July 2009

Research report

30 Jul 2009

A sudden upturn in global sales of information and communications technology (ICT) goods in May and June suggests the ICT industry may have reached a turning point and be on the road to recovery, according to this (19) OECD report.

Most countries posted positive...

Research report

30 Jul 2009

Allison Miller is the Business Manager for the e-portfolio – Managing Learner Information Business Activity – for the Australian Flexible Learning Framework. She has lectured in Business Finance, Administration and Small Business Management and in 2006 and 2007 was the Coordinator of South Australia’s ‘e-dayz’,...

Video

The JISC's Libraries of the Future campaign stimulated debate among librarians, information professionals and academics on the issues surrounding technology's impact on the emerging role of the academic library in the 21st century through a series of events, printed resources and podcast interviews.

The...

Essay

30 Jul 2008

It sometimes appears that not only every major capital city, but every café at the end of every street of every godforsaken one-horse town has a film festival -- or soon will have.

According to trade publication Variety there are 5000 of them around...

Essay

30 Jul 2009

This articles argues that the privileging of access to data above its application means that the debate over whether libraries are in the book business or the information business is diverting us from the thought that they should be in the knowledge business, ‘business’ having...

Guide

30 Jul 2009

This handbook is the main output from a project funded by the Australian Learning and Teaching Council investigating the reality of the 'net generation's' experiences and preferences in the use of technology. It involved an investigation into students' and teachers' use of new technologies and...

Article

30 Jul 2009

The deterritorialisation, or uprooting from time and place, of culture through communication technologies can be explored through John Tomlinson's idea of globalisation as "complex connectivity". This paper aims to cover various areas of research to highlight the ways in which cultural deterritorialisation continually permeates cultural...

Research report

30 Jul 2009

This paper explores the capacity to develop an authentically Australian concept of social inclusion by positing it within human rights.

Noting the emerging prominence of social inclusion in public policy, and in light of the current debate about whether to adopt a federal Charter...

Research report

31 Jul 2009

People who traditionally find it difficult to enjoy and participate in Scotland's cultural and creative life can do so if activities are better planned and co-ordinated at local level.

That's the finding from an evaluation of the Cultural Pathfinder Programme, which supported 13...

Research report

30 Jul 2009

Seven out of ten young children attended a preschool or a preschool program in 2008.

In June 2008, seven out of ten (72% ) of children aged 3-6 years who were not attending school were usually attending a preschool or a preschool program in...

Research report

28 Jul 2009

Developed by the Board to generate discussion and debate on the question of how to measure disadvantage and social exclusion, these indicators are first steps towards comprehensive performance measurement and evaluation of social inclusion in Australia.

This report includes indicators developed in the European...

28 Jul 2009

AT THIS WEEK’S RELEASE of the final report from the National Health and Hospitals Reform Commsiion, the Prime Minister made no commitments about his government’s response to the report’s recommendations about a federal takeover of health services. For the time being his reaction to this...

Evaluation

29 Jul 2009

How many of the government’s health policies have been implemented? Angela Beaton and Lesley Russell look at the record

WHILE the Rudd Government has delivered on quite a few of its pre-election commitments, obesity and dental health are two of the stand-out issues yet...

29 Jul 2009

INTERNATIONAL REPORTING of Indonesia, including in the Australian media, has tended to oscillate excessively from the euphoric to the gloomy. The recent Jakarta bombings, the first in Indonesia in almost four years, are certainly a terrible tragedy. But the country is in good hands, and...

Research report

27 Jul 2009

On 11 June 2009, the Lowy Institute for International Policy hosted its sixth annual New Voices conference. The conference forms an important part of the Lowy Institute’s outreach activities to generate dialogue on Australia’s role in the world and international affairs. Since 2003, New Voices...

Research report

27 Jul 2009

Young people are changing the way they engage with politics and Politics is going to have to change as a consequence.

This project sought to consider the existing research on young Australians’ participation in democracy. This was undertaken with the purpose of developing a...

Research report

27 Jul 2009

The report highlights a number of structural weaknesses in Australia’s education system and proposes a path towards a cooperative rather than competitive federalist approach to schooling.

The paper presents an argument and a proposed strategy for structural reforms in Australian schooling. It notes that...

Research report

27 Jul 2009

The rate of imprisonment of Indigenous people in Australia and New Zealand continues to be unacceptably high. Indigenous people are more likely to return to prison than are non-Indigenous people. How can young Indigenous adults be assisted to make a successful transition from...

Research report

28 Jul 2009

The three-hundred page reform ‘blue print’ from the National Health and Hospital Reform Commission has endorsed a range of health reform measures that will not solve the hospital crisis in this country, argues Jeremy Sammut.

Executive Summary

Beside the perennial and...

Research report

26 Jul 2009

While Australia's federal and state leaders have been stuck discussing the introduction of the emissions trading scheme, some of our local governments have been trying to do something about the impact of human activity on global warming.

But will climate change policies developed by...

Research report

26 Jul 2009

A new Policy Brief on China's aid program in the Pacific provides the most detailed picture yet of China's approach to aid-giving in the region. It suggests China is mired in a vicious cycle of short-termism that is a legacy of its long-running diplomatic battle...

Briefing paper

26 Jul 2009

This background note will be updated to include any new developments on the formal negotiations are taking place within the meetings and working groups that have been established under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and Kyoto Protocol framework.

The Rudd Government...

Research report

20 Jul 2009

In September 2008, the international media started to report on the declining health of the North Korean leader, Kim Jong-Il. Since that date, North Korea has undertaken a series of measures to demonstrate the health of Kim Jong-Il, yet at the same time has demonstrated...

Guide

12 Jul 2009

This Privacy Victoria information sheet outlines the privacy rights of children under Victorian law.

Where the Information Privacy Act 2000 (‘the Act’), requires the consent of an individual to collect, disclose, transfer, access or correct their personal information, a parent or guardian can consent...

Research report

26 Jul 2009

There is increasing interest in reforming the corporate tax code, including a proposal by the Obama administration to, among other steps, limit deferral of foreign source income. However, there is little agreement on what that reform should look like.

A new ITIF report, Effective...

Audio

27 Jul 2009

Is the idea of a mainstream video culture dead? TV news anchors, sitcom stars, and A-list actors are losing ground to the groundswell of citizen journalists, independent web series creators, and the occasional cats falling off of pianos on YouTube. If everyone is a producer,...

Discussion paper

27 Jul 2009

The conventional rationale for copyright of written works, that copyright is needed to foster their creation, is seemingly of limited applicability to the academic domain.

For in a world without copyright of academic writing, academics would still benefit from publishing in the major way...

Research report

27 Jul 2009

The Federal Government's health review has called for a major shake-up of the national health system, with the Commonwealth taking over the funding of most services.

This report identifies actions that can be taken by governments to reform the health system under three reform...

Research report

27 Jul 2009

Climate change will bring significant challenges to the island nations of the Pacific. This paper examines Australia's attitudes to climate change in the region under the two most recent federal governments.

The Howard Government's engagement with the region profoundly influenced understandings of Australia's role...

Research report

27 Jul 2009

While the Commonwealth will receive a windfall of more than $10 billion per year in revenue from auctioning pollution permits, state and local governments will transfer more than $2 billion a year to the Commonwealth Government.

In addition, the states will be liable for...

Research report

26 Jul 2009

Through an analysis of data on offenders sentenced in the Supreme Court of Tasmania between 1 July 2002 and 30 June 2004, and on reconvictions and breaches, the paper provides an overview of the use and impact of suspended sentences.

While offenders...

Research report

25 Jul 2009

This article describes a program where postgraduate education students at Flinders University are helping to support young people who struggle with mathematics.

A unit of their course called Numeracy, Mathematics and Learning Difficulties connects each student with a primary school learner in need of...

Research report

25 Jul 2009

This UK report focuses on the identification of dyslexia among students and the possible intervention approaches that can be made by teachers and parents.

The report recommends professional development courses for teachers to enable them to select and implement appropriate literacy programs. The report...

Research report

25 Jul 2009

Perceptions about the mining industry and the rapid growth of mining communities in Australia has led to concerns that these communities are prone to higher rates of intimate partner violence than the general community. This paper provides a summary of research that examined the nature...

Audio

25 Jul 2009

The parlous state of music in public schools means not only are our children missing an important dimension in life, but they miss out on something that promotes brain function and social skills.

China and Venezuela understand the value of music very well, and...

Research report

24 Jul 2009

Ron Huisken of the Australian National University argues that the strikingly different dimension of Australia's recent Defence White Paper, Force 2030 – “the sharply expanded submarine force and the intent to acquire Australia’s first strategic missile capability – stems from a disjointed, inconclusive but unmistakably...

Research report

24 Jul 2009

Indigenous Australians make up almost one-quarter of Australia’s prison population. In the past 20 years, Indigenous Australians have continued to fill our country’s prisons at alarmingly disproportionate rates. The issues experienced by Indigenous offenders are significant and complex. The strong links between substance misuse and...

Research report

24 Jul 2009

TasCOSS researchers spoke with 148 Tasmanians across the State about what it’s like to live on a low income. They found that many Tasmanians are indeed ‘just scraping by’ and are doing so often at the expense of their health and well-being and by going...

Research report

24 Jul 2009

This report examines the structure and workforce of the Retail trade industry. Topics covered include: an industry overview; industry performance and trends; forms and conditions of employment; and earnings and wage instruments. The retail industry is relatively concentrated among large firms and profit margins...

Research report

24 Jul 2009

Drawing on labour force data and previous research findings, this report explores poor labour force attachment among young people. It focuses particularly on the ‘not fully engaged’ (NFE) group of young people and its changing composition over the past decade. Alternative indicators that may...

23 Jul 2009

'Liberal Rule' avoids the shortcomings of 'The Howard Years', but has flaws of its own, writes Peter Brent on our partner site, INSIDE STORY

Research report

23 Jul 2009

In late 2008, Arts SA funded a sector-wide consultation to determine the service needs of the disability and arts sector and to identify the most appropriate model for the delivery of these services

, as well as the continuation of key programs that have...

Research report

23 Jul 2009

This paper examines to what extent electronic media and communications have contributed to currently changing concepts of time and space and how crucial their role is in experiencing temporality, spatiality and mobility.

The paper argues that media and communication technologies play a complex part...

Research report

23 Jul 2009

Saskia Sassen is widely recognised as one of the leading theorists on globalisation, and is perhaps best known for her comprehensive work on the ‘global city’. She has written 12 books that deal with a vast range of issues relating to globalisation, from immigration, state...

Research report

23 Jul 2009

IT modernisation, defined as major changes in a company’s technology infrastructure, applications and overall operations to replace legacy systems, can be a complex process. To be effective, it requires close alignment with strategic business goals, clearly defined objectives and the continual involvement of the C-suite...

Research report

23 Jul 2009

This report provides a comprehensive snapshot of young people’s use of electronic media from early childhood through to teenage years, and parents’ views about that media use.

New findings from 2007 are included for 3 to 4 and 7 to 8-year-olds from the Australian...

Video

This video documents the historical struggle of Indigenous radio in Sydney.

From humble beginnings operating out of a terrace house in Redfern twenty years ago, the Aboriginal voice on Sydney radio has struggled to seal its place on the city's airwaves. For Koori Radio,...

Research report

24 Jul 2009

This report is the first comprehensive research to assess the effect of the economic downturn on Australian charities and nonprofit organisations.

It assesses the projected increases and decreases in fundraising and other income streams resulting from the economic downturn to help policy makers and...

Research report

24 Jul 2009

This report provides information on the oral health impacts experienced by Australian children during the period 2004-06.

It investigates differences in parent-reported toothache, eating difficulties and poor oral health perception between children with different dental visiting patterns and treatment needs.

Image: Monkeyc/ Flickr...

Research report

24 Jul 2009

This report explores the issue of energy security in the context of a growing dependence of the energy-hungry Asian economies on Middle Eastern supplies.

While some might believe that the world is fast running out of oil, in truth the main threats to energy...

Journal article

22 Jul 2009

Family joblessness is one of the most significant problems facing Australian society today. This article is based on a report prepared for the Australian Social Inclusion Board.

Following its establishment in May 2008 the Australian Social Inclusion Board was asked by the government to...

Audio

23 Jul 2009

On Monday 29 June Michael Ross, Senior Vice President, Education General Manager at Encyclopaedia Britannica joined Australian Publishers Association Digital Chat series to speak about EB’s transition from print to digital and what business models have proven the most effective.

Michael Ross, Encyclopedia...

Research report

21 Jul 2009

This report is the result of a systematic review undertaken by the Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring (ACAM) to refine and simplify asthma monitoring in Australia.

A Delphi survey and correlation analysis were used to review the currently recommended list of 24 national asthma...

Research report

21 Jul 2009

The first part is a quantitative analysis of the industry, including of its structure, business performance, employment characteristics and wage trends. The industry is highly competitive, with low barriers to entry and relatively low average profit margins. The majority of workers in the industry are...

22 Jul 2009

BEFORE penning this comment, I had been racking my brain to think of how I could make a meaningful contribution to the Asian languages debate. After all, buying into the debate should be relatively easy for somebody with my background: a former student who studied...

22 Jul 2009

SOMETIMES political scuttlebutt gets it wrong. Very wrong. The Gordon Nuttall affair seems to be one of those times. The topical view is that Nuttall’s conviction and imprisonment on corruption charges is hard evidence that Queensland has slipped back twenty years to the pre-Fitzgerald days...

Research report

22 Jul 2009

A handful of studies on the retirement intentions of Australia's baby boomers have each come to a similar conclusion: most boomers are open to the idea of later retirement. But these intentions are by no means evenly distributed through the population, according to this study....

Research report

22 Jul 2009

This paper examines the potential of home ownership to protect households from poverty after retirement by examining its role in maintaining living standards and preventing poverty among older Australians.

Incomes and housing costs are compared between Australia and six other nations (Canada, UK, USA,...

Research report

22 Jul 2009

The National Health & Hospital Reform Commission's report is due soon, but one issue is barely on the radar - the growing proportion of health funding that is coming out of patients' own pockets. This paper puts forward ideas to improve Australia's health copayments system....

Research report

22 Jul 2009

This paper briefly places the contribution of mining into the context of the wider economy, and focuses on the impact of coal mining on both natural and agricultural areas of NSW.

The minerals industry is NSW’s largest export industry, accounting for export revenue...

Research report

22 Jul 2009

Changes to the Family Tax Benefit from the 2009 federal budget will mean a loss of income for families who can least afford it, according to this factsheet, almost inevitably leading to an increase in child poverty.

The effects of this reduction in income...

Research report

22 Jul 2009

Imagine if the Sermon on the Mount had been protected by copyright law….or if Moses had required advance permission before anyone could copy the Ten Commandments. Would they have spread very quickly and become the religious icons that they have become?

The champions of...

Research report

20 Jul 2009

Security personnel now outnumber police in Australia. Based on census data, the paper compares the characteristics of employees in each group and examines the nature of businesses in the security industry. As the sector is expected to grow, the paper argues for more consistent and...

Research report

20 Jul 2009

The incidence of service station armed robbery has steadily increased over the past decade. This paper examines the incidence of armed robbery at service stations and profiles the offenders involved.

The incidence of service station armed robbery has steadily increased over the past decade....

Research report

20 Jul 2009

Although Sydney is often characterised by a high quality of life, this prosperity is not shared by all. Based on secondary data analysis, this report shows that there are individual and community problems in a number of key areas: housing, income, health, education, crime and...

Research report

20 Jul 2009

This paper presents an Australian perspective on the opportunities and barriers to clean technology development, deployment and transfer, both within and between countries.

The research is based on interviews with individuals from government, the private sector, academia, industry groups and other stakeholders.

Similar...

Briefing paper

20 Jul 2009

This briefing paper critiques the proposal to establish a baseline and credit type scheme instead of an emissions trading scheme based on a cap and trade mechanism.

Research report

20 Jul 2009

This report profiles the Health and community services industry, drawing on statistical analysis and focus group research. It reviews the economic performance of the industry over the medium-term, employment and wage patterns, and the recent experiences of employers and employees.

The first part...

Research report

20 Jul 2009

This report provides a profile of the Manufacturing industry and its workforce, focusing on the sectors in which low-paid employees are relatively concentrated.

Topics covered include industry structure and performance, the Manufacturing labour market, and earnings and wage instruments. Manufacturing has a mixture of...

Research report

20 Jul 2009

This report presents findings from a literature review and qualitative research project under taken with women who have left a domestic violence relationship and staff who have experience working with these women.

The research was undertaken by the Social Policy and Research team at...

Research report

20 Jul 2009

In the latest Asialink Essay, Ross Cottrill, currently a Visiting Fellow at the Asia-Pacific College of Diplomacy, ANU, unpacks, with reference to China, the latest Defence White Paper, Defending Australia in the Asia Pacific Century: Force 2030 . He notes that "In the case of...

Guide

28 Aug 2007

This guide contains links to Internet resources and documents in the area of anti-terrorism law. Emphasis is on Australian federal (Commonwealth) legislation. Links to Australian State and Territory legislation are also given, as well as significant overseas resources.

The guide was prepared by the...

Audio

20 Jul 2009

Emeritus Professor of Public Health and Community Medicine at the University of New South Wales, Ian Webster, talks about the inadequacies of the health care system to deal properly with health problems of the homeless and mentally ill people.

Journal article

17 Jul 2009

This publication contains current research and analysis on a broad range of issues topical to Australia's social policy and its administration.

The major articles in this edition are:

• Achievement, aspiration and autonomy: how do youth from stepfather families compare with other...

Research report

17 Jul 2009

This report documents one of three themed studies undertaken as part of the national evaluation of the Stronger Families and Communities Strategy 2004-09. It explores how Communities for Children, Invest to Grow and Local Answers projects and activities have engaged clients who may be considered...

Journal article

17 Jul 2009

Participation in a loyalty program and access to an interest-free period tend to increase credit card use at the expense of alternative payment methods, according to this paper.

Using transaction-level data, the authors find that a loyalty program increases the probability of credit card...

Briefing paper

17 Jul 2009

This paper examines the shifting patterns of leadership and patronage in Jemaah Islamiyah.

It argues that leadership tensions and recent prison releases raise the possibility that splinter groups might now seek to re-energise the movement through violent attacks.

Research report

17 Jul 2009

This study analyses the shifting geography of employment and highlights the dynamics of industry structure in Australia's main cities between 2001 and 2006.

Between 2001 and 2006, the three industries with the highest average annual growth in employment were mining, government administration and defence,...

Research report

17 Jul 2009

This paper looks at the distribution of aspects of wealth, debt and investment, which will be affected by changes in interest rates, housing prices and the stock market, and will in turn affect spending and overall economic activity.

The global economic downturn will test...

Journal article

17 Jul 2009

This study investigates the relationships between health and lifestyle factors, age and private health insurance (PHI) in a large Australian population-based cohort study of people aged 45 years and over

; the 45 and Up Study. Unlike previous Australian analyses of relationships between health,...

Transcript

17 Jul 2009

This paper considers three aspects of vocational education and training's (VET) contribution to the labour market

: the relationship between their training and the occupations VET graduates work in; the extent to which the qualified proportion of the workforce has increased; and the link...

Research report

17 Jul 2009

NCVER commissioned six leading thinkers to offer insights into what is meant by a training market, constraints upon that market and the areas for improvement in the system which would allow consumers greater choice.

These papers, along with responses and an introduction by NCVER's...

Audio

17 Jul 2009

While the various wars on drugs have failed as a public policy, they have often succeeded as a political strategy.

Research report

17 Jul 2009

When Nixon launched the War on Drugs in 1971, it was intended primarily as a political strategy rather than as a public policy. While it has failed as a public policy, the War on Drugs has often succeeded as a political strategy. However, significant health,...

Briefing paper

17 Jul 2009

Medical practitioners -- general practitioners and other medical specialists, hospital non-specialists and specialists-in-training -- are a fundamental and vital component of the health workforce. Medical practitioners diagnose physical and mental illnesses, disorders and injuries, provide medical care to patients and prescribe and perform medical and...

Research report

17 Jul 2009

Using the latest available data published by the Australian Taxation Office for the 2006–07 income year, this background note looks at levels of philanthropy, or more specifically, tax deductible giving in Australia.

The note focuses in particular on how levels of giving, both in...

Research report

17 Jul 2009

The election of the Rudd Government on 24 November 2007 signalled a more multilaterally-oriented role for Australia, in particular in the country’s relations with the United Nations (UN) and other like-minded international organisations.

This research paper examines Australia’s relationship with the European...

Research report

16 Jul 2009

The current crisis is the first of this severity to hit OECD countries since they have shifted to knowledge-based service economies.

As part of its strategic response to the economic crisis, the OECD has analysed the likely impact of the downturn on the drivers...

Research report

15 Jul 2009

Stuart Benjamin and Arti Rai propose that the Obama administration (or Congress, if Congress is willing) create an Office of Innovation Policy that would draw upon, and feed into, existing regulatory review processes but would have the specific mission of being the “innovation champion” within...

Research report

16 Jul 2009

Although, the number of OECD countries that publish data on the number of mobile broadband subscribers is not large, growth is significant in markets where data are available. This paper provides an overview of prices, speeds and data caps of mobile broadband services. 99 and...

Audio

16 Jul 2009

Every now and then someone has a really good idea. And sometimes, an enormous corporation decides to support that idea, which occasionally leads to something pretty extraordinary being developed. So was the case with Google Maps, the now ubiquitous online navigation system....

Commentary

Article

16 Jul 2009

Digital TV is already here. For some Australians, it will be soon the only kind they can watch, writes Jock Given on our partner website, INSIDE STORY

Article

16 Jul 2009

The creative industries idea is better than even its original perpetrators might have imagined, judging from the original mapping documents.

By throwing the heavy duty copyright industries into the same basket as public service broadcasting, the arts and a lot of not-for-profit activity (public...

Commentary

Article

16 Jul 2009

IT’S NOT OFTEN that an article in an academic journal makes you think about the world in a different way. But one such article appeared late last year in Prometheus , an Australian-based journal that publishes a wide range of research on science, technology and...

Commentary

Article

17 Jul 2009

The proposed security law monitor isn't perfect, but it’s a strong start, write Andrew Lynch and Nicola McGarrity on INSIDE STORY

Report

Report on the progress with the implementation of the recommendations of the Lost Innocents and Forgotten Australians Reports
25 Jun 2009

This report examines the uneven implementation of Lost Innocents : Righting the Record, a report on child migration, and Forgotten Australians , a report on Australians who experienced institutional or out-of-home care as children.

Research report

17 Jul 2009

Many see traffic jams as a fact of city life, but its root cause is overuse of a common resource – the urban road network. Putting a price on access to roads at busy times could encourage individuals to change their travel plans, according to...

Transcript

17 Jul 2009

This paper focuses on the resolution of native title claims by negotiated outcomes and looks at the range of options for settlement expressly contemplated, or permitted, by the Native Title Act.

It looks in some detail at the various factors that can affect...

Research report

15 Jul 2009

This paper discusses the key initiatives being undertaken by government, industry and the community to develop the digital economy along with case studies of successful individuals and industries engaged in the area.

Executive Summary

The digital economy is the global network of...

Research report

15 Jul 2009

This paper explores how - and indeed, if - child support money is a useful resource in meeting the housing needs of the children of separated parents and the resident parent who receives the payments.

This paper presented at the 2009 Australian Social Policy...

Conference paper

15 Jul 2009

This paper focuses on policy responses to promote positive housing outcomes, including strategies for intersectoral collaboration for policy agenda setting and implementation, addressing community stigma, tackling professional resistance to mental health reform, developing advocacy alliances, providing housing models which address social isolation, and challenging medical...

Research report

15 Jun 2009

Australia's restrictions on the parallel importation of books result in higher local book prices and should be lifted according to the recommendations in this Productivity Commission report. {C}

The Commission undertook extensive analysis of international book prices and concluded that the current restrictions create...

Audio

14 Jul 2009

Joe Trippi is considered one of the pioneers of modern political campaigning. In this speech, delivered at the Sydney Institute, he talks about the future of online political campaigning and about what worked and what didn't in the 2008 US election.

Research report

15 Jul 2009

A summary of Indigenous students’ results in international tests of reading, mathematical and scientific literacy suggests that initiatives to improve the education of Indigenous students have, to date, had little effect.

According to the report Indigenous students remain overrepresented at the lower levels and...

Research report

15 Jul 2009

On an scale that compares high life expectancy, high life satisfaction, and a low ecological footprint Australia comes in at 102 according to the 2009 Happy Planet index

The report presents the results of the second global compilation of the Happy Planet Index, based...

Research report

15 Jul 2009

Practice nurses ease the strain on general practitioners, but not enough doctors and policy makers recognise their pivotal role, this report reveals.

Policy recommendations from the report

There are, in essence, two health policy problems for which nurses in general practice can provide...

Commentary

Article

14 Jul 2009

For all its faults, it’s a miracle that it exists. But it could be a whole lot better, writes Rodney Tiffen on our partner website, INSIDE STORY.

Research report

13 Jul 2009

For organisations which choose to incorporate social media elements into their online presence, this report provides material to inform that choice and guide the structural decisions which follow from it.

It highlights the importance of understanding both the social and technological aspects of social...

Research report

13 Jul 2009

This study investigates the policy environment and accomplishments of emerging not-for-profit housing developers in Australia.

The core purpose is to understand the current operating environment of these agencies and to identify directions for policy that could enable these or similar organisations to make...

Research report

13 Jul 2009

This paper reports on a research study that has tracked 2,482 couples who were married or co-resident during the period 2001–2007. The researchers investigated individual and couple characteristics associated with marital instability and found that characteristics of men and women can have quite different impacts...

Research report

13 Jul 2009

This is the third report in a series commissioned by Arts Queensland to discuss the taxation issues effecting the Arts industry in Australia.

The report concludes with 47 recommendations, some of which suggest tax reforms and others outline practical strategies to assist the arts....

Research report

13 Jul 2009

This ASPI Strategic Policy Forum examines approaches to countering online radicalisation in Australia.

Forum contributors participated in an ASPI outreach dialogue on the topic of internet radicalisation that was held in Perth, Western Australia, in May 2009.

Individual speakers and their papers are:...

Research report

13 Jul 2009

Reforms to the family law system in Australia in 2006 have added legislative impetus to the view that for most separating parents, courts are not the best place to settle disputes over children following family breakdown. Complementing the reforms is a national network of Family...

Research report

14 Jul 2009

Policy development in Indigenous affairs often proceeds with dated estimates of population and with little understanding of the likely impact of changing demographic parameters on future Indigenous population size and composition.

To the extent that policy itself can influence demographic outcomes, this represents a...

Research report

19 Jan 2009

Bad timing is the most common reason for women seeking abortions at the Royal Women’s Hospital.

The study, that is the first in Victoria to look at women who considered aborting unplanned pregnancies, analysed 3018 women seeking terminations between October 2006 and...

Audio

13 Jul 2009

Findings from Growing Up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children

This paper presents findings from a study commissioned by The Smith Family and conducted by the Australian Institute of Family Studies, which aimed to identify key influences on Australian children’s school readiness,...

Audio

13 Jul 2009

We are much more likely to avoid social contact with someone who has a mental illness than a physical illness, especially if we have never had a close relationship with a person who has experienced mental illness.

Hamish Holewa talks to Dr Anthony Jorm...

Research report

13 Jul 2009

International research suggests alcohol consumption increases the number of homicides and that homicides involving alcohol differ significantly to non alcohol-related homicides. The current study sought to build on the limited Australian research on alcohol-related homicide by examining solved homicides recorded in the National Homicide...

Research report

13 Jul 2009

A key aspect to improving Indigenous wellbeing is exploring the relationship between land and wellbeing.

Evidence exists which suggests there are positive physical health outcomes from living or working on country.

However, it has also been argued that Indigenous health cannot improve whilst...

Discussion paper

13 Jul 2009

It is widely acknowledged that native title agreements have the capacity to generate significant positive social, economic, environmental and cultural benefits for Indigenous communities. If this is so, why are such outcomes the exception and not the rule? Why is it that the...

Research report

10 Jul 2009

Around twelve percent of people who were currently in an area affected by drought have mental health problems compared to seven percent in areas which haven’t been hit by drought in the last three years according to this paper.

Note: This paper was given...

Guide

13 Jul 2009

A collection of 17 essays , written around the centenary of Federation, telling the story of how Parliament has fashioned and reworked the intentions of those who crafted the Constitution. Produced by the Parliamentary Library, Commonwealth of Australia.

1.

Federal Parliament's Changing...

Research report

13 Jul 2009

This research paper on foreign debt is the fourth update of a Parliamentary Library paper originally published in September 1989.

The objectives of the paper are to provide statistical information on:

the levels of gross and net foreign debt; comparisons over time; the...

Research report

13 Jul 2009

Taking a snapshot of Australian society, Australian Social Trends, features articles about transitions in people's living arrangements, as well as how they work and student achievements in maths and science.

Commentary

Article

8 Jul 2009

New recommendations for electoral reform are a step in the right direction, but the pace continues to be slow, writes Peter Brent on our partner website, INSIDE STORY

Research report

10 Jul 2009

Through a staged collaborative process, ARACY’s ‘Child readiness to learn’ project aims to identify the points of intervention where most benefit will be achieved in reducing the impact of poverty on children’s ability to learn. ARACY works with researchers, practitioners and experts in a range...

Video

A new documentary by Onemda Vic Health Koori Health Unit and the University of Melbourne is helping turn the spotlight on a holistic approach to Indigenous health.

For the Fitzroy Stars Football Club, football is more than a game. The club nurtures a culture...

Audio

10 Jul 2009

Drs Mike Arnold and Martin Gibbs discuss the impact on families of the seemingly unstoppable wave of digital and virtual communications technologies.

Dr Michael Arnold - History and Philosophy of Science, School of Philosophy, Anthropology and Social Inquiry.

Dr Martin Gibbs - Interaction...

Audio

10 Jul 2009

Behavioural Economist Dr Nikos Nikiforakis explains how Behavioural Economics challenges one of the fundamental premises of traditional Economics - the rational, self-serving Homo Economicus.

Through laboratory and field experiments, Nikos also develops a model for understanding social cooperation.

Dr Nikos Nikiforakis' main research...

Audio

10 Jul 2009

At the end of 2008 the Rudd Governement set up a committee to examine whether Australian needs a bill of rights.

Research report

9 Jul 2009

Modern societies are organised around the assumption that people are perfectly rational - an assumption out of touch with the latest evidence from brain research. It is also out of touch with common sense. This paper argues that policymakers should design choice contexts for social...

Book

10 Jul 2009

Involving children and young people in participatory research can be of great benefit to the young participants as well as to researchers. However that involvement also raises a number of ethical and access challenges.

Involving Children and Young People in Research is a...

Research report

8 Jul 2009

Children and young people have a high level of awareness of cybersafety risks and the key messages for staying safe online.

This ACMA report found that 75 per cent of children surveyed claim they know not to give out their address or phone number...

Video

8 Jul 2009

Sue Malta discusses the findings of her research into the online romantic behaviour of older people.

Video

8 Jul 2009

NOTE:

This video resource can no longer be found online. The current link provides access to the presentation slides for this talk, kindly provided by Jock Given.

If you have any information about this video resource please contact webmaster@apo.org.au

...

Transcript

8 Jul 2009

In Australia, it is widely believed that most homeless people have mental health issues, and that mental illness is a primary cause of homelessness. This paper uses information from a study of 4291 homeless people in Melbourne to investigate these propositions.

The research found...

Conference paper

8 Jul 2009

Can this term provide researchers, practitioners, and policy makers with a better ability to monitor and respond to their level of social exclusion and inequity to services, opportunities and representation, as the basis for promoting ethnic equality in the future, asks this paper.

Culturally...

Research report

8 Jul 2009

For many jobseekers low-paid work is in itself not a good stepping stone towards a better job, so the policy focus has thus shifted from helping welfare recipients to obtain jobs, to supporting employment in quality jobs that offer opportunities for wage and career progression....

Research report

9 Jul 2009

How does place-making - broadly defined as the practice of fostering community in place - occur when the majority of people in that 'community' are transnational rather than local in their orientation, and temporary rather than permanent in their settlement? This report looks...

Research report

9 Jul 2009

This report looks extensively at changes in the activities of GPs from 1998 to 2008 in the light of numerous government initiatives and changes in the GP workforce and in the population.

It shows that GP activity generally correlates well with health policy initiatives...

Transcript

9 Jul 2009

This paper discusses the historical context of the NSW Aboriginal Education Consultative Group and the NSW Aboriginal Education Policy, and emphasises the need for culturally inclusive policies with relevant policy implementation strategies.

Presented at the 2009 Australian Social Policy Conference, the paper also highlights...

Research report

9 Jul 2009

These eight state and territory reports on the homeless are based on information collected from the Australian Bureau of Statistics 2006 Census. The reports include statistics on accommodation types, age, sex, Indigenous identification and geographical distribution.

Counting the Homeless began as a research...

Research report

9 Jul 2009

This paper examines the impact of the global financial crisis on international migration, the challenges to Australia of these effects, and how national policy should most appropriately respond.

Khalid Koser is the Director of the New Threats and Human Security Programme at the Geneva...

Commentary

Article

7 Jul 2009

Ken Henry’s review of the tax system is heading in the wrong direction, writes Brian Toohey on our partner website, INSIDE STORY

Research report

8 Jul 2009

This paper models the national and regional population impacts of a continuation of existing mortality and fertility regimes compared to a situation where these converge. The effects of inter-regional migration are also considered.

Commentary

Article

6 Jul 2009

A pyrrhic victory for the recording industry highlights the need for a rethink of the law, writes Julian Thomas on our partner site, Inside Story.

Submission

6 Jul 2009

This discussion paper sets out the Business Council of Australia's long-term vision for tax reforms that would drive economic growth.

It calls for a tax system that maximises community wealth, which is then shared by every Australian.

Among the reforms proposed in Unrealised...

Commentary

6 Jul 2009

How does income inequality compare to more traditional measures of disadvantage, like poverty?

In a recent article for Inside Story, John Quiggin wrote that the verdict is still out on whether equality and social well-being are correlated. Some research shows that they are –...

Research report

6 Jul 2009

This report responds to the need to devise strategies to achieve the employment targets for Western Sydney set by the NSW government's metropolitan strategy City of Cities: a Plan for Sydney's Future.

The aggregate target for Western Sydney is 280,000 net additional jobs...

Research report

6 Jul 2009

This report examines the response of the Victorian State Trauma System to the February 2009 bushfires.

It provides a retrospective review of the strategic response required to treat patients with bushfire-related injury in the first 72 hours of the Victorian...

Research report

6 Jul 2009

One of the current trends in distance education is the use of multi-user virtual environments (MUVE) as a training platform.

MUVEs are being used for both formal and informal online learning. Second Life is a popular MUVEs being used for education today. Teaching and...

Research report

6 Jul 2009

This research aimed to identify in general the impacts of housing on women and their children who experience domestic and family violence.

The study investigated the quality and timeliness of appropriate housing provision and its link to women and children’s wellbeing. This study...

Research report

6 Jul 2009

The economic crisis is likely to cause the first major fall in the number of migrants coming to work in OECD countries since the 1980s, according to this report.

This is already happening, for example, in Ireland, Spain and the UK, which were...

Research report

6 Jul 2009

Across Australia, very few Year 12 subjects focus on Asia, according to this report. Where content on Asia is offered, it often has an Australian or Western focus.

The authors found that, in practice, it is schools and teachers who select the material that...

Discussion paper

6 Jul 2009

This paper outlines the proposed operation of the planned new Centres of Excellence round.

The ARC is considering changes to a number of aspects of the previous operation and seeks feedback from our stakeholders on the specific issues outlined, including proposals to:...

Research report

6 Jul 2009

This report provides a snapshot of Australian public and private hospital activity in 2007-08.

As well as overview material the report includes four feature chapters. The first provides information about hospital reform directions agreed between the Commonwealth and all state and territory governments. The...

Research report

6 Jul 2009

This is a comprehensive source of comparable statistics on health and health systems across OECD countries.

The following features are available free online:

• Description, list of indicators, access to the sources and methods, and user's guide,

• Briefing notes for all...

Research report

6 Jul 2009

The Defence Capability Plan 2009 provides an account of major capital equipment proposals that are currently planned for Government consideration (either first or second pass approval) in the period 2009-2013.

A number of substantial programs identified in the 2009 Defence White Paper, Defending Australia...

Essay

6 Jul 2009

Our funding bodies are designed for the mass scale and based on the idea that culture comes from a relatively small number of large places, yet as Marcus Westbury argues, the dominant trend of our era is that culture is diversifying and moving away from...

Research report

6 Jul 2009

This report is from a workshop held in 2008 that provided a practical overview of law enforcement responses to substance abuse in Indigenous communities. It includes research summaries, environmental scans from Victoria and New South Wales, studies of innovative policing responses and discussion of particular...

Research report

6 Jul 2009

The grooming of children for sexual purposes has been facilitated by online technologies, particularly social networking sites. This report describes the nature and extent of how new technologies are being exploited by offenders

and the legislative and non-legislative responses to combat this growing...

Research report

6 Jul 2009

This report outlines the non-legislative measures being undertaken by social networking sites and the financial services industry, working in collaboration with law enforcement agencies, to respond to the misuse of the internet for child sexual grooming.

Research report

6 Jul 2009

Over the past 20 years Indigenous Australians have called for greater recognition of Indigenous cultural and intellectual property rights.

In this paper Terri Janke makes the case that creating a National Indigenous Cultural Authority which would facilitate consent and payment of royalties to Indigenous...

Research report

6 Jul 2009

Multicultural marketing is not rocket science. But it is complex and needs passion, commitment and a willingness to learn.

This toolkit is divided into four sections and each section can be used as a stand-alone component or be integrated to assist in attracting...

Research report

2 Jul 2009

Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage 2009 is the fourth report in a series commissioned by heads of Australian governments in 2002, to provide regular reporting against key indicators of Indigenous disadvantage.

In March this year, the terms of reference were updated in a letter...

Research report

3 Jul 2009

In addition to the current Global Financial Crisis (GFC), there is a second global crisis: long-term poverty in the third world.

While the rich world worries about a repeat of the Great Depression, today more than a billion people in Asia live in conditions...

Audio

3 Jul 2009

Jacqueline Downes and Catherine Parr, Partners at Allens Arthur Robinson, outline the changes to Australian Consumer Law introduced into Parliament recently.

Audio

3 Jul 2009

The world after the Global Financial Crisis will be a world which asks some very searching questions of Australia's foreign policy makers, businesspeople, and citizens.

How should Australia respond to the new position of China as a key power determining the future of collective...

Research report

3 Jul 2009

This report explores access to vocational education and training (and university) currently and historically over the past 20 years.

It reports that those young people most likely to miss out on vocational education and training include those with disabilities, young people still living at...

Research report

2 Jul 2009

This paper presents five Alternate Reality Game (ARG) case studies which reveal common features and mechanisms used to attract and retain diverse players, to create task-focused communities and to solve problems collectively. Voluntary, collective problem solving is an intriguing phenomenon wherein disparate individuals work together...

Research report

2 Jul 2009

The Internet is an ideal medium for citizen engagement in government, and US Federal agency web sites will have a key role to play in making government more transparent, accountable and participatory. To succeed, the operation and improvement of Federal agency web sites must be...

Research report

2 Jul 2009

For the chief technology officer or chief risk officer of today's organization, perhaps no issue presents more complexity -- or more headaches -- than the necessity to protect corporate and personal information in an environment where employees travel widely or routinely work at home...

Article

2 Jul 2009

The central thrust of this article is that improvements in remote working will not occur consistently without some form of structured process and that more strategic benefits evolve as the increased profile of remote workers is acknowledged in organisational policy.

In previous articles on...

Research report

1 Jul 2009

This research paper addresses the question of whether the Commonwealth has the constitutional power to take over and regulate the administration of public hospitals (with or without the agreement of state governments).

Summary

• The funding and administration of public hospitals is an...

Research report

2 Jul 2009

Nearly half of all Australian businesses (45%) undertook some form of innovative activity - including the development or introduction of new or significantly improved goods, services, processes or methods - last financial year, according to this report.

Innovative activity increased 22% on the previous...

Video

Once again, the IQ Squared debate series filled the auditorium of the Angel Place Recital Centre in Sydney's CBD, and this time it was to argue a hotly-felt topic, that "Public Funding of Private Education is Unconscionable".

Unusually for the series, the pre-debate poll...

Research report

2 Jul 2009

Developed in response to the current and anticipated future impact of digital technologies on the arts sector, artists and arts audiences, this is the Australia Council’s blueprint for supporting arts content and its creators in the digital era.

In less than five years, most...

Research report

27 Jun 2009

This report aims to provide policy makers with a broad-brush understanding of the various dimensions of digital identity management.

It introduces, in non-technical terms, the basic concepts and issues raised by IdM and points to additional sources where policy makers may gain a deeper...

Research report

28 Jun 2009

British universities have world-class reputations and they are vital to the country’s social and economic future, yet they are under siege. This report argues that this can be a moment of rebirth.

The huge public investment that sustained much of the sector is in...

Research report

3 Jul 2009

Web 2.0 technologies and services have spread around the world at an amazing pace and are used by millions of people every day. Many public service organizations are also adopting Web 2.0 applications as a means of improving their ability to collaborate and serve citizens...

Audio

3 Jul 2009

How do you read your books? As an audiobook, paperback or in a digital form?

Ann Kirschner decided to read the almost thousand-page Charles Dickens classic Little Dorrit in four ways: the traditional hardcopy, as an audiobook, using a Kindle and with an iPhone....

Research report

3 Jul 2009

Australia's total energy use has increased by 15% over the last six years, according to this report. Manufacturing, along with the electricity, gas and water industries were the largest domestic energy users (around one-third each), while households made up a further 12 per cent....

Video

One of the byproducts of China's extraordinary development in the last few decades has been an explosion in its urban populations. At the recent Metropolis summit in Sydney, Asia researcher Andrew Ness described how this changing landscape has come about, and how the Chinese...

Research report

3 Jul 2009

Being breastfed during infancy is known to improve developmental outcomes, but the pathways by which this occurs remain unclear. One possible yet unexplored mechanism is that breastfed infants may spend their time differently to infants who are not breastfed.

This paper analyses infants' time...

Research report

3 Jul 2009

This report presents the results of the evaluation of the short-run impacts of the Communities for Children (CfC) initiative on child, family and community outcomes.

The study was based on a three-wave longitudinal study of 2,202 families living in 10 sites that had a...

Research report

1 Jul 2009

This study investigated factors that correlate with gambling-related problems among the Indigenous population. There are significant variations between states and territories in the percentage of Indigenous people reporting gambling related problems for themselves or their family and social networks. The report conducts a literature review...

Research report

2 Jul 2009

The e–readiness scores of all but nine of the 70 countries in the study have declined in 2009.

The past year has brought severe shocks to the economies and macroeconomic structures of countries around the world. In contrast to the last major crisis of...

Research report

2 Jul 2009

In the decade since Napster’s launch, selling recorded music has become as much of an art as making the music itself.

The music industry has been on the front lines of the battle to convert freeloaders into paying customers, and their efforts have been...

Research report

9 Jul 2009

From the exhibitions we visit, to the videos we watch and make, to the clothes we wear; the choices we take about what culture to consume and what we create help us connect with others who share our opinions, ideas and beliefs. This...

Research report

30 Jun 2009

The World Drug Report presents comprehensive information on the illicit drug situation. It provides detailed estimates and trends on production, trafficking and consumption in the opium/heroin, coca/cocaine, cannabis and amphetamine-type stimulants markets.

This year, for the first time, the World Drug Report includes special...

Research report

30 Jun 2009

Timor-Leste has held six national elections since independence in 1999. Throughout this period the incidence and severity of electoral violence has varied considerably.

For example, between May and August 2007 violence escalated during parliamentary elections in spite of a code of conduct committing political...

Research report

30 Jun 2009

This background note provides a brief overview of the historical and political context surrounding boat arrivals in Australia since 1976. It includes background on the global context; government policy responses; trends in public opinion on the issues; and links to some of the key resources....

Research report

30 Jun 2009

On 19 March 2008 the Senate resolved to appoint a Select Committee on Regional and Remote Indigenous Communities to inquire into and report on the effectiveness of Australian Government policies following the Northern Territory Emergency Response, specifically on the state of health, welfare, education and...

Research report

1 Jul 2009

A strong majority (85%) of Australians support federal laws protecting Australians from discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity

(42% strongly support, 43% support). In comparison, just 10% oppose such laws (4% strongly oppose, 6% oppose).

Levels of support are...