May 2009

Research report

29 May 2009

This report presents an evidence-based review of the Extended Medicare Safety Net (EMSN), which was introduced at a time when Australians were facing substantial increases in out-of-pocket costs for their medical services.

The objective of the review was to analyse: (1) the operation of...

Research report

28 May 2009

This year’s report examines the operation of the native title system and its affect on the exercise and enjoyment of human rights by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples during the 2007-2008 reporting period.

It will also discuss the effect of changes that were...

Research report

28 May 2009

In this year’s Social Justice Report , Tom Calma looks at what is needed to improve Indigenous human rights protection, remote Indigenous education, healing and health equality.

He sets out some of the key steps that governments can take over the next 18 months...

Research report

28 May 2009

This publication argues that a strong manufacturing sector is an essential component of the Australian economy and for the need for a strategic revitalisation of the Australian manufacturing sector

through the development of an integrated and government driven National Manufacturing Policy, supported concurrently by...

Research report

29 May 2009

Malcolm Fraser, former prime minister of Australia, writes that “there has never been a better time to achieve total nuclear disarmament; this is necessary, feasible and urgent.”

Fraser rejects reliance on deterrence, and notes that “even a limited regional nuclear war involving targeting cities...

Research report

29 May 2009

This set of publications provide an analysis of real infrastructure spending per head of population for each state and territory using the ABS statistics on engineering construction.

The statistics provide a sound historical perspective on new infrastructure activity in states and territories and how...

Research report

29 May 2009

The Australia-Japan International Commission on Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament is one manifestation of a genuine but still modest movement to have another crack at knocking nuclear weapons off their pedestal.

In Prague on 5 April 2009, Barack Obama gave this enterprise a critical boost,...

Research report

27 May 2009

This report explains what chronic kidney disease is and describes its extent and patterns in the Australian community.

Chronic kidney disease contributed to nearly 10% of all deaths in Australia in 2006 and over 1.1 million hospitalisations in 2006-07. Risk factors for chronic kidney...

Research report

27 May 2009

As the Australian population ages and more older Australians retain their natural teeth, more people living in residential aged care are developing complex oral disease and dental problems.

This report shows that carers play a crucial role in helping maintain the oral health of...

Commentary

Article

25 May 2009

Can cooperative federalism deal with South Australia's dire lack of water, asks Robert Milliken on our partner site, INSIDE STORY.

Research report

27 May 2009

This report contains a conceptual framework for data relating to family and domestic violence.

The framework illustrates relationships between the key elements of family and domestic violence, such as: context, risk, incident, responses, impacts/outcomes, and programs, research and evaluation.

Article

27 May 2009

There were many parallels between the Australian union movement’s Your Rights At Work campaign in the lead up to the election of the Rudd Government in 2007 and the Obama campaign juggernaut in 2008.

Both mobilised and engaged an unprecedented number of campaign...

Discussion paper

27 May 2009

Since the 1980s, more than 20,000 Indigenous university graduates have joined the Australian labour force.

In 2007 alone, almost 1,500 graduated, an average of four a day. The proportion of Indigenous students enrolled in degrees and post-graduate courses has risen to more than...

Research report

27 May 2009

This report explores the differences between the public view and the reality of how much recorded crime there is and of what happens to offenders after they are charged. The results are valuable as a measure of public attitudes and perceptions of crime and the...

Research report

27 May 2009

This UK report pulls together the key findings from a series of recent research reports which explore the potential impacts of the current economic crisis on developing countries.

Much of the developing world is now beginning to suffer the impacts of the global economic...

Video

Sue Lannin speaks to IDC's head analyst, Tim Dillon, about 'Green IT' and what will be profitable in the IT sector in the near future.

Research report

28 May 2009

This research is underpinned by two socio-cultural theories of learning: Situated Cognition and Activity Theory, and has a particular emphasis on online identity creation.

This paper reports the findings of a survey conducted in Australia in 2007/08 that investigated the experiences of...

Research report

28 May 2009

Baby boomers are characterised as being technophobes who are slow to adopt new technology and when they do, they struggle to understand how to use it. This paper aimed to uncover whether baby boomers have embraced mobile phone technology and, if not, their reasons why....

Video

Who knew Lord Byron had something in common with My Chemical Romance?

Armed with an encyclopaedic knowledge of pop culture, Craig Schuftan traces the history of romanticism in rock n roll, drawing comparisons between 19th century poetic giants and the heroes of indie,...

Article

28 May 2009

Failure, like beauty, is pretty much in the eye of the beholder.

For someone who spends their working life in the arts, where all results are contestable and the judge's decision never final, one of the joys of following footy is that you can...

Article

28 May 2009

According to this article, the most innovative countries -- which will also be the highest earning in the future -- will be those that embrace a model of “innovation economics,” which places technology, innovation, and entrepreneurship at the center of economic policymaking.

Successful nations...

Research report

28 May 2009

The Digital Tracker Survey measures the national uptake of digital television and Australians' awareness and attitudes towards the switchover to digital TV.

In September 2008, the Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy (DBCDE) commissioned Newspoll to undertake research into digital take-up in...

Research report

28 May 2009

Economic downturns present serious challenges but can also be viewed as opportunities for structural reform and targeted investment in strategic areas such as broadband.

This raises several questions about how governments can best accomplish these goals without displacing or disrupting private investment. What criteria...

Conference paper

28 May 2009

From this perspective this paper aims to show how Twitter can be used during conferences, and furthermore how different people are using it. With the help of a survey and analysis of the collected data, benefits regarding the use of a microblogging tool such as...

Research report

25 May 2009

Life expectancy at birth of Indigenous Australians was 67.2 years for men and 72.9 years for women for 2005–2007, according to experimental figures released by the ABS.

The ABS reported that the life expectancy of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men is 11.5 years...

Research report

27 May 2009

Lower income renters' experiences of housing insecurity have six important dimensions. Compounded by other aspects of social and economic disadvantages, the result is social exclusion.

Housing insecurity experienced by low income renters is multi-dimensional, including: needing to move as a result of circumstances outside...

Audio program

25 May 2009

This presentation addresses the question of how the media and humanitarian organisations can responsibly draw the attention of policy-makers to the need to investigate, put a stop to and, importantly, prevent war crimes.

Florian Westphal, the head of media at the International Committee of...

Research report

25 May 2009

Tax cuts, mutual obligation and Labour force flexibility in the Budget could make or break jobless families.

Despite Australia coming off the back of a remarkable economic boom and enjoying historically low unemployment rates, in late 2008 almost one in eight Australian children lived...

Video

Whitney Fitzsimmons speaks to author Alain de Botton, about globalisation, its effects and how it impacts the way we live.

Research report

25 May 2009

This report proposes a new agenda for multilateral cooperation between Australia and Japan.

The growing international weight of Asia and the forces of globalisation are expanding the number of issues states must manage and respond to in new ways. Yet, the traditional multilateral organisations...

Research report

25 May 2009

Vijay Naidu of the University of the South Pacific argues that the Australian Defence White Paper 2009 “does not successfully incorporate Australia's foreign and economic policies in its immediate neighbourhood as a possible source of instability and security risk."

It "proposes the use...

Commentary

Article

25 May 2009

THERE IS BROAD agreement that Australian plastic bag consumption should be reduced. To this end, recent South Australian legislation has banned certain types of plastic bags. But other states wishing to reduce their plastic bag consumption may find a tax rather than a ban the...

Video

25 May 2009

At TED2009, Al Gore presents updated slides from around the globe to make the case that worrying climate trends are even worse than scientists predicted, and to make clear his stance on "clean coal."

Unlike some in public office, Al Gore always intended to...

Commentary

Article

25 May 2009

THE TWENTY-THIRD OF MAY marked the sixtieth anniversary of the coming into effect of the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany, the so-called Grundgesetz (“basic law”). The groundwork for the new constitution had been prepared about a year earlier by a group of experts...

Research report

25 May 2009

This report gives detailed analysis about Australian clean energy jobs.

Renewable energy generation is likely to expand markedly over the next two decades. The Federal Government is planning to implement the Renewable Energy Target Scheme (RET), which mandates 45,000 GWh of additional renewable energy...

Commentary

Article

25 May 2009

OVER THE PAST FOUR DECADES women have been playing catch up with men in terms of wages, education levels and wealth. It is hard to believe that just forty years ago, women in the public service were forced to resign when they got married; and...

Research report

26 May 2009

Self-employed workers make up a small but significant minority of the workforce in many OECD countries. This paper reviews three key aspects of pension schemes available to self-employed workers: coverage, contributions and benefits.

Key findings include the fact that the self-employed are covered by...

Research report

26 May 2009

This short report considers the learning that goes on everyday: from the workplace to the home, and through technology and the mass media.

This type of learning offers a bridge to formal learning for a variety of groups, including older workers, migrant groups,...

Research report

26 May 2009

Creeping acquisitions - the acquisition of a number of individual assets or businesses over time that may collectively raise competition concerns - were an area identified for reform during the 2007 election. This paper explores options for legislative change.

The paper continues the consultation...

Research report

26 May 2009

This report covers the piracy of content, such as music, films and software that does not involve the use of physical media.

The report represents Phase II of a three-phase project examining the Economic Impacts of Counterfeiting and Piracy (23) . The objective...

Research report

25 May 2009

This paper offers an insight into the effects of "silent conflict", such as nonverbal hostility and avoidance of partner, on children.

Research report

25 May 2009

This short paper discusses some of the issues of current adverse macroeconomic conditions on a small segment of the national population, Indigenous Australians.

Like other disadvantaged minorities they may be particularly susceptible to the prospect of large increases in unemployment and reductions in national...

Commentary

Article

19 May 2009

Sylvia Lawson reviews Warwick Thornton’s Samson and Delilah and this year’s Message Sticks festival - on our partner website INSIDE STORY.

Research report

25 May 2009

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the origins of the concepts of social inclusion and exclusion and of key themes and emerging debates about social inclusion in Australia and selected overseas countries.

The concepts of social inclusion and exclusion...

Research report

25 May 2009

Localities in which there is a markedly high level of disadvantage are often characterised in terms of perceived behavioural shortcomings - things like residents’ lack of commitment to improving their situation, indifferent motivation generally, unlawful conduct, and parents’ inadequate attention to child rearing. Indeed, surface...

Literature review

25 May 2009

Adolescence is a time of significant developmental transition that is considered to be second only to infancy in the magnitude of changes that occur.

Adolescents experience numerous developmental challenges at varying pace, including: increasing need for independence; evolving sexuality; transitioning through education and commencing...

Research report

25 May 2009

For many women with disabilities in Australia, the fundamental human right to create a family is not realisable. Instead, women with disabilities have traditionally been discouraged or denied the opportunity, to bear and raise children.

They have been, and continue to be perceived as...

Research report

25 May 2009

This publication explores both the characteristics and examples of innovative teaching and learning practice in Australia. It is based on discussions with practitioners and vocational education and training (VET) managers responsible for teaching and learning.

It examines why and how people are changing their...

Transcript

25 May 2009

The split between higher education and vocational education and training (VET) in Australia is not clean. This paper discusses a number of aspects of this tertiary education sector:

the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF), which describes the qualifications offered by the three education sectors:...

Transcript

29 Apr 2009

Recent research in the vocational education and training (VET) sector shows that students are gaining a range of benefits from their studies, beyond expected course outcomes.

Students are developing new networks, and gaining confidence and self esteem through the respect received from their teachers...

Audio program

25 May 2009

Is the Rudd Government's new Defence White Paper more of the same or a significant departure from the previous strategic orthodoxy?

More importantly, is it affordable, and will future governments commit to the level of spending necessary to ensure that the White Paper's ambitious...

Research report

25 May 2009

A conference tackling extreme poverty in Papua New Guinea brought together politicians, government officials, academics, private sector and non-government experts to explore ways of improving the situation of about one million people living in extreme poverty in Australia’s nearest neighbour.

Papua New Guinea’s...

Research report

22 May 2009

In its interim response, the Government said it would introduce legislation into the Parliament in October 2009 to remove the provisions in the current NTER Acts that exclude the operation of the Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (RDA). On 21 May 2009 the Government released this...

Research report

21 May 2009

Report of an independent Committee of Inquiry into the impact on higher education of students' widespread use of Web 2.0 technologies.

Today's learners exist in a digital age. This implies access to, and use of, a range of Social Web tools and software that...

Audio program

21 May 2009

Denis Dutton argues that humans evolved an aesthetic urge from the dawn of the species.

The inevitable fierce debate has erupted again both within the evolutionary science community and across the science–religion fault lines. Via Skype from his home in Christchurch, New Zealand, Professor...

Video

Seth Godin argues the Internet has ended mass marketing and revived a human social unit from the distant past: tribes.

Founded on shared ideas and values, tribes give ordinary people the power to lead and make big change. He urges us to do so....

Commentary

Article

19 May 2009

SOME COMMENTATORS see the Greens victory in last Saturday’s Fremantle state by-election as an ominous sign for a Labor Party juggling the conflicting demands of its inner urban and outer suburban support bases. This may be so, but several caveats need to be borne in...

Briefing paper

20 May 2009

As part of its "Working futures" policy the NT government has announced that services to outstations/homelands will in most cases involve a form of remote delivery, based from the closest or most accessible hub town.

Research report

20 May 2009

In September 2007 the Northern Territory Government took over responsibility for the delivery of municipal and essential services to Territory outstations starting 1 July 2008. The following report outlines the key outcomes from a series of community engagement meetings

and makes 20 recommendations to...

Audio program

21 May 2009

Professor Fran Baum, speaking about Australia's health reform agenda and her experience of "Closing the gap", medicare and citizen debate and control over healthcare.

This presentation was made at "We have the maps but can we follow the tracks? Our journey to being the...

Audio program

21 May 2009

Scholars of the commons are now active in many areas of the social sciences. Analysis of 'new' commons such as information and the internet has supplemented the conventional focus of this area on physical resources.

Awareness of the limits of markets and the...

Article

21 May 2009

This article describes and analyses the pivotal and dynamic role of learning in shaping up and fuelling the metamorphosis of current post-industrial societies and economies into true knowledge economies and innovation societies.

The authors start by contrasting two current European expert views on the...

Audio program

21 May 2009

Cheryl Kernot wants to live in a society where 'social value' is not only respected, but can be measured as well.

It calls for a rethink on what is valued to include greater considerations of social good.

Cheryl is currently the Director...

Briefing paper

22 May 2009

This paper provies an overview of Commonwealth arts policy and administrative developments from Federation to the present day. It covers:

Introduction

From Deakin to McMahon

The Whitlam Government

The Fraser Government

The Hawke Government

The Keating Government

The...

Research report

21 May 2009

This publication finds that technologies can be used to support networks of practitioners and resource banks to foster better professional practice and help practitioners exchange ideas and resources.

In addition, it is important for practitioners to be able to step back from their 'daily...

Discussion paper

21 May 2009

Growth in mixed-sector institutions offering both vocational and higher education qualifications is expected to increase given recent and predicted policy changes.

This issues paper focuses on the provision and management of higher education in TAFE institutes. Issues raised for discussion include the governance of...

Commentary

Article

14 May 2009

TWO NEW REPORTS show that although the Rudd government is tackling some of the most difficult areas of social policy, we may need to borrow fresh thinking from our New Zealand neighbours.

On 29 April the prime minister launched Time for Action ,...

Discussion paper

17 May 2009

Following six months of consultation the Territory 2030 Steering Committee has produced the draft Territory 2030 strategy. The Steering Committee is now seeking comment and feedback on the draft via community meetings and online (0) .

Research report

20 May 2009

This report outlines a policy framework to guide the development of Australia’s innovation system over the next ten years.

According to the report, innovation will make Australia more productive and increase our capacity to build new industries, attract new investment, and create new jobs...

Audio program

18 May 2009

On Friday 1 May 2009, in his first major foreign policy speech as Opposition Leader and first address to the Lowy Institute, Malcolm Turnbull discussed the challenges and priorities in managing sensibly Australia's vital relationships across the region.

A transcript is also...

Audio program

18 May 2009

Michael G. Smith AO, Executive Director of the Asia Pacific Civil-Military Centre of Excellence, discusses the way ahead for the Centre, set up in 2008 by the Rudd Government to develop 'national civil-military capabilities to prevent, prepare for and respond more effectively to conflicts and...

Article

18 May 2009

Cap and trade, hatched as an academic theory in obscure economic journals, has become the policy of choice in the debate over how to slow the heating of the planet.

Not long ago, many of today’s supporters dismissed the idea of tradable emissions...

Audio program

18 May 2009

This briefing presents the first comprehensive and comparative review of public housing rent policies in Australia and seven overseas countries,

New Zealand, the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, Sweden and the Netherlands. The research for this briefing was completed for AHURI...

Article

18 May 2009

Family joblessness is one of the most significant problems facing Australian society today. Following its establishment in May 2008 the Australian Social Inclusion Board was asked by the Government to work as a priority on jobless families and children at greatest risk of disadvantage. This...

Research report

18 May 2009

Whether we like it or not, the internet has evolved to create a new spatiality, one that is built on communication and curiosity.

Social media or web 2.0 technologies have extended this format to enable audiences to connect to organisations and to each other,...

Research report

18 May 2009

This paper discusses whether corporate social responsibility programs will be necessarily cut because of hard economic times or whether now is the perfect opportunity for strategic social investment and corporate reputation building.

The CSI issues papers provide analysis on a topical issue impacting the...

Research report

18 May 2009

Australia needs to move from seeing ‘protecting children’ merely as a response to abuse and neglect to one of promoting the safety and wellbeing of children.

Leading researchers and practitioners – both in Australia and overseas – have suggested that applying a public health...

Survey

18 May 2009

The global financial crisis will impact on corporate sponsorship of the arts, with 49 per cent of companies stating that they expect to decrease their arts sponsorships over the next 12 months. But the picture is not all bleak....

Research report

18 May 2009

The basic structure of Australia’s pension system, with its focus on poverty alleviation, indexation to community living standards and prices, and means testing, is sound, according to this report.

However the system faces challenges in both the short and long term and reforms...

Audio program

18 May 2009

In this Health Report podcast Norman Swan talks with Associate Professor Leanne Rowe, one of the authors of a new book about teenage depression. We also hear how a nation has tried to develop a plan for mental well-being and a discussion about the effectiveness...

Audio program

18 May 2009

Confronting research suggests acquired or traumatic brain injuries - past and recent - are rife in prison populations, with little to no screening or targeted interventions in place.

Impulsive behaviour, anger, mood swings, poor concentration, memory loss. A knock to the head that qualifies...

Research report

18 May 2009

This report examines how participation requirements for parents and mature age job seekers receiving income support payments could be adjusted to better take account of their family and community responsibilities.

The Taskforce looked at ways to increase workforce participation, particularly for parents with...

Research report

3 Mar 2009

This report addresses the shortage of mathematics graduates and teachers in Australia, as well as a perceived decline in the quality of mathematics education.

The report calls for a national strategy to combat these issues and their ramifications for young mathematics students. It suggests...

Audio program

18 May 2009

The relationship between New Zealand's National and Maori Parties has once again been put to the test, this time over Fiji.

Time: 17 mins

Research report

15 May 2009

This article examines issues facing the future health care workforce in Australia in light of factors such as population ageing.

It has been argued that population ageing in Australia is affecting the supply of health care professionals as the health workforce ages and at...

Research report

15 May 2009

The literacy debate rarely addresses the critical social and historical factors that also account for why literacy levels among remote Indigenous youth are lower than their mainstream counterparts.

The focus on schooling obscures the less obvious fact that we must also be cognisant of...

Transcript

15 May 2009

It argues for a very different policy framework that looks to openly combine three interlinked elements: needs-based citizenship rights, special Indigenous rights, and compensatory ‘social justice’ rights.

This paper is based on a presentation to the Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS)...

Essay

15 May 2009

This essay discusses how the third sector can often solve complex social problems with more agility and innovation than the government or private sector.

"Life has a way of leading you places. I have surfed on the wave of this transformational shift, this quiet...

Research report

15 May 2009

The entire Australian continent was once covered with networks of Indigenous placenames. These names often evoke important information about features of the environment and their place in Indigenous systems of knowledge.

On the other hand, placenames assigned by European settlers and officials are largely...

Audio presentation

15 May 2009

Looking at the promise and the perils of tomorrow, Richard Nevile discusses the acceleration of technology, environment and human consciousness.

Emerging futures is a free podcast available through ITunes U

Time: 52:58 minutes

Research report

14 Aug 2008

This 2008 report brings together information shared by people working in archives, galleries, libraries and museums at the Digital Collections Summit convened by the Collections Council of Australia in 2006.

It also incorporates feedback received in respect of the Australian Framework and Action Plan...

Research report

14 May 2009

This report looks at the use of e-learning champions as a change management strategy and outlines common activities and guidelines adopted by e-learning champions to successfully facilitate the uptake of e-learning within their organisation.

It confirms that successful e-learning champions possess a defined...

Audio program

14 May 2009

John Wilbanks , VP, Science, Creative Commons outlines a standard for “interoperability” for knowledge and for cultural works. Only an open approach, he argued, is best suited to the other interoperable aspects of the Web.

Presented as part of a session on “Copyright,...

Research report

14 May 2009

In this second interim report, the committee consolidates its key findings made by before the Rudd government's recent National Broadband Network announcement, summarises the Rudd Government's announcement and outlines emerging issues and concerns.

This report also summarises evidence received to date and details events...

Research report

14 May 2009

Among a series of recommendations thus report proposes the establishment of a national aged care forum, reporting directly to the Minister for Health and Ageing, to consider current and future challenges to the aged care sector.

The report considers the funding, planning, allocation, capital...

Research report

14 May 2009

This report focuses on the effectiveness of Regional Forest Agreements in protecting conservation values, with the majority of committee members support a strengthened system.

The proposals in the report would increase the scrutiny of forestry operations conducted under RFAs, either by limiting the exemptions...

Research report

14 May 2009

This handbook provides a number of examples where Section 200AB of the Copyright Act might be of use to libraries, archives, galleries and educational institutions.

The Handbook begins with a background to the new provision, and an outline of how the Australian Digital Alliance...

Research report

5 Mar 2009

This report from US think-tank ITIF argues that supporting the deployment of faster broadband networks will be crucial to enabling next-generation Web-based applications and services that will play important roles in improving quality of life and boosting economic growth.

While getting broadband service to...

Research report

29 Apr 2009

In this report, ITIF & LSE Enterprise estimate the impact on employment in the United Kingdom of additional investment in three important technologies: broadband Internet, intelligent transportation systems, and the smart grid.

Research report

14 May 2009

Governments need to commit to a long term reform path that recognises that the primary responsibility for managing risks, including from climate variability and change, rests with farmers, according to this report.

To this end:

• Research, development, extension, professional advice and training...

Discussion paper

14 May 2009

Recognizing that governments throughout the World need assistance and guidance in achieving the promises of electronic government through technology and the Web, this document seeks to define and call forth, but not yet solve, the variety of issues and challenges faced by governments.

...

Article

14 May 2009

This US article offers 10 guiding principals for creating technology policy that spurs and sustains digital progress.

Innovators continue to find new ways to use information technology (IT) to make our lives better. Looking forward, IT will continue to be a critical component of...

Research report

12 May 2009

The Australian government's statutory paid parental leave scheme should be taxpayer-funded, and should provide paid postnatal leave for a total of 18 weeks that can be shared by eligible parents, at the adult federal minimum wage, according to this report.

All those employed with...

Article

14 May 2009

Social researcher Hugh Mackay's essay on on making social investments in our communities.

The former prime minister once dreamed of Australia as a nation of shareholders, enriched by their participation in the adventure of capitalism. Properly conceived, that is certainly one form of social...

Research report

14 May 2009

The Budget Speech, Budget Overview, Budget Papers 1-4 and other Budget-related documents are available on this special webpage.

Supporting documents include the Appropriation Bills, Mid-Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook, Final Budget Outcome, Portfolio Budget Statements, Portfolio Supplementary Estimates Statements, Portfolio Additional Estimates Statements, Portfolio...

Research report

14 May 2009

This information sheet analyses the trends in passenger transport in Australia's eight capital cities over the period 1977 to 2008. Although car travel continues to dominate travel in our cities, urban public transport has accounted for much of the growth in travel from 2004 to...

Commentary

Article

14 May 2009

FORGET media diversity in the fast broadband world. The new model for local media is top-down and centrally controlled.

While community media was largely ignored in the 2009–10 Federal Budget, the ABC reaped $15.3 million to begin providing “regional broadband hubs.” The money will...

Discussion paper

15 May 2009

This issues paper outlines the Australian Government’s approach to consumer policy, as well as existing Australian Government support for consumer advocacy and consumer policy research.

It raises issues in relation to finding sustainable approaches to supporting consumer advocacy and consumer policy-focused research in the...

Research report

15 May 2009

Couple relationship formation has changed dramatically in Australia in recent decades. Marriage rates have declined and the age at which people marry for the first time has increased.

Couple relationship formation has changed dramatically in Australia in recent decades. Marriage rates have declined from...

Research report

15 May 2009

Cate Banks provides a summary of her research into the different meanings of the child-focused ideal for family dispute resolution practitioners and lawyers, and discusses how these differences play out in practice.

The family law reforms introduced in the Family Law Amendment (Shared Parental...

Research report

15 May 2009

Jenny Anderson discusses some of the barriers and enablers that influenced the ability of Community Liaison Workers to engage with men from a variety of cultural backgrounds which may provide ideas for other services.

Men are less likely than women to seek professional help...

Discussion paper

15 Apr 2009

Australia has experienced frequent and large commodity export price shocks like Third World commodity exporters, but this price volatility has had much more modest impact on economic performance. Why? This paper explores Australian terms of trade volatility since 1901. It identifies two major price shock...

Research report

15 May 2009

The aim of this study is to investigate whether the public believes high cost patients should be a lower priority for public health care than low cost patients, other things being equal, in order to maximise health gains from the health budget.

Semi-structured group...

Research report

13 May 2009

The National Health Survey of 2007-08 examines the key health issues in Australia. Some of the key health risk factors highlighted in this report are obesity, alcohol consumption and smoking.

Overweight and Obesity More adult Australians were overweight or obese in 2007-08...

Research report

14 May 2009

This Review has tried to capture the distinctiveness of the primary phase. The curriculum that primary children are offered must enable them to enjoy this unique stage of childhood, inspire learning and develop the knowledge, skills and understanding which are the building blocks for secondary...

Audio program

14 May 2009

If you like the idea of the above equation, well, you are either looking forward to a Robot vs. Lawyer stand-off, or else you simply believe that law can be made better and more efficient through the use of software and applications to streamline repetitive...

Research report

14 May 2009

Immediate financial relief for carers is a key recommendation of this report, which proposes increasing the base rate of income support for carers and calls for means testing thresholds to be reviewed.

The committee recommends an urgent increase in respite and in-home assistance for...

Audio program

13 May 2009

Recently a mother was banned from exposing her child to neo-Nazi websites. To what extent will the courts prevent a parent from teaching/exposing/indoctrinating their child about their ideas or beliefs?

Audio program

13 May 2009

Edward Santow, Director of Charter of Human Rights Project, Gilbert + Tobin Centre of Public Law, University of NSW, discusses the implications for business and the economy of a human rights charter.

Guide

18 May 2009

This guide was developed by the Law Research Program of the ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation (CCI) to examine and explain copyright issues which impact upon creators and users of blogs, podcasts, vodcasts and wikis in the Australian legal environment. In...

Research report

11 May 2009

This Policy Analysis , authored by Rod Lyon and Andrew Davies, reviews the recently released Defence White Paper Defending Australia in the Asia Pacific Century: Force 2030 .

Media reporting has tended to focus on the hardware acquisition aspects of...

Research report

11 May 2009

The Australian Apprenticeships Roundtable provides a forum for Australian Apprentices, as key users of the national training system, to inform governments about issues affecting their training and careers.

The Roundtable comprises 28 members selected from a diverse range of Australian Apprentices. Through the activities...

Research report

11 May 2013

Australia is the third best place in the world to be a mother, a new global report that rates the wellbeing of mothers and children has found.

But the research from Save the Children reveals a less rosy picture for children, whose wellbeing was...

Article

11 May 2009

Megan Davis brings feminist arguments to Indigenous politics in this essay, timely with the recent recommendations for equal representation for women on the next national Indigenous policy board.

"The opportunity to design a new representative structure is a rare opportunity to reshape Indigenous politics....

Research report

11 May 2009

The overall number of recorded deaths, and the rate per relevant population, has declined significantly in prisons since 1997. However, there has been no statistically significant change in the overall number of police custody deaths since 1990.

The overall trend masks the long-term decline...

Research report

11 May 2009

This report finds differences in drug use between male and female detainees and between Indigenous and non-Indigenous female detainees, highlighting different patterns of drug usage and dependencies and of associated most serious offences leading to arrest.

The Drug Use Monitoring in Australia program makes...

Research report

11 May 2009

The committee recommends that the government reconsider its proposed approach to how Australia can best contribute to a reduction in global greenhouse gas emissions.

On 25 June 2008, the Senate established the Senate Select Committee on Fuel and Energy (the committee) to inquire into...

Research report

8 May 2009

The National Curriculum Board (NCB) has reached a major milestone in developing the Australian curriculum.

They have now released reports covering the overall goals and objectives of the National Curriculum, as well as individual reports for English, Mathematics, Science and History. There is also...

Research report

11 May 2009

This report considers how technology (e-learning) can assist effective teaching, learning, reporting and assessment processes for employability skills.

The Australian vocational education and training (VET) sector is in transition in implementing a new policy for the employability skills of learning, self management, planning and...

Research report

11 May 2009

This report shows that the housing careers of persons with a disability, and those family members with significant care responsibilities, are flatter and more restricted than those of the population overall.

In addition, it is argued that the housing careers of carers and persons...

Article

11 May 2009

Remote location, inadequate governance procedures and lack of economies of scale undermine the organisational performance of indigenous community housing organisations.

Authors: Karel Eringa, Frederick Spring, Mara West, Martin Anda, Paul Memmott and Stephen Long

Article

8 May 2009

Something is missing from the debates about teaching history in Australian schools, even though their explosive, raw and at times distinctly personal quality must surely be a good sign.

If we are not prepared to shout and bang on tables over history and kids,...

Article

8 May 2009

The life of SYN FM is a story of digital literacy – a new literacy involving the ability to write, not just read, the forms and languages of digital media content.

For all of the talk of a new communications paradigm there are very...

Research report

8 May 2009

Folksonomies have emerged as a means to create order in a rapidly expanding information environment whose existing means to organize content have been strained.

This paper examines folksonomies from an evolutionary perspective, viewing the changing conditions of the information environment as having given rise...

Article

8 May 2009

Cloud computing -- the creation of large data centers that can be dynamically provisioned, configured, and reconfigured to deliver services in a scalable manner -- places enormous capacity and power in the hands of users.

As an emerging new technology, however, cloud computing...

Research report

8 May 2009

The statistics in this publication relate to government and non-government schools, students and school staff, and were collected through the non-finance National Schools Statistics Collection (NSSC),

which was established through the work of the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA)....

Research report

7 May 2009

While emerging markets are moving up the global innovation index, Japan and Switzerland remain first and second respectively in the league table. This ranking compares 82 countries by their innovativeness and looks at the factors that bring this about.

China is climbing...

Article

7 May 2009

There is a need for a fundamental revision of the way we think about democracy in our times.

An epochal transformation has been taking place in the contours and dynamics of representative democracy. From roughly the mid‐twentieth century representative democracy began to morph into...

Article

7 May 2009

George Williams explores what changes need to occur to really bring about participatory democracy.

Governments often consult. They set up inquiries about new laws and policies on everything from taxation to climate change to how to reform the system of government itself. These processes...

Research report

8 May 2009

This report provides summary results of the monthly Labour Force Survey containing estimates of employed and unemployed persons classified by sex, full-time/part-time status, states and territories and some age groups; and persons not in the labour force.

The main findings...

Commentary

Article

7 May 2009

Can works of art help us see the world anew and help us glimpse the ways in which human beings are truly connected to each other and to nature? Can they help us slip the shackles of old habits of thought, and help us develop...

Discussion paper

7 May 2009

A complicated drama over property rights in ancient works of art is now playing out among museums, governments, art dealers, collectors and citizens of various countries.

The meaning of ownership and property is usually self-evident. If I own something, I can control how...

Research report

7 May 2009

Age is the most significant driver of internet use in the home, according to an new Australian Communications and Media Authority report.

The report indicates that nearly three out of four people (specifically, 73 per cent) have a home internet connection and 87 per...

Research report

27 Apr 2009

This project aims to inform policy and service practice to promote positive and sustainable housing outcomes for young people ageing out of the state out-of-home care system.

Research report

5 May 2009

About 100 people aged 55 years or older die by drowning each year in Australia. About another 75 per year are admitted to hospital following non-fatal drowning. About one-third of these cases have characteristics that suggest that they were severe.

Of the drowning deaths,...

Commentary

Article

5 May 2009

THERE are three great recurring themes in Australian defence policy. One is the fear of a threat from Asia. Another is a fear of change. The third is expressed in the belief that “it’s better to fight them up there than down here.” All three...

Commentary

Article

6 May 2009

THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT’s somewhat tardy response to last year’s 2020 Summit largely sidesteps the content in order to suggest it was “an extraordinary learning experience in the value of engaging with the Australian community.” What is the provenance of today’s community engagement strategies and how...

Research report

5 May 2009

Most Australian graduates are enjoying employment success and earning high salaries according to this report.

The 2008 Graduate Pathways Survey was designed to gain information on employment outcomes five years after completing a bachelor degree, how these changed from graduates’ initial outcomes, the pathways...

Research report

6 May 2008

Executive summary

Introduction

Current systems for protecting children in Australia are failing in their primary objective: to protect children. Substantiation rates have increased significantly across Australia in the past decade although the rates in Victoria, Western Australia and South Australia have remained...

Research report

6 May 2009

A third of Australian and New Zealand tertiary students seriously consider leaving their institutions before graduation, according to this study of student engagement.

A representative sample of more than 25,000 students from 29 Australian and New Zealand universities participated in the latest cycle...

Briefing paper

6 May 2009

Nationally comparable data about school performances should be reported to the public, but should not be used to create league tables, according to this paper.

Written by Geoff Masters, Glenn Rowley, John Ainley and Siek Toon Khoo, the paper was prepared for the Ministerial...

Research report

6 May 2009

With their knowledge and insights into various aspects of public administration, whistleblowers are able to cast light on issues that might otherwise remain in darkness. This report looks at new legislative protection proposals in New South Wales.

The report aims to untangle the...

Research report

5 May 2009

The overall aim of this project is to provide guidance for State Housing Authorities and to assist them prepare for and respond to natural disasters and other environmental emergencies.

A natural disaster is a rapid onset event that threatens or causes death, injury or...

Commentary

Article

4 May 2009

SINCE THE ELECTION of the Rudd Labor government in November 2007, the prime minister and his senior ministers have claimed that Australia is a “creative middle power”. Kevin Rudd signalled his desire to see Australia as a “middle power” while in opposition, and as prime...

Commentary

Article

29 Apr 2009

“DORA AND ANDREW ARKALIS will never forget receiving the news,” began a recent article on childhood cancer in the Age. The couple had taken their four-year-old son, Michael, to the Royal Children’s Hospital to have recurring headaches diagnosed, and a registrar brought them a scan...

Discussion paper

4 May 2009

This essay outlines the “challenges and opportunities of a more prosperous, democratic and sophisticated neighbour” and the importance of not “squandering our intellectual expertise”.

Howard Dick, Professor in Management at The University of Melbourne and Conjoint Professor in Business and Law at The University...

Discussion paper

4 May 2009

This essay argues that in spite of the global financial crisis, Australia-China relations are too important to "leave to panicked shareholders and financial institutions".

Research report

4 May 2009

At present, we have very limited ability to compare public health activity across jurisdictions and countries, or even to ascertain differences in what is considered to be a public health activity.

Existing standardised health classifications do not capture important dimensions of public health, which...

Research report

4 May 2009

This survey sought to describe how government health departments in Australia use specialist health economic advice to inform policy and planning and the mechanisms through which they access this advice.

Government anticipates that health economic analysis will contribute to evidence-based policy development. Early examples...

Research report

4 May 2009

This new Defence White Paper explains how the Government plans to strengthen the foundations of Australia's defence. It sets out the Government's plans for Defence for the next few years, and how it will achieve those plans.

It provides an indication of the level...

Discussion paper

2 May 2009

Richard Chauvel of Victoria University writes that although after half a century of exile Papuan politician Nicholaas Jouwe’s visit to Jakarta and Jayapura reflected an “Indonesian strategy to persuade exiled Papuan political figures, refugees and asylum seekers to return to Indonesia”, not all went according...

Discussion paper

2 May 2009

Recently researchers interested in disability research were invited to a workshop to discuss how to facilitate the development of a national research agenda. A document outlining the conclusions from this meeting is available here for further comment.

A number of Australian disability research,...

Journal article

2 May 2009

As gaming becomes increasingly part of mainstream culture globally, we are beginning to see other modes of gaming subcultures -- most notably in the form of cosplay. Cosplay is short for 'costume play' and cosplayers take their inspiration from games, manga (comics), anime (animation),...

Briefing paper

2 May 2009

Ensuring that patients at risk of critical illness or a serious adverse event receive appropriate and timely care is a key safety and quality challenge. All patients at risk should receive comprehensive care irrespective of their location in the hospital or the time of day....