at the reasoning we use to defend the faculty of the artistic imagination: why is the...

Article

26 Feb 2009

A new arts agenda for the internet age must take risks beyond the political safety net of cultural nationalism. Helen O'Neil proposes a new path towards a creative Australia where the arts, fully encouraged and unleashed, re-invigorate growth and innovation at every level.

Research report

25 Feb 2009

Trend analysis shows that over the last decade a greater number of Australians are concerned about climate change, and that Australians are more likely to be concerned than are Americans.What views do Australians hold about climate change, have these views changed over time, and how...

Research report

25 Feb 2009

The Australian economy performed well in 2007–08, maintaining a trend that has continued over a number of years. Despite the strong performance overall, however, there remains considerable divergence between the states and territories. Generally speaking, Western Australia, Queensland and the Northern Territory have tended to...

Research report

25 Feb 2009

In December 2008, the Australian Local Government Association conducted a three day summit in Melbourne. The summit agreed that the solution to the problems of local government lies in a more direct relationship with the federal government and that nothing less than reform of the...

Research report

25 Feb 2009

This report focuses on the information and communications technologies (ICT) that enable collaborative learning to happen online and includes school education, vocational education and training and higher education. It

• briefly describes the theories that underpin collaborative learning, the skills that are necessary for...

Research report

25 Feb 2009

This report provides detailed information on the composition, size and operation of Australia’s Migration, Temporary Entry and Humanitarian Programs. It includes assessments of migrant outcomes such as labour market performance and citizenship rates, reports on the range of settlement services offered to our migrants, and...

Research report

25 Feb 2009

It is 15 years since the Native Title Act commenced to operate, and it is appropriate to take stock of what has been achieved to date, look at some of the challenges ahead and think creatively about how those challenges might be met so that...

Research report

25 Feb 2009

This report recommends that the Australian government introduce new dedicated legislation to facilitate the making of public interest disclosures and strengthen legal protection for whistleblowers in the Commonwealth public sector. The Commonwealth is the only Australian jurisdiction that does not have legislation to encourage public...

Commentary

Article

24 Feb 2009

JUST OVER a century ago Australia’s two non-Labor political parties - Alfred Deakin’s Liberals and George Reid’s Anti-Socialists - merged to form the Fusion Party. The new party was dominated by economic conservatives and suffered a heavy electoral defeat at the hands of the young...

Article

24 Feb 2009

Facebook and other social networks have an especially tricky time in this zone, since so much user data is relational. You upload a photo of you and me; I tag it with your name. I leave Facebook ? does your name disappear from the photo...

Research report

24 Feb 2009

This blog entry and associated comments concern the problems and benefits of making graduate dissertations available through Creative Commons.

"And while we're at it... why not make it freely available? Part way through my dissertation, I realized that I had never read a...

Article

23 Feb 2009

This report provides stakeholders, leaders and members of the public with a comprehensive account of federal investments in university research and the value of this research to Canadians.This publication is the second edition of AUCC's report on the collective efforts of universities with respect to...

Article

23 Feb 2009

BARACK Obama out-duelled Hillary Clinton on the web during their battle for the Democratic presidential nomination. But Secretary of State Clinton is giving President Obama a run for the money in the latest web 2.0 sweepstakes.

The former first lady has taken to...

Research report

23 Feb 2009

Richard Leaver of Flinders University writes that the current regime of IAEA inspections in Nuclear Weapon States characterized by “discretionary and partial coverage of inspections, can have no future in a world aiming for nuclear disarmament.” Leaver seeks the “missing lessons” for Australian uranium export...

Research report

23 Feb 2009

The original aims of this project were to:

• clarify the impact of Community Housing Organisation operating deficits on the potential growth and development of an expanded community housing sector

• develop suitable policy options for returning community housing to operational surpluses; and...

Research report

23 Feb 2009

Case management has been central to homelessness assistance practice in Australia since at least the early 1990s, when it was adopted as a key strategy to enhance the Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP). The approach was formally documented in 1997 with the release of the...

Research report

23 Feb 2009

The Melbourne Institute Wages Report provides business, economists, policy makers and academics with up-to-date information on wage pressure in the economy. A drawback of the ABS Average Weekly Earnings (AWE) publication, for example, is that it is published with a significant lag, with release figures...

Research report

23 Feb 2009

The study reviews the implications of climate change for children and future generations, drawing on relevant experiences in different sectors and countries of promoting child rights and well-being. It traces in considerable detail the pathways through which shifts in temperature and precipitation patterns create serious...

Research report

23 Feb 2009

Disputes about easements can have a huge emotional and financial cost to Tasmanians. This is highlighted by the way in which this project came to the attention of the Institute. In suggesting a review of the law of easements, a member of the public detailed...

Research report

23 Feb 2009

In this Policy Brief, Fergus Hanson looks at the Australian government's current approach to suspected war criminals living here. It finds Australia has inadvertently become a safe haven for suspected war criminals and needs to do more to meet its international obligations to end impunity...

Research report

23 Feb 2009

It's now common to hear the claim that the global financial crisis will fundamentally change the world economy. In a new paper in the Lowy Institute's Perspectives series, Mark Thirlwell asks whether the changing facts about the world economy - plummeting growth, soaring risk aversion,...

Research report

23 Feb 2009

This report finds that all measures of tooth loss, poorer oral health and unfavourable dental visiting patterns were more prevalent among non-capital-city residents than capital-city dwellers.

• Complete tooth loss was more prevalent among older age groups and non-capital-city residents.

• Inadequate natural...

Research report

23 Feb 2009

This report builds on previous findings from studies on mortality and cancer incidence of personnel who worked on the Royal Australian Air Force F-111 fuel tanks in 1997.In 1977, the Royal Australian Air Force commenced a series of Deseal / Reseal (DSRS) programs on the...

Commentary

Article

19 Feb 2009

WHAT the Rudd government proposes for schools - better IT infrastructure, beefed-up national curriculum, improved transition to training or work, a focus on the basic skills of the disadvantaged, better reporting on schools’ performance - are all achievable and worthwhile, but they are not even...

Journal article

22 Feb 2009

Wikipedia has grown to be one of the most visited Web sites in the world. Despite its influence on popular culture and the way we think about knowledge production and consumption, the conversation about why and how it works or whether it's credible at all...

Article

22 Feb 2009

Fundraisers often feel stymied by their software. They spend hours putting in all the necessary data only to spend additional hours trying to get it back out in a logical format. The temptation is to look over the fence for greener grass. But before you...

Article

22 Feb 2009

Online videos can be a great way to showcase your organisation's mission and work - but you'll need to make sure they reach your intended audience. This article looks at some of the ways you can distribute videos online.

The lines between the...

Article

22 Feb 2009

Academic librarians want their Web sites to attract faculty and students the way flowers invite insects for a visit. The urge to plunge into the cornucopia of electronic riches that lies waiting in the library?s highly organized portal should be irresistible. Exclusive research databases, costly...

Research report

22 Feb 2009

Documentary production in Australia reached an 11-year high in 2006/07. A total of 406 hours (196 titles) were produced, with production budgets totalling $97.2 million, compared to a yearly average of 306 hours and $65.4 million.

Production companies made an annual average of 202...

Research report

22 Feb 2009

The first in a new series of regional and sector-based Horizon Reports, the 2008 Australia-New Zealand Edition examines emerging technologies as they appear in and affect higher education in Australia and New Zealand in particular.

The core of the report describes six areas...

Research report

22 Feb 2009

The annual Horizon Report seeks to identify and describe emerging technologies likely to have considerable impact on teaching, learning, and creative expression within higher education.The annual Horizon Report is a collaborative effort between the New Media Consortium (NMC) and the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative (ELI). Each...

Report

22 Feb 2009

Australia's international relationships are increasingly located in Asia rather than the rest of the world according to this report, the first ever comprehensive index of Australian - Asian engagement.

The Index measures changes across a range of areas, including trade, investment, tourism, education, migration,...

Research report

22 Feb 2009

This report documents a project exploring the experiences of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex seniors in aged care services.

Research report

22 Feb 2009

The aims of this Review were to: * elicit a range of perspectives on maternity services in Australia * identify key gaps in current arrangements * determine what change is required * determine what is needed for change to occur, and * inform the priorities...

Research report

21 May 2009

The Resale Royalty Right for Visual Artists Bill 2008 (the Bill) is intended to give effect to the Australian Government’s election policy commitment to introduce a resale royalty right for visual artists. A resale royalty, also called a droit de suite, entitles an artist to...

Bill

21 Feb 2009

The Resale Royalty Right for Visual Artists Bill 2008 (the Bill) is intended to give effect to the Australian Government?s election policy commitment to introduce a resale royalty right for visual artists. A resale royalty, also called a droit de suite, entitles an artist to...

Research report

19 Feb 2009

Australian households will need access to clear and concise technical information in preparation for the transition from analog to digital television, according to this ACMA report. The report is based on an analysis of 120 households from across the greater Sydney metropolitan region and was...

Research report

19 Feb 2009

Human‐computer interaction has been the cause of the emerging innovations in many fields, including in design and art, architectural, technological artifacts, and even traditional heritage.

In the case of Indonesian traditional heritages, the computation of fractal designs has been introduced to develop batik design...

Submission

19 Feb 2009

In their submission to the ABC and SBS Review, currently in progress, Stuart Cunningham and Terry Flew argue that how national public broadcasters respond to changes in the media environment arising from digitisation, convergence and changing societal needs and expectations can be best understood as...

Article

19 Feb 2009

Australian households will need access to clear and concise technical information in preparation for the transition from analog to digital television, according to this Australian Commuications and Media Authority (ACMA) report. The report is based on an analysis of 120 households from across the greater...

Article

18 Feb 2009

The transformation of the media world is well underway, facilitated by the spread of digital tools. A myriad of innovative new media organizations have sprung up to take advantage of the opportunities that stem from low-cost distribution networks. Meanwhile the economic base of many of...

Research report

18 Feb 2009

Over half of the adult internet population is between 18 and 44 years old. But larger percentages of older generations are online now than in the past, and they are doing more activities online, according to surveys taken from 2006-08.Over half of the adult internet...

Article

18 Feb 2009

In the past three years, developments in social networking and internet applications have begun providing internet users with more opportunities for sharing short updates about themselves, their lives, and their whereabouts online. Users may post messages about their status, their moods, their location and other...

Research report

17 Feb 2009

This report examines training pathways for the development of orchestral musicians for the professional orchestral sector.

It identifies key issues and gaps, and recommends approaches to strengthen the future coordination and effectiveness of training at these levels for the sector in Australia. The scope...

Guide

23 Dec 2008

Effective governance is one of the most important aspects of running a successful arts organisation. But what makes a great board? What are a board?s responsibilities? And how do you attract terrific board members?

On Board is a short, easy-to-read guide to the basics...

Research report

17 Feb 2009

This report is the UK Government's plan to secure Britain's place at the forefront of the global digital economy. The interim report contains more than 20 recommendations, including specific proposals on:

* next generation networks * universal access to broadband * the creation of...

Research report

17 Feb 2009

This interim report contains the proposed reform directions as recommended by the National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission, the body established in February 2008 to develop a long-term health reform plan for a modern Australia.

The report proposes 116 reform directions across the spectrum...

Research report

17 Feb 2009

Following a Productivity Commission review of Australia's consumer policy framework, all Australian governments agreed to a new consumer policy framework, comprising a single national consumer law and streamlined enforcement arrangements. An Australian Consumer Law will significantly enhance consumer protection, reduce regulatory complexity for businesses and...

Commentary

Article

17 Feb 2009

UNTIL A DEAL was struck with the small party and independent senators, Malcolm Turnbull’s decision to oppose the federal government’s economic stimulus package was putting at risk a once in a lifetime opportunity to improve education in Australia.

Why? Because this is a moment...

Article

17 Feb 2009

BUSHFIRES are a fact of life in Australia, and have long been an essential part of our ecosystem. Research conducted by the Australian Institute of Criminology shows that, of the 20,000 to 30,000 vegetation fires experienced in Australia each year, about half are deliberately lit...

Commentary

Article

16 Feb 2009

WE SHOULD have seen this coming. We did see this coming. Yet we failed to save lives. We have still not lived long enough. They had not lived long enough were the words that Judge Leonard Stretton used to describe the people who lived and...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

The Australian Communications and Media Authority is seeking public comment on proposed variations to digital television conversion schemes to enable the staggered, region-by-region switch-over to digital television.

The Commercial Television Conversion Scheme 1999 and the National Television Conversion Scheme 1999 set out the...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

The findings of a cultural industries skills audit undertaken in 2008 in Katherine, Northern Territory, are explored. The case study focuses in particular on the practical challenges and implications of auditing skills in a diverse industry sector and considers the usefulness of such an audit...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

If Darwin wants to be more than the sum of its parts, the key question posed by this report is critical – namely, what strengths and capacities does Australia’s northernmost capital have to draw upon to be renowned as a Creative Tropical City?

The...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

The Premier of South Australia, the Hon Mike Rann MP, established the Social Inclusion Initiative in 2002. While he drew extensively on the ideas of the Blair Labour Government in Britain, which had set up a Social Exclusion Unit in 1997, the Premier called on...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

The majority of stakeholders argued that the current targeted level of prescribed burning, approximately 130,000 hectares per annum, undertaken by DSE and its partner agencies is insufficient to mitigate the impacts of future bushfires and provide the level of fire needed to promote healthy ecological...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

The Australian government’s economic policy is currently driven by the findings of the Intergenerational Report which found that ageing of the population, coupled with strong growth in health and disability support pension spending, would force the Australian Government unsustainably into deficit over the long term....

Research report

8 Apr 2004

This 2004 Inquiry responded to its terms of reference by focusing on the following themes: risk factors contributing to bushfires; bushfire mitigation strategies and their impacts; the impacts of bushfires on the environment, life, property and the economy; resources and infrastructure for fire mitigation and...

Research report

16 Jan 2009

Using data from 191 Australian state elections, the authors test how voters respond to economic conditions. They find that unemployment has a strong impact on election outcomes, with each additional percentage point of unemployment reducing the incumbent's re-election probability by 3-5 per cent. However, when...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

This paper considers the potential for the cultural transmission of attitudes toward work, welfare, and individual responsibility to explain the intergenerational correlation in welfare receipt. Specifically, we investigate whether 18-year olds’ views about social benefits and the drivers of social inequality depend on their families’...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

All too often, the rights of aged pensioners are overlooked in what is sometimes a callous and cynical political game.

For the residential care system - high and low intensity care, there is already an urgent need for reform. This paper, however, will survey...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

Based on previous research undertaken by the Australian Institute of Criminology it seems that approximately half of all vegetations fires - some 20,000 to 30,000 each year - are deliberately lit, and that arson in all forms costs the Australian community $1.6 billion annually. Although...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

The digital divide is exacerbating inequalities in access to good schooling and other children’s services. Many parents are pulled in two ways by the new technology -- they fear its negative impacts: passivity, physical inactivity, pornography and cyber-bullying. But they sense that without adequate exposure...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

Allan Behm from the Canberra security consultancy firm Knowledge Pond writes that “the geophysical and ecological forces that are currently (re)shaping the physical environment add another layer of complexity to the political and economic forces that have hitherto determined the longer-term strategic prospects of Indonesia...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

This report summarises the characteristics of people who were 'on the books' during 2007-08 and the Younger People With Disability in Residential Aged Care services they received. This report includes information from the 2007-08 Younger People With Disability in Residential Aged Care Minimum Data Set...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

The unfolding global economic debacle has led many governments, including our own, to reach into their policy toolkits for fiscal stimulus measures. In doing so, they have revived fiscal policy as a counter-cyclical tool, which was so much in vogue until the early 1970s that...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

This paper aims to contribute to the discussion on the quality and accessibility of underpinning knowledge in competency-based training. It uses the Vocational Graduate Certificate and the Vocational Graduate Diploma in Education Design in a Queensland TAFE institute to examine how the 'traditional' knowledge and...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

The place of women in the manual trades is examined in this paper, which sets out strategies for encouraging them to study and work in areas such as building and construction. Such strategies include introductory and pre-apprenticeships courses, clustering female students, and support from teachers...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

In health policy debates in recent years, a range of different models have been proposed for reforming the Australian health system. When presented in isolation, these models can be confusing, particularly for those for whom the health system is unfamiliar territory. This Background Note is...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

The impacts of climate change are complex, difficult to predict, yet too far-reaching to ignore. This 2008 report outlines potential threats to assets and infrastructure in Gippsland and address issues like erosion and sand transport. When storms wash away our beaches where does the sand...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

This report takes a closer look at Indigenous Supported Accommodation Assistance Program clients including the reasons why they seek support, what they needed and received while supported, and what their outcomes were.Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples make up a significant proportion of Supported Accommodation...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

This report is a timely reminder of the cost of chronic disease to both the community and economy and provides further evidence for national action to prevent chronic disease.With the Australian population ageing and experiencing increasing rates of some risk factors such as obesity, chronic...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

The Digest also presents the initial results of a major UIS initiative to build a more robust set of historical time series data to track global trends in primary and secondary education. These data can be used to provide a global perspective on long-term progress...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

Ideally, towns and cities should be the site where children socialise, observe and learn how society functions. They should also be places where children can find refuge, discover nature and find tolerant and caring adults who will encourage them to explore and wonder about their...

Research report

16 Feb 2009

People from backgrounds of low socio-economic status (SES) are significantly under-represented in Australian higher education. In urban areas, people from low SES comprise 12.8% of the population but occupy only 9% of higher education places. However, once enrolled at university, low-SES students in urban areas...

Research report

16 Jan 2009

Using unique information for a cohort of Australian youth, this paper explores the association between youths' perception of control (i.e. locus of control) and three educational outcomes: (i) Year 12 completion, (ii) whether youth obtained an Equivalent National Tertiary Entrance Rank (ENTER) score, and (iii)...

Article

16 Feb 2009

If you can tear yourself away from your favorite television shows long enough to wander down to your local bookstore, you will be amazed at all the books you'll find these days?about your favorite television shows. The medium that was supposed to be the archenemy...

Journal article

16 Feb 2009

This paper provides the first full description of the status of Australian institutional repositories. Australia presents an interesting case because of the government?s support of institutional repositories and open access. A survey of all 39 Australian universities conducted in September 2008 shows that 32 institutions...

Article

16 Feb 2009

This study explores an under-studied layer of Chinese Internet censorship: how Chinese Internet companies censor user?generated content, usually by deleting it or preventing its publication. Systematic testing of Chinese blog service providers reveals that domestic censorship is very decentralized with wide variation from company to...

Article

16 Feb 2009

According to a recent survey by the National Campaign To Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy on Sex and Tech one in five American teenagers reports that he or she has sent or posted naked photos of himself or herself.

Parents can forget that...

Article

16 Feb 2009

At our desk, on the road, or on a remote beach, the world is a tap away. It's so cool. And yet it's not. What we lose with our constant connectedness. If you can't remember the last time you were truly unplugged, you've got company....

Research report

16 Feb 2009

This report presents the latest available data for more than 200 countries and explains how UNESCO Institute for Statistics data are collected, processed and reported.The 2008 edition presents the latest available data for more than 200 countries and territories including 2007 data for a number...

Research report

13 Feb 2009

Around 70 per cent of Australian households own or are purchasing their home. The rate of home ownership has remained remarkably stable at this level for over four decades according to data collected by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in its Census of Population and...

Article

12 Feb 2009

The Review of National Broadcasting is being undertaken at a time when the remit of public broadcasters worldwide is being looked at. In contrast to the 1990s - where much of the debate was about whether they were still needed as cable and satellite TV...

Research report

12 Jan 2009

Australia’s National Drought Policy is considered to be one of the most advanced in the world, recognising as it does the reality of climate and focusing on adapting farm management to climatic uncertainty rather than simply subsidising agriculture in low rainfall areas. But while the...

Research report

12 Feb 2009

In early 2008 the federal government instructed the Productivity Commission (PC) to enquire into the social and economic policy issue of paid parental leave (PPL). In their draft report, the PC (2008) has called for a taxpayer funded scheme of 18 weeks duration, despite Australian...

Research report

12 Feb 2009

NSW public hospitals are plagued by massive systemic failures, as diagnosed in the Garling report . At the same time, hospital costs are blowing out, and may yet bankrupt the NSW budget despite a massive federal bailout under the COAG agreement. The situation requires dramatic...

Research report

12 Feb 2009

Applying the usual international criteria, Australia and NSW have a public hospital system of high standard. What then is the public to make of the alarming reports which regularly appear in the media and suggest quite the opposite?

One explanation is that even the...

Research report

11 Feb 2009

In December 2008, the federal government received the Review of Australian Higher Education: Final Report , prepared by a policy review committee chaired by former Vice-Chancellor Denise Bradley. The education minister, Julia Gillard, has indicated that she will give her response to it in early...

Commentary

Article

12 Feb 2009

From last Friday to Monday, sandwiched between official parliamentary sittings, a different type of parliament sat in Old Parliament House. The so-called Citizens’ Parliament convened to consider how our democracy could be improved. The message from the participants, randomly chosen from the electoral roll, was...

Commentary

Article

10 Feb 2009

LAMPEDUSA is the rocky, arid home to some 6000 permanent residents. Although it belongs to Italy, it has more in common with Tunisian beach resorts than with, say, Elba or Capri - not surprisingly, for it is 113 kilometres from the African coast but 205...

Article

11 Feb 2009

Unparalleled information access, although empowering, is also disruptive and presents its own unique set of issues and challenges, both to journalists and to society as a whole. Facing a virtual tsunami of unfiltered information?powered by an ongoing technological revolution that has democratized tools of media...

Article

11 Feb 2009

Universities have long had a deep relationship with the economic, social and cultural life of the cities in which they are based. As the UK makes the shift towards an economy that is more reliant on knowledge, innovation and skills, however, national policy makers are...

Discussion paper

1 Dec 2008

In December 2008 the federal government that during 2009 it will introduce amendments to give the Federal Court a central role in managing all native title claims. This paper outlines the proposed changes.In December 2008 the federal government that during 2009 it will introduce amendments...

Research report

11 Feb 2009

The total amount of funding for road-related expenditure by the Australian, state, territory and local governments in 2006–07 was $12.0 billion. This amount includes donations from the non-public sector. Between 2000-01 and 2006-07, total road-related expenditure increased by an average of 8.9 per cent per...

Research report

11 Feb 2009

Transformation in the way people and businesses use technology could reduce annual man-made global emissions by 15 per cent by 2020 and deliver energy efficiency savings to global businesses of over EUR 500 billion (AUD 980 billion), according to a new report published by independent...

Research report

11 Feb 2009

In light of freedom of information laws and other modern moves towards greater openness and accountability on the one hand, and the current international security environment on the other, are secrecy laws still relevant and necessary? Is a statutory duty on Commonwealth officers not to...

Research report

11 Feb 2009

Australian Government agencies received 29,019 FOI access requests in 2007–08, a decrease of 25 per cent on the previous year’s figure, according to this report. The report shows that 85 per cent of FOI requests are from people seeking access to documents containing personal information...

Research report

28 Aug 2008

The delivery of appropriate care for people with more severe psychogeriatric disorders that result in behaviours that place either themselves or others at risk is a significant challenge. This report highlights the fact that the best care outcomes for people with psychogeriatric disorders are achieved...

Research report

6 Feb 2009

The mutual recognition schemes linking Australian states and territories and New Zealand have contributed to the creation of a seamless national economy in Australia and a single economic market across the Tasman, according to this report. This, and other findings are contained in a review...

Submission

11 Feb 2009

Each year, the Refugee Council invites people from across Australia to participate in its national consultations on the future of Australia's refugee and humanitarian program. These consultations inform RCOA's annual submission to the Minister for Immigration and Citizenship on issues the Australian Government should consider...

Research report

11 Feb 2009

More Australians with disabilities are using Australian Government employment services according to new figures in this report. Over 82,000 people used open and supported employment services to help them find a job - an increase of over seven per cent on the previous year. Of...

Article

11 Feb 2009

This evaluation finds that Australia's six symphony orchestras have made a smooth transition to become fully independent companies following their divestment from the ABC. The evaluation concluded that since divestment from the ABC to independent company status the orchestras have made great strides artistically and...

Research report

11 Feb 2009

Video games are often overlooked in the scope of usability testing simply because, in a broad sense, their raison d?etre is so different than that of a typical functional interface: fun, engagement, and immersion, rather than usability and efficiency. Players are supposed to get a...

Research report

11 Feb 2009

As the world's economy becomes more integrated and more sophisticated, economic prosperity, social wellbeing and personal fulfillment will depend increasingly on a new set of skills. In both developed and developing nations, teachers and young people have embraced new technologies to connect, collaborate, learn and...

Research report

11 Feb 2009

Players in communication markets are no longer the traditional alternative operators providing voice services, but a range of service providers including Internet Service Providers and cable television service providers who provide VoIP services and broadband access. This paper assembles some evidence on developments in investment...

Article

11 Feb 2009

Does technology liberate or enslave? When Prometheus first started the industrial revolution, Zeus thought he had liberated humanity and should be punished for it. The tension between technology as empowering versus technology as sinister control continues. The web versus the database, liberation or tool of...

Reports

11 Feb 2009

The 268 public submissions to this inquiry are now available online.

Research report

11 Feb 2009

Transformation in the way people and businesses use technology could reduce annual man-made global emissions by 15 per cent by 2020 and deliver energy efficiency savings to global businesses of over EUR 500 billion (AUD 980 billion), according to a new report published by independent...

Research report

9 Feb 2009

The earliest public health statutes contrived to develop effective controls of the excesses of the rapid urban development that accompanied the industrial revolution. By the end of the 20th century, much responsibility for the regulation of the built environment has been dispersed across government and...

Research report

9 Feb 2009

There is a substantial history of health-related law in Australia, but only recently has this included a significant amount of state regulation pertaining to tobacco promotion, sale and public use. The important question is: under what circumstances do regulation and law enforcement work? Rigorous, energetic,...

Research report

9 Feb 2009

Australia is experiencing a negative terms of trade shock with the price of exports falling relative to the price of imports. This shock is estimated to be minus 13 per cent in 2009–10 (Treasury 2009), which means that real incomes will either need...

Research report

23 May 2008

This publication reports on the roundtable discussions of The National Indigenous Tobacco Control Research where sixty-six representatives from community-controlled organisations, research institutions, state, territory and federal governments, and non-government organisations discussed gaps and priorities in the research agenda in Indigenous tobacco control.

Five keys...

Research report

9 Feb 2009

This paper describes the adaptation of Key Performance Indicators outlined in the Australian Public Mental Health Service for a Remote Area Child and Youth Mental Health Service operating in Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander settings.

Until relatively recently, Child and Youth Mental Health Services...

Research report

9 Feb 2009

Richard Broinowski of the University of Sydney writes “with a mixture of hope and doubt” about nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament. “Apart from the proliferation dangers inherent in expanding Australian uranium exports” argues Broinowski, “Australia’s selectivity in the pursuit of nuclear weapons offenders betrays a double...

Research report

9 Feb 2009

Low literacy levels represent an appalling loss of human potential and economic capacity. The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of progress, both substantively and in terms of measurement, since the last UNESCO literacy report in 1995.Low literacy levels represent an appalling...

Research report

9 Feb 2009

This report includes statistical indicators on all levels of education in some 200 countries and territories, and serves as an authoritative reference guide.Despite much progress since 2000, millions of children, youth and adults still lack access to good quality education and the benefits it brings....

Research report

9 Feb 2009

This report is the third in a series of national reports providing an overview of eye health in Australia and presents eye injuries from the perspectives of hospitalisations, general practice consultations, emergency department attendances, workers' compensation claims, and also as reported in national surveys.Reducing preventable...

Research report

9 Feb 2009

Since the early 1970s, there has been a 22-fold decrease in the number of adoptions in Australia, according to this report.'Adoptions Australia 2007-08', the 18th report in the series, presents the latest data on adoptions of Australian children and children from overseas, and highlights important...

Research report

9 Feb 2009

The project aims to:

1. Provide an understanding of the relationship between older home owners and their dwelling types, sizes and locations;

2. Examine the variation in these factors by the age of occupants, their level of ability, household type and...

Research report

9 Feb 2009

This ASPI Special Report examines defence funding as of late 2008 taking account of the government’s mid-year budget revisions, the latest Defence Annual Report, and the Global Financial Crisis.

For eight years now, Australia has been pursuing its largest military build-up since the Vietnam...

Research report

9 Feb 2009

This is the final report for the project Cut Off II: The Experience of Utility Disconnections, prepared for the Energy and Water Consumers’ Advocacy Program (EWCAP, formerly the Utility Consumers’ Advocacy Program (UCAP)). This project is a repeat of an earlier project carried out for...

Essay

4 Feb 2009

ANZSOG/ANU Public Lecture Series 2009, Canberra, 4 February. Early versions of this paper were presented to an Australian Public Service Commission ‘Leader-to-Leader’ seminar in October 2008, and as a keynote address to the Annual Conference of the Economics Society in August 2008.

What exactly...

Guide

9 Feb 2009

This 48 page creative industries guide provides information, ideas and guidance on a range of business issues relevant to enterprises in the creative, cultural and digital sectors.

Sections include:

- Strategic Planning

- Understanding your Customers - Profiting from your Ideas...

Research report

5 Feb 2009

Until now, information on the wealth of regions has not been freely available. The main contribution of this study is to fill that gap by providing new information on household wealth for Australia’s regions.

Commentary

Article

5 Feb 2009

ON 22 September last year, in a sunny room in the Sydney Convention Centre overlooking Darling Harbour, the official inquiry into what has become known as the Haneef Affair held its only major public proceeding. This “community forum” owed its existence to a commitment given...

Research report

4 Feb 2009

The arts sector is uniquely positioned to inform public debate on climate change and to explore solutions. Examining worldviews, social realities and physical circumstances has been a concern of the arts since prehistory. As public concern about climate change and other ecological issues grows, so...

Research report

4 Feb 2009

Fostering the arts and culture sector has played a vital role in state economic development, according to this report.Fostering the arts and culture sector has played a vital role in state economic development, according to a new report from the National Governors Association Center for...

Research report

4 Feb 2009

New research released by the Scottish Arts Council has shown, for the first time, the significance of higher education on those attending or taking part in the arts.

Where previously factors such as socio-economic class, postcode or age were considered to have a greater...

Research report

4 Feb 2009

edna commissioned market research with first year teachers about how they currently use ICT in their teaching, and how their pre-service training prepared them for using information technologies.

The focus group participants:

* were 'digital natives' with much greater reliance on ICT than...

Research report

4 Feb 2009

Pensions are inherently risky because they are long-term contracts, which complicates financial planning for individuals and governments. If things turn out better than expected, who will reap the gains? If things turn out worse, who will bear the cost? No one wants to bear risk,...

Commentary

Article

2 Feb 2009

PUT UP YOUR HAND if you understand how emissions trading works. Leave it up if you think the Rudd government’s Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (CPRS to its friends) is the best possible way of tackling climate change. Now that everyone has their hands comfortably by...

Research report

4 Feb 2009

During 2007/08, an additional 800,000 Australian households signed up for Broadband Internet, according to figures released by the ABS.During 2007/08, an additional 800,000 Australian households signed up for Broadband Internet, according to figures released today by the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

In 2007-08,...

Research report

4 Feb 2009

ACMA has started the national roll-out of Cybersafety Outreach - Professional Development for Educators - its national cybersafety program designed for primary and secondary level educators. The Australian Communications and Media Authority has started the national roll-out of Cybersafety Outreach ? Professional Development for Educators?its...

Research report

3 Feb 2009

This report looks at the economic contribution of Australia's copyright industries. The key findings include:

? Copyright is a key piece of infrastructure that supports the industries that comprise a modern economy

? Copyright industries comprise a substantial proportion of the Australian economy...

Research report

4 Feb 2009

Around 950 people met in Alice Springs from 3-5 October 2008 for Regional Arts Australia's sixth biennial conference, art at the heart. The central focus of the conference was artistic and cultural exchange and cross-cultural collaboration between Indigenous and non-Indigenous artists and cultural workers in...

Research report

3 Feb 2009

This article discusses the wide ranging changes in IT expectations and requirements between the author's two daughters as they enter college today and just four years ago.

"As I delivered my second daughter to college this past fall for her freshman year, I...

Research report

4 Feb 2009

A new ITIF report shows that the number of jobs filled by telecommuters could grow nearly four-fold to 19 million and deliver substantial economic, environmental and quality of life benefits for the United States over the next 12 years. Spurred by advances in IT, especially...

Book

4 Feb 2009

This 1998 publication is the first of three volumes of stories from rural and regional Australia, published jointly between the Australia Council and Regional Arts Australia. This publication represents Regional Arts Australia's first national advocacy initiative, designed to promote increased understanding of the nature of...

Research report

3 Feb 2009

This report looks at the economic contribution of Australia's copyright industries. The key findings include:

• Copyright is a key piece of infrastructure that supports the industries that comprise a modern economy

• Copyright industries comprise a substantial proportion of the Australian economy...

Research report

3 Feb 2009

The future effects of population ageing on the Australian economy have been widely canvassed in recent years, most notably in the two Intergenerational Reports produced by the Australian Treasury and in the Economic Implications of an Ageing Australia report produced by the Productivity Commission. These...

Research report

3 Feb 2009

A central theme in this research is the meaning of home ownership to Indigenous people living on communal title lands as opposed to those living on non-communal title lands. Communal title lands are popularly perceived to occur in remote Indigenous settlements, where lands are jointly...

Research report

3 Feb 2009

During the Howard government’s time in office five bills attracted a conscience vote. These bills were: Euthanasia Laws Bill 1996, Research Involving Embryos Bill 2002, Prohibition of Human Cloning Bill 2002, Therapeutic Goods Amendment (Repeal of Ministerial Responsibility for Approval of RU486) Bill 2005 and...

Research report

12 Dec 2008

This report makes a series of recommendations for strengthening the Sex Discrimination Act 1984, supported by a majority of members of the committee. It includes a dissenting report by Liberal senators and additional comments by Senator Hanson-Young of the Australian Greens.

Research report

3 Feb 2009

The changing global environment presents a number of challenges and opportunities for the Australian pharmaceuticals industry, according to this report, which makes a series of recommendations for government policy. Currently, the industry employs 40 000 people, exhibits an R&D intensity four times that of the...

Research report

3 Feb 2009

Concessions, benefits, incentives and charges provided through the tax system (known as tax expenditures) to taxpayers by the Australian government are detailed in this report. This statement lists around 320 tax expenditures and, where possible, reports the estimated pecuniary value or order of magnitude of...

Research report

3 Feb 2009

The Department of Family and Community Services makes, or has made in the past, a number of payments for children and child carers. This paper provides a short history of the development of these payments and a chronology of changes to each payment from their...

Research report

3 Feb 2009

This report examines the performance of all Australian governments providing education, justice, emergency management, health, community services and housing services.

This is the fourteenth edition of the report, produced by a Steering Committee of senior officials from Australian, State and Territory governments for the...

Research report

3 Feb 2009

A national integrated food policy is needed to address the issues of public health, sustainability and equity, according to this report. The issues facing our food system are complex, extend across many sectors and require integrated solutions. The most effective way to address the complex...

Research report

2 Feb 2009

Creative Partnerships is the UK Government's flagship creative learning programme, which uses artists and creative professionals to work with schools in deprived areas across the whole curriculum. The programme aims to develop the skills of young people across England, raising their aspirations and achievements, and...

Research report

2 Feb 2009

Poor dental health has become a growing concern, particularly among older Australians. This is partly due to the absence of a national dental health program which can be accessed by older Australians. In light of this, COTA Over 50s and the Australian Dental Industry Association...

Research report

2 Feb 2009

Endeavouring to move beyond 'simplistic' points about the rights to freedom of expression and sacrosanctity, this collection explores how differences between conceptions of the sacred can be negotiated. It recognises that blasphemy may be justified as a form of political criticism, as well as a...

Research report

30 May 2008

This paper argues that we are at a turning point in health policy and that changes in the existing health care system will not be sufficient to maintain and improve our health. Both our extensive knowledge about what creates health, as well as the exponentially...

Journal article

2 Feb 2009

The allied health professions form approximately 18% of the health workforce in Australia and are well placed to contribute to future multidisciplinary models of health care. There are many reports describing the health workforce in Australia for the medical and nursing professions but there is...

Research report

2 Feb 2009

The Public and Environmental Health Act 1987 and the Food Act 2001 provide the basis for Local Government public and environmental health activities and reporting in South Australia. Under these Acts, Local Government and SA Health are required to prepare and submit annual reports on...

Research report

2 Feb 2009

Measuring the social and emotional wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples provides a picture of the social and emotional wellbeing of Indigenous Australians using data from the 2004-05 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey and a range of administrative datasets. Measuring...

Research report

2 Feb 2009

This Statistician's Report analyses information collected in the 2006 Census of Population and Housing and presents stories about contemporary society and trends that affect the lives of Australian people. The Statistician's Report analyses information collected in the 2006 Census of Population and Housing. It also...

Research report

2 Feb 2009

This Policy Analysis, authored by Dr Anthony Bergin, outlines eight critical challenges in Australian homeland security. It suggests that protecting Australia at home from a wide range of threats is a national enterprise that requires determined efforts by all tiers of government, the private sector...

Commentary

Article

1 Feb 2009

AUSTRALIA is experiencing a mini baby-boom. Inspired in part by the previous government’s generous baby bonus, Australia’s birth rate is heading upwards towards levels not witnessed in more than thirty years. In Australia it appears that the decision to have children is in part influenced...

Commentary

Article

1 Feb 2009

IF THERE is any one message that can be drawn from the vast body of research and commentary on school education in Australia, it is that tinkering around the edges of schooling will not solve the widening gaps in educational outcomes that limit opportunities for...